A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Paul von Bruns
Paul von Bruns was a German surgeon. He was born in Tübingen, was the son of surgeon Victor von Bruns, his father-in-law was Protestant theologian Karl Heinrich Weizsäcker. Bruns was born July 2, 1846. In 1882, Bruns became director of the surgical clinic at Tübingen, as well as a full professor at the University, he was the author of works on numerous medical subjects — laryngotomy for removal of growths in the larynx, acute osteomyelitis, gunshot wounds, limb operations and the treatment of goiters, to name a few. In 1885, he founded Beiträge zur klinischen Chirurgie, was its editor until his death. With Ernst von Bergmann and Jan Mikulicz-Radecki, he published the four-volume Handbuch der Chirurgie, he died -- June 1916 in Tübingen. Paul von Bruns obituary, British Medical Journal, 11 November 1916
Manfred Bruns is former federal attorney at the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, is a famous German gay civil rights activist. He was until 2016 a member of the Board of Directors of the Lesbian and Gay Association
The Brunswickan is the official student newspaper of the Fredericton campus of the University of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada. It has a circulation of 4,000 and issues are published on the first Wednesday each month, traditionally running 8 issues annually. A founding member of the Canadian University Press, The Brunswickan remains one of the largest community newspapers in Atlantic Canada, among the largest in Canada, well out-of-proportion to the size of its home campus. In January 2009, the paper switched from broadsheet to tabloid format in response to financial pressures, in an effort to reduce its impact on the environment; the Brunswickan subsequently dropped its circulation from 10,000 to 6,000 issues per week that month, again to 5,000 in 2012. Circulation dropped again to 4,000 in September 2013; the tagline for the paper, "Canada's Oldest Official Student Publication", combines two facts: the paper is the official student publication for the Fredericton campus of the University of New Brunswick and the first issue was published in 1867, prior to any other official student publication at a Canadian university.
Regional rival, The Dalhousie Gazette at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, claims the title of "oldest student newspaper in Canada." The Gazette has published consecutively since 1868, whereas there are significant gaps in the publishing history of The Brunswickan. In the past, members of the paper have been referred to as "brunsies", a term of pride and affection for some. Among its notable alumni are Gary Davis, Allan Pressman, Colin B. Mackay, Bliss Carman, Charles G. D. Roberts, Dalton Camp, Fredrik Eaton, Nathan White, Sean Patrick Sullivan, Chris Wilson-Smith, Ben Conoley, Donald Pringle and Kwame Dawes; the Brunswickan has The Baron, at the other UNB campus, UNB Saint John. The Brunswickan has a good-natured rivalry with The Aquinian, the campus newspaper for St. Thomas University, located on Fredericton's campus hill. News: Campus and off-campus coverage of student issues and events. Opinion: Editorials, regular columns, letters to the editor. Rebranded in Fall 2008 to become more student-focused.
Arts & Lifestyle: Something for everyone, from concert coverage to purse-making ventures. Books, theatre and other performing arts are covered as well as health and lifestyle. Occasional features are published that vary on subject matter and tie into different sections. Editor-in-Chief: Book Sadprasid Business and Creative Manager: Maria Nazareth Araujo Arts and Lifestyle Editor: Isabelle Leger News: Alexandre Silberman Features: Brad Ackerson Marketing: Samantha McCready Multimedia: Cameron Lane Copy: Natasha Williamson Reporters: Disha Bisto & Patrick Donovan Editor-In-Chief 2018-19: Book Sadprasid 2017-18: Emma McPhee 2016-17: Adam Travis 2015-16: Emma McPhee 2014-15: Tess Allen 2013-14: Nick Murray 2012-13: Sandy Chase 2011-12: Christopher Cameron 2010-11: Colin McPhail 2009-10: Sarah Ratchford 2008-09: Josh O'Kane 2007-08: Jennifer McKenzie 2006-07: Tony von Richter, Michele Legendre, Tony von Richter, David Arthurs 2005-06: Brendan Doyle 2004-05: Patrick Reinartz 2003-04: Sean Patrick Sullivan 2002-03: Sean Patrick Sullivan 2001-02: Cindy Brown 2000-01: Cindy Brown 1999-00: Joseph Wilfred John FitzPatrick III 1998-99: Joseph Wilfred John FitzPatrick III 1997-98: Joseph Wilfred John FitzPatrick III 1996-97: Mary Rogal-Black, Joseph Wilfred John FitzPatrick III 1995-96: Mark Morgan 1994-95: Al Johnstone 1993-94: Karen Burgess 1992-93: Allan Carter 1991-92: Kwame Dawes 1989-91: Kwame Dawes 1988-89: Stephane Comeau 1987-88: Mark Stevens.
Ludwig Bruns was a German neurologist, a native of Hanover. He studied medicine in Göttingen and Munich, receiving his doctorate in 1882. Subsequently, he was an assistant to Eduard Hitzig at the insane asylum in Nietleben as well as at the psychiatric and nerve clinic in Halle. Afterwards he worked with Hermann Oppenheim at the Charité Hospital in Berlin. Bruns would maintain a working relationship with Oppenheim throughout his professional career, he studied in Paris and England returning to his hometown of Hanover, where in 1903 he became a professor of neurology. Bruns was the first director of the Gesellschaft Deutscher Nervenärzte. Bruns was interested in all aspects of neurology, however he is best known for his work in the fields of child neurology and neuropsychology. In 1906 he published Die Hysterie im Kindesalter, in which he explains that abnormal behaviour in children is due to internal conflicts, being caused by overbearing parents who favor harsh punishment, his most significant work was Handbuch der Nervenkrankheiten im Kindesalter, a textbook he co-authored with August Cramer and Theodor Ziehen.
In addition. He published an important treatise on localization of tumors titled Die Geschwultse des Nervensystem. Bruns ataxia: Difficulty in moving the feet when they are in contact with the ground and a tendency to fall backwards, associated with frontal lobe lesions. Bruns’ syndrome: Characterized by sudden and severe headache, accompanied by vomiting and vertigo, triggered by abrupt movement of the head. Principal causes are cysts and cysticerosis of the fourth ventricle, tumours of the midline of the cerebellum and third ventricle. Bastian-Bruns law: In complete transverse lesion in the upper spinal cord, the tendon reflexes and muscular tone below the level of the lesion are lost. Named with neurologist Henry Charlton Bastian. Bruns nystagmus: Bilateral nystagmus found in patients with vestibular schwannoma. Stephen Ashwal; the founders of child neurology. Norman Publishing. ISBN 0-930405-26-9. Ludwig Bruns @ Who Named It
Victor von Bruns
Victor von Bruns was a German surgeon born in Helmstedt. He studied at Braunschweig, Tübingen and Berlin, from 1843 to 1882 was a professor of surgery at the University of Tübingen, his son, Paul von Bruns was a professor of surgery at Tübingen. In 1872 he was a founding member of the German Society of Surgery. Bruns was a leading authority in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery known for his work in lip and cheek reconstruction, he is known for his pioneer work in laryngology, was among the first to perform operations for laryngeal polyps and tumors. Bruns popularized usage of absorbent cotton wool dressings, which became a standard practice in modern antiseptic treatment of wounds, he died in Tübingen. Handbuch der praktischen Chirurgie. Durchschneidung der Gesichtsnerven beim Gesichtsschmerz. NCBI Victor von Bruns and his contributions to plastic and reconstructive surgery