San Diego Metropolitan Transit System
The San Diego Metropolitan Transit System is the public transit service provider for Central, South and Southeast San Diego County, in the United States. MTS operating subsidiaries include the San Diego Trolley and San Diego Transit Corporation. Average daily ridership among all public transit services provided by MTS was 271,500 in the Fourth Quarter of 2017. MTS is one of the oldest transit systems in Southern California, dating back as early as the 1880s. Although the d/b/a names have changed over the years, the two modes of transportation – buses and light rail – have remained consistent over most of the past 125 years. MTS owns Arizona Eastern Railway. MTS licenses and regulates taxicabs and other private for-hire passenger transportation services provided by contract for the cities of San Diego, El Cajon, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove and Santee. MTS is a joint powers authority agency, or JPA. Member cities include San Diego, Chula Vista, Coronado, El Cajon, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove, National City, Poway and San Diego County.
Elected officials from each jurisdiction, including San Diego County, serve as the Board of Directors. The city of San Diego has the most representation with four members. A county resident is elected by the Board of Directors to serve as the Chairman. A system of horse- or mule-drawn street cars was established in Downtown San Diego in 1886. In 1887 electric street car service was begun, serving a more widespread area including Old Town and University Heights; the direct ancestor of MTS, the San Diego Electric Railway Company, was founded in 1891 by John D. Spreckels. Spreckels converted them all to electric operation. In the 1920s and 1930s the rail lines began to be replaced by motor buses. In 1949 the last rail service was discontinued, making San Diego the first major city in California to convert to an all-bus system. In 1948 Jesse Haugh renamed it the San Diego Transit System; the system was purchased by the City of San Diego in 1967. MTDB was formed in 1976 and launched the San Diego Trolley in 1981.
The San Diego Transit system of bus lines was transferred from the city to MTDB in 1985. MTDB changed its logo to Metropolitan Transit System in 1986. Today, the agency is one of two child agencies of SANDAG, the county-level MPO that zones land and sets the transit fares. More recent developments at MTS are summarized below. MTS adopts its current logo and livery, first applied to buses entering service that summer. MTS assumes control over National City Transit from the City of National City, amid the City's reluctance to implement findings of the COA, retires its 600-series bus route numbers, replaces them with the current 960-series numbers. MTS is named the Outstanding Public Transit System for 2009 by the American Public Transportation Association. In fiscal year 2009, MTS set a record for ridership with over 92 million rides from July 1, 2008, to June 31, 2009. September 24: San Diego Trolley places an order for 57 Ultra Short Low Floor Model S70 LRVs, at a total cost of $205 million. San Diego Trolley beings construction on the "Trolley Renewal Project".
The project is expected to last five years and renovates all stations and existing infrastructure to handle the new Low Floor S70 LRVs purchased the previous year. MTS begins work on a study to evaluate the feasibility of reconnecting Balboa Park, the San Diego Zoo and Downtown San Diego through a fixed-guideway, electrified streetcar line. MTS begins weekend and holiday service of the Silver Line, which operates around Downtown San Diego and features renovated PCC streetcars with a partnership with the San Diego historic streetcar society. MTS receives first two shipments of 4th generation trolley vehicles and begins operating new LRVs on the Green Line MTS realigns trolley system so all three lines terminate in downtown, eliminating the need for the special event line; the green line now serves special events. Low floor trains operate on the Orange Line for the first time, marking the end of the first phase of the trolley renewal project. First of the next-gemeration Gillig Low Floor buses arrive and are placed into service First buses for the BRT network arrive The first line in the Rapid BRT network goes into operation.
Low floor trains operate on the Blue Line for the first time in January, after new station platforms, advanced electronic signage, overhead catenary wires, larger shelters and track replacements are implemented. The Transit Optimization Plan is adopted Additional Low floor trolley cars Arrive at shop. Numbered in the 5000-series, 9 of the cars are set to start testing for Blue and Orange Lines as early as Spring 2019; the other 36 will be set to run for the mid-coast extension releasing in 2021. The South Bay Rapid entered the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. New trolley cars, the 5000-series, due to enter service in the Summer. August:Electric buses to enter service MTS administers several public transportation services, including the San Diego Trolley's three daily Light rail lines, 93 fixed-route bus services, paratransit service. About half of its fixed-route bus services are contracted out to Transdev, First Transit, with First Transit providing paratransit services. Light rail service is operated by Incorporated.
It is referred to as "The Trolley". Three daily lines are operated, are designated by their colors: the Blue Line, the Green Line, the Orange Line.
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority is an agency that operates public transportation in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. It was formed in 1993 out of a merger of the Southern California Rapid Transit District and the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission, it is chartered under state law as a regional transportation planning agency. Metro directly operates light rail, heavy rail and bus rapid transit services, it directs planning for rail and freeway projects within Los Angeles County. It funds 27 local transit agencies as well as access paratransit services; the agency develops and oversees transportation plans, funding programs, both short-term and long-range solutions to mobility and environmental needs in the county. The agency is the primary transit provider for the City of Los Angeles, providing the bulk of such services, while the City of Los Angeles Department of Transportation operates a much smaller system of its own: Commuter Express bus service to outlying suburbs in the city of Los Angeles and the popular DASH mini-bus service in downtown and other neighborhoods.
Metro's headquarters are in a high-rise building adjacent to Union Station in downtown Los Angeles. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates the third-largest public transportation system in the United States by ridership with a 1,433 mi² operating area and 2,000 peak hour buses on the street any given business day. Metro operates 105 miles of urban rail service; the authority has 9,892 employees, making it one of the region's largest employers. The authority partially funds sixteen municipal bus operators and an array of transportation projects including bikeways and pedestrian facilities, local roads and highway improvements, goods movement, Metrolink regional commuter rail, Freeway Service Patrol and freeway call boxes within the greater metropolitan Los Angeles region. Security and law enforcement services on Metro property are provided by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Transit Services Bureau via contract, in conjunction with Metro Transit Enforcement Department, Los Angeles Police Department and Long Beach Police Department.
In 2006, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority was named Outstanding Transportation System for 2006 by the American Public Transportation Association. Most buses and trains have "America's Best" decals affixed. Metro Rail is a rail mass transit system with four light rail lines; as of November 2016, the system runs a total of 105 miles, with 93 stations and over 316,000 daily weekday boardings. Starting in 2019, lines will be renamed with lettered designations, citing a lack of distinct colors available for future services; the Blue Line is a light rail line running between Downtown Long Beach. The Red Line is a subway line running between Downtown Los North Hollywood; the Green Line is a light rail line running between Redondo Beach and Norwalk in the median of the 105 Freeway. It provides indirect access to Los Angeles International Airport via a shuttle bus; the Purple Line is a subway line running between Downtown Los Angeles and the Mid-Wilshire district of Los Angeles.
Most of its route is shared with the Red Line. The Gold Line is a light rail line running between East Los Angeles and Azusa via Downtown Los Angeles; the Expo Line is a light rail line running between Downtown Los Santa Monica. Metro Busway is an express bus system with characteristics of bus rapid transit with two lines operating on dedicated or shared-use busways; the system runs a total of 60 miles, with 28 stations and over 42,000 daily weekday boardings as of May 2016. The Metro Busway system is meant to mimic the Metro Rail system, both in the vehicle's design and in the operation of the line. Vehicles stop at dedicated stations, vehicles receive priority at intersections and are painted in a silver livery similar to Metro Rail vehicles; the Metro Orange Line is a bus rapid transit line running between North Chatsworth. The Metro Silver Line is a limited-stop bus line running between El Monte, Downtown Los Angeles, Harbor Gateway, with some buses serving San Pedro. Metro is the primary bus operator in the Los Angeles Basin, the San Fernando Valley, the western San Gabriel Valley.
Other transit providers operate more frequent service in the rest of the county. Regions in Los Angeles County that Metro Bus does not serve at all include rural regions, the Pomona Valley, the Santa Clarita Valley, the Antelope Valley. Metro operates two types of bus services. However, when mechanical problems or availability equipment occurs, a bus of any color may be substituted to continue service on the route. Metro Local buses are painted in an off-orange color which the agency has dubbed “California Poppy”; this type of service makes frequent stops along major thoroughfares. There are 18,500 stops on 189 bus lines; some Metro Local routes make limited stops along part of their trip but do not participate in the Rapid program. Some Metro Local bus lines are operated by contractors MV Transportation, Southland Transit, Transdev. Metro Rapid buses are distinguished by their bright red color which the agency has dubbed “Rapid Red”; this bus rapid transit service offers limited stops on many of the county's more heavi
Montebello Bus Lines
Montebello Bus Lines is a municipal bus operator in Montebello, USA serving East Los Angeles and Montebello. Montebello Bus Lines began on 28 July 1931, with a small lot on the corner of Greenwood Avenue and Olympic Boulevard, where the four buses the agency operated were housed; the conception of Montebello Bus Lines came after several other transport services had served the area. Two years after the City of Montebello was incorporated in 1920, the City launched its first attempt at operating a municipal bus route, but the City decided to sell its bus operation to the Motor Transport Company in 1928. Three years in 1931, the City purchased the route back from the Motor Transport Company, Montebello Bus Lines was born. In the agency’s early days, passengers paid a nickel to ride the bus and bus operators earned $120 per month. Montebello Bus Lines has grown to be the third largest municipal transport agency in Los Angeles County, operating seven local routes, an express route, a semi-fixed-route feeder service and a Dial-a-Ride service.
Montebello Bus Lines serves 15 communities, providing transport to 8 million passengers on an annual basis. As of September 2013, Montebello Bus Lines has 7 Compressed natural gas buses, 44 hybrid buses and plans to replace its 15 remaining Diesel fuel buses with CNG in next few years, it own a CNG fueling station to service the Montebello Bus Lines. The American Public Transportation Association has recognised Montebello Bus Line’s service. Montebello Bus Lines is the recipient of APTA's Outstanding Transport System Award and APTA's top Silver Safety Award in 1999, as well as the Achievement Award in 1997, 1998, 2000 and 2002. Within its service area of 67 square kilometres, Montebello Bus Lines serving the communities of: Montebello Bus Lines consists of 8 routes in the San Gabriel Valley Central and West. Montebello Bus Lines fixed route services can broadly be divided into three types: Major Local Services, Minor Local Services, Peak Express Service. Routes 10, 20, 40 are the major service routes.
Routes 30, 50, 60, 70 are the minor service routes. Route 90 is the express route. Former Route. Departs Gage Avenue and Telegraph Road to Downtown LA at 06:20 and 06:50. Departs from Downtown Los Angeles to Gage Avenue and Telegraph Road at 17:20 and 17:50. In the early days of the Montebello Bus Lines, there was a route that had a bus stop in the middle of the 700 block of Bradshawe Street; the buses used to be blue, student riders of the bus affectionately called the Montebello Bus, "the big blue limousine." Montebello Link begins operations in 1997. Montebello Bus Lines contracts five Metrolink feeder routes offers a kerb-to-kerb shuttle to and from the Montebello/Commerce Metrolink station during the peak hours; this reservation based service utilises shuttles meet the Metrolink's arriving schedule in the morning and takes passengers to major employment centres. The feeder routes carry commuters back to the station in the afternoon; the City of Montebello operates Montebello Dial-A-Taxi since 2007, a programme which offers transport for elderly residents and qualified handicapped persons of any age and their attendants.
15,000 residents utilise this service. Official website
Coaster (commuter rail)
Coaster is a commuter rail service that operates in the central and northern coastal regions of San Diego County, United States. The service is operated by Bombardier Transportation on contract with North County Transit District; the service has eight stops and operates during weekday peak periods, with additional weekend and holiday service. The North San Diego County Transit Development Board was created in 1975 to consolidate and improve transit in northern San Diego County. Planning began for a San Diego–Oceanside commuter rail line - called Coast Express Rail - in 1982. Funding for right-of-way acquisition and construction costs came from TransNet, a 1987 measure that imposed a 0.5% sales tax on San Diego County residents for transportation projects. The Board established the San Diego Northern Railway Corporation - a nonprofit operating subsidiary - in 1994. SDNR purchased 41 miles of the Surf Line plus the 22-mile Escondido Branch from the Santa Fe Railway that year. COASTER service began on February 27, 1995.
NCTD contracted Amtrak to provide personnel for Coaster trains. In July 2006, TransitAmerica Services took over the day-to-day operation of the commuter train, based on a five-year, $45 million contract with NCTD. In 2016, Bombardier Transportation replaced TransitAmerica as COASTER's operator. San Diego County voters extended the TransNet sales tax through 2038, which includes funding for rail track upgrades. By the early 2010s, numerous improvements such as added double track and bridge replacements were in various stages of construction and design; as part of the broader North Coast Corridor project $1 billion is planned to be spent on new segments of double track between San Diego and Orange County. NCTD plans to extend COASTER service north to Camp Pendleton The agency plans to build limited-use stations at the Convention Center and the Del Mar Racetrack for use during major events. More than 20 COASTER trains run on weekdays, with additional service on the weekends; as of the April 3, 2017 schedule, COASTER added Friday Night service with trains running until a quarter after midnight.
More weekend services operate during summer months and when there are special events The COASTER connects with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner at Oceanside, Solana Beach, Old Town Transit Center, Santa Fe Depot in San Diego. The COASTER connects with the Metrolink rail system at Oceanside, providing connecting service to Orange, Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties, it connects to the San Diego MTS buses at the Old Town Transit Center. The COASTER connects with BREEZE buses at all North San Diego County station stops; the cost of COASTER tickets is based upon the number of zones traveled. Fare collection is based on a proof-of-payment system: tickets must be purchased before boarding and are checked by roving fare inspectors. Monthly passes are available. All tickets and passes include transfer agreements with NCTD BREEZE buses and monthly passes include transfer with the Metropolitan Transit System buses and Trolleys. On January 20, 2011, the NCTD implemented a fare reduction – the fare reduction led to increased ridership on the COASTER and so was made a permanent fare reduction in September 2011.
As of January 2012, regular one-way fares are as follows: Within one zone: $4 Within two zones: $5 Within three zones: $5.50With proof of eligibility, senior citizens, people with disabilities, Medicare cardholders receive a 50% discount on the above fares. Riding the COASTER without a valid ticket may result in a penalty fare of up to $250. Riders cannot purchase tickets on board the train. In September 2008, SANDAG introduced a new contactless "Compass Card", made possible by Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc; the "Compass Card" allows passengers from MTS and NCTD to store regional transit passes and cash value on a rewritable RFID card. Customers can add cash value on the Internet or at any ticket vending machine. Prior to boarding a train, customers tap their Compass Cards on the ticket validator located on the train platform; the LED display on the validator lights up with lights resembling that of a stoplight, the LCD display shows text regarding the passenger's fare account. The COASTER carried about 514,450 passengers during its first year of operation, ridership rose in the years that followed.
In 2012, COASTER ridership was 1.6 million people, with an average number of 5,600 weekday boardings. 40% of weekday commuters detrain at Sorrento Valley. In June 2018, the North County Transit District Board of Directors approved the purchase of five Siemens Charger locomotives to replace their existing five F40PHM-2C locomotives that were remanufactured by Morrison-Knudsen. Deliveries are expected in the first half of 2021, with $10.5 million of the estimated $53.9 million cost earmarked from statewide gas tax and vehicle registration fees. In August 2018, NCTD announced that they were seeking public opinions and input on a re-brand of the agency; this included two new paint scheme ideas for COASTER, along with the existing scheme being used as a third option. The new COASTER livery will be decided upon by agency officials depending on the public input and will be painted on the new Siemens Chargers and passenger cars in 2021. NCTD maintains two rail storage yards for the COASTER; the main
Norwalk Transit (California)
Norwalk Transit is a municipal transit company providing fixed-route and paratransit bus transit services in Norwalk, United States, operates in portions of Artesia, Cerritos, El Monte, Industry, La Habra, La Mirada, South El Monte and Whittier in Southeast Los Angeles County and Orange County. Norwalk Transit receives its operating revenue from farebox receipts and state tax revenue distributed by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Norwalk Transit operates a connector shuttle bus service between the Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs Transportation Center and the Metro Green Line Norwalk Station. Presently, Metrolink provides weekday train service to the Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs Transportation Center; the rail feeder service implemented by Norwalk Transit provides direct interconnectivity between rail stations. Norwalk Transit’s paratransit dial-a-ride service operates within the jurisdictional boundary of the City of Norwalk. Route 1- Rio Hondo/Bellflower Route 2- Greenline Station/Gridley/183rd Street Route 3- Gateway Plaza/Norwalk/166th Street Route 4- Imperial Highway/Metrolink Station/Greenline Station Route 5- Rosecrans Avenue/Greenline Station Route 7- Greenline Station/El Monte Station Norwalk Transit began operation in 1974, a project done by Mayor John Zimmerman Jr.
In 2005, Norwalk Transit began operating Whittier Transit service under contract. The two routes were combined into Norwalk Transit route 7 in 2007, discontinued on September 19, 2011 during a series of cuts to Norwalk Transit; as of June 27, 2016 Route 7 returned in operation. Norwalk Transit uses 40-foot long buses for its scheduled routes, 20 foot paratransit vehicles for its dial-a-ride service; the standard fleet is composed of Gillig LF and New Flyer GE40LF vehicles. Norwalk Transit Web Site Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority
Metrolink is a commuter rail system in Southern California consisting of seven lines and 62 stations operating on 534 miles of rail network. The system operates in Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, Ventura counties, as well as to Oceanside in San Diego County, it connects with the Los Angeles County Metro Rail and Metro Busway system, the San Diego Coaster commuter rail and Sprinter light rail services, with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner, Coast Starlight, Southwest Chief, Sunset Limited intercity rail services. The system, founded in 1991 as the Southern California Regional Rail Authority and adopting "Metrolink" as its moniker, started operation in 1992. Average weekday ridership was 39,838 as of 2017. In addition to suburban communities and cities, Metrolink serves several points of interest such as Downtown Los Angeles, Hollywood Burbank Airport, California State University, Los Angeles, Angel Stadium of Anaheim, the San Clemente Pier. Special service has been extended to the Pomona Fairplex, the Ventura County Fairgrounds, the Auto Club Speedway for certain events.
Metrolink's fare structure is based on a flat fee for boarding the train and an additional cost for distance with fares being calculated in 25-cent increments between stations. Metrolink tickets are valid fare for most connecting trains. Fare increases occur annually in July, to coincide with increased fuel and labor expenses, have averaged between 3.5% and 5% per year. The oil price increases since 2003 are to blame for increasing fares, as Metrolink trains are powered by diesel fuel; the member agencies of the SCRRA purchased 175 miles of track, maintenance yards, stations and other property from Southern Pacific for $450 million in 1990. The rights to use Los Angeles Union Station were purchased from Union Pacific, the station's owner at the time, for $17 million in the same year; the Authority was formally founded in 1991. Amtrak began operation of the Ventura, Santa Clarita, San Bernardino lines on October 26, 1992 under contract to the SCRRA. In 1993, service was expanded to include the Orange County Lines.
The Inland Empire-Orange County Line opened in 1995. In 1995, more trains on the Orange County service were funded; the 91 Line opened in 2002. From July 2004, Metrolink fares were changed from zone based to one based on distance. In 2005 a five-year operational contract was awarded to Connex Railroad/Veolia Transport. In 2005, the Orange County Transportation Authority approved a plan to increase frequencies to 76 trains daily on the Orange County and Inland Empire-Orange County Lines by 2009, funding for increased Metrolink service was included in the renewal of the Measure M sales tax for transportation approved by voters in November 2006. A proposed station in Yorba Linda was canceled in 2005 due to local opposition. In July 2008, it was announced. Following the 2008 Chatsworth train collision in which 25 people died and 135 were injured a number of safety measures were taken. In 2010, the first of 117 energy absorbing passenger carriages were received by the operator. Amtrak regained the contract to operate Metrolink beginning in July 2010.
Average weekday ridership for the fourth quarter of 2009 was 38,400. In 2010, to save money in the face of funding cuts, the Metrolink board voted to reduce mid-day service on the Inland Empire–Orange County Line, as well as weekend service on both the Orange County and Inland Empire–Orange County lines. Average weekday ridership was 41,000 during May 2011. A survey found that 90% of users during a typical weekday in 2009 would have driven alone or carpooled and that the system replaced an estimated 25,000 vehicle trips. During a weekend closure of Interstate 405 in July 2011, the system recorded its highest-ever weekend ridership of 20,000 boardings, 50% higher than the same weekend in 2010 and 10% higher than the previous weekend ridership record which occurred during U2 360° Tour in June 2011. Ridership continued to rise in 2012, when average weekday ridership reached 42,265. Although 2013 annual boardings were 12.07 million, ridership dropped to 11.74 million by fall 2014, contrary to projections.
Blaming the decrease on the worst recession since World War II, Metrolink said it found itself caught between cutting service and boosting fares, both of which would further decrease ridership. Metrolink began offering mobile ticketing in early 2016; the Riverside County Transportation Commission extended the 91 Line southeast 24 miles to Perris, using the existing San Jacinto Branch Line, which it purchased in 1993. Initial plans were for construction/renovation of the line to begin in 2012, but these were delayed by a lawsuit filed by homeowners in the affected area, who challenged the RCTC's environmental report; the lawsuit was settled in late July 2013. Construction on the $248.3 million extension began in October 2013. In mid-February 2016, the extension's opening was planned in March of that year; the extension opened in June 2016
Anaheim Resort Transportation
Anaheim Resort Transportation, established in 1998 as the Anaheim Transportation Network and known as Anaheim Resort Transit, is a mass transportation provider in the Anaheim Resort area and its environs in Orange County, United States. ART uses a fleet of vehicles, including tourist trolleys, to provide access to hotels and tourist-related enterprises, which are the main destinations connected by the system. In 2005, Citizens Against Government Waste criticized an earmark for ART from the United States Congress as wasteful spending. In 2010, Disney contracted with ART to run shuttles from a Disney-owned parking lot to the Disneyland Resort. ART is owned by the Anaheim Transportation Network, a quasi-government agency organized as a nonprofit corporation, its board of directors is made up of representatives from hotels, local government, tourist attractions, other businesses in the Anaheim Resort and Platinum Triangle. Diana Kotler is the executive director of the organization; as of 2015, ART operates 21 fixed routes with stops in Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Garden Grove, Santa Ana and Anaheim.
Orange County Transportation Authority Official website