Stevens Creek (California)
Stevens Creek is a creek in Santa Clara County, California. The creek originates in the Santa Cruz Mountains on the western flank of Black Mountain in the Monte Bello Open Space Preserve near the terminus of Page Mill Road at Skyline Boulevard, it flows southeasterly through the Stevens Creek County Park before turning northeast into Stevens Creek Reservoir. It continues north for 12.5 miles through Cupertino, Los Altos and Mountain View before emptying into the San Francisco Bay at the Whisman Slough, near Google's main campus. The creek was named Arroyo San José de Cupertino by Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza, who camped along the creek on his expedition from Monterey to San Francisco. De Anza completed the first overland route to San Francisco Bay when he and Father Pedro Font sighted the bay from a prominent knoll near the entry of Rancho San Antonio County Park. In de Anza's diary on March 25, 1776, he states that he "arrived at the "Arroyo San José de Cupertino", useful only for travelers.
Here we halted for the night. From this place we have seen at our right the estuary which runs from the port of San Francisco." The Diocese of San Jose dedicated de Anza's Knoll as permanent public open space. The Saint Joseph of Cupertino place name is preserved today in the city of Cupertino to the east and in the Saint Joseph of Cupertino Parish Catholic church in the city; the Arroyo San José de Cupertino became Cupertino Creek sometime before 1866, but was re-named for Elijah Stephens, a South Carolina-born blacksmith and trapper who settled on Cupertino Creek in 1848. Stephens renamed his 160-acre property at the base of Black Mountain "Blackberry Farm". Stephens is notable for being the captain of the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party, the first wagon train to cross the Sierra Nevada. Stevens Creek consists of 20 miles of channel, enters the San Francisco Estuary near Long Point, north of Moffett Field Naval Air Station, at Whisman Slough between Mountain View's Shoreline Park and Stevens Creek Shoreline Nature Study Area.
It drains a watershed of about 29 square miles. There is Stevens Creek Reservoir at 531 feet of elevation; the reservoir was constructed in 1935 to provide storage capacity of winter runoff that could be used to recharge the Santa Clara valley aquifer. The reservoir is managed by the Santa Clara Valley Water District and has a current capacity of 3,465 acre feet of water; as managed by the SCVWD, flows are released during summer months which result in maintaining a wet channel for 5.7 miles downstream of the Reservoir in order to preserve steelhead. Tributaries above the Stevens Creek Reservoir include Indian Creek, Bay Creek, Gold Mine Creek, Swiss Creek and Montebello Creek. One tributary, Heney Creek, joins the mainstem 3.7 miles below the Reservoir. Additionally, a diversion channel from Permanente Creek sends winter storm flows into Stevens Creek 6.3 miles below the reservoir. The Stevens Creek Trail is a 5-mile long bicycle and pedestrian path that runs south continuously from Shoreline Park to Heatherstone Way in Mountain View.
Cupertino has completed an 1-mile section of trail that runs north along the creek from McClellan Road to Stevens Creek Blvd. Passing the 4-H farm and community gardens in McClellan Ranch Park nature preserve, the Blackberry Farm Park; the trail is separated from vehicular traffic, using numerous overcrossings and underpasses. The four cities of Sunnyvale, Los Altos, Mountain View are cooperating on potential trail alignments with the goal of a completed trail from the Bay to the Santa Cruz Mountains. Stevens Creek was one of the prime steelhead habitats within the county; the Sportsman Gazetteer in 1877 touted Stevens Creek as a trout fishing destination. Six physical specimens were collected in 1893 by Stanford Biology Professor W. W. Thoburn and are in the California Academy of Sciences collection. In 1898 John Otterbein Snyder collected steelhead trout specimens in Stevens Creek. Leidy reviewed numerous historical observer and sampling records of steelhead trout in Stevens Creek throughout the twentieth century and noted that hatchery stock planted in the creek did not seem to survive like the native, wild trout did.
In a genetic study of fish from Santa Clara Valley streams, Stevens Creek and other trout had coastal steelhead ancestry and no substantial introgression of hatchery trout. The Stevens Creek fish were related to the steelhead trout in nearby basins. However, there are significant barriers for anadromous steelhead to run up Stevens Creek to spawn. In a 1994 study, the Santa Clara Valley Water District found fish ladders at the Central Expressway and U. S. Route 101 had insufficient flow and/or were clogged with debris and sediment. In addition, the drop structure at L’Avenida Avenue was impassable in all five years of the study. In August, 2003 the Stevens & Permanente Creeks Watershed Council was formed to support stewardship of the watersheds; the SCVWD’s Fish and Aquatic Habitat Collaborative Effort, has recommended removal of the Denil-type fish ladders at Fremont Avenue, Evelyn Avenue, Moffett Boulevard which tend to clog with debris and are now classified as partial barriers by the California Department of Fish and Game.
Adjacent to the fish ladder at Moffett Boulevard is a concrete drop structure built in th
California State Route 82
State Route 82 is a state highway in the U. S. state of California that runs from Interstate 880 in San Jose to I-280 in San Francisco following the San Francisco Peninsula. It is the spinal arterial road of the peninsula and runs parallel to the nearby Caltrain line along much of the route. For much of its length, the highway is named El Camino Real and formed part of the historic El Camino Real mission trail, it passes through and near many the historic downtowns of many Peninsula cities, including Burlingame, San Mateo, Redwood City, Menlo Park, Palo Alto, Mountain View, Sunnyvale, through some of the most walkable and transit-oriented neighborhoods in the region. At its south end SR 82 starts as The Alameda at I-880 in San Jose. Once it enters Santa Clara, it bends north-east around Santa Clara University and onto El Camino Real, where it continues for the remainder of its trip up the San Francisco Peninsula, paralleling the Caltrain corridor. SR 82 called "El Camino" by local residents, runs through a number of cities on the Peninsula, including Palo Alto, San Carlos, San Mateo and Millbrae, it is a central artery of the Peninsula communities through which it passes.
In Daly City, SR 82 becomes Mission Street, connecting with San Francisco's Mission Street, but quickly flows onto San Jose Avenue, crossing Alemany Boulevard, terminating at I-280. SR 82 takes an inland course paralleling US 101; the entire route is at street level with at least four lanes of traffic. The Bayshore Freeway and I-280 tend to provide faster alternatives than Route 82 during traffic jams on those freeways. From 1964 to 1968, SR 82 continued past its current end north on Alemany Boulevard to Bayshore Boulevard in San Francisco. Prior to 2013, SR 82 continued past its current south end on The Alameda, becoming Santa Clara St. in Downtown San Jose turning south on Montgomery St. / Autumn St.. It turned south on Market St. which becomes 1st St. and Monterey Highway. It followed Monterey Highway until it turned east on Blossom Hill Road, where it ended at US 101; this relinquished segment south of I-880 within San Jose is no longer a state highway, but the state's Streets and Highways Code mandates that the City of San Jose is still required to maintain "signs directing motorists to the continuation of Route 82" and "ensure the continuity of traffic flow" on this segment.
Signs along US 101, I-280, SR 87 where these relinquished segments intersect still have SR 82 shields. Though as of 2017, certain signs with SR 82 shields have been removed along US 101 near Blossom Hill Road and Capitol Expressway. SR 82 is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration. A segment of US 101, the highway became inadequate for the needs of traffic with the rapid growth of the San Francisco Bay Area after World War II, including urbanization of the towns along its path; the Bayshore Highway to the east was built as "Bypass US 101" and was upgraded to a freeway in 1937. With this upgrade, the original US 101 route was transferred to the Bayshore Freeway, El Camino Real became US 101 BYP, but in response to protests, the switch in designations was reversed two years in 1939, the Bayshore Freeway remained US 101 BYP until 1964. In 1964, US 101 was moved again onto the Bayshore Freeway, its former alignment on El Camino Real became SR 82.
It was defined as two portions: From Route 101 near Ford Road south of San Jose to Route 101 in San Francisco, from Route 101 near Alemany Boulevard to Route 87 in San Francisco. In 1968, the portions from I-280 to US 101 and from SR 101 to SR 87 were transferred to I-280. SR 87 was deleted north of SR 237 in 1980, is only constructed south of US 101, SR 82 today is designated as part of El Camino Real. In 2013, SR 82 was relinquished south of I-880 through San Jose. However, the state's Streets and Highways Code states that the City of San Jose is still required to "ensure the continuity of traffic flow on the relinquished former portion of Route 82" along The Alameda into downtown San Jose, from there along Monterey Highway to its former terminus at Blossom Hill Road and US 101; the city has the further option to apply to make this segment a business route. The Grand Boulevard Initiative is a partnership of nineteen Bay Area transit agencies and municipalities that operate or manage various portions of the route.
Although El Camino Real is under the stewardship of Caltrans, the organization sponsors aesthetic and infrastructural improvements along the corridor and its neighboring parcels in order to revitalize the streetscape and promote density and more walkable and transit-oriented development. Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on its original southern terminus at US 101, do not reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, T indicates postmiles classified as temporary. Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted; the numbers reset at county lines.
State schools are primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. While such schools are to be found in every country, there are significant variations in their structure and educational programs. State education encompasses primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities and technical schools that are funded and overseen by government rather than by private entities; the position before there were government-funded schools varied: in many instances there was an established educational system which served a significant, albeit elite, sector of the population. The introduction of government-organised schools was in some cases able to build upon this established system, both systems have continued to exist, sometimes in a parallel and complementary relationship and other times less harmoniously. State education is inclusive, both in its treatment of students and in that enfranchisement for the government of public education is as broad as for government generally.
It is organised and operated to be a deliberate model of the civil community in which it functions. Although provided to groups of students in classrooms in a central school, it may be provided in-home, employing visiting teachers, and/or supervising teachers, it can be provided in non-school, non-home settings, such as shopping mall space. State education is available to all. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to attend school up to a certain age, but the option of attending private school is open to many. In the case of private schooling, schools operate independently of the state and defray their costs by charging parents tuition fees; the funding for state schools, on the other hand, is provided by tax revenues, so that individuals who do not attend school help to ensure that society is educated. In poverty stricken societies, authorities are lax on compulsory school attendance because child labour is exploited, it is these same children whose income-securing labour cannot be forfeited to allow for school attendance.
The term "public education" when applied to state schools is not synonymous with the term "publicly funded education". Government may make a public policy decision that it wants to have some financial resources distributed in support of, it may want to have some control over, the provision of private education. Grants-in-aid of private schools and vouchers systems provide examples of publicly funded private education. Conversely, a state school may rely on private funding such as high fees or private donations and still be considered state by virtue of governmental ownership and control. State primary and secondary education involves the following: compulsory student attendance. In some countries, private associations or churches can operate schools according to their own principles, as long as they comply with certain state requirements; when these specific requirements are met in the area of the school curriculum, the schools will qualify to receive state funding. They are treated financially and for accreditation purposes as part of the state education system though they make decisions about hiring and school policy, which the state might not make itself.
Government schools are free to attend for Australian citizens and permanent residents, whereas independent schools charge attendance fees. They can be divided into two categories: selective schools; the open schools accept all students from their government-defined catchment areas. Government schools educate 65% of Australian students, with 34% in Catholic and independent schools. Regardless of whether a school is part of the Government or independent systems, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks of their state or territory; the curriculum framework however provides for some flexibility in the syllabus, so that subjects such as religious education can be taught. Most school students wear uniforms. Public or Government funded; these schools teach students from Year 1 to 10, with examinations for students in years 5, 8, 10. All public schools follow the National Board Curriculum. Many children girls, drop out of school after completing the 5th Year in remote areas. In larger cities such as Dhaka, this is uncommon.
Many good public schools conduct an entrance exam, although most public schools in the villages and small towns do not. Public schools are the only option for parents and children in rural areas, but there are large numbers of private schools in Dhaka and Chittagong. Many Bangladeshi private schools teach their students in English and follow curricula from overseas, but in public schools lessons are taught in Bengali. Per the Canadian constitution, public-school education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and, as such, there are many variations among the provinces. Junior kindergarten exists as an official program in only Ontario and Quebec while kindergarten is available in every province, but provincial funding and the level of ho
Los Altos Hills, California
Los Altos Hills is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, United States. The population was 7,922 at the 2010 census; the Los Altos Hills ZIP code 94022 appeared on the 2017 Forbes list of America's most expensive ZIP codes. Los Altos Hills has a ban on commercial zones, upheld by the California Court of Appeal in 1973; the town's two retail commercial operations are the book store on the campus of Foothill College and the gift shop on the grounds of the Immaculate Heart Monastery of the Poor Clare Colettines. The town does not have library, with mail delivery provided from nearby Los Altos; the town's zoning regulations require a minimum lot size of one acre, setbacks from the property boundary, easements for public pathways. Landowners are limited to one primary dwelling per lot, which bans multifamily housing. S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in 1974; the town contracts with Santa Clara County for police and fire services, making it a so-called "contract city" under California law.
The town is home to a monastery of the Immaculate Heart of the Poor Clare Colettines. Los Altos Hills is located at 37°22′17″N 122°8′15″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.8 square miles, all of it land. The town is located in a group of small hills. Both the Altamont and Monte Vista Faults pass through the town. Los Altos hills maintains a rural feel, similar to the likes of neighboring Woodside and Portola Valley. There are many open space preserves, such as Westwind Barn; the 2010 United States Census reported that Los Altos Hills had a population of 7,922. The population density was 900.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Los Altos Hills was 5,417 White, 37 African American, 4 Native American, 2,109 Asian, 8 Pacific Islander, 50 from other races, 297 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 213 persons; the Census reported that 99.3% of the population lived in households and 0.7% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters.
There were 2,829 households, out of which 949 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,204 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 114 had a female householder with no husband present, 53 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 53 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 19 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 359 households were made up of individuals and 210 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78. There were 2,371 families; the population was spread out with 1,811 people under the age of 18, 342 people aged 18 to 24, 1,083 people aged 25 to 44, 2,848 people aged 45 to 64, 1,838 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. There were 3,001 housing units at an average density of 341.0 per square mile, of which 2,582 were owner-occupied, 247 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%.
7,162 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 707 people lived in rental housing units. The median income for a household in the town was $219,485, the median income for a family was $224,922. Males had a median income of $152,361 versus $89,216 for females; the per capita income for the town was $118,779. About 2.2% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,902 people, 2,740 households, 2,339 families residing in the town; the population density was 917.2 people per square mile. There were 2,816 housing units at an average density of 326.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 74.94% White, 21.10% Asian, 0.59% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 2.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.15% of the population. There were 2,740 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.0% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.6% were non-families.
10.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 35.8% from 45 to 64, 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $143,570, the median income for a family was $161,865. Males had a median income of $200,000+ versus $178,288 for females; the per capita income for the town was $92,840. About 1.2% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over. The town of Los Altos Hills has a five-member elected city council. Several volunteer
A charter school is a school that receives government funding but operates independently of the established state school system in which it is located. Charter schools are an example of public asset privatization. There is ongoing debate on whether charter schools ought to be described as private schools or state schools. Advocates of the charter model state that they are public schools because they are open to all students and do not charge tuition, while critics cite charter schools' private operation and loose regulations regarding public accountability and labor issues as arguments against the concept. All Australian private schools have received some federal government funding since the 1970s. Since they have educated 30% of high school students. None of them is a charter school. Since 2009, the Government of Western Australia has been trialling the Independent Public School Initiative; these public schools could be regarded as akin to ` charter' Schools. The Canadian province of Alberta enacted legislation in 1994 enabling charter schools.
The first charter schools under the new legislation were established in 1995: New Horizons Charter School, Suzuki Charter School, the Centre for Academic and Personal Excellence. As of 2015, Alberta remains the only Canadian province. There are 23 charter school campuses operated by 13 Alberta charter schools; the number of charter schools is limited to a maximum of 15. Chile has a long history of private subsidized schooling, akin to charter schooling in the United States. Before the 1980s, most private subsidized schools were religious and owned by churches or other private parties, but they received support from the central government. In the 1980s, the government of Augusto Pinochet promoted neoliberal reforms in the country. In 1981 a competitive voucher system in education was adopted; these vouchers could be used in private subsidized schools. After this reform, the share of private subsidized schools, many of them secular, grew from 18.5% of schools in 1980 to 32.7% of schools in 2001. As of 2012, nearly 60% of Chilean students study in charter schools.
Colombia, like Chile, has a long tradition of private schools. With the economic crisis of religious orders, different levels of the state have had to finance these schools to keep them functioning. In some cities such as Bogotá, there are programs of private schools financed by public resources, giving education access to children from poor sectors; these cases, are small and about 60% of children and young people study in private schools paid for by their families. Moreover, private schools have higher quality than public ones; the United Kingdom established grant-maintained schools in England and Wales in 1988. They allowed individual schools; when they were abolished in 1998, most turned into foundation schools, which are under their local district authority but still have a high degree of autonomy. Prior to the 2010 general election, there were about 200 academies in England; the Academies Act 2010 aims to vastly increase this number. Due to Art. 7 of the Grundgesetz, private schools may only be set up if they do not increase the segregation of pupils by their parents' income class.
In return, all private schools are supported financially by government bodies, comparable to charter schools. The amount of control over school organization, curriculum etc. taken over by the state differs from state to state and from school to school. Average financial support given by government bodies was 85% of total costs in 2009. Academically, all private schools must lead their students to the ability to attain standardized, government-provided external tests such as the Abitur; some private schools in Hong Kong receive government subsidy under the Direct Subsidy Scheme. DSS schools are free to design their curriculum, select their own students, charge for tuition. A number of DSS schools were state schools prior to joining the scheme. Charter schools in New Zealand, labelled as Partnership schools | kura hourua, were allowed for after an agreement between the National Party and the ACT Party following the 2011 general election; the controversial legislation passed with a five-vote majority.
A small number of charter schools started in 2013 and 2014. All cater for students. Most of the students have issues with drugs, poor attendance and achievement. Most of the students are Pacific Islander. One of the schools is set up as a military academy. One of the schools ran into major difficulties within weeks of starting, it is now being run by an executive manager from Child and Family, a government social welfare organization, together with a commissioner appointed by the Ministry of Education. 36 organizations have applied to start charter schools. As in Sweden, the publicly funded but run charter schools in Norway are named friskoler and was formally instituted in 2003, but dismissed in 2007. Private schools have since medieval times been a part of the education system, is today consisting of 63 Montessori and 32 Steiner charter schools, some religious schools and 11 non-governmental funded schools like the Oslo International School, the German School Max Tau and the French School Lycée Français, a total of 195 schools.
All charter schools can have a list of admission priorities, but only the non-governmental funded schools are allowed to select their students and to make a profit. The charter schoo
Adobe Creek (Santa Clara County, California)
Adobe Creek is a 14.2-mile-long northward-flowing stream originating on Black Mountain in Santa Clara County, United States. It courses through the cities of Los Altos Hills, Los Altos, Palo Alto. Adobe Creek was perennial and hosted runs of steelhead trout entering from southwestern San Francisco Bay; the Ohlone people were the original inhabitants of Adobe Creek. A large shell mound which once had a group of Indian huts was found near Adobe Creek in Palo Alto. Evidence of a smaller settlement within Los Altos was uncovered in 1971, when an Ohlone burial ground with skeletons—one with ceremonial beads—was uncovered by new construction along Adobe Creek near O'Keefe Lane; the site had other artifacts, an archeological dig was mounted by Foothill College. Around this same time, an Ohlone basket was discovered buried in the Creek bank further north; the O'Keefe site has a historical plaque marking the historic site. On the 1862 Allardt Map the upper creek is called Arroyo San Antonio and the lower creek is called Arroyo de las Yeguas.
Yeguas is Spanish for "mare", the Mission Santa Clara named it that because they built a corral for mares along the creek's banks near the Bay. Juan Prado Mesa renamed it San Antonio Creek when he was granted Rancho San Antonio in 1839 by Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado; the Adobe Creek name appears as early as 1855 on an official surveyor's map, which lists both the Adobe and San Antonio names for the creek. During the secularization of the missions in the 1830s, Alvarado parceled out much of their land to prominent Californios via land grants. Mesa was a soldier stationed at the Presidio of San Francisco who had become alfarez in 1837, he built a large square adobe, which lasted well into the twentieth century as a crumbling ruin long thought of as a fortification. The site today is on a hill on the southeast side of El Monte Avenue near Summerhill Avenue in Los Altos, most of, located on the territory of the Rancho; the upper creek originates in the historic Rancho La Purisima Concepcion, granted by Governor Alvarado in 1840 to Jose Gorgonio, an Indian living at Mission Santa Clara.
Gorgonio moved to the west bank of Adobe Creek near Fremont Avenue in Los Altos Hills. Much of the town of Los Altos Hills, California was located on this Rancho. In 1844 Rancho La Purisima Concepcion was sold to Juana Briones de Miranda, whose family members had accompanied both the Gaspar de Portolà and the Juan Bautista de Anza Expeditions, her uniquely constructed wood-framed, rammed-earth and adobe brick house, believed to have been built by American desertee sailors, is located at 4155 Old Adobe Road on the border between Palo Alto and Los Altos Hills, is marked by a historical marker at the corner of Old Adobe Road and Old Trace Lane. Designated a California State Historical Landmark in 1954, the 160-year-old Juana Briones home was scheduled for demolition in 2007 because of damage to it by the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989. In 2009, it still stands and has been documented with a Historic American Buildings Survey. After 1831, Mexican rancho owners would logically erect their dwellings on or near creeks.
Locally, Juan Prado's adobe was near Adobe Juanita Briones' adobe was near Barron Creek. Because they were permanent features of the landscape, creeks were used as Rancho boundaries; this was true locally, where the Mexican diseño show Adobe Creek as the boundary between Rancho San Antonio and Rancho La Purisima Concepcion. When Americans took over in 1850, speculators bought much of this land. Much of it became large self-contained ranches—typically running cattle & growing crops like wheat, barley & oats that required little or no irrigation; that changed in a few decades when it was discovered that vineyards could thrive here. Such agriculture of course used more water. Local land was cut progressively into smaller holdings, until most of it was subdivided as the population increased; this meant more and more wells, including large ones dug along Adobe Creek by early water companies to serve the little town of Los Altos. The water table shrank as a result, alarms about this development appeared, at least as early as the 1920s.
In the early 1930s, the Los Altos News reported that the water table, which stood at 120 feet in 1898, was now down to 335 feet. The Trust for Hidden Villa, is a nonprofit educational organization founded by Frank and Josephine Duveneck, who purchased most of the land comprising the upper Adobe Creek watershed in 1924, they opened Hidden Villa as a gathering place for discussion and incubation of social reform. Over the following decades, the Duvenecks established the first Hostel on the Pacific Coast, the first multiracial summer camp, Hidden Villa's Environmental Education Program, all on the creek's upper reaches; the Juan Prado Mesa Preserve in Los Altos Hills between Dawson Drive and Stonebrook Road, Hale Creek and Neary Quarry was created in 1970 and named for the original holder of the land grant. Adobe Creek Lodge, an English country-style mansion, was built by Consolidated Chemicals vice-president Milton Haas in 1935, it was a destination resort in the 1940s. Bandleaders Jimmy Dorsey and Harry James played there.
The founders of Adobe Systems, a software company, lived next to Adobe Creek in Los Altos, named their company after the creek. The founder of Los Altos, Paul Shoup picked a premium lot on Adobe Creek for his home from the ranch lands he helped purchase from Sarah Winchester that became the community of Los Altos; the Paul Shoup House on Adobe Creek is the first property in Los Altos to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Adobe Creek drains about 11
Palo Alto Medical Foundation
The Palo Alto Medical Foundation for Health Care and Education is a not-for-profit health care organization with medical offices in more than 15 cities in the Bay Area. It has more than 900 physicians and had over 2 million patient visits in 2008, it is rated as one of California’s top medical groups. The history of the group dates back to 1930, when Dr. Russel Van Arsdale Lee founded the Palo Alto Medical Clinic. Within a few years, several physicians joined Dr. Lee, including Edward F. Roth, Blake C. Wilbur, Herbert Niebel, Milton Saier and Esther Clark, one of the first female physicians in the country. In 1946 — before health plans were standard business — PAMC agreed to provide medical care to nearby Stanford University students in exchange for a flat fee. In 1950, it became one of the first facilities in the nation to offer radiation therapy for cancer patients in an outpatient setting. In 1981, the for-profit physician group PAMC created the not-for-profit PAMF to control its operations and assets, in 1993, PAMF became an affiliate of Sutter Health, a not-for-profit organization with hospitals and medical groups in Northern California.
In 1999, it was a early adopter of an electronic health record system. In 2008, PAMF’s three medical groups — Camino Medical Group, Palo Alto Medical Clinic, Santa Cruz Medical Clinic — merged to form a single medical group, Palo Alto Foundation Medical Group. In 2017 the Peninsula Medical Clinic of Burlingame, joined PAFMG as the Mills Peninsula Division of the medical group. In addition to its Health Care Division, PAMF consists of an Education Division and Research Institute; the Education Division provides classes, support groups and consultations, manages PAMF’s Community Health Resource Centers located in several Bay Area cities. The Research Institute, located in Palo Alto, has more than 30 staff members conducting clinical studies in four departments: health services, clinical research, health policy research, cardiovascular physiology and biophysics. In 2009, the National Institutes of Health awarded the institute more than $2 million in federal stimulus grants through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
PAMF provides an e-health service that allows patients to view their records and test results from their personal computers, request appointments and prescription renewals online. In 2008, it launched a pilot program to promote online communication between diabetic patients and their health care providers. PAMF is a multi-specialty group practice, it is part of the Sutter Health Bay Area Operating Unit, which includes Mills Peninsula Health Services, Menlo Park Surgical Hospital, Sutter Maternity and Surgical Center of Santa Cruz. PAMF is governed by the Sutter Health Peninsula Coastal Region Board of Directors and a Community Board of Trustees, its physicians are led by the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Group Board of Directors. The group's administration is headed by a Chief Executive Officer, presidents of the five geographical divisions: Santa Cruz, Palo Alto, Camino and Mills Peninsula. In 2009, PAMF was named a top performer by the Integrated Healthcare Association, which ranks California medical groups on clinical quality, patient experience, use of information technology and coordinated diabetes care.
In 2009, its Chief Medical Information Officer, Dr. Paul Tang, was listed on Modern Healthcare’s list of 100 Most Powerful People in Healthcare. PAMF Web Site Sutter Health Web Site