CGR 2-6-0ST 1900

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Port Elizabeth Harbour 2-6-0ST 1900
CGR 2-6-0ST 1900
South African 2-6-0ST 1900
CGR 2-6-0ST 1900 cropped.jpg
PEHB engines I and J at Port Elizabeth
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Kitson and Company
Builder Kitson and Company
Serial number 4245 (3rd locomotive)
Build date 1900, 1903
Total produced 3
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 2-6-0ST (Mogul)
 • UIC 1Cn2t
Driver 2nd coupled axle
Gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Leading dia. 24 in (610 mm)
Coupled dia. 39 in (991 mm)
Wheelbase 11 ft 4 in (3,454 mm)
 • Coupled 7 ft 6 in (2,286 mm)
Wheel spacing
(Asymmetrical)
1-2: 3 ft 5 in (1,041 mm)
2-3: 4 ft 1 in (1,245 mm)
Length 23 ft 4 in (7,112 mm)
Height 11 ft 4 in (3,454 mm)
Axle load 7 LT 8 cwt (7,519 kg)
 • Leading 5 LT 7 cwt (5,436 kg)
 • 1st coupled 6 LT 16 cwt (6,909 kg)
 • 2nd coupled 7 LT 8 cwt (7,519 kg)
 • 3rd coupled 6 LT 4 cwt (6,299 kg)
Adhesive weight 20 LT 8 cwt (20,730 kg)
Loco weight 25 LT 15 cwt (26,160 kg)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 10 long hundredweight (0.5 t)
Water cap 600 imp gal (2,730 l)
Firebox type Round-top
 • Firegrate area 10 sq ft (0.93 m2)
Boiler:
 • Pitch 5 ft 8 in (1,727 mm)
 • Diameter 3 ft 4 in (1,016 mm)
 • Tube plates 9 ft 3 316 in (2,824 mm)
 • Small tubes 116: 1 34 in (44 mm)
Boiler pressure 160 psi (1,103 kPa)
Safety valve Salter
Heating surface 544 sq ft (50.5 m2)
 • Tubes 494 sq ft (45.9 m2)
 • Firebox 50 sq ft (4.6 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 13 in (330 mm) bore
20 in (508 mm) stroke
Valve gear Stephenson
Couplers Johnston link-and-pin
Performance figures
Tractive effort 10,400 lbf (46 kN) @ 75%
Career
Operators Port Elizabeth Harbour Board
Cape Government Railways
South African Railways
Number in class 3
Numbers PEHB I, J & O
CGR 1024-1026
SAR 01024-01026
Delivered 1900-1904
First run 1900
Withdrawn 1931

The Cape Government Railways 2-6-0ST of 1900 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Cape of Good Hope.

In 1900, two 2-6-0 Mogul type saddle-tank locomotives entered service on the Port Elizabeth Harbour works, followed by one more in 1904. They were later taken onto the Cape Government Railways roster and were all still in service when the South African Railways was established in 1912.[1][2][3]

Manufacturer[edit]

In 1900, two 2-6-0 saddle-tank locomotives were delivered to the Port Elizabeth Harbour Board (PEHB) from Kitson and Company. In 1904, they were followed by one more from the same manufacturer.[1][3][4]

Drawing of PEHB engine O

The builder’s works numbers of the first two locomotives are not known, but are probably two of Kitson numbers 4079 to 4083 in respect of which no trial date or owner are given in the Kitson Works Trial Book. The third locomotive, Kitson no. 4245, is listed with trial date 8 December 1903 and customer H Chaplin P.E.H.B. From the trial date, it would follow that the locomotive could only have entered service in Port Elizabeth early in 1904.[5]

The locomotives were similar in appearance and general dimensions to the 1st Class 2-6-0ST of 1876 which had been delivered as a pair of Stephenson's Patent back-to-back side-tank locomotives, before being rebuilt to saddle-tank locomotives by the Cape Government Railways (CGR) in the 1880s. The new locomotives were slightly larger, with an increased heating surface and tractive effort.[1][3]

Service[edit]

Port Elizabeth Harbour Board[edit]

The locomotives were acquired as construction locomotives for use on the Port Elizabeth harbour works. The PEHB used letters to number its locomotives at the time, and the first two of these engines were lettered I and J, while the one which was delivered in 1904 was lettered O.[3][6]

Cape Government Railways[edit]

In terms of Cape Act 38 of 1908, the Cape Government Railways (CGR) became responsible for the administration of the three major harbours in the Cape of Good Hope with effect from 1 January 1909. The locomotives were therefore all taken onto the CGR roster and renumbered in the range from 1024 to 1026. They spent their entire service lives as dock shunting engines in the Port Elizabeth Harbour.[4][6]

South African Railways[edit]

When the Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, the three Colonial government railways (CGR, Natal Government Railways and Central South African Railways) were united under a single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. Although the South African Railways and Harbours came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways were only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.[7][8]

In 1912, the locomotives were considered obsolete by the SAR and renumbered by having the numeral "0" prefixed to their existing engine numbers. Even though obsolete, they remained in service until 1931.[1][2][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8. 
  2. ^ a b Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 16. ISBN 0869772112. 
  3. ^ a b c d Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1943). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter II - The Cape Government Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, September 1943. p. 658.
  4. ^ a b Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1944). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter II - The Cape Government Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, April 1944. pp. 253-257.
  5. ^ Carter, Reg (November 1997). Kitson Works List. (Carter was assistant Librarian for the Stephenson Locomotive Society (SLS) who holds the original Kitson records.)
  6. ^ a b Updated information on the 1st Class Kitsons
  7. ^ The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, p. 25.
  8. ^ a b Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office, Pretoria, January 1912, pp. 13, 17. (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)