America is a British-American rock band formed in London in 1970 by Dewey Bunnell, Dan Peek, Gerry Beckley. The trio met as sons of US Air Force personnel stationed in London, where they began performing live. Achieving significant popularity in the 1970s, the trio was famous for their close vocal harmonies and light acoustic folk rock sound; the band released a string of hit albums and singles, many of which found airplay on pop/soft rock stations. The band came together shortly after the members' graduation from high school, a record deal with Warner Bros. Records followed, their debut 1971 album, included the transatlantic hits "A Horse with No Name" and "I Need You". 1974's Holiday featured the hits "Tin Man" and "Lonely People". History: America's Greatest Hits, a compilation of hit singles, was released the same year and was certified multi-platinum in the United States and Australia. Peek left the group in 1977, their commercial fortunes declined, despite a brief return to the top in 1982 with the single "You Can Do Magic".
The group continues to record tour with regularity. Their 2007 album Here & Now was a collaboration with a new generation of musicians who credited the band as an influence. America won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist and were nominated for Best Pop Vocal Group at the 15th Annual Grammy Awards in 1973; the group was inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2006 and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2012. While their fathers were stationed at the United States Air Force base at RAF South Ruislip near London in the mid-1960s, Beckley and Peek attended London Central High School at Bushey Hall where they met while playing in two different bands. Peek left for the United States for a failed attempt at college during 1969. Soon after his return to the UK the following year, the three began making music together. Starting out with borrowed acoustic guitars, they developed a style which incorporated three-part vocal harmony with the style of contemporary folk-rock acts such as Crosby, Stills & Nash.
The trio dubbed themselves America, chosen because they did not want anyone to think they were British musicians trying to sound American. They played their first gigs in the London area, including some highlights at the Roundhouse in London's Chalk Farm district. Through Ian Samwell and Jeff Dexter's efforts they were contracted to Kinney Records in March 1971 by Ian Ralfini and assigned to the UK Warner Brothers label, their first album America was recorded at Trident Studios in London and produced by Ian Samwell, best known for writing Cliff Richard's 1958 breakthrough hit "Move It". Jeff Dexter, Ian's roommate, became the trio's manager. Dexter gave them their first major gig, 20 December 1970, at "Implosion" at the Roundhouse, Chalk Farm, as the opening act for The Who, Elton John and The Chalk Farm Salvation Army Band & Choir for a Christmas charity event. Although the trio planned to record the album in a similar manner to The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, Samwell convinced them to perfect their acoustic style instead.
The debut album America was released in 1971 to only moderate success, although it sold well in the Netherlands, where Dexter had taken them as a training ground to practice their craft. Samwell and Dexter subsequently brought the trio to Morgan Studios to record several additional songs. One of them was a Bunnell composition called "Desert Song", which Dexter demoed during studio rehearsals in Puddletown, Dorset at the home of Arthur Brown; the song had its public debut at The Harrogate Festival, four days to great audience response. After several performances and a TV show, it was re-titled "A Horse with No Name"; the song became a major worldwide hit in early 1972. It sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the R. I. A. A. in March 1972. America's debut album was re-released with the hit song added and went platinum; the album resulted in a second major chart success with Beckley's "I Need You", which peaked at No. 9 on the US charts. After their initial success, the trio decided to dismiss Samwell and Dexter and relocate to Los Angeles, California.
The recording of a second album was delayed by the relocation as well as an injury to Peek's arm. Deciding not to replace Samwell, the group opted to produce the album by themselves; the trio began their move away from a acoustic style to a more rock-music-oriented style with the help of Hal Blaine on drums and Joe Osborn on bass. Peek began to play lead electric guitar on more tracks and the group expanded from an acoustic trio to embrace a fuller live sound, adding Dave Dickey on bass and Dave Atwood on drums. By the beginning of 1973, Atwood had been replaced by Dickey's friend, Willie Leacox, like Dickey, was of the group Captain. America's second album, was released in November 1972. Awarded a gold disc in December 1972, the million sales figure was confirmed by the R. I. A. A. in 1975. The group reached the top 10 again with Bunnell's "Ventura Highway". Other singles, including Peek's "Don't Cross the River" and Beckley's "Only in Your Heart", were only modestly successful, but the group still won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist of 1972.
The group's output grew ambitious. Their third offering, Hat Trick, was released in October 1973 following several months of recording at the Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles. Aga
Canadian National Exhibition
The Canadian National Exhibition known as The Exhibition or The Ex, is an annual event that takes place at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada, during the 18 days leading up to and including Canadian Labour Day, the first Monday in September. With 1.5 million visitors each year, the CNE is Canada's largest annual fair and the fifth largest in North America. The first Canadian National Exhibition took place in 1879 to promote agriculture and technology in Canada. Agriculturists and scientists exhibited their discoveries and inventions at the CNE to showcase the work and talent of the nation; as Canada has grown as a nation, the CNE has changed over time, reflecting the growth in diversity and innovation, though agriculture and technology remain a large part of the CNE today. To many people in the Greater Toronto Area and the surrounding communities, the CNE is an annual family tradition; the CNE is held at Exhibition Place, a 192 acres site located along Toronto's waterfront on the shores of Lake Ontario and just west of downtown Toronto.
The site features several buildings and structures, many of which have been named as significant under the Ontario Heritage Act. There are several outdoor live music venues on-site including the permanent CNE Bandshell. All of the roads are named after the Canadian territories; the site includes a football stadium, fountains, plazas, a rose garden and parking lots. The site was reserve lands for British and Canadian military and was the site of an 18th-century French fort; the area was cleared of forest in the early 19th century for use by the Toronto Garrison of Fort York. The Exhibition received permission to use part of the site in the 1870s and expanded to use the whole site by the 1920s. In the 1950s, the site was expanded south of Lake Shore Boulevard by landfill, reduced in size on its northern boundary by the construction of the Gardiner Expressway; the 18-day fair itself consists of a mix of shopping areas, live entertainment, agricultural displays, sports events, a large carnival midway with rides and food.
The Canadian International Air Show on Labour Day weekend has been a feature of the fair since 1949. Several buildings house exhibits and displays from vendors, government agencies and various industry associations; these include the International Pavilion of products from around the world, the Arts and Hobbies Building of crafts and unusual items. The Evercare Centre complex holds the international pavilion, a garden show, the SuperDogs performances and a sand-sculpting competition, it has exhibit space used for agricultural or industrial displays and a live stage. The Food Building houses a large number of vendors of food from many cultures, reflecting Toronto's multicultural population; the Better Living Centre building is used for a casino on one side, a farming display on the other. The CNE continues its tradition of agricultural produce competition and the winners are displayed in the Better Living Centre, along with a butter sculpting competition. Other exhibit areas are used differently in different years.
There are a large number of vendors outside along the streets of the fair offering discount and unusual products. Some exhibits are only held for a few days such as the cat show; the 1792 "Scadding Cabin" log cabin display dates back to the first year of the fair and is the only time the cabin is open for display. The carnival midway has a large children's area in the northwest corner of the park, with smaller rides suitable for children under 12; the main area is situated west of the EnerCare Centre and has several dozen rides, including thrill rides, roller coasters, swing rides and a log plume ride. Along several pathways of the midway area are games of "skill", games of chance and many carnival food vendors; the CNE operates a "sky ride", with chairs similar to ski-lift chairs, to carry riders from one end of the midway to the other. The Coliseum building is used for live shows; these have included high-wire acts, the RCMP Musical Ride in the past. Outdoors, the Bandshell is used for nightly headliners.
Additionally, areas are set up at various points around the fair for outdoor entertainment. These include such things as beer gardens, musical acts, acrobatic acts, parkour displays, circus acts, children's shows and educational displays. There are two major parades at the CNE, the Warrior's Day Parade of veterans and the Labour Day Parade of workers; every evening a "Mardi Gras" parade is held. The CNE is home to BMO Field, a large multi-purpose facility located in the centre of the fair grounds; the stadium is used by two professional sports teams based in Toronto, the Toronto Argonauts Canadian football team and the Toronto FC soccer team. In Coronation Park, located across Lake Shore Boulevard, opposite the Princes' Gates, the CNE holds a youth peewee baseball tournament and a women's fastball tournament; the 2013 and 2014 CNEs featured a zip line ride. Operated by Ziptrek Ecotours, the CNE zip line was the highest and longest temporary zip line in the world; the launch tower, positioned southeast of the Food Building, measured 180 ft high.
The landing tower, southwest of the Direct Energy Centre, was 60 ft. The zip line ride consisted of four lines, each measuring nearly 1,100 ft. Zip line riders travelled at 65 km/hour. Food is considered by many visitors to be a key part of the CNE experience. Many options are available across the 192-acre site during the 18 days of the fair. A major destination for CNE visitors, the Food Building offers a wide variety of food options ranging from classic fair favourites, such as Beaver Tail
Big Sugar is a Canadian blues, reggae rock band helmed by founder and frontman Gordie Johnson. Their first album was released in 1991 and they continue to release new material; the band is continually evolving with bandleader Gordie Johnson's signature songwriting and sound as the glue binding many various musicians joining him on stage. Formed by Gordie Johnson in 1988 in Toronto, Big Sugar consisted of vocalist and guitarist Gordie Johnson, bassist Terry Wilkins, drummer Al Cross, though the three musicians had played together for several years as a supporting band for Molly Johnson's jazz performances and as an informal jam band with members of the Bourbon Tabernacle Choir. After Molly Johnson returned to rock music with Infidels, she helped her former bandmates to secure a record deal; the first of many band changes came in 1993 with the departure of Wilkins. Big Sugar recorded the album Five Hundred Pounds with the help of guest musicians, including harmonica and tenor saxophonist Kelly Hoppe known as Mr. Chill.
Hoppe brought b influence into the band's sound. Hoppe would become a regular member of the band in September 1994. Longtime friends from the same home town, he had given Johnson his first gig as a guitarist after Johnson was a professional bass player for many years. Hoppe would add keyboards and melodica to his Big Sugar sideman responsibilities. In July 1994, bassist Garry Lowe joined the band. Lowe had moved to Canada in the mid-1970s from Jamaica. Soon after arriving in Toronto, he became a bass player for touring reggae recording artists, he accompanied them at Toronto's Bamboo club on Queen St. W. and other venues. Lowe was a founding member of a popular Toronto reggae band. Johnson had long admired Lowe and was delighted when they started touring together full-time, adding the bass sound that Johnson had been looking for in the string of bass players he had hired before asking Lowe; as quoted in The Globe & Mail, Johnson explained, "His bass sound became how I envisioned Big Sugar's sound- a blend of blues and rock anchored by his reggae groove.".
In years Johnson spoke of their unique musical language, "...so much of our connection was unspoken. We didn't work things through musically. If I played a little something, he would play a little something back, it was a symbiotic relationship.". Five Hundred Pounds sold 10,000 copies in Canada on the strength of their live shows with little publicity or radio airplay. During this time, Gordie Johnson recorded an album as Don't Talk Dance, with Tyler Stewart of Barenaked Ladies and Chris Brown of the Bourbon Tabernacle Choir. In 1995, the Gordie Johnson's Big Sugar released two EPs. F. and Ride Like Hell. Following the release of these EPs, drummer Stitch Wynston who had taken over from Al Cross was replaced by Walter "Crash" Morgan. During the band's tour that year, Morgan suffered a heart attack and died on stage during a show in Iowa. Longtime friend Tyler Stewart flew in to help finish the tour followed by Tony Rabalao. Garry's musical partner and friend Raffa was enlisted for recording and other live performances, becoming Johnson's all-time favorite studio drummer, appearing on many Big Sugar albums through the years.
Former Odds member Paul Brennan subsequently joined as the band's new drummer, appearing on one of their most commercially successful albums, 1996's Hemi-Vision. In May 1997, Brennan left the band and the drummer chair continued to rotate with drummers including Gavin Brown. A French version of Hemi-Vision's single "Opem Up Baby" was recorded, titled "Ouvres-Toi Bébé", for radio stations in Quebec; the song gained widespread airplay in the province, for their next album, 1998's Platinum-selling Heated, the band recorded a French version of each single they released. That year and Hoppe began to perform several acoustic shows as a duo, affectionately nicknamed "Big Sugar Acoustic - Two Fools on Stools" that included equal amounts of entertaining repartee and music. Cross returned as drummer in 1999; the band added a new rhythm guitarist, Mojah. In February that year they opened for the Rolling Stones at the Air Canada Centre, in July the band performed at Woodstock 1999. In 2000, the band released Extra Long Life, under the stage name Alkaline.
The same year Alkaline toured as an eight piece band, complete with horn section. Johnson has continued to include dub mixes of Big Sugar songs periodically, another full dub album may be released. In 2001, Big Sugar released Brothers and Sisters, Are You Ready? A complete track-for-track French version and Sisters, Êtes Vous Ready?, was released the same year. The English album concluded with a blistering rendition of "O Canada" that became a signature version, included on the 2017 Universal Music box set Canada 150: A Celebration of Music released as part of the 150th anniversary of Canada; the two-CD compilation Hit & Run, featuring a greatest hits disc that included a special edition, limited run live concert performance disc, was released in 2003. Big Sugar played their last thundering rock concert on December 31, 2003, at the Shaw Conference Centre in Edmonton, Alberta, followed by a period of musical exploration and family relocation for Johnson. While he continued to perform Big Sugar material he creatively stretched with additional projects.
Gordie Johnson formed the Austin, Texas-based trio Grady, which comprised "Whipper" Chris Layton on drums and Big Ben Richardson on bass. Described as'cowboy metal'
Neil Sedaka is an American pop singer, pianist and record producer. Since his music career began in 1957 as a short-lived founding member of the Tokens, he has sold millions of records as an artist and has written or co-written over 500 songs for himself and others, collaborating with lyricists Howard Greenfield and Phil Cody. Sedaka was born in New York, his father, Mac Sedaka, was a Sephardi Jew of Turkish origin. Sedaka's mother, was an Ashkenazi Jew of Polish and Russian origin. Sedaka's grandparents came to the United States from Istanbul known as Constantinople, in 1910, he grew up on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean. Sedaka is a cousin of the late singer Eydie Gormé, he demonstrated musical aptitude in his second-grade choral class, when his teacher sent a note home suggesting he take piano lessons, his mother took a part-time job in an Abraham & Straus department store for six months to pay for a second-hand upright. In 1947, he auditioned for a piano scholarship to the Juilliard School of Music's Preparatory Division for Children, which he attended on Saturdays.
His mother wanted him to become a classical pianist like his contemporary Van Cliburn, but Sedaka was discovering pop music. When Sedaka was 13, a neighbor heard him playing and introduced him to her 16-year-old son, Howard Greenfield, an aspiring poet and lyricist, they became two of the Brill Building's composers. Sedaka and Greenfield wrote songs together throughout much of their young lives; when Sedaka became a major teen pop star, the pair continued writing hits for Sedaka and numerous other artists. When the Beatles and the British Invasion took American music in a different direction, Sedaka was left without a recording career. In the early 1970s, he decided a major change in his life was necessary and moved his family to Britain. Sedaka and Greenfield mutually agreed to end their partnership with "Our Last Song Together". Sedaka began a new composing partnership from Pleasantville, New York. After graduating from Abraham Lincoln High School and some of his classmates formed a band called the Linc-Tones.
The band had minor regional hits with songs like "While I Dream", "I Love My Baby", "Come Back, Joe", "Don't Go", before Sedaka launched his solo career and left the group in 1957. The Linc-Tones renamed the Tokens after Sedaka's departure, would go on to have four top-40 hits of their own without Sedaka. Sedaka's first three solo singles, "Laura Lee", "Ring-a-Rockin'", "Oh, Delilah!" failed to become hits, but they demonstrated his ability to perform as a solo singer, so RCA Victor signed him to a recording contract. His first single for RCA Victor, "The Diary", was inspired by Connie Francis, one of Sedaka and Greenfield's most important clients, while the three were taking a temporary break during their idea-making for a new song. Francis was writing in her diary, Sedaka asked if he could read it, Connie said no. After Little Anthony and the Imperials passed on the song, Sedaka recorded it himself, his debut single hit the Top 15 on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at No. 14 in 1958. His second single, a novelty tune titled "I Go Ape", just missed the Top 40, peaking at No. 42 but it became a more successful single in the United Kingdom with a No. 9.
The third single, "Crying My Heart Out for You", was a commercial failure, missing the Hot 100 peaking at No. 111 but it reached No. 6 on the pop charts in Italy. RCA Victor had lost money on "I Go Ape" and "Crying My Heart Out For You" and was ready to drop Sedaka from their label, but Sedaka's manager, Al Nevins, persuaded the RCA executives to give him one more chance. Sedaka bought the three biggest hit singles of the time and listened to them studying the song structure, chord progressions and harmonies before writing his next songs. "Oh! Carol" delivered Sedaka his first domestic Top 10 hit, reaching No. 9 on the Hot 100 in 1959 and going to No. 1 on the Italian pop charts in 1960, giving Sedaka his first No. 1 ranking. In the UK, the song spent a total of 17 weeks in the top 40, peaking at No. 3. In addition, the B-side, "One Way Ticket", reached No. 1 on the pop charts in Japan. Sedaka had dated Carole King when he was still at high school, which gave him the idea to use her name in the song.
Gerry Goffin – King's husband – took the tune, wrote the playful response "Oh! Neil", which King recorded and released as an unsuccessful single the same year. Thus, this was the only time the melody of the song was used by a popular artist and a future sensation around the same time. After establishing himself in 1958, Sedaka kept churning out new hits from 1960 to 1962, his flow of Top 30 hits during this period included: "Stairway to Heaven". Singles not making the Top 30 during this period included "Sweet Little You" and "King of Clowns". RCA Victor issued four LPs of his works in the United States and Great Britain during this period, produced Scopitone and Cinebox videos of "Calendar Girl" in 1961, "Breaking Up Is Hard To Do" in 1962, "The Dreamer" in 1963, he made regular appearances on such TV programs as American Bandstand and Shindig! during this
Glen Travis Campbell was an American singer, songwriter, television host, actor. He was best known for a series of hit songs in the 1960s and 1970s, for hosting a music and comedy variety show called The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour on CBS television, from January 1969 until June 1972, he released over 70 albums in a career that spanned five decades, selling over 45 million records worldwide, including twelve gold albums, four platinum albums, one double-platinum album. Born in Billstown, Campbell began his professional career as a studio musician in Los Angeles, spending several years playing with the group of instrumentalists known as "The Wrecking Crew". After becoming a solo artist, he placed a total of 80 different songs on either the Billboard Country Chart, Billboard Hot 100, or Adult Contemporary Chart, of which 29 made the top 10 and of which nine reached number one on at least one of those charts. Among Campbell's hits are "Universal Soldier", his first hit from 1965, along with "Gentle on My Mind", "By the Time I Get to Phoenix", "Wichita Lineman", "Dreams of the Everyday Housewife", "Galveston", "Rhinestone Cowboy" and "Southern Nights".
In 1967, Campbell won four Grammys in the pop categories. For "Gentle on My Mind", he received two awards in country and western. Three of his early hits won Grammy Hall of Fame Awards, while Campbell himself won the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012, he owned trophies for Male Vocalist of the Year from both the Country Music Association and the Academy of Country Music, took the CMA's top award as 1968 Entertainer of the Year. Campbell played a supporting role in the film True Grit, which earned him a Golden Globe nomination for Most Promising Newcomer, he sang the title song, nominated for an Academy Award. Glen Travis Campbell was born on April 22, 1936, in Billstown, a tiny community near Delight in Pike County, Arkansas, to John Wesley and Carrie Dell Campbell. Campbell was the seventh son of 12 children; the family lived on a farm where they got by growing cotton, corn and potatoes. "We had no electricity," he said, money was scarce. "A dollar in those days looked as big as a saddle blanket."
To supplement income the family picked cotton for more successful farmers. "I picked cotton for $1.25 a hundred pounds," said Campbell. "If you worked your tail off, you could pick 80 or 90 pounds a day."Campbell started playing guitar at age four after his uncle Boo gave him a Sears-bought five-dollar guitar as a gift, with his uncle teaching him the basics of how to play. Most of his family was musical, he said. "Back home, everybody plays and sings." By the time he was six. Campbell continued playing guitar in his youth, with no formal training, practiced when he was not working in the cotton fields, he developed his talent by listening to radio and records, considered Django Reinhardt among his most admired guitarists calling him "the most awesome player I heard." He dropped out of school at 14 to work in Houston alongside his brothers, installing insulation and working at a gas station. Not satisfied with that kind of unskilled work, Campbell started playing music at fairs and church picnics and singing gospel hymns in the church choir.
He was able to find spots performing on local radio stations and after his parents moved to Houston, he made some appearances at a local nightclub. In 1954, at age 17, Campbell moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico, to join his uncle's band, known as Dick Bills and the Sandia Mountain Boys, he appeared there on his uncle's radio show and on K Circle B Time, the local children's program on KOB television. It was there that he met his first wife, whom he married when he was 17 and she was 16. In 1958, Campbell formed the Western Wranglers. "We worked hard," he said. "Six, sometimes seven nights a week. I didn't have my eye set on any specific goals or big dreams." In 1960, Campbell moved to Los Angeles to become a session musician. That October, he joined the Champs. By January 1961, Campbell had found a daytime job at publishing company American Music, writing songs and recording demos; because of these demos Campbell soon was in demand as a session musician and became part of a group of studio musicians known as the Wrecking Crew.
Campbell played on recordings by the Beach Boys, Claude King, Bobby Darin, Ricky Nelson, Dean Martin, Nat King Cole, the Monkees, Nancy Sinatra, Merle Haggard and Dean, Frank Sinatra, Ronnie Dove, Phil Spector and Elvis Presley. He befriended Presley when he helped record the soundtrack for Viva Las Vegas in 1964, he said, "Elvis and I were brought up the same humble way – picking cotton and looking at the north end of a south-bound mule."In May 1961, he left the Champs and was subsequently signed by Crest Records, a subsidiary of American Music. His first solo release, "Turn Around, Look at Me", a moderate success, peaked at number 62 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1961. Campbell formed the Gee Cees with former bandmembers from the Champs, performing at the Crossbow Inn in Van Nuys; the Gee Cees, released a single on Crest, the instrumental "Buzz Saw", which did not chart. In 1962, Campbell signed with Capitol Records. After minor initial success with "Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry", his first single for the label, "Kentucky Means Paradise", released by the Green River Boys featuring Glen Campbell, a string of unsuccessful singles and albums followed.
By 1963 his playing and singing were heard on 586 recorded songs. He never learned to read music
United States Air Force Band
The United States Air Force Band is a U. S. military band consisting of 177 active-duty members of the United States Air Force. It is the Air Force's premier musical organization and is based at Bolling Air Force Base, Washington, D. C.. Within the band there are six performing ensembles: The Concert Band, Singing Sergeants, Airmen of Note, Air Force Strings, Ceremonial Brass, Max Impact. Collectively, these musical groups perform a wide spectrum of styles, including classical, popular and ceremonial music; the mission of the Band is to deliver musical products that inspire emotions, create positive impressions and communicate information according to Air Force objectives for the defense of the United States of America. The Band is part of the United States Air Force Bands Program, which consists of 10 active-duty stateside bands 4 overseas active-duty band locations and 11 Air National Guard bands; the United States Air Force Band is the youngest of the military bands based in Washington, D. C.
Its military life began on 24 September 1941, with the formation of the Bolling Army Air Forces Band under the sponsorship of Lieutenant L. P. Holcomb, commanding officer of the Air Base Group at Bolling Field. Alf Heiberg served as the Band's first commander and led the group from 1941 to 1944; the first ensemble consisted only of four players, but by the end of 1942 expanded to a total of 100 musicians. The group began performing at fairs and athletic events. To identify band members in uniform, Heiberg designed a cap emblem using the pilots' wings with a superimposed musical lyre; this symbol has remained the emblem of The United States Air Force Band throughout its history. In 1944, George S. Howard was named a position he held for 20 years. Late in 1944, he took the Band on its first international tour; this was the first tour for The Army Air Forces Band that included sites outside continental North America. Following World War II, all but five of the band members left for civilian life. However, because of the program's success during the war, Howard was asked to remain in command of the Band and was charged with reorganizing it to serve in peacetime functions.
He embarked on a recruiting program to return the group to its original size, the total manpower strength was increased to 115. The Symphony Orchestra was instituted during this reorganization and was the first group of its kind in any military band organization; the Symphony Orchestra supplied players not only for the Strolling Strings but for the Concert Band, under Howard's direction, included cellists. The Band became The United States Air Force Band in 1947 when the Army Air Forces were designated as the United States Air Force. All units of the organization assumed the official "Air Force" title. In January 1951, Howard organized the 543rd Air Force Band made up of 19 female airmen from the Women in the Air Force program, he expanded this group to some 50 members and in June 1955, in Air Force Regulation 190-21, they were designated "United States WAF Band", acknowledging their de facto status as USAF representatives rather than their original status as a simple base band. Their official mission became to "assist, within their capabilities, in promoting Air Force objectives and enhancing the prestige of the Air Force and the United States."
This meant there were now two bands serving as ambassadors of the USAF: the all-male Air Force Band and the all-female WAF Band. The WAF Band was dissolved in 1961 following its commander's contravention of a directive from Howard restricting performances at civilian schools and county fairs. Over the years, The United States Air Force Band has performed live for over 100 million people and has been broadcast via television and radio to audiences around the globe, it has embarked on 25 international concert tours, with performances in more than 50 countries and 42 world capitals. The musicians in The United States Air Force Band seek to promote better understanding between all people of the world, living up to its motto, "America's International Musical Ambassadors"; the United States Air Force Band performance schedule is coordinated by the 11th Operations Group at Bolling Air Force Base, which works with the Commander of the Air Force Band and the Air Force Band Operations Office to schedule performances and ceremonies by the Band's performing ensembles.
Members of the Air Force Band's professionality support staff, including the Library, Technical Support, as well as the Administration and Outreach, Supply offices work to coordinate and facilitate performances throughout the year. The United States Air Force Band took part in both the 2012 and 2017 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parades, each parade appearance honoring a major anniversary since the foundation of the Air Force. Performances by The United States Air Force Band include: Public concerts in the Washington, D. C. area and across the nation during their annual Fall and Spring Concert Tours Washington, D. C. area military and patriotic ceremonies Full and Standard Honors Funerals at Arlington National Cemetery Summer concerts at the Air Force Memorial Airmen of Note Jazz Heritage Series concerts in the Fall Annual Holiday concert and Guest Artist Series concerts at D. A. R. Constitution HallA schedule of concerts is available on the Air Force Band website.'The United States Air Force Concert Band' is the largest ensemble of the Air Force Band.
This symphonic wind ensemble presents over 100 concerts annually and performs a wide variety of repertoire from light classics, popular favorites and instrumental features, to cl
Coca-Cola Coliseum is an arena at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada, used for agricultural displays, ice hockey and trade shows. It was built for the Canadian National Exhibition and the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair in 1921. Known as the Coliseum, it was known as the CNE Coliseum and Ricoh Coliseum, since 1997 it has been part of the "National Trade Centre" exhibition complex, it serves as the home arena of the Toronto Marlies ice hockey team, the American Hockey League farm team of the Toronto Maple Leafs. For the 2015 Pan American Games the venue hosted the gymnastics competitions and was known as the Toronto Coliseum. On January 1, 1920, Toronto voters approved by plebiscite a proposal by the Royal Agricultural Fair Association to construct, at a maximum cost of CA$1 million, a new arena for livestock; the City of Toronto made a call for tenders in the fall of 1920 but the lowest tender was CA$1.9 million, exceeding the mandate approved by plebiscite. The size of the planned building was reduced by half in an attempt to get the cost under CA$1 million and a new call for tenders was done.
The lowest tender received was from Anglin-Norcross Ltd. of Montreal for CA$892,000 to build the building to City Architect F. W. Price's specifications. There was reticence to hire a Montreal firm, the city held off on awarding the contract while Price sought out construction offers from local firms to do the work using day labour, although the legality of this was questioned. Another issue raised was that the revised arena design needed to be expanded to meet the fair's needs. Anglin-Norcross offered to do the work at a further CA$31,000, it took two City Council votes, but Council approved the awarding of the contract to Anglin-Norcross on May 26, 1921. Demolition of existing buildings on the site commenced a few days and arena work commenced in June 1921; the cornerstone was laid by Toronto Mayor Thomas Church on July 27, 1921 and Robert Fleming, President of the Canadian National Exhibition declared that the building would be the largest of its kind in the world, with a floor space of 8.5 acres.
The Fair Association had hoped for the arena to be open by the fall of 1921 to inaugurate the new fair, but it was not ready. The CA$1 million building had its official public opening on December 16, 1921, attended by 5,000 persons to see an athletic meet put on by the "Sportsmen Patriotic Association." Upon completion, the building was billed as the largest of its kind in North America. The name "Coliseum" was given to the building in 1922, in time for the opening of the CNE; the main entrance was along Manitoba Drive. The southern side of the building was along the main TTC streetcar rail lines serving the CNE, which separated the Coliseum and Industry Buildings to the north, the Engineering and Electrical Building to the south. In 1926, additions were built and the complex was claimed to be the largest structure of its kind under one roof in the world. In 1931, the Horse Palace was built next door to provide a permanent building for the stables of the Winter Fair. From 1942 to 1945, the building was used as a training base for the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II and known as the'Manning Depot'.
A photo of it as the RCAF Manning Depot is in the New Westminster Museum and Archives # IHP9562-003. After the war, it hosted equestrian events for the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, the CNE and other events; the arena was used as a horse barn. In time for the 1963 CNE, the southern facade was reconstructed; as part of the renovation, the southern facade was recladded with black and white siding and a new front plaza was built, with a large "COLISEUM" sign on top. The CNE spent CA$3 million from 1960 until 1963 on "face-lifting" the Coliseum. In 1997, the National Trade Centre exhibition complex was built; the new project removed the 1963 entrance and cladding, restoring the original facade, although the cupola towers on the southern facade had been removed in the 1963 renovation. Access to the Coliseum was moved to the western entrance of the exhibition complex through a hall known as Heritage Court. In November 2002, the City of Toronto agreed to an extensive renovation of the Coliseum to attract a professional ice hockey team to the arena.
At a cost of CA$38 million, the arena's capacity was expanded from 6,500 to 9,700 by building a new higher roof, lowering the floor, adding new seats in the expanded area and the installation of 38 private suites. Borealis Infrastructure contributed CA$9 million up front and CA$20 million of borrowed funds in return for a 49-year lease to the arena; the City of Toronto invested CA$9 million in the project and guaranteed Borealis' loans, while remaining the owner of the building. In 2003, Japanese office supply company Ricoh purchased the naming rights to the new facility for CA$10 million over ten years, with an optional five-year extension. During the summer of 2015, a new scoreboard was installed at the Air Canada Centre, the old scoreboard was installed at the Coliseum. In 2018, MLSE announced that the Toronto Argonauts football operations offices and weight rooms would be relocated to the Coliseum in late June of that year. On July 11, 2018, at the end of Ricoh's partnership with the building, Coca-Cola purchased the naming rights to the facility for ten years, re-naming it the "Coca-Cola Coliseum".
Since November 1922, the Coliseum has been used by the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair held in November annually except during the years of World War II. The Fair uses the arena for the annual "Royal Horse Show" equestrian competition, as well as animal presentations; each year in August, the Coliseum is used by the CN