click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bumin Qaghan

Bumin Qaghan, Bumın Kagan or Illig Qaghan was the founder of the Turkic Khaganate. He was the eldest son of Ashina Tuwu, he was the chieftain of the Turks under the sovereignty of Rouran Khaganate. He is mentioned as "Tumen" of the Rouran Khaganate. According to History of Northern Dynasties and Zizhi Tongjian, in 545 Tumen's tribe started to rise and invaded the western frontier of Wei; the chancellor of Western Wei, Yuwen Tai, sent An Nuopanto as an emissary to the Göktürk chieftain Tumen, in an attempt to establish a commercial relationship. In 546, Tumen paid tribute to the Western Wei state. In that same year, Tumen put down a revolt of the Tiele tribes against the Rouran Khaganate, their overlords. Following this, Tumen felt entitled to request of the Rouran a princess as his wife; the Rouran khagan, sent a message refusing this request and adding: "You are my blacksmith slave. How dare you utter these words?" Bumin got angry, killed Anagui's emissary, severed relations with the Rouran Khaganate.

Anagui's "blacksmith" insult was recorded in Chinese chronicles. Some sources state that members of the Tujue did serve blacksmiths for the Rouran elite, that "blacksmith slavery" may refer to a kind of vassalage that prevailed in Rouran society. After this incident Bumin emerged as the leader of the revolt against Rouran. In 551, Bumin requested a Western Wei princess in marriage. Yuwen Tai sent Princess Changle of Western Wei to Bumin. In the same year when Emperor Wen of Western Wei died, Bumin sent mission and gave two hundred horses; the beginning of formal diplomatic relations with China propped up Bumin's authority among the Turks. He united the local Turkic tribes and threw off the yoke of the Rouran domination. In 552 Bumin's army defeated Anagui's forces at the north of Huaihuang and Anagui committed suicide. With their defeat Bumin made his wife qaghatun. "Illig" means "owning a state" in Old Turkic. According to the Bilge Qaghan's memorial complex and the Kul Tigin's memorial complex and Istemi ruled people by Turkic laws and they developed them.

Bumin died within several months after proclaiming himself Illig Qaghan. He was married to Princess Changle of Western Wei. Issue: Ashina Keluo - Issig Qaghan Ashina Qijin - Muqan Qaghan Taspar Qaghan Ashina Kutou - Ditou Qaghan Mahan Tigin - Lesser khagan appointed by Taspar Qaghan Rudan Qaghan Böri Qaghan - Lesser khagan of appointed by Taspar Qaghan He was succeeded by his younger brother Istemi in the western part and by his son Issik Qaghan in the eastern part. In less than one century, his khaganate expanded to comprise most of Central Asia

Les Jones (footballer, born 1930)

Leslie Clifford Jones was a Welsh footballer who played as a full back for Luton Town and Aston Villa in the 1950s. Jones' first game was at Kenilworth Road on 28 April 1951, the penultimate game of the 1950–51 season, he made three more appearances the following season but established himself in the team during the 1952–53 season, which included playing in every FA Cup game before being knocked out by Bolton Wanderers who would finish runners-up. In January the same season he scored the only goal of his career in a 2–0 home win over Fulham, his last appearance for the Hatters was in December 1957 at Portsmouth. Jones made his Aston Villa debut, after moving from Luton Town in January, on 1 February 1958, he only made four more appearances for Villa. Jones moved to Worcester City in July 1959. Les Jones at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database

Maitland Steinkopf

Maitland Bernard Steinkopf was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1962 to 1964, again from 1964 to 1966. Steinkopf was a cabinet minister in the government of Dufferin Roblin, the first Jewish cabinet minister in Manitoba. Born at Winnipeg on 10 September 1912, son of Max Steinkopf and Hedwig Meyer, he graduated in law from the University of Manitoba in 1936; as a student he had organized the athletic board of control and was vice-president of the students’ union. Steinkopf was called to the Manitoba Bar in December 1936, he succeeded his father as honorary consul for Czechoslovakia in 1937. He served in the Canadian Forces in World War II, as a Private in the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders and a Lieutenant Colonel with the R. C. O. C, he served as chairman of a special committee of the Manitoba Legislative Assembly on consumer credit in 1966. He was Chancellor of Brandon University from 1967 to 1970, he was chairman of the Manitoba Centennial Corporation from 1963 until his death of a heart attack on 22 November 1970.

He founded the Canada West Shoe Manufacturing Company, was a president of several companies including Bonded Investments Ltd. L. H. Packard Co. Ltd. Dayton Shoe Mfg. Col. Ltd. and the Tel Aviv Hilton Hotel. Steinkopf was a member of the Canada Israel Development Corporation, served as chairman of State of Israel bonds in Manitoba, he was an honorary counsel with the government of Czechoslovakia until 1948. Prior to his election, he assisted the Roblin government in land-development for cultural projects. Steinkopf was elected to the Manitoba legislature in the 1962 provincial election, defeating Liberal Roy Matas by over 1,000 votes in the upscale Winnipeg riding of River Heights, he was appointed to cabinet on June 12, 1963 as Provincial Secretary and Minister of Public Utilities. In 1964, Steinkopf was implicated in controversial a land assembly payment. Although Premier Roblin referred to the matter as an innocent technical breach, it was considered serious enough for Steinkopf to resign his position and his seat in the legislature.

He was re-elected in a by-election on September 30, was re-appointed to cabinet on October 8. During the flag debates of the 1960s, Steinkopf favoured a design competition for a new provincial flag. Steinkopf did not run for re-election in 1966, he served as chairman of the Manitoba Centennial Centre Corporation from 1963 until his death of a heart attack on 22 November 1970. The Manitoba Centennial Centre Corporation established the Maitland Steinkopf Youth Fund in 1972 for students in the arts. In 1947, he married Helen Katz of Chicago and they had six children, he received a Manitoba Centennial Medal from the Manitoba Historical Society, was inducted into the Manitoba Order of the Buffalo Hunt and the Order of Canada. Politics of Canada

Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland

This is a list of people who have served as Lord-Lieutenant of Westmorland. The office was replaced by the Lord Lieutenant of Cumbria. From 1751 to 1974, all Lord Lieutenants were Custos Rotulorum of Westmorland. Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberland 1553–1559 Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon 20 August 1586 – 14 December 1595 vacant? George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland 1603–1605 vacant? Francis Clifford, 4th Earl of Cumberland 27 October 1607 – 4 January 1641 jointly with George Home, 1st Earl of Dunbar 27 October 1607 – 20 January 1611 and Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk 27 October 1607 – 31 August 1639 and Henry Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford 27 October 1607 – 1642 and Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland 13 November 1626 – 31 August 1639 and Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel 23 July 1632 – 31 August 1639 and Henry Howard, Lord Maltravers 23 July 1632 – 31 August 1639 Interregnum Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle 1 October 1660 – 24 February 1685 Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet 3 March 1685 – 1687 Richard Graham, 1st Viscount Preston 29 August 1687 – 1688 Sir John Lowther, 2nd Baronet 8 April 1689 – 1694 Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle 28 June 1694 – 1 May 1738 Henry Lowther, 3rd Viscount Lonsdale 1 June 1738 – 7 March 1751 vacant Sir William Lowther, 3rd Baronet 6 February 1753 – 15 April 1756 Sir John Pennington, 3rd Baronet 29 April 1756 – 1758 James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale 13 December 1759 – 24 May 1802 William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale 26 June 1802 – 19 March 1844 William Lowther, 2nd Earl of Lonsdale 3 May 1844 – 1868 Henry Lowther, 3rd Earl of Lonsdale 14 December 1868 – 15 August 1876 Sir Richard Musgrave, 11th Baronet 3 October 1876 – 13 February 1881 Henry Tufton, 1st Baron Hothfield 15 March 1881 – 29 October 1926 Lord Henry Cavendish-Bentinck 8 December 1926 – 6 October 1931 Stanley Hughes le Fleming 7 December 1931 – 1939 Anthony Lowther, Viscount Lowther 1 December 1939 – 1945 James Winstanley Cropper 26 April 1945 – 10 November 1956 Henry Hornyold-Strickland 6 May 1957 – 1965 Lieutenant-Commander Paul Norman Wilson 12 November 1965 – 31 March 1974 J.

C. Sainty. "Lieutenancies of Counties, 1585–1642". Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. J. C. Sainty. List of Lieutenants of Counties of England and Wales 1660-1974. London: Swift Printers Ltd. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages

Apshawa Preserve

The Apshawa Preserve is a 576-acre nature preserve in the highlands of northern New Jersey, United States. Located off Northwood Drive in West Milford, the preserve is managed by the New Jersey Conservation Foundation and by Passaic County; the preserve is wooded with oak and maple. The Apshawa is a tributary of the Pequannock River; the reservoir once served to provide water to Butler. Apshawa Preserve includes a network of a 43-acre reservoir. Since 2010 part of the preserve is protected by a gated deer fence to protect native plants that otherwise would be decimated by a high density deer population. In September 2014, 22-year-old student Darsh Patel was mauled by a 300-pound black bear in the preserve and died, he was the first known person in New Jersey history to be killed by a black bear. The Apshawa Preserve is open year round from dawn to dusk for recreation, can be accessed from 4 Macopin Road, West Milford. Onsite parking is provided in a gravel parking lot, located off Northwood Drive, where hikers will find a kiosk with trail maps as well as trailheads.

Apshawa Preserve cannot yet be accessed via public transportation. There are about five miles of marked trails including three loop trails. There are five other connector trails; the red loop trail goes all the way around the Butler Reservoir and is accessible by the 1 mile blue trail from the parking lot. Apshawa Preserve Trail map

All India DanceSport Federation

The All India DanceSport Federation is the national sports federation for dancesport in India. The AIDSF was founded in 2003, it is a full member of the World DanceSport Federation, has been affiliated to the body since 20 June 2007. However, the AIDSF is not recognized by the Indian Olympic Association; the AIDSF is composed of several State Associations, which are in turn composed of numerous District Associations. Each District Association is made up of registered dance clubs based within that district. Dancers in India can register any of these dance clubs; the AIDSF is administered by the President, the senior Vice President, two Vice-Presidents, the Secretary General, two Joint Secretaries, the Treasurer, six Executive Committee Members. There are five levels of dancesport competition sanctioned by the AIDSF. Club Level competitions are conducted by individual clubs and participants include only members of that club. State level competitions are conducted by State Associations and participants include any dancers registered with a club, registered to District Association within the State Association.

In All India Invitational competitions, a State Association invites dancers from any State Association in the country to compete. There is no contestant limit in these competitions, as such, any number of participants can be invited. National Level competitions are the highest level domestic dancesport competition; these events are organized annually by the AIDSF, are hosted by a different State Association every year. Each State Association may send a maximum of two dancers to represent their state at the tournament; these dancers are selected by State Associations based on the results of State Level competitions conducted by each individual State Association. These State Level competitions are held around month prior to the National Level tournament; the AIDSF organizes selections rounds to pick dancers to represent India at Asian and World Dancesport Championships