Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Aylmer is a town in Elgin County in southern Ontario, just north of Lake Erie, on Catfish Creek. It is 20 kilometres south of Highway 401; the mayor is Mary French. Aylmer is surrounded by Malahide Township. In October 1817, John Van Patter, an emigrant from New York State, obtained 80 ha of land and became the first contemporary settler on the site of Aylmer. During the 1830s a general store was opened and village lots sold. Called Troy, in 1835 it was renamed Aylmer after Lord Aylmer Governor-in-Chief of British North America. By 1851 local enterprises included flour-mills powered by water from Catfish Creek. Aided by easy access to Lake Erie, Aylmer became by the mid-1860s the marketing centre for a rich agricultural and timber producing area. Benefiting from the construction of the 230 km Canada Air Line Railway from Glencoe to Fort Erie, Aylmer became an incorporated village in 1872 and a town in 1887. A Royal Canadian Air Force Training Facility, RCAF Station Aylmer was located just north of Aylmer in Malahide Township from 1941 to 1961.
This station is now home to The Aylmer Wildlife Management Area. Former mayor Robert Habkirk was again elected the mayor of Aylmer on November 13, 2006 to a four-year term, he was defeated by the former principal of East Elgin Secondary School, Jack Couckuyt, by a wide margin on October 25, 2010. In 2004, a new arena, the East Elgin Community Complex, was completed to house the many hockey leagues in town; the Old Town Hall which houses the library has a restored theatre which houses occasional plays. For history buffs, the Aylmer Museum houses a collection of 19th century Victorian art pieces created from hair. In 2007, Communities in Bloom, a nationwide beautification program, awarded Aylmer first place in Canada in the 5001 to 10,000 population category. In the mid-1970s, many German-speaking Mennonites began migrating to the Aylmer area from Mexico; the Mennonites were Canadian citizens who had moved to Mexico from Manitoba and Saskatchewan during the first half of the 20th century. By the early 21st century, there was a large Mennonite population in Aylmer and the surrounding area.
In addition to the Mennonite population there are sizable Dutch and British descended populations in the area. Just east of Aylmer is a sizable Old Order Amish community; this community was founded by families moving from Ohio in 1953. They were uncomfortable with a nuclear facility being constructed close to their community in Ohio. Since that time, the community has grown to encompass three "districts" in the surrounding area. A number of members from this community participate in the weekly Aylmer Sales Barn and sell fruit, vegetables and animals, such as rabbits and chickens; this particular Amish community eschews the use of automobiles and most modern conveniences. An Amish publishing house, Pathway Publishers, is based in the community; the tobacco-growing industry played a large part in the economic development of Aylmer. Imperial Tobacco Canada built a plant in Aylmer in the mid-1940s. At its peak, Imperial employed more than 800 seasonal workers. After declining tobacco sales in Canada, Imperial began downsizing in the 1990s.
In October 2005, Imperial Tobacco announced that the Guelph, Ontario plants would close. The plant closed permanently in July 2007. In the early 1950s, the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police proposed the idea of a central provincial police academy. In 1959 the Attorney General appointed an advisory committee on police training in 1962 announced the formal establishment of the college. OPC offered its first classes beginning January 7, 1963 in the temporary wartime training quarters of an abandoned Royal Canadian Air Force base near Aylmer, Ontario. In 1976 the college moved to its present facilities; the College Is situated on 121.5 hectares of rural land five kilometers northeast of the town of Aylmer, Ontario. The college has 165 full and part-time employees including instructors and seconded staff; the 45 permanent instructors are supplemented by police officers from various police services for two-year periods. With rare exceptions, all Police Officers in Ontario, Canada attend the college for their 13-week program in order to receive their Basic Constables Training Diploma.
Once they have received the Diploma and after they have been sworn in as Peace Officers, they can work in the Province of Ontario as police officers. The Aylmer Fair is a non-profit society run by the OAAS, they are the oldest agricultural fair in District 13. It is run by a board of Directors, volunteers in the area. In 1846, the Aylmer and East Elgin Agricultural Society began its annual exhibitions of agriculture and livestock to the people in and around the Aylmer area. In 30 years the fair grew from a few dozen exhibits in the 1850s to over 1700 in 1876; the Aylmer fair expanded from an afternoon show to a two-day event and membership to the Society has grown to over 200 members. It was not until 1865. Stock and wheat became uninteresting and was not to attract exhibitors and visitors. "Women's Work" was an essential, interesting and an attracting element in the success of the fair. In 1874, 523 entries were based on Women's Work. Throughout the early years the fair travelled and was held in many locations, but found its permanent location in 1875 in Aylmer, where 8 acres of land was purchased.
In this year the fair held its first opening day, surrounded by a high well built
The Toronto subway is a rapid transit system serving Toronto and the neighbouring city of Vaughan in Ontario, operated by the Toronto Transit Commission. It is a multimodal rail network consisting of three heavy-capacity rail lines operating predominantly underground and one elevated medium-capacity rail line, collectively encompassing 75 stations and 76.9 kilometres of track. In 1954, the TTC opened Canada's first underground rail line known as the "Yonge subway", under Yonge Street between the existing Union railway station and Eglinton Avenue with 12 stations. With an average of 915,000 passenger trips each weekday recorded during the fourth quarter of 2017, the system is Canada's second busiest after the Montreal Metro and second longest by track length after the Vancouver SkyTrain. There are four operating rapid transit lines in Toronto, one line under construction, another planned: Line 1 Yonge–University is the longest and busiest rapid transit line in the system, it opened as the Yonge subway in 1954 with a length of 7.4 kilometres, since grew to a length of 38.8 kilometres.
Today, the line is U-shaped having two northern terminals looping on its southern end via Union station. Line 2 Bloor–Danforth, opened in 1966, runs parallel to Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue between Kipling station in Etobicoke and Kennedy station in Scarborough. There is a plan to extend Line 2 eastwards from Kennedy station to Scarborough Centre station. Line 3 Scarborough known as the Scarborough RT, is an elevated medium-capacity rail line serving the city's eponymous suburban district, it opened in 1985 running from Kennedy station to McCowan station. This is the only rapid transit line in Toronto to use Intermediate Capacity Transit System technology. There is a plan to dismantle Line 3 after Line 2 is extended to Scarborough Town Centre. Line 4 Sheppard opened in 2002 running under Sheppard Avenue East eastwards from Sheppard–Yonge station on Line 1 to Fairview Mall at Don Mills station. Line 5 Eglinton is a 19-kilometre light rail line under construction along Eglinton Avenue, scheduled to open in 2021.
The line will have 25 stations, of which 15 will be underground, while the remaining ten will be at-grade stops located in at the road's median. Line 6 Finch West is a planned 11-kilometre, 18-stop line to extend from Finch West station on Line 1 Yonge–University to the North Campus of Humber College located in the median of Finch Avenue, it is scheduled for completion with an estimated cost of $1.2 billion. Here is a list of line and station openings on the Toronto subway system. Canada's first subway, the Yonge subway, opened in 1954 with a length of 7.4 kilometres. The line ran under or parallel to Yonge Street between Union station, it replaced Canada's first streetcar line. In 1963, the line was extended under University Avenue north to Bloor Street to connect with the Bloor–Danforth subway at the double-deck St. George station. In 1974, the line was extended from Eglinton station north to Finch station; the Spadina segment of the line was constructed north from St. George station to Wilson station in 1978, in 1996 to Downsview station, renamed Sheppard West in 2017.
Part of the Spadina segment runs in the median of Allen Road – an expressway known as the Spadina Expressway – and crosses over Highway 401 on a bridge. Six decades of extensions gave the line a U-shaped route running from its two northern terminals and looping on its southern end at Union station; the latest extension from Sheppard West to Vaughan Metro Centre opened on December 17, 2017, making the line 38.8 kilometres long, over five times its original length. Opened in 1966, the Bloor–Danforth subway runs east-west under or near Bloor Street and Danforth Avenue, it replaced the Bloor streetcar line. The subway line ran between Keele station and Woodbine station. In 1968, the line was extended west to Islington station and east to Warden station, in 1980, it was further extended west to Kipling station and east to Kennedy station. Opened in 1985, the Scarborough RT is a light metro line running from Kennedy station to McCowan station; the TTC started to construct the line to use Canadian Light Rail Vehicles.
However, the provincial government forced the conversion to Intermediate Capacity Transit System technology because the province was funding the project and it owned a company that made the light metro vehicles. This line was never extended, the current plan is to close and dismantle the line, replacing it with an extension of Line 2 to Scarborough Town Centre. Opened in 2002, the Sheppard subway runs under Sheppard Avenue from Sheppard–Yonge station to Don Mills station; the line was under construction when a change in provincial government threatened to terminate the project. However, Mel Lastman, the last mayor of the former City of North York, used his influence to save the project. Despite the construction of many high-rise residential buildings along the line since its opening, ridership remains low resulting in a subsidy of $10 per ride; the line was intended to be extended to Scarborough Centre station, but because of the low ridership and the cost of tunneling, there is a plan to extend rapid transit eastwards from Don Mills station via a surface light rail line, the Sheppard East LRT.
Metrolinx is funding the 19-kilometr
Union station (TTC)
Union is a subway station on Line 1 Yonge–University of the Toronto subway in Toronto, Canada. It opened in 1954 as one of twelve original stations on the first phase of the Yonge line, the first rapid transit line in Canada, it was the southern terminus of the line until the opening of the University line in 1963, is today the inflection point of the U-shaped line. Along with Spadina station, it is one of two stations open overnight. Union station is located on Front Street between the Yonge Street and University Avenue sections of the line, it is named for and directly connects to the railway station and regional bus terminal of the same name, serving all GO Transit train lines and train-bus services as well as Via Rail intercity routes. It connects to the Union Pearson Express, a dedicated rail link to Toronto Pearson International Airport, it is the only subway station with a direct connection to Via services. Based on Toronto's street grid, Union is the southernmost subway station and the closest to Lake Ontario.
It serves 100,000 people a day, ranking it as the fourth-busiest station in the system, after Bloor–Yonge, St. George, Sheppard–Yonge, the busiest served by only one line. Adjacent to the subway station is an underground terminal loop for two streetcar routes, the 509 Harbourfront and 510 Spadina. In 2007, Union subway station became the first location on the TTC where Presto cards could be used, as part of a trial. Wi-Fi service has been available at this station since 2014. North side entrances: Street-level stairs on north side of Front Street. Underground connection from Royal Bank Plaza Underground connection from Brookfield PlaceSouth side entrances: 2 street-level staircases on south side of Front Street. Outdoor connections via the "moat" to the Union railway station The station opened as the southern terminus of the original Yonge subway line on March 30, 1954. On February 28, 1963, Union became a through station with the opening of the University section of the Yonge–University line.
On June 22, 1990, Union became the terminus of route 604 Harbourfront LRT, now part of the 509 Harbourfront and 510 Spadina streetcar routes. A new underground streetcar platform was built south of the subway tracks, connected to the station concourse by a 30-metre pedestrian tunnel and a flight of stairs. Elevators were installed in 1996, making Union one of the first wheelchair-accessible subway stations in Toronto. An elevator was added to the streetcar platforms though streetcars were not accessible themselves. By the time accessible streetcars began serving the station in 2014, the elevator had been replaced as a part of the station expansion. On August 18, 2014, a second subway platform was opened to serve Yonge line trains, leaving the existing platform to serve only University line trains. Flexity Outlook streetcars started to serve Union from route 510 Spadina on October 12, 2014, from route 509 Harbourfront on March 29, 2015; as a result, passengers are now required to have Proof-of-payment to depart Union by streetcar.
In 2003, planning began on a station expansion to address overcrowding in the station. Despite being one of the busiest stations in the system, the station had only one narrow island platform serving both the University and Yonge lines, a small concourse area; the resulting plan was to build a new subway platform on the south side of the tracks to serve the Yonge line, leaving the existing island platform to serve only the University line. This new platform would feature a level connection to the streetcar platform; the project included expanding the concourse level and replacing all finishes. Preparatory work began in 2006, construction began in February 2011; the new second platform opened on August 18, 2014. When the station opened in 1954, the wall coverings were glossy yellow Vitrolite tiles with red lettering and trim, the station name on the walls was in the TTC's unique Toronto Subway Font. During renovations in the 1980s, the yellow vitrolite tiles were replaced with brown ceramic tiles and vinyl siding and the station font was changed to Univers.
The 2011–2015 station expansion replaced these tiles and panels with white tiles and black trim, the station name was returned to its original Toronto Subway typeface. As part of the second platform project, a glass wall was built to block off the southern side of the old platform, since it now only serves the University line, it features the art piece "Zones of Immersion" by Stuart Reid, a professor at the OCAD University The work comprises 166 large glass panels, each measuring more than one by two metres, extending 170-metre along the length of the platform. Transparent, it is visible from both the Yonge and University platforms; each panel contains words, many based on sketches that Reid drew while riding the subway. Public reaction towards the art piece has been mixed, with some users of the station finding it "tragic" or "dark and depressing"; the station lies on an east–west axis along Front Street. It is one of three stations on Line 1 with an east–west orientation, the others being St. George and Downsview Park.
Leaving the station eastbound, the Yonge leg of the line runs under the street and turns 90 degrees north to run under Yonge Street. This station is one of only three that have a curved platform; the station is noted as being one of only three where a signal is publicly accessible (the others being Davisville and Isl
Bata Shoe Museum
The Bata Shoe Museum is a footwear museum in Toronto, Canada, located at Bloor Street and St. George Street in the Bloor Street Culture Corridor district of Downtown Toronto; the museum collects, researches and exhibits footwear from around the world. It offers four exhibitions; the collection contains over 13,500 items from throughout history, as well as the present. It is the only museum in North America dedicated to the history of footwear; the collection which became the Bata Shoe Museum was started by Sonja Bata in the 1940s. As she travelled the world on business with her husband, Thomas J. Bata of the Bata Shoe Company, she built up a collection of traditional footwear from the areas she was visiting. In 1979, the Bata family established the Bata Shoe Museum Foundation to operate an international centre for footwear research and house the collection. From 1979 to 1994, the collection was stored at the offices of Bata Limited in the Don Mills area of Toronto. In June 1992, the Bata Shoe Museum opened a gallery on the second floor of the Colonnade, an office and retail complex in downtown Toronto, where it remained until November 1994.
On May 6, 1995, the current museum opened its doors to the public in its own newly constructed building. Designed by Raymond Moriyama and completed in 1995, the structure is located at the southwest corner of Bloor and St. George streets in downtown Toronto, its form is derived from the idea of the museum as a container. Associating the form with footwear, Moriyama stated that the building is meant to evoke an opening shoe box. Raymond Moriyama was asked by his client Sonja Bata to create a "small gem of a museum" to house her extensive shoe collection. After viewing her collection, Moriyama strove to create a building that generated the excitement that he felt when first viewing the collection, he wanted to create a museum that would endure time, inspire its visitors. Moriyama explained: "When I first viewed the collection, I was impressed by the array of shoe boxes that protected the shoes from light and dust and played an important role in the collection." His focus was on the idea of a shoebox.
The main facade along Bloor Street pinches inward to where the entrance, in the form of a glass shard, creating a more generous forecourt. This glass protrusion is one end of a multi-level'cut' through the building which contains the main vertical circulation, providing a clear view through the building to the three-story faceted glass wall, designed by Lutz Haufschild, on the south facade; the entire stone volume appears to float above a ribbon of glass display windows on street level. Moriyama said of the building: "Architecture is never the creation of the architect alone; the museum's architecture should be seen as a celebration not only of shoes but of the wonderful vision that brought them into the public eye."The Museum is part of the Bloor Street Culture Corridor, a mile in Toronto that contains 13 museums and cultural institutions. The Bata Shoe Museum was featured in an episode of The Amazing Race: Family Edition, for which the contestants were in Toronto. Teams had to choose a pair of shoes, find the woman who fit the selected pair amongst 100 candidates.
The museum is home to the world's largest and most comprehensive collection of shoes and footwear-related artifacts. The publicly accessible part of the building consists of four stories, which contain four galleries, two lecture and multi-purpose rooms, a gift shop, a lobby, as well as offices and conservation facilities; the circulation core has the exhibition galleries to the east, gift shops to the west, multipurpose rooms, special exhibition showcases and rooms, the administrative desk. An enclosed courtyard runs across the south side of the building. Two lower levels are dedicated to an exhibition gallery, the shoe research and storage room; the gallery spaces are neutral in design, allowing focus on the creative displays rather than the building. Traditional materials such as cast bronze and leather are used in signage throughout the museum; the museum is featuring four main exhibits:'All about Shoes: Footwear Through the Ages. At present, the permanent collection contains artifacts from every culture in the world.
One of the most important aspects of the museum's holdings is an extensive collection from Native American and circumpolar cultures. The museum's assortment of celebrity footwear is a popular attraction; the museum houses four exhibitions, one semi-permanent and three time-limited and changing. The semi-permanent exhibition, All About Shoes: Footwear Through the Ages, features diverse footwear from many historical periods and geographic areas, looks at its significance in various cultural practices and phases of life; the three changing exhibitions are on display for one to two years, may focus on a specific time period, cultural group, geographic area, or an aspect of material culture. The footwear on display remarkable for its construction and/or embellishment acts as a key to under
Canada Science and Technology Museum
The Canada Science and Technology Museum is located in Ottawa, Canada, on St. Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway; the role of the museum is to help the public to understand the technological and scientific history of Canada and the ongoing relationships between science and Canadian society. The National Museum of Science and Technology was established in 1967 as a Centennial project by the Canadian Government. In October 1966 the government appointed David McCurdy Baird as the first director of the museum, he found and arranged the purchase of a large former bakery on St. Laurent Boulevard with truck bays and high ceilings; the government had an aeronautical collection and a collection of railroad artifacts, within a few months these were installed in the building. A collection of farm equipment from Massey Ferguson arrived soon after. In 2001, the museum began looking for a new location to move to, citing a lack of space and accessibility; the desire for more scenic surroundings was a factor, as the museum is surrounded by warehouses and strip malls.
Four locations were considered: the western section of LeBreton Flats, on the Rockcliffe Parkway next to the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, in Jacques Cartier Park on Rue Laurier, a site on Rue Montcalm. In 2006, Conservative cabinet minister and MP for Pontiac Lawrence Cannon put his support behind the Jacques Cartier Park option. During routine maintenance on a leaky roof in September 2014, workers discovered that the roof was in danger of collapse and that mould was spreading from the building's south wall; the museum closed to visitors, the staff offered to lend out some of the exhibits to other museums while renovation and repairs were made to the building. Most of the original building was demolished, leaving only the "crazy kitchen" and the hall of trains. $80 million was spent to create a modern replacement on the same site. The museum reopened on November 17, 2017; the main museum building on St Laurent Boulevard houses a number of permanent displays, as well as temporary exhibits of the museum's collection and visiting exhibitions.
The most famous of these exhibitions is the crazy kitchen, a room, built on a tilted surface, thus causing gravity to pull visitors towards the wall, but has all its furniture nailed to the floor so they won't fall, thus creating the illusion that the room is on an ordinary, flat surface. This competing information confuses visitors' brains. Artifact Alley, which runs diagonally across the building, displays about 700 historical objects at any one time; the Ingenium storage facility, located at 1867 St. Laurent Blvd, it includes more than over 268,000 artifacts, such as a prototype for the Bombardier Innovia ART 100, a driverless rail car, an Iron Lung once used at the Ottawa Civic Hospital, the FIU-301, the Ontario Provincial Police's first Unmanned Aerial vehicle; the museum is operated by Ingenium, a Crown corporation that reports to the Department of Canadian Heritage, responsible for preserving and protecting Canada's scientific and technical heritage. The Corporation has a staff of about 275 and is responsible for three museums: the Canada Science and Technology Museum, the Canada Agriculture and Food Museum and the Canada Aviation and Space Museum.
The museum is affiliated with: Canadian Museums Association, Canadian Heritage Information Network, Virtual Museum of Canada. Canadian university scientific research organizations Canadian industrial research and development organizations Technological and industrial history of Canada Natural scientific research in Canada Canada lunar sample displays Invention in Canada Official website CSTM Origins: A History of the Canada Science and Technology Museum Canada Science and Technology Museum at Google Cultural Institute
York–Durham Heritage Railway
The York–Durham Heritage Railway is a heritage railway in both the York Region and the Durham Region of Ontario, north of Toronto. The railway operates excursion trains over a 20 km route between the historic towns of Stouffville and Uxbridge; the round trip takes 2 hours and 30 minutes. The railway runs on the tracks of the former Toronto and Nipissing Railway, who's portions below the Stouffville GO Station are now owned by Metrolinx and operated as their Stouffville line; the York-Durham Heritage Railway operates non-stop between the Uxbridge Station on the Metrolinx Uxbridge Subdivision and Stouffville GO Station. Between Lincolnville GO Station and Stouffville, trains operate over the same tracks as the GO Transit Stouffville line commuter rail service; the railway runs on occasion between the Old Unionville Station and the Markham GO Station, as it did in June 2018. Neither stations serves this run with the former's platform fenced off from the tracks. Trains are scheduled on weekends from June through mid-October, are pulled by an Alco RS-11 diesel locomotive, #3612, built for the Duluth, Winnipeg & Pacific Railway in 1956.
Coaches include both vintage heavyweights built in the 1910s and 1920s, lightweight cars from 1954. The railway cars are stored at an open rail yard on Railway Street/King Street West in Uxbridge, Ontario. Several railway sheds are on the yard; the most significant is the Uxbridge Station, built in 1904. The YDHR is operated by volunteers of the York–Durham Heritage Railway Association; the Uxbridge Subdivision was built in 1871 as the Toronto and Nipissing Railway, a 3 ft 6 in narrow-gauge line. The line was converted to 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge shortly after being acquired by the Midland Railway in 1882. Following a series of mergers and acquisitions, the line became part of the Canadian National Railway in 1923. In the 1980s, CN began to abandon the line. Tracks north of Uxbridge were lifted, but the line south of Uxbridge was purchased by GO Transit to preserve it for possible Uxbridge - Toronto commuter rail service; until such a service is introduced, the York-Durham Railway is the sole operator north of Lincolnville station.
1951 MLW RS-3 #1310 1955 MLW RS-3 #22 1956 ALCO RS-11 #3612 1919 Pullman Company Colonist sleeper #4960 1930 CCF Solarium/Lounge car #15041, 1950s Coaches # 3233, 3209 1955 Budd coaches #101 - #106, converted from Rail Diesel Cars to coaches in 2008. 1919 National Steel Car boxcar #406308 1950 CCF flatcar #662339 1953 caboose #434908 1957 National Steel Car Baggage car #9636 hopper car #165 3 track inspection cars List of heritage railways in Canada Narrow gauge railways in Ontario Vyhnak, Carola. "Sentimental journey". Toronto Star. York-Durham Heritage Railway YDHR Facebook Page. YDHR YouTube Page