SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mike Vail

Michael Lewis Vail is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. Vail was original drafted by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the seventeenth round of the 1970 Major League Baseball draft as a senior at Archbishop Mitty High School in San Jose, California, he declined, instead, to attend De Anza College. Seven months the St. Louis Cardinals selected him in the fourth round of the January 1971 secondary draft. Through his first three seasons in the Cardinals' farm system, Vail batted.256 with 27 home runs & 158 runs batted in. In 1974, his fourth season in professional baseball split evenly between the class A Modesto Reds & the double A Arkansas Travelers, Vail batted.334 with fifteen home runs & 76 RBIs. After the season, he & shortstop Jack Heidemann were dealt to the New York Mets for infielder Ted Martinez, his first season in the Mets' organization, Vail batted.342 with seven home runs & 79 RBIs for the Tidewater Tides to earn the 1975 International League "Player of the Year" award. He was called up to the majors in August, got a pinch hit single off Houston Astros ace J. R. Richard in his first major league at bat.

On August 22, Vail went 2-for-5 against the San Francisco Giants. Three days Vail went 4-for-4 with two doubles & an RBI against the San Diego Padres, he was intentionally walked in his fifth plate appearance in the ninth inning. From there, he proceeded to tie a modern Major League rookie record 23 game hitting streak. Over the course of this streak, Vail batted.364 with fifteen RBIs. The streak ended on September 16, when he was unable to collect a hit in an eighteen inning marathon with the Montreal Expos in which he had seven at bats. At the time, it was the longest hitting streak in Mets' franchise history.*Vails'23 game hitting streak still stands, as of 2019, as a New York Mets Rookie Record and the ball in that 23rd game is on display in Cooperstown New York. Over the remainder of the season, Vail batted.211 with no home runs. Still, the Mets anointed Vail their "Player of the Future," and during the off-season, traded star right fielder Rusty Staub to the Detroit Tigers to make room for Vail in their outfield.

Two months after this deal was completed, just as Spring training was set to get underway, Vail dislocated his left foot playing basketball. Vail did not return to the Mets until mid-June 1976, saw just limited use through the end of the month, he assumed his starting job in right field in July, but batted just.190 with one RBI. He began hitting in the beginning of August, but soon fell off, ended the season with a.217 batting average, nine RBIs & no home runs in nineteen fewer at bats than the previous season. Vail got off to a slow start in 1977, batting.200 with three RBIs & no home runs through May 1. On May 2, he hit his first home run since September 8, 1975, put together a 22 game stretch in which he batted.417 with two home runs & eight RBIs, brought his average to a season high.363. He batted over.300 for much of the season, off months of August & September dropped his season average to.262 with a career high eight home runs & 35 RBIs. After batting.143 during Spring training 1978, he was placed on waivers, selected by the Cleveland Indians.

He began the season in the minors, injuries soon opened up a major league roster spot. In his American League debut, Vail went 2-for-2, including a game winning, walk-off hit in the ninth. Despite this early success, Vail saw limited use during his time in Cleveland. On June 15, he was dealt to the Chicago Cubs for fellow outfielder Joe Wallis. After a bunch of pinch hitter & late inning defensive replacement appearances, Vail went 2-for-2 in his first start as a Cub. Over the month of July, Vail batted.347 with twelve RBIs. For the season, Vail batted.333 with 33 RBIs as a Cub. In 1979, in a platoon with left handed hitting Scot Thompson in right field, Vail batted.335 with seven home runs & 35 RBIs. Herman Franks called Vail a "constant whiner who made him sick" when he resigned as manager of the Cubs with seven games remaining on their schedule. "I just got tired of being around him. There isn't enough money in the world to pay me to manage if I have to look at that face every day."1980 Cubs manager Preston Gomez stuck with the Thompson/Vail lefty/righty platoon.

Vail was batting.305 with four home runs & 32 RBIs when Gomez was fired, replaced with Joey Amalfitano. Under Amalfatano, Vail's playing time reduced substantially. After the season, Vail departed as a free agent to the Cincinnati Reds. With both Ken Griffey & George Foster having been dealt during the off-season, Vail saw much more playing time in the outfield in 1982. In the first game of the season, Vail hit an RBI double off Willie Hernández — his first extra base hit in over a year, he made his first start as a Red 499 days after signing his first contract with the team on April 9, went 1-for-3 with a double & a walk. On May 15, he capped off a five run ninth inning against the Pittsburgh Pirates with a two run home run, his first with the Reds. All told, Vail batted 29 RBIs his second season in Cincinnati. On January 5, 1983, Vail was traded to the San Francisco Giants for pitcher Rich Gale; the San Francisco native was 0 for his first eleven Giants bats, until April 20, when his pivotal pinch hit single in the tenth inning led to an extra innings victory over the rival Dodgers.

Vail's stay wit

Bezoar

A bezoar is a mass found trapped in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur in other locations. A pseudobezoar is an indigestible object introduced intentionally into the digestive system. There are several varieties of bezoar, some of which have inorganic others organic; the term has both a traditional usage. Food boluses carry the archaic and positive meaning of bezoar, are composed of loose aggregates of food items such as seeds, fruit pith, or pits, as well as other types of items such as shellac, bubble gum and concretions of some medications. Lactobezoar is a specific type of food bezoar comprising inspissated milk, it is most seen in premature infants receiving formula foods. Pharmacobezoars are tablets or semiliquid masses of drugs found following overdose of sustained-release medications. Phytobezoars are composed of indigestible plant material, are reported in patients with impaired digestion and decreased gastric motility. Diospyrobezoar is a type of phytobezoar formed from unripe persimmons.

Coca-Cola has been used in the treatment. Trichobezoar is a bezoar formed from hair – an extreme form of hairball. Humans who consume hair sometimes require these to be removed; the Rapunzel syndrome, a rare and extreme case, may require surgery. A bezoar in the esophagus is common in horses. In horses, it is known as choke. A bezoar in the large intestine is known as a fecalith. A bezoar in the trachea is called a tracheobezoar. Esophageal bezoars in nasogastrically fed patients on mechanical ventilation and sedation have been reported to be due to precipitation of certain food types rich in casein, which get precipitated with gastric acid reflux to form esophageal bezoars. Ox bezoars are used in Chinese herbology, where they are called calculus bovis; these are substitutes, from ox or cattle gall bladder bile. There are artificial calculus bovis used as substitutes; these are manufactured from cholic acid derived from bovine bile. In some products, they claim to remove "toxins" from the body. Bezoars had value because they were believed to have the power of a universal antidote against any poison.

Tradition held that a drinking glass which contained a bezoar would neutralize any poison poured into it. The word "bezoar" comes from the Persian pād-zahr, which means "antidote."The Andalusian physician Ibn Zuhr, known in the West as Avenzoar, is thought to have made the earliest description of bezoar stones as medicinal items. Extensive reference to bezoars appears in the Picatrix, which may have originated earlier. In 1575, French surgeon Ambroise Paré described an experiment to test the properties of the bezoar stone. At the time, the bezoar stone was deemed able to cure the effects of any poison, but Paré believed this was impossible, it happened that a cook at King's court was caught stealing fine silver cutlery and was sentenced to death by hanging. The cook agreed to be poisoned instead. Ambroise Paré used the bezoar stone to no great avail, as the cook died in agony seven hours after taking poison. Paré had proved that the bezoar stone could not cure all poisons, contrary to popular belief at the time.

Modern examinations of the properties of bezoars by Gustaf Arrhenius and Andrew A. Benson of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography have shown that they could, when immersed in an arsenic-laced solution, remove the poison; the toxic compounds in arsenic are arsenite. Each is acted upon differently, but by bezoar stones. Arsenate is removed by being exchanged for phosphate in the mineral brushite, a crystalline structure found in the stones. Arsenite is found to bond to sulfur compounds in the protein of degraded hair, a key component in bezoars. A famous case in the common law of England announced the rule of caveat emptor if the goods they purchased are not in fact genuine and effective; the case concerned a purchaser who sued for the return of the purchase price of an fraudulent bezoar. Bezoars were important objects in cabinets of curiosity and natural history collections for their use in early modern pharmacy and the study of animal health; the Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy notes that consumption of unripened persimmons has been identified as causing epidemics of intestinal bezoars, that up to 90% of bezoars that occur from eating too much of the fruit require surgery for removal.

A 2013 review of three databases identified 24 publications presenting 46 patients treated with Coca-Cola for phytobezoars. The cola was administered in doses of 500 mL to up to 3000 mL over 24 hours, orally or by gastric lavage. A total of 91.3% of patients had complete resolution after treatment with Coca-Cola: 50% after a single treatment, others requiring the cola plus endoscopic removal. Doctors resorted to surgical removal in four cases. Bezoardicum Enterolith Fecalith Gorochana Regurgitalith Snake-stones Toadstone List of English words of Persian origin Coca-Cola treatment of phytobezoars Goa stone Notes Bibliography Barry Levine. 1999. Principles of Forensic Toxicology. Amer. Assoc. for Clinical Chemistry. ISBN 1-890883-87-5. Martín-Gil FJ, Blanco-Ávarez JI, Barrio-Arredondo MT, Ramos-Sanchez MC, Martin-Gil J. Jejunal bezoar caused by a piece of apple peel – Presse Med, 1995 Feb. 11. The Poison Sleuths: Arsenic – The King of Poisons. Retrieved March 10, 2007. (This webpage is a reprint by the author of an article publishe