Cockeysville is a census-designated place in Baltimore County, United States. The population was 20,776 at the 2010 census. Cockeysville was named after the Cockey family. Thomas Cockey settled in Limestone Valley in 1725 at Taylor's Hall. Joshua Frederick Cockey built one of the first homes in the area in 1798 and built the first commercial structure, a hotel, in 1810 in what would become the village of Cockeysville, his son, Judge Joshua F. Cockey, was a lifelong resident in the village; as a businessman before being appointed as judge, in the 1830s he built the train station and accompanying commercial buildings. Cockeysville was the scene of some Civil War activity. Confederate soldiers pushed into the Baltimore area, intending to cut off the city and Washington from the north. On July 10, 1864, Confederate cavalry under General Bradley T. Johnson entered Cockeysville, destroying telegraph lines and track along the Northern Central Railway, they burned the first bridge over the Gunpowder Falls, just beyond nearby Ashland.
After the war, Joshua F. Cockey III founded the National Bank of Cockeysville and other commercial ventures in the community, as well as developing dwellings along the York Turnpike that made up the village of Cockeysville. Stone Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Baltimore County School No. 7 was listed in 2000. Cockeysville is home to the Cockeysville Branch of the Baltimore County Public Library and the Historical Society of Baltimore County. Baltimore County Public Schools operates public schools: Padonia International Elementary Warren Elementary School Cockeysville Middle School Dulaney High School Private: St. Joseph School The Grand Lodge of Maryland, Ancient and Accepted Masons, is located in Cockeysville on a 250-acre campus, it includes a castle-like structure known as Bonnie Blink, the retirement home for Master Masons, Eastern Star ladies and eligible family members. Located throughout the Grand Lodge are detailed, hand-laid tile storyboards depicting Masonic themes.
Adjacent to the Grand Lodge building is the Freemason's Hall, containing the Maryland Grand Lodge Museum. The museum has the desk that George Washington resigned his commission on, prior to becoming President, a rare Latin Bible from 1482, some jewels and regalia of Maryland's past Grand Masters; the Texas Quarry, near of the intersection of I-83 and Warren Road, dating back to the 19th century, produces limestone and marble, including the marble used in the first phase of construction of the Washington Monument, the whiter portion towards the bottom half of the monument. During the second phase of construction the monument had to be finished using a different-colored stone, most of which came from the Beaver Dam Quarry near the intersection of Beaver Dam Road and McCormick Road. Blocks of local marble were used in 1836 as rail supports in the track bed for the Padonia Road section of the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad. Cockeysville is located at 39°28′24″N 76°37′36″W, north of the Baltimore Beltway along Interstate 83 and York Road.
It is bordered on the east by Loch Raven Reservoir, on the south by Timonium, on the west by rural Baltimore County. Most commercial activity is concentrated along York Road. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.5 square miles, of which 11.4 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles of it is water. The Precambrian, Cambrian, or Ordovician Cockeysville Marble underlies much of Cockeysville and has been quarried there. Cockeysville lies in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone. Summers are hot and humid, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms, last from April through November. July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 75.5 °F. Spring and fall are brief and pleasant. Winters vary from mild to chilly, with lighter rain showers of longer duration and occasional snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of 33.5 °F. Rainfall is abundant and evenly spread throughout the year, with each month averaging around 4 inches of precipitation.
Due to the town's location at a higher elevation in the Piedmont region, temperatures are lower than in the city of Baltimore. Baltimore-Harrisburg Expressway Beaver Dam Road Cranbrook Road McCormick Road Padonia Road Paper Mill Road Shawan Road Tufton Avenue Warren Road York Road The Maryland Transit Administration's Light RailLink line runs through Cockeysville; the Warren Road stop is the stop in the area. Bus Route 93 operates along some other roads in the area; the area used to be served by the Northern Central Railway, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Located on the PRR's Baltimore-Harrisburg mainline, Cockeysville saw the passage of many named interstate passenger trains as late as the 1960s, such as the Liberty Limited and the General to Chicago. President Abraham Lincoln traveled through Cockeysville on the Northern Central Railway en route to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver the Gettysburg Address in 1863. Less than two years on April 21, 1865, Lincoln's funeral train passed through Cockeysville on its way from Washington, D.
C. to his final rest
Interstate 695 (Maryland)
Interstate 695 is a 51.46-mile-long full beltway Interstate Highway extending around Baltimore, United States. I-695 is designated the McKeldin Beltway, but is colloquially referred to as either the Baltimore Beltway or 695; the route is an auxiliary route of I-95, intersecting that route southwest of Baltimore near Arbutus and northeast of the city near White Marsh. It intersects other major roads radiating from the Baltimore area, including I-97 near Glen Burnie, the Baltimore–Washington Parkway near Linthicum, I-70 near Woodlawn, I-795 near Pikesville, I-83 in the Timonium area; the 19.37-mile portion of the Baltimore Beltway between I-95 northeast of Baltimore and I-97 south of Baltimore is MD 695, is not part of the Interstate Highway System, but is signed as I-695. This section of the route includes the Francis Scott Key Bridge that crosses over the Patapsco River; the bridge and its approaches are maintained by the Maryland Transportation Authority while the remainder of the Baltimore Beltway is maintained by the Maryland State Highway Administration.
The Baltimore Beltway was first planned in 1949 by Baltimore County. The length of the route from MD 2 south of Baltimore clockwise to U. S. Route 40 northeast of the city opened in stages from 1955 to 1962, providing an Interstate bypass of Baltimore, it was the first beltway in the United States to be built as part of the Interstate Highway System. Plans were made to finish the remainder of the route, with a diversion to the Windlass Freeway and the Patapsco Freeway, opened in 1973, following the cancellation of a more outer route, to follow what is today MD 702; the Outer Harbor Crossing over the Patapsco River, dedicated to Francis Scott Key, who wrote The Star-Spangled Banner, its approaches were finished in 1977, completing the route around Baltimore. The approaches to the bridge were two lanes to accommodate a tunnel, proposed to run under the river. There are future plans for I-695. In addition, the northeastern interchange with I-95 has been reconstructed in 2014 to accommodate express toll lanes that were added to I-95, construction took place in 2016 to remove I-695's carriageway crossovers here.
Starting at the zero milepost in Baltimore, I-695, which at this point is called MD 695 and is maintained by the Maryland Transportation Authority, is four lanes wide. The route passes over Curtis Creek on a pair of drawbridges here, which have 58 feet of vertical navigational clearance and provide access for tall ships to a U. S. Coast Guard base further upstream. Continuing west through industrial areas into Anne Arundel County, the route encounters the northern terminus of MD 10 at a directional interchange, where maintenance switches to the Maryland State Highway Administration; the interchange includes access to the next interchange, with MD 2, a major north–south route between Baltimore and the southern suburbs, in Glen Burnie. This interchange has access to northbound MD 2 in both directions and from northbound MD 2 to the westbound direction. Beyond MD 2, I-695 encounters I-895 Spur, a short connector to I-895. Past this interchange, I-695 comes to an interchange with the northern terminus of I-97, which terminates on the Beltway.
At this point, the route becomes I-695. The route continues west as a six-lane freeway, it interchanges with MD 648, where 132,330 vehicles travel I-695 every day, before turning northwest and intersecting MD 170 and passing over MTA Maryland's Baltimore Light RailLink. The route encounters the Baltimore–Washington Parkway at a cloverleaf interchange where the route’s signage changes from east–west to north–south at this interchange, it turns more to the north from here and heads into commercial areas, interchanging with MD 168 and Hammonds Ferry Road. Past this interchange, the route crosses the Patapsco River into Baltimore County and soon encounters a partial interchange with I-895 with access only from the southbound direction of I-695 to I-895 northbound and from I-895 southbound to the northbound direction of I-695. Past this interchange, I-695 heads north, interchanging with Hollins Ferry Road in Lansdowne before passing under CSX’s Baltimore Terminal Subdivision and coming to an interchange with US 1 Alt. in Arbutus.
A short distance I-695 comes to a semidirectional interchange with I-95. I-695 widens to nine lanes past interchange with I-95, with five lanes in the southbound direction and four lanes in the northbound direction. Running northwest, it crosses over Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor and comes to a partial interchange with US 1, with a southbound exit and northbound entrance. From here, it continues northwest through residential areas of Catonsville to an interchange with MD 372. Narrowing to eight lanes total, with four lanes in each direction, beyond MD 372, the route continues through suburban neighborhoods before coming to an interchange with MD 144. At this
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Bowleys Quarters, Maryland
Bowleys Quarters is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Baltimore County, United States, with a population of 6,755 at the 2010 census. Bowleys Quarters was named for Daniel Bowley, a merchant and sea captain who owned some 2,000 acres around Baltimore in the mid-18th century. Bowleys Quarters was used to house his slaves; the area became a game preserve for waterfowl and a place where presidents and others, including Babe Ruth, came to hunt ducks. The area became known as a vacation spot, many summer homes were built along the water. Many blue-collar workers were attracted during the industrial boom of the 1920s through the 1950s. Many worked at Bethlehem Steel; the community experienced an economic downturn with downsizing of the Martin facility and other area businesses, Bowleys Quarters became a mix of middle-class homes juxtaposed with modern waterfront homes. Increased interest in waterfront property in the 1990s, combined with the devastation of Hurricane Isabel, has led to revitalization, with some new homes selling for more than $1 million.
Once predominantly populated by low-income to middle-class families, the community is now desirable for waterfront living. In September 2003, Bowleys Quarters was damaged by Hurricane Isabel and the resulting flood. According to The Baltimore Sun, Isabel destroyed 210 houses in Bowleys Quarters and caused major damage to 632 others. Bowleys Quarters is located at 39°19′17″N 76°23′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.1 square miles, of which 3.2 square miles is land and 2.9 square miles, or 47.39%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,314 people, 2,483 households, 1,748 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1,954.8 people per square mile. There were 2,721 housing units at an average density of 842.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.65% White, 6.13% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.
There were 2,483 households, of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.98. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $52,250, the median income for a family was $61,024. Males had a median income of $41,881 versus $27,265 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $23,295. About 5.5% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those ages 65 or over
Lutherville is a census-designated place in Baltimore County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 6,504. Prior to 2010 the area was part of the Lutherville-Timonium CDP. Within its borders lies the Lutherville Historic District. Lutherville is located at 39°25′26″N 76°37′3″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 2.1 square miles, all of it land. The town is located north of Baltimore City along York Road, it is bordered on the north by Timonium, on the west by Interstate 83, on the south by Towson, on the east by the Hampton neighborhood. The boundary between Lutherville and Timonium is Ridgely Road. Lutherville is located in the Piedmont region of the United States, lies in the Humid subtropical climate zone, with hot and humid summers leading into winters that are chilly but not extreme by American standards; the average annual snowfall is 25 inches and average annual rainfall is 42 inches. As of the 2010 census, there were 6,504 people and 2,672 households in the CDP.
The racial makeup of the CDP is 85.0% White, 3.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.2% Asian, 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, 3.3% Hispanic or Latino. Out of the 2,672 households recorded in the 2010 census, 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them. Major roads in Lutherville include: Dulaney Valley Road, forming part of Lutherville's eastern boundary with Hampton Ridgely Road, forming Lutherville's northern boundary with Timonium Seminary Avenue York Road The Maryland Transit Administration's light rail line serves the community with the Lutherville Light Rail Stop. In addition, bus routes 8 and 9 provide regular service along the York Road corridor, meeting at the Lutherville Light Rail Stop. There is a limited amount of bus service on Bus Route 12 along Dulaney Valley Road to Stella Maris Hospice; the MTA light rail line uses the right-of-way of the old Northern Central Railway. During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln travelled through Lutherville on this railroad en route to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863.
Less than two years on April 21, 1865, Lincoln's funeral train passed through Lutherville on its way from Washington, D. C. to his final resting place at Springfield, Illinois. The Pennsylvania Railroad operated long-distance passenger trains from Baltimore over the line to Chicago, St. Louis, Buffalo as late as the 1960s; the former PRR Lutherville freight and passenger station on Railroad Avenue is now a private residence. The oldest section of Lutherville dates back to 1852, when it was founded by two Lutheran ministers as a planned community, anchored by a Lutheran seminary and church; the land was part of the vast Hampton Estate of Charles Ridgely, from whom it was purchased in 1851. The two ministers, John Kurtz and John Morris, named the community after the 16th-century German reformer Martin Luther; the Lutherville Female Seminary, as it was called when chartered in 1853, was built near the tracks of the Baltimore & Susquehanna Railroad, a forerunner of the Northern Central Railway. In 1895, the institution was renamed the Maryland College for Women.
Following a devastating fire in 1911, the college was rebuilt and continued in operation until 1952. Its campus is now College Manor; the Lutherville Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Notable structures, in addition to the old college building and the many Victorian homes, include: St. Paul's Lutheran Church, started in 1856 by John Morris; the present stone sanctuary was built in 1898. St. John's Methodist Church, built in 1869. Church of the Holy Comforter, an Episcopal church built in 1888 Oak Grove, the house of Lutherville founder John Morris, built in 1852 on Morris Avenue Octagon house on Kurtz Avenue, built of concrete in 1855 by another Lutheran minister who served as the town's postmaster. All Time Low, pop punk band Raymond Berry, Baltimore Colts Hall of Famer Ryan Boyle, professional lacrosse player Bosley Crowther, film critic Cinder Road, rock band Divine, actor Samuel Durrance, astronaut/physicist Conor Gill, professional lacrosse player Mark Hamilton, Major League Baseball player Billy Hunter, former Major League Baseball shortstop and manager Phil Karn, internet engineer Santa J. Ono, medical scientist, 28th President, University of Cincinnati.
Talbott, U. S. congressman 1878–1918 Bob Turley, former Major League Baseball pitcher Jerry Turner, television news anchorman Johnny Unitas, former Baltimore Colt and Hall of Famer John Waters, filmmaker Derek Waters, actor & comedian Public schoolsDulaney High School Hampton Elementary School Lutherville Laboratory Elementary School Ridgely Middle SchoolA portion of Lutherville's high school-age students attend nearby Towson High School. Images of Lutherville
Lansdowne is a census-designated place in southern Baltimore County, just south of Baltimore city. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 8,409. At the 2000 census and earlier, the area was delineated as part of the Lansdowne-Baltimore Highlands CDP. In the late 1800s, the Whitaker Iron Company mined for ore in Lansdowne. Abandoned pits from the mining were filled up by underground springs creating small lakes. Lansdowne was farmland, including the Kessler farm, MacLeod farm and Wades farm; when the railroad came, Lansdowne became known as a B&O town. Most people worked for the B&O; the first station was named Coursey Station. The Coursey Station senior housing center takes its name from this; the two main roads were Hammonds Ferry Road and Hollins Ferry Road, both of which led to the Patapsco River where you could take a ferry across to the other side. Early churches included the Lutheran Church of Our Savior, St. Clements Catholic Church, Lansdowne United Methodist Church, Lansdowne Christian Church and the First Baptist Church.
The Hull Memorial Christian Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. The site of the original wooden school house was on the property, now St. Clements. In the 1950s housing developments sprang up in the Riverview area, new schools were built for these neighborhoods; the Lansdowne Elementary School, Lansdowne Middle School and Lansdowne Senior High were known as the "Golden Education Triangle." In the early 1960s the B&O closed the railroad crossing and Lansdowne Boulevard was constructed, connecting Lansdowne to Washington Boulevard, bridging over the railroad tracks. A tunnel was constructed under the tracks for pedestrian crossing. However, the railroad crossing divided the community into two separate parts; some old railroad cars were erected as a museum and shopping area alongside Hammonds Ferry Road and the railroad tracks. In the 1980s Baltimore County Recreation and Parks opened a large parcel of land for public use. Southwest Area Park is located on the Patapsco River, just below Baltimore Highlands.
A small library was built on Third Avenue. In 1993, the Lansdowne Library was closed due to budget cutbacks; the building is now used as the Police Athletic League Center. In 1989 the Lansdowne/Baltimore Highlands Senior Center was built directly behind the Library building; the library reopened on April 2006 with much support from the Lansdowne Improvement Association. The Lansdowne Improvement Association has been instrumental in much community support and beautification. With a grant from Baltimore Community Foundation they were able to have a gateway sign installed welcoming visitors to the community of Lansdowne as well as Baltimore Highlands and Riverview. On November 5, 2007, Lansdowne Station opened, a business and retail center located on Washington Boulevard, it features a Walmart Supercenter, Office Depot, small retail shops and pizza restaurants as well as an office complex. Lansdowne is located at 39°14′35″N 76°39′30″W, it is bounded to the northeast by the border of Baltimore City, to the northwest by the former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, separating the area from Arbutus to the west, to the south by the Patapsco River, which forms the boundary with Anne Arundel County, to the east by the Baltimore–Washington Parkway, separating Lansdowne from Baltimore Highlands to the east.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.4 square miles, of which 2.3 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 5.30%, is water. Lansdowne Road is a main road; the road starts at Hollins Ferry Road and travels west past Lansdowne High School to Hammonds Ferry Road to Washington Boulevard. The road starts at Halethorpe Farms Road in the Halethorpe area and proceeds east across I-695 crosses the Baltimore line after passing Lansdowne Road/Daisy Avenue to Patapsco Avenue, ending at US-1/Washington Boulevard. Hammonds Ferry Road starts at Andover Road in Linthicum Heights in Anne Arundel County travels north, crossing the county line into Lansdowne and passing under the Baltimore Beltway and the Harbor Tunnel Thruway, it hits Hollins Ferry Road and continues until it reaches Caton Avenue/Patapsco Avenue. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,409 people, 3,057 households, 2,132 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 3,513 people per square mile.
There were 3,255 housing units, at an average density of 1,415.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 67.0% White, 23.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.7 some other race, 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.7% of the population. There were 3,057 households, out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were headed by married couples living together, 28.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75, the average family size was 3.21. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
Lansdowne Improvement Association
Interstate 83 is an Interstate Highway in the Eastern United States. Its southern terminus is in Maryland at a signalized intersection with Fayette Street. Most of the route south of Lemoyne, Pennsylvania is a direct replacement of U. S. Route 111, a former spur of US 11; the Jones Falls Expressway, known to local residents as the JFX, is a 10.2-mile-long freeway that carries I-83 from downtown Baltimore to the northern suburbs. It is the area's true north–south artery, because I-95 runs east–west through the city, its southern terminus is at Fayette Street, its northern terminus is at Maryland Route 25, just north of the Baltimore Beltway. Inside Baltimore, the road is maintained not by the Maryland State Highway Administration, which controls most freeways in the state, but by the city's Department of Transportation; the freeway begins at an at-grade four-way intersection between the Jones Falls Expressway, Fayette Street, President Street, located in close proximity to the Phoenix Shot Tower.
President Street continues south along the eastern edge of the central business district to terminate at a traffic circle in Harbor East. Fayette Street serves as an access route into the downtown area. Passing beneath the Orleans Street Viaduct, the JFX runs north, passing near the Washington Monument. Between Exits 3 and 4, there is a 90-degree turn that sometimes requires motorists to slow down just before entering it, with an advisory speed posted at 40 miles per hour; the curve is located between the Guilford Preston Street overpasses. Within the curve, the southbound JFX interchanges with MD 2, with an exit to St. Paul Street and an entrance from Charles Street. Having passed this curve, the JFX begins to parallel MD 25, going under the Howard Street Bridge and interchanging with Maryland Avenue and North Avenue before continuing north past Druid Lake, forming the northeastern boundary of Druid Hill Park. Running northwest out of the city center, the JFX is paralleled by its namesake river, the Jones Falls, on one side, MTA Maryland's Baltimore Light RailLink line on the other.
Closer to downtown, the light rail line peels off in a different direction, while the Falls flows directly underneath the elevated freeway. After interchanging with Cold Spring Lane and Northern Parkway, the JFX exits Baltimore, entering Baltimore County. Passing close to Mt. Washington Pediatric Hospital, Mount Saint Agnes College, Jones Falls Park, the route skirts the edge of Robert E. Lee Park before interchanging with Ruxton Road just south of the Baltimore Beltway. At the Beltway, I-83 leaves the JFX and joins I-695 for a distance of 1.4 miles, where it separates from the latter route to continue onward into northern Maryland. Meanwhile, the JFX continues for another 0.5 miles in a four-lane divided format before terminating at an at-grade intersection with MD 25 Falls Road. I-83 and I-695 split off at the southern terminus of the Baltimore-Harrisburg Expressway, I-695 continues its eastward trek towards Towson and Parkville. After separating from the Beltway, I-83 is now known as the Baltimore-Harrisburg Expressway.
Running due north away from the Beltway, the route parallels MD 45 York Road, the former route of US 111. Passing to the west of Timonium and Cockeysville, I-83 leaves the suburban belt around Baltimore and enters rural Baltimore County just north of Hunt Valley at Shawan Road. I-83 and MD 45 continue to parallel one another through the northern portion of the county, with MD 45 crossing over I-83 once, at an interchange; this segment of I-83 has several sections with higher than usual gradients. The only major settlement encountered by I-83 along this stretch is Monkton, reached via MD 137. To the west of I-83, MD 137 connects with the northern terminus of MD 25, I-83's former companion to the south; the Interstate crosses the Mason–Dixon line into York County, Pennsylvania, 25 miles north of Baltimore, mere feet from a partial interchange with Freeland Road and parallel with MD 45. Throughout Pennsylvania, I-83 is named the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States Memorial Highway. I-83 enters Pennsylvania crossing the Mason–Dixon line and passing to the east of Shrewsbury, runs due north towards York.
The route bypasses the boroughs of Jacobus before entering the city of York. I-83 has a business route through downtown York, known as Interstate 83 Business; the business route follows the former path of US 111, while I-83 turns northeast and north again to bypass the urban area. Near Pennsylvania Route 462, the Lincoln Highway, the interstate turns west for a short distance north again to interchange with US 30. Beyond US 30, I-83 resumes its straight path, running due north out of York and passing to the west of Emigsville. North of Pennsylvania Route 297, I-83 is known as the Susquehanna Expressway, it maintains this name as it passes to the south and west of Valley Green, continuing north towards Harrisburg. South of Harrisburg, I-83 interchanges with the Pennsylvania Turnpike. North of I-76, I-83 continues due north, passing through New Cumberland, before an interchange with PA 581 in Lemoyne. After the interchange with PA 581, I-83 is known as the Capital Beltway; the highway turns due east and crosses the Susquehanna River over the John Harris Bridge, south of Harrisburg's central business district, passing through Paxtang before encountering I-283 and US 322 at the Eisenhower Interchange.
Within the interchange, I-83 exits from itself, with each