The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
Special routes of U.S. Route 301
A total of at least six special routes of U. S. Route 301 exist and at least eleven have been deleted. U. S. Route 301 Bypass signed as SR 73 Bypass, is a four-lane bypass of US 301, it travels south-to-north in the eastern parts of the city of Statesboro. US 301 Byp. along with US 25 Byp. makes up the Veterans Memorial Parkway, which forms a near circle around the city. The bypass begins in the southwestern part of the city at the intersection with US 25/US 301/SR 73, as well as US 25 Byp./SR 67 Byp. It travels east along the perimeter of Georgia Southern University, it follows the perimeter of the university, turning northeast towards Fair Road, where it breaks off from the university perimeter and turns northward. Here, SR 67 Byp. ends, while US 301 Byp./SR 73 Byp. continues. After turning north, the bypass intersects Northside Drive, SR 24, US 301/SR 73; the Veterans Memorial Parkway was commissioned in 1993. Both US 25 Bypass and US 301 Bypass were completed at the same time as two-lane highways.
Several years US 25 Byp. was widened to become a four-lane divided highway. In March 2007, work began on the widening of US 301 Byp; the bypass was completed in October 2008. US 301 Bypass referred to as "the bypass", has become one of the most congested roads in Statesboro; the widening of the road, supposed to be completed by 2006, was not completed due to a faulty contractor. A new contractor was hired by the Georgia Department of Transportation, work began in March 2007; the bypass has become an attractive place for new businesses, has been crucial in the growth and expansion of the greater Statesboro area. U. S. Route 301 Business was established in 1960 as a renumbering of US 301A through downtown Rocky Mount, via Church Street and on Tarboro Road. U. S. Route 301 Business was established in 1960 as a renumbering of US 301A through downtown Halifax, via King and David Streets. U. S. Route 301 Alternate is an alternate route of US 301 through Petersburg running along South Sycamore Street, it begins at a three way intersection from Crater Road and Walnut Boulevard which veers diagonal to the left as Sycamore Street.
Before reaching downtown Petersburg, US Alt. 301 crosses Interstate 85/US 460 with no access. In the downtown area, it joins northbound US 1, eastbound Business US 460 and SR 36 on a concurrency along Wythe Street while southbound US 301 Alt. uses Washington Street on a one-way pair. Alt. 301 turns left onto Adams Street along with US 1 and ending at Bank/Bollingbrook Streets. U. S. Route 301 Business was established in 1970, it replaced the old mainline US 301 through downtown Bowling Green, via Richmond Turnpike, Main Street, Broaddus Avenue. Truck U. S. Route 98-301 was a truck bypass of the concurrency of U. S. Routes 98 & 301 in Dade City, Florida; the road is unsigned State Road 533. In February 2007, this section was converted into the main branch of the US 98-301 concurrency. Business U. S. Route 98-301 was the main line of the concurrency of U. S. Routes 98 & 301 in Dade City, Florida until February 2007; the road was unsigned State Road 35, State Road 39, State Road 700. SR 39 shields turned up during an FDOT resurfacing project of the former route.
U. S. Route 301 Alternate in Ocala is now County Road 200A, it was former State Road 200A. The first segment begins at US 301 in Ocala north of a railroad bridge. Upon reaching Northeast Eighth Road, former US ALT 301 becomes Jacksonville Road, a street name it carries until it terminates with US 301 in Citra. U. S. Route 301 Business, the one segment of SR 73 that's not concurrent with US 301, was a business route of US 301, it began at the US 301/SR 21/SR 73 Loop bypass around western Sylvania. The highway, named West Ogeechee Street curved northeast in front of a former segment of the road which leads to a former segment of SR 21 passes\d the northbound frontage road for the Sylvania Bypass, it traveled straight northeast and southwest along random commercial development until it curved to the east and encountered the intersection of SR 21 Bus. with turning ramps at both the northwest and northeast corners. The SR 21 Bus./SR 73 concurrency begins and the two highways travel to the east for just over 2,000 feet, part of which uses a bridge over a railroad line.
The road divided before approaching Main Street and City Hall, where SR 21 Bus. turns south on South Main Street, while SR 73 turns north on North Main Street. Main Street itself is divided by a town green from Telephone Avenue to halfway between Ogeechee Street and W. T. Sharpe Drive, while East Ogeechee Street becomes an unmarked city street. After the intersection with W. T. Sharpe Drive, SR 73 branches off to the northeast, while Singleton Avenue branches off to the northwest. North Main Street becomes much more rural north of here, is sparsely lined with large suburban houses, although one local lawn mower dealership can be found on the southwest corner of SR 73 and Habersham Road across from Torrington Road. Two more local intersections are passed before the route encounters the frontage the Sylvania Bypass once again, SR 73 rejoins US 301 on its way to South Carolina, while SR 73 Loop ends; when SR 73 Loop was established in 1970, US 301 was routed onto it. US 301's former path through the city was redesignated as US 301 Bus.
In 2017, it was decommissioned. U. S. Route 301 Alternate was established around 1954, it replaced the old mainline US 301 through downtown Lumberton, via Second Street and Pine Street. In 1960 it was renumbered to US 301 Business. U. S. Route 301 Business was established in 1960 as a renumbering of US 301A through downtown Lumberton, via Second Street and Pine
Taxodium distichum is a deciduous conifer in the family Cupressaceae. It is native to the southeastern United States. Hardy and tough, this tree adapts to swampy, it is noted for the russet-red fall color of its lacy needles. This plant has some cultivated varieties and is used in groupings in public spaces. Common names include bald cypress, swamp cypress, white cypress, tidewater red cypress, gulf cypress and red cypress. Taxodium distichum is a large, slow-growing, long-lived tree, it grows to heights of 35–120 feet and has a trunk diameter of 3–6 feet. The main trunk is surrounded by cypress knees; the bark is grayish brown to reddish brown and fibrous with a stringy texture. The needle-like leaves are 1⁄2 to 3⁄4 inch long and are simple, alternate and linear, with entire margins. In autumn, the leaves turn yellow or copper red; the bald cypress drops its needles each winter and grows a new set in spring. This species is monoecious, with male and female flowers on a single plant forming on slender, tassel-like structures near the edge of branchlets.
The tree flowers in April and the seeds ripen in October. The male and female strobili are produced from buds formed in late autumn, with pollination in early winter, mature in about 12 months. Male cones emerge on panicles. Female cones are round and green while young, they turn hard and brown as the tree matures. They are 2.0 -- 3.5 cm in diameter. They have from 20 to 30 spirally arranged, four-sided scales, each bearing one, two, or three triangular seeds; each cone contains 20 to 40 large seeds. The cones disintegrate at maturity to release the seeds; the seeds are 5–10 mm long, the largest of any species of Cupressaceae, are produced every year, with heavy crops every 3–5 years. The seedlings have three to nine, but six, cotyledons each; the bald cypress grows in full sunlight to partial shade. This species can tolerate dry soil, it is moderately able to grow in aerosols of salt water. The cones are consumed by wildlife; this tree is suitable for cultivation in light and heavy soils. It does well in acid and alkaline soils and can grow in alkaline and saline soils.
It can grow in no shade. It can grow in water, it can tolerate atmospheric pollution. The tallest known specimen, near Williamsburg, Virginia, is 44.11 m tall, the stoutest known, in the Real County near Leaky, has a diameter at breast height of 475 in. The oldest known living specimen, in Bladen County, North Carolina, is over 1,620 years old, rendering it one of the oldest living plants in North America. Although there are specimens estimated to be nearly 2,000 years old at Sky Lake in Humphreys County, Mississippi determining their age is difficult because older trees become hollow; the related Taxodium ascendens is treated by some botanists as a distinct species, while others classify it as a variety of bald cypress, as Taxodium distichum var. imbricatum Croom. It differs in shorter leaves borne on erect shoots, in ecology, being confined to low-nutrient blackwater habitats. A few authors treat Taxodium mucronatum as a variety of bald cypress, as T. distichum var. mexicanum Gordon, thereby considering the genus as comprising only one species.
The native range extends from southeastern New Jersey south to Florida and west to East Texas and southeastern Oklahoma, inland up the Mississippi River. Ancient bald cypress forests, with some trees more than 1,700 years old, once dominated swamps in the Southeast; the range had been believed to extended north only as far as Delaware, but researchers have now found a natural forest on the Cape May Peninsula in southern New Jersey. The species can be found growing outside its natural native range; the largest remaining old-growth stands are at Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary, near Naples, in the Three Sisters tract along eastern North Carolina's Black River. The Corkscrew trees are around 500 years of age, some exceed 40 m in height; the Black River trees were cored by dendrochronologist David Stahle from the University of Arkansas. He found that some began growing as early as 364 AD; this species is native to humid climates where annual precipitation ranges from about 760 mm or 30 inches in Texas to 1,630 mm or 64 inches along the Gulf Coast.
Although it grows best in warm climates, the natural northern limit of the species is not due to a lack of cold tolerance, but to specific reproductive requirements: further north, regeneration is prevented by ice damage to seedlings. Larger trees are able to tolerate lower humidity. In 2012 scuba divers discovered an underwater cypress forest several miles off the coast of Mobile, Alabama, in 60 feet of water; the forest contains trees that could not be dated with radiocarbon methods, indicating that they are more than 50,000 years old and thus most lived in the early glacial interval of the last ice age. The cypress forest is well preserved, when samples are cut they still smell like fresh cypress. A team, which has not yet published its results in a peer-reviewed journal, is studying the site. One possibility is that hurricane Katrina exposed the grove of bald cypress, protected under ocean floor sediments; the bald cypress is monoecious. Male and female strobili mature in one growing season from buds formed t
Interstate 16 known as Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway, is an east–west Interstate Highway located within the U. S. state of Georgia. It carries the hidden designation of State Route 404 for its entire length. I-16 travels from downtown Macon, at an interchange with I-75 and SR 540 to downtown Savannah at Montgomery Street, it connects Macon and Savannah, via Dublin and Pooler. I-16's unsigned designation of SR 404 has a spur, signed in Savannah; the western-most segment in Macon, from I-75 and US 80/SR 87, is part of the Fall Line Freeway, a highway that connects Columbus and Augusta. This segment may be incorporated into the proposed eastern extension of I-14, entirely within Central Texas and may be extended to Augusta. I-16 begins at an interchange with I-75/SR 540, just northwest of downtown Macon, in Bibb County. Here, it begins a concurrency with SR 540; the Interstate and SR 540 proceed southeast. They cross over the Ocmulgee River and have an interchange with US 23/US 129/SR 49, they have a partial interchange with SR 22, only accessible from the westbound lanes.
Is an interchange with US 80/SR 87. At this intersection, SR 540 departs the concurrency to the north-northeast. Within the eastern part of this interchange, the highway travels under a railroad bridge that carries railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway. In the east-central part of Macon, I-16 travels through Ocmulgee National Monument but without direct access. Visitors need to first exit at the US 80/SR 87 exit. On the southern edge of the national monument, it crosses over Walnut Creek, it travels on a bridge over some railroad tracks of CSX and Boggy Branch. After leaving Macon, I-16 curves to the south-southeast and has an interchange with US 23/US 129 Alt./SR 87. In the interchange, the highway crosses over Swift Creek, it crosses over Stone Creek before entering Twiggs County. I-16 has an interchange with Sgoda Road, it crosses over Flat Creek and has an interchange with Jeffersonville and Bullard roads. It crosses over Savage and Turvin creeks, it curves back to the southeast. The highway has an interchange with SR 96.
It crosses over Richland Creek. It has an interchange with SR 358. I-16 curves to the east-southeast and enters Bleckley County just before it has an interchange with SR 112 just south of Allentown, it crosses over Rocky Creek just before entering Laurens County. The interstate curves back to the southeast and crosses under SR 278 before it travels south of Montrose, it crosses over Bay Branch just before an interchange with SR 26. It enters the southwestern part of Dudley. There, it has an interchange with SR 338. I-16 crosses over Little Rocky Creek just before a rest area. Just to the west-northwest of a crossing of Turkey Creek, the westbound lanes have a rest area. On the southwestern edge of Dublin, the highway has an interchange with SR 257. On the southern edge of the city are interchanges with US 319/US 441/SR 31. and SR 19. It crosses over the Oconee River, it has an interchange with SR 199 just before a crossing of Pughes Creek. Southeast of, a crossing of Red Hill Creek. Just south of Rockledge, the highway crosses over Mercer Creek.
On the eastern edge of the Creek, it enters Treutlen County. I-16 curves to the east-northeast and crosses over some railroad tracks of CSX before an interchange with SR 29, it curves back to the east-southeast. It crosses over Red Bluff Creek. Is an interchange with SR 15/SR 78; the highway travels south of Sand Hill Lake before curving to the east-northeast. It crosses over Pendleton Creek and travels under a bridge that carries SR 86, it begins to curve to the southeast. It has an interchange with US 221/SR 56, it crosses over curves to the east-southeast. It has an interchange with SR 297. At the overpass for SR 297, the highway enters Emanuel County. After the SR 297 interchange, I-16 heads more to the southeast, it crosses over the Ohoopee River. Just after crossing over some railroad tracks of Norfolk Southern Railway, it enters the city limits of Oak Park, it curves to the southeast and has an interchange with US 1/SR 4/SR 46. After this interchange, the highway begins to parallel SR 46, it crosses over Jacks Creek.
It enters Candler County. I-16 has an interchange with SR 57, it crosses over Wolfe Creek and heads to the east-northeast. It curves to a nearly due east direction, it crosses over Sams Creek before entering Metter. As soon as it enters Metter, it passes the Metter Municipal Airport. Right after the airport is an interchange with SR 23/SR 121. On the southeastern edge of Metter, I-16 travels under a bridge that carries SR 129, it crosses over 15 Mile Creek and curves to the southeast. It crosses over Tenmile Creek and has an interchange with Pulaski–Excelsior Road just before entering Bulloch County; the Interstate curves to the east-southeast and has an interchange with US 25/US 301/SR 73. It crosses over Lotts and Little Lotts creeks, it travels northeast of Nevils. It curves to the east-southeast, where it has an interchange with SR 67, curves back to the southeast, it crosses over DeLoach Branch and curves to the east-southeast. It crosses over Luke Branch and Boggy Branch before curving to a nearly due east direction.
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c