For the locality in New South Wales, see Nyora, New South Wales. For the cargo ship, see MV Nyora, Nyora /naɪˈjɔːrə/ is a town in south Gippsland, Australia. At the 2006 census, Nyora had a population of 545, Nyora is 12 kilometres from Lang Lang, and 11 kilometres from the nearest beach. The Post Office opened around September 1890 replacing an office at nearby Lang Lang East open since 1885, the towns railway station and general store were included in the popular ABC TV program Something in the Air. The township featured in the TV series was known as Emu Springs, golfers play at the course of the Lang Lang Golf Club on the South Gippsland Highway, Nyora. Nyora is home to the Nyora Football club—nicknamed the Saints and wear red/white/black uniforms, the club was formed in 1877 and has won 11 senior premierships in this time, the first coming in 1911. The club has had a successful period of late winning premierships in both 2006 and 2007 in the Ellinbank & District Football league. So successful was Nyora during this period the town was referred to as premiership city.
The railway station serves as part of the South Gippsland Railway — a community based heritage / tourist railway organisation. Nyora was formerly situated along the South Gippsland railway corridor that operated to its terminus at Yarram in the early 1980s, a V/Line road coach service replaced the rail service to Leongatha on July 24,1993, running between Melbourne and Yarram
Moorabbin is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia,15 km south-east of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston, at the 2011 Census, Moorabbin had a population of 5,283. Most of the side of Moorabbin has been an industrial area since the first development in the mid-1960s. Major industries with a presence in the area include Philip Morris, Moorabbin is well known locally for its residential area built after World War II. Moorabbin is serviced by a variety of Public Transport Victoria bus, the word Moorabbin is believed to have come from the Aboriginal word moorooboon meaning a resting place. The Post Office opened on 1 September 1857 as South Brighton, was renamed Brighton South around 1886, the Moorabbin East Post Office near Chesterville Road opened in 1960. The seat of government moved from Moorabbin to Cheltenham when the former City of Moorabbin was incorporated into the larger City of Kingston. In August 1998, Moorabbin was the scene of the Silk-Miller police murders, housing in Moorabbin comprises mainly 3-bedroom red or cream brick detached houses built between the 1950s and 1970s.
More recently villa units and townhouses have been built, Moorabbin has two public primary schools and one Catholic primary. Moorabbin High School closed in 1984 but the campus is now being used by the Bayside Special Development School. The Gould League uses the former Moorabbin High School site and specializes in education that relates to the environment, the suburb has an Australian Rules football team, Moorabbin Kangaroos Football Club, competing in the Southern Football League. The football and cricket venue in the suburb is Moorabbin Oval, the ground was used by the St Kilda Football Club in VFL/AFL games between 1965 and 1992, and continued to serve as its training and administrative home ground until 2010. St Kilda Football Club is scheduled to return in 2018, Australian Places, Victoria Holy Funk Industrial Furniture
The black swan is a large waterbird, a species of swan, which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest regions of Australia. The species was introduced to New Zealand in the 1860s, within Australia they are nomadic, with erratic migration patterns dependent upon climatic conditions. Black swans are large birds with black plumage and red bills. They are monogamous breeders that share incubation duties and cygnet rearing between the sexes, Black swans were introduced to various countries as an ornamental bird in the 1800s, but have escaped and formed stable populations. A small population of black swans exists on the River Thames at Marlow, described scientifically by English naturalist John Latham in 1790, the black swan was formerly placed into a monotypic genus, Chenopis. Black swans can be singly, or in loose companies numbering into the hundreds or even thousands. Black swans are popular birds in zoological gardens and bird collections, Black swans are mostly black-feathered birds, with white flight feathers.
The bill is red, with a pale bar and tip. Cobs are slightly larger than pens, with a longer and straighter bill, cygnets are a greyish-brown with pale-edged feathers. A mature black swan measures between 110 and 142 centimetres in length and weighs 3. 7–9 kilograms and its wing span is between 1.6 and 2 metres. The neck is long and curved in an S-shape, the black swan utters a musical and far reaching bugle-like sound, called either on the water or in flight, as well as a range of softer crooning notes. It can whistle, especially when disturbed while breeding and nesting, when swimming, black swans hold their necks arched or erect and often carry their feathers or wings raised in an aggressive display. The black swan is unlike any other Australian bird, although in poor light, the black swan can be distinguished by its much longer neck and slower wing beat. One captive population of swans in Lakeland, Florida has produced a few individuals which are a light mottled grey color instead of black.
The black swan is common in the wetlands of southwestern and eastern Australia and it is uncommon in central and northern Australia. The black swans preferred habitat extends across fresh and salt lakes and rivers with underwater and emergent vegetation for food. Permanent wetlands are preferred, including lakes, but black swans can be found in flooded pastures and tidal mudflats. Black swans were once thought to be sedentary, but the species is now known to be highly nomadic, there is no set migratory pattern, but rather opportunistic responses to either rainfall or drought
The Werribee River is a perennial river of the Port Phillip catchment that is located on the plain west of Melbourne, Australia. The headwaters of a tributary, the Lerderderg River, are north of Ballan near Daylesford and it flows across the basalt plain, a linear park follows the Werribee River along much of its course. In total the Werribee River completes a journey of approximately 110 kilometres, the river flows through the Werribee Gorge State Park before being utilised for irrigation of market gardens at Bacchus Marsh, through Werribee where it is crossed by the Maltby By-pass. It flows through the Werribee Open Range Zoo in Werribee Park, the Western Treatment Plant, a sewage treatment site, is located near the mouth of the river, and supplies irrigation needs to the zoo. The Werribee River Trail winds beside the Werribee River from Davis Creek in Tarneit to the Princes Highway in Werribee, in the late 1830s and 1840s the Werribee River was the scene of conflicts between the Wautharong people and the European colonisers.
The squatter Charles Franks and a shepherd were speared to death near Mount Cottrell in July 1836 and this resulted in a punitive party led by John Batman which came upon a large party of aborigines and indiscriminately shot and killed at least ten. There are accounts of arsenic laced flour being given to local aborigines, in 1851 a substantial timber bridge was built to cross the Werribee River to replace an earlier wooden bridge. In 1852 this bridge was washed away when the Werribee river flooded, the explorers Hume and Hovell camped by the river on 15 December 1824 and named it the Arndell after Hovells father-in-law. John Helder Wedge re-discovered the river in 1835 and initially called it the Peel, exford, an early crossing place on the river, is derived from this name. One of the local Wautharong speaking Kulin tribesman that accompanied Wedge said the name for the stream was Weariby Yallock, the spelling changed to the present form of Werribee, and the original aboriginal word meant spine or backbone.
Werribee river holds fish all along its course, most of which are at the mouth of the river in to Port Phillip Bay in the Estuary and this area is best fished for Southern Black Bream. K-road Cliffs is probably the most unusual feature of the river, a photo of the K-road Cliffs on the Werribee River Exploring the river offers an array of outdoor opportunities and is indeed a favorite pastime for many local residents. An extensive network of hard surface bike and walking trails along the river showcase the plethora of flora and fauna that inhabit the river. There are many fishing spots along the river and canoe/boat launching facilities are located at the Werribee South Boat Ramp, bird watching is a popular activity however care must be taken as there are known to be Eastern Brown Snakes and other deadly fauna inhabiting the area. List of rivers of Australia Werribee River - Redreaming the plain
Koo Wee Rup
Koo Wee Rup /ˌkuː ˌwiː ˈrʌp/ is a town in Victoria, Australia,63 km south-east of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Cardinia, at the 2011 Census, Koo Wee Rup had a population of 3,079. Prior to December 1994 the town was part of the Shire of Cranbourne, built on former marshland now converted to market gardens, the town has a population of about 3,079 The post office opened on 7 January 1891. In the early 1950s many Dutch and Italian families settled in the area, prior to European settlement the area was occupied by the Bunurong Aboriginal people. It is from their language that the name derives. Ku-wirup is believed to mean plenty of blackfish or blackfish swimming, Koo Wee Rup is Australias largest asparagus growing district. It is a farming and potato growing area. The town was well known for its potato festival, which was held each March to raise funds for the Westernport Memorial Hospital. Schools include Koo Wee Rup Primary School, St John the Baptist Primary School, the town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Ellinbank & District Football League.
Koo Wee Rup railway station was situated on the South Gippsland railway line that operated as far as a terminus at Yarram in the early 1980s. A V/Line road coach service replaced the passenger service to Leongatha on 24 July 1993. Kingstons Tours operates a bus service from Koo Wee Rup to Pakenham on behalf of Public Transport Victoria
The river is impounded by the Eildon Dam to create Lake Eildon, the Eildon Pondage, the Goulburn Weir and Waranga Basin. The river rises below Corn Hill on the slopes of the Victorian Alps. The Goulburn has 41 tributaries including the Black, Howqua, Big, Acheron and Broken rivers, the river descends 1,100 metres over its 654-kilometre course. In addition to being the longest river in Victoria, the Goulburn has the highest discharge, the area surrounding the river is very productive as a result of irrigated agriculture. The Goulburn accounts for 45% of the Murray-Darling Basins total runoff, by contrast, the Darling basin contributes just 31. 7% of the basins total runoff. Much of the flow is extracted, and the river is heavily regulated. With recent years being some of the driest on record in the basin, because of all this there has been much controversy over the construction of the North–South Pipeline, which will pipe 70 gigalitres of water annually to Melbournes water supply. The Goulburn Heritage River was declared in 1992 in recognition of its natural, scenic.
In June 2010, the Victorian Government created the Lower Goulburn National Park to protect, Red River Gum forests line the Goulburn River for most of its length, reaching up to 45 metres in height and live more than 500 years. The trees need periods of flooding and can survive inundation for months and their seeds are washed onto higher ground during a flood and germinate and grow before the next flood reaches them. Hollows and broken branches provide nesting for galahs, cockatoos and various parrots, in the upper reaches, there are extensive forests of very tall mountain ash and mixed species and may be described as typical trout streams. In the Ngurai-illamwurrung language, the river is called Omio, hamilton Hume and William Hovell explored the area in 1824, naming the Goulburn River in honour of Major Frederick Goulburn, the first Colonial Secretary of New South Wales. Goulburn–Murray Water List of rivers of Victoria Murray Darling Basin Authority Goulburn River Valley tourism site, upper Goulburn River Catchment Local Management Rules.
Archived from the original on 20 October 2014
Exocarpos cupressiformis Labill, with common names that include native cherry, cherry ballart, and cypress cherry, belongs to the sandalwood family of plants. It is an endemic to Australia. Occasionally the generic name is spelt Exocarpus and this form of the generic name was probably the original spelling, but it appears to be mostly no longer in use. Plants are found in sclerophyll forest, especially in shallow soils and their extensive habitat range is from Queensland to Victoria, from the coast to the leeward fringe of the Great Dividing Range, and Tasmania. The foliage is toxic to stock, which meant that most cherry trees were removed from farming land. The cherry ballart superficially resembles the cypress and it is a large shrub or small tree,3 to 8 m tall, often pyramidal in shape. In the early stages of development, the plants are hemiparasitic on the roots of other trees, more mature plants are less reliant on this parasitism once photosynthesis in their stems is well established. The leaves are reduced to scales, the green, drooping stems are the site of photosynthesis.
Its inconspicuous white flowers are arranged in clusters on short spikes 3–6 mm long, only one flower on each spike eventually forms a fruit. The inedible fruit is a globular, greenish nut and it is found on top of a short stalk, the pedicel. As the fruit develops the stalk swells to 5-6mm in diameter and turns red, the true, seed-like fruit is found on the outside of the fleshy false fruit, hence the original name Exocarpus, from the Latin meaning outside the fruit. Indigenous Australias used the wood of the plant to make spearthrowers as well as bull roarers, the pale wood is very fine-grained with little figure but often striking colour variation. The timber was used for making furniture, gun-stocks. It is suitable for carving and turning and so is now used for producing decorative. The fleshy pedicel, the cherry, is edible and so was used as food by indigenous Australians, the fruit is picked when it is so ripe it is ready to fall from the tree. It may be raw, or cooked. Early European settlers used branches as Christmas trees, dispersal of the species is by birds attracted to the colourful pedicel to which the nut is attached.
The digestive juices of the bird weaken the hard nut, allowing the seed to germinate more easily Propagation of the species has proved to be difficult
Mordialloc, known simply as Mordi, is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia,24 km south-east of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area is the City of Kingston, at the 2011 census, Mordialloc had a population of 7,537. The name is derived from the term moordy yallock which originated from the Aboriginal language Boonwurrung, which is listed in sources as meaning muddy creek. Mordialloc Post Office opened on 17 October 1863, in 1995 it was renamed Braeside Business Centre, and a new Mordialloc office opened near the railway station. Mordialloc Creek is arguably the most significant feature of the suburb, home to Pompeis boat works, Mordialloc Creek has a rich history of traditional wooden boat building. Many classic boats line the banks of the creek, Mordialloc railway station is on the Frankston railway line. Golfers play at the course of the Woodlands Golf Club on White Street, the Epsom Park Horse Racing track was situated in Mordialloc. Now a housing estate, in its heyday at the beginning of the 20th century it was one of Victorias premier race tracks, in life it became a training track before being eventually closed in the 1980s.
In 2008, Doug Denyer Reserve, situated in Epsom Park hosted it first ever season with Mordialloc Redbacks being the home team. The Redbacks first Junior Head Coach at Epsom Park was David Beckett, electoral district of Mordialloc Australian Places - Mordialloc
Wonthaggi /ˈwɒnθæɡi/ is a seaside town located 132 kilometres south east of Melbourne via the South Gippsland and Bass Highways, in the Bass Coast Shire of Gippsland, Australia. Known originally for its coal mining it is now the largest town in South Gippsland, the name Wonthaggi is an Australian Aboriginal name meaning home from the Bunurong. It was used in the some time before 1 August 1910 when the town was founded. The Bunurong aboriginal people were custodians of this stretch of coast for thousands of years prior to white settlement. The Boakoolawal clan lived in the Kilcunda area south of the Bass River, middens containing charcoal and shellfish mark the location of their campsites along the coast. Coal was discovered by explorer William Hovell at Cape Paterson in 1826, however transporting the coal by whale boat through the surf to larger ships anchored offshore proved costly and dangerous and mining activity was soon curtailed. The coastal sands off Wonthaggi occasionally uncover the remains of ships wrecked along the coast, a tent city was established adjacent to the Powlett River, on what were known as the Powlett River Coalfields.
The tent city had no permanent buildings and healthcare was provided by a Dr Sleeman, after the 1909-1910 strike by coal miners in the Hunter Valley, the Victorian state government were determined to ensure stability in local supplies of coal. The State Coal Mine and the town of Wonthaggi came into being in 1910 to supply coal for the Victorian Railways and it was one of the largest and most dangerous collieries in Australia. At its peak in 1926 the mine produced 2,435 long tons per day, in 1928, Wonthaggi coal accounted for around 60% of Victorian Railways coal consumption. A Post Office opened on 11 November 1887 in a nearby area, on 1 August 1910 this office was renamed St Clair and on the same day Powlett Coal Mine Post Office, opened earlier that year, was renamed Wonthaggi. That is when the town was given a permanent name, the Wonthaggi Wind Farm in Campbell Street was built in 2005. It is an environmentally friendly wind power station with six turbines, the Bass Coast Shire Council was opposed to the wind farm along with some local residents.
Protesters argued that it would taint the view of Cape Patterson on the trip from Anderson to Wonthaggi and would affect the recreational tourism and landscape values of the coastline. By September 2005 the six towers had been built, but were themselves a tourist attraction, the wind farm generates power up to 80% of the time, providing electricity for up to 6000 homes. It can be seen when visiting Williamsons Beach and the Victorian Desalination Plant, the State Coal Mine in Wonthaggi was operational from 1910 to 1968 and is now operated by Parks Victoria as a tourist attraction and cafe. The Victorian Desalination Plant has a 225-hectare park and 8 km of walking and cycling tracks, seashell collecting is permitted on Wonthaggi Beaches. Safety Beach on Surf Beach Road Cape Paterson is a popular beach because it has a modified rockpool for swimming, the rockpool was built by miners in the 1960s, at a time when the environment was less of a priority in Australia
Corinella is a town in Victoria, located 114 km south-east of Melbourne via the M1 and the Bass Highway, on the eastern shore of Western Port. The town serves as a destination, with a focus on recreational fishing. Limited vehicular access is provided to French Island from Corinella. Just to the east of the present town, a settlement was founded in 1826 from Sydney in response to a concern for possible French territorial claims, in that year Dumont dUrville in command of the corvette Astrolabe examined Western Port during his scientific voyage, arousing some suspicion. A contingent of soldiers and 21 convicts under the command of Captain Wright, a small military settlement called Fort Dumaresq was established near the present-day site of Rhyll on the north coast of Phillip Island. Lack of fresh water proved a problem and the outpost was moved to Corinella, the buildings were burnt to prevent use by escaped convicts. A memorial cairn in Jamieson Street marks the site of the original settlement, the 1826-8 Corinella was subject to extensive archaeological investigations in the late 1970s by the Victoria Archaeological Survey led by Peter Coutts.
Although equivocal in its conclusions about the location and remains of the settlement, in 1851, the township of Corinella, at Corinella, Settlement Point, Western Port Bay, was officially proclaimed. Corinella, an episode in Victorias history. History and description of the settlement by P. J. F, Records of the Victorian Archaeological Survey, no.151983 Visit Corinella Township Information website http, //www. visitcorinella. com
Murrumbeena is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia,13 km south-east of Melbournes central business district. Its local government area is the City of Glen Eira, at the 2011 Census, Murrumbeena had a population of 8,592. Murrumbeena is a suburban area with extensive parklands and primarily Federation. The name Murrumbeena derives from the Aboriginal word mirambeena and it may have meant land of frogs, moss growing on decayed wood or it may be a derivative from the name of an Aboriginal elder. The evidence for any of these etymologies is uncertain, the name was officially adopted when the railway station opened in 1879. The main street of Murrumbeena is Neerim Road, which bends to cross the lines and has a strip shopping centre extending to Murrumbeena Road nearby the railway station. Trading at the centre suffered greatly with the opening of Chadstone Shopping Centre nearby, however it has seen a recent revival, particularly of street cafes. The main roads running through Murrumbeena are Dandenong Road, Neerim Road, Murrumbeena railway station is a suburban railway station providing regular services to the city and along the Pakenham and Cranbourne lines.
The Neerim Road level crossing was identified by the RACV in 2010 as one of the worst for traffic congestion in metropolitan Melbourne, in 2016, the Andrews Labor Government announced it would construct an extended elevated railway bridge to remove level crossings on the Pakenham/Cranbourne line. The proposal calls for three concrete bridge-like structures, each spanning multiple kilometres and composed of varying in height from nine to 16 metres. Much of the local community consequently became incensed with the method of grade separation. Locals maintain that Skyrail is inconsistent with the widely accepted rail under road and they affirm support for this design to be utilised instead and point to its successful implementation at Bourke Road, Glen Iris and Springvale Road, Nunawading. They note that similar designs are being constructed at North Road, McKinnon Road, residents describe the proposal as both problematic and imprudent. They question the viability of these spaces for use as parkland because much of it would exist “sandwiched” between homes in a narrow easement.
They query which organisation, will be tasked with the upkeep of the land and. Residents have taken issue with the process the government underwent in what they say was a bid to “foist” the proposal on the community without scrutiny. Outside of the street, Murrumbeena is a mix of predominantly single-family detached homes with small pockets of walk-up flats of up to two stories developed since the 1960s. The predominant style of the buildings in the strip and surrounding homes are Federation