CTV Two Alberta

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CTV Two Alberta
CTV Two Alberta logo
Launched June 30, 1973
Network CTV Two
Former affiliations: Independent (1973–2011) (see below)
Owned by Bell Media
(Learning and Skills Television of Alberta Limited)[1]
Picture format 480i (SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Country Canada
Broadcast area Alberta
Headquarters Calgary, Alberta
Formerly called Access (1979–2011)
Sister channel(s) CFRN-DT, CFCN-DT
Website CTV Two Alberta
Availability
Satellite
Bell TV Channel 267
Shaw Direct Channel 351/23
Cable
Shaw Exo TV Channel 13/212 (SD/HD - Calgary)
Channel 9/212 (SD/HD - Edmonton)
Available on most Albertan cable systems Check local listings, channels may vary
IPTV
Telus Optik TV Channel 13 (Calgary)
Channel 9 (Edmonton)
CJAL-TV / CIAN-TV
CJAL: Edmonton, Alberta
CIAN: Calgary, Alberta
Canada
Branding Access
Channels Analog:
CJAL: 9 (VHF)
CIAN: 13 (VHF)
First air date CIAN: January 9, 1984
CJAL: December 1, 1986
Last air date CIAN/CJAL: August 31, 2011 (transmitters terminated)
Call letters' meaning CJAL: ALberta
CIAN: Access Network
Sister station(s) CFRN-TV, CFCN-TV
Former affiliations CIAN: Independent (1984–2011)
CJAL: Independent (1986–2011)
Transmitter power CJAL: 15 kW
CIAN: 9.9 kW
Height CJAL: 168.1 m
CIAN: 246.3 m
Transmitter coordinates CJAL:
53°24′19″N 113°20′42″W / 53.40528°N 113.34500°W / 53.40528; -113.34500 (CJAL-TV)
CIAN:
51°3′53″N 114°12′51″W / 51.06472°N 114.21417°W / 51.06472; -114.21417 (CIAN-TV)Coordinates: 53°32′30.5″N 113°38′29″W / 53.541806°N 113.64139°W / 53.541806; -113.64139 (ACCESS)

CTV Two Alberta is a Canadian English language entertainment and former educational television channel in the province of Alberta. It is owned by Bell Media, and operates as a de facto owned-and-operated station of its secondary CTV Two television system.

The channel was licensed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) as an educational programming service for Alberta, and was formerly a public broadcaster owned by the Alberta provincial government. Following its privatization in 1995, its license continued to require at least 60 hours of non-commercial educational programming per week along with entertainment programming more favourable to advertisers and adult viewers. In 2017, the channel officially relinquished its status as an educational broadcaster and dropped all its previous educational programming except the newsmagazine Alberta Primetime.[2][3]

CTV Two Alberta is also designated as a "satellite-to-cable undertaking"[4] serving the entirety of Alberta, and is therefore carried throughout the province on cable and licensed IPTV services on each service's basic tier. It is also available on both national satellite services, Bell TV and Shaw Direct. In addition, the station formerly operated two terrestrial transmitters, CJAL-TV (channel 9) in Edmonton, where the channel's main studios are located, and CIAN-TV (channel 13) in Calgary.

History[edit]

Access's logo from the 1970s
Access's previous logo from 2008 to 2011, designed to resemble the logo used by the "A" system. Access also aired limited programming from "A" during this period.

The channel was launched on June 30, 1973 as Access by the Alberta government, through the Alberta Educational Communications Corporation (AECC), alongside CKUA Radio. Prior to this point, English-language educational programs aired on Radio-Canada's television station CBXFT in Edmonton. At its launch, Access was only available through cable, and did not broadcast over-the-air.

On January 9, 1984, AECC was granted a licence from the CRTC for a television station in Calgary, CIAN; on December 1, 1986, AECC was granted another licence for a television station in Edmonton, CJAL, to rebroadcast the programs from CIAN. Both stations rebroadcast the Access feed.

After re-evaluating all provincial funding recipients, the Government of Alberta announced in 1993 that it would cease to directly fund Access past 1994. As a result, in 1995, Access was privatized and sold to Learning and Skills Television of Alberta Limited (LSTA), which is 60% owned by CHUM Limited.[5] In February 2005, CHUM Limited acquired the remaining 40% interest in LSTA (and renamed it Access Media Group), giving the company 100% of its shares, including its ownership in Access.

On July 12, 2006, CTVglobemedia announced that it would make a friendly takeover bid to buy CHUM Limited.[6] Due to CTVglobemedia's plans to keep CTV and Citytv, Rogers Communications was expected to purchase Access (along with CHUM's A-Channel stations, CKX-TV in Brandon, Canadian Learning Television and SexTV: The Channel) as announced on April 9, 2007, pending CRTC approval (and approval of CTVglobemedia's purchase).

With the CRTC electing to force CTV to sell the Citytv stations instead, the Rogers deal was rendered void. As such, CTVglobemedia retained Access along with the A-Channel stations, CKX-TV and all of CHUM's specialty channels, and sold the Citytv stations to Rogers. The takeover transaction was finalized on June 22, 2007. The A-Channel stations were rebranded as "A" on August 11, 2008; on the same date, Access debuted a new A-styled logo and began airing programming from "A" during certain primetime hours.[7]

On June 8, 2011, it was revealed that Access would be relaunched as CTV Two Alberta on August 29, 2011, as part of a rebranding of the "A" system.[8]

On January 11, 2016, during CTV Two Alberta's license renewal, Bell Media (a successor to CTVglobemedia) requested that the channel no longer be classified as an educational broadcaster.[9] The company stated that the province would be better served with both a dedicated educational broadcaster alongside a private service. Despite receiving criticism from a number of groups, most notably from Ontario educational broadcaster TVO, the CRTC approved the request on May 15, 2017, citing the lack of intervention from the provincial government, as well as talks between the government and British Columbia's Knowledge Network to potentially launch a new publicly owned and operated educational broadcast service in Alberta.[2] As a result, CTV Two Alberta dropped all educational programming but continues to air the newsmagazine Alberta Primetime.

In most of its service area, CTV Two Alberta competes with KSPS-TV, the PBS member in Spokane, Washington. KSPS has been available on cable in Calgary and Edmonton for the better part of three decades.

Digital television[edit]

As part of Canada's transition to digital terrestrial television, broadcast television stations in Calgary and Edmonton were required to convert to digital broadcasting or sign off completely by August 31, 2011. Prior to this deadline, the station had in place an analog over-the-air television transmitter in each of those two markets. The station did not have any other over-the-air transmitters.

As the channel is licensed as a satellite-to-cable undertaking, it is not required to offer over-the-air transmitters. Due to this, the costs of converting the two Access transmitters in Calgary and Edmonton to digital, and because the network already must be carried by cable and IPTV providers in the area as the province's designated educational broadcaster, CTV Two shut down its over-the-air television transmitters on August 31, 2011.[10] Despite the shut down and the satellite-to-cable status, transmitter information of CJAL and CIAN are still referenced in the early morning sign-on and sign-off that are telecasted during the week.

Programming[edit]

As Access, the network carried a variety of educational and informative programs along with entertainment programs all of which include children's programs, documentaries, feature films, talk shows, dramas, comedies and other programs. Starting March 9, 2009, Access began cabling a province-wide news and current affairs magazine program called Alberta Primetime, from the CTV/Access studios in Edmonton. Resources from CTV's owned-and-operated stations in Edmonton (CFRN-TV) and Calgary (CFCN-TV) will be used to produce the program.[11]

CTV Two Alberta dropped all children's and educational programming from its schedule (including archival Access Network programming) when it ceased being licensed as an educational broadcaster in 2017. It now airs the full CTV Two schedule with the exception of the provincial newsmagazine Alberta Primetime.[3]

See also[edit]

  • CTV Two Atlantic - a similar cable-only affiliate of CTV Two in Atlantic Canada; formerly the Atlantic Satellite Network (ASN) and A Atlantic
  • Citytv Saskatchewan - a similar cable-only affiliate of Citytv in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan; formerly Saskatchewan Communications Network
  • The CW Plus - an alternate feed of The CW Television Network for small and mid-size television markets in the United States, made up of privately owned digital multicast channels and cable-only affiliates, with syndicated programs supplied by the network in addition to CW network programming

References[edit]

  1. ^ Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2010-62, 2010-02-09
  2. ^ a b "Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2017-149". CRTC. May 15, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b "About Alberta Primetime and CTV Two". CTV News Alberta. 3 November 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 
  4. ^ Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2003-175, June 6, 2003
  5. ^ "Decision CRTC 95-472". CRTC. 1995-07-20. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  6. ^ "Bell Globemedia makes $1.7B bid for CHUM". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-07-12. Retrieved 2006-07-12. 
  7. ^ "Fresh New Look for 'A' Unveiled Today". CTVglobemedia. 2008-08-11. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  8. ^ "CTV News unveils expansion of news programming in Edmonton". CTV Edmonton. Retrieved 18 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2016-225". CRTC. June 15, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Applicant response dated 6 December 2010". Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  11. ^ Albertaprimetime.com

External links[edit]