Stockholm City Museum
The Stockholm City Museum is a museum documenting and exhibiting the history of Stockholm. The museum is housed in Södra Stadshuset at Slussen on Södermalm, the building was completed in 1685. In the 1930s the museum moved in and opened to the public in 1942, the museum is the largest municipal museum in Sweden, and houses collections which include 300,000 items of historical interest,20,000 works of art and 3 million photographs. The City Museum closed for renovation January 12,2015 and it will reopen during autumn 2017. The museum is governed by the Cultural Affairs and Sports Division of the City of Stockholm, the city museum, the Museum of Medieval Stockholm and Stockholmia Förlag operate as one department within the division. All political decisions are made by the specialist committee for Cultural Affairs where – as of January 1,2007 – Madeleine Sjöstedt from the Liberal Peoples Party is chairman, the museum has two permanent exhibitions, one called The Stockholm Exhibition – Based on a true story.
The first part of the Stockholm exhibition was opened in 2010 and it tells the history of Stockholm from the first sign of settlements until the future ideas of children. It is all about buildings, streets and water as well as of the inhabitants who fills the city with life, at the exhibition you may find a unique painting of Stockholm during the 17th century. The second part of The Stockholm Exhibition was opened in April 2011 and it focuses on the part of the history of Stockholm. The exhibition takes you to four different locations in Stockholm and tells their story, Slussen, Östermalmstorg, Kungsträdgården, the other permanent exhibition is About houses – Architecture & building preservation in Stockholm. The exhibition guides the visitor through different historical building styles and show examples from the end of last century until the 1970s, among kitchen cabinets and door handles, you get knowledge of that which is typical of the times and in many cases worthy of preservation. A house with historical value is something to be proud of, aside from the permanent exhibition and the main exhibitions, the museum most often has a few smaller exhibitions open, such as photographic exhibitions.
ABBA City Walk A walking tour of Abba land and 1970s Stockholm, stieg Larsson Millennium-tour Follow along in Mikael Blomkvist and Lisbeth Salander’s footsteps while getting additional background information about the characters and the author. On the way you will learn more about historical and contemporary Stockholm. The model of the planet Mercury on the yard of the museum is part of the Sweden Solar System – the largest model of the system in the world. The giant spherical sports arena Ericsson Globe in Stockholm represents the sun, the scale is 1,20,000,000 and – accordingly – Mercury is 25 cm in diameter at a distance of 2.9 km from Globen. The model continues northwards through Sweden, the model of Mercury is heated and always kept warm, after all – Mercury is the planet closest to the Sun. The museum has a cafe and a shop, and during the events such as dance evenings are held
Observatorielunden is a park in Stockholms Vasastaden district. The Old Stockholm Observatory sits on top of the hill, and Stockholm Public Library, at the Old Stockholm Observatory theres a meteorological station which has measured temperature daily since 1756. This is the oldest continuous record of temperature in the world, the temperature is still measured daily there
Norrmalm is a city district in Stockholm, part of the larger Norrmalm borough. The southern part of the district, Lower Norrmalm, known as City, constitutes the most central part of Stockholm, the name Norrmalm is first mentioned in 1288. In 1602 Norrmalm became an independent city with its own mayor, the town was short lived and in 1635 it was incorporated with Stockholm again. Norrmalm is today considered to be the part of Stockholm. In the 1950s and 1960s, large parts of southern Norrmalm were torn down to build a new, the demolitions were carried out swiftly and many Stockholmers still miss old Klara. Among the new features created as a result of the clearances were the large plaza at Sergels Torg, norrmalmstorg Hötorget Kungsträdgården Stockholm Central Station Media related to Norrmalm at Wikimedia Commons Norrmalm travel guide from Wikivoyage
Kungsgatan is a street address in central Stockholm. At its western end it is connected to Kungsholmen by Kungsbron bridge and it is intercepted by the streets Vasagatan and Sveavägen. Two streets pass over it, Malmskillnadsgatan on Malmskillnadsbron bridge and Regeringsgatan on the Bridge of Regeringsgatan, kungsgatan passes by Hötorget public square where Stockholm Concert Hall is located. It is flanked by two buildings, the Kungstorn, each about 60 metres tall, kungsgatan was dug through the Brunkebergsåsen esker in the early 20th century and inaugurated in 1911. Today it is a shopping street flanked by cinemas, cafés
Battle of Brunkeberg
The Battle of Brunkeberg was fought on 10 October 1471 between the Swedish regent Sten Sture the Elder and forces led by Danish king Christian I. In May 1471, Sten Sture the Elder had been elected as Lord Protector of Sweden by the Riksmöte in Arboga, advocating Swedish secession from the Kalmar Union, Herr Sten as he was known, had garnered large support. In particular his followers were to be found among the peasantry, in Stockholm, the latter regions trading with German cities such as Lübeck often found themselves in conflict with Unions Danish foreign policy. In times the battle was often recast for propaganda reasons as a war of liberation against Danish oppressors. In reality, most combatants on both sides were Swedish and the roots of the conflict were primarily economic and political interests, in response to the election of Sture, Christian I sailed to Sweden with a military force, intending to unseat him as Lord Protector. Mooring his ships off Skeppsholmen in Stockholm, he set up camp on Brunkebergsåsen, on Thursday 10 October, Sten Sture and Nils Bosson Sture led their troops north to the area which is Hötorget in Stockholm today, near Brunkeberg after which the battle was named.
Sten Stures battle plan was to catch Christians troops in a vice, Sten would attack from the west, Nils from the east, in the ensuing battle, Christian was hit in the face by musket fire. Losing several teeth, he was forced to retire from battle, the decisive turn of battle in favor of Stures side occurred when Nils troops broke out of the forest north of the ridge, as Posses troops attacked from the city. This cut off a contingent of Danish troops at the Klara monastery north of the town, Christian retired with his troops towards the island of Käpplingen, however Stens troops destroyed the makeshift bridge Christians troops had built, causing many to drown. The battle ended in a victory for Sten Sture, Stures victory over Christian meant his power as regent of Sweden was secure and would remain so for the rest of his life. According to legend, Sture had prayed to Saint George before the battle, an altar dedicated to Saint George was built in the church
Eskers are frequently several kilometres long and, because of their peculiar uniform shape, are somewhat like railway embankments. The term esker is derived from the Irish word eiscir, which means ridge or elevation, the Irish word was and is used particularly to describe long sinuous ridges, which are now known to be deposits of fluvio-glacial material. Most eskers are argued to have formed within ice-walled tunnels by streams which flowed within and they tended to form around the time of the glacial maximum when the glacier was slow and sluggish. After the retaining ice walls melted away, stream deposits remained as long winding ridges, water can flow uphill if it is under pressure in an enclosed pipe, such as a natural tunnel in ice. Eskers may form above glaciers by accumulation of sediment in supraglacial channels, in crevasses, Eskers form near the terminal zone of glaciers, where the ice is not moving as fast and is relatively thin. Plastic flow and melting of the basal ice determines the size and this in turn determines the shape and structure of an esker.
Eskers may exist as a channel, or may be part of a branching system with tributary eskers. They are not often found as continuous ridges, but have gaps that separate the winding segments, the ridge crests of eskers are not usually level for very long, and are generally knobby. Eskers may be broad-crested or sharp-crested with steep sides and they can reach hundreds of kilometers in length and are generally 20–30 metres in height. The path of an esker is governed by its pressure in relation to the overlying ice. This process is what produces the wide eskers upon which roads, less pressure, occurring in areas closer to the glacial maximum, can cause ice to melt over the stream flow and create steep-walled, sharply-arched tunnels. The concentration of debris in the ice and the rate at which sediment is delivered to the tunnel by melting. The sediment generally consists of coarse-grained, water-laid sand and gravel and this sediment is stratified and sorted, and usually consists of pebble/cobble-sized material with occasional boulders.
Bedding may be irregular but is almost always present, and cross-bedding is common, Eskers are critical to the ecology of Northern Canada. In Sweden Uppsalaåsen stretches for 250 km and passes through Uppsala city, great Esker Park runs along the Back River in Weymouth, Massachusetts and is home to the highest esker in North America. Pispala in Tampere, Finland is on an esker between two lakes carved by glaciers, a similar site is Punkaharju in Finnish Lakeland. The village of Kemnay in Aberdeenshire, Scotland has a 5 km esker locally called the Kemb Hills, there are over 1,000 eskers in the state of Michigan, primarily in the south-central Lower Peninsula. The longest esker in Michigan is the 22 mile long Mason Esker, Esker systems in the U. S. state of Maine can be traced for up to 100 miles
The city is spread across 14 islands on the coast in the southeast of Sweden at the mouth of Lake Mälaren, by the Stockholm archipelago and the Baltic Sea. The area has settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC. It is the capital of Stockholm County, Stockholm is the cultural, media and economic centre of Sweden. The Stockholm region alone accounts for over a third of the countrys GDP and it is an important global city, and the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region. The city is home to some of Europes top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and it hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall. One of the citys most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited museum in Scandinavia. The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is known for its decoration of the stations. Swedens national football arena is located north of the city centre, Ericsson Globe, the national indoor arena, is in the southern part of the city.
The city was the host of the 1912 Summer Olympics, and hosted the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics otherwise held in Melbourne, Australia. Stockholm is the seat of the Swedish government and most of its agencies, including the highest courts in the judiciary, and the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister. The government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, and the Prime Ministers residence is adjacent at the Sager House. After the Ice Age, around 8,000 BCE, there were already a number of people living in the present-day Stockholm area. Thousands of years later, as the ground thawed, the climate became tolerable, at the intersection of the Baltic Sea and lake Mälaren is an archipelago site where the Old Town of Stockholm was first built from about 1000 CE by Vikings. They had a positive impact on the area because of the trade routes they created. Stockholms location appears in Norse sagas as Agnafit, and in Heimskringla in connection with the legendary king Agne, the earliest written mention of the name Stockholm dates from 1252, by which time the mines in Bergslagen made it an important site in the iron trade.
The first part of the name means log in Swedish, although it may be connected to an old German word meaning fortification, the second part of the name means islet, and is thought to refer to the islet Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. Stockholms core, the present Old Town was built on the island next to Helgeandsholmen from the mid 13th century onward. The city originally rose to prominence as a result of the Baltic trade of the Hanseatic League, Stockholm developed strong economic and cultural linkages with Lübeck, Gdańsk, Visby and Riga during this time