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CD (disambiguation)

A CD or compact disc is a thin plastic silvery disc for audio recordings. CD or cd may refer to: Cordoba Durchmusterung, a star catalog of the southern sky Cosmological decade or CÐ, a unit of time Type-cD galaxy, a galaxy morphology classification Coeliac disease or Celiac disease Conduct disorder, a psychological disorder Conservation Dependent or LR/cd, an IUCN category Cluster of differentiation, a protocol used for the identification of cell surface molecules on white blood cells Crohn's disease Chlordane Communicable disease CD-ROM, compact disc technology applied for use in computer data cd, a command line command to change the current working directory in operating systems continuous delivery, a software development design practice continuous deployment, a software development design practice collision detection, CSMA/CD cd, one of Jacobi's elliptic functions Cadmium or Cd, a chemical element Candela or cd, a unit of light intensity -CD, the North American call sign suffix for Class A low-power television stations operating with digital signals Circular dichroism, a form of spectroscopy Critical Dimension, the minimum feature size that a projection system can print in photolithography Drag coefficient or cd, a dimensionless quantity used to quantify the drag of an object in a fluid Canadian Forces Decoration, by post-nominal letters Centre Democrats, a Danish former political party Centre Democrats, a former political party of the Netherlands Civil defense, an effort to protect the citizens of a state from military attack and natural disasters Community of Democracies, an intergovernmental organization of democracies and democratizing countries Conference on Disarmament, an international forum that negotiates multilateral arms control and disarmament agreements Corps Diplomatique, the collective body of foreign diplomats accredited to a particular country or body Centro Democratico, a political party in Italy Democratic Republic of the Congo, by ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code.cd, the Internet domain of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Certificate of deposit, a bank account in the United States with a fixed maturity date České dráhy or ČD, a railway operator of the Czech Republic Commander of the Order of Distinction, a rank in the Jamaican Orders of Societies of Honour Central District, Seattle, a district in Seattle cd. abbreviation for caddesi, street, in Turkish 400, written CD in Roman numerals 205, written CD in hexadecimal "CD", a song by T2 Geely CD, a coupe automobile made by Geely Automobile Chinese Democracy, an album by Guns n' Roses Christian democracy, a political ideology Cairo Damascus or Damascus Document, a text found among the Dead Sea Scrolls Committee Draft, a status in the International Organization for Standardization Companion dog, a title offered to dogs by the American Kennel Club for dog obedience Cross-dressing, the act of wearing clothing associated with the opposite sex Corendon Dutch Airlines Sega Mega-CD Sonic CD

Twentieth Indian Expedition to Antarctica

The 20th Indian Antarctic Expedition was flagged off on-board M. V. Magdalena Oldenorff from Cape Town on 30 December 2000; the team comprising a total of 51 members was led by Shri Mervin J. D’Souza from Geological Survey of India; the 20th IAE team consisted of 51 members including 34 scientists from various scientific Organizations/Universities/Departments and 17 logistic members. After successful completion of all logistics and scientific tasks the 20th IAE team returned to India in March 2002. Measurement of the ice thickness to decipher the sub-ice stratigraphy by ground probe radar profiling. Systematic coring of the lake bottom sediments for reconstruction of the past vegetative history. Study of the influence or aerosol forcing on the atmospheric radiation budget and climate over Antarctica. Micro plankton distribution and their energy pattern in fresh water lake ecosystem Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology A 3-station triangulation experiment and simultaneous magnetic recording were carried out with a view to understanding the dynamics of the auroral current systems.

Atmospheric electrical parameters near the Kamat Hut at Maitri were measured to study the global electric circuit. A maximum of 2000 UT observed confirms the traditional view that the thunderstorms are the main drivers of the global circuit. Effects of local meteorological conditions on the measured electrical parameters and the magnetospheric contributions to the ionospheric potential and the global circuit were investigated in detail. Climatological and Meteorological studies Continuous observation on the weather pattern, atmospheric pressure, surface ozone and global solar radiation was made at Maitri. Four ozone sonde ascents were taken during summer season. All the ascents reached more than 30 km height. Measurement of atmospheric turbidity was done using Sun Photometer with filters of 560 nm. VLF Propagation Studies VLF propagation data were recorded by digital audio recorder PCM-R300 continuously. Whistler and related events were detected manually from the recorded data. Earth Sciences and Glaciology Geological mapping and glaciological studies carried out by Geological Survey of India, in the Muhlig-Hoffmannfjell area revealed coarse-grained porphyritic granite and charnockite.

A nunatak east of Muhlig-Hoffmannfjell depicts a classical inter-relationship between charnockite and ranite. Glaciomorphological studies in Schirmacher Oasis have helped in defining the important glaciomorphological features on map, which include deglaciated areas, U valley, glacial terraces, etc. An interesting feature recorded north of Novo station showed a rounded pebble bed suggesting the influence of considerable fluvial action in its deposition. Planetary Geomdetic Studies The data were generated on surface geometry and surface height ranges as well as surface motion; the computation of the data would be useful forassessing the changes in bedrock elevation. The GPS data obtained from the GPS station established at Maitri served as a fundamental marker to International Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research GPS campaign for 2001. Tele Seismic Studies The seismic station equipped with high-resolution digital seismograph and an analog seismic recorder was upgraded with the installation of additional Broad Band Seismic System with Gurlap CMG-3ESP sensor and Digital acquisition system RT 121 from Reftek.

The data in January 2001 Bhuj earthquake recorded at Maitri seismic station were analysed and sent to NGRI. Using SEISAN software, preliminary analysis of both the digital and analog records was carried out. Archiving of the DAT tapes as well as CDs for further analysis of the events was completed. Crack Propagation Studies Collection of Albedo values and other parameters near Veteiah hill and Dakshin Gangotri station was completed. At these locations Automatic Weather Stations with sensors recording wind speed and wind direction, relative humidity and ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, were made operational along with Albedometer and snow depth sensors; the snow grain identification studies indicated predominantly sugary grains at Veteiah and Russian Aerodrome site. Crack propagation study of the crack in India Bay was initiated. GPS reading for the crack was taken for long-term monitoring. Ground Probe radar Survey The Ground Penetrating Radar Survey carried out near the Veteiah nunatak indicated an ice thickness of 5–7 metres, which increased to 100 metre at 400 metre along the survey profile from the Veteiah nunatak.

Hydrographic Survey At three locations, current direction and speed, water temperature and velocity of sound were observed using Smart Acoustic Current Meter. Ice shelf delineation was undertaken using the Helicopter. Meteorological data were collected that could be used in developing a database and correlating it with other data. Global Change For Palyno-stratigraphic studies, air samples were collected using Burkard Volumetric Sampler on the voyage starting from 40o South latitude to Indian Research Station Maitri, Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica. Thirty five moss cushions, 15 dry soil samples, 5 dry algal mats and 10 glacial dust samples were collected from different dry lake sites and along the margin of polar ice cap and Nunataks, in a transect at an interval of 200–500 m in and around Schirmacher Oasis. Water samples from six different glacial lakes, three fresh snow samples and three blue ice samples were collected for palynological as well chemical analysis. Aerosol optical depth at five wavelengths, columnar ozone concentration and surface level size segregated mass concentration of aerosols were carried out.

Average mass concentration found was 7 μg/m^3 of which par

List of Cluedo episodes

This is a list of episodes of the British version of the Cluedo TV series. This first series set had a blue and white theme with the suspects having to walk down ramp and steps to arrive at their seats with the teams sitting in a high rise area with white triangular desks. In this series, each team is made up of one celebrity and an expert in a field linked to the murder in some way; as well as the Christmas special, there are 300 members of the studio audience to which some are seen in the background risers behind the teams and the suspects and vote halfway during the show to see whom they think the killer was. This is the only series where Rev. Green was the only suspect not to be the killer in any of the episodes while Mrs. Peacock was the killer twice, but this is the only series where the poison is used as the murder weapon twice and a choice of the murder weapons in all of the episodes. This the only series where the dining room is the murder room in some of the episodes. In episodes, suspects' reasons for murder are not relevant.

This is the only series where Mr. White is seen. From the next series onwards, Mrs. White is a widow. Mr. White was never a suspect and he lived with Mrs. White in an annex building next to where Mrs. White worked, he is only seen with Mrs. White. In such scenes, they called "Mrs. White" respectively; as a result, Mr. White's first name is never revealed; this special was an extended edition to 45 minutes with extra evidence. The set was painted from blue to red and the teams' white desks changed to cream and there was a new cream perimeter around the suspects' seating area plus the six weapons used are the actual ones traditionally used in Cluedo; as well, the usual billiard room is replaced with the hall. Both team members were celebrities; this series brought a new host and a new smaller set with a new brown and orange theme with each weapon on an individual plinth at the front of the set and a map of the grange in the background. This is the first series. A new host brought a new set which had blue theme.

Not much change was seen but made for fake marble. There were no weapons presented in front of the teams for the first time and at the end of each episode, viewers got a chance to answer a question about that episode's murder to win a murder mystery weekend. Richard Madeley introduced each episode from Arlington Grange, showing the possible weapons to the viewers. Once in the studio, viewers were given the option to see the murder solution before the questioning began, or to look away while the solution was shown so they could play along at home

Karmabhoomi Express

Karmabhoomi Express is a superfast train of the Indian Railways connecting Amritsar Junction in Punjab and New Jalpaiguri Junction Junction of West Bengal. It is being operated with 12407/12408 train numbers on weekly basis; the 12407/New Jalpaiguri - Amritsar Karmabhoomi Express has averages speed of 55 km/hr and covers 1825 km in 33 hrs 20 mins. 12408/Amritsar - New Jalpaiguri Karmabhoomi Express has averages speed of 55 km/hr and covers 1825 km in 33 hrs 20 mins. The important halts of the train are: New Jalpaiguri Junction Katihar Junction Samastipur Junction Muzaffarpur Junction Hajipur Junction Chhapra Junction Siwan Junction Deoria Sadar Gorakhpur Junction Sitapur Cantonment Moradabad Junction Saharanpur Junction Ambala Cantonment Ludhiana Junction Jalandhar City Junction Beas Junction Amritsar Junction The train has standard LHB rakes with max speed of 130 kmph; the train consist of 16 coaches: 14 General 2 Generator Luggage/parcel van Both trains are hauled by a Siliguri Loco Shed based WDP-4B based WDP-4 diesel locomotive from New Jalpaiguri to Amritsar and vice versa.

New Jalpaiguri railway station Amritsar Junction railway station 12407/New Jalpaiguri - Amritsar Karmabhoomi Express 12408/Amritsar - New Jalpaiguri Karmabhoomi Express

Oneirodes

Oneirodes is a genus of fish in the family Oneirodidae. There are 40 recognized species in this genus: Oneirodes acanthias Oneirodes alius Seigel & Pietsch, 1978 Oneirodes amaokai H. C. Ho & Kawai, 2016 Oneirodes anisacanthus Oneirodes basili Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes bradburyae M. G. Grey, 1956 Oneirodes bulbosus W. M. Chapman, 1939 Oneirodes carlsbergi Oneirodes clarkei Swinney & Pietsch, 1988 Oneirodes cordifer Prokofiev, 2014 Oneirodes cristatus Oneirodes dicromischus Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes epithales J. W. Orr, 1991 Oneirodes eschrichtii Lütken, 1871 Oneirodes flagellifer Oneirodes haplonema A. L. Stewart & Pietsch, 1998 Oneirodes heteronema Oneirodes kreffti Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes luetkeni Oneirodes macronema Oneirodes macrosteus Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes melanocauda Bertelsen, 1951 Oneirodes micronema Grobecker, 1978 Oneirodes mirus Oneirodes myrionemus Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes notius Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes parapietschi Prokofiev, 2014 Oneirodes pietschi H. C. Ho & K. T. Shao, 2004 Oneirodes plagionema Pietsch & Seigel, 1980 Oneirodes posti Bertelsen & Grobecker, 1980 Oneirodes pterurus Pietsch & Seigel, 1980 Oneirodes quadrinema H. C.

Ho, Kawai & Amaoka, 2016 Oneirodes rosenblatti Pietsch, 1974 Oneirodes sabex Pietsch & Seigel, 1980 Oneirodes schistonema Pietsch & Seigel, 1980 Oneirodes schmidti Oneirodes sipharum Prokofiev, 2014 Oneirodes theodoritissieri Belloc, 1938 Oneirodes thompsoni Oneirodes thysanema Pietsch & Seigel, 1980

Randomized response

Randomised response is a research method used in structured survey interview. It was first proposed by S. L. Warner in 1965 and modified by B. G. Greenberg in 1969, it allows respondents to respond to sensitive issues. Chance decides, unknown to the interviewer, whether the question is to be answered truthfully, or "yes", regardless of the truth. For example, social scientists have used it to ask people whether they use drugs, whether they have illegally installed telephones, or whether they have evaded paying taxes. Before abortions were legal, social scientists used the method to ask women whether they have had abortions; the concept is somewhat similar to plausible deniability. Plausible deniability allows the subject to credibly say he did not make a statement, while the randomized response technique allows the subject to credibly say he had not been truthful when making a statement. Ask a man whether he had sex with a prostitute this month. Before he answers ask him to flip a coin. Instruct him to answer "yes" if the coin comes up tails, truthfully, if it comes up heads.

Only he knows whether his answer reflects the toss of his true experience. It is important to assume that people who get heads will answer truthfully, otherwise the surveyor is not able to speculate. Half the people—or half the questionnaire population—get tails and the other half get heads when they flip the coin. Therefore, half of those people will answer "yes"; the other half will answer truthfully according to their experience. So whatever proportion of the group said "no", the true number who did not have sex with a prostitute is double that, because we assume the two halves are close to the same as it is a large randomized sampling. For example, if 20% of the population surveyed said "no" the true fraction that did not have sex with a prostitute is 40%; the same question can be asked with three cards which are unmarked on one side, bear a question on the other side. The cards are randomly mixed, laid in front of the subject; the subject takes one card, turns it over, answers the question on it truthfully with either "yes" or "no".

One card asks: "Did you have sex with a prostitute this month?" Another card asks: "Is there a triangle on this card?" The last card asks: "Is there a triangle on this card?" The researcher does not know. Under the assumption that the "Yes" and "No" answers to the control questions cancel each other out, the number of subjects who have had sex with a prostitute is triple that of all "Yes" answers in excess of the "No" answers. Warner's original version is different: The sensitive question is worded in two dichotomous alternatives, chance decides, unknown to the interviewer, which one is to be answered honestly; the interviewer gets a "no" without knowing to which of the two questions. For mathematical reasons chance cannot be "fair". Let p be the probability to answer the sensitive question and E P the true proportion of those interviewed bearing the embarrassing property the proportion of "yes"-answers Y A is composed as follows: Y A = p × E P + Transformed to yield EP: E P = Y A + p − 1 2 p − 1 Alternative 1: "I have consumed marijuana."

Alternative 2: "I have never consumed marijuana."The interviewed are asked to secretly throw a dice and answer the first question only if they throw a 6, otherwise the second question. The "yes"-answers are now composed of consumers who have thrown a 6 and non-consumers who have thrown a different number. Let the result be 75 "yes"-answers out of 100 interviewed. Inserted into the formula you get E P = / = 1 8 If all interviewed have answered then their true proportion of consumers is 1/8. Arijit Chaudhuri, Rahul Mukerjee: Randomized response: theory and techniques. Lee, Cheon-Sig, Sedory, S. A. and Singh, Sarjinder. Estimating at least seven measures for qualitative variables using randomized response sampling. Statistics and Probability Letters, 83, 399-409. M. Ostapczuk, M. Moshagen, Z. Zhao & J. Musch. Assessing sensitive attributes using the randomized-response-technique: Evidence for the importance of response symmetry. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics 34, 267–87. M. Ostapczuk, J. Musch & M. Moshagen.

A randomized-response investigation of the education effect in attitudes towards foreigners. European Journal of Social Psychology 39, 920–31. D. Quercia, Ilias Leontiadis, Liam McNamara, Cecilia Mascolo, Jon Crowcroft. SpotME If You Can: Randomized Responses for Locat