The Clinton Foundation is a non-profit organization under section 501 of the U. S. tax code. It was established by former President of the United States Bill Clinton with the stated mission to "strengthen the capacity of people in the United States and throughout the world to meet the challenges of global interdependence." Its offices are located in Arkansas. Through 2016, the foundation had raised an estimated $2 billion from U. S. corporations, foreign governments and corporations, political donors, various other groups and individuals. The acceptance of funds from wealthy donors has been a source of controversy; the foundation "has won accolades from philanthropy experts and has drawn bipartisan support". Charitable grants are not a major focus of the Clinton Foundation, which instead uses most of its money to carry out its own humanitarian programs; this foundation is a public organization to which anyone may donate and is distinct from the Clinton Family Foundation, a private organization for personal Clinton family philanthropy.
According to the Clinton Foundation's website, neither Bill Clinton nor his daughter, Chelsea Clinton, draws any salary or receives any income from the Foundation. When Hillary Clinton was a board member, she also received no income from the Foundation; the origins of the foundation go back to 1997, when then-president Bill Clinton was focused on fundraising for the future Clinton Presidential Center in Little Rock, Arkansas. He founded the William J. Clinton Foundation in 2001 following the completion of his presidency. Longtime Clinton advisor Bruce Lindsey became the CEO in 2004. Lindsey moved from being CEO to being chair for health reasons. Other Clinton hands who played an important early role included Ira Magaziner. Additional Clinton associates who have had senior positions at the foundation include John Podesta and Laura Graham; the foundation's success is spurred by Bill Clinton's worldwide fame and his ability to bring together corporate executives and government officials. The foundation areas of involvement have corresponded to whatever Bill felt an interest in.
Preceding Barack Obama's 2009 nomination of Hillary Clinton as United States Secretary of State, Bill Clinton agreed to accept a number of conditions and restrictions regarding his ongoing activities and fundraising efforts for the Clinton Presidential Center and the Clinton Global Initiative. Accordingly, a list of donors was released in December 2008. By 2011, Chelsea Clinton had a seat on its board. To raise money for the Foundation, she gave paid speeches, such as her $65,000 2014 address at the University of Missouri in Kansas City for the opening of the Starr Women's Hall of Fame. In 2013, Hillary Clinton joined the foundation following her tenure as Secretary of State, she planned to focus her work on issues regarding women and children, as well as economic development. Accordingly, at that point, it was renamed the "Bill, Hillary & Chelsea Clinton Foundation". Extra attention was paid to the foundation due to the 2016 United States presidential election. In July 2013, Eric Braverman was named CEO of the foundation.
He is a friend and former colleague of Chelsea Clinton from Company. At the same time, Chelsea Clinton was named vice chair of the foundation's board; the foundation was in the midst of a move to two floors of the Time-Life Building in Midtown Manhattan. Chelsea Clinton moved the organization to an outside review, conducted by the firm of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett, its conclusions were made public in mid-2013. The main focus was to determine how the foundation could achieve firm financial footing, not dependent upon the former president's fundraising abilities, how it could operate more like a permanent entity rather than a start-up organization, thus how it could survive and prosper beyond Bill Clinton's lifetime. Dennis Cheng, a former Hillary Clinton campaign official and State Department deputy chief, was named to oversee a $250 million endowment drive; the review found the management and structure of the foundation needed improvements, including an increase in the size of its board of directors that would have a more direct involvement in planning and budget activities.
Additionally, the review said that all employees needed to understand the foundation's conflict of interest policies and that expense reports needed a more formal review process. In January 2015, Braverman announced his resignation. Politico attributed the move to being "partly from a power struggle inside the foundation between and among the coterie of Clinton loyalists who have surrounded the former president for decades and who helped start and run the foundation." He was succeeded at first in an acting capacity by Maura Pally. On February 18, 2015, The Washington Post reported that, "the foundation has won accolades from philanthropy experts and has drawn bipartisan support, with members of the George W. Bush administration participating in its programs." In March 2015, former Secretary of Health and Human Services in the Clinton administration, Donna Shalala, was selected to run the Clinton Foundation. She left in April 2017. In August 2016 The Boston Globe's editorial board suggested that the Clinton Foundation cease accepting donations.
The Globe's editorial board offered praise for the foundation's work but added that "as long as either of the Clintons are in public office, or seeking it, they should not operate a charity, too" because it represents a conflict of
Cape Girardeau Regional Airport
Cape Girardeau Regional Airport is a city owned public use airport in Scott County, United States. It is located five nautical miles southwest of the central business district of Cape Girardeau, a city in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri; the airport is used for general aviation, has scheduled service by United Express partner SkyWest with subsidized Essential Air Service program flights to Paducah, KY and Chicago O’Hare. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, which categorized it as a Commercial Service - Nonprimary airport based on passenger enplanements. Cape Girardeau Regional Airport covers an area of 557 acres at an elevation of 342 feet above mean sea level, it has two runways: 10/28 is 6,500 by 150 feet with a concrete surface. For the 12-month period ending September 30, 2018, the airport had 29,106 aircraft operations, an average of 80 per day: 91% general aviation, 5% scheduled commercial, 3% air taxi and 1% military. In January 2019, there were 57 aircraft based at this airport: 48 single-engine, 5 multi-engine, 2 jet and 2 helicopter.
Opened in 1943, the airport was constructed by the United States Army Air Forces. Known as Harris Army Airfield, the airfield was a primary pilot training airfield assigned to AAF Flying Training Command, Southeast Training Center, it was operated under contract to Cape Institute of Aeronautics, Inc. with the civil instructors under the USAAF 73d Flying Training Detachment. Fairchild PT-19s were the primary trainer at the airfield. Contract flying training was short at the airfield, the school closing during the late summer of 1944 with the draw down of AAFTC's pilot training program; the airfield was turned over to civil control at the end of the war though the War Assets Administration. Missouri World War II Army Airfields 29th Flying Training Wing Cape Girardeau Regional Airport, official web site FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 FAA Terminal Procedures for CGI, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for CGI AirNav airport information for CGI FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for CGI AC-U-KWIK information for KCGI
Corrugated galvanised iron
Corrugated galvanised iron or steel is a building material composed of sheets of hot-dip galvanised mild steel, cold-rolled to produce a linear corrugated pattern in them. Although it is still popularly called "iron" in the UK, the material used is steel, only the surviving vintage sheets may be made up of 100% iron; the corrugations increase the bending strength of the sheet in the direction perpendicular to the corrugations, but not parallel to them, because the steel must be stretched to bend perpendicular to the corrugations. Each sheet is manufactured longer in its strong direction. CGI is lightweight and transported, it was and still is used in rural and military buildings such as sheds and water tanks. Its unique properties were used in the development of countries like Australia from the 1840s, it is still helping developing countries today. CGI was invented in the 1820s in Britain by Henry Robinson Palmer and engineer to the London Dock Company, it was made from wrought iron. It proved to be light, corrosion-resistant, transported, lent itself to prefabricated structures and improvisation by semi-skilled workers.
It soon became a common construction material in rural areas in the United States, New Zealand and Australia and India, in Australia and Chile became a common roofing material in urban areas. In Australia and New Zealand it has become part of the cultural identity, fashionable architectural use has become common. CGI is widely used as building material in African slums and informal settlements. For roofing purposes, the sheets are laid somewhat like tiles, with a lateral overlap of one and half corrugations, a vertical overlap of about 150 millimetres, to provide for waterproofing. CGI is a common construction material for industrial buildings throughout the world. Wrought iron CGI was replaced by mild steel from around the 1890s, iron CGI is no longer obtainable but the common name has not been changed. Galvanized sheets with simple corrugations are being displaced by 55% Al-Zn coated steel or coil-painted sheets with complex profiles. CGI remains common. Today the corrugation process is carried out using the process of roll forming.
This modern process is automated to achieve high productivity and low costs associated with labour. In the corrugation process sheet metal is pulled off huge rolls and through rolling dies that form the corrugation. After the sheet metal passes through the rollers it is automatically sheared off at a desired length; the traditional shape of corrugated material is the round wavy style, but different dies form a variety of shapes and sizes. Industrial buildings are build with and covered by trapezoidal sheet metal. Many materials today undergo the corrugation process; the most common materials for corrugated iron are ferrous alloys and copper. Regular ferrous alloys are the most common availability. Common sizes of corrugated material can range from a thin 30 gauge to a thick 6 gauge. Thicker or thinner gauges may be produced. Other materials such as plastic and fibreglass are given the corrugated look. Many applications are available for these products including using them with metal sheets to allow light to penetrate below.
The corrugations are described in terms of depth. It is important for the pitch and depth to be quite uniform, in order for the sheets to be stackable for transport, to overlap neatly when joining two sheets. Pitches have ranged from 25 mm to 125 mm, it was once common for CGI used for vertical walls to have a shorter pitch and depth than roofing CGI. This shorter pitched material was sometimes called "rippled" instead of "corrugated"; however nowadays, nearly all CGI produced has the same pitch of 3 inches. Clapping hands or snapping one’s fingers whilst standing next to perpendicular sheets of corrugated iron will produce a high-pitched echo with a falling pitch; this is due to a sequence of echoes from adjacent corrugations. If sound is traveling at 344 metres per second and the corrugated iron has a wavelength of 3 inches this will produce an echo with a maximum wavelength of that order, which corresponds to a frequency of 4500 Hz or so; the first part of the echo will have a much higher pitch because the sound impulses from iron nearly opposite the clapper will arrive simultaneously.
Although galvanising inhibits the corrosion of steel, rusting is inevitable in marine areas - where the salt water encourages rust - and areas where the local rainfall is acidic. Corroded corrugated steel roofs can last for many many years if the sheetings are protected by a layer of paint. Chattel house Metal roof Nissen hut Tin tabernacle Theorema Egregium, for more information on why corrugation increases strength Heritage Roofing in Victoria, Australia Corrugated Metal Roofing & Paneling
Compacted graphite iron
Compacted graphite iron known as vermicular graphite iron in non-English speaking countries, is a metal, gaining popularity in applications that require either greater strength, or lower weight than cast iron. R. D. Schelleng obtained a patent for the production of Compacted graphite iron in 1965; the graphite in compacted graphite iron differs in structure from that in gray iron because the graphite particles are shorter and thicker. The first commercial application for compacted graphite iron was for the brake discs for high-speed rail trains. More compacted graphite iron has been used for diesel engine blocks, it has proven to be useful in the manufacture of V topology diesel engines where the loading on the block is high between the cylinder banks, for heavy goods vehicles which use diesel engines with high combustion pressures. It is used for turbo housings and exhaust manifolds, in the latter case to reduce corrosion. Malleable iron Ductile iron
Computer-generated imagery is the application of computer graphics to create or contribute to images in art, printed media, video games, television programs, commercials and simulators. The visual scenes may be dynamic or static and may be two-dimensional, though the term "CGI" is most used to refer to 3D computer graphics used for creating scenes or special effects in films and television. Additionally, the use of 2D CGI is mistakenly referred to as "traditional animation", most in the case when dedicated animation software such as Adobe Flash or Toon Boom is not used or the CGI is hand drawn using a tablet and mouse; the term'CGI animation' refers to dynamic CGI rendered as a movie. The term virtual world refers to interactive environments. Computer graphics software is used to make computer-generated imagery for etc.. Availability of CGI software and increased computer speeds have allowed individual artists and small companies to produce professional-grade films and fine art from their home computers.
This has brought about an Internet subculture with its own set of global celebrities, clichés, technical vocabulary. The evolution of CGI led to the emergence of virtual cinematography in the 1990s where runs of the simulated camera are not constrained by the laws of physics. Not only do animated images form part of computer-generated imagery, natural looking landscapes are generated via computer algorithms. A simple way to generate fractal surfaces is to use an extension of the triangular mesh method, relying on the construction of some special case of a de Rham curve, e.g. midpoint displacement. For instance, the algorithm may start with a large triangle recursively zoom in by dividing it into four smaller Sierpinski triangles interpolate the height of each point from its nearest neighbors; the creation of a Brownian surface may be achieved not only by adding noise as new nodes are created but by adding additional noise at multiple levels of the mesh. Thus a topographical map with varying levels of height can be created using straightforward fractal algorithms.
Some typical, easy-to-program fractals used in CGI are the plasma fractal and the more dramatic fault fractal. A large number of specific techniques have been researched and developed to produce focused computer-generated effects — e.g. the use of specific models to represent the chemical weathering of stones to model erosion and produce an "aged appearance" for a given stone-based surface. Modern architects use services from computer graphic firms to create 3-dimensional models for both customers and builders; these computer generated. Architectural animation can be used to see the possible relationship a building will have in relation to the environment and its surrounding buildings; the rendering of architectural spaces without the use of paper and pencil tools is now a accepted practice with a number of computer-assisted architectural design systems. Architectural modeling tools allow an architect to visualize a space and perform "walk-throughs" in an interactive manner, thus providing "interactive environments" both at the urban and building levels.
Specific applications in architecture not only include the specification of building structures and walk-throughs but the effects of light and how sunlight will affect a specific design at different times of the day. Architectural modeling tools have now become internet-based. However, the quality of internet-based systems still lags behind that of sophisticated in-house modeling systems. In some applications, computer-generated images are used to "reverse engineer" historical buildings. For instance, a computer-generated reconstruction of the monastery at Georgenthal in Germany was derived from the ruins of the monastery, yet provides the viewer with a "look and feel" of what the building would have looked like in its day. Computer generated. However, organizations such as the Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute have developed anatomically correct computer-based models. Computer generated anatomical models can be used both for operational purposes. To date, a large body of artist produced medical images continue to be used by medical students, such as images by Frank H. Netter, e.g. Cardiac images.
However, a number of online anatomical models are becoming available. A single patient X-ray is not a computer generated image if digitized. However, in applications which involve CT scans a three-dimensional model is automatically produced from a large number of single slice x-rays, producing "computer generated image". Applications involving magnetic resonance imaging bring together a number of "snapshots" to produce a composite, internal image. In modern medical applications, patient-specific models are constructed in'computer assisted surgery'. For instance, in total knee replacement, the construction of a detailed patient-specific model can be used to plan the surgery; these three-dimensional models are extracted from multiple CT scans of the appropriate parts of the patient's own anatomy. Such models can be used for planning aortic valve implantations, one of the common procedures for treating heart disease. Given that the shape and position of the coronary openings can vary from patient to patient, the extraction of a model that resembles a patient's valve anatomy can be beneficial in planning the procedure.
Models of cloth fall
Chulabhorn Graduate Institute
Chulabhorn Graduate Institute is a multidisciplinary post-graduate academic institute, comprising faculty members from the Chulabhorn Research Institute, other leading universities in Thailand, as well as from academic and research institutions from around the world. Academic programs are divided into three main areas: Applied Biological Sciences Chemical Biology Environmental Toxicology The Chulabhorn Graduate Institute is a private graduate institution established in 2005, to celebrate the 48th Birthday of Professor Princess Chulabhorn Mahidol. With the approval of the Ministry of Education, it was established as an autonomous higher education institution on December 28, 2005, having Professor Princess Chulabhorn as the Chancellor of the Institute Council. Official website
Atlas jet is an airline with its headquarters in Moscow, Russia. It provides aviation management and project support, it offered international medevac services. The airline was established on 30 November 1994 and started operations in 1994, it was known as CGI Aero. It was 100% owned by Clintondale Aviation. Following the fatal accident in 2011, its AOC license was revoked. In 28 October 2011, the airline re-opened after changing its name to "Atlasjet"; as of June 2015 the AtlasJet fleet includes the following aircraft: 2 Sukhoi Superjet 100 On 20 June 2011, a RusAir Tupolev Tu-134A-3K, Flight 243, operating for RusLine, with 43 passengers and nine crew crash landed, broke up, caught fire on a highway short of the runway at Petrozavodsk Airport while en route from Moscow to Petrozavodsk, killing 47 people and leaving five survivors. RusAir official website RusAir Clintondale Aviation RusAir aircraft