SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

CROCUS

CROCUS is a research reactor at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, a research institute and university in Lausanne, Switzerland. The uranium nuclear reactor core is in an aluminum container that measures 130 centimetres across with 1.2-centimetre -thick walls. The aluminum vessel is filled with demineralized light water to serve as both a neutron moderator and a neutron reflector. Power output is controlled either by adjusting the water level in the reactor—with a ±0.1-millimetre level of control, or with the adjustment of two boron carbide control rods—with a ±1-millimetre level of finesse. The reactor has six separate safety systems: two cadmium shields and four storage tanks, any of which can shut down the reaction in less than a second. CROCUS has a license to produce 100 watts or a neutron flux of ~2.5 × 109 cm-2s-1 at the core's center. Media related to CROCUS at Wikimedia Commons

War pig

War pigs are pigs reported to have been used in ancient warfare as military animals as a countermeasure against war elephants. In the first century BC, Lucretius noted that humans may have attempted to launch wild beasts, such as lions or "savage boars", against the enemy, but with catastrophic results. In 272 BC, it was recorded that the Romans used wild boars in their fight against the war elephants of the Tarantines. According to legend recounted in the "Alexander Romance" by Pseudo-Callisthenes, Alexander the Great learned about this "secret weapon" against war elephants from Porus in India. Pliny the Elder reported that "elephants are scared by the smallest squeal of the hog". Aelian confirmed that elephants were frightened by squealing pigs, reported that the Romans exploited squealing pigs to repel the war elephants of Pyrrhus in 275 BC. Procopius, in History of the Wars, records that the defenders of Edessa suspended a squealing pig from the walls to frighten away Khosrau's single siege elephant in the sixth century AD.

Historical accounts of incendiary pigs or flaming pigs were recorded by the military writer Polyaenus and by Aelian. Both writers reported that Antigonus II Gonatas' siege of Megara in 266 BC was broken when the Megarians doused some pigs with combustible pitch, crude oil or resin, set them alight, drove them towards the enemy's massed war elephants; the elephants bolted in terror from the flaming, squealing pigs killing great numbers of their own soldiers by trampling them to death. According to an account, Gonatas made his mahouts keep a swine among elephants to accustom the animals to pigs and this practice was immortalized by a Roman bronze coin dating back to his time, which showed an elephant on one side and a pig on the other; as late as the 16th century, the supposed terror of the elephant for the squealing pig was reported by Reginald Scott. Kistler, J.. War Elephants. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Mayor, A.. Greek Fire, Poison Arrows, Scorpion Bombs: Biological and Chemical Warfare in the Ancient World.

NY: Overlook/Duckworth

Ion Itu

Ion Itu was a Romanian literary critic and essayist. Born in Sălașu de Sus, Hunedoara County, his parents were Ioan, a health inspector, his wife Susana, he attended primary school in his native village from 1942 to 1946, followed by gymnasium in nearby Pui and high school in Petroșani. He enrolled in the philology and history faculty of Babeș-Bolyai University, attending from 1959 to 1963, he worked as a substitute teacher in Pui. In the interim, he performed his military service by laboring at Jilava and at the Hunedoara constructions unit. Itu held the following positions: head of the cultural center in Rășinari, methodologist at the Sibiu cultural center and editor at the cable radio center in the same city, editor of Tribuna Sibiului and at Brașov's Astra magazine. During the Romanian Revolution, he became head of the Brașov County Council's committee on culture, serving until May 1990. At that point, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, he represented the ruling National Salvation Front, was secretary of the culture committee and served until the 1992 election.

In 1991, he became founding director of Editura Orientul Latin publishing house. Publications that ran Itu's work include Astra, Steaua, Contemporanul, România Literară and Săptămâna, he contributed to a number of collaborative works, including Omagiu 100. Brâncuși, Nicolae Titulescu. 1941-1991, Dicționar de critică literară, Eminescu. Mă topesc în flăcări, Dicționar de poezie Brâncuși -- artist filosof, his first published work appeared in Tribuna in 1963. His first book was a monograph about the 1976 Destinul unei artiste; this was followed by Pictori sibieni, Critică și strategie, Poemele sacre, Primii noștri poeți, Orfismul eminescian, Drumul Parnasului, Principii de estetică și filosofia culturii, Cronici de tranziție, Rădăcinile doctrinei literare în Ardeal and Sfântul de la Târgu Jiu. In 2002, he was awarded the prize of the Brașov chapter of the Romanian Writers' Union, he married a teacher.