C.I.D. (1955 film)
C. I. D. is a 1955 Indian Malayalam film made for Merryland Studio by director M. Krishnan Nair which stars Prem Nazir, Miss Kumari, Kottarakkara Sreedharan Nair and Kumari Thankam; the film was dubbed into Tamil with the same title and was released in the same year, 1955. K. Devanarayanan dialogues. C. I. D. Sudhakaran is assigned to investigate the murder of a wealthy planter, he discovers, behind the murder and in the end marries Menon's daughter Vasanthi. Prem Nazir as C. I. D. Sudhakaran Miss Kumari as Vasanthi Kottarakkara Sreedharan Nair as Vallabhan Kumari Thankam as Valsala S. P. Pillai as Pichu & Vava Soman as Rudrapalan T. S. Muthaiah as Pachan Adoor Pankajam as Panki Jose Prakash as Mukunda Menon Sreekantan Nair as Inspector Kuttan Pillai as Sivaraman C. I. D. on IMDb C. I. D. at the Malayalam Movie Database
The Design Council the Council of Industrial Design, is a United Kingdom charity incorporated by Royal Charter. Its stated mission is "to champion great design that improves lives and makes things better", it was instrumental in the promoting of the concept of inclusive design. The Design Council's archive is located at the University of Brighton Design Archives; the Design Council operates two subsidiaries, the Design Council Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment and Design Council Enterprises Limited. The Design Council Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment, is one of Design Council’s two subsidiaries, it supports communities, local authorities and developers involved in built environment projects by providing services in three areas: design review, customised expert support, training and continued professional development. These services are supported by a network of Built Environment Experts, a multidisciplinary team of 250 experts from “architecture and infrastructure backgrounds, as well as academics, health specialists, community engagement workers”.
Design Council CABE, intended to operate as a self-sustaining business, was formed on 1 April 2011 with about 20 staff from the original CABE after it was merged with the Design Council. The BEE network was formed in 2012; the Design Council began on 19 December 1944 as the Council of Industrial Design, founded by Hugh Dalton, President of the Board of Trade in the wartime Government. Its objective was'to promote by all practicable means the improvement of design in the products of British industry'. S. C. Leslie, the Council's first director, played an important part in the Britain Can Make It exhibition of 1946, his 1947 successor Sir Gordon Russell established the organisational model for the next 40 years. Under Sir Paul Reilly the organisation changed its name to the Design Council in 1972; the Design Council was incorporated as a registered charity by Royal Charter in 1976, although it continued to operate as a non-departmental public body. In December 1994 it was restructured, resulting in a functional change from being both an advisory body and a provider of goods and services to a strategic mission “to inspire the best use of design by the United Kingdom in the world context, in order to improve prosperity and wellbeing”.
On 1 April 2010 it incorporated a subsidiary trading company called Design Council Enterprises Limited to transact “fundraising activities that are not primary-purpose charitable activity.”On 1 April 2011, it ceased to be a non-departmental public body of the Department for Business and Skills and became an independent registered charity, although it continued to receive grants from the Department. It officially merged with the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment on the same day although Design Council CABE was incorporated four days earlier. In 2017, Design Council appointed Sarah Weir as their CEO. Sir Gordon Russell, involved in the 1951 Festival of Britain, examined ways to reform the education and training of new industrial designers; the Design Centre, in London's Haymarket, was opened on 26 April 1956. The Council under Russell combined exhibitions with product endorsements, direct services to industry, commercial publishing and retail. After the Design Council’s restructuring in 1994, the Design Centre was closed to the public.
The Design Council continued to operate from the Design Centre until 1998. Between 1949 and 1999, the Design Council published Design, a “well-regarded magazine of its own” The journal ceased publication after the summer issue of 1999; the Council has hosted the British Design Awards, with the 1987 logo rights co-owned with Manchester Metropolitan University. It was suggested in 1995 in Business Strategy Review magazine that the awards made suitable benchmarks, contributing to industrial competitiveness. Chartered Society of Designers Royal Institute of British Architects Prince Philip Designers Prize Design Museum Official website Design Council Archive, University of Brighton Design Archives Design Council YouTube channel
John F. Kennedy School of Government
The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University is a public policy and public administration school, of Harvard University in Cambridge, United States; the school offers master's degrees in public policy, public administration, international development, grants several doctoral degrees, many executive education programs. It conducts research in subjects relating to politics, international affairs, economics. Since 1970 the school has graduated 17 heads of the most of any educational institution; the School's primary campus is located on John F. Kennedy Street in Cambridge; the main buildings overlook the Charles River, southwest of Harvard Yard and Harvard Square, on the site of a former MBTA Red Line trainyard. The School is adjacent to the public riverfront John F. Kennedy Memorial Park. In 2015, Douglas Elmendorf, the former director of the U. S. Congressional Budget Office who had served as a Harvard faculty member, was named Dean of the Harvard Kennedy School and Don K. Price Professor of Public Policy.
From 2004 to 2015, the School's Dean was David T. Ellwood, the Scott M. Black Professor of Political Economy at HKS. Ellwood was an assistant secretary in the Department of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration. A major $120m expansion and renovation of the campus began in 2015; the project was completed in late 2017 with an official opening in December 2017. Harvard Kennedy School was the Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration, was founded in 1936 with a $2 million gift from Lucius N. Littauer, a graduate of Harvard College, its shield was designed to express the national purpose of the school and was modeled after the U. S. shield. The School drew its initial faculty from Harvard's existing government and economics departments, welcomed its first students in 1937; the School's original home was in the Littauer Center north of Harvard Yard, now the home of the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences Economics Department. The first students at the Graduate School were so-called "Littauer Fellows", participating in a one-year course listing which developed into the school's mid-career Master in Public Administration program.
In the 1960s, the School began to develop today's public policy degree and course curriculum in the Master in Public Policy program. In 1966, the School was renamed for President John F. Kennedy. By 1978, the faculty—notably presidential scholar and adviser Richard Neustadt, foreign policy scholar and dean of the School Graham Allison, Richard Zeckhauser, Edith Stokey—had orchestrated the consolidation of the School's programs and research centers in the present campus. Under the terms of Littauer's original grant, the current HKS campus features a building called Littauer. In addition to playing a critical role in the development of the School's modern era, who at the time served as the Assistant Dean, was the founding Director of the Harvard Institute of Politics, created in 1966 in honor of President Kennedy; the IOP has been housed on the Kennedy School campus since 1978, today the Institute puts on a series of programs and study groups for Harvard undergraduates and graduate students. The John F. Kennedy, Jr. Forum in the new Littauer building is both the site of IOP forum events as well as a major social gathering place between HKS courses.
In 2012 the school announced a $500m fundraising campaign of which over $120m was to be used to expand the campus adding 91,000 square feet of space that will include six new classrooms, a new kitchen, dining facility and meeting spaces, a new student lounge and study space, more collaboration and active learning spaces as well as a redesigned central courtyard. Groundbreaking commenced on May 7, 2015 and the project was completed in late 2017, it was opened in December 2017. Harvard Kennedy School offers four master's degree programs; the two-year Master in Public Policy program focuses on policy analysis, management, ethics and negotiations in the public sector. There are three separate Master in Public Administration programs: a one-year Mid-Career Program, intended for professionals more than seven years after college graduation. Among the members of the Mid-Career MPA class are the Mason Fellows, who are public and private executives from developing countries. Mason Fellows constitute about 50% of the incoming class of Mid Career MPA candidates.
The Mason cohort is the most diverse at Harvard in terms of nationalities and ethnicities represented, it is named after late Harvard Professor and Dean of the Graduate School of Public Administration, now known as the John F. Kennedy School of Government, from 1947 to 1958 Edward Sagendorph Mason who thought of bringing the developing world leaders to Harvard to stand on the cutting edge of development knowledge aiming for a better world. In addition to the master's programs, HKS administers four doctoral programs. PhD degrees are awarded in political economy and Government, Public Policy, social policy, in conjunction with the Departments of government and sociology in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, as well as in health policy, in conjunction with FAS and the Harvard School of Public Health; the Harvard Kennedy School has a number of joint and concurrent degree programs, within Harvard and with other leadin
Identification friend or foe
Identification, friend or foe is a radar-based identification system designed for command and control. It uses a transponder that listens for an interogation signal and sends a response consisting of a unique signal that identifies the broadcaster, it enables military and civilian air traffic control interrogation systems to identify aircraft, vehicles or forces as friendly and to determine their bearing and range from the interrogator. IFF may be used by both civilian aircraft. IFF was first developed during the Second World War, with the arrival of radar, several infamous friendly fire incidents. Despite the name, IFF can only positively identify friendly targets, not hostile ones. If an IFF interrogation receives no reply or an invalid reply, the object cannot be identified as friendly, but is not positively identified as foe. There are in addition many reasons that friendly aircraft may not properly reply to IFF. IFF is a tool within the broader military action of Combat Identification, "the process of attaining an accurate characterization of detected objects in the operational environment sufficient to support an engagement decision."
The broadest characterization is that of friend, neutral, or unknown. CID not only can reduce friendly fire incidents, but contributes to overall tactical decision-making. With the successful deployment of radar systems for air defence during World War II, combatants were confronted with the difficulty of distinguishing friendly aircraft from hostile ones; this led to incidents such as the Battle of Barking Creek, over Britain, the air attack on the fortress of Koepenick over Germany. Before the deployment of their Chain Home radar system, the RAF had considered the problem of IFF. Robert Watson-Watt had filed patents on such systems in 1935 and 1936. By 1938, researchers at Bawdsey Manor began experiments with "reflectors" consisting of dipole antennas tuned to resonate to the primary frequency of the CH radars; when a pulse from the CH transmitter hit the aircraft, the antennas would resonate for a short time, increasing the amount of energy returned to the CH receiver. The antenna was connected to a motorized switch that periodically shorted it out, preventing it from producing a signal.
This caused the return on the CH set to periodically lengthen and shorten as the antenna was turned on and off. In practice, the system was found to be too unreliable to use, it had been suspected. When that turned out to be the case, the RAF turned to an different system, being planned; this consisted of a set of tracking stations using HF/DF radio direction finders. Their aircraft radios were modified to send out a 1 kHz tone for 14 seconds every minute, allowing the stations ample time to measure the aircraft's bearing. Several such stations were assigned to each "sector" of the air defence system, sent their measurements to a plotting station at sector headquarters, who used triangulation to determine the aircraft's location. Known as "pip-squeak", the system worked, but was labour-intensive and did not display its information directly to the radar operators. A system that worked directly with the radar was desirable; the first active IFF transponder was the IFF Mark I, used experimentally in 1939.
This used a regenerative receiver, which fed a small amount of the amplified output back into the input amplifying small signals as long as they were of a single frequency. They were tuned to the signal from the CH radar, amplifying it so that it was broadcast back out the aircraft's antenna. Since the signal was received at the same time as the original reflection of the CH signal, the result was a lengthened "blip" on the CH display, identifiable. In testing, it was found that the unit would overpower the radar or produce too little signal to be seen, at the same time, new radars were being introduced using new frequencies. Instead of putting Mark I into production, a new IFF Mark II was introduced in early 1940. Mark II had a series of separate tuners inside tuned to different radar bands that it stepped through using a motorized switch, while an automatic gain control solved the problem of it sending out too much signal. Mark II was technically complete as the war began, but a lack of sets meant it was not available in quantity and only a small number of RAF aircraft carried it by the time of the Battle of Britain.
Pip-squeak was kept in operation during this period, but as the Battle ended, IFF Mark II was put into full operation. Pip-squeak was still used for areas over land where CH did not cover, as well as an emergency guidance system. By 1940 the complex system of Mark II was reaching its limits while new radars were being introduced. By 1941, a number of sub-models were introduced that covered different combinations of radars, common naval ones for instance, or those used by the RAF, but the introduction of radars based on the microwave-frequency cavity magnetron rendered this obsolete. In 1940, English engineer Freddie Williams had suggested using a single separate frequency for all IFF signals, but at the time there seemed no
C.I.D. (1956 film)
C. I. D. is a 1956 Indian Hindi film directed by Raj Produced by Guru Dutt. It stars Dev Anand, Johnny Walker, K. N. Singh and Waheeda Rehman; the film is a crime thriller and has Dev Anand playing the role of a police inspector investigating a murder case. The music is by the lyrics by Majrooh Sultanpuri and Jan Nisar Akhtar, it was Waheeda Rehman's screen debut, future directors Pramod Chakravorty and Bhappi Sonie worked as assistant directors. A newspaper editor, Shrivastav, is killed when he was about to expose the underworld links of a rich and influential person, he calls over his friend, Inspector Shekhar, to talk to him about the threat he receives from the underworld. Srivastav dies by the time, he remembers that he borrows a lady's car to chase him. The lady throws a fit and they lose the chase. In the morning, the two return home. Meanwhile, on the crime scene, petty pickpocket Master is found at scene and confesses to seeing the whole murder. Shekhar uncovers some of the gang, Master identifies the killer, put in jail.
Meanwhile, the lady Rekha turns out to be the daughter of the Chief of Police, trust is formed. Shekhar is taken to the criminal's house in an attempt to bribe him to release the prisoner, but the attempt fails; the person who offers the bribe is Kamini. She spikes the drink offered to Shekhar, intoxicates him, the gang leaves him on the street, he is found by Rekha. At Rekha's birthday party, Shekhar follows her. Kamini turns out to be a childhood friend of Rekha; the mastermind, now wants to incriminate Shekhar so that he can be clear of any fear. They try to persuade him, but fail; the gang kills the original killer by sending their people to frame Shekhar for it. This puts the blame on Shekhar for the two murders, he waits for the verdict the next day. By this point, romantic feelings have grown between Shekhar, they talk, Shekhar does not know what to do. He is persuaded by Master to run away, knowing that he will have to prove who the real killer is by getting a chance to investigate, he runs away.
Dharamdas knows that when Shekhar comes out of hiding, he will have the evidence to expose the mastermind. So, he sends his men to kill Shekhar, they shoot him, Shekhar manages to reach the killer's house unseen. He is confronted by Kamini, she feels for him, realizes that Dharamdas is evil and that she should no longer be a criminal, nurtures Shekhar nearly to health. Dharamdas returns and sees Shekhar escape into a hidden dungeon. Kamini follows, it is Kamini and Shekhar vs. Dharamdas in a cat-and-mouse chase in a maze of hidden corridors and rooms. Kamini and Shekhar escape, Shekhar calls the police station, saying that he is surrendering himself. Just before he reaches the gate of the police station, Kamini is shot by Dharamdas' men, Rekha's father, aka the Chief, tries to get a full idea of the picture. Shekhar explains that Dharmdas is the mastermind. Shehar that if Kamini regains consciousness, she will testify, yet he still has to prove that Dharamdas is the criminal, so the Chief can see for himself, so they have confirmation that he is the criminal in case Kamini does not survive.
They plant an article in the newspaper saying that Kamini will testify, knowing Dharamdas will try to kill her in the hospital. They switch Kamini into Room 15, tell the desk clerk to tell Dharamadas that Kamini is in Room 13, where they will be waiting for him. Dharamdas comes just before Shekhar and the Chief give up, they wait, they realize that they left the door to Room 15 open, Dharamdas realizes the actual room as well. The Chief and Shekhar come just in time. Dharamdas is convicted and Shekhar has to face trial for running away; the Chief promises to recommend bail or drop the charges, Rekha and Shekhar continue their romantic feelings. Dev Anand as Inspector Shekhar Shakila as Rekha Johnny Walker as Master K. N. Singh as Superintendent of Police Kumkum Bir Sakuja as Dharamdas Minoo Mumtaz Mehmood as Sher Singh Tun Tun as Complainant in police station Jagdish Raj as Inspector Jagdish Waheeda Rehman as Kamini Sheela Vaz in the song'le ke pehla pehla pyar' Paul Sharma as the goon who kills Sher Singh.
Shyam Kapoor as the harmonium player in song'le ke pehla pehla pyar' The music is composed by O. P. Nayyar. All lyrics are by Majrooh Sultanpuri except "Ankhon Hi Ankhon Mein", penned by Jan Nisar Akhtar. In an interview, the famous harmonica player Milon Gupta recounted how "Yeh Hai Bombay Meri Jaan" was composed. Gupta, the music arranger for O. P. Nayyar would play short tunes on the basis of which O. P. Nayyar would compose entire songs. One day, Guru Dutt, O. P. Nayyar and Majrooh Sultanpuri were at Famous Studio, Nayyar asked Gupta to play a tune that he had played for him earlier. Gupta played it and Sultanpuri penned the lyrics for the song. Gupta played the harmonica in the actual song too. Dev Anand and Guru Dutt were friends when they struggled to get a break in films and had promised each other that Dev would give Guru Dutt a film to direct and Guru Dutt would cast Dev as a hero and direct him; as Guru Dutt did not direct C. I. D, he could fulfill only half his promise. The sc
The cubic inch is a unit of measurement for volume in the Imperial units and United States customary units systems. It is the volume of a cube with each of its three dimensions being one inch long; the cubic inch and the cubic foot are still used as units of volume in the United States, although the common SI units of volume, the liter and cubic meter, are used in manufacturing and high technology. One cubic inch is 16.387 mL. One cubic foot is equal to 1,728 cubic inches because 123 = 1,728; the following abbreviations have been used to denote the cubic inch: cubic in, cu inch, cu in, cui, CI, c.i. inch³, in³In internal combustion engines, the following abbreviations are used to denote cubic inch displacement: c.i.d. Cid, CID 1 cubic inch is equal to: 0.000578703703703 cubic feet 1 tablespoon about 0.554112552 American/English fluid ounces about 0.069264069 American/English cups about 0.000465025413 American/English bushels about 0.004329 American liquid gallons about 0.00010307 barrels of crude oil 0.016387064 liter 16.387064 milliliters or cubic centimeters 0.000016387064 cubic meters The cubic inch was established decades ago as the conventional unit in North America for measuring the volume of electrical boxes.
Because of the extensive export of electrical equipment to other countries, some usage of the non-SI unit can be found outside North America. The cubic inch was used by the automotive industry and aircraft industry in North America to express the nominal engine displacement for the engines of new automobiles, aircraft, etc; the cubic inch is still used for this purpose in classic car collecting. The auto industry now uses liters for this purpose, while reciprocating engines used in commercial aircraft have model numbers based on the cubic inch displacement; the fifth generation Ford Mustang has a Boss 302 version that reflects this heritage - with a five-liter engine similar to the original Boss. Chevrolet has revived this usage on its 427 Corvette. Dodge has a "Challenger 392". In the UK, engine displacement is now denoted in litres. However, cubic inches were sometimes used in the past to denote model numbers. An example is the AEC Reliance bus, available with five different engines: AH470, 470 cubic inches, 7.7 litres AH505, 505 cubic inches, 8.1 litres AH590, 590 cubic inches, 9.6 litres AH691, 691 cubic inches, 11.3 litres AH760, 760 cubic inches, 12.4 litresFor more information and a list of cubic-inch-to-liter displacement conversions, see engine displacement.
Conversion of units Cubic centimeter Cubic foot Orders of magnitude Square inch
C.I.D. (1990 film)
C. I. D. is a 1990 Bollywood film directed by Ajay Goel. The film stars Amrita Singh, Vinod Khanna, Suresh Oberoi, Juhi Chawla, Aftab Shivdasani, Shafi Inamdar, Alok Nath and Kiran Kumar. C. I. D. Inspector Veer wages war against organized crime, his enemy is the overlord of the drug and gold smuggling racket in India. So dangerous a man is Roshan Lala that no witness has dared to come forward to give evidence against him in court. Frustrated by the lack of evidence and witness needed to convict Roshan Lala, Inspector Veer manages to have a young undercover officer Raksha infiltrate Roshan Lala's organization; however she is soon discovered to be a Police officer and ruthlessly shot down by Roshan in a deserted street. Fatefully, this murder is witnessed by Mr. & Mrs. Saxena, a respectable middle-aged couple, whose only daughter Meghna is engaged to be married to Inspector Veer. Will Roshan Lala be successful in his design? Does Inspector Veer convict Roshan Lala or does he lose his beloved forever?
Vinod Khanna... Police Inspector Veer Sehgal Amrita Singh... Meghna Saxena Suresh Oberoi... Major Brijmohan Verma Juhi Chawla... Police Inspector Raksha Mehra Aftab Shivdasani... Sunny Kiran Kumar... Roshan Lala Shafi Inamdar... Police Inspector Faizan Alok Nath... Police Commissioner The Music is scored by Rajesh Roshan. Lyrics are penned by Ramesh Pant; the singers are Kishore Kumar, Kumar Sanu, Amit Kumar, Alka Yagnik, Alisha Chinai and Jolly Mukherjee C. I. D. on IMDb