Another Side of Bob Dylan
Another Side of Bob Dylan is the fourth studio album by American singer and songwriter Bob Dylan, released on August 8, 1964 by Columbia Records. The album deviates from the more conscious style which Dylan had developed with his previous LP, The Times They Are A-Changin'; the change prompted criticism from some influential figures in the folk community – Sing Out! Editor Irwin Silber complained that Dylan had "somehow lost touch with people" and was caught up in "the paraphernalia of fame". Despite the album's thematic shift, Dylan performed the entirety of Another Side of Bob Dylan as he had previous records – solo. In addition to his usual acoustic guitar and harmonica, Dylan provides piano on one selection, "Black Crow Blues". Another Side of Bob Dylan reached No. 43 in the US, peaked at No. 8 on the UK charts in 1965. Throughout 1963, Dylan worked on a play. A number of publishers were interested in signing Dylan to a contract, at one point, City Lights was considered. However, as Dylan worked on his book at a casual pace, his manager, Albert Grossman, decided to make a deal with a major publisher.
Macmillan's senior editor, Bob Markel, said, "We gave an advance for an untitled book of writings … The publisher was taking a risk on a young, untested potential phenomenon." When Markel met with Dylan for the first time, "there was no book at the time … The material at that point was hazy, sketchy. The poetry editor called it'inaccessible.' The symbolism was not understood, but on the other hand it was earthy, filled with obscure but marvelous imagery … I felt it had a lot of value and was different from Dylan's output till then. It was not a book." It would be years before Dylan finished his book, but the free form poetry experiments that came from it influenced his songwriting. The most notable example came in a six-line coda to a poem responding to President John F. Kennedy's assassination: the colors of Friday were dull / as cathedral bells were burnin / strikin for the gentle / strikin for the kind / strikin for the crippled ones / an strikin for the blind This refrain would soon appear in a important composition, "Chimes of Freedom", and, as biographer Clinton Heylin writes, "with this sad refrain, Dylan would pass from topical troubadour to poet of the road."In February 1964, Dylan embarked on a twenty-day trip across the United States.
Riding in a station wagon with a few friends, Dylan began the trip in New York, taking numerous detours through many states before ending the trip in California. "We talked to people in bars, miners," Dylan would say. "Talking to people – that's where it's at, man."According to Heylin, "the primary motivation for this trip was to find enough inspiration to step beyond the folk-song form, if not in the bars, or from the miners by peering deep into himself." Dylan spent much time in the back of the station wagon, working on songs and poetry on a typewriter. It was during this trip that Dylan composed "Chimes of Freedom", finishing it in time to premiere at a Denver concert on the 15th. "Mr. Tambourine Man" was composed during this trip, it was during this trip that the Beatles arrived in America. Their first visit to the United States remains a touchstone in American culture. Maymudes recalled how Dylan "nearly jumped out the car" when "I Wanna Hold Your Hand" came on the radio and his comments: "Did you hear that?..that was fuckin' great!
Oh man.." and how Dylan seemed lost in thought replaying the record over in his head. Dylan, had been following the Beatles since 1963. There have been different accounts regarding Dylan's attitude towards the Beatles at this time, but it's known that Suze Rotolo and Al Aronowitz took to them and championed their music to Dylan. Aronowitz claimed that Dylan dismissed them as "bubblegum", but in an interview in 1971, Dylan recalls being impressed by their music. "We were driving through Colorado, we had the radio on, eight of the Top 10 songs were Beatles songs …'I Wanna Hold Your Hand,' all those early ones. They were doing things, their chords were outrageous, just outrageous, their harmonies made it all valid … I knew they were pointing the direction of where music had to go." In January, while the Beatles were in France, George Harrison bought the French release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan, titled En Roue Libre, which they played impressed by the lyrics and "just the attitude!". As the Beatles began to influence Dylan and vice versa, Dylan's personal life was undergoing a number of significant changes.
When Dylan returned to New York in March, he rented an electric guitar. He continued his romance with folksinger Joan Baez, though their stage appearances together began to dwindle. Dylan's girlfriend Suze Rotolo had had enough of the affair. Soon after Dylan returned to New York, the two had an argument. At the time, Suze was staying with her sister Carla, when Carla intervened, Dylan began screaming at Carla. Carla ordered Dylan to leave. Carla Rotolo pushed Dylan, he pushed her back; the two of them were soon fighting. Friends were called and Dylan had to be forcibly removed ending his relationship with Suze Rotolo. In a 1966 interview, Dylan admitted that after their relationship ended, "I got very strung out for a while. I mean very strung out." One account of Dylan's first experience with psychedelics places it in April 1964.
Bob Dylan discography
American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan has released 38 studio albums, 91 singles, 26 notable extended plays, 40 music videos, 13 live albums, 14 volumes comprising The Bootleg Series, 19 compilation albums, 13 box sets, 7 soundtracks as main contributor, 5 music home videos and 2 non-music home videos. Dylan has been the subject of 5 documentaries, starred in 3 theatrical films, appeared in an additional 8 films and 10 home videos, is the subject of the biographical tribute film I'm Not There, he has written and published lyrics and memoirs in 11 books and 2 of his songs have been made into children's books. He has done numerous collaborations and tribute albums; the albums Planet Waves and Before the Flood were released on Asylum Records. Dylan has won many awards for his songwriting and performances, including the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature for his entire body of work. For a list of these accolades, see List of Bob Dylan awards. Much of his music has been bootlegged; these are notable EP releases containing exclusive non-album tracks.
See discogs.com for more foreign EPs that contain just album version tracks or are just domestic promotional album samplers. The 4 Seasons: The 4 Seasons Sing Big Hits By Burt Bacharach... Hal David... Bob Dylan Odetta: Odetta Sings Dylan Joan Baez: Any Day Now The Hollies: Hollies Sing Dylan Brothers and Sisters - "Dylan's Gospel" The Byrds: The Byrds Play Dylan Judy Collins: Judy Sings Dylan - Just Like a Woman Various artists: The 30th Anniversary Concert Celebration Wolfgang Niedecken: Leopardefell Various artists: May Your Song Always Be Sung: The Songs of Bob Dylan Steve Howe: Portraits of Bob Dylan Various artists: A Nod to Bob: An Artists' Tribute to Bob Dylan on His 60th Birthday Various artists: May Your Song Always Be Sung Again: The Songs of Bob Dylan Vol. 2 Robyn Hitchcock: Robyn Sings Various artists: May Your Song Always Be Sung: The Songs of Bob Dylan Vol. 3 Various artists: Gotta Serve Somebody: The Gospel Songs of Bob Dylan Various artists: A Reggae Tribute To Bob Dylan: Is It Rolling Bob?
Various artists: Dylan Country Martyna Jakubowicz & Voo Voo: Tylko Dylan Les Fradkin: If Your Memory Serves You Well Various artists: Timeless Flyte-The Byrds Dylan Connection Bryan Ferry: Dylanesque Ben Sidran Dylan Different Various artists: Subterranean Home Sick Blues: A Tribute to Bob Dylan's Bringing It All Back Home Various artists: Chimes of Freedom: Songs of Bob Dylan Honoring 50 Years of Amnesty International The Charlie Daniels Band: Off the Grid: Doin' It Dylan Various artists: Girl from the North Country Willie Nile: Positively Bob: Willie Niles sings Bob Dylan Joan Osborne: Songs of Bob Dylan Dont Look Back Eat the Document No Direction Home 65 Revisited Trouble No More: A Musical Film BBC Sunday-Night Play: The Madhouse on Castle Street Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid Renaldo and Clara Hearts of Fire Backtrack a.k.a. Catchfire Paradise Cove Masked and Anonymous Hard to Handle: Bob Dylan with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers Laserdisc/VHS Bob Dylan: The 30th Anniversary Concert Celebration Laserdisc/VHS/DVD/Blu-ray #40 U.
S. MTV Unplugged: Bob Dylan Laserdisc/VHS/DVD Gotta Serve Somebody: The Gospel Songs of Bob Dylan DVD The Other Side of the Mirror: Bob Dylan at the Newport Folk Festival DVD/Blu-ray Festival Johnny Cash! The Man, His World, His Music The Concert for Bangladesh Earl Scruggs: The Bluegrass Legend - Family & Friends The Last Waltz USA For Africa: We Are the World: The Video Event Live Aid Willie Nelson: The Big Six-0 Woodstock'94 Eric Clapton & Friends In Concert: A Benefit for the Crossroads Centre at Antigua Willie Nelson and Friends - Outlaws & Angels The True History of the Traveling Wilburys DVD Dylan Speaks: The Legendary Press Conference in San Francisco Biography: Bob Dylan: The American Troubadour, directed by Stephen Crisman American Masters: No Direction Home, directed by Martin Scorsese I'm Not There, directed by Todd Haynes Folk Songs and More Folk Songs March on Washington Broadcast Quest: The Times They Are A-Changin' The New Steve Allen Show Tonight Bob Dylan: Elston Gunn Live In Concert The Johnny Cash Show Soundstage: The World of John Hammond Hard Rain Saturday Night Live 22nd Annual Grammy Awards Late Night with David Letterman An All-Star Celebration Honoring Martin Luther King Jr. 33rd Annual Grammy Awards Late Show with David Letterman Mastercard Masters of Music Concert for the Prince's Trust 40th Annual Grammy Awards 73rd Academy Awards 53rd Annual Grammy Awards Late Show with David Letterman John & Yoko in Syracuse, New York Runaway America March on Washington: Commemoration of Martin Luther King's'63 March We Are The World: The Story
Nashville Skyline is the ninth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on April 9, 1969, by Columbia Records as LP record, reel to reel tape and audio cassette. Building on the rustic style he experimented with on John Wesley Harding, Nashville Skyline displayed a complete immersion into country music. Along with the more basic lyrical themes, simple songwriting structures, charming domestic feel, it introduced audiences to a radically new singing voice from Dylan, who had temporarily quit smoking—a soft, affected country croon; the result received a positive reaction from critics, was a commercial success. Reaching No. 3 in the U. S. the album scored Dylan his fourth UK No. 1 album. By the time Nashville Skyline was recorded, the political climate in the United States had grown more polarized. In 1968, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. and Senator Robert Kennedy were assassinated. Riots broke out in several major cities, including a major one surrounding the Democratic National Convention in Chicago and racially motivated conflagrations spurred by King's assassination.
A new president, Richard Nixon, was sworn into office in January 1969, but the U. S. engagement in Southeast Asia the Vietnam War, would continue for several years. Protests over a wide range of political topics became more frequent. Dylan had been a leading cultural figure, noted for political and social commentary throughout the 1960s; as he moved away from topical songs, he never lost his cultural stature. However, as Clinton Heylin wrote of Nashville Skyline, "If Dylan was concerned about retaining a hold on the rock constituency, making albums with Johnny Cash in Nashville was tantamount to abdication in many eyes.""Our generation owes him our artistic lives," observed Kris Kristofferson, who sang with Cash in The Highwaymen, "because he opened all the doors in Nashville when he did Blonde on Blonde and Nashville Skyline. The country scene was so conservative, he brought in a whole new audience. He changed the way people thought about it – the Grand Ole Opry was never the same again."Helped by a promotional appearance on The Johnny Cash Show on June 7, Nashville Skyline went on to become one of Dylan's best-selling albums.
Three singles were pulled from it. Despite the dramatic, commercial shift in direction, the press gave Nashville Skyline a warm reception. A critic for Newsweek wrote of "the great charm... and the ways Dylan, both as composer and performer, has found to exploit subtle differences on a deliberately limited emotional and verbal scale." In Rolling Stone, Paul Nelson wrote, "Nashville Skyline achieves the artistically impossible: a deep and interesting statement about being happy. It could well be... his best album." However, Nelson would retract his opinion in a review for Bob Dylan's Greatest Hits Vol. II less than three years writing, "I was misinformed. That's why no one should pay any attention to critics the artist." In The Village Voice, Robert Christgau argued that "the beauty of the album" was in the "totally undemanding" and "one-dimensional" quality of the songs, believing Dylan had toyed with the public's expectations again by embracing a country tenor voice and aesthetic. He included it in his "Basic Record Library" of 1950s and 1960s recordings, published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies.
A few critics expressed some disappointment. Ed Ochs of Billboard wrote, "the satisfied man speaks in clichés, blushes as if every day were Valentine's Day." Tim Souster of the BBC's The Listener magazine wrote, "One can't help. Isn't this idyllic country landscape too good to be true?" All songs written by Bob Dylan. Bob Dylan – guitar, keyboards, vocals Norman Blake – guitar, dobro Kenneth A. Buttrey – drums Johnny Cash – vocals on "Girl from North Country" Fred Carter Jr. – guitar Charlie Daniels – bass guitar, guitar Pete Drake – pedal steel guitar Marshall Grant – bass guitar on "Girl from North Country" W. S. Holland – drums on "Girl from North Country" Charlie McCoy – guitar, harmonica Bob Wilson – organ, piano Bob Wootton – electric guitar on "Girl from North Country" Bob Johnston – production Charlie Bragg – engineering Neil Wilburn – engineering
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1990, Columbia recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company. Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, alongside former longtime rival RCA Records, as well as Arista Records and Epic Records. Artists who have recorded for Columbia include Harry Styles, AC/DC, Louis Armstrong, Tony Bennett, Beyoncé, Dave Brubeck, The Byrds, Johnny Cash, Mariah Carey, The Chainsmokers, The Clash, Miles Davis, Rosemary Clooney, Neil Diamond, Celine Dion, Bob Dylan, Wind & Fire, Duke Ellington, 50 Cent, Erroll Garner, Benny Goodman, Adelaide Hall, Billy Joel, Janis Joplin, John Mayer, George Michael, Billy Murray, Pink Floyd, Lil Nas X, Frank Sinatra and Garfunkel, Bessie Smith, Bruce Springsteen, Barbra Streisand, Andy Williams, Pharrell Williams, Bill Withers, Paul Whiteman, Joe Zawinul The Columbia Phonograph Company was founded in 1887 by stenographer and New Jersey native Edward D. Easton and a group of investors.
It derived its name from the District of Columbia. At first it had a local monopoly on sales and service of Edison phonographs and phonograph cylinders in Washington, D. C. Maryland, Delaware; as was the custom of some of the regional phonograph companies, Columbia produced many commercial cylinder recordings of its own, its catalogue of musical records in 1891 was 10 pages. Columbia's ties to Edison and the North American Phonograph Company were severed in 1894 with the North American Phonograph Company's breakup. Thereafter it sold only phonographs of its own manufacture. In 1902, Columbia introduced a molded brown wax record, to use up old stock. Columbia introduced black wax records in 1903. According to one source, they continued to mold brown waxes until 1904 with the highest number being 32601, "Heinie", a duet by Arthur Collins and Byron G. Harlan; the molded brown waxes may have been sold to Sears for distribution. Columbia began selling disc records and phonographs in addition to the cylinder system in 1901, preceded only by their "Toy Graphophone" of 1899, which used small, vertically cut records.
For a decade, Columbia competed with both the Edison Phonograph Company cylinders and the Victor Talking Machine Company disc records as one of the top three names in American recorded sound. In order to add prestige to its early catalog of artists, Columbia contracted a number of New York Metropolitan Opera stars to make recordings; these stars included Marcella Sembrich, Lillian Nordica, Antonio Scotti and Edouard de Reszke, but the technical standard of their recordings was not considered to be as high as the results achieved with classical singers during the pre–World War I period by Victor, England's His Master's Voice or Italy's Fonotipia Records. After an abortive attempt in 1904 to manufacture discs with the recording grooves stamped into both sides of each disc—not just one—in 1908 Columbia commenced successful mass production of what they called their "Double-Faced" discs, the 10-inch variety selling for 65 cents apiece; the firm introduced the internal-horn "Grafonola" to compete with the popular "Victrola" sold by the rival Victor Talking Machine Company.
During this era, Columbia used the "Magic Notes" logo—a pair of sixteenth notes in a circle—both in the United States and overseas. Columbia stopped recording and manufacturing wax cylinder records in 1908, after arranging to issue celluloid cylinder records made by the Indestructible Record Company of Albany, New York, as "Columbia Indestructible Records". In July 1912, Columbia decided to concentrate on disc records and stopped manufacturing cylinder phonographs, although they continued selling Indestructible's cylinders under the Columbia name for a year or two more. Columbia was split into one to make records and one to make players. Columbia Phonograph was moved to Connecticut, Ed Easton went with it, it was renamed the Dictaphone Corporation. In late 1922, Columbia went into receivership; the company was bought by its English subsidiary, the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1925 and the label, record numbering system, recording process changed. On February 25, 1925, Columbia began recording with the electric recording process licensed from Western Electric.
"Viva-tonal" records set a benchmark in tone and clarity unequaled on commercial discs during the 78-rpm era. The first electrical recordings were made by Art Gillham, the "Whispering Pianist". In a secret agreement with Victor, electrical technology was kept secret to avoid hurting sales of acoustic records. In 1926, Columbia acquired Okeh Records and its growing stable of jazz and blues artists, including Louis Armstrong and Clarence Williams. Columbia had built a catalog of blues and jazz artists, including Bessie Smith in their 14000-D Race series. Columbia had a successful "Hillbilly" series. In 1928, Paul Whiteman, the nation's most popular orchestra leader, left Victor to record for Columbia. During the same year, Columbia executiv
Bonnie "Prince" Billy
Will Oldham, better known by the stage name Bonnie "Prince" Billy, is an American singer-songwriter and actor. From 1993 to 1997, he performed and recorded under variations of the Palace name, including the Palace Brothers, Palace Songs, Palace Music. After releasing material under his own name, he adopted the Bonnie "Prince" Billy name for the majority of his output since 1998. Oldham was born on January 1970, in Louisville, Kentucky, he lived in Louisville until he graduated from the J. Graham Brown School in 1988 briefly attended Brown University amidst his career in music and film, he is married to the fabric artist Elsa Hansen. Oldham is known for his "do-it-yourself punk aesthetic and blunt honesty," and his music has been likened to Americana, roots, country and indie rock, he has been called an "Appalachian post-punk solipsist", with a voice, described as "a fragile sort-of warble frittering around haunted melodies in the American folk or country tradition."Oldham first performed and recorded under various permutations of the Palace name, including Palace Brothers, Palace Songs, Palace Music, Palace.
Regarding the name changes during this period, Oldham said: Will stated in a 1995 interview with KCRW that the name Palace Flophouse was inspired by reading John Steinbeck's Cannery Row. Beginning in 1998, Oldham has used the moniker Bonnie'Prince' Billy, which draws inspiration from several sources: He has explained that "the primary purpose of the pseudonym is to allow both the audience and the performer to have a relationship with the performer, valid and unbreakable." There Is No-One What Will Take Care of You – Palace Brothers Days in the Wake – Palace Brothers Viva Last Blues – Palace Music Arise Therefore – Palace Music Joya – Will Oldham I See a Darkness – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Ease Down the Road – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Master and Everyone – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Sings Greatest Palace Music – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Superwolf – Matt Sweeney & Bonnie "Prince" Billy The Brave and the Bold – Tortoise & Bonnie "Prince" Billy The Letting Go – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Lie Down in the Light – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Beware – Bonnie "Prince" Billy The Wonder Show of the World – Bonnie "Prince" Billy and the Cairo Gang Wolfroy Goes to Town – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Bonnie "Prince" Billy – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Singer's Grave – A Sea of Tongues – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Epic Jammers and Fortunate Little Ditties – Bitchin Bajas and Bonnie Prince Billy Best Troubador – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Wolf Of The Cosmos – Bonnie "Prince" Billy Songs of Love and Horror - Will Oldham Some of his albums, such as There Is No-One What Will Take Care of You, Viva Last Blues, I See a Darkness, have appeared on greatest albums lists.
Johnny Cash recorded a version of "I See a Darkness" on his American Recordings disc, American III: Solitary Man. Oldham provided backing vocals. Marianne Faithfull included Oldham's A King at Night on her 2003 Kissin Time tour. Steve Adey covered "I See a Darkness" on his 2006 LP All Things Real. Mark Kozelek recorded a version of Oldham's "New Partner" on his 2008 disc, The Finally LP. Katatonia covered "Oh How I Enjoy the Light" on their 2001 EP Tonight's Music. In 2009 Mark Lanegan and Soulsavers recorded a cover version of "You Will Miss Me When I Burn"; the release is a split single, backed with the Lanegan penned "Sunrise" featuring vocals by Oldham. In 2011, Deer Tick's cover of Oldham's song "Death to Everyone" appeared in an episode of Hell On Wheels. Cadaverous Condition covered "Black" on their To The Night Sky album. Oldham began his acting career at age 17, when he portrayed a teen preacher in John Sayles's film about an Appalachian mining community, Matewan. Oldham moved to Hollywood to pursue acting in the late 1980s, landed roles in a couple of films.
However, he became disillusioned with the film industry and quit in 1989. He has since had several minor roles in independent films, such as Julien Donkey-Boy and The Guatemalan Handshake. Oldham took a lead role in Old Joy, featured at SXSW XX and opened at New York's Film Forum on September 20, 2006. During this time, he played the role of a preacher in the "Horse Apples" special of WonderShowzen in series 2 of the show. In 2007, Oldham starred alongside Zach Galifianakis in the alternate music video for Kanye West's Can't Tell Me Nothing. In 2009, he was the narrator of "Madam and Little Boy", a documentary film about atomic weapons directed by Swedish artist Magnus Bärtås. In 2010, Oldham had a small part in Jackass 3D as a gorilla trainer, he revealed that he had to write a theme song in the style of a Saturday morning cartoon show for filmmaker Lance Bangs' life to get the role. Matewan, directed by John Sayles Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure Thousand Pieces of Gold Elysian Fields Radiation Julien Donkey-Boy, directed by Harmony Korine Slitch, directed by Dianne Bellino Tripping with Caveh, directed by Caveh Zahedi Junebug The Guatemalan Handshake Old Joy Trapped in the Closet- Chapter 15 Wendy and Lucy Madam and Little Boy Jackass 3D Pioneer New Jerusalem Magnetic Reconnection voice Edén A Ghost Story Oldham shot the black-and-white cover photograph of Slint's 1991 album Spiderland, showing the band members treading water in the lake of an abandoned
Samuel Shepard Rogers III, known professionally as Sam Shepard, was an American actor, author and director whose career spanned half a century. He won ten Obie Awards for directing, the most won by any writer or director, he wrote 44 plays as well as several books of short stories and memoirs. Shepard received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1979 for his play Buried Child and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of pilot Chuck Yeager in the 1983 film The Right Stuff, he received the PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation for Theater Award as a master American dramatist in 2009. New York magazine described Shepard as "the greatest American playwright of his generation."Shepard's plays are known for their bleak, surrealist elements, black comedy, rootless characters living on the outskirts of American society. His style evolved from the absurdism of his early off-off-Broadway work to the realism of plays like Buried Child and Curse of the Starving Class.
Shepard was born on November 1943, in Fort Sheridan, Illinois. He was named Samuel Shepard Rogers III after his father, Samuel Shepard Rogers, Jr. but was called Steve Rogers. Samuel Shepard Rogers, Jr. was a teacher and farmer who served in the United States Army Air Forces as a bomber pilot during World War II. Shepard characterized his father as "a drinking man, a dedicated alcoholic", his mother, Jane Elaine, was a native of Chicago. Shepard worked on a ranch as a teenager. After graduating from Duarte High School in Duarte, California in 1961, he studied animal husbandry at nearby Mt. San Antonio College. While at college, Shepard became enamored of Samuel Beckett and abstract expressionism, he dropped out to join the Bishop's Company. Shepard found work as a busboy at the Village Gate nightclub when he arrived in New York City, in 1962 became involved in the off-off-Broadway theater scene through Ralph Cook, the Village Gate's head waiter. Steve Rogers adopted the professional name Sam Shepard.
Although his plays would be staged at several off-off-Broadway venues, Shepard was most connected with Cook's Theatre Genesis, housed at St. Mark's Church in-the-Bowery in the East Village. In 1965, Shepard's one-act plays Dog and The Rocking Chair were produced at La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club; this was the first in many productions of Shepard's work at La MaMa during the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s. In 1967, Tom O'Horgan directed Shepard's Melodrama Play alongside Leonard Melfi's Times Square and Rochelle Owens' Futz at La MaMa. In 1969, Jeff Bleckner directed; the Unseen Hand would influence Richard O'Brien's musical The Rocky Horror Show. Bleckner directed The Unseen Hand alongside Forensic and the Navigators at the nearby Astor Place Theater in 1970. Shepard's play. Seth Allen directed Melodrama Play at La MaMa the following year. In 1981, Tony Barsha directed The Unseen Hand at La MaMa; the production transferred to the Provincetown Playhouse and ran for over 100 performances. Syracuse Stage co-produced The Tooth of Crime at La MaMa in 1983.
In 1983, the Overtone Theatre and New Writers at the Westside co-produced Shepard's plays Superstitions and The Sad Lament of Pecos Bill on the Eve of Killing His Wife at La MaMa. John Densmore performed in his own play Skins and Shepard and Joseph Chaikin's play Tongues, directed as a double bill by Tony Abatemarco, at La MaMa in 1984. Nicholas Swyrydenko directed a production of Geography of a Horse Dreamer at La MaMa in 1985. Several of Shepard's early plays, including Red Cross and La Turista, were directed by Jacques Levy. A patron of the Chelsea Hotel scene, he contributed to Kenneth Tynan's Oh! Calcutta! and drummed sporadically from 1967 through 1971 with the psychedelic folk band The Holy Modal Rounders, appearing on their albums Indian War Whoop and The Moray Eels Eat The Holy Modal Rounders. After winning six Obie Awards between 1966 and 1968, Shepard emerged as a screenwriter with Robert Frank's Me and My Brother and Michelangelo Antonioni's Zabriskie Point. Cowboy Mouth, a collaboration with his then-lover Patti Smith, was staged at The American Place Theatre in April 1971, providing early exposure for Smith, who became a well-known musician.
The story and characters in Cowboy Mouth were loosely inspired by Smith's relationship. After opening night, he abandoned the production and fled to New England without a word to anyone involved. Shortly thereafter, Shepard relocated with his son to London. While in London, he immersed himself in the study of G. I. Gurdjieff's a recurring preoccupation for much of his life. Returning to the United States in 1975, he moved to the 20-acre Flying Y Ranch in Mill Valley, where he raised a young colt named Drum and rode double with his young son on an appaloosa named Cody. Shepard continued to write plays and served for a semester as Regents' Professor of Drama at the University of California, Davis. Shepard accompanied Bob Dylan on the Rolling Thunder Revue of 1975 as the screenwriter for Renaldo and Clara that emerged from the tour. However, because much of the film was improvised, Shepard's work was used, his diary of the tour, Rolling Thunder Logbook, was published in 1978. A decade Dylan and Shepard co-wrote the 11-minute song "Brownsville Girl", included on Dylan's 1986 Knocked Out Loaded album and on compilations.
In 1975, Shepard was named playwright-in-residence at the Magic Theatre in San Francisco, where he created many of his notable works, including his
Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (album)
Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid is the 12th studio album and first soundtrack album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on July 13, 1973 by Columbia Records for the Sam Peckinpah film, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid. Dylan himself appeared in the film as the character "Alias"; the soundtrack consists of instrumental music and was inspired by the movie itself, included "Knockin' on Heaven's Door", which became a trans-Atlantic Top 20 hit. Certified gold by RIAA, Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid reached No. 16 US and No. 29 UK. Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid scriptwriter Rudy Wurlitzer was a previous acquaintance of Dylan's, asked him to provide a couple of songs for the movie. Dylan performed "Billy" for director Peckinpah, who found the performance moving and offered Dylan an acting part on the spot; the role he ended up getting was a character named Alias. In November 1972, Dylan and his family moved to Durango, where filming took place. Filming lasted from late 1972 to early 1973. Dylan's first session for the Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid soundtrack was on January 20, 1973 at CBS Discos Studios in Mexico City.
The only song from that day, included on the album was "Billy 7". The following month, Dylan recorded two days at Burbank Studios in California; the rest of the album's songs were recorded, as well as the outtakes "Sweet Armarillo" and "Rock Me Mama". The Mexico City session produced two notable outtakes: "Pecos Blues", an instrumental based on the traditional "What Does The Deep Sea Say?", the song "Goodbye Holly". Both tracks were rejected but bootlegged; the Burbank sessions yielded a few spontaneous recordings, including a jam titled "Sweet Amarillo" and a simple, improvised song titled "Rock Me Mama". Although neither were considered for the soundtrack, they were completed and recorded by the Nashville band Old Crow Medicine Show. Most critics at the time responded unfavorably. Robert Christgau graded it a "C" in Creem, described the album as "two middling Dylan songs, four good original Bobby voices, a lot of Schmylan music". Jon Landau wrote in Rolling Stone that "it is every bit as inept and embarrassing as Self Portrait.
And it has all the earmarks of a deliberate courting of commercial disaster, a flirtation, part of an attempt to free himself from imposed obligations derived from his audience."The album spawned a significant hit in "Knockin' on Heaven's Door", which would be covered by acts such as Eric Clapton and Guns N' Roses. Years "Knockin' On Heaven's Door" endured as a popular favorite among critics and fans as well as a concert staple, with its inspirational tone and lyrics regarding impending death; some retrospective reviews see it as a spare, beautiful departure from form and a worthy effort as a whole in line with the thrust of the film. After Peckinpah completed his own cut of Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, MGM re-cut the film without his input, removing several significant scenes and re-shuffling most of Dylan's music in the process. Peckinpah's film was released to mixed reviews. Years critical re-evaluation of Peckinpah's film would lead many to regard it as one of his major works, a revisionist view aided by the restoration of Peckinpah's original cut in 1984.
After witnessing firsthand Peckinpah's battles with MGM, Dylan had his own problems with Columbia Records. After years of minimal activity, Dylan had lost Columbia's patience, when negotiations for a renewed contract began in 1972, the label had little interest in being generous. "Early in 1973 I did conclude negotiations for a new contract with Bob," wrote Clive Davis in his autobiography. Davis had been a longtime supporter of Dylan's. While finalizing the details of Dylan's contract, Davis was fired by CBS president Arthur Taylor on May 29. Dylan testified on Davis's behalf in a well-publicized civil trial held in July 1975. In the meantime, the incident soured Dylan's relationship with CBS, convincing him to sign with David Geffen's fledgling Los Angeles-based label Asylum Records. All tracks written by Bob Dylan. Bob Dylan – guitar, harmonica Byron Berline – backing vocals, fiddle Fred Katz, Ted Michel – cello Gary Foster – recorder, flute Carl Fortina – harmonium Jolly Roger – banjo Bruce Langhorne – acoustic guitar Roger McGuinn – guitar Carol Hunter – twelve-string guitar, backing vocals Booker T. Jones – bass guitar Terry Paul – bass guitar, backing vocals Jim Keltner – drums Russ Kunkel – tambourine, bongos Priscilla Jones, Brenda Patterson, Donna Weiss – backing vocals "Bob Dylan: Top 75 Releases".
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