Lighting control console
A lighting control console is an electronic device used in theatrical lighting design to control multiple lights at once. They are used throughout the entertainment industry and are placed at the Front of House position or in a control booth. All lighting control consoles can control dimmers. Many modern consoles can control Intelligent lighting, fog machines and hazers, other special effects devices; some consoles can interface with other electronic performance hardware to improve synchronization or unify their control. Lighting consoles communicate with the dimmers and other devices in the lighting system via an electronic control protocol; the most common protocol used in the entertainment industry today is DMX512, although other protocols may still be found in use, newer protocols such as ACN and DMX-512-A are evolving to meet the demands of increasing device sophistication. Consoles vary from small preset boards to dedicated moving light consoles; the purpose of all lighting consoles, however is the same: to consolidate control of the lights into an organized, easy-to-use system, so that the lighting designer can concentrate on producing a good show.
Most consoles accept MIDI Show Control signals and commands to allow show control systems to integrate their capabilities into more complex shows. Preset boards are the most basic lighting consoles—and the most prevalent in smaller installations, they consist of two or more identical fader banks, called scenes. The faders on these scenes can be manually adjusted; each scene has the same number of channels. So the console operator can build a scene offline or in "blind", a cross-fader or submaster is used to selectively mix or fade between the different scenes. At least with a preset board, the operator has a cue sheet for each scene, a diagram of the board with the faders in their positions, as determined by the lighting designer; the operator sets the faders into their positions based on the cue sheets. During a cue, the operator sets the next scene; the operator makes the transition between the scenes using the cross-fader. Preset boards are not as prevalent since the advent of digital memory consoles, which can store scenes digitally, are much less cumbersome but more expensive than preset boards.
However, for small setups such as that of a DJ, they remain the board of choice for their simple to use interface and relative flexibility. Preset boards control only conventional lights. However, this is not recommended. Memory-based consoles have become popular in all larger installations theatres; this type of controller has completely replaced preset consoles as controllers of choice. Memory consoles are preferable in productions where scenes do not change from show to show, such as a theatre production, because scenes are designed and digitally recorded, so there is less room for human error, less time between lighting cues is required to produce the same result, they allow for lighting cues to contain larger channel counts due to the same time savings gained from not physically moving individual channel faders. Many memory consoles have a bank of faders; these faders can be programmed to control a group of channels. The console may have provision to operate in analog to a manual desk for programming scenes or live control.
On more advanced consoles, faders can be used to control effects and moving light effects. Moving Light Controllers are another step up in sophistication from Memory Consoles; as well as being capable of controlling ordinary luminares via dimmers, they provide additional controls for intelligent fixtures. On midrange controllers, these are provided as a section separate from main Preset and Cue stack controls; these include an array of buttons allowing the operator to select the fixture or fixtures they want to control, a joystick, or a number of wheels or rotary encoders to control fixture attributes such as the orientation, colour, gobos etc. found in this type of light. Unlike a fader that shows its value based on the position of a slider, a wheel is continuously variable and provides no visual feedback for the value of a particular control; some form of display such as LCD or LED is therefore vital for displaying this information. The more advanced desks have one or more touchscreens, present a GUI that integrates all the aspects of the lighting.
As there is no standard way of controlling an intelligent light, an important function for this type of desk is to consolidate the various ways in which the hundreds of types of intelligent lights are controlled into a single abstract interface for the user. By integrating knowledge of different fixtures and their attributes into the lighting desk software, the detail of how an attribute such as pan or tilt is controlled for one device vs. another can be hidden from the operator. This frees the operator to think in terms of what they want to achieve instead of how it is achieved for any
Center for Information Technology Policy
The Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University is a leading interdisciplinary research center, dedicated to exploring the intersection of technology, public policy, the social sciences. Faculty and other researchers come from a variety of disciplines, including Computer Science, Politics, Engineering and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs; the CITP conducts research in a number of areas, such as Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning and Cryptocurrencies, Electronic Voting, Government Transparency, Intellectual Property. Various media outlets, government agencies, private organizations have cited the research of the CITP; the current Director of the CITP is Edward Felten, the Robert E. Kahn Professor of Computer Science and Public Affairs at Princeton University, he has served as the Deputy U. S. Chief Technology Officer and as the first Chief Technologist for the Federal Trade Commission. One of the leading research initiatives at the CITP centers on electronic voting.
Felten, Ariel J. Feldman, J. Alex Halderman conducted security analysis on a Diebold AccuVote-TS voting machine, one of the most used machines of its kind, they discovered a method. Their research gained additional media attention when it was brought before the U. S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in June 2017; the Interconnection Measurement Project is an annual initiative at the CITP that provides ongoing data collection and analysis from ISP interconnection points. Aggregated data serving 50 percent of residential broadband subscribes is collected every 5 minutes; the CITP offers an undergraduate certificate in Technology and Society, Information Technology Track. This program requires students to complete a combination of core, technology and breadth courses in and outside the area of information technology; the goal of the program is to help students better understand how technology drives social change and how society itself shapes technology. The CITP hosts a number of workshops, policy briefings, lecture series, initiatives at Princeton University.
Forum for International Trade Training
The Forum for International Trade Training is "a not-for-profit organization that offers international business training and professional certification to individuals and businesses."FITT offers the FITTskills international trade training program, a series of 6 courses for global business professionals that can be taken either online or in a classroom setting through educational partners. FITTskills students receive the FITT Certificate in International Trade after completing three of the courses, the FITT Diploma in International Trade after completing all six courses; the organization offers the Certified International Trade Professional designation trademarked as the FITT International Business Professional designation in the U. S. and Europe. It is referred to as the CITP|FIBP designation. In French, it is referred to as the Professionnel accrédité en commerce international designation. FITT's strategic partners are Export Development Canada, Global Affairs Canada and the World Trade Centers Association.
In the late 1980s, Dieter Hollweck, began the planning towards a new organization. FITT was incorporated in 1992 as part of Canada’s sector council initiative. FITT first launched its FITTskills training program in 1993, now in its sixth edition, with the seventh edition being launched in early 2017. In 1996, it launched the Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition process to allow business professionals to use their previous work and educational experience to earn FITTskills credits. FITTskills courses were first offered online in 1999. In 2001, FITT began to accredit academic institutions and organizations offering international business courses to offer FITTskills courses. There are over 43 educational partners in Canada, Colombia, Malaysia and the UK, offering FITTskills courses in a classroom setting. FITT's CITP designation was first offered in 1998, the competency requirements were revised in 2006 and again in 2016. Since 2009, it has been trademarked as the FIBP designation in the U. S. and Europe.
FITT has awarded honorary CITP|FIBP designations to several notable figures in international trade, including former Canadian Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister John Manley, Canadian Chamber of Commerce CEO Perrin Beatty, Governor of the Bank of Canada Stephen Poloz, former Canadian Minister of International Trade Stockwell Day. Www. FITTforTrade.com Trade Ready - FITT's international trade blog
British Computer Society
The British Computer Society is a professional body and a learned society that represents those working in Information Technology and Computer Science, both in the United Kingdom and internationally. Founded in 1956, BCS has played an important role in educating and nurturing IT professionals, computer scientists, computer engineers, upholding the profession, accrediting chartered IT professional status, creating a global community active in promoting and furthering the field and practice of computing. With a worldwide membership of over 68,000 members in over 150 countries, BCS is a registered charity and was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1984, its objectives are to promote the study and application of communications technology and computing technology and to advance knowledge of education in ICT for the benefit of professional practitioners and the general public. BCS is a member institution of Engineering Council, through which it is licensed to award the designation of Incorporated Engineer and Chartered Engineer and therefore is responsible for regulation of ICT and computer science fields within the UK.
The BCS is a member of the Council of European Professional Informatics Societies and the Seoul Accord for international tertiary degree recognition. BCS was a member organisation of the Science Council through which it was licensed to award the designation of Chartered Scientist. BCS has offices off the Strand in Southampton Street, south of Covent Garden in central London; the main administrative offices are in Swindon, west of London. It has two overseas offices in Sri Lanka and Mauritius. Members are sent the quarterly IT professional magazine ITNOW. BCS is a member organization of the Federation of Enterprise Architecture Professional Organizations, a worldwide association of professional organizations which have come together to provide a forum to standardize and otherwise advance the discipline of Enterprise Architecture; the forerunner of BCS was the "London Computer Group", founded in 1956. BCS was formed a year from the merger of the LCG and an unincorporated association of scientists into an unincorporated club.
In October 1957, BCS was incorporated, by Articles of Association, as "The British Computer Society Ltd": the first President of BCS was Sir Maurice Wilkes, FRS. In 1966, the BCS was granted charitable status and in 1970, the BCS was given Armorial Bearings including the shield and crest; the major ethical responsibilities of BCS are emphasized by the leopard's face, surmounting the whole crest and depicting eternal vigilance over the integrity of the Society and its members. The BCS patron is HRH The Duke of Kent, KG, he became patron in December 1976 and has been involved in BCS activities having been President in the Silver Jubilee Year in 1982–1983. In 2007, BCS launched BCSrecruit.com — a job site aimed at IT professionals. In 2008 the BCS was labelled "irrelevant" by an IT training company, in connection with claims it made that nine out of ten IT professionals were "unaware" of the BCS's Chartered accreditation scheme. On 21 September 2009, the British Computer Society went through a transformation and re-branded itself as "BCS — The Chartered Institute for IT".
In 2010, an Extraordinary General Meeting was called to discuss the direction of the BCS. The debate has been covered by the computing press. BCS is governed by a Trustee Board comprising the President, the Deputy President, the immediate past President, up to nine Vice Presidents, five Professional Members elected by the advisory Council. Sir Maurice Wilkes, Professor of Computer Science at Cambridge University, served as its first president; each president serves for a 2-year term. A list of presidents of the British Computer Society can be found at BCS web site; the BCS advisory Council elects the Honorary Officers — the President, the Deputy President and up to nine Vice-Presidents, together with the immediate past President and five members of Council. Lists of Trust Board and Advisory Council members are maintained online; the advisory Council provides advice to the Trustee Board on the direction and operation of BCS. The Council is a representative body of the membership, with members elected directly by the professional membership, by the Branches and Forums.
The Fellow of BCS title is conferred to individuals to recognize their outstanding achievements and contributions to Information Technology. Fellows are expected to give something back to the profession, by promoting and evangelizing the profession to the public and society, contributing to debates in conferences, meetings, etc. Fellows are nominated to the society each year and have to be supported by one or more existing fellows. Criteria for election to fellow include: Demonstrate leadership in the profession Wide acknowledgement of specific IT expertise Contribution to advancement of knowledge Eminent individual Authority and seniority, including leading major projects and managing teamsCurrent fellows include distinguished individuals from industries and universities; some of the prominent fellows include: Dame Wendy Hall, FBCS - ex-President of BCS Andy Harter, FBCS - CEO of RealVNC Tony Hey, FBCS - ex-VP of Microsoft Research Hermann Hauser, Distinguished FBCS - founder of ARM Ltd. The BCS is the only professional body in the United Kingdom with the ability to grant chartered status to IT professionals under its Royal Charter, granted to them by the Privy Council.
Thus having the ability to grant Chartered status to both its Fellows and Professional members. Known as Chartered IT Professional, they are