Saint-Médard-en-Jalles is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Located west-northwest of the city of Bordeaux, it is the fifth-largest suburb of the city and a member of the metropolitan Urban Community of Bordeaux. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE "St Médard-en-Jalles et son canton", Val TILLET, Editions Alan Sutton, 2006. Official website
Blanquefort or Blancafòrt is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Blanquefort is an outlying commune of the Bordeaux metropolitan area; the commune consists of historic Blanquefort and Caychac, further out from central Bordeaux and was a commune in its own right. Historic Blanquefort includes the ruins of a small medieval fortress and a nineteenth-century park, the Parc de Majolan, complete with a maze-like grotto and small artificial ruins which were in vogue at that time. Blanquefort is well connected to the rest of the agglomeration by the Bordeaux bus services, including services most of the night, it has a train station with regular services to central Bordeaux. The Bordeaux tram system is projected to connect with Blanquefort in 2013. Blanquefort, located in a famous wine-producing area, has a notable educational institution for viticulture; the oldest signs of human habitation in the commune are pieces of pottery dating back to 2000 BC. This is in line with the early settlement of all south-western France by pre-historic peoples A Roman military post was set up in the area, to ensure the security of the road to Noviomagus in the Medoc.
Tiles and coins from the Roman occupation have been found around the site of the fortress. In the ninth century, a first medieval fortification was built; the white stone gave the fort the name "White Fort", in Latin Blanca Fortis, which evolved into the modern name Blanquefort. During the English occupation of Aquitaine, the fortifications were expanded into a royal fortress at the end of the thirteenth century by Edward I of England. At the end of the Hundred Years War, the fortress became French. A wine-producing village grew around the fortifications worked predominantly by serfs. Blanquefort is located in a region, notable for wine production since ancient times. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a number of small chateaux were constructed in the prosperous village by wealthy wine merchants; the economy of the village focussed on wine production. In the seventeenth century, the Château Dillon was built in Blanquefort by the Dillon family which migrated to Blanquefort from Ireland.
During the French Revolution, as part of the central Gironde, the village was loosely connected with the conflict between Gironde deputies and Jacobins in the national government. As with the other nearby areas, the village would have supported a moderate course for the revolution and there was support for the federalist constitutional proposals which were popular in Bordeaux; the village was well within the territory of the federalist insurrection of 1793. No historical records exist which discuss the politics of the village during revolution. In 1900, the population was 2000. From the beginning of the twentieth century, the reliance of the village economy on wine production became a problem as economic crises took their toll. In 1962, the now-impoverished village created an industrial zone on former marshland. Combined with its proximity to Bordeaux, this led to a rapid growth of the village, now becoming a suburb of expanding Bordeaux. In the early twenty-first century, as a result of Bordeaux's continuing expansion, new developments have been built to allow the population of Blanquefort to grow further.
Since 1972, Blanquefort has been the location of a Ford transmission plant, which occupies a 103 ha site in the industrial zone. The plant was the result of an investment of 600 mIllion French francs, expected to generate 2,000 jobs, it was built to manufacture Ford C3 automatic transmission units for Ford's European models, with engine sizes from 1300 cc to 3000 cc. Despite recent reports that the plant has been sold by Ford in response to their need for money, it will continue for now to supply transmissions to the company. Haut-Médoc AOC Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Pessac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a member of the metropolis of Bordeaux, being the second-largest suburb of Bordeaux and located just southwest of it. Pessac is home to the Montesquieu University, the Bordeaux Montaigne University, the Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux. Pessac is located in the south of the Bordeaux metro area and is surrounded by Bordeaux, Gradignan, Canéjan, Saint-Jean-d'Illac and Mérignac; the western part of the commune is part of the Landes de Bordeaux. Early in World War II, the town was the scene of a quadruple execution on the firing range of Verthamon. Four communists militants, one of whom, Roger Rambaud, was not yet 17, were among the escapees from the military prison in Paris, were killed in the utmost secrecy by soldiers of the Third Republic; this case, classified "Secret Defense" for 70 years, has been revealed by the historian Jacky Tronel in the history magazine Arkheia. Neighborhoods of Pessac: 9 Kindergartens 15 Grade schools 5 Middle schools Collège Alouette Collège François Mitterrand Collège Gérard Philipe Collège Pessac Collège Sainte-Jeanne d'Arc Assomption3 High schools Lycée Pape-Clément: financed by the French government and the Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux, this school, presented as the high school of the year 2000, was inaugurated on 9 July 1987 by Jacques Chirac Prime Minister.
Its initial capacity was 1,100 students including 900 "demi-pensionnaires". It now holds 1,260 students. Lycée Sans Frontière Lycée professionnel Philadelphe de Gerde Pessac has a railway station on the westbound line from Bordeaux, Gare de Pessac. Pessac is served by the urban transport network of the Bordeaux agglomeration, Transports Bordeaux Métropole. Pessac is located on line B of the Tramway de Bordeaux. 1929: Yvette Roudy, socialist minister 1938: Jean Eustache, film actor and director 1953: Patrice Brun 1971: Thierry Poulain-Rehm, university 1979: Myriam Borg-Korfanty, handball player 1980: Julien Lescarret, matador Pessac is twinned with: Burgos, Spain Galați, Romania. Château Haut-Brion Pessac-Léognan, wine appellation Communes of the Gironde department Operation Josephine B, a 1941 attack on an electricity substation. INSEE Official website
Gironde is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after a major waterway; the Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde. Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, it was created from parts of the former provinces of Gascony. From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists. Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana. Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach, Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year, it is the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe. The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party. Cantons of the Gironde department Communes of the Gironde department Arrondissements of the Gironde department Bordeaux wine regions General Council website Prefecture website Gironde at Curlie Tourism Office website
Ambarès-et-Lagrave is a commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambarésiens or Ambarésiennes Ambarès-et-Lagrave is part of the Bordeaux urban area located to the north of the Bordeaux conurbation between the Garonne and Dordogne; the A10 autoroute passes down the eastern side of the commune from north to south with Exit 42 → Ambarès-et-Lagrave, Saint-Loubès in the commune. The commune is urbane with small areas of forest in the north and south and farmland in the west and north. Ambarès-et-Lagrave is surrounded by several cities of the Urban Community of Bordeaux: TER AquitaineThe commune is served by two railway stations: the Grave-d'Ambarès station and La Gorp station which have regular links with Bordeaux. TBC Network Trans Gironde Network In the 12th century the city of Ambarès belonged to a vast feudal domain comprising a large part of the marshes of Entre-deux-Mers; this area became the Barony of Montferrand.
The ancient parish of Ambarès was entirely under the jurisdiction of the Lords of Gua who levied tithes from the 15th century. The Lagrave district was attached to the commune of Ambarès in 1818. List of Successive Mayors Ambarès-et-Lagrave has twinning associations with: Kelheim since 1989. Norton Radstock since 1985. In 2009 the commune had 13,172 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The population of Ambarès-et-Lagrave has more than doubled between 1962 and 1999; this significant increase in the population is due to the its proximity to the city of Bordeaux. Although the tertiary sector is predominant in Ambarès-et-Lagrave, the town has many jobs in industry.
Allocation of Workers:Unemployment rate: 9.8% The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: A Lavoir at La Gorp The Château Beauséjour was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century but as farm buildings it may be older. The old house was listed as Pouyau in the old Land Registry; the Château du Tillac was the noble house of the Joly de Bonneau family. It was built in the 17th century at the site of an old house as it is located on one of the peaks at the end the peninsula; the Chauvette House at 10 Rue de la Commanderie des Templiers A House at 27 Rue Edmond-Faulat A House at 6-8 Rue Edmond-Faulat The Charron House at 9 Rue Edmond-Faulat The Château de Formont was a former noble house on one of the peaks of the end of the peninsula and is shown on the Belleyme map. The building may have been built in the early 18th century as indicated by the date it bore of 1723, now destroyed; the Café Duthil at 11 Avenue de la Gare A House at 7 Rue Guillaume-Peychaud The Château du Gua was a former noble house of the Laroque and Pineau families.
It was mentioned on the Belleyme map. The house was destroyed and rebuilt in 1866; the Le Gaès Farmhouse at 22 Avenue de la Libération The Rousseau House at 61 Avenue de la Libération A Wine Warehouse at 69 bis Avenue de la Libération The former Covered Market / Town Hall at the Place du Maréchal-Leclerc The Château Saint-Denis was an ancient noble house but not listed as such on the Belleyme map. Built in the 17th century for the Pineau family according to a U-shaped plan, it was the property of the actor Louis Jouvet in 1930. The Château Peychaud was a lordship documented since the 16th century belonging to the Fayet family; the old castle was rebuilt in 1680 and in the early 18th century when it included the current building flanked to the north by agricultural areas. The Château Bellevue was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century on the site of a former U-shaped house mentioned as Puymanot on the Belleyme map and the old Land Registry, it has been converted into a school since 1980. The Château Durandeau was a former noble house of the Rishon family shown on the Belleyme map.
The building may have been built in the 17th century and rebuilt in the 18th century extensively restored in the middle of the 19th century. The Le Grain House at 32 Avenue du Roy The Beaujet House at 83 Avenue du Roy The Town Hall / School at Place de la Victoire The War Memorial at Place de la Victoire A Monumental Column at Rue de la Vierge Mills Winemakers' Huts Houses and Farms Montferrand Marsh The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Parish Church of Saint Pierre The Chapel of Saint Denis The Cemetery at Rue Victor-Hugo The Presbytery at 3 Rue Victor-Hugo The former Church of the Templars Notre-Dame-de-la-Grave at Rue de la Vierge Monumental Crosses The Parish Church of Saint Pierre contains a large number of items that are registere
Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France. The municipality of Bordeaux proper has a population of 252,040. Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Bordeaux is the centre of the Bordeaux Métropole. With 1,195,335 in the metropolitan area, it is the sixth-largest in France, after Paris, Lyon and Lille, it is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. Its inhabitants are called "Bordelais" or "Bordelaises"; the term "Bordelais" may refer to the city and its surrounding region. Being at the center of a major wine-growing and wine-producing region, Bordeaux remains a prominent powerhouse and exercises significant influence on the world wine industry although no wine production is conducted within the city limits, it is home to the world's main wine fair and the wine economy in the metro area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year. Bordeaux wine has been produced in the region since the 8th century.
The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century. After Paris, Bordeaux has the highest number of preserved historical buildings of any city in France. In historical times, around 567 BC it was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala of Aquitanian origin; the name Bourde is still the name of a river south of the city. In 107 BC, the Battle of Burdigala was fought by the Romans who were defending the Allobroges, a Gallic tribe allied to Rome, the Tigurini led by Divico; the Romans were defeated and their commander, the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in the action. The city fell under Roman rule around its importance lying in the commerce of tin and lead, it became capital of Roman Aquitaine, flourishing during the Severan dynasty. In 276 it was sacked by the Vandals. Further ravage was brought by the same Vandals in 409, the Visigoths in 414, the Franks in 498, beginning a period of obscurity for the city.
In the late 6th century, the city re-emerged as the seat of a county and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks, but royal Frankish power was never strong. The city started to play a regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. Around 585, Gallactorius is fighting the Basque people; the city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732 after they stormed the fortified city and overwhelmed the Aquitanian garrison. Duke Eudes mustered a force ready to engage the Umayyads outside Bordeaux taking them on in the Battle of the River Garonne somewhere near the river Dordogne; the battle had a high death toll. Although Eudes was defeated here, he saved part of his troops and kept his grip on Aquitaine after the Battle of Poitiers. In 735, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion after his father Eudes's death, at which Charles responded by sending an expedition that captured and plundered Bordeaux again, but did not retain it for long.
The following year, the Frankish commander descended again to Aquitaine, but clashed in battle with the Aquitanians and left to take on hostile Burgundian authorities and magnates. In 745, Aquitaine faced yet another expedition by Charles's sons Pepin and Carloman, against Hunald, the Aquitanian princeps strong in Bordeaux. Hunald was defeated, his son Waifer replaced him, confirmed Bordeaux as the capital city. During the last stage of the war against Aquitaine, it was one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to King Pepin the Short's troops. Next to Bordeaux, Charlemagne built the fortress of Fronsac on a hill across the border with the Basques, where Basque commanders came over to vow loyalty to him. In 778, Seguin was appointed count of Bordeaux undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass that year. In 814, Seguin was made Duke of Vasconia, but he was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress or sympathise with a Basque rebellion. Under the Carolingians, sometimes the Counts of Bordeaux held the title concomitantly with that of Duke of Vasconia.
They were meant to keep the Basques in check and defend the mouth of the Garonne from the Vikings when the latter appeared c. 844 in the region of Bordeaux. In Autumn 845, count Seguin II marched on the Vikings, who were assaulting Bordeaux and Saintes, but he was captured and executed. No bishops were mentioned during part of the 9th in Bordeaux. From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine with the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who became, within months of their wedding, King Henry II of England; the city flourished due to the wine trade, the cathedral of St. André was built, it was the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince, but in the end, after the Battle of Castillon, it was annexed by France which extended its territory. The Château Trompette and the Fort du Hâ, built by Charles VII of France, were the symbols of the new domination, which however deprived the city of its wealth by halting the wine commerce with England.
In 1462, Bordeaux obtained a parliament, but regained importance only in the 16th century when it became the centre of the distribution of sugar and slaves from the West Indies along with the traditional wine. Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde
Villenave d’Ornon is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is the fourth-largest suburb of the city of Bordeaux, is located to its south side. Thus, it is a member of the metropolitan Urban Community of Bordeaux; the commune is twinned with: Seeheim-Jugenheim, since 1982 Torres Vedras, since 1993 Bridgend, since 1999 Blanes, Spain Communes of the Gironde department INSEE Official website