click links in text for more info

Bulambuli District

Bulambuli District is a district in Eastern Uganda. The district is named after'chief town', where the district headquarters are located. Bulambuli District is bordered by Nakapiripirit District to the north, Kapchorwa District to the east, Sironko District to the south and Bukedea District to the west. Bulambuli, the district headquarters, is located 32 kilometres, by road, northeast of Mbale, the largest city in the sub-region; the coordinates of the district are:01 22N, 34 09E. Bulambuli District was created by Act of the Ugandan Parliament, in 2009, became operational on 1 July 2010. Prior to that, the district was part of Sironko District; the terrain in the southern part of the district is prone to flash flooding. The northern part of the district, closer to Nakapiripirit District, is more dry and is prone to clean water shortages. In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 64,600; the next national census in 2002 estimated the population of the district at about 97,300.

In 2012, the population of Bulambuli District was estimated at 125,400. Subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry are the two main economic activities in the district. Crops grown include: Some of the prominent people from the district include the following: Engineer Irene Nafuna Muloni - Electrical engineer and politician. Current Minister of oil and minerals in Uganda's cabinet. Member of Parliament for Bulambuli District Women's Representative in Uganda's 9th parliament. Bulambuli Eastern Uganda Uganda Districts Map of Bulambuli District Map At

Pyroclastic surge

A pyroclastic surge referred as a dilute pyroclastic density current, is a flowing mixture of gas and rock fragments ejected during some volcanic eruptions. Pyroclastic surge refers to a specific type of pyroclastic current which moves on the ground as a turbulent flow with low particle concentration with support from the gas phase. Pyroclastic surges are thus more mobile and less confined compared to dense pyroclastic flows, which allows them to override ridges and hills rather than always travel downhill; the velocity of the head of pyroclastic density currents has been measured directly via e.g. photography as for the case of Mount St. Helens, reaching 90–130 m/s. Estimates for other recent eruptions range from less than 10 m/s up to 100 m/s. Pyroclastic flows may generate surges. For example, the city of Saint-Pierre in Martinique was overcome by a pyroclastic surge in 1902. Pyroclastic surges can be subdivided into three types: base surge, ash-cloud surge, ground surge. First recognized after the Taal Volcano eruption of 1965 in the Philippines, where a visiting volcanologist from USGS recognized the phenomenon as comparable to base surge in nuclear explosions.

Similar to the ground-hugging blasts associated with nuclear explosions, these surges are expanding rings of turbulent mixture of fragments and gas that surge outward at the base of explosion columns. Base surges are more generated by the interaction of magma and water or phreatomagmatic eruptions, they develop from the interaction of magma and water to form thin wedge-shaped deposits characteristic of maars. Ash-cloud surges are considered the most devastating, they form thin deposits, but travel at great speed carrying abundant debris such as trees, bricks, tiles etc. They are so powerful that they blast and erode material, they are produced when conditions in an eruption column are close to the boundary conditions separating convection from collapse, that is, switching from one condition to the other. These deposits are found at the base of pyroclastic flows, they are thinly bedded and cross-bedded. They are about 1 m thick and consist of lithic and crystal fragments, they appear to form from the flow itself.

One possibility is. This results in the flow front surging forward, over-run by the rest of the flow. Pyroclastic fall Pyroclastic flow Pyroclastic rock

Roman Catholic Diocese of Tampico

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tampico is a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Monterrey. Francisco de la Concepción Ramírez y González, O. F. M. Jose Maria Ignacio Montes de Oca y Obregón, appointed Bishop of Linares o Nueva León, Nuevo León Giuseppe Ignazio Eduardo Sánchez Camacho Filemón Fierro y Terán José de Jesús Guzmán y Sánchez José Guadalupe Ortíz y López, appointed Bishop of Chilapa, Guerrero Serafín María Armora y González Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada, appointed Archbishop of Antequera, Oaxaca. S. A. – Bishop Emeritus José Luis Dibildox Martínez José Armando Álvarez Cano Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada, appointed Bishop here. Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2007-02-07

Sultan al-Wa'izin Shirazi

Ayatollah Seyed Mohammad Shirazi known as Sultan al-Wa'izin Shirazi, was a prominent Shi'a scholar. He authored Peshawar Nights, an account of a public debate between Shi'a and Sunni Muslims which took place in Peshawar over 10 nights beginning on 27 January 1927 Sultanu l-Wa'izin Shirazi was born in Tehran on 12 May 1894. After his primary school in Tehran, he studied in some Hawzas. According to the book, he participated in a public debate between Sunni Muslims; the debate is said to have taken place in Peshawar beginning on 27 January 1924. The Shi'a were victorious in debate. According to the preface: A condition of the dialogue was that only sources acceptable to both sects would be cited; the dialogue was held in Persian understood in the city of Peshawar. The transcript, made by four reporters and published in the newspapers daily, was published in book form in Teheran and soon became a classic authority in the East; the present work is based on the fourth edition, published in Teheran in 1971, the year in which Sultan al-Wa'izin died at the age of 75 List of Islamic scholars

Huitong County

Huitong County is a county of Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of Huaihua Prefecturel-level City. Located on the west central margin of the province, the county lies to the east of the border of Guizhou, it is bordered to the north by Zhijiang County and Hongjiang City, to the east and southeast by Suining County, to the south by Jingzhou County, to the west by Tianzhu County of Guizhou. Huitong County covers 2,258.76 km2, as of 2015, It had a registered population of 365,800 and a resident population of 330,500. Huitong County has eight towns and 10 townships under its jurisdiction, the government seat is Lincheng.


John Abeel III, known as Gaiänt'wakê or Kaiiontwa'kon in the Seneca language and thus known as Cornplanter, was a Seneca war chief and diplomat of the Wolf clan. As a chief warrior, Cornplanter fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. In both wars, the Seneca and three other Iroquois nations were allied with the British. After the war Cornplanter led negotiations with the United States and was a signatory of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, he helped gain Iroquois neutrality during the Northwest Indian War. In the postwar years, Cornplanter worked to learn more about European-American ways and invited Quakers to establish schools in Seneca territory. Disillusioned by his people's poor reaction to European-American society, he had the schools closed and followed his half-brother Handsome Lake's movement returning to the traditional Seneca way and religion; the United States government granted him about 1500 acres of former Seneca territory in Pennsylvania in 1796 for "him and his heirs forever", which became known as the Cornplanter Tract.

After Cornplanter's lineage died off, the tract was planned by the federal government to be flooded as the site of a man-made reservoir after 1965 by completion of the Kinzua Dam on the Allegheny River. The remains of Cornplanter, his descendants, an 1866 monument to him were relocated. Most of the remaining residents were forced to relocate to the Allegany Reservation of the federally recognized Seneca Nation of New York. Cornplanter was born between 1732 and 1746 at Canawaugus on the Genesee River in present-day New York State, he was the son of a Seneca woman, Gah-hon-no-neh, a Dutch trader, Johannes "John" Abeel II. The Dutch had settled in the area generations before, Cornplanter's father, an Albany fur trader, was part of an established family; the Abeel family name was sometimes anglicized to Abeele. John Abeel II was connected to leaders in business and politics; the grandfather after whom he was named, Johannes Abeel I, was a trader and merchant who built up links with the indigenous people along his trade routes, who served as the second mayor of Albany the capital of New York.

The younger John Abeel was a gunsmith and was gladly accepted into the Indian community to repair their guns. Cornplanter was raised by his mother among the Seneca, his Seneca name, Gaiänt'wakê, means "the planter," and another variation, means "by what one plants." As the Seneca and other Iroquois nations had a matrilineal system of kinship, Cornplanter was considered a member of his mother's clan, the Wolf Clan, which included many leaders in the relations between settlers and Indians, gained his status from them. Males of the Wolf clan had a traditional function as war chiefs. Cornplanter first became known as war chief of the Seneca when they allied with the French against the English during the French and Indian War, he was present at Braddock's defeat. During the American Revolution, both Cornplanter and his uncle, Chief Guyasutha, wanted the Iroquois nations to remain neutral, he believed. "War is war," he told other Iroquois. "Death is death. A fight is a hard business." Both the British and the American Patriots had urged the Iroquois nations to stay neutral.

Both sides told Indians that there was no need for their involvement. When the fighting between the Colonists and the British heated up, however; the British offered large amounts of goods rum and other goods, built on their long trading relationship. The Iroquois League met together at Oswego in July 1777. Although Guysutha and Cornplanter voted for neutrality, when the majority of chiefs voted to side with the British, they both honored the majority decision; because of the status of the Seneca as war chiefs among the Iroquois, most of the Iroquois Confederacy followed suit. Still, bands made their own decisions as the people were decentralized; the Iroquois named Sayenqueraghta and Cornplanter as war chiefs of the four nations that allied with the British: the Mohawk, Seneca and Cayuga. Cornplanter joined forces with the Loyalist Lt. Colonel John Butler and his rangers at the 1778 Battle of Wyoming Valley in present-day Pennsylvania, they killed many settlers and destroyed their properties, in what the rebel Americans called the Wyoming Massacre.

Fighting on the frontier was fierce. Patriot forces under Colonel Thomas Hartley burned the Seneca village of Tioga. In reprisal and Mohawk war chief Joseph Brant participated in the 1778 Loyalist-Iroquois attacks led by Captain Walter Butler and Butler's Rangers in Cherry Valley, New York; the Americans called these events the Cherry Valley Massacre. During this offensive many unarmed patriot civilians were captured. During this campaign, Cornplanter's men happened to capture his father Johannes Abeel after burning his house. Cornplanter, who had once gone as a young man to see Abeel, offered apology, he invited Abeel to go back to his white family. When his father chose the latter, Cornplanter had Seneca warriors accompany him in safety. After the victories of the Loyalist and Iroquois forces, commander-in-chief General George Washington commissioned Major General John Sullivan to invade Six Nation territory throughout New York and destroy Iroquois vil