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Brooks Falls

Brooks Falls is a waterfall located within Katmai National Park and Preserve in Alaska. Located on the Brooks River a mile and a half from Brooks Lake and an equal distance from Naknek Lake, the falls are famous for watching salmon leap over the 6 foot falls to get to their Brooks Lake spawning grounds. Large populations of brown bears called grizzly bears, are attracted to feed on the spawning salmon. Brown bears congregate at the falls in July and early September, many well-known photos of bears have been taken there. July witnesses the greatest concentrations of bears of any month at the falls. In September, a smaller number of bears can be seen at the falls to feast on the salmon runs. Before the 1950s, when Brooks Camp was opened, there were fewer bears at the falls than there are today, no more than 6-7 bears could be observed at one time. Since hunting was allowed, bear numbers were lower and salmon and sport fishing was the primary attraction to the falls. Now, with hunting banned and viewing controlled, bear numbers have boomed to quadruple their former number.

The site's archaeological human remnants date back some 9,000 years, some of the oldest human remains in North America. Since the site is not far from the Bering Land Bridge, it is quite possible that some of the first humans from Russia made villages here. Native Americans still continue to harvest food caches and live their own ways of life at a site not far from the falls known as the Old Savonoski Site. Despite all the old artifacts near the falls, most attention continues to focus on the bears and salmon; as many as 43 bears have been sighted at the falls in a single day. In 1921, Kidawik Creek was renamed Brooks River, Toms Lake renamed Brooks Lake. A controversial "stream improvement" was implemented in 1920 by the United States Bureau of Fisheries, when they cut a 10 foot gap on the south bank of the river, widened to 15 feet the next year. Between 1948 and 1950, the bureau, by reorganized into the United States Department of the Interior′s Fish and Wildlife Service, built a fish ladder in the gap as part of its "landscape improvements."

In 1974, the NPS in 1986, placed sandbags to block salmon access. The Alaska Department of Fish and Game opposed a 1987 NPS proposal to dismantle the ladder, the structure remains, though not used. A seasonal weir for counting salmon, was constructed in 1940 by the bureau, across the outlet of Brooks Lake at Brooks River; this was replaced by a permanent one in 1952. The bureau, renamed the National Marine Fisheries Service, transferred ownership of the weir to the NPS in 1978. Upward Sun River site NPS Brooks Falls Bearcam

Crossover (Adventure Time)

"Crossover" is the twenty-third episode of the seventh season of the American animated television series Adventure Time. The episode was written and storyboarded by Sam Alden and Jesse Moynihan, from an outline by showrunner Adam Muto, Jack Pendarvis, head writer Kent Osborne; the episode, which debuted on January 28, 2016 on Cartoon Network, guest stars Kumail Nanjiani as Prismo, Lou Ferrigno as Bobby, James Kyson as Big Destiny. The series follows the adventures of Finn, a human boy, his best friend and adoptive brother Jake, a dog with magical powers to change shape and grow and shrink at will. In this episode and Jake crossover into Farmworld to stop Farmworld-Finn and the Jake-Lich from using an alternate version of the Enchiridion to open up doorways into all dimensions. After a long and drawn-out battle, Finn and Farmworld-Finn team up to stop the Jake-Lich. Finn and Jake are able to use a magical device given to them by Prismo to remove the essence of the Lich from Farmworld Jake, returning Farmworld to normal.

"Crossover" was the first of several seventh-season episodes that Alden would work on. Moynihan focused part of his attention on making sure that this episode would line up with the logic established in the fifth-season episode "Finn the Human" regarding alternate realities. Upon its airing, the episode was seen by 1.13 million viewers. It received positive reviews from critics, with several praising Nanjiani's voice work, as well as the aesthetic and design of the episode itself. In the fourth-season finale, "The Lich", the series' main villain, the Lich, manages to open a portal to access the time room of Prismo. In the fifth-season premiere, "Finn the Human", it is revealed that Prismo is a being that can grant wishes, the Lich wishes for all life in the multiverse to be extinguished. Finn and Jake enter Prismo's time room, to undo the Lich's cataclysmic request, Finn wishes that "the Lich never ever existed". Finn is transported into a new "wish-altered reality", dubbed "Farmworld". In this version of Ooo, magic has been lost and the essence of the Lich was never released into the world via the detonation of a "mutagenic bomb".

Furthermore, in this reality, Finn lives with a non-magical dog named Jake. During the course of "Finn the Human", Finn finds a magical artifact; when he puts it on, he releases the essence of the Lich, re-introduces magic into the world. In "Jake the Dog", still stuck in Prismo's time room after Finn is teleported to Farmworld wishes that the Lich's original request had been for "Finn and Jake to go home". With Jake's wish to undo what both the Lich and Finn wished for, Prismo believes that everything has been reset. Prismo reveals that Farmworld is still in existence. Prismo is powerless to stop this from occurring, so he sends Finn and Jake to Farmworld with a device called "The Maid", which will clean up "all class-A inter-dimensional bung-ups." Once in the Farmworld universe and Jake discover that Farmworld-Finn has frozen all of that reality's humans in order to "save them". It is revealed that the Jake-Lich has been possessing Big Destiny, gathering up the jewels needed to activate the Farmworld-version of the Enchiridion, so as to open up a portal to the multiverse.

Finn and Jake are discovered, the portal is opened. Just as the Jake-Lich is about to kill Jake, Finn's grass-arm activates. Farmworld-Finn realizes he has been used by Jake-Lich, he teams up with Finn and Jake; the portal is closed, Finn manages to use The Maid to remove the Lich's essence from Farmworld-Jake's body. With their work complete and Jake are taken back to Prismo's time room. Out of pity for his alternate reality self, Finn convinces Prismo to destroy Farmworld's ice crown, allowing Farmworld-Finn to reunite with his family. Finn despondently watches this transpire; the story for "Crossover" was developed by showrunner Adam Muto, Jack Pendarvis, lead writer Kent Osborne. Sam Alden and Jesse Moynihan collaborated on the storyboard, submitted for network approval May 18, 2015, animated by Rough Draft Studios in South Korea. Supervising direction for the episode was carried out by Andres Salaff, whereas Sandra Lee handled the episode's art direction; this was Alden and Moynihan's first episode together since the sixth season episode "The Mountain".

The episode sees the return of guest stars Ron Perlman, Kumail Nanjiani, James Kyson. The episode features Lou Ferrigno as Bobby, the Farmworld-version of the hero Billy; some scenes in this episode reference other media works. According to Pendarvis, the visual appearance of the Jake-Lich was based on a scene from Invasion of the Body Snatchers, which featured a mutant dog with a man's face. During the episode's final scene, Farmworld Finn's father is seen emerging out of a block of ice. Alden revealed on Twitter that he had storyboarded this sequence to mirror a similar scene in "Escape from the Citadel", storyboarded by Steve Wolfhard, which featured Finn's father Martin emerging from a crystal prison cell, it was Alden's intention

Giovanni Invernizzi (rower)

Giovanni Invernizzi was an Italian rower who competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics and in the 1952 Summer Olympics. He was born in Mandello del Lario in 1926. A worker at the Italian motorbike manufacturer Moto Guzzi based at their plant in Mandello del Lario, he became a member of the company's rowing team, Canottieri Moto Guzzi. A coxless four was formed with Giuseppe Moioli, Elio Morille and Franco Faggi; the first time they left their home training ground, Lake Como, was when they travelled to the 1947 European Rowing Championships in Lucerne, Switzerland. Little known in rowing circles, they unexpectedly won the gold medal in their boat class; the four were to dominate this boat class until 1952, continuously winning all races they rowed including all heats. In 1948 he was a crew member of the Italian boat which won the gold medal in the coxless fours event. Four years he was eliminated with the Italian boat in the semi-final repechage of the coxless four competition, he died in Abbadia Lariana in 1986.

Giovanni Invernizzi at the International Olympic Committee