The Daily Show
The Daily Show is an American late-night talk and news satire television program. It airs each Monday through Thursday on Comedy Central. Describing itself as a fake news program, The Daily Show draws its comedy and satire from recent news stories, political figures, media organizations, uses self-referential humor as well; the half-hour-long show premiered on July 21, 1996, was first hosted by Craig Kilborn until December 17, 1998. Jon Stewart took over as the host from January 11, 1999, until August 6, 2015, making the show more focused on political satire and news satire, in contrast with the pop culture focus during Kilborn's tenure. Stewart was succeeded by Trevor Noah, whose tenure premiered on September 28, 2015. Under different hosts, the show has been formally known as The Daily Show with Jon Stewart from 1999 until 2015, The Daily Show with Trevor Noah since 2015; the Daily Show is the longest-running program on Comedy Central, has won 24 Primetime Emmy Awards. The program is popular among young audiences.
The Pew Research Center suggested in 2010 that 74% of regular viewers were between 18 and 49, that 10% of the audience watched the show for its news headlines, 2% for in-depth reporting, 43% for entertainment, compared with 64% who watched CNN for the news headlines. Critics chastised Stewart for not conducting sufficiently hard-hitting interviews with his political guests, some of whom he may have lampooned in previous segments. Stewart and other Daily Show writers responded to such criticism by saying that they do not have any journalistic responsibility and that as comedians their only duty is to provide entertainment. Stewart's appearance on the CNN show Crossfire picked up this debate, where he chastised the CNN production and hosts for not conducting informative and current interviews on a news network; each episode begins with announcer Drew Birns announcing the date and the introduction, "From Comedy Central's World News Headquarters in New York, this is The Daily Show with Trevor Noah".
The introduction was "This is The Daily Show, the most important television program, ever." The host opens the show with a monologue drawing from current news stories and issues. The show had divided its news commentary into sections known as "Headlines", "Other News", "This Just In"; some episodes will begin with a 1–3 minute intro on a small story before transitioning into the main story of the night. The monologue segment is followed by a segment featuring an exchange with a correspondent—typically introduced as the show's "senior" specialist in the subject at hand—either at the anchor desk with the host or reporting from a false location in front of a greenscreen showing stock footage, their stated areas of expertise vary depending on the news story, being discussed, can range from general to absurdly specific. The cast of correspondents is quite diverse, many sarcastically portray extreme stereotypes of themselves to poke fun at a news story, such as "Senior Latino Correspondent", "Senior Youth Correspondent" or "Senior Black Correspondent".
They present absurd or humorously exaggerated takes on current events against the host's straight man. While correspondents stated to be reporting abroad are performing in-studio in front of a greenscreen background, on rare occasions, cast members have recorded pieces on location. For instance, during the week of August 20, 2007, the show aired a series of segments called "Operation Silent Thunder: The Daily Show in Iraq" in which correspondent Rob Riggle reported from Iraq. In August 2008, Riggle traveled to China for a series of segments titled "Rob Riggle: Chasing the Dragon", which focused on the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Jason Jones traveled to Iran in early June 2009 to report on the Iranian elections, John Oliver traveled to South Africa for the series of segments "Into Africa" to report on the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In March 2012, Oliver traveled to Gabon, on the west African coast, to report on the Gabonese government's decision to donate $2 million to UNESCO after the United States cut its funding for UNESCO earlier that year.
On July 19, 2016, Roy Wood Jr. reported live from the Republican National Convention and talked about Donald Trump's African-American support. Correspondent segments feature a rotating supporting cast, involve the show's members travelling to different locations to file comedic reports on current news stories and conduct interviews with people related to the featured issue. Topics have varied widely. Since Stewart began hosting in 1999, the focus of the show has become more political and the field pieces have come to more reflect current issues and debates. Under Kilborn and the early years of Stewart, most interviewees were either unaware or not aware of the comedic nature of The Daily Show. However, as the show began to gain popularity—particularly following its coverage of the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections—most of the subjects now interviewed are aware of the comedic element; some segments have recurred periodically throughout different tenures, such as "Back in Black" & "Your Moment of Zen".
Since the 2003 invasion of Iraq, a common segment of the show has been dubbed "Mess O' Potamia", focusing on the United States' policies in the Middle East Iraq. Elections in the United States were a prominent focus in the show's "Indecision" cover
Ohio State Buckeyes football
The Ohio State Buckeyes football team competes as part of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, representing Ohio State University in the East Division of the Big Ten Conference. Ohio State has played their home games at Ohio Stadium in Columbus, Ohio since 1922; the Buckeyes are recognized by the university and NCAA as having won eight national championships along with 39 conference championships, seven division championships, 10 undefeated seasons, six perfect seasons. As of 2017, the football program is valued at $1.5 billion, the highest valuation of any such program in the country. The first Ohio State game was a 20–14 victory over Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, Ohio, on May 3, 1890; the team was a football independent from 1890 to 1901 before joining the Ohio Athletic Conference as a charter member in 1902. The Buckeyes won two conference championships while members of the OAC and in 1912 became members of the Big Ten Conference. Ohio State won their first national championship in 1942 under head coach Paul Brown.
Following World War II, Ohio State saw sparse success on the football field with three separate coaches and in 1951 hired Woody Hayes to coach the team. Under Hayes, Ohio State won over 200 games, 13 Big Ten championships and five national championships, had four Rose Bowl wins in eight appearances. Following Hayes' dismissal in 1978, Earle Bruce and John Cooper coached the team to a combined seven conference championships between them. Jim Tressel was hired as head coach in 2001 and led Ohio State to its seventh national championship in 2002. Under Tressel, Ohio State won seven Big Ten championships and appeared in eight Bowl Championship Series games, winning five of them. In November 2011, Urban Meyer became head coach. Under Meyer, the team went 12–0 in his first season and set a school record with 24 consecutive victories, won three Big Ten championships, won the first College Football Playoff National Championship of its kind in 2014. After early attempts at forming a team in 1886 and 1887, football was established at the university in 1890.
On the site of the first OSU game, on the campus of Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, Ohio, on May 3, 1890, the Delaware County Historical Society has set an historical marker. Some histories of Ohio State football credit George Cole, an undergraduate, Alexander S. Lilley with introducing the sport to the campus. More recent research has challenged that claim, stating that George Cole persuaded Lilley to coach the football team during its first full season that fall. OSU's first home game took place at 2:30 p.m. on November 1, 1890. They played the University of Wooster on the site, called Recreation Park. Just east of historic German Village, the park occupied the north side of Schiller, between Ebner and Jaeger, in what is now Schumacher Place. OSU lost the game, 64–0. Over the next eight years, under a number of coaches, the team played to a cumulative record of 31 wins, 39 losses, 2 ties; the first game against the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, was a 34–0 loss in 1897, a year that saw the low point in Buckeye football history with a 1–7–1 record.
Jack Ryder was Ohio State's first paid coach, earning $150 per season, lost his first game, against Oberlin College and John Heisman, on October 15, 1892. In 1899 the university hired John Eckstorm to bring professional coaching skills to the program and went undefeated. In 1901, center John Segrist was fatally injured in a game against Western Reserve University and the continuation of football at Ohio State was in serious question. Although the school's athletic board let the team decide its future, Eckstorm resigned. In 1912 football underwent a number of developments that included joining the Western Conference, making football as part of a new Department of Athletics, hiring Lynn W. St. John to be athletic director. Chic Harley attended East High in Columbus and was one of the greatest players to attend an Ohio high school, he passed, received, punted and played defense. Harley came to Ohio State in 1916 and Columbus fans fell in love with the Chic. Harley and the Buckeyes won the first Big Ten championship in school history in 1916 when the Buckeyes finished 7–0.
He would repeat in 1917 giving the Buckeyes a second outright title. In 1918, he left to be a pilot in the air force for World War I. With Harley's return in 1919, the Buckeyes would only lose one game—to Illinois. Chic Harley left OSU with a career record of 22–1–1. At the time, OSU played at the small Ohio Field and Harley brought such record crowds it became necessary to open Ohio Stadium in 1922; the stadium was built on fan donations and several stadium drives around the city where Harley would appear. In 1951, when the College Football Hall of Fame opened, Harley was inducted as an inaugural member. Ohio State's first rival was Kenyon College, a small liberal arts college in Gambier 50 miles to the northeast; the Buckeyes first played them in their first season in 1890 on Nov 27, Kenyon won the first two meetings. Kenyon made it their season goal to defeat OSU. After the Bucks joined the Big Ten they stopped playing Kenyon; the all-time record stands at 18–6, OSU. In hiring Francis Schmidt in March 1934 to coach its football team, Ohio State moved its program to a "big-time" level of competition.
Schmidt was an acknowledged offensive innovator. His offensive schemes were a "wide-open" style called "razzle-dazzle" and led him to be the first Buckeye footb
Capital One Financial Corporation is a bank holding company specializing in credit cards, auto loans and savings accounts headquartered in McLean, Virginia. Capital One is ranked 10th on the list of largest banks in the United States by assets; the bank has 755 branches including 2,000 ATMs. It is ranked 101st on the Fortune 500, 17th on Fortune's 100 Best Companies to Work For list, conducts business in the United States and the United Kingdom; the company helped pioneer the mass marketing of credit cards in the 1990s. In 2016, it was the 5th largest credit card issuer by purchase volume, after American Express, JP Morgan Chase, Bank of America, Citigroup. With a market share of 5%, Capital One is the 2nd largest auto finance company in the United States, after Ally Financial. In the fourth quarter of 2018, 75% of the company's revenues were from credit cards, 14% were from consumer banking, 11% were from commercial banking. Capital One operates 3 divisions as follows: Credit Cards – Capital One issues credit cards in the United States and the United Kingdom and is the 3rd largest credit card issuer, after JP Morgan Chase and Citigroup.
As of December 31, 2018, Capital One had $107.350 billion in credit card loans outstanding in the United States and $9.011 billion of credit card loans outstanding in Canada and the United Kingdom, with credit cards in total representing 47.3% of total loans outstanding. Consumer Banking – offers banking services, including checking accounts, saving accounts, money market accounts via its branches and direct bank as well as retail and auto loans; as of December 31, 2018, the company had $2.864 billion in retail loans outstanding and $56.341 billion in car finance loans outstanding, representing 22.9% of total loans outstanding. Commercial banking – As of December 31, 2018, Capital One had $70.333 billion in loans outstanding secured by commercial and industrial properties, representing 28.6% of total loans outstanding:). On July 27, 1994, Virginia-based Signet Financial Corp announced the corporate spin-off of its credit card division, OakStone Financial, naming Richard Fairbank as CEO. Signet renamed the subsidiary Capital One in October 1994.
At that time, Capital One was a monoline bank, meaning that all of its revenue came from a single product, in this case, credit cards. This strategy is risky in. Capital One attributed its relative success as a monoline to its use of data collection to build demographic profiles, allowing it to target personalized offers of credit direct to consumers. Capital One began operations in Canada in 1996. In July 1998, Capital One acquired auto financing company Summit Acceptance Corporation. In 1999, Capital One was looking to expand beyond credit cards. CEO Richard Fairbank announced moves to use Capital One's experience with collecting consumer data to offer loans and phone service. In October 2001, PeopleFirst Finance LLC was acquired by Capital One; the companies were combined and rebranded as Capital One Auto Finance Corporation in 2003. In late 2002, Capital One and the United States Postal Service proposed a negotiated services agreement for bulk discount in mailing services; the resulting three-year agreement was extended in 2006.
In June 2008, Capital One had filed a complaint with the USPS regarding the terms of the next agreement, citing the terms of the NSA of Capital One's competitor, Bank of America. Capital One subsequently withdrew its complaint to the Postal Regulatory Commission following a settlement with the USPS. Onyx Acceptance Corporation was acquired by Capital One in January 2005. While many other monolines were acquired by larger, diverse banks, Capital One expanded into retail banking with a focus on subprime customers. Capital One acquired New Orleans, Louisiana-based Hibernia National Bank for $4.9 billion in cash and stock in 2005 and acquired Melville, New York-based North Fork Bank for $13.2 billion in cash and stock in 2006, which reduced its dependency on credit cards from 90% to 55%. In 2007, Capital One acquired a marketer of prepaid debit cards, for $700 million. During the 2007 subprime mortgage financial crisis, Capital One closed its mortgage platform, GreenPoint Mortgage, due in part to investor pressures.
In 2008, Capital One received an investment of US$3.56 billion from the United States Treasury as a result of the Troubled Asset Relief Program. On June 17, 2009, Capital One completed the repurchase of the stock the company issued to the U. S. Treasury paying a total of US$3.67 billion, resulting in a profit of over $100 million to the U. S. Treasury; the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission criticized Capital One's conduct during the crisis, claiming that they understated auto loan losses during the financial crisis of 2007–2008. In 2013, Capital One paid $3.5 million to settle the case, but was not required to directly address the allegations of wrongdoing. In February 2009, Capital One acquired Chevy Chase Bank for $520 million in stock. In June 2011, ING Group announced the sale of its ING Direct division to Capital One for US$9 billion in cash and stock. On August 26, 2011, the Federal Reserve Board of Governors announced it would hold public hearings on the Capital One acquisition of ING Direct, extend to October 12, 2011, the public comment period, scheduled to end August 22.
The move came amidst rising scrutiny of the deal on systemic risk, or "Too-Big-to-Fail," performance under the Community Reinvestment Act, pending legal challenges. A coalition of national civil rights and consumer groups, led by the National Community Reinvestment Coalition, were joined by Rep. Barney Frank to challenge immediate approval of the deal; the groups argued that the acquis
The Ohio Bobcats are the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Intercollegiate athletic teams that represent Ohio University, located in Athens, United States. Ohio University is a charter member of the Mid-American Conference, is in the East Division of that conference, sponsors teams in six men's and ten women's NCAA sanctioned sports; the football team competes in the highest level for college football. Ohio's baseball and fastpitch softball teams have storied programs; the Ohio baseball program has won 14 MAC regular season titles in 1947, 1948, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1991. The team has won MAC tournament titles in 1997 and 2015, has made a College World Series appearance in 1970. There have been a total of 23 Bobcats in the major leagues, hundreds more in the minors. Most notably, hall of famer Mike Schmidt was a Bobcat, selected 30th in the 1971 Major League Baseball draft following his senior season. Although softball at Ohio University began earlier than the 1970s, records were not well kept.
Upon the creation of the Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, the current program began to take shape. The 1974 team, led by Head Coach Joyce King, went undefeated, boasting a record of 11-0-1, it was not until 1975. In that 1975 season, the team went 16-1 and made it to the AIAW Women's College World Series for the first time in program history; the early success continued. The MAC and the NCAA did not begin to recognize women's softball until 1980 and both neglected to sponsor a tournament until 1982; the first MAC tournament featured the Bobcats as the runner-up. In her second season, head coach Tracy Bunge led the Bobcats to the most wins in a season with a record of 39-22, winning their first MAC title and their first appearance in the NCAA regional play. In the 2014 season, the softball program won its first MAC tournament title, they were able to receive an automatic bid for the NCAA Championship tournament. During this season, they tied their record for most regular season wins at 32, while reaching their first national postseason tournament in 19 years.
The current head coach of the Bobcats is Jodi Hermanek, who accepted the position on July 17, 2008. Her time of coaching at Ohio University has been remarkable, leading the team to break their program records in total strikeouts, most wins in a season, its first MAC championship title. Ohio's home basketball games are played at the 13,080-seat Convocation Center. Located on the West Green of Ohio University's main campus, the venue has a seating capacity of 13,080. Ohio is one of the attendance leaders in the Mid-American Conference and has the ability to draw good crowds, win or lose; the arena was completed in 1968 and is the largest basketball facility in the Mid-American Conference. The Bobcats have won over 75% of their home games since the opening of The Convo. Prior to playing at the Convo, Ohio basketball games were first played in Bentley Hall and at Grover Center, two buildings that today exist as office space and classrooms for the university; the Convocation Center brought in its largest crowd on February 28, 1970, when 14,102 fans were in attendance to watch the Bobcats men's basketball team defeat the Bowling Green Falcons 77-76.
The first Ohio basketball game occurred in 1907 when the Bobcats defeated the Parkersburg YMCA 46-9. Since that day, Ohio has posted a.571 winning percentage over their 100-year history and a.566 winning percentage in their 65 years in the Mid-American Conference. The Bobcats have won 6 Mid-American Conference tournament titles in 1983, 1985, 1994, 2005, 2010, 2012; as well as 9 MAC regular season titles in 1960, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1985, 1994. Prior to joining the MAC, the'Cats won an Ohio Athletic Conference title in 1921 and three Buckeye Athletic Association championships in 1931, 1933, 1937. In addition, Ohio has played in the NCAA Tournament 13 times, appearing in 1960, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1983, 1985, 1994, 2005, 2010, 2012; the Bobcats have been selected for the National Invitation Tournament 4 times in 1941, 1969, 1986, 1995, while appearing in the College Basketball Invitational in 2008. As a result of the storied tradition of Ohio Bobcats basketball, the program was ranked 86th in Street & Smith's 100 Greatest Basketball Programs of All Time, published in 2005.
Some of Ohio's famous men's basketball coaches include Jim Snyder, Danny Nee, Larry Hunter and John Groce. Jim Snyder led the Bobcats for 26 years and helped Ohio to 7 NCAA Tournament appearances and one NIT appearance. Snyder's teams compiled a 355-255 record, good for a.581 winning percentage. Former Ohio coach Danny Nee led Ohio for 7 years from 1980–1986. Nee helped rebuild the program from several years of losing records, he helped lead the team to 2 MAC Tournament titles, 2 NCAA Tournament appearances, one NIT appearance. Following Nee's tenure at Ohio, he took a job as head coach of the Nebraska Cornhuskers. Today Nee is head coach of the Duquesne Dukes. Larry Hunter served as head coach of Ohio from 1989–2001, compiling a winning percentage of.580. His teams made one NCAA Tournament appearance in 1994, an NIT appearance in 1995, won the Pre-Season NIT in 1994. Despite his record as coach of the Bobcats, Hunter was relieved of his duties in 2001 for a lack of postseason success. Today, Hunter is head coach of the Western Carolina Catamounts.
Ohio's head coach from 2001 to 2008 was Tim O'Shea. Coach O'Shea resigned on Monday June 23, 2008, in order to become
The Lantern is the official, daily student-published university newspaper at The Ohio State University. It is one of the largest campus newspapers in the United States, reaching a circulation of 15,000. Sections of The Lantern include Campus, Arts+Entertainment and a Student Voice page managed by the editor-in-chief. Copies of the paper are available on campus and throughout Columbus. Editions are published in print Monday through Friday with online-only editions published Fridays and during Summer Quarter; the Lantern received national attention in 2011 when it broke news regarding members of the school's illustrious football team selling memorabilia for money and tattoos. The paper was chartered in 1881 and became an integral part of the School of Journalism in 1914. At one time in the past, with a circulation of 28,000 papers during the regular school year and readership of 75,000, it was the third largest college newspaper in the country; the Lantern is a laboratory paper, put together daily by students in the newsroom of the Journalism Building.
There are 14 paid student editors and assistant editors who change after completion of two academic semesters. Student reporters, most of whom contribute through the Lantern practicum class, are not paid; the business side of the newspaper is operated by 15 full-time employees and 5-7 student account executives responsible for advertising sales. The Lantern has faced several of the same problems the rest of the newspaper industry has suffered over the past few years, it was projected to lose more than $150,000 according to School of Communication officials. In efforts to prevent further losses, the newspaper was forced to cut circulation down to about 15,000 and suspended the summer printing of The Lantern. Summer Quarter issues continue to be published on the paper's website. In the past few years, The Lantern has gone through several different advisers, some of whom grew discontent with the school; the current faculty adviser for The Lantern is Spencer Hunt, a former reporter at the Columbus Dispatch and Cincinnati Enquirer.
The Lantern posts all its stories on its website. Stories are posted online-only during Summer Quarter. In addition to the stories in print, the website includes a multimedia section for photo slide shows, videos and a weekly video webcast. Sports and Arts & Life podcasts are posted on the website. Visitors may view print editions of the paper, made available by Issuu; the website is powered by College Media Network's College Publisher. It is one of the most visited websites in the network. Stories from The Lantern's website are made available through the online college wire service, UWIRE; the Lantern is parodied by The Fake Lantern, an anonymous Twitter account and website. In 2011, The Lantern won the "General Excellence" award from the Ohio Newspaper Association, deeming it the top collegiate newspaper in the state of Ohio; the Lantern's seven wins in the categories of editorial writing, sports coverage, headline writing, design, best newspaper website and news coverage combined to give the newspaper the General Excellence award.
The Lantern won "Best College Daily Newspaper" in Ohio by the Ohio chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists in 2011, as well. In 2018, The Lantern won "Best College Newspaper: Non-Daily" in Ohio for the Ohio SPJ Awards. Additionally, reporters won first and second place for "Best College Feature Writing," "Best College News Writing," and "Best College Sports Writing." In Spring 2010, a situation occurred on campus in which two cows escaped from the Veterinary Hospital, started running loose on campus. After several vet students and faculty were trampled in attempts to wrangle the animals, the Ohio State University Police cordoned off several areas of campus, resorted to force to stop the cows, who were tranquilized and recaptured with assistance of staff from the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium. During the commotion, a student photographer from The Lantern purportedly disobeyed orders from police officers to leave the area. After claiming freedom of the press, he was arrested for the misconduct.
The School of Communication protested the arrest, though the school did not provide the photographer legal aid. Many other journalism outlets took his side, the photographer was never charged. Months after news broke that Ohio State quarterback Terrelle Pryor, as well as several other teammates, had been involved with selling memorabilia for tattoos and money, The Lantern published a story on May 25, 2011, in which former football player Ray Small admitted to selling memorabilia for money; the two reporters on the story, editor-in-chief Zack Meisel and sports reporter James Oldham, received threats from angry Ohio State fans as a result. Meisel and The Lantern received national attention for their coverage, including appearances on ESPN's Outside the Lines and in the Wall Street Journal, among others. Head football coach Jim Tressel resigned on May 2011, in response to the scandal. Leonard Downie, Jr. former executive editor of the Washington Post W. M. Kiplinger, founder of Kiplinger The Lantern online version
Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States, based in suburban Chicago, Illinois. Despite its name, the conference consists of 14 members, they compete in the NCAA Division I. The conference includes the flagship public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska, as well as two additional public land grant schools and a private university; the Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H. Smart and representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Northwestern University, University of Wisconsin gathered at Chicago's Palmer House Hotel to set policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics. In 1905, the conference was incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives"; the conference is one of the nation's oldest, predating the founding of the NCAA by a decade, was one of the first collegiate conferences to sponsor men's basketball.
Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities with large financial endowments and strong academic reputations. Large student enrollment is a hallmark of Big Ten Universities, as 13 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 20,000 or more students. Northwestern University, the only full member with a total enrollment of fewer than 30,000 students, is the lone private university among Big Ten membership. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni. Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year. Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century as an assemblage of universities located in the Midwest, the conference's geographic footprint now stretches east to the Atlantic Ocean. Big Ten universities are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, an academic consortium. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures. Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten has grown to fourteen members, with the following universities accepting invitations to join: Pennsylvania State University in 1990, the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011, both the University of Maryland and Rutgers University in 2014.
Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in men's lacrosse, in 2015, it was accepted as an associate member in women's lacrosse. Notre Dame joined the Big Ten on July 2017 as an associate member in men's ice hockey. Notes Notes The University of Chicago was a co-founder of the conference. Lake Forest College attended the original 1895 meeting that led to the formation of the conference, but never participated in athletics or any other activities. Full members Full members Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 men's and 14 women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Notes: * Notre Dame joined the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in men's ice hockey, it continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent. ° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse, with women's lacrosse to follow in 2016.
It continues to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial ConferenceMen's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools: Notes: 1: Fencing is a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams. 2: Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Men's Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008, but remains a member of the EARC. 3: Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is coeducational. 4: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team. Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools: Initiated and led by Purdue University President James Henry Smart, the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics.
The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion. The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896. Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more known as the Western Conference, consisting of Illinois, Wisconsin, Chicago and Northwestern; the first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911, but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules. Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912; the first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in December 1916, when Michigan sought to rejoin th
Glidden is a paint brand manufactured by PPG Industries, one of the largest global coatings companies, sold at The Home Depot, independent paint dealers and on Amazon. Glidden was purchased by British conglomerate ICI in 1986, which in turn was acquired by Dutch conglomerate AkzoNobel in 2008. PPG Industries announced an agreement to acquire Glidden from AkzoNobel for $1.05 billion on December 14, 2012. The transaction closed April 1, 2013. Following the deal, PPG will be the second largest paint manufacturer in North America, behind Sherwin-Williams. Glidden was started in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1875 by Francis Harrington Glidden, Levi Brackett and Thomas Bolles, it began making varnishes for furniture, pianos and wagons. It expanded opening a 17-acre varnish factory in 1908, claimed to be the largest in the world, it was named the Glidden, Brackett & Company and was renamed to the Glidden & Joy Company, in 1890 incorporated as The Glidden Varnish Company. Francis Glidden retired from the business at the age of 85, turning the company over to Adrian D. Joyce and his associates after a public sale.
Joyce became president when Glidden was incorporated in 1917, a title he would retain until 1950, when his son, Dwight P. Joyce, succeeded him. Joyce rolled up ten varnish competitors in his first two years at the helm. During the Roaring Twenties, Joyce expanded the company by integrating vertically through the acquisition of chemical and pigment companies, creating The Glidden Food Products Co. in 1920. Glidden famously employed the chemist Percy Julian in the 1930s, one of the first African-Americans to receive a Ph. D. in Chemistry. In 1967, Glidden became the Glidden-Durkee Division of that company. In less than 10 years, the division became responsible for two thirds of SCM's sales. SCM was acquired by Hanson Trust, PLC, in 1986. ICI was bought by the Dutch company AkzoNobel in 2008. Glidden website Jap-A-Lac, Glidden Varnish Company, 1890 Kenneth Franzheim II Rare Books Room, William R. Jenkins Architecture and Art Library, University of Houston Digital Library