Manhattan Community Board 12
The Manhattan Community Board 12 is a New York City community board for the neighborhoods of Inwood and Washington Heights in the borough of Manhattan. It is delimited by the Harlem River on the east and on the north, the Hudson River on the west and the 155th Street on the south; as of 2000, the Community Board has a population of 208,414 up from 198,192 in 1990 and 179,141 in 1980. Of them, 28,242 are White non Hispanic, 17,480 are African-American, 4,310 Asian or Pacific Islander, 505 American Indian or Native Alskan, 727 of some other race, 2,736 of two or more race,154,414 of Hispanic origins. 42.3% of the population benefit from public assistance as of 2009, up from 33.3% in 2000. The land area is 2.8 square miles. Www.cb12manhattan.com
Highbridge is a residential neighborhood geographically located in the central-west section of the Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the north, Grand Concourse to the east, East 161st Street to the south, the Harlem River to the west. Ogden Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Highbridge; the neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 4, its ZIP Code is 10452. The local subway is the IND Concourse Line, operating along the Grand Concourse, the IRT Jerome Avenue Line, operating along Jerome Avenue; the area is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 44th Precinct. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P. S. A. 7 at 737 Melrose Avenue in the Melrose section of the Bronx. At the time of European settlement, the southern Bronx was inhabited by the Siwanoy, a tribe of the Wappinger Confederacy, they called the hill, now Highbridge "Nuasin," or "the land between," for its location between the Harlem River and an estuary that flowed in the area of modern-day Jerome Avenue.
The neighborhood takes its name from the High Bridge built in 1848 by Irish immigrants to carry Croton Aqueduct water across the Harlem River. In the mid-late 19th century, the area was developed as a suburban retreat for the elite, who built large homes overlooking the Harlem River; the names of these families and their estates are still reflected in the names of Highbridge's north-south avenues: Ogden Avenue and Boscobel Place for William B. Ogden, Merriam Avenue for Francis W. Merriam, Anderson Avenue and Woodycrest Avenue for the Anderson family, Shakespeare Avenue for the Shakespeare Garden on the Marcher family estate. Around the turn of the 20th Century, many of these estates were subdivided for urban development, however a few older houses still remain. In the early 20th Century, the neighborhood was served by the Anderson–Jerome Avenues station, which connected the New York City Subway's Ninth Avenue elevated Line with the IRT Jerome Avenue Line. In the late 1960s, the residents of Highbridge were predominantly of Irish and Eastern European Jewish descent.
They have since been replaced by large numbers of African Americans. As of 2017, the neighborhood is undergoing gentrification. Prior to the 1960s, Highbridge was a predominantly Irish American neighborhood. Today the vast majority of residents in the area are of Dominican, Puerto Rican and African American descent. 40% of families live below the federal poverty line. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Highbridge was 37,727, an increase of 3,883 from the 33,844 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 373.14 acres, the neighborhood had a population density of 101.1 inhabitants per acre. In 2010, the racial makeup of the neighborhood was 32.9% African American, 1.2% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 64.3% of the population. The entirety of Community District 4, which comprises Highbridge and Concourse, had 155,835 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 78.6 years.
This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods. Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 27% are between the ages of between 0–17, 29% between 25–44, 23% between 45–64; the ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 11% and 10% respectively. As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 4 was $30,900. In 2018, an estimated 32% of Highbridge and Concourse residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents were unemployed, compared to 9 % in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 61% in Highbridge and Concourse, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Highbridge and Concourse are considered low-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying. However, as of 2017, rents in Highbridge have risen more than any other neighborhood in New York City, at a rate of 22%.
Highbridge is dominated by townhouses and 5 and 6-story apartment buildings, including numerous Art Deco landmarks built by the developer Bernard J. Noonan and the architects Horace Ginsberg and Marvin Fine. Many older detached mansions still remain on Ogden Avenue; the total land area is one square mile. The terrain is elevated and hilly. Stair streets connect areas located at different elevations; the Woodycrest Children's Home on Woodycrest Avenue was built as an orphanage by the American Female Guardian Society and Home for the Friendless to rescue from degradation and moral, the children of want and sorrow. This grand Beaux Arts building was designed by the architect of Carnegie Hall. Opening in 1902, it housed 120 children in five dormitories, contained a chapel, a kindergarten, a hospital, a dining room and a quarantine ward for new arrivals; the building is now managed by the Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center as the Highbridge-Woodycrest center, providing long-term geriatric and AIDS care.
The Art Deco style Park Plaza Apartments on Jerome Avenue, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Art Deco style Noonan Plaza Apartments on West 168th Street; the Richardsonian Romanesque style Union Reformed Church of Highbridge on Ogden Avenue, with stained glass by Tiffany and Company. The Polychrome Gothic style Public School 91, now PS1
Manhattan Community Board 4
The Manhattan Community Board 4 is a New York City community board in the borough of Manhattan encompassing the neighborhoods of Hell's Kitchen and Hudson Yards, as well as parts of the Garment District, the Flower District, the Meatpacking District. It is delimited by the Avenue of the Americas, 26th Street and Eighth Avenue on the east, 14th Street on the south, the Hudson River on the west and 59th Street on the north, its current chairman is Christine Berthet, its District Manager is Jesse Bodine. CB4 has the same powers as the other Community Boards of New York City; as of 2000, the Community Board has a population of 87,479, up from 84,431 in 1990 and 82,162 in 1980. Of them, 52,721 are White non Hispanic, 6,402 are African-American, 7,228 Asian or Pacific Islander, 166 American Indian or Native Alskan, 429 of some other race, 2,305 of two or more race, 18,228 of Hispanic origins. 19.3% of the population benefit from public assistance as of 2009, up from 14.7 in 2000. The land area is 1,131.8 acres, or 1.8 square miles.
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Manhattan Community Board 7
The Manhattan Community Board 7 is a New York City community board encompassing the neighborhoods of Manhattan Valley, Upper West Side, Lincoln Square in the borough of Manhattan. It is delimited by Central Park West on the east, northern portion of Columbus Circle, West 60th Street, Columbus Avenue, West 59th Street on the south, the Hudson River on the west and Cathedral Parkway on the north. Roberta Semer serves as Penny Ryan is the District Manager; as of 2010, the Community Board has a population of 209,084. Of them, 140,850 are White non Hispanic, 31,347 of Hispanic origin, 15,834 are African American, 15,988 Asian or Pacific Islander, 221 American Indian or Native Alaskan, 671 of some other race, 4,173 of two or more race.12.2% of the population benefit from public assistance as of 2012. The land area is or 1.9 square miles. Official site of the Community Board
Manhattan Community Board 8
The Manhattan Community Board 8 is a New York City community board encompassing the Upper East Side, including the neighborhoods of Lenox Hill and Roosevelt Island in the borough of Manhattan. It is delimited by the East River on the east, 59th Street on the south, Central Park on the west and 96th Street on the north, its current chairman is Alida Camp. As of 2000, the Community Board has a population of 217,063, up from 210,880 in 1990 and 204,305 in 1980. Of them, 179,355 are White non Hispanic, 6,907 are African-American, 13,778 Asian or Pacific Islander, 126 American Indian or Native Alaskan, 618 of some other race, 3,952 of two or more race, 3,253 of Hispanic origins. 4.8% of the population benefit from public assistance as of 2009, up from 2.8% in 2000. The land area is 1,267 acres, or 2 square miles. Community Board 8 - Official Website
New York City Police Department
The City of New York Police Department, more known as the New York Police Department and its initials NYPD, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the City of New York, New York in the United States. Established on May 23, 1845, the NYPD is one of the oldest police departments in the United States, is the largest police force in the United States; the NYPD headquarters is at 1 Police Plaza, located on Park Row in Lower Manhattan across the street from City Hall. The department's mission is to "enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, provide for a safe environment." The NYPD's regulations are compiled in title 38 of the New York City Rules. The New York City Transit Police and New York City Housing Authority Police Department were integrated into the NYPD in 1995 by New York City Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani. In June 2004, there were about 45,000 sworn officers plus several thousand civilian employees; as of December 2011, that figure increased to over 36,600, helped by the graduation of a class of 1,500 from the New York City Police Academy.
As of Fiscal Year 2018, the NYPD's current authorized uniformed strength is 38,422. There are approximately 4,500 Auxiliary Police Officers, 5,000 School Safety Agents, 2,300 Traffic Enforcement Agents, 370 Traffic Enforcement Supervisors employed by the department; the Police Benevolent Association of the City of New York, the largest municipal police union in the United States, represents over 50,000 active and retired NYC police officers. The NYPD has a broad array of specialized services, including the Emergency Service Unit, K9, harbor patrol, air support, bomb squad, counter-terrorism, criminal intelligence, anti-gang, anti-organized crime, public transportation, public housing; the NYPD Intelligence Division & Counter-Terrorism Bureau has officers stationed in 11 cities internationally. In the 1990s the department developed a CompStat system of management which has since been established in other cities; the NYPD has extensive crime scene investigation and laboratory resources, as well as units which assist with computer crime investigations.
The NYPD runs a "Real Time Crime Center" a large search engine and data warehouse operated by detectives to assist officers in the field with their investigations. A Domain Awareness System, a joint project of Microsoft and the NYPD, links 6,000 closed-circuit television cameras, license plate readers, other surveillance devices into an integrated system. Due to its high-profile location in the largest city and media center in the United States, fictionalized versions of the NYPD and its officers have been portrayed in novels, television, motion pictures, video games; the Municipal Police were established in 1845. Mayor William Havemeyer shepherded the NYPD together, originating the phrase "New York Finest." In 1857, it was tumultuously replaced by a Metropolitan force. Twentieth-century trends struggles against corruption. Officers begin service with the rank of "probationary police officer," referred to as "recruit officer". After successful completion of five and a half to six months, sometimes longer of Police Academy training in various academic and tactical training, officers graduate from the Police Academy.
While retaining the title of "probationary police officer,"" graduates are referred to as a "police officer," or informally as a "rookie", until they have completed an additional 18 month probationary period. There are three career "tracks" in the NYPD: supervisory and specialist; the supervisory track consists of nine sworn titles, referred to as ranks. Promotion to the ranks of sergeant and captain are made via competitive civil service examinations. After reaching the civil service rank of captain, promotion to the ranks of deputy inspector, deputy chief, assistant chief and chief of department is made at the discretion of the police commissioner. Promotion from the rank of police officer to detective is discretionary by the police commissioner or required by law when the officer has performed eighteen months or more of investigative duty; the entry level appointment to detective is third specialist. The commissioner may grant discretionary grades of second and first; these grades offer compensation equivalent to that of supervisors.
A second grade detective's pay corresponds to a sergeant's and a first grade detective's pay corresponds to a lieutenant's. Detectives are police officers who perform investigatory duties but have no official supervisory authority. A "detective first grade" still falls above. Just like detectives and lieutenants can receive pay grade increases within their respective ranks. ^ †: Uniform rank that has no police powers There are two basic types of detective in the NYPD: "detective-investigators" and "detective-specialists". Detective-investigators are the type most people associate with the term "detective" and are the ones most portrayed on television and in the movies. Most police officers gain their detective title by working in the Narcotics Division of the Detective Bureau. Detectives assigned to squads are co-located within each precinct and are responsible for investigating murders, robberies and other crimes within that precinct's boundaries. Other detective-investigators are assigned to specialized units at either the major command or citywide level, investigating terrorist groups, organized crime, narcotics dealing, ext
The Washington Bridge carries six lanes of traffic, as well as sidewalks on both sides, over the Harlem River in New York City between the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx, connecting 181st Street and Amsterdam Avenue in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan to University Avenue in the Morris Heights neighborhood of the Bronx. Ramps at either end of the bridge connect to the Trans-Manhattan Expressway and the Cross-Bronx Expressway; the bridge is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation. It once carried U. S. Route 1; the total length of the bridge, including approaches, is 2,375 feet. The parallel main spans of the steel arch bridge stretch 510 feet over the Harlem River, providing 134 feet of vertical clearance and 354 feet of horizontal clearance; the tidal maximum is 4.9 ft and extreme low water is -3.5 compared to mean lower low water. This two-hinged arch bridge was designed by Charles C. Schneider and Wilhelm Hildenbrand, with modifications to the design made by the Union Bridge Company, William J. McAlpine, Theodore Cooper and DeLemos & Cordes, with Edward H. Kendall as consulting architect.
The original design was pared down to bring the bridge's cost to $3 million. The bridge features steel-arch construction with two 510-foot-long main spans and masonry approaches. Construction began in 1886, the bridge opened to pedestrian traffic on December 1, 1888; the plan had been to open the bridge to vehicular traffic on February 22, 1889 — Washington's Birthday and the centennial anniversary of the first Presidency — but the full opening was delayed until December 1889. In 1913, a young architect named John Bruns is reported to have jumped from the Washington bridge and lived, he was quoted at his trial: "Why, it was a nerve test. Some friends had been taunting me on my lack of nerve because I had never married, as we talked over the matter I made a bet that I would dive from the bridge."After completion of the George Washington Bridge in 1931, traffic off the bridge into the Bronx traveled over the Washington Bridge. Starting in the 1940s, ramps were built to connect the western end of the bridge to the 178th Street and 179th Street Tunnels leading to the George Washington Bridge.
This allowed traffic to and from New Jersey to bypass the congested local streets of Upper Manhattan. The Alexander Hamilton Bridge was planned in the mid-1950s to provide a direct connection between Robert Moses's proposed Trans-Manhattan and Cross-Bronx Expressways and to accommodate the additional traffic resulting from the addition of the six-lane lower level to the George Washington Bridge; the completion of the Alexander Hamilton Bridge in 1963 diverted much of the traffic away from the Washington Bridge. The Washington Bridge underwent reconstruction from 1989 to 1993; the Washington Bridge carries the Bx3, Bx11, Bx13, Bx35, Bx36 bus routes operated by New York City Bus. List of crossings of the Harlem River Andrew Haswell Green List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in New York National Register of Historic Places listings in Bronx County, New York National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York NYC Roads: Washington Bridge New York City Department of Transportation Washington Bridge at Structurae Historic American Engineering Record No.
NY-130, "Washington Bridge, Spanning Harlem River at 181st Street, New York, New York County, NY", 5 photos, 2 data pages, 1 photo caption page Nautical Chart #12342 NOAA