Buddy Williams (country musician)

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Buddy Williams
Statue of man from waist up, hands resting on a guitar, on a pedestal with plaque
Bust of Buddy Williams, Bicentennial Park, Tamworth, NSW
Background information
Birth nameHarry Taylor
Also known asThe Yodelling Jackaroo
Born5 September 1918
Newtown, New South Wales
Died12 December 1986 (age 68)
Queensland
GenresCountry music
Occupation(s)Singer-songwriter, travelling showman, rodeo rider
InstrumentsGuitar
Years active1938–1986
LabelsPrivate Recordings (1935), Regal Zonophone, EMI (1939–1964), RCA (1964–1986)
Associated actsTommy Emmanuel

Buddy Williams (5 September 1918 – 12 December 1986),[1] born as Harry Taylor and also known as Harold Williams, was a pioneering Australian country music singer-songwriter, known as "The Yodelling Jackaroo".[2]

Williams was the first Australian to record country music in Australia, three years after the New Zealander Tex Morton made his first recording in Australia. Williams recorded his songs about life and times in the Australian bush. It was with Williams that the bush ballad was first born. Williams' recording of "Give A Little Credit To Dad", complete with trademark yodel, was added to the Sounds of Australia project by the National Film and Sound Archive in Canberra.

Early life[edit]

Buddy Williams was born Harry Taylor[1] in the Newtown suburb of Sydney, Australia and was soon placed in Glebe Point Orphanage. After many failed escape bids as a child, he was fostered out as a young boy to a dairy-farming family at Dorrigo on the north coast of New South Wales (NSW). It soon became apparent that rather than looking for a new child to bring up, the family was more interested in an unpaid laborer. This was not uncommon in the Depression and post-Depression era where rural child slavery was a fact of life. Times were hard, and life on the farm was tough for young Williams, but it also allowed freedom he never had in the orphanage. He would listen to recordings on an old gramophone of his favourite singers such as Jimmie Rodgers and fell in love with this new music that would become known as country music. At age 15 he ran away from his foster home and began working for other families in the district. He worked at many jobs and started busking around the north coast of NSW, dodging the police who frowned upon such activities.[3]

Career[edit]

old photos of a cowboy seated with guitar, and a man in a suit walking along a city street
Buddy Williams early years

Buddy Williams made his first recordings in 1938, a private process disk. The two songs recorded at this session were "Where The Jacarandas Bloom" and "They Call Me The Clarence River Yodeller". The latter song was re-worked, called "They Call Me The Ramblin' Yodeller" and recorded during his first EMI session on 7 September 1939. These two long-lost recordings were later released on a Kingfisher Records collection in the early 1990s as part of an early Buddy Williams catalogue re-release, which is no longer available.

Williams first sang professionally in 1936 at the Grafton Jacaranda Festival in northern NSW. He also did a guest spot on Grafton's radio station 2GF at the time. He left the town of Grafton and busked his way down the NSW coast before approaching EMI records in Sydney where he gained an audition.

Buddy Williams with his black Gibson L-00 guitar, c. 1940

The Page family from Newcastle, who had befriended the young Williams, bought him a black Gibson L-00 acoustic guitar which he used on all his recordings during the 1940s. This guitar was accidentally destroyed while on tour in the late 1940s. Williams later recalled that he had spent his entire life trying to find a replacement guitar that had the same sound quality of his old Gibson, but he never found one. Some of the guitars Williams used during his career included Gibson Hummingbird, Gibson Country and Western, Gibson J-200, and Martin D 28.

On 7 September 1939, he recorded six songs for the Regal Zonophone label. In September 1939, Australia entered WWII and Williams enlisted in the army. During the war years, many of Williams' recording sessions were done while on leave from active service. In the final days of WWII he was seriously wounded during the battle of Balikpapan and was not expected to live. He was recommended for the Military Medal and carried the mass of scars from his injuries for the rest of his life.

Buddy Williams poses for a photo with a Swedish-manufactured Levin guitar, c. 1950.

In 1948 Williams starred in a short film titled He Chased The Chicken which featured live performances of two of his recordings, "The Overlander Trail" and "The Chicken Song". The studio versions of these songs had been recorded in 1946. Another live song in the film titled "Dear Little Lady of Mine" was never recorded nor released on record. Williams was also meant to appear in the 1946 Australian movie "The Overlanders" with Chips Rafferty, but was unable to obtain leave from the army at the time.

A crowd gathers outside a large tent with banner 'Buddy Williams' between its main poles.
The Buddy Williams Travelling Rodeo Tent Show toured extensively throughout Australia after WWII.

After the war was over and he had recovered from his injuries, he set about forming a travelling rodeo tent show. He eventually wound back his rodeo and tent show after many years and then toured for 11 months of each year with the Buddy Williams Variety Show.

Buddy Williams Gibson Hummingbird, c. 1964

Though Williams performed mostly in country towns and outback communities, having once commented that during his long touring career he had performed in just about every country town in Australia, he also performed a small number of shows in major cities. During 1940 he played the Theatre Royal, Sydney alongside Roy Rene and Evie Hayes. He also did an eight-week stint at Brisbane's Theatre Royal. In 1973 he played Sydney's Hordern Pavilion for the UNICEF concert alongside big-name American acts such as Tex Ritter and Wanda Jackson. In the early 1980s, Williams did a small number of Sydney shows including shows at the Auburn Baseball Club, the Seven Hills RSL Club, and a show at the Star Hotel in the heart of China Town Sydney attended by Australian 1950s and 1960s rocker Col Joye.

Williams suffered the first of two massive heart attacks while on stage in the late 1970s. During one of these hospital stays, he received a call from a lifelong fan called Bert Newton, an Australian television icon. The pair became firm friends and Williams later appeared on live Australian TV on the Bert Newton Show, singing "The Overlander Trail" with guitar accompaniment.

In addition to constant touring, Williams continued to record. During 1965, he moved to RCA records where he became a Gold Record recording artist[specify] and recorded a large number of albums. In 1977, Williams was inducted into the Australian Roll of Renown[4] In 1980, he won the first Heritage Award at the Tamworth Country Music Festival for his song "What A Dreary Old World It Would Be".[citation needed]

In 1978, Buddy Williams was the subject of a documentary titled The Last of the Fair Dinkum Outback Entertainers, narrated by his good friend John Singleton. It had a film crew travel with Williams during one of his far North Queensland tours. At the time, Singleton was a well-known radio station disk jockey and advertising executive. Singleton regularly featured Williams' songs on his radio shows in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Singleton also became a regular face in the crowd at many of Williams' shows.

Williams' last recordings were made months before his death in 1986, when he was sick with terminal cancer, and released posthumously.

Man on stage with guitar and microphone
Buddy Williams on stage in Bourke, NSW, Australia, 1984

A number of artists have recorded Williams' songs, including Rick and Thel Carey who recorded an album of his songs. The Le Garde Twins who toured with Williams also recorded a number of his songs, as did Rex Dallas, Slim Dusty, Nev Nichols, Lindsay Butler and more recently Ashley Cook, who recorded a complete album of Williams' songs.

During the 1970s, North American country music superstar Wilf Carter also recorded a number of Williams' songs on an album of Australian songs. A number of tribute songs have been recorded by many artists including John Williamson whose song "The Last of the Pioneers" is a tribute to Williams and his contribution to Australian music.

In the early 1970s Williams gave the young Australian guitarist Tommy Emmanuel a start in his band. Emmanuel toured with Williams and was a regular session musician for him.

Williams died in 1986 and is buried in Brisbane's Lutwyche Cemetery[5] along with his second wife Grace and their daughter Dorita, who had died in 1948 after being accidentally run over by a truck driven by one of the rodeo riders in Williams' show.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Williams married Bernie Burnett in 1940.[6] They met at the Grafton Jacaranda Festival when Burnett was 13 and Williams was 17. They made several recordings together, including "Stockmen in uniform" and "Let's grow old together". They later divorced.[7][8]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

List of albums, with selected chart positions
Title Released Label Cat. Format Chart peak Sales Certifications
Buddy Williams Remembers 19 Jan 1965 RCA L101594 33 13 album
Family Album 19 Jan 1966 RCA L101693 33 13 album
Buddy Williams Remembers Vol:2 1967 RCA L101786 33 13 album
The Williams Family 1968 RCA L101801 33 13 album
Songs of the Australian Outback 1967 RCA RDS-26-9 33 13 album
Buddy Sings Hank 1968 RCA L101820 33 13 album
A Family Affair 1968 RCA SL101827 33 13 album
The Cowboy's Life is Good Enough For Me 1969 RCA SL101847 33 13 album
Sentimental Buddy 1969 RCA SL101851 33 13 album
Buddy N' Shorty 1970 RCA SL101899 33 13 album
Hard Times 1971 RCA SL101900 33 13 album
Along The Outback Tracks 1972 RCA SL102061 33 13 album
Aussie On My Mind 1972 RCA MSL102227 33 13 album
Country Touch 1975 RCA VPL10055 33 13 album
Hittin' The Road Again 1975 RCA VPL10072 33 13 album
Thanks To You 1975 RCA VPL10089 33 13 album
The Happiest Days Of My Life 1976 RCA VPL10128 33 13 album
Farming '77 1977 RCA VPL10151 33 13 album
Trucks and Trains 1978 RCA VPL10161 33 13 album
What a Dreary Old World It Would Be 1978 RCA VAL10251 33 13 album
Ramblin' Round 1979 RCA VPL10150 33 13 album
Wonder Valley 1980 RCA VAL10312 33 13 album
An Old Hillbilly From Way Back 1981 RCA VAL10360 33 13 album
A Man And His Guitar 1982 RCA VAL10367 33 13 album
A Breath Of Country Air 1982 RCA VAL10377 33 13 album
Big Country Muster 1983 RCA VAL10430 33 13 album
Take My Hand 1985 RCA VAL10492 33 13 album
How's Your Memory 1986 RCA VPL10623 33 13 album
The Bushland That I Love 1986 RCA VPL10635 33 13 album
Country Style With Buddy Williams 1970 RCA CAMS-152 33 13 album
Buddy Williams – Make Yourself At Home 1981 RCA DPL-607 33 13 album
Buddy Williams – Reflections 1987 RCA SPLP1023 33 13 album


Extended plays[edit]

List of extended plays, with selected chart positions
Title Released Label Cat. Format Chart peak Sales Certifications
Wedding Bells 1951 EMI Columbia SEGO 70035 EP
"It Sure Makes You Wonder, Don't It?" / "Christmas Boogie" / "Rocky Roundup Show" / "Our Wedding" 5 Oct 1956 Regal Zonophone G25460 LP
The Kelly Gang 1957 EMI Columbia SEGO 70047 EP
Cattle Train 1966 RCA 20390 45 rpm EP
The Old North Queensland Line 1968 RCA 20470 45 rpm EP
Buddy's Country 1983 RCA TEP0424 12-inch EP

Singles[edit]

List of singles, with selected chart positions
Title Released Label Cat. Chart performance Sales Certifications
"They Call Me The Clarence River Yodeller" / "Where The Jacarandas Bloom" c. 1936 Private Recordings1
"That Dapple Grey Broncho Of Mine" / "They Call Me The Rambling Yodeler" 7 Sept 1939 Regal Zonophone G23854
"Lonesome For You Mother Dear" / "Give A Little Credit To Your Dad" 7 Sept 1939 Regal Zonophone G23855
"The Orphan's Lament" / "My Moonlight Lullaby" 7 Sept 1939 Regal Zonophone G23856
"Happy Jackaroo" / "Dreaming of My Mother" 14 May 1940 Regal Zonophone G24026
"A Cowboy's Life Is Good Enough For Me" / "Under The Old Wattle Tree" 14 May 1940 Regal Zonophone G24027
"The Australian Bushman's Yodel" / "There's An Empty Bunk in the Bunkhouse" 14 May 1940 Regal Zonophone G24028
"The Shearer's Goodbye" / "Memories of Home" 25 Nov 1940 Regal Zonophone G24187
"The Newsboy's Message" / "Going Home" 25 Nov 1940 Regal Zonophone G24221
"The Wandering Gambler" / "Happy Cowboys" 25 Nov 1940 Regal Zonophone G24326
"Headin' For The Warwick Rodeo" / "Can A Black Sheep Be Forgiven?" 14 Nov 1941 Regal Zonophone G24382
"The Crepe Upon The Little Cabin Door" / "The Maple on the Hill" 14 Nov 1941 Regal Zonophone G24409
"When The Candle Lights Are Gleaming" / "Let's Grow Old Together" 14 Nov 1941 Regal Zonophone G24482
"The Dying Soldier's Prayer" / "I'll Be Back Never Fear" 20 Nov 1941 Regal Zonophone G24506
"The Face On The Bar Room Floor" / "Wingie The Railway Cop" 20 Nov 1941 Regal Zonophone G24545
"Down By The Old Beaten Trail" / "The Australian Hillbilly" 20 Nov 1941 Regal Zonophone G24554
"What A Pal My Mother Might Have Been To Me" / "Where The White Faced Cattle Roam" 18 May 1942 Regal Zonophone G24596
"My Pretty Quadroon" / "Wonder Valley" 18 May 1942 Regal Zonophone G24632
"Blazin' The Trail" / "A Mother's Plea" 18 May 1942 Regal Zonophone G24670
"Where The Roly Poly Grass Rolls O'er The Plain" / "Music In My Pony's Feet" 22 Dec 1942 Regal Zonophone G24822
"Stockmen In Uniform" / "Sunny Australian Sweetheart" 22 Dec 1942 Regal Zonophone G24851
"Riding Home At Sundown" / "Bushland Of My Dreams" 22 Dec 1942 Regal Zonophone G24883
"Brown Eyed Sweetheart Of Mine" / "The Bushman's Rodeo" 16 March 1945 Regal Zonophone G24929
"The Drover's Song" / "Where The Lazy Murray River Rolls Along" 16 March 1945 Regal Zonophone G24947
"Bushland Paradise" / "Rhythm In The Saddle" 16 March 1945 Regal Zonophone G24963
"The Overlander Trail" / "Over Hill Top And Hollow" 19 Sept 1946 Regal Zonophone G25052
"Riding Down The Valley" / "The Mountain Barbecue" 19 Sept 1946 Regal Zonophone G25069
"Chain Lightning The Outlaw" / "The Orphan Boy And His Dog" 19 Sept 1946 Regal Zonophone G25078
"Down The Old Bush Track" / "Pioneering Days" 25 Mar 1948 Regal Zonophone G25224
"The Stockman And The Outlaw" / "My Sunny Southern Home" 25 Mar 1948 Regal Zonophone G25237
"The Chicken Song" / Eureka" 23 Apr 1948 Regal Zonophone G25218
"Dear Old Aussie Blues" / "Beneath The Queensland Moon" 21 Sept 1950 Regal Zonophone G25284
"Riding Down The Wallaby Trail" / "Always Call Me Darling" 21 Sept 1950 Regal Zonophone G25286
"My Darling River Rose" / "Little Jackeroo" 21 Sept 1950 Regal Zonophone G25287
"Wedding Bells" / "Murrumbidgee Blues" 18 June 1951 Regal Zonophone G25305
"The Black Sheep" / "Freight Train Blues" 18 June 1951 Regal Zonophone G25306
"I'm Gonna Tear Down The Mailbox" / "Beyond The Setting Sun" 18 June 1951 Regal Zonophone G25307
"The Flying Doctor" / "A Mother As Lovely As You" 30 Oct 1951 Regal Zonophone G25323 45-DO-4047
"There's Another Angel In Heaven" / "Too Many Parties And Too Many Pals" 30 Oct 1951 Regal Zonophone G25341
"I Can't Stand Sitting In A Cell" / "Gambling Polka Dot Blues" 30 Oct 1951 Regal Zonophone G25342
"Too Old To Cut The Mustard" / "Back Street Affair" 18 Nov 1952 Regal Zonophone G25344
"My Mother Must Have Been A Girl Like You" / "I Love You A Thousand Ways" 18 Nov 1952 Regal Zonophone
"Christmas Bells" / "Dear Old Dorrigo" 18 Nov 1952 Regal Zonophone G25356
"Somebody's Stolen My Honey" / "Blue Since You've Been Gone" 18 Nov 1952 Regal Zonophone G25357
"Death Of Hank Williams" / "Missing In Action" 3 July 1953 Regal Zonophone G25368
"Pentridge Jail" / "Spirit Of Progress" 3 July 1953 Regal Zonophone G25383
"I Can't Forget My Memories" / "Swagman's Friend" 3 July 1953 Regal Zonophone G25391
"The Old Sundowner" / "Australia's Kitty Gill" 3 July 1953 Regal Zonophone G25392
"Honeymoon On A Rocket Ship" / "The Ring" 2 Oct 1953 Regal Zonophone G25376
"The Blacksheep's Return To The Fold" / "The Kelly Gang" 2 Oct 1953 Regal Zonophone G25387
"In Daddy's Footsteps" / "I'd Rather Have A Pony Than A Girl" 2 Oct 1953 Regal Zonophone
"I've Mortgaged The Farm Again" / "Sailor Boy" 22 June 1955 Regal Zonophone G25416
"Away Out On The Plain" / "Ben Hall The Bushranger" 22 June 1955 Regal Zonophone
"Busy Buzzin' Round" / "A Yellow Dog's Love" 22 June 1955 Regal Zonophone
"There's Sunshine On My Side Of The Street" / "She Left Me For The Joys Of Gold" 22 June 1955 Regal Zonophone
"Little Red Bonnet" / "Kings Cross Boogie" 5 Oct 1956 Regal Zonophone
"Answer To Missing In Action" / "The Ringer" 5 Oct 1956 Regal Zonophone G25462
"Mareeba Rodeo" / "Poison Darts" 5 Oct 1956 Regal Zonophone G25463
"Mummy Didn't Tuck Me Into Bed Last Night" / "Lest We Forget" 5 Oct 1956 Regal Zonophone
"Flynn Of The Inland" / "My Dream Of Hank And Jimmie" 29 Aug 1958 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-3987
"I'll Stroll Down Memory Lane With You" / "Don't Forget Me Little Darling" 29 Aug 1958 Regal Zonophone 45-DO–3988
"The Prisoner's Song" / "On An Ocean Of Broken Dreams" 29 Aug 1958 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-3989
"In The Doghouse" / "Bowlegged Stockman" 29 Aug 1958 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-3990
"Hank, It Will Never Be The Same Without You" / "Aren't I Lucky" 18 Sept 1959 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4104
"Rocking Alone In An Old Rocking Chair" / "Rhythm Of The Roundup" 18 Sept 1959 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4105
"Polling Day" / "Dave Sands" 18 Sept 1959 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4106
"Anybody's Lover" / "The Nightmare" 24 March 1960 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4133
"Christmas Blues" / "What's The Use" 24 March 1960 Regal Zonophone 45-DO–4134
"The Snowy Mountains" / "Ten Years" 24 March 1960 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4135
"Under Western Skies" / "When The Cactus Is In Bloom" 22 Sept 1960 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4160
"The Panther" / "The Spice Of Life" 22 Sept 1960 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4161
"My Sleepy Valley Home" / "Roley" 22 Sept 1960 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4162
"Mother Went A-Walking" / "Crazy" 1 Dec 1961 Regal Zonophone DO-4163
"I Went Home To Mother" / "Teardrops" 1 Dec 1961 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4252
"Journey's End /

Gonna Ride Till The Sun Goes Down"

1 Dec 1961 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4253
"True Friends Are So Few" / "Rockin' Cowboy" 1 Dec 1962 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4384
"Gonna Ride Till The Sun Goes Down" / "My Sleepy Valley Home" (Recut) 1 Dec 1962 Regal Zonophone
"Please Light The darkness For Me" / "I've Forgotton How To Cry" 20 May 1963 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4381
"Snow On The Mountain" / "Back To Alice Springs" 20 May 1963 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4383
"When Jesus Calls" / "The Cross Of Jesus" 20 May 1963 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4382
"The Rules Of Love" / "Horse Teams" 1979 Regal Zonophone
"Way Up North" / "Pal Of My Heart" 26 Feb 1964 Regal Zonophone 45-DO-4462
"I'm Moving Out" / "Pretty Girl" 26 Feb 1964 Regal Zonophone DO-4463
"I've Been Around" / "A Letter To Slim" 26 Feb 1964 Regal Zonophone DO-4464
"Chapel Bells" / "We're Both Sorry Now" RCA 101604
"Lofty" / "My Windflower State" RCA 101682
"Les Dingo" / "Lucky Horseshoe" RCA 101724
"Wild River" / "This Particular Baby" RCA 101597
"That Old Gum Tree" / "Black Diamond" RCA 101605
"The Big Banana Land" / "Who Can Make A Flower" July 1969 RCA 101855
"The Sounds Of The Bush At Night" / "The Sad Eyed Zebu Steer" RCA 101857
"Back O' Bourke" / "Spider From The Gwydir" RCA 102097
"Buddy Williams At The Opera House" / "Mighty Moonbi Range" 1974 RCA 102399
"The Wreck Of The Tasman Bridge" / "35 Wonderful Years" RCA 102748
^1 Private Recordings releases were later re-released on the Kingfisher Records label in the 1990s
Discography information for Regal Zonophone and EMI Recordings compiled in "Country Music In Australia" by Eric Watson, published 1975 by Rodeo Publications in Australia.
Regal Zonophone releases are 78 rpm gramophones, RCA releases are 45 rpm singles.
Regal Zonophone recordings prior to 1952 were recorded at Columbia Studios, Columbia Lane Homebush, Sydney; those afterwards were recorded at Columbia Studios 301 Castlereagh St, Sydney.

Compilation albums and special releases[edit]

List of compilation albums and special releases, with selected chart positions
Title Released Label Cat. Format Chart performance Sales Certifications
Buddy Williams Sings Jimmy Rodgers 1962 EMI 330SX 7665 33 13 album
Buddy Williams Sings Outback Ballads unknown EMI 330SX 7644 33 13 album
Buddy Williams "I'll Stroll Down Memory Lane With You" 1978 EMI EMB.10402 33 13 album
Buddy Williams "Bushland Of My Dreams" 1979 EMI EMB.10441 33 13 album
Buddy Williams "Blazin' the Trail" 1983 EMI EMB.10509 33 13 album
Buddy Williams "Over Hilltop and Hollow" 1985 EMI AX 701217 33 13 album
The Immortal Buddy Williams "Away Out On The Plain" 1987 EMI AX 701370 33 13 album
Headin' For The Warwick Rodeo1 1981 EMI EMI-601 45 rpm single
Buddy Williams "Under Western Skies" 1991 EMI 8380202 CD
Buddy Williams Regan Zonophone Collection – Vol 1 1997 EMI 3-CD set
Buddy Williams – Last Outback Entertainer 12 July 2011 Rocket Group Party 3-CD set
The RCA ​33 13 compilations were made from 78 and 45 rpm records in the collection of music historian Ray Faulks, who provided detailed cover notes for each track.
^1 This 45rpm single was released by EMI in 1981 to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the first release of "Headin' For The Warwick Rodeo"

Publications[edit]

  • Williams, Buddy (1940). The songs of Buddy Williams. Melbourne: Allans.
  • Williams, Buddy (1942). Buddy Williams 'The Yodeling Jackaroo' Second album of latest Australian hill billy songs. Melbourne: Allans.
  • Williams, Buddy (c. 1947). Buddy Williams 'The Yodeling Jackaroo' Third book of Australian hill billy songs. Melbourne: Allans.
  • Williams, Buddy (1948). Buddy Williams 'The Yodeling Jackaroo' 4th Book of Australian Hill Billy Songs. Melbourne: Allans.
  • Williams, Buddy (1948). The orphan boy and his dog. Melbourne: Allans.
  • Williams, Buddy (1948). When it's apple picking time in Tassie. Melbourne: Allans.
  • Williams, Buddy (c. 1950). Buddy Williams' hillbilly album. Southern Music Publishing Co.
  • Williams, Buddy (1956). Buddy Williams' hillbilly album. Number 2. Southern Music Publishing Co.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Artist BiographyAllMusic Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  2. ^ Wolfe 2002, p. 98.
  3. ^ Wolfe 2002, p. 96.
  4. ^ "Roll of Renown". TCMF. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  5. ^ Williams Harold (buddy) Archived 1 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. — Brisbane City Council Grave Location Search. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  6. ^ http://floreena.com/Australian-Pioneers-of-Country-Music.php
  7. ^ https://www.allmusic.com/artist/buddy-williams-mn0000937932/biography
  8. ^ Wolfe 2003, p. 188.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]