Brown County, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brown County, Minnesota
BrownCountyMNcourthouse.JPG
Brown County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Brown County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1855 (created)
1856 (organized)[1]
Named for Joseph Renshaw Brown
Seat New Ulm
Largest city New Ulm
Area
 • Total 618 sq mi (1,601 km2)
 • Land 611 sq mi (1,582 km2)
 • Water 7.4 sq mi (19 km2), 1.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 25,331
 • Density 42/sq mi (16/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.brown.mn.us

Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,893,[2] its county seat is New Ulm.[3] The county was formed in 1855 and organized in 1856.

Brown County comprises the New Ulm, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Mankato-New Ulm-North Mankato, MN Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Brown County was founded in 1855, it was named for Joseph Renshaw Brown, a member of the Governor's Council of Minnesota in 1855.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 618 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 611 square miles (1,580 km2) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[6]

The Minnesota River flows along the county's northern boundary; two of its tributaries, the Cottonwood and Little Cottonwood Rivers, flow eastwardly through the county.[7]

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

New Ulm, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.6
 
 
24
6
 
 
0.7
 
 
29
11
 
 
1.9
 
 
41
23
 
 
2.9
 
 
58
36
 
 
3.4
 
 
70
49
 
 
4.8
 
 
79
59
 
 
4
 
 
83
63
 
 
4.1
 
 
80
61
 
 
3.2
 
 
72
51
 
 
2.3
 
 
60
38
 
 
1.6
 
 
42
25
 
 
0.9
 
 
27
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of New Ulm have ranged from a low of 6 °F (−14 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −37 °F (−38 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.64 inches (16 mm) in January to 4.82 inches (122 mm) in June.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,339
1870 6,396 173.5%
1880 12,018 87.9%
1890 15,817 31.6%
1900 19,787 25.1%
1910 20,134 1.8%
1920 22,421 11.4%
1930 23,428 4.5%
1940 25,544 9.0%
1950 25,895 1.4%
1960 27,676 6.9%
1970 28,887 4.4%
1980 28,645 −0.8%
1990 26,984 −5.8%
2000 26,911 −0.3%
2010 25,893 −3.8%
Est. 2016 25,331 [9] −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2016[2]

As of the 2000 census,[14] there were 26,911 people, 10,598 households, and 7,164 families residing in the county, the population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 11,163 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.82% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 67.1% were of German and 9.6% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 10,598 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,800, and the median income for a family was $49,811. Males had a median income of $32,347 versus $23,918 for females, the per capita income for the county was $19,535. About 4.40% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.2% 8,708 27.3% 3,763 9.5% 1,308
2012 57.0% 7,938 40.4% 5,630 2.6% 361
2008 54.7% 7,456 42.7% 5,809 2.6% 355
2004 60.9% 8,395 37.4% 5,158 1.6% 225
2000 57.4% 7,370 36.2% 4,650 6.3% 814
1996 45.2% 5,580 39.4% 4,864 15.5% 1,915
1992 39.6% 5,390 31.4% 4,278 29.0% 3,953
1988 56.7% 6,898 42.0% 5,109 1.4% 166
1984 64.7% 8,399 34.4% 4,469 0.8% 109
1980 57.0% 8,051 34.8% 4,915 8.2% 1,156
1976 53.3% 7,479 41.3% 5,792 5.5% 768
1972 61.2% 7,791 34.2% 4,347 4.6% 591
1968 57.0% 7,039 37.1% 4,585 5.9% 726
1964 49.0% 5,851 50.8% 6,069 0.1% 17
1960 56.9% 7,084 43.0% 5,353 0.1% 16
1956 72.0% 7,965 27.7% 3,067 0.2% 27
1952 72.1% 8,152 27.7% 3,129 0.2% 27
1948 50.6% 5,068 48.0% 4,804 1.4% 144
1944 70.5% 7,018 28.6% 2,842 0.9% 89
1940 66.7% 7,533 32.6% 3,678 0.8% 90
1936 26.1% 2,679 64.6% 6,637 9.3% 951
1932 22.6% 2,027 75.0% 6,716 2.4% 212
1928 40.1% 3,611 59.2% 5,341 0.7% 64
1924 31.9% 2,255 3.8% 270 64.3% 4,551
1920 80.7% 5,841 11.0% 796 8.3% 603
1916 59.7% 2,078 31.6% 1,101 8.7% 303
1912 14.9% 472 43.0% 1,359 42.1% 1,330
1908 45.2% 1,518 45.8% 1,536 9.0% 303
1904 68.4% 2,073 28.7% 869 2.9% 89
1900 52.1% 1,695 45.2% 1,471 2.8% 90
1896 53.4% 1,807 43.4% 1,469 3.2% 107
1892 38.5% 1,080 41.8% 1,174 19.7% 553

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ History of the Origin of the Place Names in Nine Northwestern States. 1908. p. 12. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 65 - 67. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  7. ^ Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1994. pp. 21–22, 30–31. ISBN 0-89933-222-6. 
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for New Ulm, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

  • Louis Albert Fritsche, History of Brown County, Minnesota: Its People, Industries and Institutions. In Two Volumes. Indianapolis, IN: B.F. Bowen and Co., 1916.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°14′N 94°43′W / 44.23°N 94.72°W / 44.23; -94.72