Grantham is a town in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It straddles the London–Edinburgh East Coast Main Line and the River Witham and is bounded to the west by the A1 north–south trunk road. Grantham lies about 23 miles south of the county town, the City of Lincoln and about 22 miles east of Nottingham; the population in 2016 was put at 44,580. Grantham was the birthplace of the UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Isaac Newton was educated at its King's School, while Thomas Paine worked there as an excise officer in the 1790s. Grantham-born Edith Smith became the United Kingdom's first female police officer in 1914; the town produced the first running diesel engine in 1892 and the UK's first tractor in 1896. Grantham lies close to an ancient Roman road, it was the scene in 1643 of Oliver Cromwell's first win over Royalists during the English Civil War, at Gonerby Moor. The origin of "Grantham" is uncertain, although the name is said to be Old English "Granta+ham", meaning "Granta's homestead".
It appeared as early as 1086 in the Domesday Book in its present form of Grantham, but was recorded variously as Grandham and Graham. The place name element grand could mean "gravel"; the name of the town is the origin of the Scottish surname, now used as a given name, Graham. Late neolithic vessels from a burial were found at Little Gonerby, in the north of the town, in 1875. A number of flint blades have been found, including from near Welham Street to the south-east of the town centre and from near Barrowby where a macehead has been found. At Little Gonerby a neolithic settlement site was discovered with finds of pottery and flints. There have been a number of finds of flint and stone tools including palaeolithic hand-axes, from the Cherry Orchard Estate, to the north-east of the town centre, from near North Lodge on the hill top south of Barrowby. Mesolithic flints have been recovered from the Cherry Orchard Estate as well as from sites to the west of Great Gonerby To the north-east of the town centre a Bronze Age bucket and urn cemetery, with cremation burials and ploughed-out barrows, has been recorded.
Bronze Age flint scatters have been found in several places on the higher ground near Barrowby. At Saltersford a Bronze Age ingot and a rapier were found. There are several ring ditches on the higher ground above Saltersford. According to the Chronicles of Raphael Holinshed, Gorbonianus, a legendary King of the Britons built Grantham between 292 and 282 BC; the Domesday account notes Queen Edith having 12 carucates to the geld, with no arable land outside the village. She had a hall, two carucates and land for three ploughs without geld, 111 burgesses. Ivo had one church and four mills rendering 12 shillings, eight acres of meadow without geld; the lands of Bishop Osmond were described: "In Londonthorpe... is land for two ploughs. This land belongs to the church of Grantham. In Spittlegate, St Wulfram of Grantham has half a carucate of land to the geld. In Great Gonerby, St Wulfram of Grantham has 1 carucate of land. There is land for twelve oxen."On 4 December 1290, the funeral cortège of Eleanor of Castile, accompanied by her husband King Edward I, stopped at Grantham on its way from Lincoln to Westminster Abbey.
An'Eleanor Cross' was erected in the town, although its precise location has not been identified. In 1363 "The Castles and towns of Stamford and Grantham" were granted to Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, fifth son of Edward III of England; the question has been raised as to whether Grantham House was the site of a castle, however, no such site has been reliably identified. The street name "Castlegate" cannot be traced further back than the 17th century. There are references to a Hospital in Grantham as early as the 1330s. Grantham received its Charter of Incorporation in 1463; the town developed. The Nottingham Line arrived first in 1850 the London line – the Towns Line from Peterborough to Retford – arrived in 1852; the Boston and Midland Counties Railway arrived in 1857. The town received gas lighting in 1833; the corporation became a borough council in 1835. Little Gonerby and Spittlegate were added to the borough in 1879; the town had been in the wapentake of Loveden, the town included three townships of Manthorpe with Little Gonerby and Spittlegate with Houghton and Walton.
Grantham Golf Club was founded in 1894. The club continued until the onset of the Second World War; until the 1970s the housing estates west of the town centre were green fields. Green Hill, on the A52, was a green hill. In July 1975 the National Association of Ratepayers' Action Groups was formed in Grantham by John Wilks, its Chairman, being a forerunner of the TaxPayers' Alliance; the town has a long military history dating back to the completion of the Old Barracks in 1858. During the Dambuster Raids Royal Air Force missions in May 1943, the RAF Bomber Command's No. 5 Group and the operation HQ was in St Vincents, a building, owned by Aveling-Barford and housed a district council planning department. It was built by Richard Hornsby in 1865, lived in by Richard Hornsby's son, is now a private house. In 1944, this was the headquarters for the USAAF's Ninth Air Force's IX Troop Carrier Command, being known as Grantham Lodge. During the early part of the war Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet lived in the town.
RAF Spitalgate trained pilots during both world wars as a Royal Flying Corps establishment. It was the first military airfield in Lincolnshire, it has never been an operational bomber base.
Biddulph is a town in Staffordshire, England, 8.5 miles north of Stoke-on-Trent and 4.5 miles south-east of Congleton, Cheshire. Biddulph's name may come from Anglo-Saxon/Old English bī dylfe = "beside the pit or quarry", it may stem from a corruption of the Saxon/Old English Bidulfe, meaning "wolf slayer", as a result the Biddulph family crest is a wolf rampant. In the days of coal and iron, Biddulph was called Bradley Green, the original site of Biddulph being the area in which the parish church, Grange House, the ruins of Biddulph Old Hall stand, it was not until 1930 that the town was marked on Ordnance Survey maps as'Biddulph'. The hamlet of Brown Lees is located in the south of Biddulph civil parish. In common with other parts of the area administered by Staffordshire LEA, the Middle School system operates in Biddulph. Biddulph has one high school with a sixth form called Biddulph High School, it was awarded Sports College status in 2002, it has since gained Technology College status. Biddulph has two middle schools: Woodhouse Middle School and James Bateman Junior High School, serving pupils aged 9–13.
These are fed by several first schools, such as Kingsfield First School, Knypersley First School, Squirrel Hayes First School, Oxhey First School, several more. The supermarket chain Sainsbury's opened a new store in Biddulph in November 2010. JD Wetherspoons opened The Bradley Green on Biddulph High Street on 3 September 2001. In addition to the supermarket development, a number of derelict and semi-derelict buildings were refurbished or rebuilt by the local Councils and private owners; these were in line with the intentions set out in the Town Centre Area Action Plan, which aimed to reverse the spiral of decline that had threatened the long-term viability of the town centre since the early 1990s. A 3000 square metre primary health facility was built for the North Staffordshire Primary Care Trust in the town centre as part of the ongoing regeneration and investment programme. A new cafe for youngsters,'Biddulph Young People's Place' opened in March 2011 at Kingsfield First School after a year of planning and fund-raising.
In 2011 Biddulph, which has a population of approx. 20,000, was left without a post office for 4 months when the small supermarket in which it was situated closed down. A temporary Post Office was set up in the town hall car park. A new Post Office was opened in October 2013 at the northern end of Biddulph High Street. Biddulph had its railway station opened by the North Staffordshire Railway in 1864; the station was on the Biddulph Valley Line that ran from a junction just north of Congleton on the Stoke-on-Trent – Macclesfield line to a junction south of Stoke-on-Trent station. There was a canal rail interchange at Congleton Junction; the remains of the small dock on the Macclesfield Canal can still be seen. D&G Bus provides bus services to Hanley and to Leek and the No. 94 goes north to Congleton and south to Tunstall and Newcastle-under-Lyme First Potteries provides a bus service to Hanley. Within the bowl created by the ridges of Mow Cop and Biddulph Moor, the main sights of note include. A dominant feature on hills above the village is Mow Cop Castle, a folly of a ruined castle at the summit of the hill, built in the 1750s.
Biddulph is home to Biddulph Grange, a house and landscaped gardens owned by the National Trust. James Bateman landowner and horticulturist, developed Biddulph Grange Robert Bateman painter and horticultural designer. Jack Simcock painter, studied at Burslem School of Art, known for "a long series of bleak, sombre oils on board" of the Mow Cop area Professor Brian Scarlett academic noted for his contributions to particle technology Joan Walley Labour Party politician, MP for Stoke-on-Trent North 1987 / 2015. Malcolm Bailey former footballer, 174 appearances for Altrincham F. C. Roger Elkin poet and reviewer has won over 200 prizes in poetry competitions. John Farmer former footballer, made 163 appearances for Stoke City F. C. Phil Dowd retired professional football referee Rob Bailey cricket umpire and former player for Northants James Wilson professional footballer, plays for Manchester United F. C. now on loan to Aberdeen F. C. Fusignano, Italy Media related to Biddulph at Wikimedia Commons
Chippenham is a large historic market town in northwest Wiltshire, England. It lies 20 miles east of Bristol, 86 miles west of London and 4 miles west of The Cotswolds AONB; the town was established on a crossing of the River Avon and some form of settlement is believed to have existed there since before Roman times. It was a royal vill, a royal hunting lodge, under Alfred the Great; the town continued to grow when the Great Western Railway arrived in 1841. Chippenham is twinned with La Flèche in Friedberg in Germany; the town's motto is Loyalty. Chippenham is in western Wiltshire, at a prominent crossing of the River Avon, between the Marlborough Downs to the east, the southern Cotswolds to the north and west and Salisbury Plain to the southeast; the town is surrounded by sparsely populated countryside and there are several woodlands in or near the town, such as Bird's Marsh, Vincients Wood and Briars Wood. Suburbs include Cepen Park, Monkton, Pewsham, Primrose Hill, Frogwell, The Folly, Queens Crescent, Fenway Park, Hill Rise, loosely corresponding to local government wards.
Chippenham lies 4 miles south of the M4 motorway, which links the town to Bristol, South Wales and London. The A4 former coach road, A420 and B4069 provide further road links to Bath and Oxford; the town is bypassed to the west by the A350, which links the M4 motorway with Chippenham and nearby towns to the south, such as Melksham and Trowbridge. The A4 national route crosses the southern part of the town, linking Chippenham to nearby Corsham and Bath. Local councillors have called for an eastern extension linking the A4 to the A350 north of Cepen Park, although this has been opposed by many residents. Chippenham has a bus station with several companies serving it; these include Stagecoach with the route 55 to Swindon, Faresaver with the X31 to Bath, X34 to Trowbridge and Frome, 33 to Devizes as well as several local routes, Coachstyle with the 92 to Malmesbury. First Bus operate a small number of late evening buses on the X31 route. A smaller secondary bus station is located at Town Bridge, which serves as a hub for short routes within the town, as well as National Express coach services for destinations including Bristol, Northampton and the South West.
Chippenham railway station is on the Great Western Main Line and is served by services between London Paddington and the West Country via Bristol Temple Meads or Swindon, is famous for its railway arches and other buildings engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel as part of the Great Western Railway development. It is served by main line services and a smaller service to Southampton Central via Melksham and Salisbury, it is being electrified to make train times faster from London to the West Country. The original Buttercross, a stone structure, was erected in c. 1570 and stood at the centre of the Shambles, at the current location of Barclays Bank. It was used for the sale of dairy products. In 1889, Mr E. C. Lowndes bought the Buttercross for £6 and re-erected it as a gazebo in the kitchen garden of the Castle Combe Manor House, where it subsequently fell into disrepair; the Buttercross was re-erected in 1995 by the Chippenham Civic Society, funded by many local people and organisations. It stands as the centre-piece of the pedestrianised area of the town centre, where a market is held each Friday and Saturday.
The Yelde Hall is one of few remaining medieval timber framed buildings in the town. It was divided up internally for use as a market hall. Both the hall and its meeting room upstairs were used by the burgess and bailiff for a variety of meetings and trials as well as for Council meetings; the space under the Council Chamber was used as the town gaol. Bird's Marsh is a woodland of about 24 hectares, to the north of the town, it is home to many kinds of wildlife, a popular place for walkers, due to its large size and surrounding countryside. One way into Bird's Marsh is through a field close to the Morrisons supermarket, just south of the roundabout on the A350. There are access points off Hill Corner Road and Jacksom's Lane. Although not a marsh, the ground can be boggy off the well-marked paths. In 2008, developers made a planning enquiry about building 800 homes around the Bird's Marsh area. In 2012, developers won the right to build on this area, despite fierce opposition from resident groups.
In 2013, after nearly five years of campaigning, the protesters achieved partial success. Chippenham's population has grown in recent years to 28,065, an increase of 11% from the 1991 figure of 25,376; this rapid expansion can be attributed to the development of large housing estates such as the large Cepen Park district to the west of the town, the Pewsham development to the east. By 2007 the figure had reached 34,820. Further housing developments progressed, though on a smaller scale. Council projections for 2009 estimated a population of 42,060, the actual figure was 43,880. Projections for 2012 estimated a population of 44,820, would have made Chippenham the highest town population in Wiltshire, with the exception of Swindon, thus larger than Salisbury; the 2011 census revealed this figure to have been exceeded, the census predicts, using a trend-based projection, by 2026, a total mid-year population of 49,340. The Anglo-
Monk Bretton is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. It lies two miles north-east from Barnsley town centre. Monk Bretton has been a settlement since medieval times and was known as just'Bretton', it is sometimes thought to have taken its name from the twelfth-century Adam fitz Swain de Bretton, whose family owned much land in the area and who founded Monk Bretton Priory. However, in the Domesday Book of 1086 the area is known as Brettone, the name may have meant'Farmstead of the Britons', suggesting that a remnant of the old Romano-British population may have lived here into the Anglo-Saxon period. According to Domesday Book, the local Saxon lord in 1066 had been an individual called Wulfmer, who by 1086 had been replaced by a Norman lord, Illbert de Lacey, a major landholder associated with many other locations in the county. By 1225 the village was referred to as Munkebretton, ‘munke’ referring to the monks of the nearby Priory. In 1444, Sir William de Bretton gave to Thomas Haryngton and other trustees and tenements in Monk Bretton, which his father and grandfather had leased to the prior and convent for a term of years.
The mediaeval village cross, today known as the ‘Butter Cross’, still survives, standing at the junction of High Street and Cross Street. This precious monument had the go ahead for a traffic island to protect it in 2011; the scheme, costing £106,000 saw the road junction widened for buses and other large vehicles to pass on the correct side of the road rather than the opposite as in previous years. The cross may have had a social as well as a place to meet and hear news; the village park shows traces of mediaeval ridge and furrow cultivation. An act of 1609 gave all freeholders of Monk Bretton manorial rights and, since it was not repealed, technically everyone who owns freehold property or land is a ‘lord’ of the village. On Burton Bank is a Quaker burial ground dating from the 1650s; the land was donated by a local benefactor, George Ellis, the first recorded burial on the site took place in 1657. A small meeting house was erected, which became a focus for local Quakers up until the 19th century.
An almshouse was still in existence 180 years later. Although the nearby Priory formed a Christian community, Monk Bretton did not possess a church until 1838; the village formed part of the extensive parish of Royston. In 1838 the foundation stone for the first church was laid on a site donated by Sir George Wombwell, at the corner of Cross Street and Burton Road. A new chapelry district, separating Monk Bretton from Royston parish and enabling'baptisms and burials', was created by Queen Victoria by an order in Council on 22 July 1843; the first church was replaced by the present St Paul's Church in 1878. The church, built in the late Decorated style, is now a grade II listed building; the churchyard contains 16 burials from the 1866 Oaks Colliery explosion. In 1801, Monk Bretton had a population of 480. By the 1870s, this had grown to just over 1900, according to John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales 1870–72. Wilson stated that besides its church, Monk Bretton had three Methodist chapels, as well as a national school and six alms-houses.
Monk Bretton Colliery opened in 1870. The colliery was modernised on nationalisation and pit head baths, which still stand today, were opened. A village Miners' Welfare Hall was opened in Cross Street; the colliery was closed in 1968. Monk Bretton once possessed some of the most historic buildings in the Barnsley area, but these were never preserved; the Manor House and several other interesting structures on Cross Street and High Street disappeared in the 1960s. Demolished was Monk Bretton'Castle', a folly on Burton Bank built by a local priest as a look-out tower or observatory and subsequently used for the lighting of beacons on occasions such as royal events and the end of wars. Only Manor Farm remains, the oldest structure still standing is a 17th-century barn at the junction of Cross Street and Westgate, belonging to the farm; the village expanded in the 19th and 20th centuries with the building of new housing estates, so that today Monk Bretton more or less merges into nearby Lundwood, Carlton and Smithies.
The village is served by several pubs, shops, a post office and various other local amenities, is a 10-minute car journey from Barnsley town centre. A Stagecoach bus service connects the village with Barnsley Interchange; the railway station closed in 1937. There is a disused former Quaker burial ground, a site described by Barnsley historian Brian Elliott as being'of regional and national importance, as one of the earliest Quaker burial grounds in the country'. There is a modern cemetery, which contains the grave of former Barnsley, Manchester United and England striker Tommy Taylor, killed in the Munich air disaster on 6 February 1958, he was born in Barnsley on 29 January 1932 and lived in the town until he joined Manchester United in 1953. The nearby Priory of St Mary Magdalene of Lund, a ruined former Cluniac house, is known as Monk Bretton Priory although it lies outside the modern village in what is today called Lundwood and close to the old hamlet of Littleworth; the Priory and the village were all constituent parts of the manor of Monk Bretton.
The Ardagh Glass plant Redfearns Glass, lies at the edge of the village and was the largest glassworks in Europe. It keeps alive Barnsley's glassmaki
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are located in rural areas, the term urban village is applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are permanent, with fixed dwellings. Further, the dwellings of a village are close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement. In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village. In many cultures and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them; the Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in factories. This enabled specialization of labor and crafts, development of many trades; the trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village is small, consisting of 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were located adjacent to fishing grounds. "The soul of India lives in its villages," declared M. K. Gandhi at the beginning of 20th century. According to the 2011 census of India, 68.84% of Indians live in 640,867 different villages. The size of these villages varies considerably. 236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Most of the villages have their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious following. In Afghanistan, the village, or deh is the mid-size settlement type in Afghan society, trumping the hamlet or qala, though smaller than the town, or shār. In contrast to the qala, the deh is a bigger settlement which includes a commercial area, while the yet larger shār includes governmental buildings and services such as schools of higher education, basic health care, police stations etc.
Auyl is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in Kazakhstan. According to the 2009 census of Kazakhstan, 42.7% of Kazakhs live in 8172 different villages. To refer to this concept along with the word "auyl" used the Slavic word "selo" in Northern Kazakhstan. People's Republic of China In mainland China, villages 村 are divisions under township Zh:乡 or town Zh:镇. Republic of China In the Republic of China, villages are divisions under townships or county-controlled cities; the village is called a tsuen or cūn under a rural township and a li under an urban township or a county-controlled city. See Li. Japan South Korea In Brunei, villages are the third- and lowest-level subdivisions of Brunei below districts and mukims. A village is locally known by the Malay word kampung, they may be villages in the traditional or anthropological sense but may comprise delineated residential settlements, both rural and urban. The community of a village is headed by a village head. Communal infrastructure for the villagers may include a primary school, a religious school providing ugama or Islamic religious primary education, compulsory for the Muslim pupils in the country, a mosque, a community centre.
In Indonesia, depending on the principles they are administered, villages are called Kampung or Desa. A "Desa" is administered according to traditions and customary law, while a kelurahan is administered along more "modern" principles. Desa are located in rural areas while kelurahan are urban subdivisions. A village head is called kepala desa or lurah. Both are elected by the local community. A desa or kelurahan is the subdivision of a kecamatan, in turn the subdivision of a kabupaten or kota; the same general concept applies all over Indonesia. However, there is some variation among the vast numbers of Austronesian ethnic groups. For instance, in Bali villages have been created by grouping traditional hamlets or banjar, which constitute the basis of Balinese social life. In the Minangkabau area in West Sumatra province, traditional villages are called nagari. In some areas such as Tanah Toraja, elders take; as a general rule and kelurahan are groupings of hamlets. A kampung is defined today as a village in Indonesia.
Kampung is a term used in Malaysia, for "a Malay hamlet or village in a Malay-speaking country". In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Since historical times, every Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu, who has the power to hear civil matters in his village. A Malay village contains a "masjid" or "surau", paddy fields and Malay houses on st
Bingham is an English market town in the Rushcliffe borough of Nottinghamshire, nine miles east of Nottingham, 11.7 miles south-west of Newark-on-Trent and 15 miles west of Grantham. The town had a population of 9,131 at the 2011 UK census. Bingham lies near the junction of the A46 and the A52; the neighbouring communities are Radcliffe-on-Trent, East Bridgford, Car Colston, Aslockton, Whatton-in-the-Vale and Cropwell Butler. The place-name Bingham seems to contain an Old English personal name, Bynna + ingahām; the Romans built a fortress at Margidunum and a settlement at the river crossing at Ad Pontem on the Fosse Way, which ran between Isca and Lindum. The south-east of Nottinghamshire formed the wapentake of Bingham. Bingham acquired a market charter in 1341. Bingham has expanded vastly since the 1950s, much of the housing is new. Most of the older buildings are in the centre. About 500 houses are being built bordering the existing Mill Hill estate. There have been concerns that the 1,000+ people who will move into these new houses will require services which the local councils seem reluctant to provide, despite the large sums gained for the Exchequer from the sale of the land in public ownership.
Another 1,000 houses are planned as part of future Bingham, north of the railway line. The A46, to the west of the town, was upgraded and completed in 2013 as a grade-separated dual carriageway; the Widmerpool-Newark Improvement has been diverted to the west of the former Roman town to preserve archaeological remains. The A52 bypass to the south of the town opened in December 1986. There are four schools in Bingham: Robert Miles Infant school, Robert Miles Junior School, Carnarvon Primary School and the comprehensive Toot Hill School; the Anglican parish Church of St. Mary and All Saints, occupies a Grade I listed medieval building restored in 1845–46 and again in 1912, it has a peel of a 19th century organ. It belongs to the Diocese of Nottingham. A new Bingham Methodist Church and social centre, built by public subscription, opened on 1 April 2016 at Eaton Place, on the site of the earlier church, it belongs to the Vale of Belvoir Circuit. Archive documents for Bingham Methodist Circuit date back to 1843.
Although Bingham is a dormitory town for Nottingham, it has a number of thriving businesses and a busy centre. The town has a shop vacancy rate of just 2% against an East Midlands average of 16%.* There are 20 takeaways and places to eat, 11 hairdressers/salons, 5 estate agents and 39 other retail outlets. There is a open-air food market in the central Market Place every Thursday, a farmers' market there on the third Saturday of the month. Bingham provides shopping and other services to those in the surrounding villages. Planning permission has been obtained to build a large supermarket near the town centre, but construction has not yet commenced. In March 2015 planning permission was granted for two other chain supermarkets. To the north of the town is an industrial estate with about 40 businesses; the largest include GWIBS 24/7, Focus Label Machinery, Trent Designs, XACT Document Solutions, The Workplace Depot and Water at Work, as well as a business club. Bingham was a location in Midlands film director Shane Meadows' film Twenty Four Seven, which contained scenes shot at Toot Hill top field, The Linear Walk and Bingham Boxing Club.
Bingham has been in two episodes of Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, as well as some episodes of Crossroads, Woof! and Boon. Robot Wars series 3, Jungle Run and scenes from Shane Meadows' 2006 film This is England were filmed nearby on the former RAF Newton site. Dickinson's Real Deal was filmed at the Bingham Leisure centre in 2015 and broadcast on TV on ITV1 in March 2016. Four in a Bed, Series 11 Episode 18, was filmed at Bingham Townhouse Hotel in May 2016 and first aired in late autumn 2016. In birth order: Thomas Foster, first-class cricketer with Nottingham Cricket Club, was born in Bingham. Robert Lowe, first Viscount Sherbrooke, was a statesman born in Bingham into the family of the Rector of the parish. Thomas Brown, first-class cricketer, was born in Bingham. Philip Miles, first-class cricketer, was born in Bingham. John Brown, first-class cricketer was born in Bingham. Albert Widdowson, first-class cricketer Harry Churchill Beet, awarded a Victoria Cross for valour at Wakkerstroom, South Africa, in the Second Boer War on 22 April 1900, was born at Brackendale Farm near Bingham.
Stafford Castledine, first-class cricketer, was born in Bingham. Mary Joynson, director of Barnardo's from 1973 to 1984, was born in Bingham. Spencer Cozens is a Bingham-born musician and producer. Joe Heyes is a professional rugby union player for Leicester Tigers from Bingham. Bingham Leisure Centre has a swimming pool; the facilities are attached to Toot Hill School. There used to be six pubs in the town, of which three remain as such: the White Lion, the Butter Cross Wetherspoons and the Horse and Plough; the Moot House has been redeveloped, the former Bingham has reopened as a pub-restaurant and has been renamed the Wheatsheaf. Bingham has Scout troops totalling around 140 young people. 1st Bingham Scouts includes Cubs. The town's sports clubs are: British Canoe Union Bingham Town Youth Football C
Whittlesey is an English city 6 miles east of Peterborough in the Fenland district of Cambridgeshire. Including the neighbouring villages of Coates, Eastrea and Turves, it had a population of 16,058 at the 2011 Census; the town is still left without a bridge over the local rail crossings, which continues to infuriate locals. Whittlesey appears in the Cartularium Saxonicum as'Witlesig', in the Domesday Book as'Witesie', in the Inquisitio Eliensis as'Wittleseia'; the meaning is "Witel's island", deriving from either Witil, "the name of a moneyer", or a diminutive of Witta, a personal name. Excavations of nearby Flag Fen indicate thriving local settlements as far back as 1000 BC. At Must Farm quarry, a Bronze Age settlement is described as "Britain's Pompeii" due to its good condition. In 2016 it was being excavated by the University of Cambridge's Cambridge Archaeological Unit. At Must Farm at least five homes of 3,000 years in age have been found, along with Britain's most complete prehistoric wooden wheel, dating back to the late Bronze Age.
In more recent times Whittlesey was linked to Peterborough in the west and March in the east by the Roman Fen Causeway built in the 1st century AD. Roman artefacts have been recovered at nearby Eldernell, a Roman skeleton was discovered in the nearby village of Eastrea during construction of its village hall in 2010; the town's two parishes of St Mary's and St Andrew's were controlled by the abbeys in Thorney and Ely until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The two parishes were combined for administrative purposes by the Whittlesey Improvement Act of 1849. Despite the proximity of Peterborough, Whittlesey is in the Diocese of Ely; until it was drained in 1851, nearby Whittlesey Mere was a substantial lake surrounded by marsh. According to the traveller Celia Fiennes, who saw it in 1697, the mere was "3 mile broad and six mile long. In the midst is a little island where a great store of Wildfowle breed.... The ground is all wett and marshy but there are severall little Channells runs into it which by boats people go up to this place.
The town is still accessible by water, connected to the river Nene by King's Dyke, which forms part of the Nene/Ouse Navigation link. Moorings can be found at Ashline Lock, alongside the Manor Leisure Centre's cricket and football pitches.> Whittlesey was significant for its brickyards, around which the former hamlet of King's Dyke was based for much of the 20th century, although only one now remains, following the closure of the Saxon brickworks in 2011. The local clay soil was used to make cob boundary walls during a period in which there was a brick tax; some examples of these roofed walls still are claimed to be unique in Fenland. Clay walls predate the introduction of brick tax in other parts of the country, some were thatched. Whittlesey had a large number of public houses. In 1797, a local farmer noted in his diary "they like drinking better than fighting in Whittlesea."Whittlesey was an important trade route in the late Bronze Age. Evidence for this was found at the archaeological site of Must Farm, where log boats, bowls with food in them, the most complete wooden wheel were housed.
St Mary's Church is 15th century. The church has one of the largest buttressed spires in Cambridgeshire, it contains a chapel, restored in 1862 as a memorial to Sir Harry Smith. St Andrew's Church is a mixture of the Perpendicular and Decorated styles of Gothic, has records back to 1635; the Market Place is the site of the town's market, held every Friday. A right to hold a weekly market was first granted in 1715, although there have been several periods since during which the market did not function, for example from the late 1700s until about 1850. In the centre of the Market Place is the Buttercross, dating back to 1680. A place for people to sell goods at market, the structure was considered useless in the 1800s and was only saved from demolition when a local businessman donated some slate tiles for the roof, it served as a bus shelter, until the relocation of bus services from the Market Place to a purpose-built terminal in Grosvenor Road. Whittlesey is between Peterborough, 6 miles to the west, March, 11 miles to the east, is bordered to the north by the River Nene and to the south by Whittlesey Dyke.
It was connected to Peterborough and March by the Roman road Fen Causeway constructed in the first century AD, a route followed by the modern A605. Whittlesea railway station, using the town name's older spelling, is on the Ely to Peterborough Line, with direct trains to Cambridge, Liverpool, Stansted Airport, Ely and Peterborough; the Whittlesey Summer Festival, held annually in September, takes over much of the town centre. Attractions in recent years have included a classic car display, an Italian food stall, fairground rides, a steam engine, in 2009, a flying display by a Hawker Hurricane of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. An art competition, for students of Sir Harry Smith Community College runs with the festival, with entries displayed throughout the day in the Whittlesey Christian Church. At the 2009 festival people of Whittlesey raised £10,000 for bushfire victims in Whittlesea, Melbourne. From 2011 to 2015 there was a planning battle between rival supermarket chains Tesco and