Australian National Airways
Australian National Airways was Australia's predominant carrier from the mid-1930s to the early 1950s. On 19 March 1932 Flinders Island Airways began a regular aerial service using the Desoutter Mk. II VH-UEE Miss Launceston between Launceston and Flinders Island in Bass Strait, which competed with shipping services offered by William Holyman and Sons Ltd. Due to monopoly arrangements with other Australian shipowners, Holymans was only allowed to carry passengers on internal Tasmanian routes, resented the intrusion. Brothers Captain Victor Holyman and Ivan Holyman purchased a de Havilland D. H.83 Fox Moth VH-UQM Miss Currie which entered service on the same route on 1 October 1932, soon amalgamated with Flinders Island Airways to form Tasmanian Aerial Services Pty Ltd. They purchased a de Havilland D. H.84 Dragon VH-URD Miss Launceston that began a regular service between Melbourne, Flinders Island and Launceston in September 1933. Following the Australian Government's announcement of the Empire Air Mail Scheme late in 1933, Holymans entered into a partnership with the two main shipping companies servicing Tasmania, Huddart Parker and the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand, to form an equal-share partnership in a new Holyman's Airways Pty Ltd headed by Ivan Holyman.
The new company, with a capital of £90,000, was registered in July 1934, ordered two de Havilland D. H.86 Express airliners. The first of these, VH-URN Miss Hobart, began operating across Bass Strait on 28 September 1934, but went missing just three weeks on 18 October, was believed to have crashed off Wilsons Promontory. Captain Victor Holyman's was one of the twelve lives lost. Undaunted, Holyman's Airways purchased a second-hand D. H.84 and ordered two more D. H.86s, soon began to expand operations throughout south-eastern Australia. A route from Melbourne to Sydney via Canberra was established in 1935 using D. H.86 VH-UUB Loila. On the day of a first proving flight between the capitals, 2 October, another D. H.86, VH-URT Loina, crashed into Bass Strait off Flinders Island killing all five on board. The Melbourne-Sydney flights, the first regular daily airmail service between the two centres, got underway on 7 October. After a non-fatal accident in Bass Strait to the D. H.86 VH-USW Lepena on 13 December 1935, Ivan Holyman used his influence with the Australian Government to have an official ban on the importation of US-built commercial aircraft to be lifted, Holyman's Airways ordered an example of the introduced Douglas DC-2.
It entered service as VH-USY Bungana on 18 May 1936. Early in 1936 Ivan Holyman approached the Adelaide Steamship Company, owners of Adelaide Airways, with a view to an amalgamation aiming to become Australia's most powerful airline. Adelaide Airways had taken over West Australian Airways and the new combine would thus control airline traffic between Perth, Adelaide and Sydney. With funding from the Orient Steam Navigation Company a new Australian National Airways was registered on 13 May 1936, began services under its new name on 1 July 1936, it acquired a second DC-2 VH-UXJ Loongana that began a twice-weekly service between Melbourne and Perth on 21 December 1936. Meanwhile, efforts to expand operation northwards to Queensland were being thwarted by Airlines of Australia, its main competitor. Established in 1931 as New England Airways by G. A. Robinson and Keith Virtue of Lismore, it operated services in northern New South Wales and between Sydney and Brisbane, expanding further into Queensland by taking over a number of struggling regional airlines during the mid-1930s.
It was restructured as AoA in 1934 with funding by an investment group the British Pacific Trust. In 1936 it introduced Stinson Model A airliners in a regular service between Sydney and Brisbane, acquired Douglas DC-2s and Douglas DC-3s. After several months of fruitless negotiations with its financiers, ANA managed to gain a controlling interest in AoA in April 1937, although the two airlines retained separate public identities until 1942. Between them the two airlines operated four DC-2s and four DC-3s by the time of the outbreak of World War II, as well as several other aircraft including two Model As, two D. H.84s, two D. H.86s and nine de Havilland D. H.89 Rapides. When Australia entered World War II in 1939 the Government of Australia requisitioned ANA's four DC-3s, leaving it to battle on with its assortment of lesser aircraft. However, ANA was soon operating a network of services around Australia on behalf of the war effort, it operated a large number of Douglas DC-2s, DC-3s and at least one rare Douglas DC-5 on the behalf of the American forces in Australia.
During the 1940s ANA was plagued by a series of accidents and disasters that resulted in considerable adverse publicity. The most serious of these were: 25 October 1938, DC-2 VH-UYC Kyeema overflew Essendon Airport and crashed into Mount Dandenong. All four crew and fourteen passengers were killed. 8 February 1940, DC-2 VH-USY crash-landed near Dimboola after engine fire. No loss of life and aircraft repaired. 29 May 1942, DH-89 VH-UXZ Marika crashed off Flinders Island Bass Strait after running out of fuel, all four on board drowned. 3 December 1943, DC-2 VH-ADQ crash landed near Bendigo after the pilot lost his way on a flight from Sydney to Melbourne — the first officer was killed but the aircraft was repaired. 31 January 1945, Stinson Model A VH-UYY Tokana broke up in mid-air due to metal fatigue of a wing joint and crashed near Redesdale, killing all ten on board. See 1945 Australian National Airways Stinson crash 10 March 1946. In the Seven-Mile Beach crash, DC-3 VH-AET plunged into the sea shortly after taking off from Cambridge Aerodrome, killing all 25 on board.
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North Queensland or the Northern Region is the northern part of the Australian state of Queensland that lies just south of Far North Queensland. Queensland is a massive state, larger than many countries, the tropical northern part of it has been remote and undeveloped, resulting in a distinctive regional character and identity. Townsville is the largest urban centre in North Queensland, leading it to be regarded as an unofficial capital; the region has a population of 231,628 and covers 80,041.5 km2. There is no official boundary. Unofficially it is considered to have a southern border beginning south of the Mackay Region southern boundary, but it has been as far south as Rockhampton. To the north is the Far North Queensland region, centred on Cairns and out west is the Gulf Country. A coastal region centred on its largest settlement is the city of Townsville; the city is the location of a major seaport handling exports from mines in Mount Isa and cattle exports from coastal and inland areas. The region contains a bulk sugar exporting terminal at Lucinda in the region's north.
Mackay and the Burdekin region are Australia's sugar capital and produces the most sugar in Australia and is shipped at Mackay Harbour. Mackay is one of Australia's biggest coal exporters as it is close to Queensland's major mines. Dalrymple Bay, south of Mackay is another port where sugar is exported, it contains the inland city of Charters Towers and the coastal towns of Ayr and Ingham. The Burdekin is centred on the two towns of Ayr and Home Hill and while producing the largest amount of sugar produces seasonal fruit such as Lychees and Mangos in Summer/wet season. Other communities in North Queensland include Home Hill, Bowen and Proserpine. Abbot Point, north of Bowen, is coal exporting port undergoing significant expansion; the region has a number of significant tourist attractions including the Great Barrier Reef and reef islands, rainforests in the Wet Tropics of Queensland, Magnetic Island, the Whitsunday Islands. The region has 36 national parks. Captain James Cook passed by the region in 1770, naming several places including Magnetic Island and Cape Cleveland.
Alan Cunningham was the first European to explore parts of the region. John Mackay explored the Pioneer Valley near Mackay in 1860; the first settlement in the region was established at Port Denison in 1861, at what is now known as Bowen. In 1865, the first surveys of what was to become Townsville were conducted. In 1871, gold was discovered at Charters Towers; this led to much development for the town and for Townsville which served as a major port and service centre as both the pastoral and sugar industry spread along the coast. Work on the Great Northern Railway from Townsville to Mount Isa began in 1879 with a small section opening the following year. In July 1942, Japanese naval flying boats conducted air raids on Townsville; the Perc Tucker Regional Gallery was established at Townsville in 1981 and the TYTO Regional Art Gallery at Ingham opened in 2011. The region is serviced by Townsville Airport, ranked as the 11th busiest airport in Australia; the airport was granted international status in 1980.
Along the coast, the Bruce Highway passes from the south through to the north of the region. The Flinders Highway links Townsville with Charters Towers and the Peak Downs Highway extends west from Mackay. Throughout the years, there have been many calls for the formation of a new state. Many proposals have been drawn up, regarding the borders and the debate over which town will become the capital. List of schools in North Queensland
Aloomba is a town and a locality in the Cairns Region, Australia. In the 2016 census, Aloomba had a population of 529 people. Aloomba is a long thin locality hemmed in west by mountain ranges, it is bounded to the north by the Mulgrave River which passes through the west of the locality. The Bruce Highway passes through the west of the locality but not through the town, about 2 kilometres east of the highway but about 4 kilometres away by road; the North Coast railway line enters the locality from the south to the west of the highway but veers to the east in order to pass through the town, after which the railway veers back towards the highway but does not rejoin it within the locality. The mountainous western part of the locality is within the Malbon Thompson Forest Reserve; the remainder is flat freehold land used predominantly for farming growing sugarcane. There is a network of cane tramways to deliver the harvested sugarcane to the Mulgrave Sugar Mill in Gordonvale; the town name is a corruption of the Yidinji word "Ngalumba".
Aloomba Provisional School opened on 15 May 1899, becoming Aloomba State School on 1 January 1909. Aloomba State School is a co-educational government primary school in Nielsen Street. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 88 students with 8 non-teaching staff. Bunny Adair, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Cook attended Aloomba State School Aloomba State School "Aloomba". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2008-02-10
A miner is a person who extracts ore, coal, or other mineral from the earth through mining. There are two senses. In its narrowest sense, a miner is someone. In a broader sense, a "miner" is anyone working within a mine, not just a worker at the rock face. Mining is one of the most dangerous trades in the world. In some countries, miners lack social guarantees and in case of injury may be left to cope without assistance. In regions with a long mining tradition, many communities have developed cultural traditions and aspects specific to the various regions, in the forms of particular equipment, symbolism and the like. Different functions of the individual miner. Many of the roles are specific to a type such as coal mining. Roles considered to be "miners" in the narrower sense have included: Hewer, whose job was to hew the rock. Collier, a hewer who hews coal with a pick. Driller, who works a rock drill to bore holes for placing other explosives. Other roles within mines that did not involve breaking rock have included: Loader, who loads the mining carts with coal at the face.
Putter, who works the carts around the mine. Barrow-man, who transported the broken coal from the face in wheelbarrows. Hurrier, who transported coal carts from a mine to the surface. Timbers, who fashions and installs timber supports to support the walls and ceiling in an underground mine. In addition to miners working underground, a mine employs other workers in duties at the surface. In addition to the office staff of various sorts, these may include: Brakesman, who operate the winding engine. Breaker boy who breaks coal. Emergency Structure Engineer, who makes sure that cave-ins are dealt with when called Mining engineers use the principles of math and science to develop economical solutions to technical problems for miners. In most cases, a bachelor's degree in engineering, mining engineering or geological engineering is required; because technology is changing and mining engineers need to continue their education. The basics of mining engineering includes finding and preparing minerals and coal.
These mined products are used for electric power manufacturing industries. Mining engineers supervise the construction of underground mine operations and create ways to transport the extracted minerals to processing plants. In cryptocurrency a miner is a group of computers ` searching' for cryptocurrency, they verify transactions and as an incentive they get rewarded with cryptocurrency. Underground mining Miner's apron Miner's cap Miner's habit Mining helmet Mooskappe, miner's cap worn in the Harz Salt mining
Wolfram was a mining town in Queensland, Australia. It was 15 kilometres south of Thornborough, it was known as Wolfram Camp. It is at an altitude of 538 metres, it is within the locality of Dimbulah in the Shire of Mareeba. The mineral wolfram was discovered in the area in 1891 and attracted miners from neighbouring mining regions such as Thornborough and the Palmer River, forming a settlement known as Wolfram Camp. Today there are few visible remains of the settlement. There are some concrete foundations of long-gone buildings, headstones in the cemetery, a row of mango trees that mark where the school used to be. Wolfram has a number of sites listed on the Queensland Heritage Register including: Main Street: La Société Française des Métaux Rares treatment plant Wolfram Road: Thermo Electric Ore Reduction Corporation Mill Bunny Adair, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Cook was born in Wolfram "Wolfram". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland
1969 Queensland state election
Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 17 May 1969 to elect the 78 members of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Country-Liberal Coalition won its fifth consecutive victory since it won government in 1957, it was the Coalition's first victory under new leader Joh Bjelke-Petersen after the brief premierships of Gordon Chalk and Jack Pizzey, who in turn had succeeded Frank Nicklin when he had retired the previous year. The election campaign was characterised by tension between the governing coalition partners; the election resulted in another win for the Coalition, but a strengthening of the Country Party's position vis-a-vis the Liberal Party. Labor gained back two seats held by ex-Labor ministers who had defected in the 1957 split when both retired, gained one seat off each of the coalition partners. Labor retained Isis, which it had gained unexpectedly at a November 1968 by-election from the Country Party following Premier Jack Pizzey's death. Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1966–1969 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1969–1972 Candidates of the Queensland state election, 1969 Bjelke-Petersen Ministry
The Bloomfield River is a river located in the Wet Tropics of Far North Queensland, noted for its Bloomfield River cod fish species, found only in the river. The river rises in the Great Dividing Range below southeast of Wujal Wujal; the river flows east by north before reaching its mouth and emptying into Weary Bay in the Coral Sea near the settlement of Ayton, north of Daintree. The river enters the Coral Sea north of Cape Tribulation; the river estuary is in near pristine conditions. In 2014 the Australian and Queensland governments completed a A$21 million bridge across the river, called the Bobby and Jacky Ball Bloomfield River Bridge; the bridge was named after brother Bobby and Jacky Ball. The land where the bridge was constructed and south to Degarra is their traditional country; the Ball brothers are the eldest remaining sons of their family. During the construction of the bridge, they would visit the site daily, they walk from the Wujal Wujal Shire to Degarra each day to visit a river fishing spot.
The river was named Blomfield's Rivulet by Phillip Parker King on 26 June 1818. It is prohibited to catch the Bloomfield river cod in Queensland; the controversial Bloomfield Track which connects Cape Tribulation with Cooktown crosses the Bloomfield River. This crossing was closed in February 2011 by the Cairns Regional Council after flooding destroyed the causeway. A passenger-only ferry service was in place until a four-wheel drive only temporary crossing opened in May 2011. Construction of an all weather bridge began in October 2013 and was completed April 2014. A bridge over Woobada creek was completed late 2014. Douglas Shire Council maintains the Bloomfield Track. List of rivers of Queensland Media related to Bloomfield River at Wikimedia Commons "Bloomfield River environmental values and water quality objectives: Basin No. 108, including all tributaries of the river". Environmental Protection Policy 2009. Department of Environment and Resource Management, Queensland Government. July 2010