Clayton Park, Nova Scotia
Clayton Park is a suburb of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The Clayton Park development began on July 12,1962 when it received approval from the Municipality of the County of Halifax, Clayton Park and Fairview were all amalgamated into the City of Halifax in 1969. Primary house colors consisted of earthy tones of reds, greens and grays. Canadian architects Henry Fliess, Peter Dickinson, James A. Murray, the area was filled within four years and now extends Rockingham from the Bedford Basin to Highway 102. The area is popular among new arrivals to the Halifax area due to the number of high density apartment complexes. The Clayton Park area is home to a network of parks, walking trails. Belchers Marsh Park Belchers Marsh Park consists of the large Belchers Marsh on the east side of Parkland Drive, a network of walking trails serves both the pond and marsh areas and connects the two areas together via a riverside trail which crosses Farnham Gate Road and Parkland Drive. Benches are located around the Belchers Marsh segment of the trails, wildlife is common in the area with deer frequently seen attempting to navigate across the very busy Parkland Drive.
Ducks come and go from Belchers Marsh at various times of the year, small fish can easily be seen in the water along the shores of the marsh. Mainland North Linear Parkway A large segment of the Mainland North Linear Parkway, the trail continues in a straight line for approximately 4 km before terminating at Main Avenue in the community of Fairview. The Clayton Park West segment of the Mainland North Linear Parkway trail provides numerous connections along its route, the trail passes the Glenbourne Sports Field, the Park West School property and the Mainland Common. The parkway uses marked crosswalks to cross several major roads including Farnham Gate Road, Langbrae Drive, Radcliffe Drive, Glenbourne Sports Field The Glenbourne Sports Field is located along the northern section of Parkland Drive, with the entrance located just north of Heathside Crescent. This park provides a field, baseball diamond, basketball court, childrens playground. Parking is available in the lot and along Parkland Drive.
Veterans Memorial Park Veterans Memorial Park is a small open-air corner park located at the corner of Parkland Drive, a bench and gazebo are provided and the park is used as a gathering place for various community events. Langbrae-Turnmill Park Langbrae-Turnmill Park is located near the intersection of Langbrae Drive and Turnmill Drive, a small playground and some short wooded trails are provided here, as well as a connection to the Mainland North Linear Parkway trail. Stratford Way Park Stratford Way Park is located on Stratford Way and this is an open-air park with large open space, a playground, basketball court and community art project. Sheffield In The Park This is a sports field and grassy area located off Dunbrack Street between Lincoln Cross and Knightsridge Drive
CKHZ-FM is a Canadian radio station, serving the Halifax Metropolitan area broadcasting at 103.5 FM owned by Evanov Communications. The station broadcasts a music format branded as Hot Country 103.5. CKHZs studios are located on Cogswell Street in Halifax, while its transmitter is located on Washmill Lake Drive in Clayton Park, based on the current format, CKHZ-FM competes with CHFX-FM. CKHZ occupies the 103.5 FM frequency that was once Halifaxs home to CKO from 1985 to 1989, in 2003, the CRTC awarded the vacant frequency license to Evanov. On November 26,2004, CKMW Radio Ltd. received CRTC approval to operate on 103.5 MHz, after several days of fine tuning it began on-air testing on June 28,2006. The official on air date of the new station was August 14,2006. When CKHZ signed on the air, it sported the moniker and handle Z103.5 The Beat of Halifax and patterned its format after sister station CIDC in Toronto, the station targets the format towards adults 24-44 with a tertiary demographic in the 18-49 range.
The top 40 station leaned heavily on dance until 2009, when CKHZ became a full-time Mainstream CHR, by 2010, like with all Evanov stations, CKHZ dropped the Dot from its branding ID, like sister station CIDC-FM in Toronto. It changed its logo to match CIDCs, except the.5 was omitted and used a modified slogan, the move to a Top 40 direction would turn off listeners, resulting in declining ratings. The station now mirrored its sister station in Winnipeg, Manitoba, CHWE, four CKHZ staff members were dismissed ahead of the stations rebranding. The stations slogan at this time was The Perfect Music Mix, Energy performed poorly in the Halifax market, with ratings significantly below close competitors CJCH-FM and CIOO. On September 3,2015, at 4 PM, CKHZ-FM switched to a country format, the last song played on Energy was Bye, Bye by NSync while the first song on Hot Country was This Is How We Roll by Florida-Georgia Line. CKHZs general manager, Trevor Romkey, explained that unlike its new competitor, CHFX-FM, official website CKHZ-FM history at Canadian Communications Foundation Query the RECs Canadian station database for CKHZ-FM http, //www. crtc. gc. ca/eng/archive/2013/2013-144. htm
Height above average terrain
Height above average terrain is a measure of how high an antenna site is above the surrounding landscape. HAAT is used extensively in FM radio and television, as it is more important than effective radiated power in determining the range of broadcasts. Stations that want to increase above a certain HAAT must reduce their power accordingly, the entire radial graph could be rotated to achieve the best effect for the station. The altitude of the site, minus the average altitude of all the specified points, was the HAAT. This can create some unusual cases, particularly in mountainous regions—it is possible to have a number for HAAT. The FCC has divided the Contiguous United States into three zones for the determination of spacing between FM and TV stations using the same frequencies, FM and TV stations are assigned maximum ERP and HAAT values, depending on their assigned zones, to prevent co-channel interference. The FCC regulations for ERP and HAAT are listed under Title 47, Maximum HAAT,150 meters Maximum ERP,50 kW Minimum co-channel separation,241 km Maximum HAAT,600 meters Maximum ERP,100 kW Minimum co-channel separation,290 km.
In addition, Zone I-A consists of all of California south of 40° north latitude, Puerto Rico, zones I and I-A have the most grandfathered overpowered stations, which are allowed the same extended coverage areas that they had before the zones were established. One of the most powerful of these stations is WBCT in Grand Rapids, Zone III consists of all of Florida and the areas of Alabama, Louisiana and Texas within approximately 241.4 kilometers of the Gulf of Mexico. Zone II is all the rest of the Continental United States and Hawaii
The hertz is the unit of frequency in the International System of Units and is defined as one cycle per second. It is named for Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, the first person to provide proof of the existence of electromagnetic waves. Hertz are commonly expressed in SI multiples kilohertz, gigahertz, kilo means thousand, mega meaning million, giga meaning billion and tera for trillion. Some of the units most common uses are in the description of waves and musical tones, particularly those used in radio-. It is used to describe the speeds at which computers, the hertz is equivalent to cycles per second, i. e. 1/second or s −1. In English, hertz is used as the plural form, as an SI unit, Hz can be prefixed, commonly used multiples are kHz, MHz, GHz and THz. One hertz simply means one cycle per second,100 Hz means one hundred cycles per second, and so on. The unit may be applied to any periodic event—for example, a clock might be said to tick at 1 Hz, the rate of aperiodic or stochastic events occur is expressed in reciprocal second or inverse second in general or, the specific case of radioactive decay, becquerels.
Whereas 1 Hz is 1 cycle per second,1 Bq is 1 aperiodic radionuclide event per second, the conversion between a frequency f measured in hertz and an angular velocity ω measured in radians per second is ω =2 π f and f = ω2 π. This SI unit is named after Heinrich Hertz, as with every International System of Units unit named for a person, the first letter of its symbol is upper case. Note that degree Celsius conforms to this rule because the d is lowercase. — Based on The International System of Units, the hertz is named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz, who made important scientific contributions to the study of electromagnetism. The name was established by the International Electrotechnical Commission in 1930, the term cycles per second was largely replaced by hertz by the 1970s. One hobby magazine, Electronics Illustrated, declared their intention to stick with the traditional kc. Mc. etc. units, sound is a traveling longitudinal wave which is an oscillation of pressure. Humans perceive frequency of waves as pitch.
Each musical note corresponds to a frequency which can be measured in hertz. An infants ear is able to perceive frequencies ranging from 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz, the range of ultrasound and other physical vibrations such as molecular and atomic vibrations extends from a few femtoHz into the terahertz range and beyond. Electromagnetic radiation is described by its frequency—the number of oscillations of the perpendicular electric and magnetic fields per second—expressed in hertz. Radio frequency radiation is measured in kilohertz, megahertz, or gigahertz
CKDU-FM is a radio station broadcasting in a campus radio format from the campus of Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Licensed to broadcast to the Halifax Regional Municipality area, it broadcasts via a 3200 watt transmitter heard primarily to the core of Halifax. CKDU, which began broadcasting as an FM station in 1985, is operated by the not-for-profit CKDU-FM Society and its mandate is to provide the Halifax area with an alternative to public and private radio broadcasting. On February 14,2006 at 7,00 p. m. AST CKDU began transmitting at 3200 watts at 88.1 FM and their former frequency was 97.5 FM after first receiving CRTC in 1984. CKDU is a member of the National Campus and Community Radio Association, CKDU evolved from the Dalhousie University radio club, Radio Tiger, which dated back at least to the 1950s. In 1975 the station was dubbed CKDU and began broadcasting via closed circuit to Dalhousie residences from the Dalhousie Student Union Building, by 1985, the only place CKDU could be heard was from a speaker in the ceiling outside a bathroom on the top floor of the SUB.
After a successful student referendum to fund the station, and approval from the CRTC, the signal was sufficient to cover the area around the university, with poorer reception throughout the rest of the city. At the time of launch the station was managed by Doug Varty, formerly of CHSR-FM in Fredericton, and Keith Tufts, to found alternative performance venues the Club Flamingo and the Pub Flamingo. The stations programming was heavily weighted to what was considered alternative popular music, with a strong emphasis on such artists as Bauhaus, Kate Bush. In addition, the station broadcast several magazine style information programs as well as morning, noon, in late-1985, Mark MacLeod was hired after working at CHMA FM in Sackville, New Brunswick to become the stations program director. Working with other staff, he diversified the stations music programming to include more jazz, multicultural. On April 9,2010, CKDU received approval to decrease its power from 3,200 watts to 2,460 watts, the programming on CKDU tends to be eclectic.
In-house policy is that anything that is heard on a commercial or public radio station should not be heard on CKDU. CKDU is one of the few radio stations based in the Maritimes where one can hear local hip-hop, live music and anarchist news shows. CKDU hosts a number of shows programmed by ethnic minorities in the Halifax area, generally programming on CKDU is either a regular program which occurs at the same time every week or one-off shows. As a station regulated by the CRTC, CKDU is bound by Canadian Content regulations, CKDU relies on its membership both for its day-to-day operations and for programming. While all members of the Dalhousie Student Union are automatically members of CKDU-FM membership is open to others who wish to pay dues and meet time, training. There are a few paid staff at the station, most of the programmers being members from the community, CKDU runs ad spots from a variety of advertisers, usually local nightspots and the like
CBHA-FM is a Canadian radio station. It is the CBC Radio One affiliate in Halifax, Nova Scotia and it is the flagship CBC Radio One station for the Maritime provinces. CBHAs studios are located on 7067 Chebucto Road in Halifax, while its transmitter is located on Washmill Lake Drive in Clayton Park, the station was launched in 1944 on AM1240 with the call sign CBH. Prior to its launch, CBC Radio programming aired on private affiliate CHNS960, CBHs initial power was only 100 watts and remained at that level for 18 years. In 1947 the station moved to the CBC Radio Building on 5600 Sackville Street, in 1948, the frequency was changed to 1330, and to 1340 in 1960. In 1963, the moved to 860 AM and boosted its power to 10,000 watts. However, CBH had to conform its signal to protect clear-channel sister station CJBC in Toronto. To solve this problem, an FM rebroadcaster, CBHA-FM, was established on FM90.5 in 1977, while it was only intended to be temporary, the CBC was unable to obtain the funding necessary to upgrade CBHs AM signal.
On October 1,1989, the AM station was shut down, the stations local programs are Information Morning and Main Street in the afternoon. Shows are produced at studios in the CBC Radio Building at the intersection of Bell Road, Sackville Street, the main transmitter in Halifax, as well as the rebroadcaster in Sheet Harbour, air an additional hour of Main Street during this time. CBC Nova Scotia CBHA history at Canadian Communications Foundation Query the RECs Canadian station database for CBHA-FM
CBAF-FM-5 is a French-language Canadian radio station located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The station has an ad-free news/talk format and is part of the Ici Radio-Canada Première network, like all Première stations, but unlike most FM stations, it broadcasts in mono. The station signed on in 1979 as a rebroadcaster of CBAF in Moncton, in 1987, it became a separate station, despite retaining rebroadcaster-like calls. The station produces a morning show and a Saturday morning fill-in show. An afternoon drive program, Lheure de pointe Acadie comes from CBAF-FM Moncton, CBAF-FM-5 was originally identified as CBAF-19-FM, the call sign change took effect on September 1,1989, as the old 1300 kHz AM signal of CBAF was shut down. The station serves as the Première outlet for the Island of Newfoundland, Ici Radio-Canada Première CBAF history - Canadian Communications Foundation Query the RECs Canadian station database for CBAF-FM-5 Query the RECs Canadian station database for CBAF-FM
CJCH-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 101.3 FM in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The station broadcasts a Top 40/CHR format branded on-air as 101.3 Virgin Radio, cJCHs studios are located at the intersection of Russell and Agricola Streets in Halifax, with its transmitter located on Washmill Lake Drive in Clayton Park. CJCH-FM is currently the only Top 40 outlet in the Halifax market, as Energy 103.5, the station was established on November 14,1944 by the Halifax Chronicle at 920 AM, and acquired in 1970 by CHUM Limited. It was co-owned with the citys CJCH-TV until 1997, when CHUM sold the station to CTV. The approval by the CRTC of the acquisition of CHUM by CTVglobemedia has again brought the stations under common ownership as of June 22,2007. For many years, CJCH was a very popular Top 40 station and is credited as the original Top 40 radio station in the area, in 1983, it began broadcasting in AM Stereo, the first in Atlantic Canada. Also, it was once a rival of another Halifax station, CHNS.
In 1986, the station shifted to an adult contemporary format due to the decline of hit music stations on AM radio. In January 1993, the station switched to a Classic Rock format as Arrow 92, in March 1994, it switched formats again and became known as All Rock and Roll Oldies 92/CJCH. In May 1995, it switched to a hybrid news/talk and oldies format, by the following year, it shifted to full-time talk programming and became known as News/Talk Radio 920/CJCH. In 2001, CHUM started a radio network known as The Team. CJCH joined this network and became The Team 920 on May 7, on August 27,2002, The Team network was shut down and CJCH flipped to an oldies format, becoming AM 920/CJCH - Yesterdays Favourites. In July 2006, CHNS, a station for many years, switched to the FM band. As a result, CJCH was now the only station in Halifax. Its oldies format was unique in that it boasted a mid-morning call in program called The Hotline with host Rick Howe, who has worked with CJCH in the past. On August 31,2007, CTVglobemedia applied to the CRTC to move CJCH from AM920 to FM101.3, the application originally indicated that CJCH would retain its oldies format.
Industry Canada required a three-week test on 101.3 FM, the first song aired was Kanye Wests Stronger. The station did not take advantage of its right to simulcast on both frequencies for three months as is customary in such cases and this put the station in direct competition with CKHZ-FM, whose musical direction favors Rhythmic and Dance product, targeted towards young adults
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time. It is referred to as frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency. The period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, for example, if a newborn babys heart beats at a frequency of 120 times a minute, its period—the time interval between beats—is half a second. Frequency is an important parameter used in science and engineering to specify the rate of oscillatory and vibratory phenomena, such as vibrations, audio signals, radio waves. For cyclical processes, such as rotation, oscillations, or waves, in physics and engineering disciplines, such as optics and radio, frequency is usually denoted by a Latin letter f or by the Greek letter ν or ν. For a simple motion, the relation between the frequency and the period T is given by f =1 T. The SI unit of frequency is the hertz, named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz, a previous name for this unit was cycles per second. The SI unit for period is the second, a traditional unit of measure used with rotating mechanical devices is revolutions per minute, abbreviated r/min or rpm.
As a matter of convenience and slower waves, such as ocean surface waves and fast waves, like audio and radio, are usually described by their frequency instead of period. Spatial frequency is analogous to temporal frequency, but the axis is replaced by one or more spatial displacement axes. Y = sin = sin d θ d x = k Wavenumber, in the case of more than one spatial dimension, wavenumber is a vector quantity. For periodic waves in nondispersive media, frequency has a relationship to the wavelength. Even in dispersive media, the frequency f of a wave is equal to the phase velocity v of the wave divided by the wavelength λ of the wave. In the special case of electromagnetic waves moving through a vacuum, v = c, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, and this expression becomes, f = c λ. When waves from a monochrome source travel from one medium to another, their remains the same—only their wavelength. For example, if 71 events occur within 15 seconds the frequency is, the latter method introduces a random error into the count of between zero and one count, so on average half a count.
This is called gating error and causes an error in the calculated frequency of Δf = 1/, or a fractional error of Δf / f = 1/ where Tm is the timing interval. This error decreases with frequency, so it is a problem at low frequencies where the number of counts N is small, an older method of measuring the frequency of rotating or vibrating objects is to use a stroboscope
Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day