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Brother Jonathan

Brother Jonathan is the personification of New England. He was used as an emblem of the U. S. in general, can be an allegory of capitalism. The epithet "Brother Jonathan" was one for the U. S. and not just New England. Brother Jonathan soon became a stock fictional character, developed as a good-natured parody of all New England during the early American Republic, he was popularized by the weekly newspaper Brother Jonathan and the humor magazine Yankee Notions. Brother Jonathan was depicted in editorial cartoons and patriotic posters outside New England as a long-winded New Englander who dressed in striped trousers, somber black coat, stove-pipe hat. Inside New England, "Brother Jonathan" was depicted as an enterprising and active businessman who blithely boasted of Yankee conquests for the Universal Yankee Nation. After 1865, the garb of Brother Jonathan was emulated by Uncle Sam, a common personification of the continental government of the United States; the term dates at least to the 17th century, when it was applied to Puritan roundheads during the English Civil War.

It came to include residents of colonial New England, who were Puritans in support of the Parliamentarians during the war. It is derived from the Biblical words spoken by David after the death of his friend Jonathan, "I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan"; as Kenneth Hopper and William Hopper put it, "Used as a term of abuse for their... Puritan opponents by Royalists during the English Civil War, it was applied by British officers to the rebellious colonists during the American Revolution". A popular folk tale about the origin of the term holds that the character is derived from Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of the State of Connecticut, the main source of supplies for the Northern and Middle Departments during the American Revolutionary War, it is said that George Washington uttered the words, "We must consult Brother Jonathan," when asked how he could win the war. That origin is doubtful, however, as neither man made reference to the story during his lifetime and the first appearance of the story has been traced to the mid-19th century, long after their deaths.

The character was adopted by citizens of New England from 1783 to 1815, when Brother Jonathan became a nickname for any Yankee sailor, similar to the way that G. I. is used to describe members of the U. S. Army; the term "Uncle Sam" is thought to date to the War of 1812. Uncle Sam appeared in newspapers from 1813 to 1815, in 1816 he appeared in a book; the weekly newspaper Brother Jonathan was first published in 1842, issued out of New York, it exposed North America to the character named "Brother Jonathan". Yankee Notions, or Whittlings of Jonathan's Jack-Knife was a high-quality humor magazine, first published in 1852, that used the stock character to lampoon Yankee acquisitiveness and other peculiarities. It, was issued out of New York, a rival with neighboring New England before the Civil War, it was a popular periodical with a large circulation, people both inside and outside New England enjoyed it as good-natured entertainment. Such jokes were copied in newspapers as far away as California, where natives encountered Yankee ships and peddlers, inspiring Yankee impersonations in comedy burlesques.

Brother Jonathan: or, the New Englanders was the title of a book released in three volumes by John Neal. It was published in Edinburgh, illustrating the impact that the crafty New England character had on British literature. Around the same time, the New England-based Know Nothing Party, which Yankee Notions lampooned, was divided into two camps—the moderate Jonathans and the radical Sams. Uncle Sam came to replace Brother Jonathan, the victors applied "Yankee" to all of the country by the end of the century, after the "Yankee" section had won the American Civil War. "Uncle Sam" was applied to the Federal government. Uncle Sam came to represent the United States as a whole over the course of the late 19th century, supplanting Brother Jonathan. According to an article in the 1893 The Lutheran Witness, Brother Jonathan and Uncle Sam were different names for the same person: "When we meet him in politics we call him Uncle Sam. Here of late Uncle Sam alias Brother Jonathan has been doing a powerful lot of complaining, hardly doing anything else."

The phrase "We must consult Brother Jonathan" appears on the graduation certificates of Yale University's Trumbull College named for Trumbull. Some members of the Jonathan Club, a private social club headquartered in downtown Los Angeles, believe their club was named after Jonathan Trumbull or "Brother Jonathan." However, the club was formed in 1895, the true inspiration for its name is lost to history. John Bull Marianne Johnny Reb Uncle Sam Columbia Yankee 1862 Harper's Weekly Brother Jonathan Cartoon The Diverting History of John Bull and Brother Jonathan - complete 1827 text w. illustrations


The Feldbergrennen was an automobile and motorcycle race which took place between 1920 and 1954 on various courses in the field of the Großer Feldberg, 879 m above sea level in Hesse, Germany. The Feldbergrennen took place annually in 1920–1928, 1934–1936, 1950–1954, in various motorcycle and automobile classes. In 1921, the route began at the point called "Hohe Mark" and ended at the point called "Sanplacken". From 1921 until 1935, the length of the route remained at 8.45 km. Since 1935, the circuit was increased by 3.2 km, reaching a total of 11.67 km in length. The winner of the race in 1928 was Hans Stuck, driving a car manufactured by Austro-Daimler. Other winners at the Feldberg race from the 1930s included Paul Pietsch with an Alfa Romeo as well as Hans Stuck and Bernd Rosemeyer with an Auto Union. Racing activity resumed on 1 October 1950 with an 11.67 km circuit and finishing in the east of Oberreifenberg. At that time all top-class German riders competed, including the DKW-drivers Hermann Paul Müller and Ewald Kluge.

Walter Glöckler won in a self-made car with a VW engine in the sports-car class up to 1,100 cm3. The races from 1951 to 1954 included runs of the German Motorcycle Championship. About 100,000 spectators attended the event each year; the Feldbergrennen on 18 July 1954 was an internationally announced German Championship race for motorcycles. The NSU team did not attend, but NSU-models dominated with drivers on the NSU Max in the class up to 250 cm3. Walter Reichert from Ingelheim am Rhein won the race over 13 laps or 151.68 km in 1:25:56.7 hours, averaging 105.0 km/h. The class to 350 cm3 was dominated by August Hobl on DKW, averaging 112.4 km/h, before three Australians with Norton. Jack Ahearn won the 500 rotary Solo class on a Norton, averaging 112.6 km/h, ahead of another Norton and Walter Zeller on a BMW. World Champion Eric Oliver from England crashed during the sidecar race, so that the first four places went to BMW, the number one to Wilhelm Noll and Fritz Cron, with an average 105.2 km/h, followed by Fritz Hillebrand and Manfred Grunwald, Willi Faust and Karl Remmert, Walter Schneider and Hans Bouquet.

50,000 spectators watched the Feldberg race in poor weather conditions, starting with the 125 cm3 class and the victory of Horst Fügner from Chemnitz on an IFA, while Karl Lottes on MV Agusta finished second ahead of Erhart Krumpholz on another IFA. In 1955, the Supreme Motorcycle Sports Commission demanded the conversion of part of the track; as a result of the 1955 Le Mans disaster, many motor sport events throughout Europe were canceled or suspended. Conversion of the Feldberg track was never completed and its races came to an end. Georg Meier holds the Feldberg lap record on a BMW with an average speed of 119.1 km/h. Rühl, Holger: Die Feldbergrennen im Taunus 1904–1954 – Die Deutsche TT 1950–1954. Motorsportverlag, Weilrod-Finsternthal im Taunus 2009 Rühl, Holger: Die Automobil-Rennen im Taunus 1904–1926. Societäts-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-7973-0881-7. Steber, Rudolf: Zwischen Start und Ziel – legendäre Rennstrecken in Hessen. Burgwald-Verlag, Cölbe-Schönstadt 2010, ISBN 978-3-936291-45-2.


Bishop Union High School

Bishop Union High School is a public high school in Bishop, California. It is part of the Bishop Unified School District; the school is located at 301 North Fowler Street. The current principal is Derick Moisant and the vice principal is David Kalk; the superintendent is Barry Simpson. There are thirty-nine teachers at Bishop Union. Classes at the school run from 8:15 am to 2:25 pm on Mondays and 8:15 am to 3:20 pm Tuesdays through Fridays. A bilingual program is offered through the guidance office. Bishop Union High School has a current enrollment of 700 students. Enrollment figures in the late 1970s and into the 1990s hovered around 1,000 students; the nearby Union Carbide mine closure, coupled with the City of Los Angeles ownership of most the land around Bishop, therefore controlling community development, caused Bishop schools to suffer a downturn in enrollment in the late 1990s and into the 2000s. Developmentp://</ref"Bishop Union High School."

Bishop Joint Union High School District. Web. Retrieved 2012-04-22. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2012-04-22. CS1 maint: archived copy as title </ref> The Bishop Union Broncos compete in the High Desert League of the CIF Central Section. Twelve different varsity sports are offered. In the mid-1990s the Broncos competed in the Southern California Desert Inyo League, which became the High Desert League. For several decades, the Broncos competed with rival schools Paraclete and Tehachapi in sports. However, both Burroughs and Tehachapi grew larger than Bishop and they moved on to larger divisions. In 2010, the Broncos beat the Boron Bobcats 30-22 to win the CIF Southern Section Football Championship. In 2019, the Broncos beat Orosi 34-7 to win the CIF Central Section Division 6 Championship; the Broncos have advanced to the CIF State Bowl game for Division 6A. In 2013, the High Desert League moved from the California Southern Section to the California Central Section.

Bishop Union supports a successful Mathletes team. Bishop Union High School website MaxPreps Website

Members of the Tasmanian House of Assembly, 1856–1861

This is a list of members of the Tasmanian House of Assembly between the inaugural 1856 elections and the 1861 elections. 1 In January 1857, William Crooke, the member for Franklin, resigned. John Balfe won the resulting by-election on 27 February 1857. 2 In May 1857, William Weston, the member for Ringwood, resigned to contest the Longford seat in the Legislative Council. Robert Kermode was elected unopposed on 20 May 1857. 3 In May 1857, William Champ, one of the three members for Launceston and Tasmania's first Premier, resigned. John Crookes won the resulting by-election on 8 June 1857. 4 In August 1857, Adye Douglas, one of the three members for Launceston, resigned.. James Matthews won the resulting by-election on 11 September 1857. 5 In October 1857, John Rogers, one of the three members for Launceston, resigned. Alexander Clerke won the resulting by-election on 16 November 1857. 6 On 11 May 1859, the member for Norfolk Plains, resigned. John Archer won the resulting by-election on 6 June 1859.

7 In June 1859, Robert Nutt, one of the five members for Hobart Town, resigned. Robert Adams won the by-election on 30 June 1859. 8 In mid-1859, Robert Kermode, the member for Ringwood, resigned. Frederick Houghton won the resulting by-election on 5 July 1859. 9 In July 1859, Alfred Nicholas, the member for Kingborough, resigned. Frederick Lipscombe won the resulting by-election on 1 August 1859. 10 In October 1859, Henry Anstey, the member for Oatlands, resigned. James MacLanachan was elected unopposed on 11 November 1859. 11 In April 1860, James Gibson, the member for Devon, resigned. William Archer was elected unopposed on 4 May 1860. 12 In April 1860, Alexander Clerke, one of the three members for Launceston, resigned. Joseph Cohen was elected unopposed on 24 May 1860. 13 On 26 June 1860, the member for Sorell resigned. George Marshall was elected unopposed on 2 July 1860. 14 In June 1860, Ronald Gunn, the member for Selby, resigned. Isaac Sherwin was elected unopposed on 13 July 1860. 15 On 1 November 1860, Francis Smith, the member for Fingal.

Resigned on being appointed as a Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Tasmania. Francis von Steiglitz won the resulting by-election on 6 December 1860. Ministerial by-elections M1 On 1 November 1856, William Champ formed a new Ministry, with himself as Premier and Colonial Secretary, Francis Smith as Attorney General, Thomas Chapman as Colonial Treasurer and Henry Anstey as Secretary for Lands and Works. All four were therefore required to resign and contest ministerial by-elections, at which they were all returned. M2 On 26 February 1857, Thomas Gregson formed a new Ministry, with himself as Premier and Colonial Secretary, Charles Meredith as Colonial Treasurer and John Gregson as Attorney-General. All three were therefore required to resign and contest ministerial by-elections, at which they were all returned. M3 On 25 April 1857, William Weston formed a new four-member Ministry, three of whom were members of the House of Assembly. At the ministerial by-elections which followed, all were returned except Francis Smith, one of the five members for Hobart Town, defeated by William Boys on 5 May 1857.

However, he was able to nominate for the seat of Fingal, vacated by Frederick von Steiglitz, at which he was returned unopposed on 18 May 1857. Re-elected members R1 In December 1857, Maxwell Miller, one of the five members for Hobart Town, resigned, he was re-elected at the resulting by-election on 18 December 1857. R2 In February 1858, Edward Abbott, the member for Clarence, resigned, he was re-elected at the resulting by-election on 22 March 1858. R3 In November 1858, John Balfe, the member for Franklin, resigned, he was re-elected at the resulting by-election on 21 December 1858. R4 In January 1857, Alfred Nicholas, the member for Kingborough, resigned, he was returned unopposed on 19 January 1857. Newman, Terry. Representation of the Tasmanian People. Tasmanian Parliamentary Library. ISBN 0-7246-4147-5. Parliament of Tasmania; the Parliament of Tasmania from 1856


Youmanity is a registered charity founded in London in June 2008, designed to celebrate multiculturalism, support social integration and promote human rights. It does this by delivering a number of cultural projects every year, including an annual photography award. Previous awards explored themes such as human trafficking, social identity, freedom of expression, gender discrimination. To date, Youmanity has received the patronage of the Imperial War Museum, Amnesty International, the British Council, the European Commission, the International Organisation for Migration. List of European art awards Social Equality Social integration Cultural diversity Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions Ethnic groups of the United Kingdom Social exclusion Discrimination Inclusion Minority group The Charity Commission Official launch of Youmanity The Royal Photographic Society King's College, London IOM Geneva Amnesty International Imperial War Museum The Guardian Time OutNotes official website

Minnesota United FC Reserves

Established in 2013, Minnesota United FC Reserves were an American professional soccer club based in Woodbury, Minnesota who played in the Premier League of America. The team served as a development squad for their parent club, Minnesota United FC member of the North American Soccer League. Upon the establishment of the Reserve team in 2013, the head coach of the Minnesota United FC main team, Manny Lagos stressed that the primary mission of forming the new team would be building a stronger foundation for and raising competitiveness within the first team: "We want to continue to grow the vision of what the club can be. Having a Reserve team is a big piece of developing potential local players but keep the first team competitive; when you have something like this it can grow into a lot of different areas but it’s about building this club the right way so we can be strong and have a great culture for the future," Manny said. In the NPSL the Twin Cities Derby was contested between Minnesota United FC Reserves and Minnesota Twin Stars.

After moving to the PLA the derby continues between the Reserves and Minneapolis City SC. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Andy Seidel – Head Coach Chris Brisson – Assistant Coach Official team site @MNUFCReserves Bielenberg Sports Center NPSL Website: Minnesota United FC Reserves Profile The Loon Call: Reserves