The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show is an American late-night talk show broadcast from the NBC Studios in Rockefeller Center in New York City, the show's original location and airing on NBC since 1954. The series has been hosted by six comedians: Steve Allen, Jack Paar, Johnny Carson, Jay Leno, Conan O'Brien, Jimmy Fallon, had several recurring guest hosts including Ernie Kovacs during the Steve Allen era and Joan Rivers, Garry Shandling and Jay Leno during Johnny Carson's stewardship, although the practice has been abandoned since Carson's departure, with hosts preferring reruns to showcasing potential rivals; the Tonight Show is the world's longest-running talk show, the longest-running scheduled entertainment program in the United States. It Meet the Press. Over the course of more than 60 years, The Tonight Show has undergone only minor title changes, it aired under the name Tonight for several of its early years, as well as Tonight Starring Jack Paar and The Jack Paar Show due to the runaway popularity of its host settling permanently on The Tonight Show after Carson began his tenure in 1962 albeit with the host's name always included in the title.
Beginning with Carson's debut episode, network programmers and the show's announcers would refer to the show by including the name of the host. In 1957, the show tried a more news-style format, it has otherwise adhered to the talk show format honed further by Paar. Carson is the longest-serving host to date although not the host with the most episodes; the Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson aired for 30 seasons between October 1962 and May 1992. Leno, has the record of having hosted the greatest number of total televised episodes. Leno's record accounts for the fact that unlike Carson, Leno never used guest hosts on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and produced new shows five days a week. Leaving out Leno's five years as permanent guest host, Leno hosted 119 more episodes as full-time host than Carson. During Carson's first four years, the show ran for 105 minutes was reduced to ninety minutes in early 1967 when Carson stopped appearing for the first 15 minutes because most affiliates were carrying their local news during that time slot as they expanded to half an hour.
During Carson's 1980 contract negotiations, the show was shortened to sixty minutes. NBC broadcast The Best of Carson which were repeats of some of Carson's popular older albeit recent shows. Prior to the debut of Saturday Night Live in October 1975, NBC aired The Best of Carson on Saturday nights at 11:30 pm. Outside of its brief run as a news show in 1957, Conan O'Brien is the shortest-serving host. O'Brien hosted 146 episodes over the course of less than eight months before, with ratings continuously plummeting, Leno was brought back as host, where he served for four additional years. Current host Fallon took the helm on February 17, 2014. Fallon had hosted Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, before Late Night he was a popular member of the cast of Saturday Night Live, co-hosting the "Weekend Update" with Tina Fey as well as performing sketches. From 1950 to 1951 NBC aired Broadway Open House, a nightly variety show hosted by comic Jerry Lester, it was not a success. A spinoff, Dagmar's Canteen, aired the following season on Saturday nights.
The format of The Tonight Show can be traced to a nightly 40-minute local program in New York, hosted by Allen and titled The Knickerbocker Beer Show. It was retitled The Steve Allen Show; this premiered in 1953 on the local station affiliate in New York City. Beginning in September 1954, it was renamed Tonight! and began its historic run on the full NBC network. Notes for hosting history The first Tonight announcer was Gene Rayburn. Allen's version of the show originated talk show staples such as an opening monologue, celebrity interviews, audience participation, comedy bits in which cameras were taken outside the studio, as well as music including guest performers and a house band under Lyle "Skitch" Henderson; when the show became a success, Allen got a primetime Sunday comedy/variety show in June 1956, leading him to share Tonight hosting duties with Ernie Kovacs during the 1956–57 season. To give Allen time to work on his Sunday evening show, Kovacs hosted Tonight on Monday and Tuesday nights with his own announcer and bandleader.
During the Steve Allen years, regular audience member Lillian Miller became such an integral part that she was forced to join American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, the television/radio performers union. She would continue to perform the same service for most of the major talk shows for decades, including those hosted by Paar, Merv Griffin, Mike Douglas, a
The Pirate Parrot is a costumed mascot of the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball. He was introduced in 1979 in response to the popularity of the Phillie Phanatic introduced one year earlier, as the Pirates and Philadelphia Phillies had a fierce intrastate rivalry at the time; the character of a parrot was derived from the classic story Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson, most notably the one owned by Long John Silver named "Captain Flint". The Parrot debuted on 1979 when he "hatched" at Three Rivers Stadium; that year, the "We Are Family" Bucs went on to win the World Series, with the Parrot serving as somewhat of a cheerleader to the crowd along the way. His initial appearance bore more resemblance to The San Diego Chicken, being thinner and "meaner", he wore more pirate-related items such as a captain's hat and vest, waved a Jolly Roger around on a flag pole. Shortly before the Pittsburgh drug trials of 1985, the Parrot was redesigned to his current appearance, gaining weight and making him more goofy-looking in order for him to appeal to children more.
In addition, he dropped the traditional pirate garb in favor of wearing a Pirates jersey and backwards baseball cap. In 1995, the Parrot was paired with a secondary mascot, the Buccaneer, dropped; the Parrot has become a staple within the Pittsburgh region appearing at events and Pirates team functions. He appears in ads for the team on television, he has been embraced more in Pittsburgh among older fans than Steely McBeam of the Pittsburgh Steelers, along with Iceburgh of the Pittsburgh Penguins serves as one of two bird-based mascots in Pittsburgh. In May 1986 the Pirate Parrot joined in the Pittsburgh section of Hands Across America; the three Pittsburgh mascots have been known to "fight" each other. In 2008, a parody attack ad based on the then-upcoming Presidential election was made to "attack" the Parrot, due to the Pirates then-16 consecutive losing seasons while the Penguins went on to lose in the Stanley Cup Finals to the Detroit Red Wings earlier in the year; the following year, all three mascots took part in a groundbreaking of an expansion of the National Aviary in Pittsburgh, with Steely McBeam tossing dirt at the Parrot's feet.
In some cases, the Parrot has accompanied the Pirates on road trips if the game is within close proximity to Pittsburgh. For instance, the Parrot appeared at two games for the Pirates during a weekend interleague series against the Cleveland Indians in Cleveland in 2012, with the Parrot having friendly interactions with the Indians mascot and assisting Slider in interfering with the Indians Hot Dog Race, much like what the Parrot does with the Great Pierogi Race. According to the Parrot's biography on the Pirates official website, the Parrot hopes to be inducted into the Mascot Hall of Fame; as of 2015, he has yet to be listed as a candidate, much less inducted. Kevin Koch, the original portrayer of the Pirate Parrot, was discovered to be high from cocaine during several games as the Pirate Parrot, was discovered to be the "middle man" between players and drug dealers, introducing them to cocaine; the trials proved to be an embarrassment to baseball. Koch, who has lived a private life since, has shown regret for doing cocaine and sharing it with the players.
Despite the embarrassment to the scandal, the Pirates kept the Parrot, although Koch himself was fired