Sectional center facility
}} A destination Sectional Center Facility is a Processing and Distribution Center of the United States Postal Service that serves a designated geographical area defined by one or more three-digit ZIP Code prefixes. A Sectional Center Facility routes mail between local post offices and to and from Network Distribution Centers, which form the backbone of the network; the following are the USPS SCFs by state that, form the backbone of the primary mail service in the United States. Note: Alabama 369 is served by Meridian, Mississippi. 353 is unassigned Birmingham, served by Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport Montgomery Mobile Anchorage: 4141 Postmark Dr. Anchorage, AK 99519, served by Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport Juneau Ketchikan American Samoa is served by the SCF in Honolulu, Hawaii. Note: AZ 864 served by Las Vegas, Nevada. Phoenix Tucson Note: Arkansas 723-724 served by Tennessee. Little Rock Fayetteville Note: CA 961 is served by Nevada. Los Angeles 7001 S. Central Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90052-9998 Industry 15421 E Gale Ave. City of Industry, CA 91715-9608 Santa Clarita 28201 Franklin Pkwy. Santa Clarita, CA 91383-9998 San Diego 11251 Rancho Carmel Drive, San Diego, CA 92199-9998 San Bernardino 1900 W Redlands Blvd. San Bernardino, CA 92403-9997 Santa Ana 3101 W. Sunflower Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92799-0101 Anaheim 5335 E. La Palma Ave. Anaheim, CA 92899-9002 Santa Barbara 400 Storke Road, Goleta, CA 93117 Bakersfield Fresno San Jose 1750 Lundy Avenue, San Jose, CA 95101-9998 San Francisco Sacramento 3775 Industrial Blvd. West Sacramento, CA 95799-9998 Oakland 1675 7th St, Oakland, CA 94615 Eureka Redding Note: Colorado 813 is served by Albuquerque, New Mexico. Denver 25630 East 75th Ave. Denver CO 80249 Grand Junction Note: 066, 068, 069 are served by Westchester, New York. Hartford 141 Weston St. Hartford, CT 06101 Wilmington 147 Quigley Blvd. New Castle, DE 19720 Note: Mail deposited in Washington, D. C. may be postmarked from Suburban Maryland, Southern Maryland, Washington, D.
C. or the Capital District. Washington, 900 Brentwood Rd. NE, Washington DC 20066-9998 Street and PO box addresses US government, etc. Parcel Return Service Note: Florida 343, 345, 348 are unassigned. For 340, see Military below. Jacksonville Tallahassee Pensacola Orlando 10401 Post Office Blvd. Orlando, FL 32862 Miami West Palm Beach Tampa 1801 Grant St. Tampa, FL 33605 Fort Myers Manasota 850 Tallevast Rd. Sarasota, FL. 34260 Note: Georgia 307 is served by Chattanooga, Tennessee. Georgia 313-315 are served by Jacksonville, FL. Georgia 316-317, 398 are served by Tallahassee, FL North Metro, GA Atlanta 3900 Crown Rd. SW, Atlanta, GA 30304 Augusta 525 8th St. Augusta, GA 30901 Macon 451 College St. Macon, GA 31213 SCF Barrigada, served by Guam International Airport, 489 Army Dr. Barrigada, GU 96913 Honolulu, served by Honolulu International Airport. Note: Idaho 835 and 838 are served by Spokane, Washington. 839 is unassigned. Boise Note: Illinois 620, 622, 628-629 are served by St. Louis, Missouri.
Palatine 1300 Northwest Hwy. Palatine, IL 60095 Carol Stream South Suburban Fox Valley, Aurora Chicago Champaign Quad Cities Peoria Springfield Note: Indiana 470 is served by Cincinnati, Ohio. Indianapolis Gary South Bend Fort Wayne Muncie, Indiana Evansville. Des Moines Waterloo Cedar Rapids Note: 664-668 are served by Kansas City, Missouri. Wichita Note: Kentucky 407-409, 417, 418, 425, 426 are served by Knoxville, Tennessee. Louisville Lexington Note: 715 are unassigned. New Orleans Lafayette Baton Rouge Shreveport Southern 125 Forest Ave. Portland, ME 04101 Eastern 16
American Postal Workers Union
The American Postal Workers Union is a labor union in the United States. It represents over 200,000 employees and retirees of the United States Postal Service who belong to the Clerk, Motor Vehicle, Support Services divisions, it represents 2,000 private-sector mail workers. The American Postal Workers Union is working to stop the closing of Post Offices. Due to current economic factors, the USPS is looking to close several local branches and mail processing centers around the nation. Postal workers in the United States first won collective bargaining rights after the U. S. postal strike of 1970. Two organizations of postal clerks emerged in the 1890s, it was too conservative for the AFL, which in 1906 sponsored the National Federation of Post Office Clerks, which soon surpassed the UNAPOC. NFPOC grew from 16,000 members in 1922, to 36,000 in 1932, nearly 50,000 by 1940, it did not engage in strikes, but spent much of its efforts in opposing hostile Congressional legislation. Additional rivals were formed in the 1930s, but the first serious rival was the National Postal Clerks Union that began in 1958.
Merger discussions dragged on for years, until the NFPOC, UNAPOC and others merged in 1961 as the United Federation of Postal Clerks. In 1971 five unions combined into the American Postal Workers Union, they were the United Federation of Postal Clerks, the National Postal Union, the National Association of Post Office and General Service Maintenance Employees, the National Federation of Post Office Motor Vehicle Employees, the National Association of Special Delivery Messengers, with a combined membership of 280,000. On August 20, 2007, the independent National Postal Professional Nurses merged with the APWU; as a result of this merger, the members of the NPPN were granted membership in the Support Services Division of the APWU. The NPPN-APWU represents over 90 occupational health nurses; this 2007 merger was the first merger of any postal unions in the United States since the U. S. postal strike of 1970. On Thursday, July 30, 2009, the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee voted 12-1 in favor of S. 1507, which would provide financial relief to the Postal Service.
An amendment, offered by Sen. Tom Coburn, requiring the arbitrator to take into consideration the financial health of the Postal Service when deciding Postal Union contracts, was added prior to its passage. Sen. Joe Lieberman, chairman of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs, Sen. Tom Carper, chairman of the subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government information, Federal Services and International Security, supported the amendment, voted with committee Republicans for its adoption; the American Postal Workers Union, National Postal Mail Handlers Union, the NALC and the NRLCA have all voiced opposition to S. 1507 with its inclusion of the arbitrator amendment. This Association was organized as a fraternal benefit society for railway clerks by five men in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1898; the original name of the association was the National Association of Railway Postal Clerks. The name of the society was changed to Railway Mail Association in 1904, the National Postal Transport Association in 1949.
In 1961 it became the United Federation of Postal Clerks Benefit Association. It adopted its present name in 1972. Membership is open to all members of the American Postal Workers Union who are employed as postal workers. In 1979, there were 23,000 members in 604 local branches. Branch meetings are held concurrently with meetings of the American Postal Workers Union. In addition to insurance benefits, the APW-ABA sponsors blood banks, Boys Scouts troops, conducts drives for community and medical research funds, visits sick and disabled members; the highest authority is the National Convention. Headquarters are in New Hampshire. There is a brief initiation ritual, in which the candidate pledges to support the US constitution, the laws of the society, become acquainted with the history of the society and defend its principles; the candidate pledges "to be considerate to the widow and the orphan. There are no religious elements in the ritual, though the regular order of business includes provisions for an invocation.
In 1979, the American Postal Workers Accident Benefit Association was a member of the National Fraternal Congress of America, however it does not appear on the current list of members of the Congress, now known as the American Fraternal Alliance. United States Postal Service National Association of Letter Carriers National Postal Mail Handlers Union National Rural Letter Carriers' Association Official website Seattle APWU News, from the Labor Press Project "Post-Office Clerks of the United States, United National Association of". New International Encyclopedia. 1905
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation
Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation known as Toei, is a bureau of Tokyo Metropolitan Government which operates public transport services in Tokyo. Among its services, Toei Subway is one of two rapid transit systems which make up the Tokyo subway system, the other being Tokyo Metro; the Toei Subway lines were licensed to the Teito Rapid Transit Authority but were constructed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government following transfers of the licenses for each line. The subway has run at a financial loss for most of its history due to high construction expenses for the Oedo Line. However, it reported its first net profit of ¥3.13bn in FY2006. Tokyo Metro and Toei trains form separate networks. While users of prepaid rail passes can interchange between the two networks, regular ticket holders must purchase a second ticket, or a special transfer ticket, to change from a Toei line to a Tokyo Metro line and vice versa; the sole exceptions are on the segment of the Toei Mita Line between Meguro and Shirokane-Takanawa, where the platforms are shared with the Tokyo Metro Namboku Line, at Kudanshita on the Shinjuku Line, where the platform is shared with the Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line.
At these stations, it is possible to change between the networks without passing through a ticket gate. Apart from its own logo, a stylized ginkgo leaf used as the symbol of the Tokyo Metropolis, Toei Subway shares a design language in common with Tokyo Metro. Lines are indicated by a letter in Futura Bold on a white background inside a roundel in the line color, with signs indicating stations adding the station number as well. Line colors and letter-designations are complementary with Tokyo Metro’s, with none overlapping. Informational signage is designed identically, with platform-level station placards differing only in the placement of the bands in the line color: Toei Subway has two thin bands at the top and bottom, while Tokyo Metro has one wider band at the bottom; the Toei Subway is made up of four lines operating on 109.0 kilometers of route. Two of the lines have different colors for their station signs: Shinjuku; the Ōedo line had a darker "magenta" as its designated color. The different gauges of the Toei lines arose in part due to the need to accommodate through services with private suburban railway lines.
Through services in regular operation include: Mita Line shares tracks of the section from Meguro to Shirokane-Takanawa with Tokyo Metro Namboku Line, 2.3 km. According to the company, an average of 2.34 million people used the company's four subway routes each day in 2008. The company made a profit of ¥12.2 billion in 2009. There are a total of 99 "unique" stations on the Toei Subway network, or 106 total stations if each station on each line counts as one station. All stations are located within the 23 special wards, with many located in areas not served by the complementary Tokyo Metro network. In addition to the subways, Toei operates the Toden Arakawa Line streetcar, the Ueno Zoo Monorail, the Nippori-Toneri Liner automated guideway transit. Toei operates local bus service in central Tokyo to fill in the gaps unserved by the Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway networks. Most routes are designated by a kanji character followed by a two-digit route number; the initial character indicates the main railway station where the line terminates: for instance, 渋66 is a suburban route from Shibuya Station.
Some routes replace the initial character with Latin letters, one prominent example being the RH01 service between Roppongi Hills and Shibuya. Others use a special character derived from the route, such as 虹01; some cross-town routes begin with the character 都. Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation maintains a large fiber optic cable network in the city, as well as several electric power generators. Tokyo City purchased the Tokyo Railway Company, a streetcar operator, in 1911, placed its lines under the authority of the Tokyo Municipal Electric Bureau; the TMEB began bus service in 1924 as an emergency measure after the Great Kantō earthquake knocked out streetcar service in the city.. In 1942, the Japanese government forced a number of private transit businesses in Tokyo to merge into the TMEB; these included the bus lines of the Tokyo Underground Railway, the Keio Electric Railway and the Tokyu Corporation, as well as the Oji Electric Tramway and several smaller bus companies. In 1943, Tokyo City was abolished and the TMEB's operations were transferred to the new TMBT.
TMBT operated electric "trolley buses" between 1952 and 1968 on four routes: Route 101: Imai - Kameido - Oshiage - Asakusa - Ueno Route 102: Ikebukuro - Shibuya - Naka-meguro - Gotanda - Shinagawa Route 103: Ikebukuro - Oji - San'ya - Kameido Route 104: Ikebukuro - Oji - AsakusaThe trolley buses were short-lived, however owing to their vulnerability to weather: rain caused problems with the overhead power supply, snow required tire chains to be installed on vehicles in order to maintain traction. Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation – official web
National Rural Letter Carriers' Association
The National Rural Letter Carriers' Association is an American labor union that represents the Rural letter carriers of the United States Postal Service. The purpose of this Association shall be to "improve the methods used by rural letter carriers, to benefit their conditions of labor with the United States Postal Service, to promote a fraternal spirit among its members." To join the NRLCA, one must be employed by the USPS in the rural carrier craft as a Rural Carrier Associate, Substitute Rural Carrier, Rural Carrier Relief, Part-time Flexible, Assistant Rural Carriers or Regular Carrier. The NRLCA provides information and fellowship for its members at county, state & national meetings where all members may participate in a democratic process of developing Association policy; the NRLCA provides a monthly publication, The National Rural Letter Carrier, to keep its members informed on postal and legislative matters of interest. Free mail delivery began in American cities in 1863 with a limited scope.
Shortly afterwards, rural citizens began petitioning for equal consideration. Postmaster General John Wanamaker first suggested rural free deliver of mail in the United States in his annual report for fiscal year 1891, it began in 1896 with five routes, the first rural carriers were paid $300 per year for their services. Seven years it had expanded to 15,119 routes covering 322,618 miles, inadequate pay was still an issue; the NRLCA was formed in 1903 at a cost of fifty cents per year in dues to its members. In 1906, rural carriers were granted six national holidays. Christmas was not one of them, did not become a holiday for rural carriers until 1923. In 1924, a special association committee traveled to Washington, D. C. to lobby for an equipment maintenance allowance. The following year, it became law. In 1928, the NRLCA implemented term limits for its officers, term limits were repealed in 1932. In 1941, tire and gasoline rationing from World War II affected rural carriers. NRLCA President Walker gained some exemptions from rationing for rural carriers.
In 1946, the National Association of Letter Carriers expressed interest in incorporating RFD into their union. In 1947, the NRLCA declined. On January 17, 1962, President John F. Kennedy signed executive order 10988 establishing employee-management cooperation in the federal service. Rural carriers selected the NRLCA as their agent, on July 12, the NRLCA became the first postal union to sign a national exclusive contract with the Post Office. In order to qualify, unions needed to demonstrate. Thus, the stipulation that only white delegates shall be eligible to seats in the national convention was lifted from article 3 of the NRLCA's constitution without the passing of a resolution or bylaw. Separate gender pay was abolished in a ruling by Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy. On September 8, 1978, the NRLCA was the first postal union to come to an agreement on a new contract when contract negotiations between the USPS and its unions nearly resulted in an illegal mail strike. On November 14, 2008, the NRLCA withdrew support from the Quality of Work Life/Employee Involvement program.
As the Postal Service funded all QWL-EI activities, it began focusing more on issues supporting corporate goals. The NRLCA viewed QWL/EI headed in a different direction than improving the "quality of work life" for rural carriers and their managers alike. On December 12, 2008, the Postal Service confirmed; as NRLCA President Don Cantriel put it, "They were looking for an excuse to get rid of it. On August 19, 2011, the NRLCA became the first labor union in the history of the United States Postal Service to elect a female President, Jeanette Dwyer, at its 107th National Convention in Savannah, Georgia, she served until 2018. She was succeeded by Ronnie Stutts; the NRLCA ratified its first constitution on day two of its first national convention in Chicago, September 12, 1903. H. H. Windsor, editor of Popular Mechanics magazine as well as the RFD News and chair of the Constitution & Bylaws Committee, presented his committee's report, followed by discussion on each article. One of the many topics discussed was union dues.
The NRLCA sought one dollar a year from its members, this was negotiated down to fifty cents a year by the time this constitution was ratified. The articles were amended and approved in order, after adoption of each separate article, the entire constitution was voted upon and adopted in its entirety. In 2007, Bylaws were eliminated from the NRLCA Constitution, each state was directed by the National office to do the same with their state constitutions; the NRLCA incorporated the existing bylaws within the constitution in their appropriate places. As a result, the existing NRLCA constitution underwent some renumbering. In 2011, the NRLCA ratified a national steward system; the NRLCA held its first annual national convention in Chicago, September 11–12, 1903. The first officers elected to serve the NRLCA on day two of the NRLCA's first national convention were: President: Frank H. Cunningham Vice President: B. Pitts Woods Secretary: W. F. Tumber Treasurer: W. L. Fetters Executive Committee: H. E. Niven, F. A.
Putnam (Dudley, Massachusetts
United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General
The United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General of the United States Postal Service was created by federal statute in 1996, assuming internal oversight duties over the United States Postal Service. The Inspector General of the United States Postal Service, independent of postal management, is appointed by and reports to the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service; the current Acting Inspector General is Tammy L. Whitcomb; as one of the federal Offices of the Inspector General, the purpose of the OIG is to prevent and report fraud and program abuse, promote efficiency in the operations of the USPS. The United States Postal Inspection Service is a separate agency. Official website USPS Official website USPIS Official website
National Postal Museum
The National Postal Museum, located opposite Union Station in Washington, D. C. United States, was established through joint agreement between the United States Postal Service and the Smithsonian Institution and opened in 1993; the museum is located across the street from Union Station, in the building that once served as the main post office of Washington, D. C. from 1914, when it was constructed, until 1986. The building was designed by the Graham and Burnham architectural firm, led by Ernest Graham following the death of Daniel Burnham in 1912; the building in which the museum is housed serves as the headquarters of the United States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics, as well as a data center for the United States Senate. The museum stores the National Philatelic Collection and hosts many interactive displays about the history of the United States Postal Service and of mail service around the world; the museum houses a gift shop and a United States Postal Service philatelic sales window, along with exhibits on the Pony Express, the use of railroads with the mail, the preserved remains of Owney, an exhibit on direct marketing called, "What's in the Mail for You," that produces a souvenir envelope with a visitor's name printed on it and a coupon for the gift shop.
As a Smithsonian museum, admission is free. This museum houses a library. In 2005, the museum acquired John Lennon's childhood stamp collection. From June 2015 until December 2018 the museum displayed the 1856 British Guiana One-Cent Magenta, the world's most valuable stamp, which sold for nearly $10 million. In September 2009, the museum received an $8 million gift from investment firm founder William H. Gross to help finance an expansion project; the museum now hosts the William H. Gross Stamp Gallery named in his honor. Since 2002, the museum has presented the Smithsonian Philatelic Achievement Award every two years. List of philatelic libraries Owney U. S. Postal Museums Postal Museum National Postal Museum official website National Postal Museum Library Official website Smithsonian's National Postal Museum at Google Cultural Institute Arago: People, Postage & the Post
United States Postal Service
The United States Postal Service is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states. It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution; the U. S. Mail traces its roots to 1775 during the Second Continental Congress, when Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general; the Post Office Department was created in 1792 from Franklin's operation. It was elevated to a cabinet-level department in 1872, was transformed by the Postal Reorganization Act in 1970 into the USPS as an independent agency; the USPS as of 2017 has 644,124 active employees and operated 211,264 vehicles in 2014. The USPS is the operator of the largest civilian vehicle fleet in the world; the USPS is obligated to serve all Americans, regardless of geography, at uniform price and quality. The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U.
S. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but now has to compete against private package delivery services, such as United Parcel Service and FedEx. Since the early 1980s, many of the direct tax subsidies to the Post Office, with the exception of subsidies for costs associated with the disabled and overseas voters, have been reduced or eliminated in favor of indirect subsidies, in addition to the advantages associated with a government-enforced monopoly on the delivery of first-class mail. Since the 2006 all-time peak mail volume, after which Congress passed the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act which mandated that $5.5 billion per year be paid to prefund employee retirement health benefits, revenue dropped due to recession-influenced declining mail volume, prompting the postal service to look to other sources of revenue while cutting costs to reduce its budget deficit. In the early years of the North American colonies, many attempts were made to initiate a postal service.
These early attempts were of small scale and involved a colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony for example, setting up a location in Boston where one could post a letter back home to England. Other attempts focused on a dedicated postal service between two of the larger colonies, such as Massachusetts and Virginia, but the available services remained limited in scope and disjointed for many years. For example, informal independently-run postal routes operated in Boston as early as 1639, with a Boston to New York City service starting in 1672. A central postal organization came to the colonies in 1691, when Thomas Neale received a 21-year grant from the British Crown for a North American Postal Service. On February 17, 1691, a grant of letters patent from the joint sovereigns, William III and Mary II, empowered him: to erect and establish within the chief parts of their majesties' colonies and plantations in America, an office or offices for receiving and dispatching letters and pacquets, to receive and deliver the same under such rates and sums of money as the planters shall agree to give, to hold and enjoy the same for the term of twenty-one years.
The patent included the exclusive right to establish and collect a formal postal tax on official documents of all kinds. The tax was repealed a year later. Neale appointed Governor of New Jersey, as his deputy postmaster; the first postal service in America commenced in February 1692. Rates of postage were fixed and authorized, measures were taken to establish a post office in each town in Virginia. Massachusetts and the other colonies soon passed postal laws, a imperfect post office system was established. Neale's patent expired in 1710; the chief office was established in New York City, where letters were conveyed by regular packets across the Atlantic. Before the Revolution, there was only a trickle of business or governmental correspondence between the colonies. Most of the mail went forth to counting houses and government offices in London; the revolution made Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress, the information hub of the new nation. News, new laws, political intelligence, military orders circulated with a new urgency, a postal system was necessary.
Journalists took the lead, securing post office legislation that allowed them to reach their subscribers at low cost, to exchange news from newspapers between the thirteen states. Overthrowing the London-oriented imperial postal service in 1774–1775, printers enlisted merchants and the new political leadership, created a new postal system; the United States Post Office was created on July 26, 1775, by decree of the Second Continental Congress. Benjamin Franklin headed it briefly. Before the Revolution, individuals like Benjamin Franklin and William Goddard were the colonial postmasters who managed the mails and were the general architects of a postal system that started out as an alternative to the Crown Post; the official post office was created in 1792 as the Post Office Department. It was based on the Constitutional authority empowering Congress "To establish post offices and post roads"; the 1792 law provided for a expanded postal network, served editors by charging newspapers an low rate.
The law guaranteed the sanctity of personal correspondence, provided the entire country with low-cost access to information on public affairs, while establishing a right to personal privacy. Rufus Easton was appointed by Thomas Jefferson first postmaster of St. Louis under the recommendation of Postmaster General Gideon Granger. Rufus Easton was the first postmaster and built the first post office west o