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Gelateria Italiana

Gelateria Italiana, S. A. is an ice cream chain that produces and sells the Yea! Gelato brand Italian style ice cream from Managua, Nicaragua; the first Yea! Gelato shop opened on November 24, 2010 in the Galerías Santo Domingo shopping mall in Managua, Nicaragua. Gelateria Italiana sells the Yea! Gelato brand ice cream, a soft ice cream containing little or no air, made with milk, various sugars, flavoring such as fresh fruit and nut purees. In addition to the ice cream shops, the more than 100 flavors of the Yea! Gelato brand can be found at the Supermercados La Colonia and La Unión supermarket chains. Galerías Santo Domingo Metrocentro Managua Multicentro Las Américas Universidad Centroamericana

HK Magazine

HK Magazine was a free English-language alternative weekly published by HK Magazine Media Group in Hong Kong. Launched in 1991, it offered coverage of local affairs, social issues as well as entertainment listings; the 1000th issue was published in 2013, the same year that it was sold to the South China Morning Post group. The magazine printed its final issue on 7 October 2016; this was the third SCMP subsidiary to close since the takeover of the newspaper by the Alibaba Group. HK Magazine was founded by best friends Stephen Freeman and Gretchen Worth. In 1989, considering Hong Kong a suitable place to start a magazine, they decided to establish an English-language publication; the first issue, called HK: the indispensable Hong Kong Guide, was published in June 1991 by the local private company Asia City Publishing Limited. It had 24 pages and claimed a circulation of 15,000, it continued to publish on a monthly basis until November 1992, when because of the ambiguity of the name and the change of the publisher's schedule, the magazine was renamed HK Magazine, switched to a bi-weekly schedule for the next three years.

In September 1995, it became a weekly magazine. On 27 March 2009, the magazine allowed the publication of an article from its columnist, writer Chip Tsao, his article War at Home alleges the Philippines to be a nation of servants and claims China is the master. This triggered a massive outcry from the Filipino community in Hong Kong and outraged many across the Philippines. Tsao made a public apology three days on 30 March 2009. In 2013, it was reported that Asia City Media Group had sold its Hong Kong business, including HK Magazine and other titles, to South China Morning Post for a sum of HK$13 million. South China Morning Post, including HK Magazine, was sold to Alibaba Group in early 2016; the magazine, audited by the Audit Bureau of Circulations, was free at around 900 venues including restaurants, coffee shops and retail stores. The distribution outlets were concentrated in commercial business districts; the magazine claimed around 236,000 readers per week. According to a survey conducted by HK Magazine in 2004, 87% of the readers were holders of at least one university degree and 75% earned more than HK$30,000 per month..

HK Magazine contained features about social issues, articles about music, fashion and travel, etc. The main sections that appeared in the magazine were: Upfront – The opening pages of the magazine, featuring humorous and satirical commentaries on current affairs. Letters – Letters from readers. There may be comments or thoughts about past issues of the magazine or opinions towards social issue, etc. Street talk – Interviews with ordinary Hong Kong people on their lifestyle and working environment, of persons of interest around town coinciding with special events they are taking part in. Features – Generally, there are two features in each issue, both covering local issues and sometimes foreign issues; the first one is on social and cultural issues and events. The second one covers events in everyday life. 852 – This section, named for Hong Kong's IDD code, is split into four sub-categories: Shopping, Dining and Healthy and Beauty, with selected new items featured under Shopping, as well as resident weekly columnists each writing under last three sections.

852 features reviews on restaurants around town every week, written anonymously. Listings – There are three different categories in this section: Arts: Art-related events. Includes interview features with personalities working in the arts. Nightlife: Concerts, club events and happy hour listings. Includes reviews on newly opened clubs around town or interviews with musicians and DJs. Featuring a Nightlife column. Film: Synopses and reviews of released or soon-to-be-released movies. First Person – A full-page interview with notable Hong Kong personalities, including politicians and celebrities. Classified – Attached as a separate booklet, containing classified advertisements and weekly column Mr. Know-It-All, who answers readers' questions. In every issue: comics, Savage Love column HK Magazine Online published content from the print edition and contains a large archive of the magazine's articles from the last decade. Online exclusive content was available, most notably the news section on its homepage.

In January 2013 HK launched its free iPad edition, followed by one for Android in February. The tablet apps offered a multimedia platform for readers of the magazine, with interactive content and sound clips enhancing the reader's experience. Restaurant Guide – A guide to restaurants in the city based on anonymous reviews published over the past year. Art Guide – Introduced for the first time in 2013, the Art Guide is a comprehensive supplement informing readers of art events as well as all major art galleries across Hong Kong. Wedding Guide – A complete guide on wedding planning, including venues and locations, gown designers, caterers and hair stylists and more. Health and Beauty Guide – Featuring the best of the city's health and beauty retailers and products, as well as spas and gyms. HK Eats – The best food and restaurants recommendations in Hong Kong as selected by editors. Christmas Shopping Guide – A round-up of Christmas sales and promotions around town as well as the best shops, department stores and malls for Christmas gifts.

Includes editor's selections on ideal gifts, from fashion to home decorations. HK Magazine was published by the HK M

Beto Naveda

Alberto "Beto" Dante Naveda (born 24 May 1972 in San Juan, Argentina, is an Argentine former footballer who played as a striker. He played professionally in Argentina, Israel and the United States. Naveda started his career with Boca Juniors, where he spent two years between 1994 and 1996. After leaving, he moved to the United States to play for Major League Soccer side New England Revolution, where he spent two seasons. There, he was named the Midnight Riders Man of the Year for New England's inaugural season. Spells in Israel followed, with a year apiece at Maccabi Ironi Hapoel Jerusalem. Naveda moved to Scotland and joined Scottish Premier League side Dundee United, where he made thirteen appearances and scored on his debut against Motherwell. After leaving Tannadice and heading back to Israel, Naveda returned to Scottish football to play for United's neighbours, but made only two appearances. Naveda's final club was Italian side U. S. Sanremese Calcio for 2002-03 before retiring. Beto Naveda at Soccerbase Beto Naveda – Argentine Primera statistics at Fútbol XXI Beto Naveda at BDFA.com.ar

American depositary receipt

An American depositary receipt is a negotiable security that represents securities of a company that trades in the U. S. financial markets. Shares of many non-U. S. companies trade on U. S. stock exchanges through ADRs, which are denominated and pay dividends in U. S. dollars and may be traded like regular shares of stock. ADRs are traded during U. S. trading hours, through U. S. broker-dealers. ADRs simplify investing in foreign securities by having the depositary bank "manage all custody and local taxes issues"; the first ADR was introduced by J. P. Morgan in 1927 for the British retailer Selfridges on the New York Curb Exchange, the American Stock Exchange's precursor, they are the U. S. equivalent of a global depository receipt. Securities of a foreign company that are represented by an ADR are called American depositary shares. ADRs are one type of depositary receipt, which are any negotiable securities that represent securities of companies that are foreign to the market on which the DR trades.

DRs enable domestic investors to buy securities of foreign companies without the accompanying risks or inconveniences of cross-border and cross-currency transactions. Companies may choose to issue depository receipts in another jurisdiction for a host of commercial reasons including signalling to their investors and clients about their enhanced corporate governance standard; each ADR is issued by a domestic custodian bank when the underlying shares are deposited in a foreign depositary bank by a broker who has purchased the shares in the open market local to the foreign company. An ADR can represent a fraction of a share, a single share, or multiple shares of a foreign security; the holder of a DR has the right to obtain the underlying foreign security that the DR represents, but investors find it more convenient to own the DR. The price of a DR tracks the price of the foreign security in its home market, adjusted for the ratio of DRs to foreign company shares. In the case of companies domiciled in the United Kingdom, creation of ADRs attracts a 1.5% creation fee.

Depositary banks have various responsibilities to DR holders and to the issuing foreign company the DR represents. When a company establishes an ADR program, it must decide what it wants out of the program, how much time and other resources they are willing to commit. For this reason, there are different types of facilities, that a company can choose. Unsponsored shares trade on the over-the-counter market; these shares are issued in accordance with market demand, the foreign company has no formal agreement with a depositary bank. Unsponsored ADRs are issued by more than one depositary bank; each depositary services only the ADRs. Since the company is not formally involved in an unsponsored issue, the motivation of the company to list overseas is irrelevant for unsponsored programs. Instead, the dynamics of this market is determined by the incentive structure of three types of players: holders of the securities on-shore, the investors in depository receipts off-shore and the intermediaries. Level 1 depositary receipts are the lowest level of sponsored ADRs.

When a company issues sponsored ADRs, it has one designated depositary who acts as its transfer agent. A majority of American depositary receipt programs trading are issued through a Level 1 program; this is the most convenient way for a foreign company to have its equity traded in the United States. Level 1 shares can only be traded on the OTC market and the company has minimal reporting requirements with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission; the company is not required to issue quarterly or annual reports in compliance with U. S. GAAP. However, the company must have a security listed on one or more stock exchanges in a foreign jurisdiction and must publish in English on its website its annual report in the form required by the laws of the country of incorporation, organization, or domicile. Companies with shares trading under a Level 1 program may decide to upgrade their program to a Level 2 or Level 3 program for better exposure in the United States markets. Level 2 depositary receipt programs are more complicated for a foreign company.

When a foreign company wants to set up a Level 2 program, it must file a registration statement with the SEC and is under SEC regulation. In addition, the company is required to file a Form 20-F annually. Form 20-F is the basic equivalent of an annual report for a U. S. company. In their filings, the company is required to follow U. S. GAAP standards or the International Financial Reporting Standards as published by the IASB; the advantage that the company has by upgrading their program to Level 2 is that the shares can be listed on a U. S. stock exchange. These exchanges include the New York Stock Exchange, NASDAQ, the NYSE MKT. While listed on these exchanges, the company must meet the exchange's listing requirements. If it fails to do so, it may be forced to downgrade its ADR program. A Level 3 American Depositary Receipt program is the highest level; because of this distinction, the company is required to adhere to stricter rules that are similar to those followed by U. S. companies. Setting up a Level 3 program means that the foreign company is not only taking steps to permit shares from its home market to be deposited into an ADR program and traded in the United States.

In accordance with this offering, the company is required to file a Form F-1, the format for a prospectus for the shares. They also

Roman Question

The Roman Question was a dispute regarding the temporal power of the popes as rulers of a civil territory in the context of the Italian Risorgimento. It ended with the Lateran Pacts between King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and Pope Pius XI in 1929. On 9 February 1849, the Roman Republic took over the government of the Papal States. In the following July, an intervention by French troops restored Pope Pius IX to power, making the Roman Question a hotly debated one in the internal politics of France. In July 1859, after France and Austria made an agreement that ended the short Second Italian War of Independence, an article headed "The Roman Question" in the Westminster Review expressed the opinion that the Papal States should be deprived of the Adriatic provinces and be restricted to the territory around Rome; this became a reality in the following year, when most of the Papal States were annexed by what became the Kingdom of Italy. On February 18, 1861, the deputies of the first Italian Parliament assembled in Turin.

On March 17, 1861, the Parliament proclaimed Victor Emmanuel II King of Italy, on March 27, 1861, Rome was declared Capital of the Kingdom of Italy. However, the Italian Government could not take its seat in Rome because a French garrison, maintained there by Napoleon III of France, commanded by general Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, was defending Pope Pius IX. Following the signing of the September Convention, the seat of government was moved from Turin to Florence in 1865; the Pope remained opposed to the designs on Rome of Italian nationalism. Beginning in December 1869, the First Vatican Council was held in the city; some historians have argued that its proclamation of the doctrine of papal infallibility in July 1870 had political as well as theological causes. In July 1870, the Franco-Prussian War began. In early August, Napoleon III recalled his garrison from Rome and could no longer protect what remained of the Papal States. Widespread public demonstrations demanded; the Italian government took no direct action until the collapse of Napoleon at the battle of Sedan.

King Victor Emmanuel II sent Count Gustavo Ponza di San Martino to Pius IX with a personal letter offering a proposal that would have allowed the peaceful entry of the Italian Army into Rome, under the guise of protecting the pope. According to Raffaele De Cesare: The Pope's reception of San Martino was unfriendly. Pius IX allowed violent outbursts to escape him. Throwing the King's letter upon the table he exclaimed, "Fine loyalty! You are all a set of vipers, of whited sepulchres, wanting in faith." He was alluding to other letters received from the King. After, growing calmer, he exclaimed: "I am no prophet, nor son of a prophet, but I tell you, you will never enter Rome!" San Martino was so mortified. The Italian army, commanded by General Raffaele Cadorna, crossed the frontier on 11 September and advanced toward Rome, hoping that an unopposed entry could be negotiated; the Italian army placed Rome under a state of siege. Pius IX decided that the surrender of the city would be granted only after his troops had put up a token resistance, enough to make it plain that the takeover was not accepted.

On 20 September, after a cannonade of three hours had breached the Aurelian Walls at Porta Pia, the Bersaglieri entered Rome. Forty-nine Italian soldiers and 19 Papal Zouaves died. Rome and the region of Lazio were annexed to the Kingdom of Italy after a plebiscite. Again, according to Raffaele De Cesare: The Roman question was the stone tied to Napoleon's feet—that dragged him into the abyss, he never forgot in August 1870, a month before Sedan, that he was a sovereign of a Catholic country, that he had been made emperor, was supported by the votes of the conservatives and the influence of the clergy. For twenty years Napoleon III had been the true sovereign of Rome, where he had many friends and relations.... Without him the temporal power would never have been reconstituted, being reconstituted, would have endured." Pope Pius IX and succeeding popes Leo XIII, Pius X, Benedict XV, Pius XI took great care not to recognize the legitimacy of the Italian government following the capture of Rome.

Several options were considered, including giving the city a status similar to that of Moscow at the time, but there was widespread agreement that Rome must be the capital to ensure the survival of the new state. However, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy refused to take residence in the Quirinal Palace, foreign powers were uneasy with the move; the British ambassador noted the apparent contradiction of a secular government sharing the city with a religious government, while the French foreign minister wrote: If would consent to view Florence as the seat of government, it would solve the Papal question. It would show great sense, the political credit it would thereby garner, as well as the honor, would offer a considerable advantage... Rome, under royal rule—an integral part of the Italian nation, but remaining Holy or, better yet, the Dominant center of the domain of the faith—would lose none of its prestige and would redound to Italy's credit, and conciliation would come about because the pope would become accustomed to seeing himself as living in his own home, not having a king around.

However, the government refused such suggestions and the king took up residence in the Quirinal Palace. Regarded by Roman citizens