Frédérick Bousquet is a freestyle and butterfly swimmer from France. He was the holder of the world record in the 50 m freestyle in a time of 20.94 in long course, set on 26 April 2009 at the final of the French Championships. Since the record was swum in a banned, performance-enhancing suit it remained in limbo whether the record stood until FINA approved it in July following a modification of his suit, he is the first swimmer to go under the 21-second mark in this distance. He held the record in the 50 m short course in a time of 21.10, set in 2004 at the Men's NCAA Division One Swimming and Diving Championships, for over two years. At the 2009 World Championships in Rome Bousquet competed in the 50 and 100 free, capturing a silver in the 50 and bronze in the 100. Bousquet did not qualify for the 2012 Olympics but his ex-partner Laure Manaudou and his brother-in-law Florent Manaudou did. Bousquet swam at Auburn University in the U. S. from 2001 to 2005. In 2005, his senior year and final year of competition, he won the 50-yard freestyle in NCAA and U.
S. Open record time of 18.74, shattering the previous record of 19.05 set by Tom Jager in 1990. Bousquet is the first man to swim the 50-yard freestyle in under 19 seconds, under 21 in the LC 50-meter freestyle; that time of 18.74 seconds was his personal best in the 50-yard freestyle until 13 February 2010 when he swam the fourth-fastest time in history, turning in a time of 18.67 seconds at the Auburn Masters Invitational. In April 2010, fellow world-class swimmer Laure Manaudou gave birth to her and Bousquet's daughter Manon; the couple has separated since then. Bousquet was given a two-month suspension in October 2010 after returning a positive test for heptaminol from the use of an over-the-counter ointment. World record progression 50m freestyle Official website Frédérick Bousquet at FINA Frédérick Bousquet at the International Olympic Committee
The butterfly is a swimming stroke swum on the chest, with both arms moving symmetrically, accompanied by the butterfly kick. While other styles like the breaststroke, front crawl, or backstroke can be swum adequately by beginners, the butterfly is a more difficult stroke that requires good technique as well as strong muscles, it is the newest swimming style swum in competition, first swum in 1933 and originating out of the breaststroke. The peak speed of the butterfly is faster than that of the front crawl, or freestyle due to the synchronous pull/push with both arms and legs, done quite fast, yet since speed drops during the recovery phase, it is overall slower than front crawl over longer distances. Another reason it is slower is because of the different physical exertion it puts on the swimmer compared to the freestyle, its name was taken from the butterfly. The breaststroke and front crawl can all be swum even if the swimmer's technique is flawed; the butterfly, however, is unforgiving of mistakes in style.
Many swimmers and coaches consider it the most difficult swimming style. The main difficulty for beginners is the synchronous over-water recovery when combined with breathing, since both arms, the head and part of the chest have to be lifted out of the water for these tasks. Once efficient technique has been developed, it becomes a fast stroke. Australian Sydney Cavill, son of the "swimming professor" Frederick Cavill, was 220 yards amateur champion of Australia at the age of 16 and is credited as the originator of the butterfly stroke, he followed his famous brothers to America and coached notable swimmers at San Francisco's Olympic Club. In late 1933 Henry Myers swam a butterfly stroke in competition at the Brooklyn Central YMCA; the butterfly style evolved from the breaststroke. David Armbruster, swimming coach at the University of Iowa, researched the breaststroke considering the problem of drag due to the underwater recovery. In 1934 Armbruster refined a method to bring the arms forward over the water in a breaststroke.
He called this style "butterfly". While the butterfly was difficult, it brought a great improvement in speed. One year in 1935, Jack Sieg, a swimmer from the University of Iowa, developed a kick technique involving swimming on his side and beating his legs in unison, similar to a fish tail, modified the technique afterward to swim it face down, he called. Armbruster and Sieg found that combining these techniques created a fast swimming style consisting of butterfly arms with two dolphin kicks per cycle. Richard Rhodes claims that Volney Wilson invented the'Dolphin' after studying fish, used it to win the 1938 US Olympic Trials, earning him a disqualification; the entire style is referred to as butterfly, but sometimes still called dolphin when referring to the dolphin kick. This new style was faster than a regular breaststroke. Using this technique Jack Sieg swam 100 yards in 1:00.2. However, the dolphin fishtail kick violated the breaststroke rules was not allowed. Therefore, the butterfly arms with a breaststroke kick were used by a few swimmers in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin for the breaststroke competitions.
In 1938 every breaststroke swimmer was using this butterfly style, yet this stroke was considered a variant of the breaststroke until 1952, when it was accepted by FINA as a separate style with its own set of rules. The 1956 Summer Olympics were the first Olympic games where the butterfly was swum as a separate competition, 100 m and 200 m; the butterfly technique with the dolphin kick consists of synchronous arm movement with a synchronous leg kick. Good technique is crucial to swim this style effectively; the wave-like body movement is very significant in creating propulsion, as this is the key to easy synchronous over-water recovery and breathing. In the initial position, the swimmer lies on the breast, the arms are stretched to the front, the legs are extended to the back; the butterfly stroke has three major parts, the pull, the push, the recovery. These can be further subdivided. From the initial position, the arm movement starts similarly to the breast stroke. At the beginning the hands sink a little bit down with the palms facing outwards and down at shoulder width the hands move out to create a Y.
This is called catching the water. The pull movement follows a semicircle with the elbow higher than the hand and the hand pointing towards the center of the body and downward to form the traditionally taught "keyhole"; the push pushes the palm backward through the water underneath the body at the beginning and at the side of the body at the end of the push. The swimmer only pushes the arms 1/3 of the way to the hips, making it easier to enter into the recovery and making the recovery shorter and making the breathing window shorter; the movement increases speed throughout the pull-push phase until the hand is the fastest at the end of the push. This step is crucial for the recovery; the speed at the end of the push is used to help with the recovery. The recovery swings the arms sideways across the water surface to the front, with the elbows straight; the arms should be swung forward from the end of the underwater movement, the extension of the triceps in combination with the butterfly kick will allow the arm to be brought forwards relaxed yet quickly.
In contrast to the front crawl recovery, this arm recovery is a ballistic shot. The only other way of lifting th
Florent Manaudou is a French competitive swimmer, an Olympic champion of the 50-meter freestyle at the 2012 London Olympics, the younger brother of Laure Manaudou, a 2004 Olympic gold medalist in swimming. He holds the world record in the 50-meter freestyle and backstroke. Manaudou is the son of a Dutch mother, he first began swimming under the direction of his older brother, Nicholas Manaudou, joined the swimming club of Marseilles, France. In 2007, he was the Junior Champion of France of the 50-meter freestyle event. In 2009, he joined the French Army and is in an artillery regiment, he and his sister Laure are the first siblings to both win Olympic gold medals in swimming. In addition to swimming, he is known for his dimples, his pierced tongue, tribal tattoo. Manaudou was awarded the Knight of the French National Order of the Légion d'Honneur for his "eminent merits" in swimming for his performance in 2012. In his only individual event at the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, the 50-meter butterfly, Manaudou placed fifth in the final with a time of 23.49.
It was slower than the times he posted in the heats and semifinals. Manaudou competed in the heats of the 4×100-meter medley relay and as the butterfly leg, had a split of 54.02. The French team did not advance to the final with an overall time of 3:36.21. At the French Olympic Trials, Manaudou qualified for the 2012 London Olympics in London by finishing second behind Amaury Leveaux in the 50-meter freestyle with a time of 21.95. Despite entering the Olympics with only the 10th fastest time in the men's 50-meter freestyle in the world that year, Manaudou won the gold medal in that event, he thus became the first French gold-medalist of the men's 50-meter freestyle and the sixth French Olympic champion in an individual event. Swimming out in lane 7 in the final, Manaudou had a time of 21.34 and finished ahead of Cullen Jones and favorite César Cielo, the defending champion and world record holder. Manaudou's time was slower than the Olympic record of 21.30 set by Cielo in 2008, but was an unofficial fastest time swam in textile.
Going into the final, Manaudou recorded a time of 22.09 in the 21.80 in the semifinals. Following the Olympics, Manaudou competed at the 2012 European Short Course Championships and the 2012 World Short Course Championships held at the end of 2012. At the European Championships in Chartres, Manaudou won five gold medals including an individual title in the 50-meter freestyle with a time of 20.70. At the World Short Course Championships in Istanbul, Manaudou won bronze medal. In his specialty event, the 50-meter freestyle, Manaudou placed second behind Russian swimmer Vladimir Morozov by three tenths of a second with a time of 20.88. At the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Manaudou won gold in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay with Yannick Agnel, Fabien Gilot, Jérémy Stravius. Swimming the second leg, Manaudou recorded a time of 47.93 while the French team had an aggregated time of 3:11.18. In the 50-meter freestyle, Manaudou lead the heats and semifinals with times of 21.72 and 21.37.
In the final however, he finished 5th with a time of 21.64. Manaudou competed in the 50-meter butterfly and finished 8th with a time of 23.35. Manaudou won six medals at the 2014 World Short Course Championships and four gold medals at the 2014 European Aquatics Championships in Berlin. At the World Short Course Championships, Manaudou broke the first world records of his career in the 50-meter backstroke and freestyle. Manaudou won three gold medals at the 2015 World Aquatics Championships in Kazan, including the 50 m freestyle where he swam the fastest time in textile in 21.19. Manaudou failed in his bid to qualify for the 2016 Olympic Games 100m freestyle when he only finished third at the French national championships held on Apr 1 in Montpellier, he had been hoping to pull off a 50m-100m freestyle double at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro but his time of 48.10sec was bettered by Jérémy Stravius and Clement Mignon. Only the top two finishers would qualify for the 2016 Olympic Games.
Manaudou, the reigning Olympic/World/European champion in the 50m freestyle, had been the second fastest over the 100m freestyle this season. As of 8 August 2015 Florent Manaudo has appeared on TV series such as Vestiaires and Munch. In 2018, he appears on TV Series Section de recherches. Manaudou has received criticism from wildlife organisations and members of the public for posting a photo of himself posing with a Lar gibbon in Thailand on Facebook; the use of endangered species, like the Lar gibbon, as photo props and for other commercial uses has been illegal in the country since 1992. World record progression 50 metres freestyle Official website Florent Manaudou on Twitter Florent Manaudou biography and Olympic results at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Anthony Lee Ervin is an American competition swimmer who has won four Olympic medals and two World Championship golds. At the 2000 Summer Olympics, he won a gold medal in the men's 50-meter freestyle, earned a silver medal as a member of the second-place United States relay team in the 4×100-meter freestyle event, he was the second swimmer of African descent after Anthony Nesty of Suriname to win an individual gold medal in Olympic swimming. He is the first United States citizen of African descent to medal gold in an individual Olympic swimming event. Ervin stopped swimming competitively at the age of 22 in 2003 and auctioned off his 2000 Olympic gold medal on eBay to aid survivors of the 2004 tsunami, but he began to train again in 2011. Ervin competed in the 50-meter freestyle event at the 2012 Summer Olympics. In the Spring of 2016, Akashic Books released Ervin's memoir, Chasing Water, co-authored by Ervin and Constantine Markides. At the 2016 Summer Olympics, 16 years after his first Olympic gold medal, he won the event for the second time, at the age of 35, becoming the oldest individual Olympic gold medal winner in swimming.
Ervin is African-American and Jewish, was born in Hollywood. He is of Ashkenazi Jewish descent on his mother's side and African-American descent on his father's, he was raised in California. Ervin has described himself as a "practicing Zen Buddhist". In July 2017 he said: "I’m proud to be a Jew."While living in Santa Clarita, he swam for Canyons Aquatic Club, competed on the Hart High School's swim team in Newhall, California. Anthony enrolled in the University of California, where he received his bachelor's degree in English in 2010, he is pursuing a graduate degree in sport and education at Cal. At the 2000 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Ervin competed in two events: the 50-meter and 100-meter freestyle. In the finals of the 100-meter freestyle, Ervin finished fifth with a time of 49.29, ensuring him a spot on the 4×100-meter freestyle relay. In the final of the 50-meter freestyle, Ervin finished tied for first place with Gary Hall Jr. with a time of 21.98. At the 2000 Summer Olympics, Ervin won one silver medal.
In his first final, the 4×100-meter freestyle relay, Ervin teamed up with Gary Hall Jr. Neil Walker and Jason Lezak. Going into the final, the Americans had never lost the event at the Olympics. Ervin swam the leadoff leg in 48.89, the second best lead-off behind Michael Klim's world record time of 48.18. The American team ended up finishing in second place with a time of 3:13.86 behind Australia, who finished in a world record time of 3:13.67. In the final of the 50-meter freestyle, Ervin tied Gary Hall Jr. for the gold with a time of 21.98. After the gold medal race, reporter Jim Gray asked Ervin what it felt like to be the first swimmer of African American descent to win gold. Referring to this moment in a 2012 interview, Ervin stated, "I didn't know a thing about what it was like to be part of the black experience, but now I do. It's like having a bunch of old white people ask you what it's like to be black; that is my black experience." Ervin won two gold medals at the 2001 World Aquatics Championships in the 50-meter freestyle and the 100-meter freestyle.
He competed in the 4 x 100 freestyle relay, but the United States relay team was disqualified. At the 2002 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships Ervin won silver medals in both the 50-meter freestyle and the 4 x 100 freestyle relay. Twelve years after competing in his last Olympics as a 19-year-old, Ervin qualified for his second United States Olympic team as a 31-year-old at the 2012 United States Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska, by finishing second in the men's 50-meter freestyle, his time of 21.60 seconds was only one one-hundredth of a second behind Cullen Jones and a personal best for Ervin. At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, he finished fifth in the finals of the 50-meter freestyle with a time of 21.78 seconds. At the 2013 US National Championships, Ervin qualified to swim at the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona by placing second in the 50-meter freestyle with a time of 21.70, third in the 100-meter freestyle with a time of 48.49. In his first event at the World Championships, Ervin combined with Nathan Adrian, Ryan Lochte and Jimmy Feigen in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay, with the team finishing behind France.
Swimming the third leg, Ervin recorded a split of 47.44, the team finished with a final time of 3:11.44. Ervin's split was the fastest among the Americans. In his only individual event, the 50-meter freestyle, Ervin entered the final as the second seed with a semi-final time of 21.42, a personal best for him and only 2-hundredths of a second behind the American record. In the final, Ervin finished in 6th place with a time of 21.65. In 2014, on the Gold Coast, Ervin collected 2 silver medals at the Pan Pacs. In the 2016 Olympics, Ervin swam the 50 m freestyle, placing 1st in the final with a time of 21.40 seconds. At the age of 35, this made him the oldest individual Olympic gold medal winner in swimming, taking the record from Michael Phelps, he won a gold medal in the relay 4 × 100 m with United States by swimming in the morning heat. Ervin took part in the torch lighting ceremony at the 2017 Maccabiah Games on July 6, 2017, he won gold medals in the 50-meter freestyle, the 100-meter freestyle, the 4×100m medley relay.
In the special 4x50m relay race between Israeli and American all-star teams, American Olympic champions Ervin, Lenny Krayzelburg, Jason Lezak, with masters swimmer Alex Blavatnik, swam a time of 1:48.23 and defea
Lars Arne Frölander is a Swedish swimmer. He has competed in six consecutive Olympic Games. Frölander was born in Boden, he grew up in Ornäs in Borlänge Municipality. In the 1992 Summer Olympics, he competed in the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay along with Christer Wallin, Anders Holmertz and Tommy Werner; the Swedish team finished second behind the Unified Team. In the 1996 Summer Olympics, Frölander again finished second in the 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay with the Swedish team; the team consisted of Anders Holmertz, Frölander, Anders Lyrbring. This time the United States was the winning team. Frölander competed in the 100 metre freestyle, where he finished ninth in the heats but scratched the B-final, in the 100 metre butterfly event, where he finished 19th; the highlight of his career was when he won the gold in the 100 metre butterfly event at the Sydney Olympic Games in 2000. A couple of months earlier he twice broke the world record in the men's 100 m butterfly. Frölander was awarded the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal in 2000 as a result of his gold medal victory in Sydney.
At the 2012 Summer Olympics, Frölander, age 38, posted a 52.47 in the opening heats of the 100 m butterfly, less than 1 second slower than top qualifier Chad le Clos, but 0.12 s too slow to advance to the semifinals. Borlänge SS Sundsvalls SS Linköpings ASS Profile at FINA Lars Frölander at Swimrankings.net
Freestyle is a category of swimming competition, defined by the rules of the International Swimming Federation, in which competitors are subject to few limited restrictions on their swimming stroke. Freestyle races are the most common of all swimming competitions, with distances beginning with 50 meters and reaching 1500 meters known as the mile; the term'freestyle stroke' is sometimes used as a synonym for'front crawl', as front crawl is the fastest swimming stroke. It is now the most common stroke used in freestyle competitions. Freestyle swimming implies the use of legs and arms for competitive swimming, except in the case of the individual medley or medley relay events; the front crawl is most chosen by swimmers, as this provides the greatest speed. During a race, the competitor circles the arms forward in alternation, kicking the feet down. Individual freestyle events can be swum using one of the regulated strokes. For the freestyle part of medley swimming competitions, one cannot use breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke.
Front crawl is based on the Trudgen, improved by Richmond Cavill from Sydney, Australia. Cavill developed the stroke by observing a young boy from Alick Wickham. Cavill and his brothers spread the Australian crawl to England, New Zealand and America, creating the freestyle used worldwide today. During the Olympic Games, front crawl is swum exclusively during freestyle; some of the few rules state that swimmers must touch the end of the pool during each length and cannot push off the bottom, hang on the wall, or pull on the lane lines during the course of the race. As with all competitive events, false starts can lead to disqualification of the swimmer. Times have dropped over the years due to better training techniques and to new developments in the sport. In the first four Olympics, swimming competitions were not in open water; the 1904 Olympics freestyle race was the only one measured at 100 yards, instead of the usual 100 meters. A 100-meter pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and sat in the center of the main stadium's track and field oval.
The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbor, marked the beginning of electronic timing. Male swimmers wore full body suits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swimwear counterparts. Over the years, some design considerations have reduced swimming resistance, making the pool faster, namely: proper pool depth, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy-absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, the use of other innovative hydraulic and illumination designs; the 1924 Olympics was the first to use the standard 50 meter pool with marked lanes. In freestyle events, swimmers dove from the pool walls, but diving blocks were incorporated at the 1936 Olympics; the flip turn was developed in the 1950s. Lane design created in the early 1970s has cut down turbulence in water, aiding in the more dynamic pool used today. Freestyle means "any style" for individual swims and any style but breaststroke, butterfly, or backstroke for both the individual medley, medley relay competitions.
The wall has to be touched upon completion. Some part of the swimmer must be above water at any time, except for the first 15 meters after the start and every turn; this rule was introduced to prevent swimmers from using the faster underwater swimming to their advantage, or swimming entire laps underwater. The exact FINA rules are: Freestyle means that in an event so designated the swimmer may swim any style, except that in individual medley or medley relay events, freestyle means any style other than backstroke, breaststroke, or butterfly Some part of the swimmer must touch the wall upon completion of each length and at the finish Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 meters after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface. There are nine competitions used in freestyle swimming, both using either a long course or a short course pool.
The United States employs short course yards. In the United States, it is common for swimmers to compete in a 25-yard pool during the Fall and Spring, switch over to a 50-meter pool format during the Summer. 50 m freestyle 100 m freestyle 200 m freestyle 400 m freestyle 800 m freestyle 1500 m freestyle 4×50 m freestyle relay 4 × 100 m freestyle relay 4 × 200 m freestyle relay Young swimmers have the option to swim a 25 yard/meter freestyle event. Freestyle is part of the medley over the following distances: 100 m individual medley 200 m individual medley 400 m individual medley 4 × 100 m medley relay In the long distance races of the 800 meter and 1500 meter, some meets hosted by FINA only
Alain Bernard is a former French swimmer from Aubagne, Bouches-du-Rhône. Bernard won a total of four medals at two Olympic Games, he won numerous medals at the World Championships and European Championships. Bernard held the world record for the 50 metres freestyle and the 100 metres freestyle. Bernard has a shark tattoo on his right hip. Bernard won the European Championships 2008 100 m freestyle final in a new world record time of 47.50 seconds on 22 March 2008. He had beaten the world record the previous day, finishing in 47.60 seconds in the semi-finals. On 23 March 2008 Bernard broke Eamon Sullivan's 50 m freestyle world record in the semi-finals of the same championships, setting a new world record of 21.50 seconds. Bernard would go on to win the 50m freestyle final in 21.66 seconds. But Bernard's 21.50-second world record only stood for four days. At the French national championships, Bernard qualified for the Olympic Games in Beijing in the 50 m freestyle and 100 m freestyle. Before the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay, Bernard taunted.
Bernard claimed to a newspaper that he and his French teammates, favorite to win the relay, "were going to smash the American team. That's what we came here for", but the French team ended up in second place behind the American team by.08 seconds. Bernard, who had a lead going into the final leg of less than a body length, was caught in the final strokes by Jason Lezak, whose final leg of 46.06 seconds was the fastest relay leg in history. The close defeat left Bernard "wounded," according to his coach. However, he rebounded to win the men's 100 metres freestyle gold medal. Bernard had one day earlier set a new 100 metres freestyle long course world record of 47.20 s in the semi-finals. Bernard became only the second Frenchman to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming, after Jean Boiteux, who won the 400 m freestyle at the 1952 Helsinki Games, he finished third in the men's 50 metres freestyle final behind César Cielo Filho of Brazil and Amaury Leveaux of France, making it the first time in Olympic history that France had produced two medallists in a swimming final.
Bernard failed to qualify for the 50 m freestyle and 100 m freestyle events of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London by finishing only fifth in both events during the French swimming championships in March 2012. He was in the French 4 × 100 m freestyle relay team in the heats at the Olympics, but was not included in the team for the final. France won the event, he announced his retirement from swimming shortly after the 2012 Olympic Games. On 9 March 2015, as a part of a group of French sports stars participating in reality-television show Dropped, Bernard was on the ground as ten people died when two helicopters collided in mid-air during the filming in northwestern Argentina. Bernard was chosen as the 2008 L'Équipe Champion of Champions by L'Équipe, he was chosen as the 2008 RTL Champion of Champions by RTL,a French commercial radio network. This annual sports award was inaugurated in 2008. On 1 January 2013, Bernard was made an Officer of the French National Order of Merit; the 100m long course time was not admissible as a world record because it was swum in a non-approved swimsuit.
Alain Bernard has been a volunteer in the Gendarmerie since 2008 and was until attached to the Groupement blindé de gendarmerie mobile based in Versailles-Satory in the Yvelines department. World record progression 50 metres freestyle World record progression 100 metres freestyle Official website Alain Bernard at Swimrankings.net Alain Bernard at the International Olympic Committee Alain Bernard at the Comité National Olympique et Sportif Français Alain Bernard at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Fiche de Bernard, website of the sports daily L'Équipe "Alain Bernard", n°29 on Time’s list of "100 Olympic Athletes To Watch"