Tanjong Rhu is a subzone within the planning area of Kallang, Singapore, as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority. The perimeter of Tanjong Rhu is made up of Nicoll Highway in the north. Tanjong Rhu is the largest in terms of physical area among the nine subzones. Consisting of residential and recreational developments, Tanjong Rhu is famous for being the location of the Singapore Sports Hub, which includes the new National Stadium and the Singapore Indoor Stadium; the old National Stadium which hosted a total of 18 National Day Parades sat on the land now occupied by the new National Stadium. The former Kallang Airport once extended into this area, with part of its old runway being the modern-day Stadium Boulevard. Other sports facilities in Tanjong Rhu include the Kallang Tennis Centre, Kallang Field, Kallang Ground, Kallang Track, Kallang Netball Centre, Kallang Squash Centre and PAssion WaVe @ Marina Bay. Notable places include Kallang Theatre, Leisure Park Kallang, Mountbatten Fire Post, Katong Community Centre, Singapore Swimming Club, the Benjamin Sheares Bridge and Dunman High School, one of Singapore's leading educational institutions.
Tanjong Rhu is served by two Mass Rapid Transit stations on the Circle Line: Stadium MRT station and Mountbatten MRT station. In 2023, two more stations along the Thomson-East Coast Line will open: Tanjong Rhu MRT station and Katong Park MRT station. Tanjong Rhu is an affluent residential neighbourhood, made up of condominiums and private housing along Tanjong Rhu Road. A few blocks of public housing built by the Housing and Development Board exist along Kampong Arang Road and Kampong Kayu Road; these residential estates are connected to the Singapore Sports Hub via Stadium Way, across the Geylang River. Tanjong Rhu is an old place name in Singapore that appeared in de Erédia's 1604 Map of Singapore, written as "Tanjon Rû"; this area was known as Sandy Point. The Malay name comes from the casuarina trees, referred to in Malay as pokok rhu, where ru is the casuarina littoria, that grew along the beach, it was known as sha tsui in Cantonese, which means "sand spit". Tanjong Rhu has been associated with ship repairing from the early days.
Captain Flint, a harbour master, started a boat building and repair company here in 1822. A Mr Tivendale had his shipyard here in the 1860s; as late as the 1980s and the early 1990s, the Tanjong Rhu area was an industrial area with shipyards. The water surrounding Tanjong Rhu was polluted with industrial and domestic waste, creating an unpleasant environment. A massive relocation exercise was undertaken by the Singapore Government to transform Tanjong Rhu into a high-end residential area. Reclamation of land along the Tanjong Rhu coast began as early as 1992. Private developers started the new luxury residential developments in Tanjong Rhu. Today, the shipyards have since been relocated elsewhere and condominiums have replaced them. In September 1993, 12 men were arrested in an entrapment operation in Tanjong Rhu coined the "Fort Road Incident", they were charged with outrage of modesty. Six pleaded guilty, they were sentenced to three strokes of the cane each and imprisonment ranging from two to six months.
The names and occupations of all 12 men were published in all major Singaporean newspapers. Those were the last reported cases of such police entrapment. A short 19 minute 2009 film, "The Casuarina Cove" by Boo Junfeng told the story of one of those men. Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh, Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern University Press, ISBN 981-210-364-3 The Changing Faces of Singapore - Tanjong Rhu TheLine@Tanjong Rhu Media related to Kallang Planning Area at Wikimedia Commons
Bishan known as either Bishan New Town or Bishan Town, is a planning area and matured residential town located at the northernmost portion of the Central Region of Singapore. Statistically, the area is ranked the 38th biggest in terms of geographical size and the 21st most populated planning area in the country, it is located at the most Central point of Singapore, is made out of Upper Thomson, Sin ming, Bishan North and Bishan east. There are many private residential properties in Bishan; this however, makes. Apart from its boundary with the Central Water Catchment in the west, Bishan borders three other planning areas - Ang Mo Kio to the north, Toa Payoh to the south and Serangoon to the east. What is now Bishan today was once land that belonged to Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng, a cemetery that served the Cantonese and Hakka communities of Singapore. Following the establishment of the cemetery in 1870, the first human settlements began to appear in the area, forming what became Kampong San Teng.
During the Battle of Singapore in 1942, Peck San Theng was the site of a fierce firefight between the invading Japanese forces and the defending British. The subsequent fall of the island to the Japanese that same year made Peck San Theng a place of refuge for most of the Singapore population. In 1973, Peck San Theng stopped accepting burials and six years following a government lease, land was acquired for development. Graves were exhumed between 1982 and 1984 paving the way for the construction of Bishan New Town in 1983. Today, Peck San Theng still remains in operation, although it had since been converted into a columbarium. Bishan New Town became the first in Singapore to depart from the brutalist design seen in most previous Housing and Development Board towns. Instead of slab-like residential blocks that were built in uniformed rows, apartment blocks in Bishan varied in height and were dislocated. Flats within the town featured pitched roofs which have since become associated with the skyline of Bishan.
The town is home to two of Singapore's most prestigious educational institutions, Catholic High School and Raffles Institution. Bishan derived its name from the Cantonese term for large burial ground, Peck San Theng, which translates as "pavilions on the green"; this term reflects the neighbourhood's origins as a burial ground, established in 1870 by Cantonese and Hakka immigrants. This burial ground has since been redeveloped and the original graves were relocated to the nearby Peck San Theng Temple. Bishan Planning Area, as defined by Singapore's Urban Redevelopment Authority is situated in the Central Region of Singapore, bounded by planning areas of Ang Mo Kio to the north, Toa Payoh to the south and Serangoon to the east. Bishan New Town sits within this planning area; as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority, Bishan Planning Area is divided into 3 subzones: Peck San Theng cemetery was established in 1870 on the site of present-day Bishan by Cantonese and Hakka immigrants. People began to settle around the cemetery, Kampong San Theng and Soon Hock Village, soon grew in size.
Singapore Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng, a federation of 16 Cantonese clans in Singapore and ran Kampong San Theng. This settlement grew over time to accommodate nearly 2000 inhabitants at the beginning of the 20th century. During World War II, the Peck San Theng cemetery became a battle ground between British and Japanese forces; the 2nd Battalion of the Cambridgeshire Regiment had engaged the Japanese forces on 14 February 1942 over the nearby strategically important Macritchie Reservoir. The Japanese bombed Kampong San Teng, which resulted in significant civilian casualties; the battle ended 15 January, when the British surrendered to the Japanese. At that point, British troops were still holding out along Braddell Road. During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, this area became a refuge for people trying to evade the Japanese because the Japanese occupiers were afraid to enter the cemetery. After the war, the graves of Peck San Theng became a known gangster hideout and gang-related crimes became rife in the area.
In 1973, the government ordered the cemetery to be closed and mandated that no fresh burials can be done within the cemetery. The government acquired this cemetery land from the Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng foundation for SGD$$4.95 million in 1979. As compensation, the government gave 3 hectares of the land back to the foundation for the foundation to build a columbarium; the foundation subsequently built a multi-story columbarium complex on this land. In the early 1970s, the Housing Development Board built the first housing estate, located at Sin Ming Road along with clusters of industrial sectors; the first blocks of residential flats were numbered Block 22-26, now known as Sin Ming Ville. Sin Ming industrial estate is known to be a popular destination for cars and vehicles related matters as the estate houses workshops and establishments specialising in vehicle maintenance and registration. By the 1980s, the Housing Development Board had begun further expanding the area into a satellite housing estate to meet the rising demand for housing from Singapore's then-growing population.
The residents in Kampong San Teng were resettled and a mass exhumation of the 170,000 graves were carried out in 1980. Redevelopment of the area started in 1982. On this land, HDB planned to construct 24,600 residential units distributed across 4 distinct neighbourhoods: Bishan East, Bishan North, Bishan West (subsequently renamed Sin Ming Garden Estate in
Kallang is a planning area and residential town located in the Central Region of Singapore. Development of the town is centered around the longest river in Singapore. Kallang Planning Area is bounded by Toa Payoh in the north, Geylang in the east, Marine Parade in the southeast, Marina East in the south, the Downtown Core in the southwest and Newton in the west, as well as Novena in the northwest. Throughout its history, Kallang was home to several national landmarks, some of which were built along the banks of the Kallang Basin, including the old National Stadium as well as the country's first purpose-built civil airport, the Kallang Airport; the famous Kallang Roar and Kallang Wave could have their roots traced to the former National Stadium which hosted 18 National Day Parades, as well as numerous notable cultural and sporting events. As such, Kallang played pivotal roles in Singapore's sporting histories. Today, Kallang is best known for being the location of Jalan Besar Stadium and the Singapore Sports Hub, home to the new National Stadium and the Singapore Indoor Stadium.
The new National Stadium hosted the National Day Parade in 2016, while the Singapore Indoor Stadium hosts world-class concerts and performances by renowned artists from around the world. The area of what is now Kallang first appeared in an 1830 survey map of Singapore as "Kilang". By 1838, the place name was spelled as "Kelang"; the modern-day "Kallang" is in use since 1842 though the alternative spelling "Kalang" is utilised in some instances. "Kallang" is an old Malay reference to a particular group of the orang laut, called orang biduanda kallang, who lived in the vicinity of the Kallang River and Singapore River. At the time of Raffles' landing in 1819, there were about 500 orang biduanda kallang. In 1824, the Temenggung resettled the orang biduanda kallang to the Pulai River in Malaysia, they consisted of about 100 families. However, in 1847, most of them died of a smallpox epidemic. By 1848, the orang biduanda kallang were extinct. There are other possible origins for this particular place name.
"Kallang" may be a corruption of the Malay word kilang, meaning "mill" or "factory". There were sawmills and rice hullers here. Another explanation for the origin of "Kallang" is that it is derived from galang, which means "to put a boat on wooden stocks or rollers", an appropriate term as the Kallang area sits on the confluence of multiple waterways; the Chinese and Tamil names for Kallang are "காலாங்" respectively. Both are direct transliterations of the English/Malay name. Kallang was nicknamed "火城" by the Chinese community because it was the site of the Kallang Gasworks. Situated towards the southeastern shore of Pulau Ujong, the perimeter of Kallang Planning Area is made up of Toa Payoh in the north, Geylang in the east, Marine Parade in the southeast, Marina East in the south, the Downtown Core in the southwest and Newton in the west, as well as Novena in the northwest. Starting from the north in an anti-clockwise direction, the boundaries of Kallang Planning Area are marked by the Pan Island Expressway, Central Expressway, Bukit Timah Road, Tekka Lane, Northumberland Road, Gloucester Road, Race Course Road, Rangoon Road, Serangoon Road, Syed Alwi Road, Jalan Sultan, Beach Road, Ophir Road, East Coast Parkway, Fort Road, Mountbatten Road, Sims Way.
Kallang Planning Area is part of the Central Region of Singapore. Although by definition a single "planning area" according to the Urban Redevelopment Authority, the Kallang/Whampoa New Town as per the Housing and Development Board includes the estate of Whampoa, located within Balestier subzone of the adjacent Novena Planning Area. Kallang/Whampoa is the only HDB town. Occupying an area of 9.17 square kilometres, Kallang Planning Area is ranked 32nd among the 55 planning areas in terms of total area, ahead of Bukit Panjang Planning Area and behind Punggol Planning Area. It is ranked 18th in terms of population size, ahead of Queenstown Planning Area and behind Punggol Planning Area. With an area of 7.99 square kilometres, Kallang/Whampoa New Town is ranked 9th among the 23 new towns in terms of total area, ahead of Bukit Batok New Town and behind Bukit Merah New Town. Kallang Planning Area consists of nine "subzones", as established by the Urban Redevelopment Authority for urban planning purpose.
It is noteworthy that while the Old Kallang Airport Estate along Old Airport Road and Dakota Crescent is associated with Kallang for historical reasons, it is placed under the subzone of Aljunied, part of the adjacent Geylang Planning Area, for urban planning purpose. The industrial zone bounded by MacPherson Road, Aljunied Road, the Pelton Canal and Pan Island Expressway is part of the Kallang Way subzone. Despite the name of this subzone, it is now part of Geylang; this area formed part of the now-defunct Kallang mukim. The subzone of Farrer Park belongs to the adjacent Rochor Planning Area though the eponymous open field known as "Farrer Park" is located within Kallang. While the subzones of Little India and Kampong Glam constitute parts of Rochor, many developments associated with these two areas are located within Kallang, resulting in an "overspill" effect. "Little India" and "Kampong Glam" refer to their respective cultural districts that are larger than the URA-defined subzones and extend into Kallang.
The subzone of Lorong 8 Toa Payoh was known as "Kallang" due to its location on either side of the Kallang River. The subzone was renamed to its current name
Bukit Ho Swee
Bukit Ho Swee is a subzone within the planning area of Bukit Merah, Singapore, as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority. Its boundary is made up of the Alexandra Canal in the north. Bukit Ho Swee got its name from Tay Ho Swee, an influential Chinese opium and spirit farmer, timber merchant and ship owner, he was the son of Tay Han Leong, the first opium and spirit dealer in Singapore. When Bukit Ho Swee got its official name in 1907, it was an area with many attap houses. Bukit Ho Swee had a prominent Chinese community dating back to the days when Singapore was under British rule. Built over with wood frame huts with thatched roofs, it was an unplanned self-built township of about 20,000, its rabbit warren of narrow lanes, passable only to pedestrians, made it an ideal base for gangs who could escape police pursuit, too dangerous. A major fire, the Bukit Ho Swee Fire, broke out on 25 May 1961 and the wooden huts were destroyed. Unlike previous kampong fires, the inferno managed to spread across two roads, destroying the homes of nearly 16,000 people.
The scale of this fire far surmounted all the previous fires. This includes the great fire of February 1959 at Kampong Tiong Bahru, which happened just across the main road from Bukit Ho Swee, which had rendered 5,000 people homeless. Thereafter, a second fire broke out seven years that wiped out the remaining of Kampong Bukit Ho Swee, it caused 3,000 people to lose their homes. The constituted Housing and Development Board, moved in to construct low-cost housing in the form of apartment blocks. Since these were patrolled by the police, gang power and influence waned; as part of the HDB's plan to move locals out of squatters into "estates", a school was opened to serve the residents. Bukit Ho Swee Secondary School was located at Lower Delta Road. In 1991 it merged with the now defunct Tiong Bahru Secondary School, located several minutes' walk away; the site is now occupied by PSB Academy Delta campus. Much of the housing in Bukit Ho Swee that existed at that time consisted of one-room emergency flats and bigger self- contained two room flats.
A one-room rental emergency flat would cost 20 dollars a month while a bigger two-room would cost only 4,000 dollar to buy. Citizens squeezed their entire families in these tiny flats - studies have shown that at one time there could be up to 10 people living in the small space. Other bigger families would resort to splitting the family between two flats. Bukit Ho Swee is now little remains of its chaotic past. Tiong Bahru MRT Station is the nearest MRT station. Nearby schools and educational institutions include Zhangde Primary School, Gan Eng Seng School, Henderson Secondary School, Outram Secondary School, PSB Academy and the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School; the entire Bukit Ho Swee town, its neighbouring areas such as Delta Avenue estate and Indus Road is managed by Jalan Besar Town Council
Holland Road, Singapore
Holland Road is a subzone of the Bukit Timah planning area named after the major road of the same name in Bukit Timah, Singapore. Holland Road is located near Holland Village, a neighborhood along the Queenstown–Bukit Timah boundary, popular for its restaurants and nightspots and is frequented by expatriates. Holland Road and Holland Village were named after an early resident in Singapore, Hugh Holland, an architect; the roads Holland Avenue, Holland Close and Holland Drive were named as such in 1972. Holland Road is known as hue hng au in Hokkien, meaning "behind the flower garden"; the "flower garden" refers to the Botanic Gardens
HarbourFront, is a waterfront district situated in southern Singapore. Whilst HarbourFront's boundaries are ambiguous, its location is represented on the URA's Master Plan as a subzone called Maritime Square, located within the Bukit Merah Planning Area. Main thoroughfares in HarbourFront include Telok Blangah Road. Notable buildings in the vicinity include HarbourFront Centre, Singapore Cruise Centre, St James Power Station and VivoCity. Maritime Square is being redeveloped into a new business and lifestyle hub; the area was known as Seah Im but was referred to as Jardine Steps. After the Port of Singapore expanded, it was developed into Maritime Square and renamed as HarbourFront; the present-day appellation, HarbourFront, was coined in the 2000s to give the area a more upmarket feel. HarbourFront was once close to the southernmost point of the main island of Singapore, until land reclamation in Tanjong Pagar and Tuas, its location in the sheltered waters of Keppel Harbour helped the area to thrive as a commercial area adjacent to Keppel Shipyards with the building of the former World Trade Centre in 1978.
Singapore's first major Exhibitions and Conventions venue, the World Trade Centre Exhibition Complex, was subsequently built beside the World Trade Centre, served as a transport node with ferries to Sentosa and other regional destinations such as Batam. The Singapore Cruise Centre opened in 1991 in HarbourFront as the country's first international cruise terminal. Massive redevelopment in the area after the closure of the shipyard subsequently led to the name HarbourFront being coined in the early 2000s to refer to the immediate vicinity of the World Trade Centre, in the midst of a major refurbishment project. Relaunched as HarbourFront Centre, the former World Trade Centre has its neighbouring Exhibition Complex demolished to make way for VivoCity, the upgrading of the Cable Car Towers and the construction of two new office blocks adjacent to it. Transportation into the area was vastly improved with the opening of the HarbourFront MRT Station and extension of the HarbourFront Bus Interchange.
The new monorail link to Sentosa, the Sentosa Express has been completed and opened on 15 January 2007. The HarbourFront station of the Circle Line had opened on 8 October 2011. A new six-storey office building is in the works as a new addition to the HarbourFront Office Park; the new site is known as the HarbourFront Merrill Lynch, a six-storey building and will be occupied by American bank Merrill Lynch with a total area of 200,000 sq ft. Another office development is being planned on the site of the current SPI Building. Furthermore, a residential development is possible in the future; the Singapore Cruise Centre would be expanded to accommodate over 6 million passengers by 2010. The HarbourFront Precinct Masterplan The HarbourFront Precinct Masterplan
Clifford Pier is a former pier located beside Collyer Quay at Marina Bay within the Downtown Core of the Central Area, Singapore. It had since renovated and serves as a restaurant under the same namesake "The Clifford Pier", offering a selection of local and Western dishes under the operations of The Fullerton Bay Hotel since then. Before the Tanjong Pagar wharves were built in the 1850s, Johnston's Pier was the chief landing place. By the 1930s, the pier was worn out and Governor of the Straits Settlements Sir Cecil Clementi decided to build a new one to replace the old pier. Clifford Pier was built between 1927 and 1933, was named after Sir Hugh Clifford, the former Governor of the Straits Settlements between 1927 and 1929, its opening on 3 June 1933 was boycotted by merchants because they wanted the old name, Johnston's Pier, reinstated. The Scottish Alexander Laurie Johnston was one of the earliest distinguished European residents, in Singapore at about the same time as Sir Stamford Raffles.
A friend of the latter, Johnston was one of Singapore's first businessmen and the founder of the Chamber of Commerce. He was a popular and well-respected citizen whose business was directly connected in those days with imports and exports to and from Europe, ships' victualling and supplies; this meant that ships' captains called on Johnston, well known for his kindness and hospitality. Johnston established his company on the site of Whiteaway's Building and in 1848 moved to the present Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank site. In order to facilitate the transportation of import and export goods from boats, a pier was built by the company and named after Johnston; the Hoklos called it ang theng beh thow, meaning "red lamp harbour", referring to a red beacon which shone over the pier at night as a warning to ships. Sir Hugh Clifford, on the other hand, although a regarded man, had no connection with the port of Singapore or its amenities other than the fact that he was the governor, his activities were occupied with his visits to the Malay States and in particular Pahang, the scene of much of his earlier service.
Clifford Pier was a landing point for other sea passengers. A red oil lamp used to hang from the pier as a guide to seafarers, earning the pier the name Red Lamp Pier; the pier was used as a terminal for tourists and day trippers who boarded small boats and ferries heading for the Southern Islands. During the annual pilgrimage season to Kusu Island, regular ferries departed from Clifford Pier to the island. Clifford Pier ceased operations on 1 April 2006, was replaced by the Marina South Pier. Clifford Pier was designed by the Public Works Department, where Frank Dorrington Ward was the Chief Architect in the 1930s; the pier has a simple but unique architecture with a roof structure comprising concrete arched trusses in a riband form. Details, such as brackets and the fire hose cabinets, were evidently designed with much consideration. With the construction of the Marina Barrage, a dam across the Marina Channel which will convert the existing Marina Bay into a reservoir, the existing Clifford Pier has ceased operations on 1 April 2006.
The Marina South Pier has been constructed at Marina South and was opened in April 2006 to replace the existing Clifford Pier. The existing 26,000 square metre Clifford Pier site including its adjacent former Customs Harbour Branch building has been safeguarded for conservation, its surrounding land parcels are being developed into a retail, leisure and hotel centre. After 18 months of renovation costing S$6 million, the premises was leased to Calvin Yeung, a famed Hong Kong restaurateur, his upscale Chinese restaurant One On The Bund was opened on the former pier in 11 December 2008. Yeung's restaurant was closed in early 2014. On May 2014, a new restaurant was reopened on the former pier under the same namesake The Clifford Pier, was part of The Fullerton Bay Hotel dining concept offering a wide selection of local and Western dishes; the Fullerton Heritage The Fullerton Hotel Singapore The Fullerton Bay Hotel The Fullerton Waterboat House Marina Bay Marina Barrage National Heritage Board, Singapore's 100 Historic Places, Archipelago Press, ISBN 981-4068-23-3 Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh, Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1 Norman Edwards, Peter Keys, Singapore - A Guide to Buildings, Places, Times Books International, ISBN 9971-65-231-5 Lianhe Zaobao, Marina South New Clifford Pier to start operations in Apr 2006, 3 Jan 2006