Millennium Coastal Park
The Millennium Coastal Park was a project undertaken by Llanelli Borough Council to transform a 12 miles stretch of industrial wasteland on the south Carmarthenshire coast into green parkland. The project was taken over by Carmarthenshire County Council after the amalgamation of Welsh local authorities and the land was transformed into a landscaped recreational area for the general public; the park is 1000 hectares in area, cost £35 million to develop and in 2002 was awarded a Civic Trust Award. It has extensive views over the Lloughor Estuary to the Gower Peninsula, it includes a cycle track which provides traffic-free cycling and has been described as "one of the finest stretches of the whole National Cycle Network". Another feature is a wave-shaped, grass-covered landform, created from 115,000 cubic metres pulverised fuel ash, a form of "land art". Another part of the project is the Burry Port Marina which provides berthing for 250 craft in three harbours; the Discovery Centre on the waterfront provides information on its facilities.
The Lloughor estuary is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and is within the Carmarthen Bay Special Area of Conservation. The Millennium Coastal Park offers various wildlife habitats such as wetlands and rough grassland, these are preserved in the Pwll Lagoon Local Nature Reserve, the Ashpits Pond Local Nature Reserve and the North Dock Dunes Local Nature Reserve; the park offers views of the Gower Peninsula on the other side of the Loughor estuary, features a variety of visitor attractions including the North Dock visitor centre, National Wetlands Centre Wales at Penclacwydd and Sandy Water Park. The Millennium Coastal Path runs through the park. WWT National Wetlands Centre
The A478 road is in Wales. The road crosses the Preseli Hills and, for all of its route, winds through farmland; the northern two-thirds of the A478 was a drovers' road, used for transporting goods and livestock to and from West Wales and Ireland. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Cardigan was a port, the commercial centre of the region and the most important port in South Wales, exporting slate, oats and butter. In 1815, it possessed 314 ships totaling 12,554 long tons; this was three times more than Swansea. It had a thriving shipbuilding industry, with over 200 vessels being built both in Cardigan and downstream in the village of Llandudoch; when Cardigan was connected to the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway in 1886, the decline of the port was hastened. The river silted up and larger vessels could no longer reach the port, which had become inactive by the early part of the 20th century; the A478 was turnpiked during the 18th century. There have been only minor and local deviations in the route, principally to improve river crossings and eliminate dangerous bends.
Short sections of the original road, little more than a country lane, can still be seen, as can some early stone bridges. Starting from the roundabout with the A487 south of Cardigan, the A478 soon crosses the county boundary into Pembrokeshire at Glanpwllafon, to continue through Pen-y-bryn and Bridell. Over the River Plysgog and after Rhoshill crosses the B4332 Eglwyswrw-Cenarth road; the road climbs the northern slopes of the eastern end of the Preseli Hills through Blaenffos village, bridging the River Nevern at Riverlea, to Crymych village. Still at an altitude of over 200 metres, the A478 passes through Pentre Galar hamlet, crosses the county boundary to Carmarthenshire and passes a viewpoint near the summit of Carn Wen, where it reaches its highest altitude of 260 metres; the scars of extensive quarrying at Carn Wen are visible from the road. Passing through Glandy Cross and Efailwen the A478 crosses the county boundary back into Pembrokeshire, passing through Llandissilio to the railway station at Clunderwen.
The A478 crosses the A40 trunk road between Llanddewi Velfrey and Penblewin, to the west of St Clears, at the Penblewin roundabout and passes through Narberth town centre where it meets the B4314. After Narberth, the road passes through Camp Hill and Templeton crosses the A4115 near Templeton Airfield. After passing the Folly Farm Adventure Park and Zoo and continuing through Begelly it crosses the A477 road on a roundabout; the B4316, a left turn, is to Saundersfoot an alternative way to Saundersfoot. Continuing on the A478 and passing through Pentlepoir and Moreton at the roundabout at Twycross it reconnects with the other end of the B4316; the A478 continues to New Hedges and soon the coast is reached near Tenby harbour. The A478 ends at the junctions with Tenby High Street; the majority of traffic on the A478 is agricultural and, in season, tourist traffic. In 2012, Pembrokeshire County Council said the A478 at New Hedges, near Tenby, carried an average of 9,900 vehicles a day. There were 10 deaths as a result of road accidents on the A478 between 1999 and 2010, compared with the county's total of 80 road deaths for that period.
British road numbering scheme
Shrewsbury railway station
Shrewsbury railway station is in Shrewsbury, England. Built in 1848, it was designated a grade II listed building in 1969; the station is 43 miles north west of Birmingham New Street. Many services starting at or passing through the station are bound for Wales. Shrewsbury was the busiest station in Shropshire and 14th busiest in the West Midlands in 2014-15; the station was known as Shrewsbury General and is the only remaining railway station in the town. Shrewsbury railway station was built in October 1848 for the county's first railway — the Shrewsbury to Chester Line; the architect was Thomas Mainwaring Penson of Oswestry. The building is unusual, in that the station was extended between 1899 and 1903 by the construction of a new floor underneath the original station building; the building style was imitation Tudor, complete with carvings of Tudor style heads around the window frames. This was done to match the Tudor building of Shrewsbury School directly opposite; the station's platforms extend over the River Severn.
It was operated jointly by the London and North Western Railway. At Shrewsbury in steam days, the GWR turned its locomotives by running round the triangle formed by using the Abbey Foregate loop, which links the Wolverhampton Line with the Welsh Marches Line and enables through running for freight trains, summer Saturday specials and for trains like the Cambrian Coast Express; until 1967 Shrewsbury was served by the GWR, latterly BR Western Region, express services between London Paddington and Birkenhead Woodside railway station. The station was given Grade II listed status in May 1969. On Platform Three is a metal plaque listing 42 employees of the London and North Western and Great Western Joint Railways who died serving in the armed forces in'the Great War', with figures of a soldier and sailor and representations of a cannon and steamship, it was restored and rededicated in 2010. Inside the Railtrack offices is a decorative metal plaque to 14 "heroes" of the LNWR's Locomotive Department in Shrewsbury who died serving in World War I, placed there in December 1920.
Preserved is a framed Roll of Honour listing employees of the GWR nationally who died in the war. On 15 October 1907, a mail train hauled by Experiment class locomotive No. 2052 Stephenson was derailed at Shrewsbury due to excessive speed on a curve. Eighteen people were killed. Arwel Hughes composed Tydi a roddaist in 20 minutes during a wait between train connections in 1938. A plaque to mark this was unveiled on Platform Three in 2004. On 6 November 2017, an Arriva Train Wales Class 175 DMU, numbered 175109, caught fire at the morning; this caused the station to be evacuated for two hours. There were no fatalities. There are five platforms in use, numbered 3 to 7. Of these, platforms 4, 5, 6 and 7 are grouped on a main island, while platforms 1, 2 and 3 are separate, located by the main station building; the platforms are numbered in order from west to east from 1 to 7. Platform 3 was until only used by trains running in from the Wolverhampton direction and out towards Chester. Changes made to the signalling and track now allow additional passenger trains to use platform 3.
A passenger lift was opened on a waiting room opened shortly after. A lift has been built for access to platforms 4-7, making the station accessible for wheelchair and mobility-impaired users. Platforms 4 and 7 are through platforms used for trains between Holyhead and Cardiff Central/Birmingham International and between Manchester Piccadilly and Cardiff Central and Milford Haven. Platforms 5 and 6 are bay platforms, used for trains to and from Aberystwyth and Birmingham, as well as trains for the Heart of Wales Line and local stopping trains to Birmingham New Street; the island platforms are connected to the main station building and platform 3 by a pedestrian subway running underneath the station. A pedestrian footbridge over the platforms still exists but has long been disconnected from the station. All platforms are fitted with CIS screens and automatic announcement speakers and there are customer help points on platforms 3 and 4. Ticket gates are in operation. Ticket machines are available for collecting pre-paid tickets.
A buffet and vending machines selling snacks and drinks are sited between platforms 4 & 7. Opposite platform 7 is a high concrete wall that divides the rest of the station from what could be considered to be platform 8; this platform does not see any use and was built for the use of transporting prisoners from the local prison in The Dana. It is believed that this platform was only used on several times a year between 1868 up until just before the First World War. Alternate hourly service from Holyhead via Chester and Wrexham General to Birmingham
Llanelli is the largest town in both the county of Carmarthenshire and the preserved county of Dyfed, Wales. Located on the Loughor estuary 10 miles northwest of Swansea and 12 miles southeast of the county town, Llanelli is famous for its proud rugby tradition and for being a centre of tinplate production. There are many communities in the Llanelli Rural district; those that surround the town are unofficially referred to as Llanelli. The spelling'Llanelly' is an anglicised form, used until 1966, after which it was changed following a local public campaign; this is evident in the name of the local historic building,'Llanelly House'. It can lead to confusion with the village and parish, in south-east Wales near Abergavenny; the town lies on the River Lliedi, although much of the river is not visible in the town centre, where the river is underneath the town. The first beginnings of Llanelli can be found on the lands of present day Parc Howard. An Iron Age hill fort once stood, called Bryn-Caerau.
Evidence suggests. During the dark ages a saint named Elli or Ellyw who in legend is the son or daughter of King Brychan set up a church on the banks of the Afon Lliedi, it was around this time that the people of Bryn-Caerau began to come down the hill either to the Felinfoel area or to near Saint Ellyw's church. This was the start of the building of its church; the church would've been a wooden or stone thatched chapel. It wasn't until the 1200s that they built a stone church; however the church was rebuilt at the beginning of the 20th century. The reason the church still looks old is. A mining town, Llanelli grew in the 18th century and 19th century with the mining of coal and the tinplate industry and steelworks. Many of these industries were served by the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway which opened in 1803. Llanelli became such a significant regional producer of tin that it was referred to as "Tinopolis" by the latter half of the 19th century; the closure of coal mines and competition from overseas steel plants meant that Llanelli, like many other towns in southern Wales, saw significant and sustained economic decline from the late 1970s.
People from Llanelli are sometimes nicknamed "Turks". The origin of this name is uncertain. One theory is. Llanelli has hosted the National Eisteddfod six times: in 1895, 1903, 1930, 1962, 2000 and 2014. In the mid-20th century, Llanelli was the largest town in the world where more than half the population spoke a Celtic language, it is ranked the 7th largest urban area in Wales. According to the 2011 UK Census returns, 23.7% of Llanelli town residents could speak the Welsh language. However the area around Llanelli is a Welsh stronghold where 56% speak Welsh, in communities such as Llwynhendy and Burry Port. During the 1950s, Trefor and Eileen Beasley campaigned to get Llanelli Rural Council to distribute tax papers in Welsh by refusing to pay taxes until their demand was met; the council reacted by sending in the bailiffs and selling their furniture to recover the money owed. The Beasleys' neighbours returned it to them; the council reversed this policy during the 1960s when they accepted that the Welsh language should be equal with the English language.
In 1991 Llanelli was a distinct Travel to Work Area, but the 2001-based revision has merged the locality into a wider Swansea Bay Travel to Work Area. The area around Llanelli in eastern Carmarthenshire is home to a number of manufacturing companies, many of which service the automotive industry; the Technium Performance Engineering Centre was developed at Llanelli Gate as a business incubator for businesses in the automotive and aerospace sectors. The traditional industries of Llanelli have been in gradual decline over recent decades and local government has responded by promoting developments such as the Machynys Golf Course, new retail parks at Trostre and Pemberton, the Millennium Coastal Park, to help attract tourism; the core shopping area has now relocated from the town centre to the Trostre/Pemberton area. Llanelli has a brewing tradition, with the Felinfoel Brewery in Felinfoel, located just outside the town; the Reverend James Buckley was an ordained Methodist minister, born in Oldham, Lancashire in 1770.
After moving to Llanelli towards the end of the 18th century, he became involved in the establishment of a small brewery in the town. After the death of the owner, the Rev. Buckley came into the possession of the brewery and changed its name to Buckley's Brewery. In 1998, the brewery was purchased by Brains Brewery, production was transferred to their brewery in Cardiff. However, Brains continue to produce a bitter named in memory of the Reverend; the brewery has now been demolished. Over the past decade, the emphasis on heavy industry that once played an important part in the district has changed to an emphasis on creating tertiary sector employment in leisure and tourism. Llanelli is now being developed as a leisure and tourism destination, with many ongoing developments such as the new Llanelli Scarlets rugby stadium, the Old Castle Works leisure village and a National Hunt racecourse at Ffos Las near Trimsaran. Machynys Ponds, a Site of Special Scientific Interest notable for its dragonfly po
Llangennech railway station
Llangennech railway station serves the village of Llangennech near Llanelli, West Wales. Llangennech station is located at street level about half a mile away from the centre of the village, it is one of two stations located on the double track portion of the route, shared with the Swansea District Line. All trains serving the station are operated by Transport for Wales; the station has no permanent buildings other than basic shelters on each platform. Passengers wishing to travel must buy tickets in advance. Amenities are limited to customer help point and payphone; the platforms are linked by a barrow crossing, not recommended for use by disabled travellers without assistance. In 2016, The Welsh Government funded the installation of reinforced glass fibre'humps' on the platforms to improve access for wheelchair and pushchair users onto and off trains. All trains serving the station are operated by Transport for Wales. There are four trains a day in each direction through to Swansea and Shrewsbury) from Monday to Saturday, plus a fifth Monday to Friday a.m peak service from Carmarthen to Llandovery and back to Swansea.
This is a request stop, whereby passengers have to give a hand signal to the approaching train driver to board or notify the guard when they board that they wish to alight from the train there. Train times and station information for Llangennech railway station from National Rail
Heart of Wales line
The Heart of Wales line is a railway line running from Craven Arms in Shropshire to Llanelli in southwest Wales. It runs, it serves a number of rural centres en route, including several once-fashionable spa towns, including Llandrindod Wells. At Builth Road, two miles from the town of Builth Wells, the line crosses the former route of the earlier Mid Wales Railway, which closed in the 1960s; the line was known as the Central Wales line and included routes through Gowerton, where the railway crossed the West Wales lines and ran through Dunvant and Killay down through the Clyne Valley to Blackpill, along the sea wall to Swansea Bay station, before reaching Swansea Victoria railway station. This section built by the Llanelly Railway and Dock Company to compete with the Great Western Railway and break the monopoly they held on Swansea Dock, closed in 1964. Nationalisation of the railways had removed the need for competing routes, the running down and closure of Swansea North Dock ended the need for freight services on this section.
Trains now use the original LR main line to reach the West Wales lines at Llandeilo Junction and thence Llanelli and Swansea. North of Llandovery, the route was opened in stages between 1861 and 1868 by a number of different companies – the Knighton Railway, the Central Wales Railway and Central Wales Extension Railway; the 1963 Beeching Report proposed the remainder of the Heart of Wales line for closure. As a rural branch line, it survived the Beeching Axe since it carried freight traffic, serving the steelworks at Bynea and industrial areas such as Ammanford and Pontarddulais, linking them with the docks at Llanelli, it passed through six marginal constituencies. During engineering work, the line is still used as a diversionary freight route; the basic service over the line since the seventies has remained more or less constant, with four or five trains per day in each direction on weekdays and two or three on Sundays. The line is single track throughout and has been operated under a Light Railway Order since 1972.
There are five passing loops, at Llandeilo, Llanwrtyd and Knighton. Unless "Out of Course" working occurs the Llanwrtyd passing loop is used on two of the Monday – Saturday services and the Llandrindod passing loop is in use on the other two and on the Sunday services; the signalling was modernised in 1986, when a system known as No Signalman Token Remote working was introduced. This is overseen by the signaller at Pantyffynnon, with the token instruments at the aforementioned five passing loops being operated by the train crew by British Rail. For more than two years only two of the loops were operational as Network Rail were unable to source spare parts for the points mechanisms used at all five: the design used is now obsolete. Parts had to be taken from the three decommissioned loops to keep the other two operational. In 2009 NR stated their intention to install new conventional electric point machines at all five loops and restore the three out-of-service ones to full working order but were unable to give a timescale for this to be carried out as design work on the new equipment was still ongoing.
NR began the replacement works for the points after first installing the system on the line to Pembroke Dock, at the Tenby loop, on 7 December 2009 and making minor alterations in Feb 2010. Llandeilo was the first on the line to be modernised, the rest followed; the £5 million project was completed in October 2010. In 2014 Network Rail added exit indicators at the trailing end of each loop to aid in the reversing of services: a decision taken so that all moves have an active indication of the status of the motor points. In 1987 tragedy struck the line near Llandeilo when the Glanrhyd Bridge collapsed following heavy flooding, an early morning northbound train plunged into the swollen River Towy, killing four people. For a while the future of the line was in doubt but political forces of all sides rallied to ensure the line's survival. After leaving the West Wales Line at Llandeilo Junction, the route is shared with the Swansea District line as far as Morlais Junction before passing beneath the M4 Motorway & turning northwards towards Pontarddulais and Pantyfynnon.
The short tunnel before the former station is the oldest surviving example still in use in Wales, whilst the freight-only branch along the Amman valley to Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen diverges at the latter. North of Ammanford, it follows the valley of the River Tywi north to Llandeilo and Llandovery, crossing the river at Glanrhyd by a replacement single-span bridge built & commissioned in 1988. North of Llandovery the character of the route changes, as it ascends into the Carmarthenshire hills towards the first of the line's two major summits at Sugar Loaf on gradients as steep as 1 in 60. En route, it passes over the 283-yard long Cynghordy viaduct acro
The A48 is a major trunk road in Great Britain. It runs to the A40 at Carmarthen. Before the construction of the first Severn Bridge, in 1966, it was the principal route between South Wales and South West England. For most of its journey through South Wales, it runs parallel to its successor. Before the construction of the Second Severn Crossing, during times of high winds at the Severn Bridge the A48 was used as part of the diversion route, is still marked as a Holiday Route. From Gloucester, the A48 runs through the villages of Minsterworth, Westbury-on-Severn, connects to a link road to Cinderford in the Forest of Dean through Newnham and bypassing the town of Lydney on the west bank of the River Severn. Crossing the Wales-England border at Chepstow and continuing west close to the South Wales coast, it connects Newport, Cowbridge, Pyle, Port Talbot, Swansea before terminating at the junction with the A40 near the centre of Carmarthen. There is a motorway section, a spur from the M4 running from junction 29 on the west side of Newport.
The A48 has the unusual feature of having no junction options at both ends—it leads into limited-access junctions. Near the east of Cardiff, at St Mellons, it ends by flowing through Cardiff, it is a 2-lane motorway throughout its length. At St Mellons it runs continuously into a further 6 miles of the dual-carriageway A48, which features hard shoulders; the original A48 continues to link Cardiff. Just before Junction 44 of the M4 motorway, there is an abandoned dual carriageway trunk road, just to the left side of the motorway; this road used to have two service stations. The A48 from Highnam to Newport runs adjacent to the River Severn, it runs through a series of villages, until it reaches Chepstow where it crosses the Wales-England border. From the M4 Motorway at J15 near Swindon, traffic is directed for Wales if it is over the Severn Bridge weight limit of 44 tonnes. Traffic is directed onto the A419 onto the A417 after Cirencester, at Gloucester, onto the A40; this road has some speed cameras, as there have been incidents here, have been erected to prevent them happening again.
During busy periods, such as the Severn Bore, this road may become busy with parked cars near the river's edge. Apart from morning and evening rush hours the road is quite empty and free running, with no heavy traffic reports; the road runs next to the Forest of Dean. The woods may be viewed from the roadside. There is a level crossing in Lydney; until Chepstow, there is a height limit under the low railway bridges. Tall vehicles are directed to Newport on the A40. For some parts of this route, short distance dual carriageways occur on steep hills. At Chepstow, the road links Gloucestershire with Monmouthshire; the road runs through Chepstow. There is access to the Forest of Dean in Chepstow. At the end of the road in Chepstow, the Primary Route ends here, it meets the A466, a road that provides access to the Wye Valley and to the M48 motorway the M4. Access to the M4 is available on this road; the A48 becomes a secondary route here, continues bypassing Caldicot and Langstone. The A48 continues to M4 junction 24, where vehicles exceeding the height limit may rejoin the A48.
The A449 provides the A40 near Raglan. When the Severn Bridge is closed in bad weather conditions, the traffic is directed onto the A449. After this roundabout, the road follows through to Newport. There are some minor routes that take you to Newport Town Centre, but the main route is the A4042, leading directly to Newport town centre and Caerleon; this is after the Newport International Sports Village, a sports village with facilities including a Swimming Pool, Tennis Courts, Football Stadium, Cricket Pitch and many more facilities. Passing through Newport, there are views of the industrial town, with views of historic features such as the Transporter Bridge; the road reaches the M4 again, at J28. The original route of the A48 was Worcester to Carmarthen via Malvern, Ross-on-Wye, Newport, Bridgend and Llanelli. In 1935 it was rerouted east of Newport, replacing the A437 between Gloucester; the road from Worcester to Newport became part of the A449, apart from the section between Ross and Monmouth.
In June 2008, a 27-mile stretch of the A48 between Chepstow - Gloucester was named as the most dangerous road in the South West of England. This single carriageway stretch had 45 fatal and serious injury car accident collisions between 2004 and 2006, was rated as medium risk in the EuroRAP report published by the Road Safety Foundation