1993–94 New Jersey Devils season

The 1993–94 New Jersey Devils season was the franchise's 20th season, twelfth in New Jersey. For the fourth consecutive season, the Devils qualified for the playoffs. In the playoffs, The Devils made it all the way to the Eastern Conference Final where they came within a game of advancing to the 1994 Stanley Cup Finals. Goaltender Martin Brodeur won the Calder Memorial Trophy as the NHL's top rookie and new coach Jacques Lemaire won the Jack Adams Award as the NHL's top coach; the New Jersey Devils opened the 1993–94 season with 7 consecutive wins. They finished second in goaltending, they set team records in wins and points. Captain Scott Stevens led the league in +/- with +53. During the regular season, the Devils allowed the fewest even-strength goals and had the fewest power-play opportunities. Note: No. = Division rank, CR = Conference rank, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against, Pts = Points Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold. Round 1 New Jersey Devils vs Buffalo Sabres New Jersey Wins Series 4-3 Round 2 New Jersey Devils vs Boston Bruins New Jersey Wins Series 4-2 Round 3 New Jersey Devils vs New York Rangers New Jersey Loses Series 4-3 ScoringGoaltending ScoringGoaltendingNote: GP = Games played.

1993–94 NHL season "1993-94 National Hockey League Standings". HockeyDB. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-12. "1993-94 New Jersey Devils player statistics". HockeyDB. Retrieved 2007-10-12

Grand strategy

Grand strategy or high strategy comprises the "purposeful employment of all instruments of power available to a security community". Issues of grand strategy include the choice of primary versus secondary theaters in war, distribution of resources among the various services, the general types of armaments manufacturing to favor, which international alliances best suit national goals. With considerable overlap with foreign policy, grand strategy focuses on the military implications of policy. A country's political leadership directs grand strategy with input from the most senior military officials. Development of a nation's grand strategy may extend across many years or multiple generations; the concept of grand strategy has been extended to describe multi-tiered strategies in general, including strategic thinking at the level of corporations and political parties. In business, a grand strategy is a general term for a broad statement of strategic action. A grand strategy states the means. Examples of business grand strategies that can be customized for a specific firm include: market concentration, market development, product development, horizontal integration and liquidation.

In defining Grand Strategy, military historian B. H. Liddell Hart states: he role of grand strategy – higher strategy – is to co-ordinate and direct all the resources of a nation, or band of nations, towards the attainment of the political object of the war – the goal defined by fundamental policy. Grand strategy should both calculate and develop the economic resources and man-power of nations in order to sustain the fighting services; the moral resources – for to foster the people's willing spirit is as important as to possess the more concrete forms of power. Grand strategy, should regulate the distribution of power between the several services, between the services and industry. Moreover, fighting power is but one of the instruments of grand strategy – which should take account of and apply the power of financial pressure, not least of ethical pressure, to weaken the opponent's will.... Furthermore, while the horizons of strategy is bounded by the war, grand strategy looks beyond the war to the subsequent peace.

It should not only combine the various instruments, but so regulate their use as to avoid damage to the future state of peace – for its security and prosperity. Grand strategy expands on the traditional idea of strategy in three ways: expanding strategy beyond military means to include diplomatic, economic, etc. means examining internal in addition to external forces – taking into account both the various instruments of power and the internal policies necessary for their implementation including consideration of periods of peacetime in addition to wartime One of the earlier writings on grand strategy comes from Thucydides's History of the Peloponnesian War, an account of the war between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League. From the era of Hadrian, Roman emperors employed a military strategy of "preclusive security—the establishment of a linear barrier of perimeter defence around the Empire; the Legions were stationed in great fortresses" These "fortresses" existed along the perimeter of the Empire accompanied by actual walls.

Due to the perceived impenetrability of these perimeter defenses, the Emperors kept no central reserve army. The Roman system of roads allowed for soldiers to move from one frontier to another with relative ease; these roads allowed for a logistical advantage for Rome over her enemies, as supplies could be moved just as across the Roman road system as soldiers. This way, if the legions could not win a battle through military combat skill or superior numbers, they could outlast the invaders, who, as historian E. A. Thompson wrote, "Did not think in terms of millions of bushels of wheat." The emperor Constantine moved the legions from the frontiers to one consolidated roving army as a way to save money and to protect wealthier citizens within the cities. However, this grand strategy, according to some ancient sources, had costly effects on the Roman empire by weakening its frontier defenses and allowing it to be susceptible to outside armies coming in. People who lived near the Roman frontiers would begin to look to the barbarians for protection after the Roman armies departed.

This argument is considered to have originated in the writings of Eunapius As stated by the 5th century AD historian Zosimus: "Constantine abolished this frontier security by removing the greater part of the soldiery from the frontiers to cities that needed no auxiliary forces. He thus deprived of help the people who were harassed by the barbarians and burdened tranquil cities with the pest of the military, so that several straightway were deserted. Moreover, he softened the soldiers who treated themselves to luxuries. Indeed, to speak plainly, he planted the first seeds of our present devastated state of affairs – Zosimus This charge by Zosimus is considered to be a gross exaggeration and inaccurate assessment of the situations in the fourth century under Constantine by many modern historians. B. H. Warmington, for instance, argues that the statement by Zosimus is " oversimplification," reminding us that "the charge of exposure of the frontier regions is at best anachronistic and reflects Zosimus' prejudices against Constantine.

An example of modern grand strategy is the decision of the Allies in World War II to concentrate on the defeat of Germa