Bryan Forbes CBE was an English film director, film producer and novelist, described as a "Renaissance man" and "one of the most important figures in the British film industry". He directed the film The Stepford Wives and wrote and directed several other critically acclaimed films, including Whistle Down the Wind, Séance on a Wet Afternoon, King Rat, he scripted several films directed by others, such as The League of Gentlemen, The Angry Silence and Only Two Can Play. Forbes was born John Theobald Clarke on 22 July 1926 in Queen Mary's Hospital, West Ham, Essex, his father was a salesman and he grew up at 43 Cranmer Road, Forest Gate, where he attended West Ham Secondary School and Horncastle Grammar School after he was evacuated during the Second World War to Porthleven in Cornwall to the vicar Canon Edward Thornton Gotto and his wife. A schoolfriend at West Ham was artist Albert Herbert. Lionel Gamlin of the BBC took him on as the host of Junior Brains Trust, invented Clarke's pseudonym of Bryan Forbes.
Forbes trained as an actor at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art from age 17, but completed only three terms. He completed four years of military service in the Intelligence Corps and Combined Forces Entertainment Unit, during which time he started to write short stories. After completing his military service in 1948, following British Equity rules, he was obliged to change his name to avoid confusion with actor John Clark. Forbes began to act, appearing on stage and playing numerous supporting roles in British films, in particular An Inspector Calls and The Colditz Story, he published a short story collection in the early 1950s, which induced producer "Cubby" Broccoli to offer him screenwriting work on The Black Knight. He received his first credit for Second World War film The Cockleshell Heroes, while other early screenplays include I Was Monty's Double, The League of Gentlemen, his breakthrough. Directed by Basil Dearden, Forbes starred; the film recounted a bank heist carried out by ex-army officers, gained critical success, including his first BAFTA nomination.
In 1959, he formed a production company, Beaver Films, with his frequent collaborator Richard Attenborough. Beaver Films made The Angry Silence, a controversial screenplay by Forbes in which Attenborough took the lead role, the two men shared production responsibilities. Forbes's directorial debut came with Whistle Down the Wind, again produced by Attenborough, a critically acclaimed film about three northern children who conceal a criminal in their barn, believing him to be a reincarnated Jesus Christ, it starred child actor Hayley Mills and Alan Bates, in one of his earliest film roles. The film was nominated including Best Film from any Source, it was the basis for a 1996 musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber. The L-Shaped Room, his next film as director, with Leslie Caron in the female lead, led to her gaining a nomination for an Oscar, winning the BAFTA and Golden Globe awards. Comments Phil Wickham: "It feels like half a new wave film – a mid-point between the innovation of the Woodfall Films and the mainstream of the British film industry."Forbes wrote and directed Séance on a Wet Afternoon, the same year he wrote the third screen adaptation of the Somerset Maugham novel Of Human Bondage.
In 1965, he went to Hollywood to make a successful prisoner-of-war story. He followed The Whisperers, the latter featuring Edith Evans. A caper film, starred Michael Caine. In 1969, Forbes was appointed chief of production and managing director of the film studio Associated British. Dennis Barker, in his obituary of Forbes for The Guardian, states,'This amounted to an attempt to revive the ailing British film industry by instituting a traditional studio system with a whole slate of films in play.' Under Forbes's leadership, the studio produced The Railway Children, The Tales of Beatrix Potter and The Go-Between, all successful. His tenure, was marked by financial problems and failed projects, he resigned in 1971. Coinciding with his time at EMI Films, he resumed directorial work with The Raging Moon, starring his wife, Nanette Newman, Malcolm McDowell. From the early 1970s, Forbes divided his energies between cinema, television and writing. In 1972 he started work on the documentary Elton John and Bernie Taupin Say Goodbye Norma Jean and Other Things, which chronicled the life of the young Elton John and Bernie Taupin.
Taking a full year to complete, the project gave a behind-the-scenes look at the writing and recording of Goodbye Yellow Brick Road. Besides footage of the John's 1973 Hollywood Bowl concert, the film included interviews with John and band members, including Nigel Olsson and Dee Murray, as well as John's mother, Sheila, DJM label head Dick James, James's son Stephen. During filming, Forbes formed a close friendship with John and Taupin, which led to other collaborations with them, including photography on the Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player and Goodbye Yellow Brick Road album sleeves. ITV broadcast the documentary in the UK on 4 December 1973, it was briefly issued on VHS, it was shown in the U. S. on ABC. Forbes returned to Hollywood to direct The Stepford Wives, based on Ira Levin's novel of the same name; the horror classic, which featured Newman, was to become Forbes's best-known film because of t
Michigan State Spartans
The Michigan State Spartans are the athletic teams that represent Michigan State University. The school's athletic program includes 25 varsity sports teams, their mascot is a Spartan warrior named Sparty, the school colors are green and white. The university participates in the Football Bowl Subdivision for football; the Spartans participate as members of the Big Ten Conference in all varsity sports. Michigan State offers 13 for women; the university's previous athletic director was Mark Hollis, who served in the position from January 1, 2008 to January 26, 2018, when he resigned, along with others at the University, due to fallout from the USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal involving former MSU Medical School faculty member Dr. Larry Nassar. Bill Beekman assumed the position on an interim basis, until July 17, 2018 when he was named to the permanent post. MSU's football team has won or shared six national championships in 1951, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1965 and 1966, has won the Rose Bowl in 1954, 1956, 1988 and 2014.
Its men's basketball team won the NCAA National Championship in 1979 and 2000. The MSU men's ice hockey team won national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007. In 1925, the institution changed its name to Michigan State College of Agriculture and Applied Science, and, as an agricultural school, its teams were referred to as the Aggies. Looking to move beyond its agricultural roots, Michigan State held a contest to find a new nickname, they had decided to call the teams the "Michigan Staters". George S. Alderton, a local sports writer for the Lansing State Journal decided the name was too cumbersome and went through the entries to find a better and more heroic name, he sadly forgot to write down who submitted the suggestion. With a heroic name, the "Spartans" caught on as the teams' new nickname, they changed the lyrics of the Fight Song to reflect the name change of the College and its sports teams. As the college grew, it looked to join a major collegiate conference; when the University of Chicago eliminated varsity football and withdrew from the Western Conference in 1946, Michigan State president John A. Hannah lobbied to take its place.
Despite opposition from the University of Michigan, the Big Ten admitted M. S. C. on May 20, 1949. After joining the conference, head football coach Clarence L. "Biggie" Munn led the Spartan football team to the Rose Bowl in the 1953–54 season, beating UCLA 28–20. Successor coach Hugh "Duffy" Daugherty carried the football team to a second Rose Bowl where it again defeated UCLA, 17–14. Michigan State has 12 for women, they participate in the Big Ten Conference except fencing, where until 1997, from the University founding, MSU featured fencing as a varsity sport. During that time, MSU was coached by the first American recognized as a master of fencing, Charles Schmitter, for 45 years, from 1939 to 1984. Upon his retirement, his student, Fred Freiheit, coached from 1984 until fencing was demoted from varsity status in 1997; the Michigan State University Fencing Club is a competing member of the Midwest Fencing Conference, which consists of sixteen schools with varsity or club programs. Michigan State's men's basketball team has won the National Championship two times: in 1979 and 2000.
In 1979, Earvin "Magic" Johnson, along with Greg Kelser, Jay Vincent and Mike Brkovich, carried the MSU team to a 75–64 win against the Larry Bird-led Indiana State Sycamores. In 2000, three players from Flint, Morris Peterson, Charlie Bell and Mateen Cleaves, carried the team to its second national title. Dubbed the "Flintstones", they were the key to the Spartans' win against Florida 89–76. In addition to the two Championships, the 2008–09 team reached the NCAA Championship game, but lost to North Carolina 89–72. Since 1995, Michigan State has been coached by Tom Izzo, who has a 606–231 record through April 5, 2019. Izzo's coaching helped the team make six of twelve NCAA Final Fours from 1999 to 2010, winning the title in 2000 and leading ESPN to define MSU as the best team in that decade. Michigan State basketball has been selected for 22 consecutive NCAA tournament bids under Izzo; the Spartans have won one NCAA Championship, nine Big Ten Regular Season Championships, six Big Ten Tournament Championships under Izzo.
The team has made two NCAA Championship games and advanced to eight Final Fours, 10 Elite Eights, 14 Sweet Sixteens under Izzo. Overall, Michigan State has won two NCAA Championships, 15 Big Ten Regular Season Championships, six Big Ten Tournament Championships; the Spartans have appeared in three NCAA Championship games, 10 Final Fours, 14 Elite Eights, 20 Sweet Sixteens, made 30 NCAA Tournament appearances. Spartans or in the NBA include Adreian Payne, Deyonta Davis, Bryn Forbes, Denzel Valentine, Maurice Ager, Alan Anderson, Charlie Bell, Shannon Brown, Mateen Cleaves, Paul Davis, Terry Furlow, Jamie Feick, Draymond Green, Johnny Green, Gary Harris, Earvin "Magic" Johnson, Greg Kelser, Mike Peplowski, Morris Peterson, Zach Randolph, Shawn Respert, Jason Richardson, Scott Skiles, Steve Smith, Eric Snow, Sam Vincent, Jay Vincent, Kevin Willis. MSU has a successful women's basketball team, with its greatest accomplishment being a national runner-up finish to Baylor in 2005. MSU's women's basketball started in 1972–73 under coach Mikki Baile.
The women's team has had five coaches in its history. The Spartans current coach is Suzy Merchant; the Spartans have made one National Championship game, one Final Four, one Elite Eight, three Sweet Sixteens, appeared in 15 NCAA/AIAW Tournaments. Football has a long tradition at Michigan State. Starting as a club sport in 1884, fo
Denzel Robert Valentine is an American professional basketball player for the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association. He played college basketball for Michigan State; as a senior, Valentine became the first player in Michigan State history to be recognized as the National Player of the Year by The Associated Press. He earned other player of the year awards from the NABC, USA Today, Sports Illustrated, NBC Sports, Basketball Times in addition to being named a unanimous First-Team All-American. Valentine attended J. W. Sexton High School, where he was coached by his father, Carlton Valentine, played alongside future Michigan State teammate Bryn Forbes and Iowa basketball player Anthony Clemmons; as a sophomore, Valentine averaged 10.9 points, 5.8 assists and 6.3 rebounds, leading Sexton to a state title game. He was awarded 2010 Class B honorable mention all-state. Valentine averaged 14 points, 11 rebounds and nine assists per game as a senior, leading Sexton to a 27–1 record, he was selected as the Lansing State Journal Player of the Year and Associated Press Class B Player of the Year as a senior.
As a recruit, Valentine was nationally ranked in the top 100 by Rivals.com, ESPNU100, Scout.com. Following his successful freshman year, Valentine was the recipient of MSU's Unsung Player Award; as a sophomore, he earned honorable-mention All-Big Ten. With Adreian Payne and Gary Harris leaving MSU for the NBA Draft, Keith Appling leaving due to graduation, the dismissal of Kenny Kaminski, the transfer of Russell Byrd, Valentine saw an increase in leadership and an expanded role on the team as a junior. Before the season started, he was awarded one of the three captain spots. One of Valentine's most memorable moments came on Valentine's Day 2015, he hit the game winning shot in a matchup versus Ohio State and finished with 17 points, his junior season saw him earn Orlando Classic All-Tournament Team, Third Team All-Big Ten, USBWA All-District V, NCAA East Regional All-Tournament Team honors. On November 17, 2015, the senior Valentine became the 4th player in Michigan State history to record a triple-double.
He had 29 points, 12 rebounds and 12 assists in Michigan State's 79-73 victory over the fourth-ranked Kansas Jayhawks. It was the first triple-double of the 2015–16 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. On December 21, it was announced that Valentine would be sidelined for 2–3 weeks after he underwent an arthroscopic knee surgery, he returned on January 10, 2016. He was named to the 35-man midseason watchlist for the Naismith Trophy on February 11. On February 29, he was named a semifinalist of the Oscar Robertson Trophy. Valentine was a finalist for the John R. Wooden Award, the Adolph Rupp Trophy, Associated Press College Basketball Player of the Year, the NABC Player of the Year. Valentine finished the 2015–16 regular season averaging 19.5 points, 7.5 rebounds, 7.5 assists as MSU finished in second place in the Big Ten. On March 8, USA Today named Valentine National Player of the Year over Oklahoma's Buddy Hield; the Big Ten announced that Valentine was the Big Ten's Player of the Year. On March 9, Valentine was named to the Sporting News All-American Team.
Valentine's senior year at Michigan State saw him ranked among the NCAA leaders when it came to three-point shooting. He accumulated many awards and won Michigan State's first College Basketball Player of the Year Award since Draymond Green won the NABC Player of the Year in 2012. Valentine shined during the Big Ten Tournament in Indianapolis, earning tournament Most Outstanding Player while winning Michigan State's fifth championship. Valentine, along with Bryn Forbes, were selected to the NCAA College Basketball Three-Point Contest following his senior year. Valentine defeated his teammate in the first round of the competition when he rattled off 22 points compared to Forbes' 10. Valentine was eliminated from the competition in the semifinals when he hit 17 points, needing 23 to advance. Valentine's senior year proved effective in raising his draft stock. Valentine went from being undrafted to being seen as a potential lottery pick in the 2016 NBA draft. George Alderton Male Athlete of the Year Michigan State Team MVP Media Michigan State Team MVP Players/Coaches Michigan State Antonio Smith Guts and Glue Award Naismith National Player of the Week 2/16/16 Lute Olson Award National Player of the Week 11/30/15 CS Madness – National Player of the Week 11/22/15 CS Madness – Big Ten Player of the Week 11/29/15 CS Madness – Big Ten Player of the Week 11/22/15 BTN – Big Ten Player of the Week 2/15/16 BTN – Big Ten Player of the Week 2/8/16 BTN – Big Ten Player of the Week 11/23/15 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame - Julius Erving Small Forward of the Year AP – National Player of the Year NABC – National Player of the Year USA Today – National Player of the Year NBC Sports – National Player of the Year Sports Illustrated – National Player of the Year College Sports Madness – National Player of the Year Basketball Times – National Player of the Year Senior CLASS Award Winner – Top Senior in the Nation CollegeInsider.com – Lute Olson National Player of the Year Julius Erving Award – Nations Top Small Forward Bleacher Report – National Player of the Year Runner-Up Sporting News Player of the Year Runner-Up Sports On Earth – Player of the Year Runner-Up Oscar Robertson Trophy – Player of the Year Runner-Up Naismith Award – Player of the Year Runner-Up Wooden Award – Player of the Year Runner-Up Wooden Award Finalist Naismith Award Finalist USA Today – Player
Michigan State University
Michigan State University is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan. MSU was founded in 1855 and served as a model for land-grant universities created under the Morrill Act of 1862; the university was founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, one of the country's first institutions of higher education to teach scientific agriculture. After the introduction of the Morrill Act, the college became coeducational and expanded its curriculum beyond agriculture. Today, MSU is one of the largest universities in the United States and has 563,000 living alumni worldwide. U. S. News & World Report ranks many of its graduate programs among the best in the nation, including African history, criminology and organizational psychology, educational psychology and secondary education, osteopathic medicine, human medicine, nuclear physics, rehabilitation counseling, supply chain/logistics, veterinary medicine. MSU pioneered the studies of packaging, hospitality business, supply chain management, communication sciences.
Michigan State is a member of the Association of American Universities, an organization of 62 leading research universities in North America. The university's campus houses the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, the W. J. Beal Botanical Garden, the Abrams Planetarium, the Wharton Center for Performing Arts, the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, the country's largest residence hall system; the Michigan State Spartans compete in the NCAA Division I Big Ten Conference. Michigan State Spartans football won the Rose Bowl Game in 1954, 1956, 1988 and 2014, a total of six national championships. Spartans men's basketball won the NCAA National Championship in 1979 and 2000 and has attained the Final Four eight times since the 1998–1999 season, including in 2019 with a victory over Duke. Spartans ice hockey won NCAA national titles in 1966, 1986 and 2007; the Michigan Constitution of 1850 called for the creation of an "agricultural school," though it was not until February 12, 1855, that Michigan Governor Kinsley S. Bingham signed a bill establishing the United States' first agriculture college, the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan.
Classes began on May 13, 1857, with three buildings, five faculty members, 63 male students. The first president, Joseph R. Williams, designed a curriculum that required more scientific study than any undergraduate institution of the era, it balanced science, liberal arts, practical training. The curriculum excluded Latin and Greek studies since most applicants did not study any classical languages in their rural high schools. However, it did require three hours of daily manual labor, which kept costs down for both the students and the College. Despite Williams' innovations and his defense of education for the masses, the State Board of Education saw Williams' curriculum as elitist, they reduced the curriculum to a two-year vocational program. In 1860, Williams became acting lieutenant governor and helped pass the Reorganization Act of 1861; this gave the college the power to grant master's degrees. Under the act, a newly created body, known as the State Board of Agriculture, took over from the State Board of Education in running the institution.
The college changed its name to State Agricultural College, its first class graduated in the same year. As the Civil War had begun, there was no time for an elaborate graduation ceremony; the first alumni enlisted to the Union Army. Williams died, the following year, Abraham Lincoln signed the First Morrill Act of 1862 to support similar colleges, making the Michigan school a national model. Shortly thereafter, on March 18, 1863, the state designated the college its land-grant institution making Michigan State University one of the nation's first land-grant college; the college first admitted women in 1870, although at that time there were no female residence halls. The few women who enrolled boarded with faculty families or made the arduous stagecoach trek from Lansing. From the early days, female students took the same rigorous scientific agriculture courses as male students. In 1896, the faculty created a "Women Course" that melded a home economics curriculum with liberal arts and sciences.
That same year, the College turned the Abbot Hall male dorm into a women's dormitory. It was not until 1899 that the State Agricultural College admitted its first African American student, William O. Thompson. After graduation, he taught at. President Jonathan L. Snyder invited its president Booker T. Washington to be the Class of 1900 commencement speaker. A few years Myrtle Craig became the first woman African-American student to enroll at the College. Along with the Class of 1907, she received her degree from U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt, commencement speaker for the Semi-Centennial celebration; the City of East Lansing was incorporated the same year, two years the college changed its name to Michigan Agricultural College. During the early 20th century, M. A. C. Expanded its curriculum well beyond agriculture. By 1925 it had expanded enough it changed its name to Michigan State College of Agriculture and Applied Science. In 1941, the Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, John A. Hannah, became president of the College.
After World War II, he began the largest expansion in the institution's history, with the help of the 1945 G. I. Bill, which helped World War II veterans gain college educations. One of Hannah's strategies was to build a new dormitory building, enroll enough students to fill it, use the income to start construction on a new dormitory. Under his plan, enrollment increased fr
Cleveland State Vikings
The Cleveland State Vikings, or Vikes, are the athletic teams of Cleveland State University. Before as Fenn College they were known as the Fenn College Foxes or Fenn Foxes. Cleveland State competes in NCAA Division I, they have been a member of the NCAA Division I since 1972. They were a member of the NCAA College Division, a precursor to NCAA Division II; the university is a member of the Horizon Mid-American Conference for wrestling. Cleveland State was in the Mid-Continent Conference and North Star Conference. Cleveland State fielded baseball, men's cross country as well as men and women's track and field; as Fenn College they fielded rifle. Cleveland State has a number of club sports as well; the McCafferty Trophy is awarded by the Horizon League to the school with the best overall athletic performance in all the sponsored sports. Cleveland State has won the award twice, in 2008 and 2013. Below is a table of the Cleveland State points. Baseball at Cleveland State was played for a total of 69 seasons.
On May 2, 2011 Clevleland State University announced. The reasons cited were budget concerns as well as the difficultly of having a baseball team in the northern United States with the season starting earlier and earlier and favoring teams in the warmer southern United States. Cleveland State dropped Men's Cross Country after the 1993 season. Mid-Continent Conference Team Championships:1992 On October 14, 2008 Cleveland State University President Michael Schwartz stated "he wants a blue ribbon panel to give him a recommendation on the football team before July 1 when he is scheduled to retire, he said the program will have to be structured to pay for itself." On November 19, 2008 it was revealed that President Schwartz had chosen the committee members to explore the feasibility of football at Cleveland State. On October 9, 2009 it was announced. From April 12–14, 2010 the Cleveland State Student Government Association polled students online about whether they favored football at Cleveland State.
The results were. Mid-Continent Team Championships: Horizon League Team Championships: 1998, 2006, 2008–09, 2011, 2014–18 Ohio-Pennsylvania Intercollegiate Hockey League Team Championships: Cleveland State established its varsity men's lacrosse program on March 30, 2015; the Vikings' inaugural lacrosse match was a 13–8 home loss to Michigan on February 4, 2017. No team since 1937–1938, no place to shoot. Penn-Ohio Conference Championships: 1974, 1976-1986, 1990-1992 Mid-Continent Conference Team Championships: Horizon League Team Championships:1998, 1999, 2006, 2013 Cleveland State dropped tennis as a sport following the 1991–1992 school year. Tennis was brought back for the 1999–2000 school year. Mid-Continent Conference Team Championships: Horizon League Team Championships:2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013 Cleveland State dropped Men's Track & Field after the 1992 season. Eastern Wrestling League Team Championships:1979Program has had at least one NCAA qualifier for the last 42 years, going back to the 1964–65 season.
Eight Vikings have achieved All-American status. Lee Barylski, 142 pounds Paul Azzarti, Heavyweight Frank Yoo, 142 pounds Tony DiGiovanni, 134 pounds Tom Cavanaugh, 150 pounds Toby Matney, 158 pounds Dave Zahoransky, 142 pounds Dan Carcelli, 142 pounds Mid-Continent Conference Team Championships: Horizon League Team Championships:First Season 1980 Horizon League Team Championships: 2017 Totals updated through the end of the 2010–2011 school year. Totals updated through the end of the 2016–2017 school year. Penn-Ohio Conference Championships: 1990 and 1991 Mid-Continent Conference Team Championships: Horizon League Team Championships: North Star Conference Team Championships: Mid-Continent Conference Team Championships: Horizon League Team Championships: Women's Track & Field ceased to exist after the 199? season. It was reinstated beginning in 2017. Viking Crew is a successful coed club crew; each year the team travels around the nation to compete against other top collegiate crew. In 2006 the team's lightweight men's four traveled to Boston to race in the Head of the Charles Regatta.
In 2007 and 2009 the team raced at Aberdeen Dad Vail Regatta with over 37 boats in their race. In 2009 Cleveland State won the Cleveland Collegiate Regatta cup. Mid-America Collegiate Rowing Association Championships: Cleveland Collegiate Regatta Championships: Hammer Ergatta Championships: Official website
Detroit Free Press
The Detroit Free Press is the largest daily newspaper in Detroit, Michigan, US. The Sunday edition is titled the Sunday Free Press, it is sometimes referred to as the "Freep". It serves Wayne, Macomb, Livingston and Monroe counties; the Free Press is the largest city newspaper owned by Gannett, which publishes USA Today. The Free Press has received four Emmy Awards, its motto is "On Guard for 188 Years". In 2018, the Detroit Free Press received two Salute to Excellence awards from the National Association of Black Journalists; the newspaper was launched by John R. Williams and his uncle, Joseph Campau, was first published as the Democratic Free Press and Michigan Intelligencer on May 5, 1831, it was renamed to Detroit Daily Free Press in 1835. Williams printed the first issues on a Washington press he purchased from the discontinued Oakland Chronicle of Pontiac, it was hauled from Pontiac in a wagon over rough roads to a building at Bates and Woodbridge streets in Detroit. The hand-operated press could produce 250 pages per hour.
The first issues were 14 with five columns of type. Sheldon McKnight became the first publisher with John Pitts Sheldon as editor. In the 1850s, the paper was developed into a leading Democratic publication under the ownership of Wilbur F. Storey. Storey left for the Chicago Times in 1861. In the 1870s ownership passed to William E. Quinby, who continued its Democratic leanings and established a London, England edition. In 1940, the Knight Newspapers purchased the Free Press. During the following 47 years the Free Press competed with The Detroit News in the southeastern Michigan market; the Free Press was delivered and sold as a morning paper while the News was sold and delivered as an evening newspaper. In 1987, the paper entered into a one hundred-year joint operating agreement with its rival, combining business operations while maintaining separate editorial staffs; the combined company is called the Detroit Media Partnership. The two papers began to publish joint Saturday and Sunday editions, though the editorial content of each remained separate.
At the time, the Detroit Free Press was the tenth highest circulation paper in the United States, the combined Detroit News and Free Press was the country's fourth largest Sunday paper. On July 13, 1995, Newspaper Guild-represented employees of the Free Press and News and the pressmen and Teamsters working for the "Detroit Newspapers" distribution arm went on strike. By October, about 40% of the editorial staffers had crossed the picket line, many trickled back over the next months while others stayed out for the two and a half years of the strike; the strike was resolved in court three years and the unions remain active at the paper, representing a majority of the employees under their jurisdiction. In 1998, the Free Press vacated its former headquarters in downtown Detroit and moved to offices into the News building. On August 3, 2005, Knight Ridder sold the Free Press to the Gannett Company, which had owned and operated The Detroit News. Gannett, in turn sold The News, to MediaNews Group.
The Free Press resumed publication of its own Sunday edition, May 7, 2006, without any content from The News. A quirk in the operating agreement, allows The News to continue printing its editorial page in the Sunday Free Press. On December 16, 2008, Detroit Media Partnership announced a plan to limit weekday home delivery for both dailies to Thursday and Friday only. On other weekdays the paper sold at newsstands would be smaller, about 32 pages, redesigned; this arrangement went into effect March 30, 2009. The Free Press entered a news partnership with CBS owned-and-operated station WWJ-TV channel 62 in March 2009 to produce a morning news show called First Forecast Mornings. Prior to the partnership, WWJ aired no local newscast at all. In February 2014, the DMP announced its offices along with those of the Free Press and The Detroit News would occupy six floors in both the old and new sections of the former Federal Reserve building at 160 West Fort Street; the partnership expected to place signs on the exterior similar to those on the former offices.
The move took place October 24–27, 2014. The Detroit Almanac: 300 Years of Life in the Motor City. Peter Gavrilovich and Bill McGraw, editors. ISBN 0-937247-34-0 Media in Detroit Official website Official mobile website Gannett subsidiary profile of the Detroit Free Press The Detroit Free Press Building Detroit Newspaper Partnership
The five basketball positions employed by organized basketball teams are the point guard, the shooting guard, the small forward, the power forward, the center. The point guard is the leader of the team on the court; this position requires substantial ball handling skills and the ability to facilitate the team during a play. The shooting guard, as the name implies, is the best shooter; as well as being capable of shooting from longer distances, this position tends to be the best defender on the team. The small forward has an aggressive approach to the basket when handling the ball; the small forward is known to make cuts to the basket in efforts to get open for shots. The power forward and the center are called the "frontcourt" acting as their team's primary rebounders or shot blockers, or receiving passes to take inside shots; the center is the larger of the two. Only three positions were recognized based on where they played on the court: Guards played outside and away from the hoop and forwards played outside and near the baseline, with the center positioned in the key.
During the 1980s, as team strategy evolved. More specialized roles developed. Team strategy and available personnel, still dictate the positions used by a particular team. For example, the dribble-drive motion offense and the Princeton offense use four interchangeable guards and one center; this set is known as a "four-in and one-out" play scheme. Other combinations are prevalent. Besides the five basic positions, some teams use non-standard or hybrid positions, such as the point forward, a hybrid small forward/point guard; the point guard known as the one, is the team's best ball handler and passer. Therefore, they lead their team in assists and are able to create shots for themselves and their teammates, they are quick and are able to hit shots either outside the three-point line or "in the paint" depending on the player's skill level. Point guards are looked upon as the "floor general" or the "coach on the floor", they should study the game and game film to be able to recognize the weaknesses of the defense, the strengths of their own offense.
They are responsible for directing plays, making the position equivalent to that of quarterback in American football, playmaker in association football, center in ice hockey, or setter in volleyball. Good point guards increase team efficiency and have a high number of assists, they are referred to as dribblers or play-makers. In the NBA, point guards are the shortest players on the team and are 6 feet 4 inches or shorter; the shooting guard is known as the two or the off guard. Along with the small forward, a shooting guard is referred to as a wing because of its use in common positioning tactics; as the name suggests, most shooting guards are prolific from the three-point range. Besides being able to shoot the ball, shooting guards tend to be the best defender on the team, as well as being able to move without the ball to create open looks for themselves; some shooting guards have good ball handling skills creating their own shots off the dribble. A versatile shooting guard will have good passing skills, allowing them to assume point guard responsibilities known as combo guards.
Bigger shooting guards tend to play as small forwards. In the NBA, shooting guards range from 6 feet 4 inches to 6 feet 8 inches; the small forward known as the three, is considered to be the most versatile of the main five basketball positions. Versatility is key for small forwards because of the nature of their role, which resembles that of a shooting guard more than that of a power forward; this is why the small forward and shooting guard positions are interchangeable and referred to as wings. Small forwards have a variety such as quickness and strength inside. One common thread among all kinds of small forwards is an ability to "get to the line" and draw fouls by aggressively attempting plays, lay-ups, or slam dunks; as such, accurate foul shooting is a common skill for small forwards, many of whom record a large portion of their points from the foul line. Besides being able to drive to the basket, they are good shooters from long range; some small forwards have good passing skills, allowing them to assume point guard responsibilities as point forwards.
Small forwards should be able to do a little bit of everything on the court playing roles such as swingmen and defensive specialists. In the NBA, small forwards range from 6 feet 6 inches to 6 feet 9 inches; the power forward known as the four plays a role similar to that of the center, down in the "post" or "low blocks". The power forward is the team's most versatile scorer, being able to score close to the basket while being able to shoot mid-range jump shots from 12 to 18 feet from the basket; some power forwards have become known as stretch fours, since extending their shooting range to three-pointers. On defense, they are required to have the strength to guard bigger players close to the basket and to have the athleticism to guard quick players away from the basket. Most power forwards tend to be more versatile than centers since they can be part of plays and are not always in the low block. In the