In telecommunications, a repeater is an electronic device that receives a signal and retransmits it. Repeaters are used to extend transmissions so that the signal can cover longer distances or be received on the other side of an obstruction; some types of repeaters broadcast an identical signal, but alter its method of transmission, for example, on another frequency or baud rate. There are several different types of repeaters. A broadcast relay station is a repeater used in broadcast television; when an information-bearing signal passes through a communication channel, it is progressively degraded due to loss of power. For example, when a telephone call passes through a wire telephone line, some of the power in the electric current which represents the audio signal is dissipated as heat in the resistance of the copper wire; the longer the wire is, the more power is lost, the smaller the amplitude of the signal at the far end. So with a long enough wire the call will not be audible at the other end.
The farther from a radio station a receiver is, the weaker the radio signal, the poorer the reception. A repeater is an electronic device in a communication channel that increases the power of a signal and retransmits it, allowing it to travel further. Since it amplifies the signal, it requires a source of electric power; the term "repeater" originated with telegraphy in the 19th century, referred to an electromechanical device used to regenerate telegraph signals. Use of the term has continued in data communications. In computer networking, because repeaters work with the actual physical signal, do not attempt to interpret the data being transmitted, they operate on the physical layer, the first layer of the OSI model; this is used to increase the range of telephone signals in a telephone line. Land line repeaterThey are most used in trunklines that carry long distance calls. In an analog telephone line consisting of a pair of wires, it consists of an amplifier circuit made of transistors which use power from a DC current source to increase the power of the alternating current audio signal on the line.
Since the telephone is a duplex communication system, the wire pair carries two audio signals, one going in each direction. So telephone repeaters have to be bilateral, amplifying the signal in both directions without causing feedback, which complicates their design considerably. Telephone repeaters were the first type of repeater and were some of the first applications of amplification; the development of telephone repeaters between 1900 and 1915 made long distance phone service possible. Now, most telecommunications cables are fiber optic cables. Before the invention of electronic amplifiers, mechanically coupled carbon microphones were used as amplifiers in telephone repeaters. After the turn of the 20th century it was found that negative resistance mercury lamps could amplify, they were used; the invention of audion tube repeaters around 1916 made transcontinental telephony practical. In the 1930s vacuum tube repeaters using hybrid coils became commonplace, allowing the use of thinner wires.
In the 1950s negative impedance gain devices were more popular, a transistorized version called the E6 repeater was the final major type used in the Bell System before the low cost of digital transmission made all voiceband repeaters obsolete. Frequency frogging repeaters were commonplace in frequency-division multiplexing systems from the middle to late 20th century. Submarine cable repeaterThis is a type of telephone repeater used in underwater submarine telecommunications cables; this is used to increase the range of signals in a fiber optic cable. Digital information travels through a fiber optic cable in the form of short pulses of light; the light is made up of particles called photons, which can be scattered in the fiber. An optical communications repeater consists of a phototransistor which converts the light pulses to an electrical signal, an amplifier to increase the power of the signal, an electronic filter which reshapes the pulses, a laser which converts the electrical signal to light again and sends it out the other fiber.
However, optical amplifiers are being developed for repeaters to amplify the light itself without the need of converting it to an electric signal first. This is used to extend the range of coverage of a radio signal; the history of radio relay repeaters began in 1898 from the publication by Johann Mattausch in Austrian Journal Zeitschrift für Electrotechnik. But his proposal "Translator" was not suitable for use; the first relay system with radio repeaters, which functioned, was that invented in 1899 by Emile Guarini-Foresio. A radio repeater consists of a radio receiver connected to a radio transmitter; the received signal is amplified and retransmitted on another frequency, to provide coverage beyond the obstruction. Usage of a duplexer can allow the repeater to use one antenna for both receive and transmit at the same time. Broadcast relay station, rebroadcastor or translator: This is a repeater used to extend the coverage of a radio or television broadcasting station, it consists of a secondary television transmitter.
The signal from the main transmitter comes over leased telephone lines or by microwave relay. Microwave relay: This is a specialized point-to-point telecommunications link, consisting of a microwave receiver that receives information over a beam of microwaves from an
CITE-FM is a French-language Canadian radio station located in Montreal, Quebec. Owned and operated by Bell Media, it broadcasts on 107.3 MHz with an effective radiated power of 42,900 watts using an omnidirectional antenna from the Mount Royal candelabra tower. Its studios are located at the Bell Media building at 1717 Rene-Levesque Boulevard East in Montreal; the station has had an adult contemporary format since 1990 and is the flagship of the Rouge FM network which operates across Quebec and Eastern Ontario. CITE-FM started operations on May 20, 1977 as a sister station to CKAC with a beautiful music format. Unlike most other FM stations in Montreal which were created as a sister station to an existing AM station, it never shared the call sign of its AM sister. While the station was planned to be on 93.5 MHz, then-owner Telemedia was forced by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to use 107.3 MHz instead, as the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation had targeted 93.5 MHz as a reserved frequency and rushed to move CBM-FM from 95.1 to 93.5 MHz in 1976.
Up until 1990, CITE-FM identified itself as Radio-Cité. The station switched to adult contemporary music in 1990 and Radio-Cité was renamed Cité Rock-Détente. Telemedia's radio stations in Quebec and the Maritimes were purchased in 2002 by Astral Media. CITE-FM became the sister station of Astral Media's CKMF-FM; because of federal competition laws, Astral Media was not permitted to keep CKAC, the longtime AM sister of CITE-FM. Following the transaction, CITE-FM left the CKAC building, in the corner of Sainte-Catherine Street and Peel Street, relocated to CKMF's building at the corner of René Lévesque Boulevard and Papineau Avenue. In 2004, Astral Media revamped the Rock Détente network with a new logo; this resulted in "Cité Rock-Détente" being renamed to "107,3 RockDétente". As such, the station no longer publicly uses its callsign. On August 18, 2011, at 4:00 p.m. EDT, the station ended its longtime 21-year run with the RockDétente branding. All RockDétente stations, including CITE-FM, rebranded as Rouge FM.
The last song under the RockDétente branding was "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" by Celine Dion, followed by a tribute of the branding. The first song under Rouge FM was; the following stations are known rebroadcasters of CITE-FM: CITE-FM-1, a Rouge FM station in Sherbrooke, is not a rebroadcaster, but a separate station, despite the call sign suggesting otherwise. CITE-FM-2 serving Sherbrooke, is a low-powered repeater of CITE-FM-1. Official website CITE-FM history – Canadian Communications Foundation Query the REC's Canadian station database for CITE-FM
Littleton, New Hampshire
Littleton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,928 at the 2010 census. Situated at the northern edge of the White Mountains, Littleton is bounded on the northwest by the Connecticut River; the primary settlement in town, where 4,412 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Littleton census-designated place, is centered on the intersection of U. S. Route 302 along the Ammonoosuc River. Called "Chiswick" in 1764, the area was settled in 1769; the town was part of Lisbon until 1770, when it was granted as "Apthorp" in honor of George Apthorp, head of one of the wealthiest mercantile establishments in Boston, Massachusetts. The land was passed to the Apthorp family's associates from Newburyport, headed by Colonel Moses Little. Colonel Little held the post of Surveyor of the King's Woods, the town was named in his honor when it was incorporated in 1784, the same year New Hampshire became a state. Located along the banks of the Ammonoosuc River is the Littleton Grist Mill.
The historic mill first opened in 1798, has been restored to its original appearance. Between 1867 and 1909, the local Kilburn Brothers factory published photographs and sold stereoscopes, double-picture viewers popular in the Victorian age. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 54.1 square miles, of which 50.1 square miles is land and 4.0 square miles is water, comprising 7.41% of the town. The main village of Littleton, a census-designated place, has a total area of 8.6 square miles, of which 0.12% is water. Littleton is drained by the Ammonoosuc River; the Moore Dam on the Connecticut River forms Moore Reservoir in the north. The highest point in the town is the summit of Towns Mountain, at 2,203 feet above sea level; as of the census of 2010, there were 5,928 people, 2,673 households, 1,596 families residing in the town. The population density was 118.3 people per square mile. There were 3,065 housing units at an average density of 61.2 units/sq mi. The racial makeup of the town was 96.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.5% some other race, 1.6% from two or more races.
1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,673 households, out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were headed by married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.3% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.5% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21, the average family size was 2.77. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. For the time period 2007-11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $45,290, the median income for a family was $50,921. Male full-time workers had a median income of $40,745 versus $32,972 for females.
The per capita income for the town was $24,673. 7.5% of the population and 4.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.9% were under the age of 18 and 10.1% were 65 or older. Bronze statue of Eleanor H. Porter's creation, Pollyanna. Downtown; the center of Littleton is accessible from three exits of Interstate 93, a fourth exit serves the western end of town near the Vermont border. U. S. Route 302 runs east–west through the town center as its Main Street; as of January 2006 Littleton is served by a public transportation bus route connecting with Whitefield and Lancaster. Rich Gale, pitcher with five MLB teams Hugh Gallen, 74th governor of New Hampshire Geoffrey Hendricks, artist Benjamin W. Kilburn, veteran, stereoscopic publisher Eleanor H. Porter, author Tor Seidler, children's author Jack Tilton, American art dealer Town of Littleton official website Littleton Area Chamber of Commerce Littleton Information and Activities Littleton Public Library Families of the White Mountain Railroad and genealogy New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
Pour que tu m'aimes encore
"Pour que tu m'aimes encore" is a French-language song by Canadian singer Celine Dion, recorded for her French studio album, D'eux. It was released as the lead single on 13 March 1995 in Francophone countries and in September 1995 in other European countries. In Canada it was a radio only release; the song was released in Japan in October 1996. According to Dion, it is the biggest song of her French career, she recorded it in English as "If That's What it Takes" and included it on her 1996 album, Falling into You. "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" was written and produced by Jean-Jacques Goldman and became one of Dion's signature songs. The lyrics are sung from the viewpoint of a woman, pleading with her ex-lover that she would do anything for him to love her again; the music video can be found on Dion's DVD On ne change pas. "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" became a smash hit in France, where it topped the singles chart for 12 weeks, sold one million copies, became 1995's best-selling single. It is the 107th best-selling single of all time in the country.
It spent 15 weeks at the top in 4 weeks in Quebec. It was certified Platinum in Belgium. "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" reached top 10 in the United Kingdom and Ireland, an exceptional achievement for a French song. According to Virgin17, the single has sold more than 4,000,000 copies, worldwide. In Germany and Switzerland, "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" charted in 2011, 2012 and 2013, after it was performed on the German Show Das Supertalent by Juliette Schoppmann; the song received a Félix Award for Song of the Year, as well as an award from Trophée Radio France Internationale for " Conseil Francophone de la Chanson". The song won an award by the Victoires de la Musique for "Best Song of the Year"; the song was included in four of Dion's live albums, Live à Paris, Au cœur du stade, Taking Chances World Tour: The Concert, Céline une seule fois / Live 2013. The song was featured on three compilation albums including, The Collector's Series, Volume One, On ne change pas, My Love: Ultimate Essential Collection.
Dion performed the song five nights a week during her show A New Day... at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, as well as during her 2008-09 Taking Chances World Tour. She performed the song at Céline sur les Plaines, a concert for Quebec City's 400th anniversary. In 2005, Dion recorded a live version with 500 choristers for the album 500 Choristes avec.... Dion performed this song during her Summer Tour 2016, in the 2017 European tour, the 2018 tour."Pour que tu m'aimes encore" was covered in 2000 by Elsa Lunghini, Liane Foly and Hélène Segara on the number-on album Les Enfoirés en 2000. Nigerian singer Funke Olayode recorded a Yoruba version re-entitled "To ba J’oun To Gba" in 2001, it was covered by the operatic pop group Il Divo in November 2005, on their second album Ancora. In November 2006, the music producer Antonis Karalis released his debut worldwide single "To Be Continued" with the Greek version of "Pour que tu m'aimes encore", called "S'Agapo Sa Trelos"; the tune has a rock arrangement that combines electric guitars.
In May 2007, Elena Paparizou released her new single "Fos" with another Greek version of the song called "An Esy M'agapas". Les Sœurs Boulay released an acoustic cover in 2016. "Pour que tu m'aimes encore" on YouTube
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Sherbrooke is a city in southern Quebec, Canada. Sherbrooke is situated at the confluence of the Saint-François and Magog rivers in the heart of the Estrie administrative region. Sherbrooke is the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality and census division of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke. With 161,323 residents at the 2016 census, Sherbrooke was the sixth largest city in the province of Quebec and the thirtieth largest in Canada; the Sherbrooke Census Metropolitan Area had 212,105 inhabitants, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Quebec and nineteenth largest in Canada. Known as Hyatt's Mill, it was renamed after Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a British general, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Governor General of British North America. Sherbrooke is the primary economic, political and institutional centre of Estrie, was known as the Queen of the Eastern Townships at the beginning of the 20th century. There are eight institutions educating 40,000 students and employing 11,000 people, 3,700 of whom are professors and researchers.
The direct economic impact of these institutions exceeds 1 billion dollars. The proportion of university students is 10.32 students per 100 inhabitants. In proportion to its population, Sherbrooke has the largest concentration of students in Quebec. Since the nineteenth century, Sherbrooke has been a manufacturing centre; this segment of the economy has experienced a considerable transformation in recent decades as a result of the decline of the city's traditional manufacturing sectors. The service sector occupies a prominent place in the economy of the city, as well as a growing knowledge-based economy; the Sherbrooke region is surrounded by mountains and lakes. There are various tourist attractions in regional flavour. Mont-Bellevue Park, a large park in the city, is used for downhill skiing; the First Nations were the first inhabitants, having settled the region between 8,000 and 3,000 years ago. Traces of seasonal camps, characterized by arrowheads and other similar tools have been found. Ceramic objects dating from the Woodland period were found, indicating that the region continued to be occupied by nomadic people during this period.
Upon the arrival of Samuel de Champlain in Quebec in 1608, this region was under the control of the Mohawks. France created an alliance through its missionaries with the Abenaki, located in Vermont; the French were driven to the valley of the St. Lawrence River near Trois-Rivières after a Mohawk victory in the war of 1660; the area around present-day Sherbrooke became a battlefield between the two peoples who had to travel to the region, both of whom sought to obtain control of the territory. For the Abenaki, the confluence of Pskasewantekw and Alsigôntekw, present day Sherbrooke, which they named Shacewanteku, was an important resting point during the seasonal passages. During the Seven Years' War between France and Britain, the Abenaki, still allied with the French, travelled along the rivers of the Eastern Townships near present-day Sherbrooke, during raids against British forts; the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783, ending the Revolutionary War and recognizing the Independence of the United States.
During this time, the Eastern Townships were under Abekani control for a few years, having practised hunting and fishing for centuries. However, the American Revolution attracted British loyalists from America to the region, who began to covet the land and obtain government grants; the first European settler to reside in the Sherbrooke region was a French Canadian named Jean-Baptiste Nolain, of whom few details are known, except that he arrived in 1779 to engage in agriculture. The first attempts at colonization occurred in 1792 on the banks of the St. Francis River; this settlement was known as Cowan's Clearance. In 1793, loyalist Gilbert Hyatt, a farmer from Schenectady, New York, established his farm not far from the confluence of the Massawippi River and Coaticook River, before the governor of Lower Canada awarded the land. Over the next two years, 18 families came to live on the site; the Crown acknowledged Hyatt's ownership of the land in 1801. Hyatt built the first dam on the Magog River, in collaboration with another loyalist named Jonathan Ball, who had bought land on the north bank of the river.
Hyatt built a gristmill in 1802 on the south bank of the river, while Ball built a sawmill on the north shore. By constructing the mill, Hyatt founded the small village that became known as "Hyatt's Mills"; the village was named "Hyatt's Mills" until 1818, when the village was renamed after Governor General Sir John Sherbrooke at the time of his retirement and return to Britain. In 1832, the village attracted most of the activities of the British American Land Company and benefited from the injection of British capital into the region. Manufacturing activities were established. From 1835 Sherbrooke began to seek government support to establish a railway line, but this only became a reality in 1852 through the line connecting the cities of Montreal and Portland. From 1867 to 1892, the manufacturing system was based on hydraulic power; the Gorge of the Magog River is considered one of the best industrial sites in Quebec, since the waters never freeze there, allowing year-long production of energy.
At that time, BALC invested significant sums in the reconstruction of several dams in the gorge upstream to Magog Lake, in order to regulate the flow of the river, an