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Buginese people

The Buginese or Bugis people or are an ethnic group—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, in the southwestern province of Sulawesi, third largest island of Indonesia. The Austronesian ancestors of the Bugis people settled on Sulawesi around 2500 B. C. E. There is "historical linguistic evidence of some late Holocene immigration of Austronesian speakers to South Sulawesi from Taiwan"—which means that the Buginese have "possible ultimate ancestry in South China", that as a result of this immigration, "there was an infusion of an exogenous population from China or Taiwan." Migration from South China by some of the paternal ancestors of the Bugis is supported by studies of Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups. The Bugis in 1605 converted to Islam from Animism; some Buginese have retained their pre-Islamic belief called Tolotang, some Bugis converted to Christianity by means of marriage. Despite the population numbering only around 6 million, the Bugis are influential in the politics in modern Indonesia, influential on the Malay peninsula and other parts of the archipelago where they have migrated, starting in the late seventeenth century.

The third president of Indonesia, B. J. Habibi, the former Vice President of Indonesia, Jusuf Kalla were Bugis, the sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak has Bugis ancestry. Although many Bugis people live in the large port cities of Makassar and Parepare, the majority are farmers who grow wet rice on the lowland plains to the north and west of the town of Maros; the name Bugis is an exonym. The Bugis people speak a distinct regional language in addition to Indonesian, called Basa Ugi, Bugis or Bugis. In reality, there are several dialects, some of which are sufficiently different from others to be considered separate languages; the Bugis language belongs to the South Sulawesi language group. The homeland of the Buginese is the area around Lake Tempe and Lake Sidenreng in the Walannae Depression in the southwest peninsula of Sulawesi, it was here that the ancestors of the present-day Bugis settled in the mid- to late second millennium BC. The area is rich in fish and wildlife and the annual fluctuation of Lake Tempe allows speculative planting of wet rice, while the hills can be farmed by swidden or shifting cultivation, wet rice and hunting.

Around AD 1200 the availability of prestigious imported goods including Chinese and Southeast Asian ceramics and Gujerati print-block textiles, coupled with newly discovered sources of iron ore in Luwu stimulated an agrarian revolution which expanded from the great lakes region into the lowland plains to the east and west of the Walennae depression. This led over the next 400 years to the development of the major kingdoms of South Sulawesi, the social transformation of chiefly societies into hierarchical proto-states; the conclusion in 1669 of a protracted civil war led to a diaspora of Bugis and their entry into the politics of the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. The Bugis played an important role in defeating Jambi and had a huge influence in Sultanate of Johor. Apart from the Malays, another influential faction in Johor at that time was the Minangkabau. Both the Buginese and the Minangkabau realised how the death of Sultan Mahmud II had provided them with the chance to exert power in Johor.

Under the leadership of Daeng Parani, the descendants of two families settled on the Linggi and Selangor rivers and became the power behind the Johor throne, with the creation of the office of the Yang Dipertuan Muda, or Bugis underking. Long before European colonialists extended their influence into these waters, the Makassarese, the Bajau, the Buginese built elegant, ocean-going schooners in which they plied the trade routes. Intrepid and doughty, they travelled as far east as the Aru Islands, off New Guinea, where they traded in the skins of birds of paradise and medicinal masoya bark, to northern Australia, where they exchanged shells, birds'-nests and mother-of-pearl for knives and salt with Aboriginal tribes; the Buginese sailors left their mark and culture on an area of the northern Australian coast which stretches over two thousand kilometres from the Kimberley to the Gulf of Carpentaria. Throughout these parts of northern Australia, there is much evidence of a significant Bugis presence.

Each year, the Bugis sailors would sail down on the northwestern monsoon in their wooden pinisi. They would stay in Australian waters for several months to trade and take trepang before returning to Makassar on the dry season off shore winds; as Thomas Forrest wrote in A Voyage from Calcutta to the Mergui Archipelago, S.78 ff. “The Buggesses in general are a high-spirited people. They deserve the character given of Malays in general, by Monsieur Poivre, in his Travels of a Philosopher,'fond of adventures and capable of undertaking the most dangerous enterprizes'.” Most present-day Buginese now earn their living as traders or fishermen. Women help with the agricultural work in the homes. Most Bugis people live in stilted houses, sometimes three meters or more off the ground, with plank walls and floors. Many of the marriages are still arranged by parents and ideally take place between cousins; the Bugis recognise cousins up to the ninth ninth. A newlywed couple lives with the wife's family for the first few years of their marriage.

The Bugis diet consists of rice, fish

List of ethnic religions

Ethnic religions are defined as religions which are related to a particular ethnic group, seen as a defining part of that ethnicity's culture and customs. Akan religion Bantu religion Berber religion Coptic Christianity Igbo religion Mbuti religion Ancient Egyptian religion Serer religion Vodun Yoruba religion Ahom religion Anitism of the Philippines Armenian paganism Bon Chinese folk religion, Taoism Dongbaism Dravidian folk religion of southern India Druze Judaism Kaharingan Kejawen Kirant Mundhum Korean shamanism or Sinism Mandaeism Parmalim Punjabi folk religion in Punjab Qiang folk religion Ryukyuan religion, Ijun Samaritanism Sarnaism Shabakism Shinto Sunda Wiwitan Donyi-Polo Sanamahism Santhal religion Tengrism Uatsdin Yahwism Yazdânism Yupik religion Non-specific: Central Asian folk religions Siberian folk religions Turco-Mongol religion of Central Asia Iranian religions Yupik religion Inuit religion Anishinaabe traditional beliefs Ancient Mexica religion, Santa Muerte worship Maya religion Ancient Balkan religions Baltic religions of Lithuania and Western Russia Basque religion Ancient Celtic religion Etruscan religion Finnic religion Mari paganism Germanic paganism Ancient Greek religion Ancient Georgian religion Norse religion Ancient Roman religion Sami religion Slavic paganism Vainakh Adyghe Habze of Circassia in the Northwestern Caucasus Non-specific: Folk Catholicism Indigenous Australians Māori people Ethnic religion Folk religion List of religions and spiritual traditions List of Neopagan movements Neopaganism Shamanism

Alessio Puccio

Alessio Puccio is an Italian voice actor. Puccio contributes to voicing characters in cartoons, anime and other content, he is well known for providing the voice of the protagonist Harry Potter in the Italian-language version of the Harry Potter film series. He provides the voice of the secondary character Jeremy Johnson in the Italian-language version of the Disney Channel animated series Phineas and Ferb, he is the current voice of Gumball Watterson in the Italian-language version of The Amazing World of Gumball. He works at Sefit - CDC and other dubbing studios in Italy. Jeremy Johnson in Phineas and Ferb Jeremy-2 in Phineas and Ferb the Movie: Across the 2nd Dimension Sota Higurashi in InuYasha ApeTrully in Hero: 108 Sho Yamato in Idaten Jump Ryan in The Wild Doowee McAdam in Sally Bollywood: Super Detective Pierre in The Wonderful World of Puss'n Boots Tina Belcher in Bob's Burgers Gumball Watterson in The Amazing World of Gumball Rivalz Cardemonde in Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion Jacobo Jacobo in The Replacements Zephyr in The Hunchback of Notre Dame II Kicker in Transformers: Energon Roger Radcliffe in The Life and Times of Juniper Lee Pongybory in Noonbory and the Super Seven Jordan Greenway in Inazuma Eleven Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 Harry Potter in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Oliver Oken in Hannah Montana Cisco Ramon in The Flash Blane Whittaker in M.

I. High Dale Turner in Jericho Alan King in Jake & Blake George Zinavoy in The Art of Getting By Bobby Carter in The Hills Have Eyes George Little in Stuart Little Anakin Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace Jeremy Gilbert in The Vampire Diaries Benjy Fleming in Monk Eric van der Woodsen in Gossip Girl Clyde in Mean Creek Martin in Let the Right One In Rory Joseph Hennessy in 8 Simple Rules Michael Richard Kyle, Jr. in My Wife and Kids Mark in The Suite Life of Zack & Cody Thom in Nick and Norah's Infinite Playlist Mowgli in Mowgli: The New Adventures of the Jungle Book Calvin in I Dream Teddy in The Hangover Part II Wilder Guiliver Atticus Wilder in The Latest Buzz Mark Woods in Daddio David in A. I. Artificial Intelligence Forrest Gump, Jr. in Forrest Gump Ron Stieger in Ein Fall für B. A. R. Z. Co-King Brady King of Kinkow in Pair of Kings Artie Abrams in Glee Paul in Boogeyman 2 Pietros in Spartacus: Blood and Sand Milo in Delivering Milo Dylan in Modern Family Pete Walker in My Parents Are Aliens Parker Chase in Quintuplets Eric McGorrill in Flight 29 Down Allen in The Journey of Allen Strange Rupert Patterson in Super Rupert Theodore in Alvin and the Chipmunks Theodore in Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel Theodore in Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked Jaskier in The Witcher Alessio Puccio on IMDb Alessio Puccio at Anime News Network's encyclopedia

The Red Wheelbarrow

"The Red Wheelbarrow" is a poem by American modernist poet and physician William Carlos Williams. The poem was published without a title and was designated as "XXII" as the twenty-second work in Williams' 1923 book Spring and All, a hybrid collection which incorporated alternating selections of free verse poetry and prose, it is one of Williams' most anthologized poems, is considered a prime example of early twentieth-century Imagism. The pictorial style in which the poem is written owes much to the photographs of Alfred Stieglitz and the precisionist style of Charles Sheeler, an American photographer-painter whom Williams met shortly before composing the poem; the poem represents an early stage in Williams' development as a poet. It focuses on the objective representation of objects, in line with the Imagist philosophy, ten years old at the time of the poem's publication; the poem is written in a haiku-like free-verse form. With regard to the inspiration for the poem, Williams wrote: sprang from affection for an old Negro named Marshall.

He had been a fisherman, caught porgies off Gloucester. He used to tell me how he had to work in the cold in freezing weather, standing ankle deep in cracked ice packing down the fish, he said. He never felt cold in his life until just recently. I liked that man, his son Milton as much. In his back yard I saw the red wheelbarrow surrounded by the white chickens. I suppose my affection for the old man somehow got into the writing. In 2015, research identified the man who had inspired the work as Thaddeus Lloyd Marshall Sr. who lived a few blocks away from Williams in Rutherford, New Jersey and is buried in Ridgelawn Cemetery in neighboring Clifton. When the poem was published in Spring and All, it was titled "XXII", denoting the poem's order within the book. Referring to the poem as "The Red Wheelbarrow" has been frowned upon by some critics, including Neil Easterbrook, who said that such reference gives the text "a different frame" from that which Williams intended. Prior to the revelation about Mr. Marshall, some critics and literary analysts believed that the poem was written about one of Williams' patients, a little girl, ill: This poem is reported to have been inspired by a scene in Passaic, New Jersey, where Williams was attending to a sick young girl.

Worried that his patient may not survive, Williams looked out the window and saw the wheelbarrow and chickens. At the time, I remember being mystified by the poem. However, being properly trained in literary criticism, I wondered what the real meaning of the poem was, what it was about.... What is left out of Williams' poem is the fact that when he conceived that image he was sitting at the bedside of a sick child; the story goes that as he sat there concerned about the child, he looked out the window, saw that image, penned those words. I remember well the sneer associated with sentimentality in the university English classes of the early 70s. William Carlos Williams' celebrated red wheelbarrow poem was written after a night at the bedside of a sick child, but to directly mention the child and describe that situation would have been to court pathos; such a poem would have been fit only for greeting cards or the poor souls who didn't know any better than to like Robert Service. Of course you can't figure it out by studying the text.

The clues aren't there. This poem was meant to be appreciated only by a chosen literary elite, only by those who were educated, those who had learned the back story The poet John Hollander cited "The Red Wheelbarrow" as a good example of enjambment to slow down the reader, creating a "meditative" poem; the editors of Exploring Poetry believe that the meaning of the poem and its form are intimately bound together. They state that "since the poem is composed of one sentence broken up at various intervals, it is truthful to say that'so much depends upon' each line of the poem; this is so because the form of the poem is its meaning." This viewpoint is argued by Henry M. Sayre who compared the poem to the readymade artwork of Marcel Duchamp. Peter Baker analyzed the poem in terms of theme, writing that "Williams is saying that perception is necessary to life and that the poem itself can lead to a fuller understanding of one's experience."Kenneth Lincoln saw humor in the poem, writing "perhaps it adds up to no more than a small comic lesson in the necessity of things in themselves."

The Red Wheelbarrow is a recurring motif in Mr. Robot; the poem is referenced in the season 2 finale. "eps2.9_pyth0n-pt2.p7z", the sixth episode of season 3 "eps3.5_kill-process.inc". In the season 2 finale, the character Tyrell Wellick recites it to protagonist Elliot Alderson, explaining that it was the only English that Wellick's father knew; this poem becomes a significant plot point in the second season of the podcast The Black Tapes. It is left as a message for Dr. Richard Strand by his missing wife Coralee. In the television show Homeland Season 3 Episode 8, Carrie receives a text message that says "So much depends upon..." she replies, "a red wheel barrow." The poem is referenced in the Jay Asher novel Thirteen Reasons Why It is mentioned in the Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver. Just like the Williams, sitting at the deathbed of a child as he wrote the poem, so the reader is aware that one of the children is going to die. In the "Rhyme for Your Life" episode of Arthur, Binky is thrown into prison for not being able to speak in rhymes in a dream

Frank Sanello

Frank Sanello is an author and journalist who writes about the entertainment industry, cultural anthropology, social issues, revisionist history. Born and raised in Joliet, Illinois, he graduated from University of Chicago with a BA in English literature, from University of California, Los Angeles with an MFA in screenwriting. Before becoming an author, Sanello wrote for various outlets such as The New York Times Syndicate, the Los Angeles Daily News, the Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post, The Boston Globe, the Chicago Sun-Times, the Chicago Tribune, he was a reporter for People Weekly and Us Weekly. In 1986 he worked as a segment producer pre-interviewing guests for the host of The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers, his two weekly columns about the entertainment industries were syndicated internationally by United Media in the 1980s and 1990s. During that time, Sanello interviewed dozens of film and TV executives and hundreds of actors and directors. Publication of The Opium Wars in China was unusual because Chinese scholars and government watchdogs rejected Western accounts of their history as biased and Eurocentric.

The book attempted to offer a more balanced account of the two conflicts fought between Britain and China in the mid-19th century. In his critique of The Opium Wars in the East Asian Review of Books, Wayne E. Yang wrote: "Those who believe the dictum that'those who fail to learn history are doomed to repeat it' have fodder in W. Travis Hanes III and Frank Sanello's The Opium Wars." In a review for the American Library Association's Booklist, Jay Freeman wrote: " account of the causes, military campaigns, tragic effects of these wars is absorbing macabre, unsettling." Publishers Weekly wrote, "Hanes and film author and former Los Angeles Daily News critic Sanello have teamed up to produce this fine popular account... The book covers a familiar time and place in history, but the authors make some nice analogies between the brutal economics and empire of the 19th century, 21st-century forms of money and war."The cautionary nature of Sanello’s Tweakers: How Crystal Meth Is Ravaging Gay America was noted in a review in the gay magazine, Edge Boston: "More than 250 crystal users and those who treat them were interviewed for this book.

One after another, stories were told of lives destroyed by a seductive drug." As a gay activist, Sanello has lectured on methamphetamine abuse in the gay community and was a guest-speaker on the topic at a conference and seminar in San Francisco. Tweakers was the source of a feature-length video of the same name in 2007, featured grim, on-camera accounts of recovering and active methamphetamine addicts, adapted from case histories in Sanello's book. Another nonfiction book by Sanello, The Knights Templars: God’s Warriors, the Devil’s Bankers, garnered international interest because of The Da Vinci Code’s fictional treatment of the Medieval monastic order. Sanello’s examination of the Templars, which debunked myths about their survival today as Freemasons, was published in the Czech Republic and elsewhere; the author taught college-extension courses at the Gay & Lesbian Center in Los Angeles on how to write and find a publisher for a nonfiction book. He taught English composition at the University of Phoenix.

In 1999, Meyer & Susman sued Sanello and Carol Publishing for $30 million, for defamation. In Naked Instinct: The Unauthorized Biography of Sharon Stone, Sanello had quoted comments a jury determined had been made by William Skrzyniarz, a partner at the firm which represented Stone, concerning Stone's private life; the libel suit was generated by a brief passage in Sanello's biography of Stone: "Although I had identified myself as Stone's biographer, one of Meyer's partners, William Skrzyniarz, told me after two bottles of Merlot on New Year's Eve 1996,'When Sharon wants someone, she rents a hotel room and tells him when and where to show up. She makes it take it or leave it. She's made the move on some major names.' Skrzyniarz became circumspect when I asked him to name names."The lawsuit was not intended to determine if the information Sanello quoted about Stone's private life in his biography of the actress was true because Stone did not sue the publisher or her biographer. The lawsuit was filed by Rosenfeld, Meyer, & Susman to prove that a member of its firm, had not told Sanello information about the actress' private life.

The jury determined that Sanello and the publisher had not defamed Skrzyniarz or Rosenfeld, Meyer & Susman. Sanello and the publisher were acquitted of another charge, tortious interference, that alleged Sanello's biography had prompted the firm's star client to seek alternate counsel and thus had economically damaged the firm; the case did not involve determining whether or not the comments about Stone's private life attributed to Skrzyniarz by Sanello were true. The suit alleged that Skrzyniarz had never made the comments quoted by Sanello in Stone's bio and that the publisher and author had libeled Skrzyniarz and his law firm. After a four-week trial in Los Angeles Superior Court in Santa Monica, Calif. the jury found in favor of the publisher of Naked Instinct and the author, Sanello. The jurors determined that the law firm of Rosenfeld, Meyer & Susman had not been libeled or economically damaged; the legal term for economic damage is "unlawful interference with economic interests." Spielberg: The Man, the Movies, the Mythology, Taylor Pub. Co.

1996, ISBN 978-0-87833-911-2. Naked Instinct: The Unauthorized Biography of Sharon Stone, Carol Pub. Group, 1997, ISBN 978-1-55972-402-9. Eddie Murphy

John Fedorowicz

John Peter Fedorowicz is an American International Grandmaster of chess, a chess writer from the The Bronx, New York. He learned to play chess in 1972, inspired by the Fischer–Spassky World Championship Match coverage on TV and as an enthusiastic youngster, made rapid progress to become co-winner of the 1977 U. S. Junior Championship and outright winner in 1978. Fedorowicz, or "The Fed" as he is affectionately known on the chess circuit, continued to impress and in 1984 tied for third place in the U. S. Championships, tied for second place at Hastings in 1984–85, tied for second place at Dortmund in 1986, he represented the U. S. at the 1986 Dubai Chess Olympiad and scored well, earning himself the grandmaster title the same year. Since becoming a grandmaster, he has established himself as one of the leading players from United States, chalking up victories at Cannes 1987, Sesimbra 1987, Wijk aan Zee 1990, he has won open tournaments, including the New York Open 1989 and the U. S. Open and the World Open in Philadelphia.

At Stockholm in 1990, he finished second to Alexei Shirov. Fedorowicz has captained the U. S. Olympiad team on two occasions and has acted as a second to World Championship candidate Gata Kamsky, he has written or co-written a number of chess books and many articles for magazines and on-line publishers. By way of hobbies, he enjoys reading, cooking and watching sports and a number of other board games, including Monopoly and Scrabble; as an active'New Yorker', he spends much of his time in the community, teaching chess to children, giving private lessons, attending chess camps. Fedorowicz, John; the Complete Benko Gambit. Summit. ISBN 978-0945806141. Fedorowicz, John; the English Attack. Sterling. ISBN 978-0945806141. John Fedorowicz player profile and games at Chessgames.com A Tribute to Chess and John Fedorowicz