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Cabaret Voltaire (band)

Cabaret Voltaire are an English music group formed in Sheffield in 1973 and composed of Stephen Mallinder, Richard H. Kirk, Chris Watson; the group was named after the Cabaret Voltaire, the Zürich nightclub that served as a centre for the early Dada movement. The early work of Cabaret Voltaire consisted of experimentation with DIY electronics and tape machines, as well as Dada-influenced performance art, helping to pioneer industrial music in the mid-1970s. Finding an audience during the post-punk era, they integrated their experimental sensibilities with dance and pop styles, they are characterized as among the most innovative and influential electronic groups of their era. The band formed in Sheffield in 1973 and experimented with sound creation and processing; some of these early experiments were first documented on the Industrial Records cassette 1974-1976 later on the triple album CD set Methodology'74/'78: The Attic Tapes. The band turned to live performance sharing the bill with Joy Division.

In one incident, Mallinder was hospitalised with a chipped backbone after the band had objects thrown at them. However, the arrival of punk rock brought a more accepting audience for their industrial, electronic sound and they were championed by Sheffield punk fanzine Gunrubber edited by Paul Bower of local band 2.3. In 1978, Cabaret Voltaire signed to Rough Trade Records. With Rough Trade they released several acclaimed musically experimental singles and EPs, including Extended Play and "Nag Nag Nag", albums such as "Three Mantras" and The Voice of America in 1980, Red Mecca in 1981; the 27 June 1978 edition of NME had a review by Andy Gill who said "I believe Cabaret Voltaire will turn out to be one of the most important new bands to achieve wider recognition this year. Wait and see." Years they were seen as one of the bands that instigated the electronic music scene. Watson left the band in 1981 to work for Tyne Tees Television and went on to found The Hafler Trio with Andrew M. McKenzie before becoming a BBC sound engineer and a soloist.

On 25 June 1981, John Peel broadcast a session on the BBC, recorded by the band, which included four songs: Black Mask, Walls of Jerico and Jazz the Glass. During this time, Cabaret Voltaire toured Europe and the United States without major record label support, releasing Hai!, a live album recorded in Japan, in 1982. In late 1982, Cabaret Voltaire decided consciously to turn in a more commercial direction; the group enlisted American dance music producer John Robie to remix "Yashar", a track from their 1982 album 2x45. The 12-inch single was released by Factory Records in May 1983, received extensive play in dance clubs. In August 1983, the album The Crackdown was released on Some Bizzare / Virgin Records and reached number 31 in the UK Albums Chart – over 60 places higher than their previous chart placing. In 1984, the singles "Sensoria" and "James Brown" from the album Micro-Phonies charted on the UK Indie Chart, as well as getting play in the underground dance scene. In 1987, the band released Code, on several tracks.

This was followed by the house-influenced Groovy, Laidback & Nasty in 1990. A series of instrumental works under the Cabaret Voltaire name was released on Instinct Records in 1993 and 1994; the last Cabaret Voltaire release to feature Mallinder on vocals was the Body and Soul album in 1991. Since the mid-late 1980s, Kirk began a solo career under several names, including Electronic Eye and Sandoz, while Mallinder relocated to Perth and records with a collaborator under the name Sassi & Loco and, more in another collaborative effort the Kuling-Bros. Mallinder helps run his own Offworld Sounds label and contributed to synthesizer and programming on Shaun Ryder's solo album Amateur Night at the Big Top. In 1996, Mallinder reported to Inpress magazine's Andrez Bergen that "I do think the manipulation of sound in our early days – the physical act of cutting up tapes, creating tape loops and all that – has a strong reference to Burroughs and Gysin. I think those kinds of attitudes become embedded within you, but I'm not sure how it relates now..."Hopes of a Cabaret Voltaire reunion were raised when Kirk dropped hints in the late 1990s, the most significant being in the notes of a reissue of Radiation, but this never happened.

In a special'Depeche Mode/History of Electro-pop' edition of Q magazine, Kirk suggested he is still considering resurrecting the Cabaret name, but this time he plans to "Get some young people involved". In 2001, Watson appeared in the documentary film Made in Sheffield, where he discussed the early years of Cabaret Voltaire. Since that time, Kirk has resurrected the Cabaret Voltaire name and has released new albums with New Zealand band Kora called Kora! Kora! Kora! and Sheffield band, The Tivoli called National Service Rewind. The new material was recorded at Western Works studios; the experimental'Sensoria Festival of Film and Music' is named after the Cabaret Voltaire song, has become an annual event held in Sheffield since 2008. In July 2014, Berlin Atonal reported; the performance – the first in twenty years – saw a set list of all new material performed by a line-up "consisting of machines, multi-screen projections and Richard H. Kirk", the lone remaining member of the'group'. In early August 2016, Cabaret Voltaire performed an hour long set of otherwise unreleased material at the Dekmantel festival in Amsterdam, the Netherla

Rosbiratschka

Rosbiratschka is a trick-taking, card game for three or four players, played with a German-suited pack of 32 or 24 cards. Despite the name, Rosbiratscka is a game of German origin for three to four players, known in different regions under different names, it is easy to suitable as a parlour game i.e. with friends and family. The following rules for four players are based on Altenburger. A full game involves a partie of six different contracts and the aim is to score as few penalty points as possible. A 32-card pack is used with German suits i.e. Acorns, Leaves and Bells; the ranking of the cards in each suit is Sow, Ober, Ten, Eight, Seven. Each player is dealt 8 cards; the player to the left of the dealer leads to the first trick. Players must follow suit and the highest card wins the trick. There are no trumps. If suit cannot be followed, a player may discard a card of his choice. Six individual contracts are played: No Tricks!: In No Tricks! each player attempts to avoid taking any tricks as in the game of Ramsch.

Every trick taken scores one penalty point. If a player takes no tricks, each trick counts 2 points. If a player takes all 8 tricks however, it is a Durchmarsch, he receives 8 plus points. No Hearts!: In No Hearts! each player aims to take as few Heart cards as possible in his tricks. Each Heart card taken scores a penalty point. If a player takes no Hearts at all, each Heart card counts 2 penalty points. If a player takes all the Heart cards however, he scores 8 plus points. No Unters!' In No Unters! each player aims to take as few Unters in his tricks as possible. For every Unter captured, 2 penalty points are scored. If a player has no Unters each Unter is worth four penalty points. If a player gets all 4 Unters however, he receives 8 plus points. No King of Hearts! In No King of Hearts! each player tries not to capture the King of Hearts. If the King of Hearts is player, the deal ends and the player who has captured him receives 8 penalty points. Hundred!' In Hundred! the aim is play cards so as not to be the first to exceed a given number.

For this purpose the cards count as follows: Ace 11, King 4, Ober 3, Unter 2, Ten 10, Nine 0, Eight 0, Seven 0. Everyone lays a card in the middle and counts its collective value aloud e.g. "Ten, 10!" "Ace 21!" etc. Whoever is the first to exceed 25 gets a penalty point, whoever is first to exceed 50 gets 2 penalty points and whoever is first to exceed 100 receives 5 penalty points. On exceeding 100 points, the deal ends. Rosbiratschka! Rosbiratschka! is the card game of Unteransetzen and involves melding and laying off cards to the table, building up sequences in each suit. The aim is to avoid being the last player holding any cards. Forehand must lead with an Unter. If he does not have one, the next player must lead and so on; as soon as an Unter is melded, the next player must lay off next to it a card of the same suit that ranks one above or below it. If a player is unable to do this, he must meld another Unter above or below the first and start a new row in a different suit. If a player cannot meld or lay off a card, he says "pass!".

When just one player is left with cards in his hand the others shout "Rosbiratschka!" and the player receives 8 penalty points. For three players, remove all Sevens and Eights from a 32-card pack and deal eight cards to each player. For five players remove the Six of Bells and deal seven each. Score 2 minus points for the last trick in deal 1. For six players use deal six to each player. __. "Rosbiratschka". in Erweitertes Spielregelbüchlein aus Altenburg, Verlag Altenburger Spielkartenfabrik, Leipzig, 1983, pp. 173ff. Berthold, Manuela. "Die tollen Sechs". Neues Deutschland. Retrieved 2015-01-01. Rosbiratschka rules at www.meetup.com

St. Georg, Aplerbeck

St. Georg is a church and Protestant parish in Aplerbeck, now part of Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, it is a Romanesque cross basilica from the 12th century. The only building in Dortmund of its kind, it is a listed monument. In the 19th century when the town grew due to industrialisation, a larger church was built, St. Georg fell into disrepair, it served as a community hall from 1926, was restored as a church from 1963. It is again the parish church, while the larger church has been used for concerts since 1999. A church in Aplerbeck was first mentioned in a document of 899. Remnants of an early church were found when the present building was restored in 1963; the present Georgskirche is dated between 1150 and 1160. The church became Lutheran with the Confessio Augustana of 1612. Due to industrialisation in the 19th century, a new church was built in Aplerbeck, called Große Kirche Aplerbeck, dedicated in 1869; the Georgskirche fell into disrepair. It was struck by lightning in 1872, but not restored.

In 1894, a plan to demolish the ruin was not supported by the Prussian government. The street on which it was located was named Ruinenstraße because of the condition of the church; the church was a ruin until 1926. A plan to make it the centre of a community hall with a restaurant, or a museum, was declined by the conservator Johannes Körner, who demanded that the Romanesque building should be restored without alterations, he could not prevent the building of a war memorial with a sculpture of Michael the archangel next to the steeple, which led to the name "Michaelisbau". The church was used as a hall for Nazi assemblies, after World War II. In 1963 the church was restored to its former appearance and was called Georgskirche again, it serves as the main parish church, after declining attendance failed to fill the Große Kirche for regular services. Siegfried Liesenberg, Die Georgskirche in Aplerbeck, Dortmund-Aplerbeck: Gustav Kleff Official website 850 Jahre Georgskirche / Festwoche vom 12. Bis 18.

September Georgsgemeinde 2011

Bandra Terminus–Jamnagar Saurashtra Janta Express

The 19217 / 18 Bandra Terminus - Jamnagar Saurashtra Janta Express is an express train belonging to Indian Railways - Western Railway zone that runs between Bandra Terminus and Jamnagar in India. It operates as train number 19217 from Bandra Terminus to Jamnagar and as train number 19218 in the reverse direction serving the state of Maharashtra & Gujarat; the train has standard ICF coaches with a max speed of 110 km/h. The train consist of 22 coaches: 1 AC 2 tier 3 AC 3 tier 12 Sleeper Class 4 Unreserved/General 2 Seating cum Luggage Rake The 19217/Bandra Terminus - Jamnagar Saurashtra Janta Express has averages speed of 52 km/hr and covers 812 km in 15h 40m; the 19218/Jamnagar - Bandra Terminus Saurashtra Janta Express has averages speed of 52 km/hr and covers 812 km in 15h 45m. The 19217 / 18 Bandra Terminus - Jamnagar Saurashtra Janta Express runs from Bandra Terminus via Surat, Vadodara Junction, Ahmedabad Junction, Viramgam Junction, Surendranagar Junction, Wankaner Junction, Rajkot Junction to Jamnagar and vice versa.

Prior to February 2012, Dual traction Valsad based WCAM 1 locomotives would haul the train between Bandra Terminus & Ahmedabad Junction handing over to a Ratlam or Vatva based WDM 3A locomotive for the remainder of the journey. Western Railway completed DC Electric traction to AC Electric Traction on 5 February 2012 & it is now hauled by a Vadodara based WAP 4 or WAP 5 locomotive until Ahmedabad Junction handing over to a Ratlam or Vatva based WDM 3A locomotive which powers the train for the remainder of the journey; the train shares its rake with 12971/12972 Bandra Terminus - Bhavnagar Terminus Superfast Express. "YouTube - Rajdhani vs Saurashtra Janata Express at Andheri". Youtube.com. Retrieved 28 April 2014. "Saurashtra Janta express | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 28 April 2014. "Western Railway". Wr.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 28 April 2014. "Saurashtra Janta Train No 19018 waiting list clearance on 18/11/2012? - Train No,19018 Saurashtra Janta waiting list position crearance on 18/11/2012:: Ask Me Fast".

Askmefast.com. Retrieved 28 April 2014. "Rains throw rail route out of gear - Indian Express". Archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 28 April 2014. "Welcome to Indian Railway Passenger reservation Enquiry". Indianrail.gov.in. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-05. "IRCTC Online Passenger Reservation System". Irctc.co.in. Archived from the original on 3 March 2007. Retrieved 5 April 2014. " Welcome to IRFCA.org, the home of IRFCA on the internet". Irfca.org. Retrieved 5 April 2014

Capitalism and Islam

Proto-capitalist economies and free markets were active during the Islamic Golden Age and Muslim Agricultural Revolution, where an early market economy and form of merchant capitalism took root between the 8th–12th centuries. A vigorous monetary economy was based on a widely-circulated currency and the integration of monetary areas that were independent. Business techniques and forms of business organisation employed during this time included contracts, bills of exchange, long-distance international trade, forms of partnership such as limited partnerships, forms of credit, profit, capital, capital accumulation, circulating capital, capital expenditure, cheques, promissory notes, savings accounts, transactional accounts, loaning, exchange rates, money changers, deposits, the double-entry bookkeeping system, lawsuits. Organizational enterprises independent from the state existed in the medieval Islamic world, while the agency institution was introduced. Many of these early capitalist concepts were adopted and further advanced in medieval Europe from the 13th century onwards.

Some have argued that these economic activities laid the foundations for the development of modern capitalism. A market economy was established in the Islamic world on the basis of an economic system resembling merchant capitalism. Capital formation was promoted by labour in medieval Islamic society, financial capital was developed by a considerable number of owners of monetary funds and precious metals. Riba was prohibited by the Qur ` an; the capitalists were at the height of their power between the 9th–12th centuries, but their influence declined after the arrival of the ikta and after production was monopolized by the state, both of which hampered the development of industrial capitalism in the Islamic world. Some state enterprises still had a capitalist mode of production, such as pearl diving in Iraq and the textile industry in Egypt. During the 11th–13th centuries, the "Karimis", an early enterprise and business group controlled by entrepreneurs, came to dominate much of the Islamic world's economy.

The group was controlled by about fifty Muslim merchants labelled as "Karimis" who were of Yemeni and sometimes Indian origins. Each Karimi merchant had considerable wealth, ranging from at least 100,000 dinars to as much as 10 million dinars; the group had considerable influence in most important eastern markets and sometimes in politics through its financing activities and through a variety of customers, including Emirs, Viziers, foreign merchants, common consumers. The Karimis dominated many of the trade routes across the Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Indian Ocean, as far as Francia in the north, China in the east, sub-Saharan Africa in the south, where they obtained gold from gold mines. Strategies employed by the Karimis include the use of agents, the financing of projects as a method of acquiring capital, a banking institution for loans and deposits. Another important difference between the Karimis and other entrepreneurs before and during their time was that they were not tax collectors or landlords, but their capitalism was due to trade and financial transactions.

Though medieval Islamic economics appears to have somewhat resembled a form of capitalism, some Orientalists believe that there exist a number of parallels between Islamic economics and communism, including the Islamic ideas of zakat and riba. Others see Islamic economics as neither capitalistic nor socialistic, but rather a balance between the two, emphasizing both "individual economic freedom and the need to serve the common good." Islamic socialism Religious views on capitalism Peter Nolan Crossroads: The end of wild capitalism. Marshall Cavendish, ISBN 9780462099682

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (radio series)

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes is an American old-time radio show that aired on NBC from 1930 to 1935. The series was adapted from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories. Edith Meiser first pitched the idea of a radio series based on Conan Doyle's detective. Episodes for the series were adapted for broadcast by Meiser; the premiere episode featured an adaptation of "The Adventure of the Speckled Band". It starred William Gillette as Leigh Lovell as Dr Watson; the following episodes in the deries featured Richard Gordon in the role of Holmes until 1933 and Louis Hector from 1934 to 1935. Richard Gordon again played the lead role for the last season in 1936. At the end of the first season, a survey of American radio editors found that 94% said The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes was the best radio program; the George Washington Coffee Company, creator of the first instant coffee, sponsored the series. Sherlock Holmes: William Gillette Richard Gordon Louis Hector Richard Gordon Dr Watson: Leigh Lovell This series comprised stories adapted from Conan Doyle stories including "The Adventure of the Abbey Grange", "The Adventure of Black Peter", "The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier" and "The Boscombe Valley Mystery".

This series of 32 stories comprised some adaptations of Conan Doyle and original material devised by Meiser. This series of 31 stories comprised some adaptations of Conan Doyle and original material devised by Meiser; this series of 29 stories presented Meiser originals. Boström, Mattias. From Holmes to Sherlock. Mysterious Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-2789-1. Bunson, Matthew. Encyclopedia Sherlockiana. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-02-861679-0. Eyles, Allen. Sherlock Holmes: A Centenary Celebration. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-015620-1