Greer is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Apache County, United States. It lies at an elevation of 8,300 feet in the White Mountains of Arizona, is surrounded by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 41. Greer was founded around 1879 by Mormon settlers from Utah; the Greer post office has the ZIP code of 85927. Greer is a town located near the towns of Springerville and Eagar in northeast Arizona, near the New Mexico border, its position in the valley of the Little Colorado River near various lakes means that temperatures are milder than surrounding areas. Sunrise Park Resort, a skiing resort, is located about half an hour's drive west. While Greer is a four hour drive from Phoenix and a four-and-a-half hour drive from Tucson, it remains one of the most popular summer vacation destinations in Arizona, as it is 20-30 degrees cooler than the deserts. Greer was founded by Mormon Willard Lee and his family in 1879. A small community named Lee Valley developed.
The Post Office requested a shorter name, so Greer was settled on. On June 8, 2011, portions of the east side of town were overrun by the Wallow Fire. While some buildings were destroyed, most of the structures in town remain intact. Greer has a humid continental climate; the United States Postal Service operates the Greer Post Office. The Apache County Library District operates the Greer Memorial Library. Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest 630 miles of trout streams and 22 trout lakes within a 30-mile radius of Greer East Fork Trail to Mount Baldy, one of Arizona's classic streamside hikes Sunrise Park Resort ski area Hon-dah Casino on the White Mountain Apache Reservation Business Council of Greer GreerAZ.com Greer community profile at Arizona Department of Commerce Greer photo gallery
Red Mesa, Arizona
Red Mesa is a census-designated place in Apache County, United States. The population was 480 at the 2010 census. Red Mesa is located at 36°58′3″N 109°23′21″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 12.9 square miles, all of it land. Kenneth Maryboy Davis Filfred As of the census of 2000, there were 237 people, 78 households, 52 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 18.6 people per square mile. There were 102 housing units at an average density of 8.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 81.86% Native American, 10.97% White, 2.53% Pacific Islander, 2.11% from other races, 2.53% from two or more races. 2.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 78 households out of which 44.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 25.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.94. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 37.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 73.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 60.9 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $22,159, the median income for a family was $22,159. Males had a median income of $25,357 versus $25,938 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $6,836. About 33.3% of families and 43.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 52.4% of those sixty five or over. The area is a part of the Red Mesa Unified School District. Red Mesa contains the district headquarters. Three district schools, Red Mesa Elementary School, Red Mesa Junior High School, Red Mesa High School are in Red Mesa; the territory was within the Chinle School District.
In July 1983 the Red Mesa Unified School District splitting from the Chinle School District. The Red Mesa prehistoric pottery type was named for this Arizona area. Made from about 950 to 1050 AD, it is a subdivision of Cibola Whiteware. Designs are banded and can be much busier than earlier types, but simple designs are common. Pots are slipped and polished, but some examples not slipped and not well polished
Cornfields is a chapter of the Navajo Nation and a census-designated place in Apache County, United States. The population was 255 at the 2010 census. Cornfields is part of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Cornfields is located at 35°39′08″N 109°40′45″W, about 10 miles southwest of Burnside. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.39 square miles, all land. Cornfields is part of the greater Ganado area which includes Ganado, Cornfields, Wood Springs and Steamboat and the family ranches dispersed amongst these sub-areas
Ganado is a chapter of the Navajo Nation and census-designated place in Apache County, United States. The population was 1,210 at the 2010 census. Ganado is part of the Bureau of Indian Affairs; the Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site in Ganado is maintained as an example of a 19th-century trading post. Ganado is located at 35°42′9″N 109°33′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 9.2 square miles, all of it land. The greater Ganado area includes Ganado, Cornfields, Wood Springs and Steamboat and the family ranches dispersed amongst these sub-areas. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ganado has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,505 people, 422 households, 321 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 168.2 people per square mile. There were 507 housing units at an average density of 56.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.31% Native American, 10.76% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.13% Asian, 1.13% from other races, 0.53% from two or more races.
2.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 422 households out of which 46.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.7% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.48 and the average family size was 4.14. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 38.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, 5.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,958, the median income for a family was $43,281. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $26,306 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $7,500. About 10.3% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 37.8% of those age 65 or over.
The earliest peoples in the region are believed to have been nomadic hunters in search of big game roaming throughout the Four Corners region. The next wave of inhabitants are believed to have been smaller hunter-gatherer communities of similar nomadic characteristic, it is believed that archaic forms of agriculture came to the Pueblo Colorado river valley around 1800BCE. The first Permanent residents of the Ganado region were the "Basketmaker" Anasazi; the ruins of their homesteads are scattered throughout the Pueblo Colorado river valley, among the red clay hills surrounding Ganado, on the escarpment to the west. Significant agricultural advancement was seen in the first millennium; the largest Anazasi ruin at Ganado is Wide Reeds Ruin, along the floodplain of the Pueblo Colorado river near the present-day Ganado Wash bridge. Modern understanding of the historical record left behind by the Anasazi exhibits a massive network of villages and fortified structures throughout the Colorado Plateau region.
Stretching from Mesa Verde in the north, to Chaco Canyon in the east, to Keet Seel and Betatakin and Wupatki in the west, trading routes can be traced through the Ganado region to as far south as Mexico. Pottery fragments found through the area show a wide array of design and utility, both local and foreign to Ganado; the largest population center in this era near Ganado, is 30 miles to the north at Canyon de Chelly. Between AD 1276 and 1299, Archaeologist have recorded a period of "great drought," leading to the eventual end of influence of the Anasazi on the Ganado region, it is not known when the ancestors of the current Ganado community arrived in the Pueblo Colorado river valley, though some suggest after AD 1400. The historical record left behind shows that the first Navajo people were of hunter-gatherer communities, who evolved into a nexus of agrarian society and pastoral society as the conditions of the Pueblo Colorado river valley suited. Empowered by evolutionary dry farming techniques acquired via the neighboring Puebloan peoples, the early Ganado community's main crops consisted of beans, corn and squash.
The early Ganado Navajo, like the modern people today, were speakers of a Na-Dené Southern Athabaskan languages known as Diné bizaad. Archaeological data suggests these peoples arrived in the Pueblo Colorado river valley in the 15th century; the Navajo language retains linguistic aspects of this primary dialect. When the Spanish Conquistadors arrived in the upper southwestern Arizona-New Mexico region, they encountered these peoples, subsequently named them Apaches de Nabajó Though distant relatives of the Apache peoples, these Apaches de Nabajó were different in both lineage and pathways to the Ganado area, from other Apache bands. A mix of oral legend and archeology suggest that singer, warrior/ runner Jilhéél came to the Ganado area in the early 18th century, it is believed that he traveled extensively and lived amongst the Puebloan people along the Rio Grande, migrated with many of
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
Alpine is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Apache County, United States, in Bush Valley in the east central part of the state. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 145. Alpine was settled in 1876 by Anderson Bush, who built a log house known as "Fort Bush". Bush sold his holdings in 1879 to William Maxwell and Fred Hamblin, Mormon settlers who established the town as a Mormon community; the community was named for its lofty elevation. Alpine is located at an elevation of 8,050 feet above sea level in the eastern end of the White Mountains and surrounded by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. Alpine is a popular destination for hunting and camping. Alpine is six miles from the New Mexico border; as of 1960, it was the highest place in the United States where farming was occurring. The Alpine post office has the ZIP code of 85920. Alpine has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate influence by its high altitude and the North American Monsoon, which brings frequent thunder showers during the summer.
Although temperatures are comfortable during the daytime, the sun is intense and at night frosts have occurred in summer and are an daily occurrence from October to May. Winters are cold, with storms bringing precipitation in the form of snow; because Alpine is on the eastern end of the Mogollon Rim, it experiences a rain shadow from the White Mountains: it gets less snowfall than points west at a similar elevation. The U. S. Postal Service operates the Alpine Post Office on U. S. Route 191. Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest The Coronado Trail Scenic Byway, a 120-mile segment along U. S. Route 191 between Springerville and Clifton, Arizona Escudilla Mountain, a pine and aspen-covered mesa, popular for hiking, horseback-riding, viewing fall colors Luna Lake, 3 miles southeast, a popular fishing and camping spot The Alpine Elementary School District, operating Alpine Elementary School, serves Alpine; the Apache County Library District operates the Alpine Public Library. Luna, New Mexico Alpine Area Chamber of Commerce "Alpine" at White Mountains Online
St. Johns, Arizona
St. Johns is the county seat of Apache County, United States, it is located along U. S. Route 180 west of where that highway intersects with U. S. Route 191; as of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 3,480. The location was called Tsézhin Deezʼáhí in Navajo, a reference to its rock formations; the site of a useful crossing of the Little Colorado River, it was called El Vadito by Spaniards as they first explored the area. Starting in 1864, a trader named Solomon Barth began crossing the area as he moved salt from a salt lake in Zuni territory to Prescott, Arizona. In a poker game in 1873 Barth earned enough money to purchase cattle and enough land in St. Johns to start a ranch with his brothers Nathan and Morris, he changed the name from El Vadito to San Juan. There is some controversy as to whether this was in honor of the first woman resident, Maria San Juan Baca de Padilla, or of the feast of San Juan. William R. Milligan arrived in 1866, followed by Frank Walker in 1870. By 1872 a Spanish-American agricultural community had developed.
A stone cabin was erected by Juan Sedilla in 1874. Solomon Barth sold out to Mormon Ammon M. Tenney in 1875 or 1879. A Mormon community named Salem and led by David King Udall was established just north of the town under the direction of Wilford Woodruff on March 29, 1880, moved to higher ground by Erastus Snow on September 19 of the same year. St. Johns has been the county seat for all of Apache County's history; when the county was created on February 24, 1879, Snowflake was designated the county seat. After the first election in fall 1879, county government was set up in St. Johns, though it was moved again in 1880, to Springerville. St. Johns is located at 34°30′7″N 109°22′18″W, in the White Mountains in northeast Arizona. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.1 square miles, of which 25.9 square miles is land and 0.19 square miles, or 0.68%, is water. The climate is cold semi-arid with cold, dry winters and hot summers with greater precipitation via erratic thunderstorms.
Large diurnal temperature variations are typical, so that warm days are followed by freezing nights. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,269 people, 989 households, 805 families residing in the city; the population density was 494.8 people per square mile. There were 1,392 housing units at an average density of 210.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.48% White, 0.37% African American, 6.24% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.12% from other races, 3.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.19% of the population. There were 989 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.6% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.55. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 35.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,215, the median income for a family was $37,478. Males had a median income of $38,477 versus $24,009 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,331. About 12.5% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. St. Johns is home to the Apache County Historical Society Museum and has four National Register of Historic Places: Isaacson Building Lower Zuni River Archeological District Lyman Lake Rock Art Site Rattlesnake Point PuebloSt. Johns is near the Placerias Quarry, the site where dozens of Placerias fossils were discovered in 1930 by Charles Camp and Samuel Welles, of the University of California, Berkeley. St. Johns is along the shortest and most scenic route from Phoenix to New Mexico. Within an hour's drive from St. John's are Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, Petrified Forest National Park, the Painted Desert, Lyman Lake State Park, as well as Indian reservations such as the Navajo Nation, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, Zuni Indian Reservation.
Pioneer Days Sponsored by LDS St. Johns AZ Stake San Juan Fiesta Sponsored by St. Johns Catholic Church Apache County Fair Christmas Light Parade St. Johns is served by the St. Johns Unified School District; the city is served by Coronado Elementary School, St. Johns Middle School, St. Johns High School; the city is home to the St Johns Center of Northland Pioneer College. The Apache County Library District has its headquarters facility and the St. Johns Public Library in St. Johns; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Arizona City of St. Johns official website