Ialomița County is a county of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Slobozia. In 2011, it had a population of 258,669 and the population density was 58.08/km². Romanians make up 95.6 % of the largest minority being the Romani people. This county has a total area of 4,453 km²; the county is situated in the Bărăgan Plain, all the area is flat crossed by small rivers with small but deep valleys. Its east border is on Danube and the Ialomița River crosses the county from West to East about the middle; the Danube is split around the Ialomița Pond - the Borcea branch. Until 1940 and 1967 the county/plain was home of the great bustard, with large populations of this bird; the birds disappeared because of the massive village buildout. Constanța County in the East. Ilfov County in the West. Brăila County, Buzău County and Prahova County in the North. Călărași County in the South. Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Industry is entirely concentrated in the city of Slobozia; the predominant industries in the county are: Food industry.
Textile industry. Mechanical components industry; the main tourist destinations are: The city of Slobozia. The Ialomița County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 31 counselors, with the following party composition: Ialomița County has 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 59 communes. Municipalities Fetești - population: 27,122 Slobozia - capital city; the county comprised a large part of today's Călărași County. It was bordered on the west by Ilfov, to the north by the counties of Prahova, Buzău and Brăila, to the east by the county Constanța County, in the south by Durostor County. With an area of 7,095 square kilometres, Ialomiţa County was one of the largest counties of Greater Romania; the county was divided administratively into five districts: Plasa Călărași, headquartered at Călărași Plasa Lehliu, headquartered at Lehliu Plasa Slobozia, headquartered at Slobozia Plasa Țăndărei, headquartered at Țăndărei Plasa Urziceni, headquartered at Urziceni Subsequently, three new districts were added:Plasa Căzănești, headquartered at Căzănești Plasa Dragoș Vodă, headquartered at Dragoș Vodă Plasa Fetești, headquartered at Fetești According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 293,352 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 96.6% Romanians, 2.5% Romanies, 0.2% Jews, as well as other minorities.
From the religious point of view, the population was 99.3% Eastern Orthodox, 0.2% Jewish, 0.1% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities. In 1930, the county's urban population was 34,260 inhabitants, comprising 90.2% Romanians, 6.0% Romnanies, 1.3% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 97.4% Eastern Orthodox, 1.4% Jewish, 0.5% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities
Ion Roată, Ialomița
Ion Roată is a commune in Ialomița County, Romania. It is composed of two villages, Broșteni and Ion Roată. At the 2011 census, of the inhabitants for whom data were available, 87.4% were Romanians and 12.5% Roma. 99.9% of inhabitants were Romanian Orthodox. The commune stretches for some 5 km along the Ialomița River valley, it lies in the center of the Bărăgan Plain, the terrain is flat and arid. About 86.5% of the surface area is arable land, 6.5% forests, 3% waters, 2% buildings, 1.5% roads and 0.5% unproductive terrain. Valea Măcrișului is to the north. There is a Căile Ferate Române rail station in the commune center; the oldest mention of part of the commune dates to 1582, when a Cioara village appears in a document of Mihnea Turcitul. As of 1778, the area belonged to the Grindu plasă. Between 1864 and 1882, the commune passed through various administrative changes, but from the latter date until after World War I, its villages were Principesa Maria, Broștenii Noi and Malu. During the interwar period, they were Principesa Maria and Cioara.
In 1948, with the advent of the communist regime, the villages were Ion Roată, Broștenii Noi, Broștenii Vechi and Cioara. By 1968, when a new administrative law was passed, Cioara had become Colinele.
Coșereni is a commune located in Ialomița County, about 50 km to the northeast of Bucharest. It is composed of Coșereni. On October 30, 1992, the singers Doina and Ion Aldea Teodorovici died following a road accident in Coșereni. A monument was erected where the accident took place
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east, it has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres, Romania is the 12th largest country and the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having 20 million inhabitants, its capital and largest city is Bucharest, other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Brașov. The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km, coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta; the Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia.
The new state named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Following World War I, when Romania fought on the side of the Allied powers, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. In June–August 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and Second Vienna Award, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, Northern Transylvania to Hungary. In November 1940, Romania signed the Tripartite Pact and in June 1941 entered World War II on the Axis side, fighting against the Soviet Union until August 1944, when it joined the Allies and recovered Northern Transylvania. Following the war, under the occupation of the Red Army's forces, Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition back towards a market economy; the sovereign state of Romania is a developing country and ranks 52nd in the Human Development Index.
It has the world's 47th largest economy by nominal GDP and an annual economic growth rate of 7%, the highest in the EU at the time. Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom, it has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, part of NATO since 2004, part of the European Union since 2007. An overwhelming majority of the population identifies themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians and are native speakers of Romanian, a Romance language. Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome"; the first known use of the appellation was attested to in the 16th century by Italian humanists travelling in Transylvania and Wallachia. The oldest known surviving document written in Romanian, a 1521 letter known as the "Letter of Neacșu from Câmpulung", is notable for including the first documented occurrence of the country's name: Wallachia is mentioned as Țeara Rumânească.
Two spelling forms: român and rumân were used interchangeably until sociolinguistic developments in the late 17th century led to semantic differentiation of the two forms: rumân came to mean "bondsman", while român retained the original ethnolinguistic meaning. After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. Tudor Vladimirescu, a revolutionary leader of the early 19th century, used the term Rumânia to refer to the principality of Wallachia."The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century. The name has been in use since 11 December 1861. In English, the name of the country was spelt Rumania or Roumania. Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. Romania is the official English-language spelling used by the Romanian government. A handful of other languages have switched to "o" like English, but most languages continue to prefer forms with u, e.g. French Roumanie and Swedish Rumänien, Spanish Rumania, Polish Rumunia, Russian Румыния, Japanese ルーマニア.
1859–1862: United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia 1862–1866: Romanian United Principalities or Romania 1866–1881: Romania or Principality of Romania 1881–1947: Kingdom of Romania or Romania 1947–1965: Romanian People's Republic or Romania 1965–December, 1989: Socialist Republic of Romania or Romania December, 1989–present: Romania Human remains found in Peștera cu Oase, radiocarbon dated as being from circa 40,000 years ago, represent the oldest known Homo sapiens in Europe. Neolithic techniques and agriculture spread after the arrival of a mixed group of people from Thessaly in the 6th millenium BC. Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; the first permanent settlements appeared in the Neolithic. Some of them developed into "proto-cities"; the Cucuteni–Trypillia culture—the best known archaeological culture of Old Europe—flourished in Muntenia, southeastern Transylvania and northeastern Moldavia in the 3rd m
Amara is a town in Ialomița County, Romania. It is located in Bărăgan on the shores of Lake Amara, at 7 km kilometers north of the county capital, Slobozia. Amara was elevated to town status in 2004. At the census from 2011, Romania have a total of 7080 residents, 3507 males and 3573 females
Gheorghe Doja, Ialomița
Gheorghe Doja is a commune in Ialomița County, Romania, 20 km away from Slobozia and 110 km from Bucharest. It is composed of Gheorghe Doja; the village is located in the Siman Valley. The settlement was named Valea lui Siman, Principesa Elena; the village was renamed to Gheorghe Doja, after György Dózsa, a Székely from Transylvania who led a peasants' revolt against the Hungarian landed nobility in 1514. There are two natural sites nearby: the Fundata lake, the Ialomița River; the main occupation of the villagers is agriculture. In this village, the people cultivate watermelons; the village is near the European route E60 and 50 km away from A2 Romania highway
Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural and financial centre. It is located in the southeast of the country, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border. Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459, it became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical, communist era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris". Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were damaged or destroyed by war and above all Nicolae Ceaușescu's program of systematization, many survived and have been renovated. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an cultural boom. In 2016, the historical city centre was listed as "endangered" by the World Monuments Watch. According to the 2011 census, 1,883,425 inhabitants live within the city limits, a decrease from the 2002 census.
Adding the satellite towns around the urban area, the proposed metropolitan area of Bucharest would have a population of 2.27 million people. According to Eurostat, Bucharest has a functional urban area of 2,412,530 residents. Bucharest is the sixth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits, after London, Madrid and Paris. Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of Eastern and Central Europe; the city has big convention facilities, educational institutes, cultural venues, traditional "shopping arcades", recreational areas. The city proper is administratively known as the "Municipality of Bucharest", has the same administrative level as that of a national county, being further subdivided into six sectors, each governed by a local mayor; the Romanian name București has an unverified origin. Tradition connects the founding of Bucharest with the name of Bucur, a prince, an outlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd or a hunter, according to different legends.
In Romanian, the word stem bucurie means "joy", it is believed to be of Dacian origin, hence the city Bucharest means "city of joy". Other etymologies are given by early scholars, including the one of an Ottoman traveller, Evliya Çelebi, who said that Bucharest was named after a certain "Abu-Kariș", from the tribe of "Bani-Kureiș". In 1781, Austrian historian Franz Sulzer claimed that it was related to bucurie, bucuros, or a se bucura, while an early 19th-century book published in Vienna assumed its name has been derived from "Bukovie", a beech forest. In English, the city's name was rendered as Bukarest. A native or resident of Bucharest is called a "Bucharester". Bucharest's history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in antiquity until its consolidation as the national capital of Romania late in the 19th century. First mentioned as the "Citadel of București" in 1459, it became the residence of the famous Wallachian prince Vlad III the Impaler; the Ottomans appointed Greek administrators to run the town from the 18th century.
A short-lived revolt initiated by Tudor Vladimirescu in 1821 led to the end of the rule of Constantinople Greeks in Bucharest. The Old Princely Court was erected by Mircea Ciobanul in the mid-16th century. Under subsequent rulers, Bucharest was established as the summer residence of the royal court. During the years to come, it competed with Târgoviște on the status of capital city after an increase in the importance of southern Muntenia brought about by the demands of the suzerain power – the Ottoman Empire. Bucharest became the permanent location of the Wallachian court after 1698. Destroyed by natural disasters and rebuilt several times during the following 200 years, hit by Caragea's plague in 1813–14, the city was wrested from Ottoman control and occupied at several intervals by the Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia, it was placed under Russian administration between 1828 and the Crimean War, with an interlude during the Bucharest-centred 1848 Wallachian revolution. An Austrian garrison took possession after the Russian departure.
On 23 March 1847, a fire consumed about 2,000 buildings. In 1862, after Wallachia and Moldavia were united to form the Principality of Romania, Bucharest became the new nation's capital city. In 1881, it became the political centre of the newly proclaimed Kingdom of Romania under King Carol I. During the second half of the 19th century, the city's population increased and a new period of urban development began. During this period, gas lighting, horse-drawn trams, limited electrification were introduced; the Dâmbovița River was massively channelled in 1883, thus putting a stop to endemic floods like the 1865 flooding of Bucharest. The Fortifications of Bucharest were built; the extravagant architecture and cosmopolitan high culture of this period won Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris" of the east, with Calea Victoriei as its Champs-Élysées. Between 6 December 1916 and November 1918, the city was occupied by German forces as a result of the Battle of Bucharest, with the official capital temporarily moved to Iași, in