Flame Towers is a trio of skyscrapers in Baku, including the tallest in the country, with a height of 182 m. Towers symbolize the long history of fire worshippers that considered Azerbaijan as a birthplace for the prophet Zoroaster; the buildings consist of 130 residential apartments over 33 floors, a hotel tower that consists of 250 rooms and 61 serviced apartments, office blocks that provides a net 33,114 square meters of office space. The cost of Flame Towers was an estimated US$350 million. Construction began in 2007, with completion in 2012. HOK was the architect for the project, DIA Holdings served as the design-build contractor, Hill International provided project management; the Flame Towers consist of three buildings: South and West. The facades of the three Flame Towers function as large display screens with the use of more than 10,000 high-power LED luminaires, supplied by the Osram subsidiary Traxon Technologies and Vetas Electric Lighting. On June 2014 Lamborghini opened its first branch in Azerbaijan, located on the ground floor of the East tower of the Flame Towers.
The Flame Towers are covered with the LED screens that display the movement of a fire visible from the farthest points of the city. The building was featured in Extreme Engineering, a documentary television series that airs on the Discovery Channel and the Science Channel; the episode called "Azerbaijan's Amazing Transformation" was broadcast on 22 April 2011 as part of Season 9. The Flame Towers appeared prominently in trailers before many entries for the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 hosted in Baku; the towers are a prominent landmark in Battlefield 4, with the first level of the single player campaign taking place in Baku. Additionally, the towers were shown during coverage of the initial Formula One European Grand Prix held in Baku
Baku Crystal Hall
Baku Crystal Hall is an indoor arena in Baku, Azerbaijan. Located on the coast of Baku near National Flag Square, construction of the arena began in August 2011 and finished in April 2012—in time for it to host its first major event, the 2012 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. Baku Crystal Hall was built in order to host the Eurovision Song Contest 2012. On 2 August 2011, the main agreement was signed with Alpine Bau Deutschland AG to construct the venue and preparations for construction had been started in the area. Though the full cost of the contract was not named, the government allocated 6 million AZN for the construction of the venue. On 5 September 2011, it was announced; the arena contains VIP lounges. According to Human Rights Watch, the government of Azerbaijan illegally evicted "dozens" of families from the area in order to construct the arena. Many of the evictions were done forcibly in the middle of the night and without warning. No compensation has been provided; the construction of the arena was expected to be completed by 31 March 2012.
However, there was a delay of three weeks because of weather conditions, the building was announced to have been completed on 16 April 2012. Baku Crystal Hall was opened on 7 May 2012 by the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev and First Lady Mehriban Aliyeva; the total area of the complex is 30,958 m2, while the area of the arena is 10,964 m2. Its height in the middle is 24 m; the arena is lit by 12,000 LED light points with a lighting rate of 850 lux at 1 m height. The corridor around the arena is divided into two symmetrical parts with 15 entrances on each side, including 30 outside entrances; each sector has 10 arena entrances and 16 tribune access points. Along the corridor, there are 10 beverage facilities, 18 catering facilities, 2 first aid points, 36 toilets; the hall can accommodate 27,000 people. The building has a crystalline illuminated façade with numerous LED lights, its shape and façade are response to Azerbaijan's special request for the creation of a visible and visually effective landmark as a bridge between Asia and Europe that will be noticed in an international context.
The LED lights were upgraded to allow different dynamic lighting scenarios to appear in order to highlight the membrane façade and create moods appropriate for the different stages of the events. Baku Crystal Hall's first major event was the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, held at the arena from 22 May to 26 May 2012. Jennifer Lopez and Rihanna performed concerts at Baku Crystal Hall in 2012. Local singer Aygün Kazımova had a concert on 22 September 2017. Christina Aguilera performed a sold-out concert on April 28, 2018. On 28 May 2018, a gala concert to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was held in Crystal Hall. Baku Crystal Hall hosted the 6th e-Sports World Championship held by the International e-Sports Federation in November 2014. Baku Crystal Hall hosted Boxing, Taekwondo and volleyball events during the inaugural 2015 European Games. From 1 to 14 September 2016, Baku Crystal Hall was the venue for FIDE's 42nd Chess Olympiad, where 182 teams from 176 countries participated.
Official website Baku Crystal Hall on the website of constructor Alpine Bau
Armando Christian Pérez, known by the stage name Pitbull, is an American rapper. His first recorded mainstream performance was on a solo track from Lil Jon's 2002 album Kings of Crunk. In 2004, Pitbull released his debut album M. I. A. M. I. Under TVT Records, it included production producers Jim Jonsin. Pitbull released his second album El Mariel, in 2006 and his third, The Boatlift, in 2007, his fourth album, included his breakthrough hit single "I Know You Want Me", which peaked at number two on the US Billboard Hot 100. After rebranding himself as a pop artist, Pitbull's next album, Planet Pit, featured his first US number one single "Give Me Everything", his 2013 track "Timber", topped the charts in twenty nations, including the US and UK. He performed the song "We Are One" along with Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte, which served as the official theme of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Armando Christian Perez was born on January 1981 to Cuban expatriates in Miami, Florida; when he was 3, he could recite the works of poet, José Martí, in Spanish.
Growing up, he was influenced by the Miami bass genre of pop music and has cited Celia Cruz and Willy Chirino as sources of inspiration for his music. Pérez's parents separated when he was young, he was raised by his mother, he attended South Miami Senior High School before graduating from Miami Coral Park High School, where he focused his career on rapping. He said; the dog is too stupid to lose. And they're outlawed in Dade County. They're everything that I am. It's been a constant fight". After meeting Lil Jon in Miami, Pitbull was featured on Lil Jon and the East Side Boyz' album Kings of Crunk in 2002. Pitbull's song "Oye" was featured on the soundtrack to the film 2 Fast 2 Furious the following year. In addition, Pitbull released several mixtapes, composed of freestyles and remixes of popular rap music. Pitbull worked with Uncle Luke during his early career, being featured on Luke's 2001 album Somethin' Nasty, including the single "Lollipop" along with Lil' Zane. In 2001, Pitbull was signed to Luther Campbell's Luke Records by Jullian Boothe the label's vice-president of A&R.
In 2001, Pitbull was introduced to Robert Fernandez of Famous Artist Music & Management, an independent label and management company specializing in developing artists, by the Diaz Brothers, a producer duo signed to the company. Fernandez "saw the eagerness and hunger he had" and, with the Luke Records deal ending, began working to develop Pitbull. Together they focused on creating a more radio-friendly sound. Fernandez told HitQuarters: "At that time his music had a lot of verses and took a long time to get into the hook, so we took time in getting the songs catchier and less on the rap side."Fernandez introduced Pitbull to Lil Jon, hoping to secure the rapper a small guest intro spot on Lil Jon's upcoming album Kings of Crunk. According to Fernandez, Jon offered him a track on the album; this track helped raise the young rapper's profile. In 2004, Pitbull released his debut album M. I. A. M. I. With the lead single being "Culo" produced by the Diaz Brothers, it peaked at No. 32 on No. 11 on the Hot Rap Tracks chart.
Other singles included "Dammit Man", "Back Up", "Toma", "That's Nasty". He joined the 2000 hip-hop concert tour headlined by Eminem and 50 Cent. Pitbull appeared on the Ying Yang Twins' single "Shake", which peaked at No.41 on the Hot 100 and No.12 on the rap chart, Adassa's chart topping single "Kamasutra" & Twista's "Hit the Floor". Remix album Money Is Still a Major Issue was released in November 2005. TVT Records, Pitbull's label at the time, Slip-n-Slide Records disputed over the release of Welcome to the 305, an unreleased album by Slip-n-Slide that Pitbull had recorded in 2001. A Miami judge ruled that Slip-n-Slide had a legal right to release the album as it was recorded when Pitbull was a Slip-N-Slide artist, prior to him signing with TVT Records. A U. S. District Court judge affirmed the decision further. TVT was ordered in March 2007 to pay Slip-n-Slide $9.1 million for attempting to block the album's release to record stores and digital download entities. In 2005 Pitbull and rapper Sean'Diddy' Combs co-founded Bad Boy Latino, a subsidiary of Combs' Bad Boy Records label.
It focuses on Latin hip hop, Latin soul, Latin pop and other tropical music and has offices in New York and Miami, Florida. Along with co-founding it, Pérez heads the A&R division of the label. In January 2006, Pitbull guest-starred in UPN's South Beach. Pitbull recorded "Nuestro Himno" in collaboration with Wyclef Jean, Carlos Ponce, Olga Tañón. On Listennn... the Album, the debut album by Terror Squad member and Miami radio personality DJ Khaled, Pitbull performed on three singles: "Holla at Me" and "Born-N-Raised" alongside other Southern-based rappers. He dedicated the album to his father. Along with the usual party-oriented tracks, Pitbull included politically themed tracks in El Mariel; the album was released on October 31, 2006, included singles "Bojangles", "Ay Chico", "Fuego", duet with Puerto Rican singer Ken-Y, "Dime". El Mariel topped the Billboard independent albums chart and peaked at No. 17 on the Billboard 200 and No. 2 on the rap chart. Pitbull's third album, titled The Boatlift, was
Heydar Aliyev Center
The Heydar Aliyev Center is a 57,500 m2 building complex in Baku, Azerbaijan designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid and noted for its distinctive architecture and flowing, curved style that eschews sharp angles. The center is named after Heydar Aliyev, the first secretary of Soviet Azerbaijan from 1969 to 1982, president of Azerbaijan Republic from October 1993 to October 2003. In 2007, Zaha Hadid was appointed as the design architect of the Center after a competition; the Center houses a gallery hall and a museum. The project is intended to play an integral role in the intellectual life of the city. Located close to the city center, the site plays a pivotal role in the redevelopment of Baku; the Heydar Aliyev Center represents a fluid form which emerges by the folding of the landscape's natural topography and by the wrapping of individual functions of the Center. All functions of the Center, together with entrances, are represented by folds in a single continuous surface; this fluid form gives an opportunity to connect the various cultural spaces whilst at the same time, providing each element of the Center with its own identity and privacy.
As it folds inside, the skin erodes away to become an element of the interior landscape of the Center. Heydar Aliyev Center had an official soft-opening ceremony on 10 May 2012 held by current president of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev. An internationally recognized architectural work, the building of the Heydar Aliyev Center has become a signature landmark of modern Baku due to its innovative and cutting-edge design. Extending on eight floor levels, the center accommodates a 1000-seat auditorium, temporary exhibition spaces, a conference center, a museum; the building was nominated for awards in 2013 at both the World Architecture Festival and the biennial Inside Festival. In 2014, the Center won the Design Museum's Design of the Year Award 2014 despite concerns about the site's human rights record; this makes Zaha Hadid the first woman to win the top prize in that competition. The building was featured in Extreme Engineering, a documentary television series that airs on the Discovery Channel and the Science Channel.
The episode called "Azerbaijan's Amazing Transformation" was aired on April 22, 2011 as part of Season 9. The Building was featured on the "postcard" of Samra Rahimli for the postcard of Azerbaijan at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 and in a Google Doodle in 2017. On June 29, 2012, the Heydar Aliyev Center held the official opening of Crans Montana Forum, attended by President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili, President of Macedonia Gjorge Ivanov, President of Montenegro Filip Vujanović, as well as foreign public figures, MPs, business circles. On July 3, 2012, the Center held the ceremony of the official seeing-off of the Azerbaijani delegation to take part in the XXX Summer Olympic Games in London; the ceremony was attended by the President Republic of Azerbaijan, President of the National Olympic Committee Ilham Aliyev and his spouse Mehriban Aliyeva. Photo banners reflecting the Olympic movement in Azerbaijan were installed in the lobby of the Heydar Aliyev Center.
President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev made a speech at the ceremony. On 20 July 2012, a fire started on the roof of the building at about 11:30am, it was put out by firemen, it was reported that the fire only damaged the roof of the building, leaving the interior only damaged because of the water used by firemen to extinguish the fire. The fire was found to have resulted from negligence in the use of welding equipment in the roof; the resulting damage was found to have had "grave consequences and material damage on a large scale". Subsequent to sixteen months of repairs, it was formally opened on November 5, 2013. On Nov. 2 and 3, 2013, Moscow music theater “Helikon-Opera” under the direction of People's Artist of Russia Dmitry Bertman presented performances at the Heydar Aliyev Center. On Nov. 2, the “Helikon-Opera” presented a gala concert “The Enduring Love”, a program that included lyric songs by Marilyn Monroe, Tina Turner, Elton John, Celine Dion, Whitney Houston, “The Beatles”, with “All You Need is Love”, “I believe in Love”, ”Je Suis Malade”, “Only You”, “Lady in Red”, “Love me Tender” performed.
On Nov.3, the artists of the theater performed the opera “Siberia” by the Italian composer Umberto Giordano staged by Dmitry Bertmann. The opera narrates the story of love between two young people, which starts at brilliant imperial St. Petersburg and ends tragically in hard labor in Siberia. On June 21, 2013, the Center held the exhibition of works by American artist Andy Warhol titled “Life and Beauty” supervised by Gianni Mercurio, dated for the 85th anniversary of the artist; the exhibition for the first time in Azerbaijan displayed over one hundred works by the artist, including featurettes by Warhol. There were shown photos of the author, portraits of the world film and fashion stars, as well as other world-renowned works, including "Flowers" "Camouflage", “The Last Supper”, “Male Hands Praying”, “Electric Chair”, etc. On August 6, the artist's birthday, Baku residents and visitors could visit the exhibition, which ran till September 9. On October 1, 2013, the Heydar Aliyev Center held a personal exhibition of the People's Artist of Azerbaijan, vice-president of the Russian Academy of Arts Tahir Salahov titled “At the turn of the century”.
The exhibition was dated for the 85th anniversary of the artist. His great contribution to the development of the Azerbaijani fine art was highlighted at the exhibition opening; the artistic heritage of Tahir Salahov is an integral part of the art of not o
Jinn mosque is a historical mosque of the XIV century. It is a part of Old City as well as Palace of the Shirvanshahs and located on Gala turn, in the city of Baku, in Azerbaijan; the building was registered as a national architectural monument by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated August 2, 2001, No. 132. The mosque is located in the lower part of the Eastern Gate. There is no inscription on the facade of the mosque, it is believed that it was named after Jinn, a surah in Koran. It was used as a neighborhood mosque; the mosque is in rectangular shape in the plan. It forms single-cell worshipping hall covered with pointed stone dome; the five-tiered corbelled mihrab carved into muqarnas is framed with a rectangle on the southern wall of the interior and forms certain motifs of architectural school of Shirvan-Absheron as a whole. Small niches were placed at the edges; the main facade of the mosque is asymmetrical and its rigid, voluminous composition is emphasized with classic styled portal-entrance.
The portal of the mosque is classical-type. Different views of the mosque Chin Mosque Haji Heybat Mosque Sayyid Yahya Murtuza Mosque
Eurovision Song Contest
The Eurovision Song Contest simply called Eurovision, is an international song competition held among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. Each participating country submits an original song to be performed on live television and radio casts votes for the other countries' songs to determine the winner. At least 50 countries are eligible to compete as of 2018, since 2015, Australia has been allowed as a guest entrant. Winning the Eurovision Song Contest provides a short-term career boost for artists, but results in long-term success. Exceptions include ABBA, Bucks Fizz, Celine Dion, all of whom launched successful careers. Based on the Sanremo Music Festival held in Italy since 1951, Eurovision has been broadcast every year since its inauguration in 1956, making it the longest-running annual international television contest and one of the world's longest-running television programmes, it is one of the most watched non-sporting events, with audience figures of between 100 million and 600 million internationally.
It has been broadcast in several countries that do not compete, such as the United States, New Zealand, China. Since 2000, it has been broadcast online via the Eurovision website. Ireland holds the record for most victories, with seven wins, including four times in five years in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996. Under the current voting system, in place since 2016, the highest-scoring winner is Salvador Sobral of Portugal who won the 2017 contest in Kiev, with 758 points; as a war-torn Europe was rebuilding itself in the 1950s, the European Broadcasting Union —based in Switzerland—set up an ad hoc committee to search for ways of bringing together the countries of the EBU around a "light entertainment programme". At a committee meeting held in Monaco in January 1955 with Marcel Bezençon of the Swiss television as chairman, the committee conceived the idea of an international song contest where countries would participate in one television programme to be transmitted across all countries of the union; the competition was based upon the existing Sanremo Music Festival held in Italy and was seen as a technological experiment in live television.
In those days it was a ambitious project to join many countries together in a wide-area international network. Satellite television did not exist and the Eurovision Network comprised a terrestrial microwave network; the concept known as "Eurovision Grand Prix", was approved by the EBU General Assembly in a meeting held in Rome on 19 October 1955, it was decided that the first contest would take place in spring 1956 in Lugano, Switzerland. The name "Eurovision" was first used in relation to the EBU's network by British journalist George Campey in the London Evening Standard in 1951; the first contest was held in the town of Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated—each submitting two songs, for a total of 14; this was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957, all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by Switzerland; the programme was first known as the "Eurovision Grand Prix". This "Grand Prix" name was adopted by Germany, Denmark and the Francophone countries, with the French designation being Le Grand-Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne.
The "Grand Prix" was dropped in 1973 and replaced with Concours in French and in 2001 with the English name in German, but not in Danish or Norwegian. The Eurovision network is used to carry many news and sports programmes internationally, among other specialised events organised by the EBU. However, in the minds of the public, the name "Eurovision" is most associated with the Song Contest; the format of the contest has changed over the years, though the basic tenets have always been thus: participant countries submit original songs, performed live on a television programme broadcast across the Eurovision Network by the EBU to all countries. A "country" as a participant is represented by one television broadcaster from that country: but not always, that country's national public broadcasting organisation; the programme is hosted by one of the participant countries, the programme is broadcast from the auditorium in the host city. During this programme, after all the songs have been performed, the countries proceed to cast votes for the other countries' songs: nations are not allowed to vote for their own song.
At the end of the programme, the song with the most points is declared as the winner. The winner receives the prestige of having won—although it is usual for a trophy to be awarded to the winning songwriters, the winning country is formally invited to host the event the following year; the programme is invariably opened by one or more presenters. Between the songs and the announcement of the voting, an interval act is performed; these acts can be any form of entertainment. Interval entertainment has included such acts as the Wombles and the first international performance of Riverdance; as national broadcasters join and leave the Eurovision feed transmitted by the EBU, the EBU/Eurovision network logo ident is displayed. The accompanying theme music is the prelude to Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Te Deum; the same logo was used for both
Eurovision Song Contest 2012
The Eurovision Song Contest 2012 was the 57th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Baku, following Ell & Nikki's win at the 2011 contest in Düsseldorf, Germany with the song "Running Scared" — marking the first time that the country had won the contest; the contest was held at the newly constructed Baku Crystal Hall, with semi-finals held on 22 and 24 May 2012, followed by the final held on 26 May 2012. Forty-two countries competed in the contest — one less than the record number of 43 set at the previous contest, with Montenegro returning for the first time since 2009, the withdrawal of Armenia due to security concerns in relation to the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan, Poland due to financial concerns; the contest was won by singer Loreen from Sweden with the song "Euphoria" — written by Thomas G:son and Peter Boström, the song scored a total of 372 points. Russia finished with Serbia finishing in third, they were followed by the host country, which reached the 4th place.
Albania finished 5th. Germany and Spain were the three members of the "Big Five" that managed to rank within the top 10, finishing in 8th, 9th and 10th places respectively; the lead-up to the contest was met with political concerns and protests surrounding the host country, including its human rights record and allegations by advocacy groups that Baku was carrying out forced evictions in the construction of the contest's venue, along with objections to the contest's presence by Iranian officials—who felt that the event was anti-Islamic because it was, according to them, a "gay parade". Azerbaijan got the right to host the 2012 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest after winning the previous 2011 edition with the song "Running Scared" performed by Ell & Nikki. Baku, the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, was named the host city for the contest, with the venue being the Baku Crystal Hall, built a few months prior to the contest on the city's coastline.
Shortly after Azerbaijan's victory at the 2011 edition, officials announced that a new 23,000 seat concert venue was to be built near National Flag Square in Baku, as a potential venue for the event. Three days other venue options were revealed by organisers, such as the 37,000-seat Tofiq Bahramov Stadium and the Heydar Aliyev Sports and Exhibition Complex. On 2 August 2011, Alpine Bau Deutschland AG was awarded the contract to construct the Baku Crystal Hall. Preparations for construction began in the area shortly after the announcement. Though the full cost of the contract was not named, the government allocated 6 million AZN for the construction of the venue. On 8 September 2011, Azad Azerbaijan TV reported that Baku Crystal Hall would be the venue of the contest, but no formal confirmation was made at the time by the EBU. On 31 October 2011, Ismayil Omarov, the director general of Azerbaijani national broadcaster İctimai Television announced that a decision on the venue choice would be taken by the steering committee in January 2012.
On 25 January 2012, it was confirmed. Though the venue had an extended capacity of 23,000 people, only 16,000 people were able to attend each show. Tickets for the contest became available online for purchase on 28 February 2012. In a meeting of the Eurovision Reference Group on 29 June 2011, it was decided that the televoting system would revert the format used most in the 2009 Contest, in which the phone and SMS lines opened for a fifteen-minute window after all songs had been performed, instead of opening before the show starts, the system used between 2010 and 2011; the results format of each show remained the same with each country's votes being decided on a 50:50 split between televoting and a national jury. Each participating country had their own national jury, which consisted of five professional members of the music industry. Under the official rules released on 24 November 2011, the number of participants in the final was raised to 26, including the host nation, the "Big Five", the ten qualifiers from each semi-final.
This was the second time in the Eurovision Song Contest that 26 countries were in the final, the first being the 2003 Contest. The draw that determined the semi-final running order was held on 25 January 2012 at the Buta Palace; the participating countries, excluding the automatic finalists, were split into six pots, based upon how those countries voted in past contests. From these pots, half competed in the first semi-final on 22 May 2012; the other half in that particular pot competed in the second semi-final on 24 May 2012. This draw acted as an approximate running order, in order for the delegations from the countries to know when their rehearsals would commence and determine which semi-final the automatic finalists would be allowed to vote in. 1.^ Armenia withdrew a month and a half after the semi-final allocation draw. The design of the contest was built around the motto "Light your fire!", inspired by the nickname of Azerbaijan itself, "Land of Fire". Each introductory video postcard began with a shot of the artist and performers, followed with the flag and country name in a handwritten font with a background resembling the yellow and red fire of the 2012 theme art.
The postcards consisted of various shots of Azerbaijan, with a caption displaying'Azerbaijan' and underneath'Land of...', which were followed by the name of a town or geographic feature, showing the landscape and culture of the country. Some postca