University of Bolton Stadium
University of Bolton Stadium is the home stadium of English Championship club Bolton Wanderers, is located on the Middlebrook Retail Park, Horwich in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester. From its opening in 1997 until 2014, the stadium was named "Reebok Stadium", after long-term club sponsors Reebok. However, after Bolton Wanderers signed an initial four-year naming rights and kit deal with Italy's Macron sportswear company, the stadium name was changed to reflect the new deal, it was renamed the University of Bolton Stadium in August 2018. A hotel forms part of the stadium's construction and some of the rooms offer views of the pitch; the hotel was operated by the De Vere Group until August 2013, when the club assumed ownership and renamed it the "Bolton Whites Hotel". University of Bolton Stadium is a all-seater stadium with a capacity of 29,000 and was completed in 1997, replacing the club's old ground, Burnden Park; the lead consultant/architect of the project was Lobb Sports, while local firm Bradshaw Gass & Hope acted as planning supervisors and quantity surveyors, the contractor was Birse Construction, Deakin Callard & Partners provided structural engineering services.
The value of the contract was £25 million. The stadium is noted for its distinct gabled architecture, first pioneered by the John Smith's Stadium; the upper-tier corners do not have seating due to concerns of safety access. The stadium was opened in 1997 by John Prescott, a Labour Party politician, the Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time; the stadium consists of four stands: The Carrs Pasties Stand at one end. When the stadium was named after long-time team sponsor Reebok in 1997, fans considered the title impersonal and believed that too much emphasis was being placed on financial considerations; this opposition lessened after the stadium was built, as fans grew accustomed to the name and were bolstered by Reebok's status as a local company. The Macron title was applied in July 2014 after the Bolton Wanderers club finalised a partnership with the large Italian sportswear brand. In April 2014, club chairman Phil Gartside stated that he was "proud" to be associated with Macron and had "been impressed with their passion for football".
A four-year duration was negotiated for the Macron deal and the club had the option to extend at completion. When the deal with Macron came to an end in August 2018 the stadium was again renamed, this time as the University of Bolton Stadium; the first competitive – and Premier League – match at the stadium was a 0–0 draw between Bolton and Everton on Monday 1 September 1997. Bolton's Gerry Taggart had a header that crossed the line wrongly ruled out, the points it would have won would have saved Bolton from relegation at Everton's expense; the first player to score at the stadium was Alan Thompson, a penalty in the 1–1 draw against Tottenham Hotspur, on 23 September. Chris Armstrong, who in his career had a short spell with Wanderers, got the equaliser. On 6 September 2002, it hosted its first international, a friendly between England under-21 and Yugoslavia under-21, it ended in a 1–1 draw with 10,531 in attendance. Visitor Danko Lazović scored Shaun Wright-Phillips equalised. Lokomotiv Plovdiv were the visitors in the first UEFA Cup match at the stadium, on 15 September 2005.
Boban Janchevski scored first for the visitors, but late goals from El Hadji Diouf and Jared Borgetti secured a 2–1 home victory in the first competitive European match in Bolton's history. In addition to hosting football games, the stadium offers other services, such as a hotel and function rooms; the stadium has been used to host concerts by famous acts such as Oasis, Elton John, The Killers & Little Mix. Footage from the Coldplay concert was used in the video for the single, "Fix You", which shows lead singer Chris Martin entering the stage as the song reaches its climax; the stadium hosted the UK Open Darts Championship, boxing matches with local boxer Amir Khan and 16 April 2011 when it hosted its first rugby union match when Sale Sharks lost to London Irish. Every November until 2012, the Reebok Stadium hosted Kidz up North, one of the largest free UK exhibitions dedicated to children with disabilities and special needs, their parents and professionals who work with them; the venue's Premier Suite is home to the UK's leading amateur mixed martial arts event, Full Contact Contender.
As of 16 March 2013 The Reebok has played host to three Full Contact Contender events. The stadium has hosted six rugby league matches; the results were. In 2014 the club established Bolton Wanderers Free School at the stadium, it was related courses for 16 - to 19-year-olds. The centre utilised the facilities of the stadium for most of its learning. Record attendance: 28,353 v Leicester City, 28 December 2003 Lowest attendance for a competitive match: 1,540 v Everton U23s, 30 August 2016 Football League Trophy, Northern Group Stage, Game One Lowest Premier League attendance: 17,014 v Derby County, 2 January 2008 Record UEFA Cup attendance: 26,163 v Atlético Madrid, 14 February 2008 Last 32 1st leg Record FA Cup attendance: 23,523 v Arsenal, 12 March 2005 quarter finals Record League Cup Attendance: 18,037 v Tottenham Hotspur, 27 October 2004 3rd round The stadium's West Stand lies about 200 metres from Horwic
Professional Footballers' Association
The Professional Footballers' Association is the trade union for professional association footballers in England and Wales. The world's oldest professional sport trade union, it has 4,000 members; the aims of the PFA are to protect and negotiate the conditions and status of all professional players by collective bargaining agreements. The PFA is affiliated with the Professional Footballers' Association Scotland; the Northern Ireland PFA disbanded in 1995. The PFA was formed on 2 December 1907 as the Association of Football Players' and Trainers' Union. On that date, Charlie Roberts and Billy Meredith, both of Manchester United, convened the Players' Union at Manchester’s Imperial Hotel; this was the second attempt to organise a union of professional footballers in England, after the Association Footballers' Union, formed in 1898, had been dissolved in 1901. The AFU had failed in its objectives of bringing about a relaxation of the restrictions on the movement of players from one club to another in the Football League and preventing the introduction of a maximum wage of £4 per week for players in the Football League.
Like the AFU before it, the Players' Union intended to challenge the maximum wage and the restriction on transfers, in the form of the "retain and transfer" system. When the Players' Union made its objectives clear in 1909, the Football Association withdrew its recognition of the Union, which at that time was seeking to join the U. K.'s General Federation of Trade Unions. In response, the Union threatened strike action; the Football Association in turn banned players affiliated with the AFPTU before the start of the 1909–10 season. The ban saw membership of the Union fall. However, players from Manchester United refused to relinquish their membership. League clubs turned to amateur players to replace players, banned, but Manchester United were not able to find enough replacements, risking the cancellation of their opening fixture at home to Bradford City; the Manchester United players were called "Outcasts FC". The deadlock swung in favour of the Union when Tim Coleman of Everton came out in support of the Union.
Coleman's intervention resuscitated support for the Union. Agreement was reached on official recognition for the Union in exchange for allowing bonus payments to be made to players to supplement the maximum wage; the maximum wage remained for more than another half century. The 1910s saw the Union backing a challenge by Herbert Kingaby against the retain and transfer system in the courts. Kingaby brought legal proceedings against his former employers, Aston Villa, for preventing him from playing; the Players' Union funded the proceedings. Erroneous strategy by Kingaby's counsel resulted in the suit ending disastrously for the Union; the Union were ruined financially and membership fell drastically. Although membership increased from 300 in 1915 to well over 1000 by 1920 this did not herald a new era of radicalism among the rank-and-file. Widespread unemployment heralded declines in attendance at Football League matches at a time when many clubs had, once again, committed themselves to expensive ground improvement programmes in the expectation that the post-war spectator boom would continue indefinitely.
This caused financial difficulties at many clubs. Clubs believed. In the spring of 1922, they persuaded the League authorities to arbitrarily impose a £1 cut to the maximum wage and force clubs to reduce the wages of players who were on less than the maximum. Legal proceedings backed by the Players' Union this time established that clubs could not unilaterally impose a cut in players' contracted wages. Between 1946 and 1957 the Chairman of the Union was former Portsmouth captain Jimmy Guthrie, his book Soccer Rebel, published in 1976, documents his chairmanship and the struggle of the Union to improve the lot of professional footballers in the years preceding the abolition of the maximum wage. In 1955, the union affiliated to the Trades Union Congress. In 1956, Jimmy Hill became secretary of the Players' Union, he soon changed the union's name to the Professional Footballers' Association, changing a blue collar image to one in keeping with the new wave of working-class actors and entertainers.
In 1957, Jimmy Hill became chairman of the PFA and campaigned to have the Football League's £20 maximum wage scrapped, which he achieved in January 1961. His Fulham teammate Johnny Haynes became the first £100 player; the PFA backed George Eastham in his legal action against the retain and transfer system, providing him with £15,000 to pay for his legal fees. The case was brought against Newcastle United, in the High Court. In 1963, The Court held that the transfer system was an unreasonable restraint of trade. From 1960, the union began representing trainers, for a time was known as the "Professional Footballers' and Trainers' Association"; the union decided to register under the Industrial Relations Act something the TUC opposed. As a result, it left the TUC in 1973 rejoining in 1995. In 1997 some Sheffield United players invited their agent, Rachel Anderson, to the annual awards dinner. Anderson was turned away by PFA Deputy Chief Executive Brendon Batson because she is a woman; the following year, when West Ham United F.
C. player Julian Dicks invited Anderson to attend the dinner, Anderson contacted the PFA to find out what their reaction would be. On receiving a response that she would indeed be banned Anderson decided to go public and take the PFA to court; as a result, the Ministe
Arthur Bowden Askey, CBE was an English comedian and actor. Askey's humour owed much to the playfulness of the characters he portrayed, his improvisation, his use of catchphrases, which included "Hello playmates!", "I thank you", "Before your eyes". Askey was born at 29 Moses Street, Liverpool, the eldest child and only son of Samuel Askey, company secretary of Sugar Products of Liverpool, his wife, Betsy Bowden, of Knutsford, Cheshire. Six months after his birth the family moved to Liverpool, it was here that a sister, Irene Dorothy, was born in 1908. Askey was educated at the Liverpool Institute for Boys, he was small in stature at 5' 2", with a breezy, smiling personality, wore distinctive horn-rimmed glasses. Askey performed in army entertainments. After working as a clerk for Liverpool Corporation, Education Department, he was in a touring concert party and the music halls, but he rose to stardom in 1938 through his role in the first regular radio comedy series, Band Waggon on the BBC. Band Waggon began as a variety show, but had been unsuccessful until Askey and his partner, Richard Murdoch, took on a larger role in the writing.
During the broadcasting of Band Waggon they attempted to advertise a scouring powder with the chant of "Askeytoff will take it off" with the result that an announcer came on and shut the show down as advertising was prohibited on the BBC. During the Second World War Askey starred in several Gainsborough Pictures comedy films, including Band Waggon, based on the radio show, his last film was Rosie Dixon - starring Debbie Ash. In the early 1930s Askey appeared on an early form of BBC television—the spinning disc invented by John Logie Baird that scanned vertically and had only thirty lines. Askey had to be made up for his face to be recognisable at such low resolution; when television became electronic, with 405 horizontal lines, Askey was a regular performer in variety shows. When television returned after World War II, his first TV series was Before Your Very Eyes!, named after his catchphrase. On 3 May 1956 Askey presented Meet The People, a launch night programme for Granada Television. In 1957 writers Sid Colin and Talbot Rothwell revived the Band Waggon format for Living It Up, a series that reunited Askey and Murdoch after 18 years.
He continued to appear on television in the 1970s, such as being a panellist on the ITV talent show New Faces, where his sympathetic comments would offset the harsher judgments of fellow judges Tony Hatch and Mickie Most. He appeared on the comedy panel game Jokers Wild, he made many TV appearances including BBC TV's long running show, The Good Old Days. During the 1950s and 60s, he appeared in many sitcoms, including Love and Kisses, Arthur's Treasured Volumes and The Arthur Askey Show, he was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions, in December 1959 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews, in December 1974, when Andrews, dressed as Humpty Dumpty, surprised him on a television show while discussing the art of pantomime. Askey appeared in the West End musical Follow the Girls, he made many stage appearances as a pantomime dame. Askey's recording career included "The Bee Song", an integral part of his stage and television act for many years, "The Thing-Ummy Bob" and his theme tune, "Big-Hearted Arthur".
In 1941 a song he intended to record, "It's Really Nice to See You Mr Hess", was banned by the War Office. A collection of Askey's wartime recordings appear on the CD album Band Waggon/Big Hearted Arthur Goes To War. Private Eye magazine in the 1970s made the comment that he and the Queen Mother had "never been seen in the same room together", referring to the fact that they were about the same age and height and suggesting that the Queen Mother was Askey in drag. Askey was awarded the OBE in 1969 and the CBE in 1981. Askey was married to Elizabeth May Swash in 1925 until her death in 1974. Askey carried on working on his comedy career until just before he was hospitalised in July 1982 due to poor circulation which resulted in gangrene and the amputation of both legs, he is buried in Putney Vale Cemetery. Radio comedy Cinema of the United Kingdom List of British actors and actresses Arthur Askey. Before Your Very Eyes ISBN 0-7130-0134-8 Kurt Ganzl; the Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre pp. 75 ISBN 0-02-864970-2 Murphy, Robert..
British Cinema and the Second World War. A&C Black Arthur Askey Britmovie British movie community Arthur Askey BFI The Radio Academy – Hall of Fame: Arthur Askey Arthur Askey's appearance on This Is Your Life TV Greats: Arthur Askey Star Archive: Arthur Askey Arthur Askey on IMDb Askey and Band Waggon audiobook CD at CD41
A Kind of Loving (film)
A Kind of Loving is a 1962 British drama film directed by John Schlesinger, based on the 1960 novel of the same name by Stan Barstow. It stars Alan June Ritchie as two lovers in early 1960s Lancashire; the photography was by Denys Coop, the music by Ron Grainer. Filming locations included the towns of Preston, Bolton, Manchester, Radcliffe and St Anne's-on-sea in the northwest of England; the film belongs to the British New Wave movement in film, the related genre known as "kitchen sink drama". The novel was turned into a 1982 television series A Kind of Loving. Victor'Vic' Brown is a draughtsman in a Manchester factory who sleeps with a typist called Ingrid Rothwell who works there, she falls for him but he is less enamoured of her. When he learns he has made her pregnant Vic proposes marriage and the couple move in with Ingrid's protective, domineering mother, Mrs Rothwell, who disapproves of the match. Ingrid has a miscarriage, Vic has comes home drunk; the couple consider the possibility of making do with'a kind of loving'.
Alan Bates as Victor Arthur'Vic' Brown Thora Hird as Mrs. Rothwell June Ritchie as Ingrid Rothwell Bert Palmer as Mr. Geoffrey Brown Pat Keen as Christine Harris James Bolam as Jeff Jack Smethurst as Conroy Gwen Nelson as Mrs. Brown John Ronane as Draughtsman David Mahlowe as David Harris Patsy Rowlands as Dorothy Michael Deacon as Les Annette Robertson as Phoebe Fred Ferris as Althorpe Leonard Rossiter as Whymper Malcolm Patton as Jim Brown Harry Markham as Railwayman Peter Madden as Registrar David Cook as Draughtsman Joe Gladwin as Bus Conductor Norman Heyes as Laisterdyke Bryan Mosley as Bus Conductor Kathy Staff as Mrs Oliphant It was the sixth most popular film at the British box office in 1962; the film won the Golden Bear award at the 12th Berlin International Film Festival in 1962. A Kind of Loving on IMDb A Kind of Loving at AllMovie A Kind of Loving at BritMovie
Subway is an American held fast food restaurant franchise that sells submarine sandwiches and salads. Subway is one of the fastest-growing franchises in the world and, as of June 2017, had 42,000 stores located in more than 100 countries. More than half of the stores are located in the United States, it is the largest single-brand restaurant chain, the largest restaurant operator, in the world. As of 2017, the Subway Group of companies was organized as follows: Subway IP Inc. is the owner of the intellectual property for the restaurant system. Franchise World Headquarters, LLC leads franchising operations. FWH Technologies, LLC licenses Subway's point of sale software. Franchisors include Doctor's Associates Inc. in the U. S.. V.. Advertising affiliates include Subway Franchisee Advertising Fund Trust, Ltd.. V.. Subway's international headquarters are in Milford, with five regional centers supporting the company's international operations; the regional offices for European franchises are located in Amsterdam.
In 1965, Fred DeLuca borrowed $1,000 from friend Peter Buck to start "Pete's Super Submarines" in Bridgeport, in the following year, they formed Doctor's Associates Inc. to oversee operations of the restaurants as the franchise expanded. The holding company derives its name from DeLuca's goal to earn enough from the business to pay tuition for medical school, as well as Buck's having a doctorate in physics. Doctor's Associates is not affiliated with, any medical organization. In 1968, the sandwich shop was renamed "Subway"; the first Subway on the West Coast was opened in Fresno, California, in 1978. The first Subway outside of North America opened in Bahrain in December 1984; the first Subway in the United Kingdom was opened in Brighton in 1996. In 2004, Subway began opening stores in Walmart supercenters and surpassed the number of McDonald's locations inside U. S. Walmart stores in 2007. Since 2007, Subway has ranked in Entrepreneur magazine's Top 500 Franchises list. In 2015, it ranked #3 on the "Top Global Franchises" list and #1 as the "Fastest Growing Franchise".
At the end of 2010, Subway became the largest fast food chain worldwide, with 33,749 restaurants – 1,012 more than McDonald's. In January 2015, Suzanne Greco became president and CEO after her brother Fred DeLuca, the company’s first CEO, died of leukemia in September 2015 after being ill for two years. In 2016, Subway closed hundreds of restaurants in the U. S. experiencing a net loss in locations for the first time. However, with 26,744 locations, it remained the most ubiquitous restaurant chain in the U. S.. In 2016, Subway announced a new logo for the franchise, to be implemented in 2017. On July 17, 2017, Subway unveiled redesigned restaurants, dubbed "Fresh Forward." Features include self-order kiosks. The company is piloting the changes at 12 locations across the United States and the United Kingdom, with many features expected to be implemented into stores worldwide by the end of 2017. In 2017, the chain closed more than 800 of its U. S. locations. In April 2018, the chain announced. According Abha Bhattarai of The Washington Post, this is a result of three consecutive years of falling profits, foot traffic in Subway stores reduced by 25 percent since 2012.
Franchisees complained that the company's deep promotions further ate away at profits. Industry analysts like Bob Phibbs, chief executive of the New York-based consulting firm Retail Doctor, say changing tastes on the part of consumers, who more prefer locally sourced produce and hormone-free meat served by regional start-ups like Sweetgreen in metropolitan areas, are the cause of the drop in Subway's sales, as well as loss of market share to competitors; these include fast-casual eateries and sandwich shops like Panera Bread, Au Bon Pain and Firehouse Subs, as well as food trucks, grocery stores that offer freshly made meals at competitive prices. In January 2018, Subway invested $25 million in a re-branding campaign targeted at young consumers in order to revitalize its image and boost sales; as of June 2017, Subway had 44,000 stores worldwide, all independently owned. Located in 112 countries; these locations are concentrated in North America, with about 26,400 in the United States, as many U.
S. locations as McDonald’s and Starbucks combined. Outside North America, the countries with the most locations are Australia and the United Kingdom. Subway's core product is the submarine sandwich. In addition to these, the chain sells wraps, salad and baked goods. Subway's best-selling sandwich, the B. M. T. Contains pepperoni and ham; the name stood for Brooklyn Manhattan Transit, but now stands for "Biggest, Tastiest". Subway sells breakfast sandwiches, English muffins, flatbread. In 2006, "personal pizzas" debuted in some US markets; these are heated for 85 seconds. Breakfast and pizza items are only available in some stores. In November 2009
Romanichal Travellers Romnichals, Rumnichals or Rumneys are a Romani sub-group in the United Kingdom and other parts of the English-speaking world. Romanichal Travellers are thought to have arrived in England in the 16th century, they are closely related to the Welsh Kale, Scottish Lowland Travellers, Finnish Kale as well the Norwegian & Swedish Romanisæl Travellers. The word "Romanichal" is derived from Romani chal, where chal is Angloromani for "fellow". Romanichal Travellers are found on the island of Great Britain, with nearly all living in England, as well as communities of Romanichal Travellers existing in Southern Wales and the Scottish Borders; the Romanichal diaspora emigrated from Great Britain to other parts of the English-speaking world. Based on some estimates, there are now more people of Romanichal descent in the United States than in Britain, they are found in smaller numbers in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. There exists a small Romanichal community in Malta who are descended from British Romanichal migrants who moved there during colonial times.
In Great Britain, there is a sharp North-South divide between Romanichal Travellers. Southern Romanichal Travellers speak with the Southern Angloromani dialect and accent, whilst Northern Romanichal Travellers speak with the Northern Angloromani dialect and accent; the main difference between Northern Romanichal and Southern Romanichal is their accent and slight differences vocabulary within the two dialects. The culture is the same although due to differences in accents and vocabulary, two regional Romanichal identities have formed; the Romani people in England are thought to have spoken the Romani language until the 19th century, when it was replaced by English and Angloromani, a creole language that combines the syntax and grammar of English with the Romani lexicon. All Romanichals speak English. There are two dialects of Southern Angloromani and Northern Angloromani; these two dialects along with the accents that accompany them have led to two regional Romanichal Traveller identities forming, these being the Southern Romanichal identity and the Northern Romanichal Traveller identity.
Many Angloromani words have been incorporated into English in the form of British slang. The Romani people have origins in India Rajasthan and began migrating westwards from the 11th century; the first groups of Romani people arrived in Great Britain by the end of the 16th century, escaping conflicts in Southeastern Europe. In 1506 there are recorded Romani persons in Scotland, arrived from Spain and to England in 1512. Soon the leadership passed laws aimed at stopping the Romani immigration and at the assimilation of those present. During the reign of Henry VIII, the Egyptians Act banned Romanies from entering the country and required those living in the country to leave within 16 days. Failure to do so could result in confiscation of property and deportation. During the reign of Mary I the act was amended with the Egyptians Act, which removed the threat of punishment to Romanies if they abandoned their "naughty and ungodly life and company" and adopted a settled lifestyle, but it increased the penalty for noncompliance to death.
In 1562 a new law offered Romanies born in England and Wales the possibility of becoming English subjects if they assimilated into the local population. Despite persecution and this new option, the Romani were forced into a marginal lifestyle and subjected to continuous discrimination from the state authorities and many non-Romanies. In 1596, 106 men and women were condemned to death at York just for being Romani, nine were executed. Samuel Rid authored two early works about them in the early 17th century. From the 1780s the anti-Romani laws were repealed, although not all; the identity of the Romanichals was formed between the years 1660 and 1800, as a Romani group living in Britain. England began to deport Romanichals as early as 1544, principally to Norway, a process, continued and encouraged by Elizabeth I and James I; the Finnish Kale, a Romani group in Finland, maintain that their ancestors had been a Romani group who travelled from Scotland, thereby supporting the idea that they and the Scandinavian Travellers/Romani are distantly related to present-day Scottish Romani and English Romanichals.
In 1603 an Order in Council was made for the transportation of Romanichal to Newfoundland, the West Indies, France and the Low Countries. Other European countries forced the further transport of the Romani of Britain to the Americas. Many times those deported in this manner did not survive as an ethnic group, because of the separations after the round up, the sea passage and the subsequent settlement as slaves, all destroying their social fabric. At the same time, voluntary emigration began to the English overseas possessions. Romani groups which survived continued the expression of the Romani culture there. In the years following the American War of Independence, Australia was the preferred destination for Romanichal transportation, due to its use as a penal colony; the exact number of British Romani deported to Australia is unknown. It has been suggested that three Romanichal were present on the First Fleet, one of whom was thought to be James Squire who founded Australia's first commercial brewery in 1798, whose grandson James Far
Middlebrook, Greater Manchester
Middlebrook is a locality that spans the boundaries of Horwich and Lostock in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. A part of Lancashire, the name Middlebrook is derived from the watercourse which starts at Red Moss, the mossland south of Horwich. Further downstream the Middlebrook joins with other tributaries and becomes the River Croal which runs through Bolton and joins the River Irwell at Kearsley. Middlebrook is an out of town complex of retail and business parks and location of the University of Bolton Stadium, home of Bolton Wanderers F. C. and Horwich Police Station. The name Middlebrook comes from the Old English words "mycel" and "broc" meaning "great brook". In 1292, the name was written "Mikelbrok" and over the centuries it became Middlebrook. Before the retail and business parks were built Middlebrook was the site of Sefton Fold Farm in Horwich; the old timber framed farmhouse with sandstone flag roof as could have been seen latterly would seem to have dated from the 16th century with many intervening changes.
The floor plan would indicate a three bay farmhouse or hall: the latter access being a'baffle' entry facing the central chimney stack. A cellar appears to have been located under the northern service bay and GMAU investigations would infer that this used to be occupied by a small water wheel That would infer that a stream ran under the house at this point. A well existed nearby in the yard but any evidence of a stream latterly had become obscured. Something of a rebuild appears to have happened around 1666 and was refaced or altered in 1811, as evidenced by the semi circular datestone over the adjacent cottage which dates from 1811. However, an earlier late Georgian brick wing was added before that date, the bricks having been locally'clamped'; the old bay closest to the'new wing' as described had had its wattle and daub removed and replaced with brick. The middle bay and end bay together with the north gable had been rebuilt in'watershot' squared and coursed gritstone rubble, although when that happened is not clear, because the stone of the adjacent 1811 cottage was constructed from thinner, flaggy sandstone and not watershot.
The rear of the range was extended, evidently in the 19th century, from random sandstone rubble walling under a full'catslide' stone flag roof, this extension had a floor over creating a loft: this loft was accessed from the first floor and was lain with compressed straw and other material. Floorboards upstairs in the main range were butt wide, of random size; the floor over the'housebody' was a much addition to the original, being supported off separate beams running parallel to the long walls and resting on inserted brackets or'corbels'. The mortises and pegholes to the former arch bracing to the central house frame could still be seen, identifying that this part of the house was originally double height, or at least, the floor was set much higher than latterly, rendering the upper floor of poor usage. There is the presence of a vestige of a wattle and daub'fire hood', a forerunner of a brick chimney stack; the opening to one side of the chimney stack upstairs was blocked up economically in brick on edge, the bricks were machine pressed with'frogs' and bore the text'Yates Plastic Horwich'.
Much of the original timber framing remained within the rear'outshut' including a former unglazed window complete with Oak stave mullions. The timber framing was set upon a high sandstone plinth, the same remained on the main frontage under the brick infill to the'parlour' bay; the complete wallplate remained over the rebuilt main east facade and exhibited all the original mortises and peg holes from the original framing, so a reasonable guess could be made at the appearance of the building. The timbers in the'outshut' were all reused and exhibited peg holes and carpenters' marks. There is a case for supposing that these were taken from the timbers replaced by the stonework, one beam in particular hinted at coming from the old north gable truss chord, due to its size and moulding. Other evidence in the timbers points at herringbone patterning within the framing, which would reflect the regional trend for such decoration.. Before demolition in 1996, the University of Manchester's Archaeological Unit spent three weeks on the Sefton Fold Farm site.
The team excavated a moated site of late medieval origins and pottery believed to date from the late 16th or early 17th centuries was found. When development started, the site was covered by a roundabout; the farmhouse's 1666/1811 date stone, 1860s cooking range and other items were saved and can be seen at the Heritage Centre in Horwich. Emerson Group began developing the two hundred acre Middlebrook retail and business complex started in 1996, the first businesses were operating from the site in 1998; the out of town retail centre, contains retail shops and stores, a twelve screen cinema, ten-pin bowling alley, cafés and restaurants, two hotels, the Bolton Arena Sports & Leisure Complex. Horwich Police Station is located on Burnden Way at the Middlebrook site. At the centre of the site is the University of Bolton Stadium, home of Bolton Wanderers F. C., inaugurated on 1 September 1997, when the first game between Bolt