Hazardville is a section of the town of Enfield, Connecticut, in Hartford County. It is a census-designated place. Hazardville originated as an industrial village centered around the manufacture of gunpowder using water power from the Scantic River; the first small black powder mill was established in 1835 by Allen Loomis in an area known as Powder Hollow. This became the Hazard Powder Company. Hazardville takes its name from Colonel Augustus George Hazard. A 1,075-acre area in and near Hazardville was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980 as the Hazardville Historic District; the district is an irregularly shaped area that surrounds two interior areas that are not historical and are not included in the district. The district is focused on resources associated with the powder works, includes industrial archaeological resources on either side of the Scantic River; the Hazardville CDP includes, in addition to the original Hazardville village, newer suburban developments east of the Central New England Railroad line to the Somers town line.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.3 square miles, all of, land. One parcel of the Scantic River State Park is in the Powder Hollow portion of Hazardville; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,900 people, 1,832 households, 1,337 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 575.0/km². There were 1,876 housing units at an average density of 220.2/km². The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.45% White, 1.41% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 1.04% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,832 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $54,596, the median income for a family was $61,183. Males had a median income of $40,606 versus $28,806 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $22,293. 3.7% of the population and 2.1% of families were below the poverty line. 2.1% of those under the age of 18 and 2.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Arthur Pine Van Gelder and Hugo Schlatter. History of the Explosives Industry in America. New York: Columbia University Press
Windsor is a town in Hartford County, United States, was the first English settlement in the state. It lies on the northern border of Hartford; the population of Windsor was 29,044 at the 2010 census. Poquonock is a northern area of Windsor. Other unincorporated areas in Windsor include Rainbow and Hayden Station in the north, Wilson and Deerfield in the south; the Day Hill Road area is known as Windsor's Corporate Area, although other centers of business include New England Tradeport, Kennedy Industry Park and Kennedy Business Park, all near Bradley International Airport and the Addison Road Industrial Park. The coastal areas and riverways were traditional areas of settlement by various American Indian cultures, in the region for thousands of years, they relied on the rivers for fishing and transportation. Before European contact, the historic Pequot and Mohegan tribes had been one Algonquian-speaking people. After they separated, they became traditional enemies in the Connecticut region. During the first part of the 17th century, the Pequot and Mohegan nations had been at war.
The Podunk were forced to pay tribute to the more powerful Pequot. The Podunk invited a small party of settlers from Plymouth, Massachusetts, to settle as a mediating force between the other tribes. In exchange they granted them a plot of land at the confluence of the Farmington River and the west side of the Connecticut River. After Edward Winslow came from Plymouth to inspect the land, William Holmes led a small party, arriving at the site on September 26, 1633, where they founded a trading post; the spot of the trading post is at the confluence of the Connecticut Rivers. The Loomis Chaffee School owns the land as the spot is now the school's sports fields. Native Americans referred to the area as Matianuck, it was about 50 miles up river from Long Island Sound, at the end of waters navigable by ship and above the Dutch fort at Hartford, offering an advantageous location for the English to trade with the Indians before they reached the Dutch. In 1635, a party of around 30 people, sponsored by Sir Richard Saltonstall, led by the Stiles brothers, Francis and Henry, settled in the Windsor area.
Governor John Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay Company acknowledged in a letter to Saltonstall that the Stiles party was the second group to settle Connecticut. The first group of 60 or more people were led by Roger Ludlow, primary framer of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, having trekked overland from Dorchester, Massachusetts, they had arrived in the New World five years earlier on the ship Mary and John from Plymouth and settled in Dorchester. Reverend Warham promptly renamed the Connecticut settlement "Dorchester". During the next few years, more settlers arrived from Dorchester and soon displacing the original Plymouth contingent, who returned to Plymouth in 1638 after selling their parcel to a Matthew Allyn of Hartford. On February 21, 1637, the colony's General Court changed the name of the settlement from Dorchester to Windsor, named after the town of Windsor, Berkshire, on the River Thames in England; the same day, Windsor was incorporated as a town along with Wethersfield. Several "daughter towns" were formed from Windsor's original boundaries.
These include portions or all of Barkhamsted, Bolton, Coventry, East Granby, East Windsor, Enfield, Harwinton, Manchester, Simsbury, South Windsor, Tolland, Torrington and Windsor Locks. The first "highway" in the Connecticut Colony opened in 1638 between Hartford. Two years the highway was extended north to the colony's 1636 settlement at Springfield, with the road connecting to Wethersfield and thus the four settlements that came to dominate the region for much of colonial history were connected. In the summer of 1640, an event took place that would forever change the boundaries of the Connecticut River Valley. During a grain famine, the founder of Springfield, William Pynchon, was given authority by Windsor and Hartford to negotiate a price for grain for the three settlements with the natives. First, the natives refused to sell grain at the usual market price, refused to sell it at "a reasonable price". Pynchon refused to buy it, attempting to teach the natives a peaceful lesson about integrity and reliability.
Windsor's cattle were starving and the citizens of Hartford were furious. With Windsor's consent, Hartford commissioned the famous Indian fighter John Mason to travel to Springfield with "money in one hand and a sword in the other" to threaten the natives, thereby force the grain trade; the natives capitulated and sold their grain. After "negotiating the trade", Mason refused to share the grain with Springfield, and, to add further insult, insisted that Springfield pay a tax when sailing ships passed Windsor. Outraged, Springfield forever sided with the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a faraway theocracy based in Boston, rather than with the Connecticut Colony, much closer geographically and far more compatible ideologically. Windsor played a neutral role in the colonial rivalry between Springfield. Windsor sided with Connecticut; the Hartford & Springfield Street Railway, a trolley
Plainville is a town in Hartford County, United States. The population was 17,716 at the 2010 census. Plainville first was inhabited by Europeans around 1650. By the 1660s the land was incorporated as land for nearby Farmington. In the year 1869, it separated from Farmington due to the distance of the town center and the growth of Plainville downtown due to the installation of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and the Hartford and Fishkill Railroad. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.3 square kilometres, of which 9.7 square miles is land and 0.077 square mile (0.2 km2, or 0.72%, is water. The east side of the town is bordered by two prominent peaks of the Metacomet Ridge: Pinnacle Rock and Bradley Mountain; the 51-mile Metacomet Trail traverses those peaks. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,328 people, 7,385 households, 4,645 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,776.0 people per square mile. There were 7,707 housing units at an average density of 789.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 93.52% White, 2.25% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.57% of the population. There were 7,385 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,136, the median income for a family was $60,586.
Males had a median income of $41,541 versus $31,281 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,257. About 4.2% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over. Companies and organizations headquartered in Plainville include Carling Technologies, Connecticut Tool & Manufacturing, GE Industrial Solutions, Gems Sensors & Controls, Manafort Brothers, CWPM, Mott Corporation, Tilcon Connecticut, Wheeler Clinic The Town of Plainville is one of the only municipalities to own its own airport, Robertson Field. Plainville holds an annual Hot Air Balloon Festival at the end of August at Norton Park, gathering many of the townspeople together for fun-filled nights of games and fireworks; the event is sponsored by the Plainville Fire Company. However, wanting to improve the soccer fields with an irrigation system at Norton Park, the Plainville Town Council was planning to discontinue the Balloon Festival due to the fire trucks parking on the soccer fields.
However, this did not pass, the festival continues to operate annually. Plainville has been something of a minor transportation hub. In the nineteenth century, Plainville was served by the Farmington Canal, it sits on the intersection of two rail lines, one running north from New Haven and the other running east-west between Waterbury and Berlin. Plainville is the home of Robertson Field, the oldest private airport in Connecticut. Plainville is run by a Town Manager/Town Council form of government. Robert Lee is the current town manager; the Town Council comprises seven members elected every two years. The Municipal Center is located at 1 Central Square near the center of town. Plainville has three elementary schools: Louis Toffolon School, Frank T. Wheeler School, Linden Street School. There is one middle school, the Middle School of Plainville, which serves grades 6 to 8; the middle school adopts the same mascot and colors as the town high school. Plainville High School is the only town high school.
The school mascot is the Blue Devil, the colors are blue and white, same as nearby Central Connecticut State University. The baseball team has a rich tradition, with another state title won in 2012. John Bello and former CEO of SoBe Beverages. Anthony Fantano, Internet's Busiest Music Nerd/YouTube personality "The Needle Drop" Niko Koutouvides, Former NFL Linebacker John Harper Trumbull was an American politician who served as the 70th Governor of Connecticut. Re-elected twice. Town of Plainville official website Plainville Community Schools
Hartford County, Connecticut
Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the U. S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 894,014, making it the second-most populous county in Connecticut. Hartford County contains the city of Hartford, the state capital of Connecticut and the county's most populous city, with an estimated 123,243 residents in 2016. Hartford County is included in the Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area. Hartford County was one of four original counties in Connecticut established on May 10, 1666, by an act of the Connecticut General Court; the act establishing the county states: This Court orders that the Townes on the River from yee north bounds of Windsor wth Farmington to ye south end of ye bounds of Thirty Miles Island shalbe & remaine to be one County wch shalbe called the County of Hartford. And it is ordered that the County Court shalbe kept at Hartford on the 1st Thursday in March and on the first Thursday in September yearely.
As established in 1666, Hartford County consisted of the towns of Windsor, Hartford and Middletown. The "Thirty Miles Island" referred to in the constituting Act was incorporated as the town of Haddam in 1668. In 1670, the town of Simsbury was established, extending Hartford County to the Massachusetts border. In the late 17th to early 18th centuries, several more towns were established and added to Hartford County: Waterbury in 1686, Windham in 1694, Hebron in 1708, Coventry in 1712, Litchfield in 1722. In 1714, all of the unincorporated territory north of the towns of Coventry and Windham in northeastern Connecticut to the Massachusetts border were placed under the jurisdiction of Hartford County. Windham County was constituted in 1726, resulting in Hartford County losing the towns of Windham, Coventry and Ashford. Northwestern Connecticut, placed under the jurisdiction of New Haven County in 1722, was transferred to Hartford County by 1738. All of northwestern Connecticut was constituted as the new Litchfield County in 1751.
In 1785, two more counties were established in what was now the U. S. state of Connecticut: Tolland and Middlesex. This resulted in the modern extent of Hartford County. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the establishment of several more towns resulted in minor adjustments in the bounds of the county; the final adjustment resulting in the modern limits occurred on May 8, 1806, when the town of Canton was established. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 751 square miles, of which 735 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in Connecticut by land area. The county is divided into two unequal parts by the Connecticut River, watered by Farmington, Podunk and other rivers; the surface is diverse: part of the river valleys are alluvial and subject to flooding, while other portions of the county are hilly and mountainous. Hampden County, Massachusetts Tolland County New London County Middlesex County New Haven County Litchfield County As of the census of 2000, there were 857,183 people, 335,098 households, 222,505 families residing in the county.
The population density was 1,166 people per square mile. There were 353,022 housing units at an average density of 480 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.90% White, 11.66% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.43% from other races, 2.31% from two or more races. 11.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.2% were of Italian, 11.2% Irish, 9.1% Polish, 6.5% English, 5.7% French and 5.3% German ancestry. 78.4% spoke English, 10.3% Spanish, 2.6% Polish, 1.9% French and 1.6% Italian as their first language. There were 335,098 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,756, the median income for a family was $62,144. Males had a median income of $43,985 versus $33,042 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,047. About 7.10% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 894,014 people, 350,854 households, 227,831 families residing in the county; the population density was 1,216.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 374,249 housing units at an average density of 509.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 72.4% white, 13.3% black or African American, 4.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 7.1% from other races, 2.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.9% were Italian
East Granby, Connecticut
East Granby is a town in Hartford County, United States. The population was 5,148 at the 2010 census. Original inhabitants of the current East Granby area were Native American peoples, including the Algonquin/Poquonock, the Massaco, the Agawam; the East Granby area was first settled by Europeans in 1664, one of the four Congregational parishes in Simsbury. The Turkey Hills Ecclesiastical Society in 1786 became a section of Granby, in 1858 was incorporated as the Town of East Granby; the first incorporated copper mine in America resided in. The mine became Old Newgate Prison, a Revolutionary War jail and the first state prison in the United States. Farming was the mainstay of the town for much of its history; the early twentieth century saw local farmers specializing in dairy tobacco. East Granby experienced a housing boom that resulted in a rise in population; the town celebrated its 150th anniversary with a three-day festival on June 7, 8, 9, 2008. East Granby is in the Farmington valley, with the Farmington River passing along the southern border of the town.
The Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to nearly the Vermont border, runs through the center of the town, cutting off Salisbury Plain to the east, which used to lie under the ancient, glacial Lake Hitchcock. High points on the Metacomet Ridge in East Granby include Peak Mountain; the 51-mile Metacomet Trail traverses the ridge. As of the census of 2014, there were 2,129 households; the population density was 289 people per square mile. There were 2,186 housing units; the racial makeup of the town was 86.7% White, 5.28% African American, 0% Native American, 5.66% Asian, 2.35% from other races or multi-race residents. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population. The town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 4.85% from 18 to 24, 35.55% from 25 to 49, 22.5% from 50 to 64, 6% who were 65 years of age or older. 47.85% of the population is female. Residents that were 18 years or older compromised 77.47% of the population.
49.46% of residents that were 18 years or older were female. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. In 2000, the median age was 39 years; as of 2000, there were 1,848 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.7% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04. As of 2000, the median income for a household in the town was $68,696, the median income for a family was $77,621. Males had a median income of $48,992 versus $37,450 for females; the per capita income for the town was $30,805. About 0.9% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. Unemployment rates in 2013 were at 5.8% for East Granby residents, less than the state's unemployment rate of 7.8%.
In 2014, 6 families were receiving temporary assistance and 154 individuals were receiving food stamps. As of 2012, residents' educational attainment was: 23% high school graduate, 12% associate degree, 37% bachelor's degree or higher. During the 2010-2011 School Year, total town school enrollment was at 939. Most public school students in East Granby attend the East Granby School District, which had 889 students. East Granby has six historical buildings; the East Granby Historical Society can be found on North Main Street. Clark Farm Tenant House Congregational Meetinghouse Ezekiel Phelps House Joseph Penney House Methodist-Episcopal Meetinghouse Old Newgate Prison Viets' Tavern - Newgate Road Whitfield Cowles House East Granby has seven cemeteries; the oldest graves of East Granby can be found in the East Granby Center Cemetery, dates back to 1737. East Granby Center Cemetery - Located Near East Granby Center On School Street; the East Granby Cemetery was established in 1722, it is no longer active.
Copper Hill Cemetery - Located In The Northwest Part Of Town Elmwood Cemetery - Located On Windsor Locks Road, 3/4 Mile East Of Town Center Holcomb Cemetery - Located Near The Granby Railroad Station Prisoners' Cemetery - Located near Old Newgate Prison. Smallpox Cemetery - Located at the top of the hill off Tariffville Road; the cemetery is on top of the "Manitank Mt." between Turkey Hill and Hatchett Hill, the property is owned by Tilcon-Roncari. Viets Cemetery - Located Near Old Newgate Prison; this cemetery is in a clump of trees and bushes in a field in back of the farmhouse belonging to Jenny W. Kellogg, it is about a mile down the road leading from the prison towards 107-3. The plot is twenty feet square. There are about twenty stones in it. Not one of them is inscribed; the prisoners were taken down here from the prison and buried according to the story told around here. East Granby has six old schoolhouses. Center District Schoolhouse Copper Hill Schoolhouse Falls Schoolhouse Hazelwood Schoolhouse North Schoolhouse South Schoolhouse Walter Forward: Lawyer and Secretary of the Treasury for President Tyler.
Eunice Griswold Penney: Well-known artist who worked watercolors. Walter Wick: Author of the I Spy find-it-in-the-picture book series. Education in East Granby is through the East Granby Public School System, including East Granby High School, the smallest public high school in
Glastonbury is a town in Hartford County, United States, formally founded in 1693 with settlers first arriving in 1636. The town was named after Glastonbury in England. Glastonbury is located on the banks of the Connecticut River, 7 miles southeast of Hartford; the town center is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place; the population was 34,427 at the 2010 census. In 1636, thirty families were settled in Pyaug, a tract of land belonging to Wethersfield on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River, bought from the Native American chief Sowheag for 12 yards of trading cloth. In 1672, Wethersfield and Hartford were granted permission by the General Court to extend the boundary line of Pyaug 5 miles to the east. By 1690, residents of Pyaug had gained permission from Wethersfield to become a separate town and, in 1693, the town of Glassenbury was created; the ties have not been broken: the oldest continuously operating ferry in the United States still runs between South Glastonbury and Rocky Hill then part of Wethersfield, as it did as far back as 1655.
One result of being split off from Wethersfield was that the town was built along a main road, rather than around the large green that anchors most New England towns. After part of New London Turnpike was realigned to eliminate the rotary in the middle of town during the mid-20th century, a small green was established there. During the American Revolutionary War, several homes were used to hold classes from Yale University. Noah Webster was a student in these classes. Glastonbury freed its slaves in the 1780s, sixty years before Connecticut formally abolished slavery; the town organized its first library in 1803. It organized the first hospital shortly after the Revolution to treat smallpox. By the end of the Revolution, there were ten schools, formed one by one during the 18th century. During the American Revolution, George Stocking's gunpowder factory operated in the town. In 1785 the town residents renamed Glassenbury to Glastenbury. In the 18th and early 19th centuries, Glastenbury was a shipbuilding town.
Located on the Connecticut River, it had reliable waterpower and nearby hardwood forests of oak. Sawmills, charcoal kilns, foundries developed around the shipyards to process timber and other goods for their needs; as shipbuilding was ending, the early industrial beginning continued. The J. B. Williams Soap Factory started in 1840 in James B. Williams' drugstore in Manchester, where he experimented with chemical formulas for shaving soap; when he had produced a formula that satisfied him, he moved his business to Glastonbury. Two years he was joined by his brother, William Stuart Williams, they formed. Although shaving soap was their first product, they made ink and shoe blacking. Products made by the J. B. Williams Company included Williams ` Aqua Velva. Over time, J. B. Williams expanded to Montreal and Argentina; when the business was sold in 1957, ten former employees organized Glastonbury Toiletries and continued operation into the 1970s. J. B. Williams Park, on Neipsic Road, is named for James B. Williams.
Remaining parts of the industrial complex have been adapted for use as the Soap Factory Condominiums. Another portion was occupied by the Glastonbury Board of Education office and is now occupied by a translation company. In 1870 the name of the town was changed from Glastenbury to Glastonbury, with a spelling to match Glastonbury, England. During the World Wars, Glastonbury factories supplied leather and woolen goods to the military of Belgium, Great Britain and the United States. In addition, Glastonbury has been a center for feldspar mills, cotton mills, paper mills, silver plate factories, it had an airplane building industry. J. H. Hale Orchards began operations in 1866 in Glastonbury. John Howard Hale became known as the Peach King for developing a peach that could withstand New England winters and was disease resistant, as well as for the large, national scale of his operations, he had land in Georgia and was the first Glastonbury industry to establish a branch outside the state. A marketing pioneer, Hale shipped peaches to markets all over the country.
The orchard that started with 1-acre in 1866 grew to more than 1,200 acres by 1900. John Hale never went beyond grade school, but he initiated the founding of Storrs Agricultural College, now the University of Connecticut, he helped to organize the State Grange. His home, at the intersection of Main Street and Route 17, has been adapted in the 20th century for use first as a restaurant and, more for business offices. Henry Saglio began a pioneering effort to breed a white chicken, because black pinfeathers were difficult to pluck from a bird headed for the dinner table. In 1948, the Saglio Brothers formed Arbor Acres and produced a broiler chicken that A&P Food Stores awarded the title "Chicken of Tomorrow". By 1958 Arbor Acres was selling globally. Today the brand is owned by Aviagen. In 1977, Henry Saglio was inducted into the Poultry Hall of Fame. Glastonbury was a major grower of broad leaf tobacco; this agricultural tradition is carried on by the orchards and berry farms on its hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.2 square miles, of which 51.3 square miles is land and 0.93 square miles, or 1.76%, is water.
The Glastonbury Center CDP has a total area of 4.9 square miles. The town begins on the banks of the Connecticut River and extends up into foothills
Rocky Hill, Connecticut
Rocky Hill is a town in Hartford County, United States. The population was 19,709 at the 2010 census. Land of the Wangunks, Europeans began to settle the area of Rocky Hill in 1650, as part of Wethersfield, the neighboring town to the north. In 1722, the area became known as Stepney Parish, until it was independently incorporated in 1843. Rocky Hill’s location on the Connecticut River made it a natural port for Wethersfield and an early center for shipbuilding and trade. Rocky Hill is a typical bedroom community as many residents commute to work in the larger urban centers of Hartford to the north and New Haven to the south. Rocky Hill is the home to the Dinosaur State Park. Rocky Hill was once the headquarters of Ames Department Stores, which ceased business operations in 2002. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.8 square miles. 13.4 square miles is land and 0.39 square miles is water. Bordering Rocky Hill to the north is Wethersfield, with Newington to the northwest, Berlin to the southwest, Cromwell to the south.
The Connecticut River forms the eastern border. Interstate 91 runs through the town with exits at the two main local highways, Route 3 at exit 23 and Route 99 at exit 24. Route 3 travels from Cromwell through Rocky Hill into Wethersfield crossing the Connecticut River into Glastonbury; the north-south Route 99 parallels the Connecticut River for the length of town. The town of Rocky Hill is named after the ridge along the Connecticut River in the northeast section, now Rocky Hill River Park; as of the 2000 Census, Rocky Hill had a population of 17,966 in 7,557 households, with 4,519 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,335.4 people per square mile. There were 7,962 housing units at an average density of 591.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 90.20% White, 3.42% African American, 0.11% Native American, 3.97% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.20% of the population.
There were 7,557 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.2% were non-families. Of all households 32.5% were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93. In terms of age, 19.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.1% were between 18 and 24, 31.9% were 25 to 44, 25.8% were 45 to 64, 16.5% were 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males. The median household income in the town was $60,247, the median income for a family was $72,726. Males had a median income of $48,555 versus $39,625 for females; the per capita income for the town was $29,701. About 1.2% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Rocky Hill Public Schools is the local school district. Rocky Hill High School has a student body of 800 students. Albert D. Griswold Middle School enrolls about 600 students. Stevens Elementary School enrolls about 500 students. West Hill Elementary School enrolls around 650 students; the Rocky Hill-Glastonbury Ferry to Glastonbury, purported to be the nation's oldest continuously running ferry service Dinosaur State Park, which displays fossilized dinosaur footprints discovered in Rocky Hill in the 1960s Quarry Park, an 84.3-acre park on a former trap rock quarry in northeast Rocky Hill, in operation from the 1920s to the 1950s The Connecticut Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped The State Veteran's Home and Hospital, located in Rocky Hill since 1940 Academy Hall, a museum run by the Rocky Hill Historical Society The John Robbins House Elm Street Historic District Center Cemetery Henkel Corporation's U. S. Headquarters for Adhesive Technologies and R&D The headquarters of the Connecticut Lottery The studios of CBS-affiliated television station WFSB Channel 3 Town of Rocky Hill official website Rocky Hill Historical Society Rocky Hill Parks & Recreation Dinosaur State Park