The Edwards Plateau is a region of west-central Texas, bounded by the Balcones Fault to the south and east, the Llano Uplift and the Llano Estacado to the north, the Pecos River and Chihuahuan Desert to the west. San Angelo, San Antonio and Del Rio outline the area; the eastern portion of the plateau is known as the Texas Hill Country. According to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, the following 41 counties comprise the Edwards Plateau: The bedrock consists of limestone, with elevations ranging between 100 and 3000 ft. Caves are numerous; the landscape of the plateau is savanna scattered with trees. It lacks deep soil suitable for farming, though the soil is fertile mollisols and some cotton, grain sorghum, oats are grown. For the most part, the thin soil and rough terrain areas are grazing regions, with cattle and Angora goats predominant. Several rivers cross the region, which flow to the south and east through the Texas Hill Country toward the Gulf of Mexico; the area is well drained.
Rainfall varies from 15 to 33 inches per year, on average, from northwest to southeast, the area has a moderate temperature and a reasonably long growing season. Trees of the savanna include juniper and oak species scattered over grasses, a vegetation type shaped by droughts and regular fires; some pecan trees are found near the rivers. The Balcones Fault is associated with the Edwards Plateau formation; this fault line is an ecological demarcation for the range definition of a number of species. Caves of the Edwards Plateau are important habitats for a great deal of wildlife; the area is home to some of the largest colonies of bats in the world, including millions of Mexican free-tailed bats. The largest colony of these inhabits Bracken Cave near San Antonio, while the Congress Avenue Bridge in Austin is the summer home for over half a million and is the largest bat colony anywhere in an urban area; the Edwards Plateau is home to at least 14 endemic freshwater fishes, including two subterranean species of catfish and 13 fish species considered to be spring-associated.
Mechanisms for spring association of fishes is not understood, but thought to mediated by water temperature. The large numbers of reptiles and birds include breeding populations of the Texan endemic golden-cheeked warbler. Nearly all the natural habitat of the plateau has been converted to ranchland, farmland, or urban areas, such as Austin and San Antonio, with only about 2% remaining in scattered fragments to the east of the plateau. Further alteration to the savanna has incurred though the encroachment of shrubs now that grassland fires are controlled. Small areas of intact habitat remain around Austin, where areas are protected, such as the Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge. Another important area for wildlife is Fort Hood military base. Earliest human settlement of this area was by Native Americans. First it was used and wandered about by Jumano and Coahuiltecan groups the Apacheria extended into the Southern Plains by the forerunners of the Lipan and Mescalero Apaches. After the expulsion of the Apachean groups from the Plains by the Comanche, this area was dominated by the Penateka band of the Southern Comanche.
Texas Hill Country Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge Colorado River Mount Bonnell List of ecoregions in the United States Johnson, E. H.. "Edwards Plateau". TSHA Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. "Plateaus and Canyonlands". Texas Beyond History. University of Texas at Austin. Texas counties map showing the ecoregion
Llano County, Texas
Llano County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,301, its county seat is Llano, the county is named for the Llano River. During the American Civil War, the county was on the frontier, Llano county's soldiers spent more time defending against Indian attacks they did worrying about invading Yankees. In 1869, pioneer rancher John Wesley Snyder led a cattle drive from Llano County along the Chisholm Trail to Abilene, Kansas. In the 1870s, a pioneer community known as Baby Head existed in Llano County. According to local legend, a small child was killed by Native Americans, her remains were left on a hill called Baby Head Mountain. Jodie May McKneely originated the Baby Head Cemetery; the pioneer town no longer exists. However, the cemetery still is still accepting the dead. Peaceful Tonkawa tribe first inhabitants 1842 April 20 - Adelsverein Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside three million acres to settle 600 families and single men of German, Swiss, Danish and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.
1844, June 26 - Henry Francis Fisher sells interest in land grant to Adelsverein 1845 December 20 - Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein. 1847 Meusebach–Comanche Treaty Bettina commune, last Adelsverein community in Texas, is established by a group of free thinking intellectuals, named after German liberal Bettina Brentano von Arnim. The community fails within a year due to lack of conflict of authority. 1852 Settlers at Tow and Bluffton on the Colorado River. 1854 May 14–15, The Texas State Convention of Germans meet in San Antonio and adopt a political and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work. Biesele, R. L.. "The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854". Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Denton, TX: Texas State Historical Association. 33: 247–261. 1860 Population 1,101 - 21 slaveholders, 54 slaves 1862 One hundred Llano County volunteers join Major John George Walker Division of the Confederate States Army. 1864, April - A cavalry company is formed in Llano County under Captain Brazeal to defend the area from Indian attacks.
It served under Brig. Gen. John David McAdoo until the war's end, when it disbanded in June 1865. 1873, August 4 - Packsaddle Mountain becomes the site of the region’s last battle with the Indians. The county's farming economy begins to grow. 1892, June 7 - Llano branch of Austin and Northwestern Railroad arrives 1893 Completion of County Courthouse, designed by Austin architect A O Watson 1895 Llano County Jail erected by the Pauly Jail Building and Manufacturing Company of St Louis, MO 1900 Frank Teich establishes the Teich Monument Works 1901 Llano Women's Literary Society organized - 16 charter members 1901 The Victorian style Antlers Hotel, a railroad resort in Kingsland, opened for business. Count Castell of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize 200 families on the Fisher–Miller Land Grant in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves.
The colonies attempted were Castell, Bettina and Meerholz in Llano County. Of these, only Castell survives; the colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others returned to Germany. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 966 square miles, of which 934 square miles are land and 32 square miles are covered by water. Enchanted Rock, a designated state natural area and popular tourist destination, is located in southern Llano county. Two significant rivers, the Llano and the Colorado, flow through Llano County; these rivers contribute to Lake Buchanan, Inks Lake, Lake Lyndon B. Johnson, which are all located within the county. State Highway 16 State Highway 29 State Highway 71 State Highway 261 San Saba County Burnet County Blanco County Gillespie County Mason County As of the 2000 census, 17,044 people, 7,879 households, 5,365 families resided in the county.
The population density was 18 people per square mile. There were 11,829 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.27% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. About 5.13% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. Of the 7,879 households, 16.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.90% were not families. About 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.56. In the county, the population was distributed as 15.90% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 18.40% from 25 to 44, 30.50% from 45 to 64, 30.70% who were 65
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, it was the longest and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline; the Great Depression started in the United States after a major fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929, became worldwide news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929. Between 1929 and 1932, worldwide gross domestic product fell by an estimated 15%. By comparison, worldwide GDP fell by less than 1% from 2008 to 2009 during the Great Recession; some economies started to recover by the mid-1930s. However, in many countries the negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until the beginning of World War II; the Great Depression had devastating effects in countries both poor. Personal income, tax revenue and prices dropped, while international trade plunged by more than 50%.
Unemployment in the U. S. rose to 25% and in some countries rose as high as 33%. Cities around the world were hit hard those dependent on heavy industry. Construction was halted in many countries. Farming communities and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by about 60%. Facing plummeting demand with few alternative sources of jobs, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as mining and logging suffered the most. Economic historians attribute the start of the Great Depression to the sudden devastating collapse of U. S. stock market prices on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. However, some dispute this conclusion and see the stock crash as a symptom, rather than a cause, of the Great Depression. After the Wall Street Crash of 1929 optimism persisted for some time. John D. Rockefeller said "These are days. In the 93 years of my life, depressions have gone. Prosperity has always returned and will again." The stock market turned upward in early 1930. This was still 30% below the peak of September 1929.
Together and business spent more in the first half of 1930 than in the corresponding period of the previous year. On the other hand, many of whom had suffered severe losses in the stock market the previous year, cut back their expenditures by 10%. In addition, beginning in the mid-1930s, a severe drought ravaged the agricultural heartland of the U. S. By mid-1930, interest rates had dropped to low levels, but expected deflation and the continuing reluctance of people to borrow meant that consumer spending and investment were depressed. By May 1930, automobile sales had declined to below the levels of 1928. Prices in general began to decline, although wages held steady in 1930. A deflationary spiral started in 1931. Farmers faced a worse outlook. At its peak, the Great Depression saw nearly 10% of all Great Plains farms change hands despite federal assistance; the decline in the U. S. economy was the factor. Frantic attempts to shore up the economies of individual nations through protectionist policies, such as the 1930 U.
S. Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act and retaliatory tariffs in other countries, exacerbated the collapse in global trade. By 1933, the economic decline had pushed world trade to one-third of its level just four years earlier. Change in economic indicators 1929–32 The two classical competing theories of the Great Depression are the Keynesian and the monetarist explanation. There are various heterodox theories that downplay or reject the explanations of the Keynesians and monetarists; the consensus among demand-driven theories is that a large-scale loss of confidence led to a sudden reduction in consumption and investment spending. Once panic and deflation set in, many people believed they could avoid further losses by keeping clear of the markets. Holding money became profitable as prices dropped lower and a given amount of money bought more goods, exacerbating the drop in demand. Monetarists believe that the Great Depression started as an ordinary recession, but the shrinking of the money supply exacerbated the economic situation, causing a recession to descend into the Great Depression.
Economists and economic historians are evenly split as to whether the traditional monetary explanation that monetary forces were the primary cause of the Great Depression is right, or the traditional Keynesian explanation that a fall in autonomous spending investment, is the primary explanation for the onset of the Great Depression. Today the controversy is of lesser importance since there is mainstream support for the debt deflation theory and the expectations hypothesis that building on the monetary explanation of Milton Friedman and Anna Schwartz add non-monetary explanations. There is consensus that the Federal Reserve System should have cut short the process of monetary deflation and banking collapse. If they had done this, the economic downturn would have been much shorter. British economist John Maynard Keynes argued in The General Theory of Employment and Money that lower aggregate expenditures in the economy contributed to a massive decline in income and to employment, well below the average.
In such a situation, the economy reached equilibrium at low levels of economic activity and high unemployment. Keynes' basic idea was simple
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Williamson County, Texas
Williamson County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2016 census estimate, the population was 545,412, its county seat is Georgetown. The county is named for Robert McAlpin Williamson, a community leader and a veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto. Williamson County is part of Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area, it was included with Austin in the Best Cities to Live in for 2009 by the Milken Institute It is on both the Edwards Plateau to the west, rocky terrain and hills, Texas Blackland Prairies in the east, fertile farming land. The two areas are bisected by Interstate 35. Much of Williamson County has been the site of human habitation for at least 11,200 years; the earliest known inhabitants of the area lived during the late Pleistocene, are linked to the Clovis culture around 9,200 BC based on evidence found at Bell County's much-studied Gault Site. One of the most important discoveries in recent times is the ancient skeletal remains dubbed "The Leanderthal Lady" because of its age and proximity to Leander, Texas.
It was discovered by accident by the Texas Department of Transportation workers while drilling core samples for a new highway. The site has been extensively studied for many years, samples from this site carbon date to the Pleistocene period around 10,500 years ago. Prehistoric and Archaic "open occupation" campsites are found throughout the county along streams and other water sources, including Brushy Creek in Round Rock and the San Gabriel River in Georgetown; such evidence of Archaic-period inhabitants is in the form of relics and flint tools recovered from burned rock middens. Many such sites were inundated; the earliest known historical Native American occupants, the Tonkawa, were a flint-working, hunting people who followed the buffalo on foot and periodically set fire to the prairie to aid them in their hunts. During the 18th century, they made the transition to a horse culture and used firearms to a limited extent. After they were crowded out by white settlement, the Comanches continued to raid settlements in the county until the 1860s.
Small numbers of Kiowa, Yojuane and Mayeye Indians wereliving in the county at the time of the earliest Anglo settlements. On September 9 and 10, 1921, the remnants of a hurricane moved over Williamson County; the center of the storm became stationary over Thrall, a small farming town in eastern Williamson County, dropping a storm total of 39.7 inches of rain in 36 hours. The 24-hour rainfall total ending 7 am on September 10, 1921 at a U. S. Weather Bureau station in Thrall remains the national official 24-hour rainfall record. Thrall's rainfall was 23.4 in during 6 hours, 31.8 in during 12 hours, 36.4 in during 18 hours. Eighty-seven people drowned in and near Taylor, 93 in Williamson County; this storm caused the most deadly floods with a total of 215 fatalities. On May 27, 1997, Williamson County was hit by the worst tornado outbreak in county history; the 1997 Central Texas Tornado Outbreak caused 20 tornadoes including an F-5, which remains the only F-5 to strike Williamson County. The F-5 tornado killed 27 people and destroyed the Double Creek Estates neighborhood in the city of Jarrell, located in far northern Williamson County.
Another strong tornado, an F-3, struck the Cedar Park. Two F-2 tornadoes struck Williamson County; the outbreak cost the county over $190 million in a total of 30 fatalities. Williamson County's fast growth rate is due in large part to its location north of Austin coupled with Austin's rapid expansion northward. Most of the growth has been residential, but large employers, such as Dell's international headquarters, have changed Williamson County from just a bedroom community into a more vibrant community where its citizens can live and work in the same general vicinity; this has transformed the county over recent years into a dynamic, self-sustaining community with less dependency on Austin. Major retail and commercial developments began appearing from 1999 to present, including the Rivery in Georgetown, the Premium Outlet Mall, the IKEA-area retail, the La Frontera mixed-use center in Round Rock. Health care and higher education have both become major factors in the growth of Williamson County, as well.
Two new colleges and two new hospitals have opened within the last five years. Another significant factor has been the opening in of the North Loop 1 toll road and Texas State Highway 45 toll road, which have made a major difference in accessibility between Williamson County and Austin. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,134 square miles, of which 1,118 square miles are land and 16 square miles are covered by water; the area is divided into two regions by the Balcones Escarpment, which runs through the center from north to south along a line from Jarrell to Georgetown to Round Rock. The western half of the county is an extension of the Western Plains and is considered to be within the eastern fringes of Texas Hill Country, it features undulating, hilly brushland with an abundance of Texas live oak, prickly pear cactus, karst topography. The eastern region of the county is part of the Coastal Plains and is flat to rolling with an average elevation of 600 feet.
It consists of flatter land, with dark clay and rich, fertile soils for agriculture, but is quickly
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
San Saba County, Texas
San Saba County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in western Central Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 6,131, its county seat is San Saba. The county is named after the San Saba River. United Confederate Veterans organized a chapter known as the "William P. Rogers Camp" in San Saba County after the death in 1889 of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Rogers, a hero of the Battle of Corinth in Mississippi, was a native of Georgia, he did not live in San Saba, but his daughter, married one of Rogers' officers, George Harris, who moved there in 1880. A former county judge, Harris served as a commander of Rogers Camp, named for his father-in-law; the veterans' organization lasted until the early 1930s. During the 1880s, a vigilante mob, organized like a fraternal lodge, killed a number of San Saba County settlers. In 1896, the Texas Rangers began an investigation. Uluth M. Sanderson, editor of the San Saba County News, ran editorials against the mob; the mob was broken by the Ranger Captain Bill McDonald and District Attorney W.
C. Linder. Many of the mob executions committed throughout Texas in the time following the Civil War were racially motivated and committed by members of the Ku Klux Klan, which formed in Shelby County, Texas. Most of the people killed by vigilante mobs in the five years after the war were "suspected slave rebels and white abolitionists". Although the KKK in Texas was less active by the 1870s, lives continued to be taken each year. In 1885, for the state of Texas, "...an estimated twenty-two mobs lynched forty-three people, including nineteen blacks and twenty-four whites, one of whom was female". "The San Saba County lynchers, the deadliest of the lot, claimed some twenty-five victims between 1880 and 1896. Vigilante lynching died out in the 1890s, but other varieties of mobs continued." Early Native American inhabitants included Tonkawa, Caddo and Comanche. 1732 - Governor of Spanish Texas, Juan Antonio Bustillo y Ceballos, arrived on the feast day of sixth-century monk St. Sabbas, named the river Río de San Sabá de las Nueces.
1757 - Santa Cruz de San Sabá Mission was established. 1788 - José Mares led an expedition from San Antonio to Santa Fe. 1828 - Twenty-eight people from Stephen F. Austin's group passed through. A portion of the county was included in Austin’s grants from the Mexican government. 1842 - The Fisher–Miller Land Grant contains most of land deeds. 1847 - The Meusebach–Comanche Treaty was signed in San Saba County. 1854 - The Harkey family settled at Wallace and Richland Creeks. The David Matsler family moved from Burnet County to Cherokee Creek. 1856 - San Saba County was organized from Bexar County and named for the San Saba River. San Saba was selected as the county seat. 1858 - The Seventh Texas Legislature confirmed the boundaries of the county. 1860 - The population was 913, which included 98 slaves. 1867 - The County was divided into 10 school districts. 1874 - Edmund E. Risen devoted his work to improving local nuts, in particular the pecan. San Saba billed itself as the Pecan Capital of the World.
1880s-1896 - Mob rule not only whipped and forced out numerous people in towns throughout Texas, but took 140 lives in Texas following the Civil War. San Saba County saw the worst of the violence, with 25 lives taken by lynching from 1880-1896. Mob killings in Texas in the years after the war were racially motivated crimes committed by members of the Ku Klux Klan against suspected slave rebels and white abolitionists. An investigation led to the Texas Rangers restoring order. 1882 - The San Saba Male and Female Academy was founded. 1889 - United Confederate Veterans William P. Rogers Camp No. 322 was established, named for Col. William P. Rogers. 1895 - West Texas Normal and Business College was organized by Francis Marion Behrns. 1896 - The parallel-wire suspension Beveridge Bridge was built across the San Saba River by Flinn, Moyer Bridge Co. 1911 - The Lometa-Eden branch of the Gulf and Santa Fe Railway was built through San Saba County. San Saba County brick and sandstone courthouse is erected.
Architect Chamberlin & Co. 1930 - Half of the county farms were tenant farmed. Uncle Billy Gibbons gave the Boy Scouts of America a 99-year lease to campgrounds along Brady Creek on his ranch. 1938 - San Saba River floods caused county-wide devastation. One-third of the town of San Saba was under water. 1940 - The Town of San Saba was incorporated. 1953-56 - Prolonged drought brought hardship to the county agricultural economy. 1960 - The San Saba County News merged with the San Saba Star. 1965 - A historical marker was erected to honor pioneer doctor Edward D. Doss. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,138 square miles, of which 1,135 square miles is land and 3.1 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 190 State Highway 16 Farm to Market Road 45 Mills County Lampasas County Burnet County Llano County Mason County McCulloch County Brown County As of the census of 2010, 6,131 people, 2,289 households, 1,616 families resided in the county; the population density was 6 people per square mile.
The 2,951 housing units averaged 3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.50% White, 2.73% Black or African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 10.52% from other races, 1.07% from two or more races. About 21.6% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 2,289 households, 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.40% were not families. About 27.5% of all households were made up of ind