Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Blue Skies (Bryan Duncan album)
Blue Skies is a 1996 studio album by Contemporary Christian music artist Bryan Duncan. "Blue Skies" - 4:18 "Turnin'" - 3:19 "After This Day Is Gone" - 5:17 "One Touch Away" - 3:45 "Dying to Meet You" - 5:32 "A Whisper Heard Around the World" - 4:25 "No Greater Love" - 5:07 "Tell Me Where You Are" - 3:50 "Joy Is A Singable Thing" - 3:19 "Take Another Look At Me" - 4:54 "Dying to Meet You" / "Take Heart" - 6:32 Bryan Duncan – lead vocals Alan Pasqua – keyboards, track arrangements Tim Pierce – guitars, track arrangements Jimmie Lee Sloas – bass guitar James Raymond – Minimoog bass Scott Williamson – drums Bob Wilson – drums, brass arrangements Eric Boseman – percussion Steve Latanation – percussion Kim Hutchcroft – saxophone David Beatty – trombone, euphonium Larry Hall – trumpet Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell – backing vocals Lisa Lashawn – backing vocals Dave Pettway – backing vocals Producer – Dan Posthuma Associate Producer, Engineer – Dan Garcia Assistant Engineers – Teresa Cactin, Brian Carney, Scott Lovelis and Greg Parker.
Recorded at Seventeen Grand Studio. Mixed by Steve MacMillan at Westlake Studios and A&M Studios. Mix Assistants – Tim Gerron and Krishan Sharma Mastered by Hank Williams at MasterMix. Art Direction – Christy Coxe Design – Kerosene Halo Photography – Robert Sebree Styling – Michelle Thompson Hair and Make-up – Kara Yoshimoto Management – Ray Ware
Maranatha! Music is a Christian music record label, founded as a nonprofit ministry of Calvary Chapel in 1971; the label is distributed by a division of Universal Music. In the early 1970s Calvary Chapel was home to more than 15 musical groups that were representative of the Jesus movement. In 1971, Maranatha! Music was founded as a nonprofit outreach of Calvary Chapel to popularize and promote a new, folk-rock style of hymns and worship songs influenced by the Jesus people; some of the early Maranatha! Recording groups were Sweet Comfort Band, Love Song, Chuck Girard, Children of the Day, The Way, Debby Kerner, Mustard Seed Faith, Karen Lafferty, Daniel Amos; the label's first release was a various artists compilation entitled The Everlastin' Living Jesus Music Concert, in 1971. Maranatha! branched into the children's market segment. Premier products included Psalty the Kid's Praise Kids. In the early 1990s this segment represented about 40% of company revenues. In the 1980s, Maranatha! launched Broken Records, a label focusing on modern rock and alternative music.
The "Colours" series contained instrumental music in the vein of New Age artists, but the label avoided the term. In 1990, Maranatha! was awarded the National Religious Broadcasters' President's Award. In 1991, the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Gospel Music Association. Praise 1: The Praise Album Praise 2: Open Our Eyes Praise 3: Behold, Bless Ye the Lord Praise 4: In His Time Praise 5: Glorify Thy Name Praise 6: Come and Sing Praises Praise 7: The Lord Reigns Praise 8: As the Deer Praise 9: Great Are You Lord Praise 10: O Lord, My Lord Praise 11: Let Us Worship the Lord, Jehovah Praise 12: He Is Able Praise 13: Meet Us Here Praise 14: I Will Celebrate 20 Years of Hope: 1971-1991 Praise 15: He Has Made Me Glad Praise 16: The Power of Your Love Praise 17: In Your Presence Praise 18: Grace Alone Praise 19: Glorious Father Praise 20: Who Is Like the Lord A Time for Joy – Reflections In Guitar – Steve Erquiaga and Wayne Brasel A Time for Peace – Ivory Sessions – Jeffrey Lams, Frank Martin, Kenneth Nash Candlelight Colours - A Dinner Music Collection – Werner Hucks, Tom Howard, Kenneth Nash, Steve Erquiaga, Dieter Falk, Jeffrey Lambs Christmas Colours – John Andrew Schreiner Classical Praise Cello – Robin Thompson-Clarke Classical Praise Piano – Tom Keene Colours in the Night – Saxophone Solos - George Brooks Hiding Place – Music for Devotions – Nick Coetzee Hymns In Colour – Harlan Rogers and Smitty Price I Love You Lord – Classical Guitar Praise – Rob and Gilly Bennett Instruments of Your Peace – Celtic Music for Devotions – John Andrew Schreiner Jesus You Are My Life – Shawn Tubbs Jesus, Draw Me Close – Music for Devotions – Phil Kristianson Palette – A Colours Sampler – Tom Howard Ensemble, Phil Keaggy and Jeffrey Lams Praise – Harlan Rogers and Smitty Price Praise Beyond Words – Harlan Rogers, Phil Keaggy, Tom Howard Prisms – Portraits In Synthesis – Jeffrey Lams and John Andrew Schreiner Rainmaker – Music for Devotions – Nick Coetzee Reflection – A Colours Sampler – Tom Howard, Phil Keaggy, Smitty Price and Harlan Rogers Solo Piano – Tom Howard Spectrum – The Colours Sampler – Tom Howard, Phil Keaggy, Jeffrey Lams, John Andrew Schreiner and Steve Erquiaga Technicolours – Bob Somma & John Campbell The Colours of Praise Two – Harlan Rogers and Smitty Price The Gift – A Colours Christmas – Jeffrey Lams, John Andrew Schreiner, Tom Howard, Harlan Rogers and Smitty Price The Harvest – Piano Solos – Tom Howard The Hidden Passage – Tom Howard The Wind and the Wheat – Phil Keaggy Timeless – Hymns In Colour – Harlan Rogers & Smitty Price Note: This series is the same as the Maranatha Colours projects except the song titles have been renamed.
The original artist and music are retained. Hope – issued as "Classical Praise Cello" Mercy – issued as "Classical Praise Piano" Reflection - issued as "Tom Howard – The Harvest" Rest – issued as "A Time For Joy" Restoration - Compilation from Sanctuary Series Shelter – issued as "Tom Howard – The Hidden Passage" Serenity – issued as "Tom Howard – Solo Piano" Vision – issued as "Technicolours" Charles Billingsley Jonathan Butler Terry Clark Teri DeSario Lenny LeBlanc Tommy Walker Kelly Willard List of record labels Official website Discography at bsnpubs.com Official YouTube Channel
Riverside is a city in Riverside County, United States, located in the Inland Empire metropolitan area. Riverside is the county seat of the eponymous county and named for its location beside the Santa Ana River, it is the most populous city in the Inland Empire and in Riverside County, is located about 55 miles east of downtown Los Angeles. It is part of the Greater Los Angeles area. Riverside is the 59th most populous city in the United States and 12th most populous city in California; as of the 2010 Census, Riverside had a population of 303,871. Riverside was founded in the early 1870s, it is the birthplace of the California citrus industry and home of the Mission Inn, the largest Mission Revival Style building in the United States. It is home to the Riverside National Cemetery; the University of California, Riverside, is located in the northeastern part of the city. The university hosts the Riverside Sports Complex. Other attractions in Riverside include the Fox Performing Arts Center, Riverside Metropolitan Museum, which houses exhibits and artifacts of local history, the California Museum of Photography, the California Citrus State Historic Park, the Parent Washington Navel Orange Tree, the last of the two original navel orange trees in California.
In the late 1700s and early 1800s the area was inhabited by the Serrano people. Californios such as Bernardo Yorba and Juan Bandini established ranches during the first half of the 19th century. In the 1860s, Louis Prevost launched the California Silk Center Association, a short-lived experiment in sericulture. In the wake of its failure, John W. North purchased some of its land and formed the Southern California Colony Association to promote the area's development. In March 1870, North distributed posters announcing the formation of a colony in California. North, a staunch temperance-minded abolitionist from New York State, had founded Northfield, Minnesota. A few years some navel orange trees were planted and found to be such a success that full-scale planting began. Riverside was temperance minded, Republican. There were four saloons in Riverside; the license fees were raised. Investors from England and Canada transplanted traditions and activities adopted by prosperous citizens; as a result, the first golf course and polo field in southern California were built in Riverside.
The first orange trees were planted in 1871, with the citrus industry Riverside is famous for beginning three years when Eliza Tibbets received three Brazilian navel orange trees sent to her by a personal friend, William Saunders, a horticulturist at the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington, D. C; the trees came from Brazil. The Bahia orange did not thrive in Florida; the three trees were planted on the Tibbetts' property. One of them died. After the trampling, the two remaining trees were transplanted to property belonging to Sam McCoy to receive better care than L. C. Tibbetts, Eliza's husband, could provide; the trees were again transplanted, one at the Mission Inn property in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt, the other was placed at the intersection of Magnolia and Arlington Ave. Eliza Tibbets was honored with a stone marker placed with the tree; that tree still stands to this day inside a protective fence abutting what is now a major intersection. The trees thrived in the southern California climate and the navel orange industry grew rapidly.
Many growers purchased bud wood and grafted the cuttings to root stock. Within a few years, the successful cultivation of many thousands of the newly discovered Brazilian navel orange led to a California Gold Rush of a different kind: the establishment of the citrus industry, commemorated in the landscapes and exhibits of the California Citrus State Historic Park and the restored packing houses in the downtown's Marketplace district. By 1882, there were more than half a million citrus trees in California half of which were in Riverside; the development of refrigerated railroad cars and innovative irrigation systems established Riverside as the richest city in the United States by 1895. As the city grew, a small guest hotel designed in the popular Mission Revival style, known as the Glenwood Tavern grew to become the Mission Inn, favored by presidents and movie stars. Inside was housed a special chair made for the sizable President William Howard Taft; the hotel was modeled after the missions left along the California coast by Franciscan friars in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Postcards of lush orange groves, swimming pools and magnificent homes have attracted vacationers and entrepreneurs throughout the years. Many relocated to the dry climate for reasons of health and to escape Eastern winters. Victoria Avenue, with its scattering of elegant turn-of-the-century homes, citrus-lined paseo, serves as a reminder of European investors who settled here. Riverside is the 59th largest city in the United States, the 12th largest city in California, the largest city in California's Inland Empire metro area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 81.4 square miles, of which 81.1 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. The elevation of downtown Riverside is 860 feet. Hills within the city limits include Mount Rubidoux, a
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Left Behind: The Movie
Left Behind is a 2000 Canadian-American religious science fiction thriller film directed by Vic Sarin and starring Kirk Cameron, Brad Johnson, Gordon Currie, Clarence Gilyard. The film was based on the best-selling Christian eschatological end-times novel of the same name written by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins, adapted for the screen by Alan B. McElroy; the film was released first direct-to-video, followed by a limited theatrical release. At the time of its release, the film was promoted by its creators as the "biggest and most ambitious Christian film made." The film received negative reviews, holding a 16% score on review-aggregation site Rotten Tomatoes. Despite this, the film managed to spawn two additional sequels based on the second novel in the series, Tribulation Force and World at War. GNN television journalist Cameron "Buck" Williams reports from Israel about a new technology which will allow food to grow in inhospitable environments, he interviews Israeli scientist Chaim Rosenzweig, praises him for creating a miracle.
Arab Mikoyan MiG-29 and Russian fighter jets fly overhead in a surprise air raid. A missile hits near Chaim as they retreat to a military bunker; the sun disappears though it is still mid-day. The Israeli military is unable to counterattack, but the attacking jets start spontaneously exploding and crashing down. Buck runs outside with the news camera and records the drama as some GNN executives and reporters watch back in Chicago; the entire attacking force is destroyed. The story shifts to pilot Rayford Steele, asked to fly from New York City to London at short notice, causing him to miss his son Raymie's birthday party. Despite his wife's and his daughter's protests, he leaves his family behind. Rayford's daughter, Chloe Steele, is leaving for her college exams. Buck, having decided to go to London for an investigation of the attack, boards Rayford's plane. On the flight, a flight attendant, Hattie Durham, having an affair with Rayford, reveals she's taking a job at the UN and this is her last flight.
During the flight, some passengers awaken to realize that several of their fellow passengers are missing. Panic sets in, Buck helps Hattie try to keep the passengers calm. Upon returning to the cockpit, they discover that people are mysteriously disappearing worldwide and some planes are down from missing flight crews, he is forced to land in Chicago. Shortly after landing, Buck locates asks him to fly him to New York City. Rayford refuses, saying that he has to be with his family, but says he will find Buck a private pilot, they both drive to Rayford's home. Meanwhile, Chloe is driving home from her college exams when she encounters a large traffic accident, she goes to check on a crashed semi. People are reporting abandoned children missing from their seats. While Chloe is inspecting the carnage, her car is stolen by a hurt man and she is stranded on the wrecked highway, she starts walking down the highway. Rayford discovers that his son are missing, he and Buck are forced to stay in the house because of a military-enforced curfew.
Rayford starts to read his wife's Bible. Chloe reunites with her father and discovers Buck sleeping on the couch. After conversing about her missing family, Chloe drives Buck to the airport and goes to look for her younger brother. Buck takes a plane to New York with pilot Ken Ritz. Rayford finds Chloe in an elementary school, he suggests they search the church because, where his wife and son were most happy. Chloe refuses saying that her mother was happiest when Ray was home. After Chloe returns home, Rayford finds Pastor Bruce Barnes. Bruce has been left behind because he never believed in God. A believer at last, he asks God for a second chance to help people. Rayford enters the church and kneels next to Bruce, telling him that God has used him, they watch a videotape left by another Reverend Billings dealing with the Rapture, in which all true believers are taken to Heaven, while the rest are left behind to endure the Tribulation—seven years of war and suffering. When Buck gets to New York City, he finds.
While he is there, he takes a computer disc and is shot by a sniper. Buck decodes the computer disc and finds out that someone is trying to bankrupt the UN in order to control the world's food supply. Rayford confronts Hattie, telling her that their "affair" was wrong, that he wants her forgiveness, she leaves in a huff. Rayford tells Chloe about God and she says she believes. Meanwhile, Buck flies back to Chicago to meet with CIA agent Alan Thompkins. After the meeting, Alan is killed in the process of a car bombing, he goes to Rayford's house. Taking the wounded Buck to New Hope Church and Bruce show Buck the tape that Reverend Billings made. Buck, does not believe the claims, he goes to warn Chaim about the plot against the UN. Rayford and Chloe attempt to stop him. Buck goes to the UN anyway. At the UN, Buck sees the plans for the new Israeli temple, realizes that everything Rayford and Bruce told him was true. Before the meeting, Buck accepts God and asks Him to show him The Way. God shows him that UN Secretary-General Nicolae Carpathia is the Antichrist when he reveals his plan for
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, blues and popular music styles such as pop, electronic dance music and filmi. Singing arranged or improvised, it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort or ritual, as part of music education or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice.
If practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success, they take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined technique that depends on the use of the lungs, which act as an air supply or bellows. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort. Exhalation may be aided by lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles; the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming; the sound of each individual's singing voice is unique not only because of the actual shape and size of an individual's vocal cords but due to the size and shape of the rest of that person's body.
Humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, the tightness of otherwise unrelated muscles can be altered. Any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individual's size and bone structure can affect the sound produced by an individual. Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract; this is known as vocal resonation. Another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds; these different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singer's Formant, it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa.
The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds. Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a particular series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, possessing the same quality. Registers originate in laryngeal function, they occur. Each of these vibratory patterns appears within a particular range of pitches and produces certain characteristic sounds; the occurrence of registers has been attributed to effects of the acoustic interaction between the vocal fold oscillation and the vocal tract. The term "register" can be somewhat confusing; the term register can be used to refer to any of the following: A particular part of the vocal range such as the upper, middle, or lower registers. A resonance area such as chest voice or head voice. A phonatory process A certain vocal timbre or vocal "color" A region of the voice, defined or delimited by vocal breaks.
In linguistics, a register language is a language which combines tone and vowel phonation into a single phonological system. Within speech pathology, the term vocal register has three constituent elements: a certain vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, a certain series of pitches, a certain type of sound. Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the modal register, the falsetto register, the whistle register; this view is adopted by many vocal pedagogues. Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of phonation is en