Arthur Boyd Houghton
Arthur Boyd Houghton was a British painter and illustrator. Houghton was born in Kotagiri, India, his work was varied and was regarded during the mid-19th century. He traveled to America and Russia, creating illustrations for The Graphic and for numerous books, including The Arabian Nights and Don Quixote, his work was influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. He played a leading role in the renaissance of wood-engraved illustration during the golden decade of English book illustration, when a new school of artists overcame the limitations of the medium. Influenced by the idealism of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, he imbued both his paintings and drawings with a haunting blend of poetic realism, he was the fourth son of Captain John Michael Houghton, who served in the East India Company's Marine as a draughtsman. Laurence Housman produced a selection from his work, dedication to the artist’s daughter Mrs E. C. Davis.. Paul Hogarth wrote a monograph. Work by this artist is held within various public collections including Tate Britain in London.
Houghton is best known for wood-engravings but produced a number of oil paintings and watercolours, many of his wife and children. He wrote a little poetry, published in his lifetime; when still a child, a shot fired from a toy cannon left him blind in one eye, unable to sustain his concentration when painting large works for exhibition at the Royal Academy. He died in London
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
James Abbott McNeill Whistler was an American artist, active during the American Gilded Age and based in the United Kingdom. He was averse to sentimentality and moral allusion in painting, was a leading proponent of the credo "art for art's sake", his famous signature for his paintings was in the shape of a stylized butterfly possessing a long stinger for a tail. The symbol was apt, for it combined both aspects of his personality: his art is characterized by a subtle delicacy, while his public persona was combative, he found a parallel between painting and music and entitled many of his paintings "arrangements", "harmonies", "nocturnes", emphasizing the primacy of tonal harmony. His most famous painting is Arrangement in Black No. 1 known as Whistler's Mother, the revered and parodied portrait of motherhood. Whistler influenced the art world and the broader culture of his time with his artistic theories and his friendships with leading artists and writers. James Abbott Whistler was born in Lowell, Massachusetts on July 11, 1834, the first child of Anna McNeill Whistler and George Washington Whistler, the brother of Confederate surgeon Dr. William McNeill Whistler.
His father was a railroad engineer, Anna was his second wife. James lived the first three years of his life in a modest house at 243 Worthen Street in Lowell; the house is now the Whistler House Museum of a museum dedicated to him. He claimed St. Petersburg, Russia as his birthplace during the Ruskin trial: "I shall be born when and where I want, I do not choose to be born in Lowell."The family moved from Lowell to Stonington, Connecticut in 1837, where his father worked for the Stonington Railroad. Three of the couple's children died in infancy during this period, their fortunes improved in 1839 when his father became chief engineer for the Boston & Albany Railroad, the family built a mansion in Springfield, Massachusetts where the Wood Museum of History now stands.) They lived in Springfield until they left the United States in late 1842. Nicholas I of Russia learned of George Whistler's ingenuity in engineering the Boston & Albany Railroad, he offered him a position in 1842 engineering a railroad from St. Petersburg to Moscow, the family moved from to St. Petersburg in the winter of 1842/43.
Whistler was a moody child prone to fits of temper and insolence, he drifted into periods of laziness after bouts of illness. His parents discovered that drawing settled him down and helped focus his attention. In years, he played up his mother's connection to the American South and its roots, he presented himself as an impoverished Southern aristocrat, although it remains unclear to what extent he sympathized with the Southern cause during the American Civil War, he adopted his mother's maiden name. Beginning in 1842, his father was employed to work on a railroad in Russia. After moving to St. Petersburg to join his father a year the young Whistler took private art lessons enrolled in the Imperial Academy of Arts at age eleven; the young artist followed the traditional curriculum of drawing from plaster casts and occasional live models, reveled in the atmosphere of art talk with older peers, pleased his parents with a first-class mark in anatomy. In 1844, he met the noted artist Sir William Allan, who came to Russia with a commission to paint a history of the life of Peter the Great.
Whistler's mother noted in her diary, "the great artist remarked to me'Your little boy has uncommon genius, but do not urge him beyond his inclination.'"In 1847-48, his family spent some time in London with relatives, while his father stayed in Russia. Whistler's brother-in-law Francis Haden, a physician, an artist, spurred his interest in art and photography. Haden took Whistler to visit collectors and to lectures, gave him a watercolor set with instruction. Whistler was imagining an art career, he began to collect books on art and he studied other artists' techniques. When his portrait was painted by Sir William Boxall in 1848, the young Whistler exclaimed that the portrait was "very much like me and a fine picture. Mr. Boxall is a beautiful colourist... It is a beautiful creamy surface, looks so rich." In his blossoming enthusiasm for art, at fifteen, he informed his father by letter of his future direction, "I hope, dear father, you will not object to my choice." His father, died from cholera at the age of forty-nine, the Whistler family moved back to his mother's hometown of Pomfret, Connecticut.
His art plans remained vague and his future uncertain. The family managed to get by on a limited income, his cousin reported that Whistler at that time was "slight, with a pensive, delicate face, shaded by soft brown curls... he had a somewhat foreign appearance and manner, aided by natural abilities, made him charming at that age." Whistler was sent to Christ Church Hall School with his mother's hopes that he would become a minister. Whistler was without his sketchbook and was popular with his classmates for his caricatures. However, it became clear that a career in religion did not suit him, so he applied to the United States Military Academy at West Point, where his father had taught drawing and other relatives had attended, he was admitted to the selective institution in July 1851 on the strength of his family name, despite his extreme nearsightedness and poor health history. However, during his three years there, his grades were satisfactory, he was a sorry sight at drill and dress, known as "Curly" for his hair length which exceeded regulations.
Whistler bucked authority, spouted sarcastic comments, racked up deme
William Holman Hunt
William Holman Hunt was an English painter and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. His paintings were notable for their great attention to detail, vivid color, elaborate symbolism; these features were influenced by the writings of John Ruskin and Thomas Carlyle, according to whom the world itself should be read as a system of visual signs. For Hunt it was the duty of the artist to reveal the correspondence between fact. Of all the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Hunt remained most true to their ideals throughout his career, he was always keen to maximize the popular public visibility of his works. William Holman Hunt changed his surname from "Hobman Hunt" to Holman Hunt when he discovered that a clerk had misspelled the name after his baptism at the Anglican church of Saint Mary the Virgin, England. After entering the Royal Academy art schools, having been rejected, Hunt rebelled against the influence of its founder Sir Joshua Reynolds, he formed the Pre-Raphaelite movement in 1848, after meeting the poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
Along with John Everett Millais they sought to revitalise art by emphasising the detailed observation of the natural world in a spirit of quasi-religious devotion to truth. This religious approach was influenced by the spiritual qualities of medieval art, in opposition to the alleged rationalism of the Renaissance embodied by Raphael, he had many pupils including Robert Braithwaite Martineau. Hunt married twice. After a failed engagement to his model Annie Miller, he married Fanny Waugh, who modelled for the figure of Isabella; when she died in childbirth in Italy, he sculpted her tomb at Fiesole, having it brought down to the English Cemetery in Florence, beside the tomb of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. He had a close connection with St. Mark's Church in Florence, paid for the communion chalice inscribed in memory of his wife, his second wife, was Fanny's sister. At the time it was illegal in Great Britain to marry one's deceased wife's sister, so Hunt travelled abroad to marry her; this led to a grave conflict with other family members, notably his former Pre-Raphaelite colleague Thomas Woolner, who had once been in love with Fanny and had married Alice, the third sister of Fanny and Edith.
Hunt's works were not successful, were attacked in the art press for their alleged clumsiness and ugliness. He achieved some early note for his intensely naturalistic scenes of modern rural and urban life, such as The Hireling Shepherd and The Awakening Conscience. However, it was for his religious paintings that he became famous The Light of the World, now in the chapel at Keble College, England. In the mid-1850s Hunt travelled to the Holy Land in search of accurate topographical and ethnographical material for further religious works, to employ his “powers to make more tangible Jesus Christ’s history and teaching”. Hunt painted many works based on poems, such as Isabella and The Lady of Shalott, he built his own house in Jerusalem. He had to relinquish painting because failing eyesight meant that he could not achieve the quality that he wanted, his last major works, including a large version of The Light of the World, were completed with the help of his assistant, Edward Robert Hughes. Hunt was buried in St Paul's Cathedral in London, England.
Hunt published an autobiography in 1905. Many of his late writings are attempts to control the interpretation of his work; that year, he was appointed to the Order of Merit by King Edward VII. At the end of his life he lived in Sonning-on-Thames, his personal life Loves. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was depicted in two BBC period dramas; the first, The Love School, in 1975, starred Bernard Lloyd as Hunt. The second was Desperate Romantics. Facing Mar Elias Monastery is a stone bench erected by the wife of the painter, who painted some of his major works at this spot; the bench is inscribed with biblical verses in Hebrew, Greek and English. A Converted British Family Sheltering a Christian Missionary from the Persecution of the Druids Valentine Rescuing Sylvia from Proteus The Awakening Conscience The Light of the World The Scapegoat The Finding of the Saviour in the Temple The Shadow of Death The Importunate Neighbour The Miracle of the Holy Fire English school of painting List of Pre-Raphaelite paintings List of Orientalist artists Orientalism Landow, George.
William Holman Hunt and Typological Symbolism. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02196-8. Maas, Jeremy. Holman Hunt and the Light of the World. Ashgate. ISBN 978-0-85967-683-0. Bronkhurst, Judith. William Holman Hunt: A Catalogue Raisonné. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10235-2. Lochnan, Katharine. Holman Hunt and the Pre-Raphaelite Vision. Art Gallery of Toronto. ISBN 978-1-894243-57-5. William Holman Hunt's The Scapegoat: Rite of Forgiveness/Transference of Blame Works by Holman Hunt at Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery's Pre-Raphaelite Online Resource Holman Hunt Manuscripts, John Rylands Library, University of Manchester Archival Material at Leeds University Library
Richard Doyle (illustrator)
Richard "Dickie" Doyle was a notable illustrator of the Victorian era. His work appeared, amongst other places, in Punch magazine. Born at 17 Cambridge Terrace, one of seven children of Irish cartoonist John Doyle, a noted political caricaturist, Doyle had three brothers, James and Henry Edward Doyle, who were artists; the young Doyle had no formal art training other than his father's studio, but from an early age displayed a gifted ability to depict scenes of the fantastic and grotesque. Throughout his life he was fascinated by fairy tales, he produced Home for the Holidays, when he was twelve. He joined the staff of Punch in 1843 aged 19, he was the uncle of author of the Sherlock Holmes stories. Doyle's first published illustrations appeared in The Eglinton Tournament, a humour book set in the Middle Ages, which met with commercial success. Doyle collaborated with John Leech, W. C. Stanfield and other artists to co-illustrate three Charles Dickens Christmas books, The Chimes, The Cricket on the Hearth and The Battle of Life.
In 1846 Doyle's illustrations for The Fairy Ring, first made his name as a fairytale illustrator. Following this in 1849 he produced Fairy Tales from All Nations (compiled by'Anthony R. Montalba', which proved a tremendous success. Doyle was able to explore his love of fairy mythology with his many illustrations and borders filled with elves and other mythical creatures. Following this success Doyle illustrated a string of fantasy titles: The Enchanted Doll by Mark Lemon, The Story of Jack and the Giants, John Ruskin's The King of the Golden River, which went through three editions in its first year of publication. Edward Ellice was a serial host for notable visitors to Scotland. In 1859 Doyle was invited and Katherine Ellice, an amateur artist, served as host when he visited. Katherine was given an illustrated diary of a journey to the islands of Rona and Skye band this is extant, he wrote for Punch a series of articles entitled "Manners and Customes of ye Englyshe". A devout Roman Catholic, he resigned his position on the staff of Punch in 1850 in response to its hostility to what was termed "papal aggression", spent the remainder of his career in preparing drawings for book illustration and to painting in watercolour.
Doyle published works of his own, which helped establish his reputation with a large readership: Manners and Customs of Ye Englishe and Bird's Eye View of Society. His chief series of illustrations were those for The Newcomes, The King of the Golden River, The Foreign Tour of Brown and Robinson. In 1844, Doyle designed the cover of Punch's sixth issue, it became the basis of the magazine's masthead until 1954, was based on Titian's "Bacchus and Ariadne". His masterpiece is indubitably In Fairyland, a series of Pictures from the Elf World, with a poem by William Allingham, printed by Edmund Evans and published by Longman in time for Christmas 1869. In the 16 colour plates and 36 line illustrations plus title page, Doyle was given a free hand; the folio was richly bound in green cloth, has been described as one of the finest examples of Victorian book production. The illustrations were used in the publication of another book as well, The Princess Nobody by Andrew Lang. Doyle was regarded as being brilliant but unreliable.
For example, he was late with his illustrations for The Newcomes, only meeting his commitments when Thackeray threatened to give the work to another artist. Doyle's excuses were ridiculous, the Dalziel Brothers reported that on one occasion he failed to meet a deadline because he had'not got any pencils'; such amateurism hampered Doyle's success. Several books he had been commissioned to illustrate did not appear because he lacked the application needed to finish them, completed work was uneven in quality and'deplorably pedestrian'. Doyle signed many of his drawings with the depiction of a small bird standing on the initials'RD', a reference to his nickname "Dickie". Detailed biography on Victorianweb Works by Richard Doyle in the University of Florida Digital Collections including Princess Nobody Works by Richard Doyle at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Richard Doyle at Internet Archive Fairy tales from all nations, illus. Richard Doyle Richard Doyle at Library of Congress Authorities, with 57 catalogue records
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer of world-famous children's fiction, notably Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass. He was noted for his facility at word play and fantasy; the poems Jabberwocky and The Hunting of the Snark are classified in the genre of literary nonsense. He was a mathematician and Anglican deacon. Carroll came from a family of high church Anglicans, developed a long relationship with Christ Church, where he lived for most of his life as a scholar and teacher. Alice Liddell, daughter of the Dean of Christ Church, Henry Liddell, is identified as the original for Alice in Wonderland, though Carroll always denied this. Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English and high church Anglican. Most of Dodgson's male ancestors were Church of England clergy, his great-grandfather named Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of the church to become the Bishop of Elphin. His paternal grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in Ireland in 1803 when his two sons were hardly more than babies.
The older of these sons – yet another Charles Dodgson – was Carroll's father. He went to Westminster School and to Christ Church, Oxford, he took holy orders. He was mathematically gifted and won a double first degree, which could have been the prelude to a brilliant academic career. Instead, he became a country parson. Dodgson was born in the small parsonage at Daresbury in Cheshire near the towns of Warrington and Runcorn, the eldest boy but the third child. Eight more children followed; when Charles was 11, his father was given the living of Croft-on-Tees in North Yorkshire, the whole family moved to the spacious rectory. This remained their home for the next 25 years. Charles's father was an active and conservative cleric of the Church of England who became the Archdeacon of Richmond and involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the church, he was high church, inclining toward Anglo-Catholicism, an admirer of John Henry Newman and the Tractarian movement, did his best to instil such views in his children.
Young Charles was to develop an ambiguous relationship with his father's values and with the Church of England as a whole. During his early youth, Dodgson was educated at home, his "reading lists" preserved in the family archives testify to a precocious intellect: at the age of seven, he was reading books such as The Pilgrim's Progress. He suffered from a stammer – a condition shared by most of his siblings – that influenced his social life throughout his years. At the age of twelve, he was sent to Richmond Grammar School at nearby Richmond. In 1846, Dodgson entered Rugby School where he was evidently unhappy, as he wrote some years after leaving: I cannot say... that any earthly considerations would induce me to go through my three years again... I can say that if I could have been... secure from annoyance at night, the hardships of the daily life would have been comparative trifles to bear. Dodgson did not claim he suffered from bullying but cited little boys as the main targets of older bullies at Rugby.
Stuart Dodgson Collingwood, Dodgson's nephew, wrote that "even though it is hard for those who have only known him as the gentle and retiring don to believe it, it is true that long after he left school, his name was remembered as that of a boy who knew well how to use his fists in defense of a righteous cause", the protection of the smaller boys. Scholastically, though, he excelled with apparent ease. "I have not had a more promising boy at his age since I came to Rugby", observed mathematics master R. B. Mayor. Francis Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant; some pages included annotations such as the one found in p. 129, where he wrote "Not a fair question in decimals" next to a question. He left Rugby at the end of 1849 and matriculated at the University of Oxford in May 1850 as a member of his father's old college, Christ Church. After waiting for rooms in college to become available, he went into residence in January 1851, he had been at Oxford only two days. His mother had died of "inflammation of the brain" – meningitis or a stroke – at the age of 47.
His early academic career veered between irresistible distraction. He did not always work hard but was exceptionally gifted and achievement came to him. In 1852, he obtained first-class honours in Mathematics Moderations and was shortly thereafter nominated to a Studentship by his father's old friend Canon Edward Pusey. In 1854, he obtained first-class honours in the Final Honours School of Mathematics, standing first on the list, graduating Bachelor of Arts, he remained at Christ Church studying and teaching, but the next year he failed an important scholarship through his self-confessed inability to apply himself to study. So, his talent as a mathematician won him the Christ Church Mathematical Lectureship in 1855, which he continued to hold for the next 26 years. Despite early unhappiness, Dodgson was to remain at Christ Church, in various capacities, until his death, including that of Sub-Librarian of the Christ Church library, where his office was close to the Deanery, where Alice
Wooler is a small town in Northumberland, England. It lies near the Cheviot Hills, it is a popular base for walkers and is referred to as the "Gateway to the Cheviots". As well as many shops and pubs, the town has a youth hostel, many hotels, campsites, it lies on the St. Cuthbert's Way long-distance footpath between Melrose Lindisfarne; the main A697 links the town with Coldstream on the Scottish Border. Wooler has two schools; the schools and nursery share a single campus on Brewery Road providing education for children in the Glendale area from 2 years old to 13 years old. Close by is Yeavering Bell, crowned by a large Iron Age fort, a stronghold of the Votadini; the remnants of many stone huts can be seen on its summit. Wooler was not recorded in the Domesday Book, because when the book was written in 1086, northern Northumbria was not under Norman control. However, by 1107, at the time of the creation of the 1st Baron of Wooler, the settlement was described as "situated in an ill-cultivated country under the influence of vast mountains, from whence it is subject to impetuous rains".
Wooler subsequently enjoyed a period of prosperity and with its expansion it was granted a licence in 1199 to hold a market every Thursday. The St. Mary Magdalene Hospital was established around 1288. Wooler is close to Humbleton Hill, the site of a severe Scottish defeat at the hands of Harry Hotspur in 1402; this battle is referred to at the beginning of William Shakespeare's play Henry IV, Part 1 – of which Hotspur is the dashing hero. Wooler used to have a drill hall, the local "picture house" which children were evacuated to in World War II. There used to be a fountain situated at the top of Church Street in the town. Alexander Dalziel of Wooler was the father of the celebrated Dalziel Brothers. Seven of his eight sons were artists, became celebrated engravers in London, their sister Margaret was an engraver. Between 1887 and 1965 the town was served by Wooler railway station on the Alnwick to Cornhill Branch. Wooler has several places of worship including: St Mary's Parish Church, Church Street, a Grade II listed building.
Wooler United Reformed Church, Cheviot Street, a Grade II listed building. St Ninian's Burnhouse Road, a Grade II listed building. Wooler Evangelical Church, Cheviot Street. At one time, there was a Methodist congregation in Wooler; the old Methodist chapel on Cheviot Street is now the Glendale Hall. Wooler may ofer. A record of the name as Welnfver in 1186 seems to suggest this origin; the well or spring referred to is the River Till. The Wooler Water, part of, known as Happy Valley, is a tributary of the River Till and is formed by a confluence of the Harthope and Carey Burns which rise in the Cheviot Hills, to the south of Wooler. Another possible origin is "Wulfa's hillside", from the Old English personal name Wulfa "wolf" and őra "hillside, slope", although this word in place-names means "river mouth, shore". A record of the name as Wulloir in 1232 may suggest this origin, it is not certain, the actual origin. An electoral ward in the same name exists; this ward stretches from the Scottish Border south-east to Ingram with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 4,266.
Community website "Gefrin". Brian Cosgrove. Retrieved 7 June 2018. "The Tankerville Arms". Self-published. Retrieved 7 June 2018. "Visit Northumberland". Retrieved 7 June 2018. Northumbrian Railways Northeast England Wooler Genealogy Northumberland Communities