The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been a Gaelic people. Viking invasions of Ireland during the 8th to 11th centuries established the cities of Dublin, Waterford and Limerick. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of the smaller Northern Ireland; the people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Northern Irish or some combination thereof. The Irish have their own customs, music, sports and mythology. Although Irish was their main language in the past, today most Irish people speak English as their first language.
The Irish nation was made up of kin groups or clans, the Irish had their own religion, law code and style of dress. There have been many notable Irish people throughout history. After Ireland's conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and scholars exerted great influence on Western Europe, the Irish came to be seen as a nation of "saints and scholars"; the 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the "fathers of Europe", followed by saints Cillian and Fergal. The scientist Robert Boyle is considered the "father of chemistry", Robert Mallet one of the "fathers of seismology". Famous Irish writers include Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, Bram Stoker, James Joyce, C. S. Lewis and Seamus Heaney. Notable Irish explorers include Brendan the Navigator, Sir Robert McClure, Sir Alexander Armstrong, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Tom Crean. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides. Many presidents of the United States have had some Irish ancestry.
The population of Ireland is about 6.3 million, but it is estimated that 50 to 80 million people around the world have Irish forebears, making the Irish diaspora one of the largest of any nation. Emigration from Ireland has been the result of conflict and economic issues. People of Irish descent are found in English-speaking countries Great Britain, the United States and Australia. There are significant numbers in Argentina and New Zealand; the United States has the most people of Irish descent, while in Australia those of Irish descent are a higher percentage of the population than in any other country outside Ireland. Many Icelanders have Scottish Gaelic forebears. During the past 12,500 years of inhabitation, Ireland has witnessed some different peoples arrive on its shores; the ancient peoples of Ireland—such as the creators of the Céide Fields and Newgrange—are unknown. Neither their languages nor the terms they used to describe; as late as the middle centuries of the 1st millennium the inhabitants of Ireland did not appear to have a collective name for themselves.
Ireland itself was known by a number of different names, including Banba, Fódla, Ériu by the islanders and Hiverne to the Greeks, Hibernia to the Romans. Scotland takes its name from Scota, who in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology, pseudohistory, is the name given to two different mythological daughters of two different Egyptian Pharaohs to whom the Gaels traced their ancestry explaining the name Scoti, applied by the Romans to Irish raiders, to the Irish invaders of Argyll and Caledonia which became known as Scotland. Other Latin names for people from Ireland in Classic and Mediaeval sources include Attacotti and Gael; this last word, derived from the Welsh gwyddel "raiders", was adopted by the Irish for themselves. However, as a term it is on a par with Viking, as it describes an activity and its proponents, not their actual ethnic affiliations; the terms Irish and Ireland are derived from the goddess Ériu. A variety of historical ethnic groups have inhabited the island, including the Airgialla, Fir Ol nEchmacht, Fir Bolg, Érainn, Eóganachta, Conmaicne and Ulaid.
In the cases of the Conmaicne, Érainn, it can be demonstrated that the tribe took their name from their chief deity, or in the case of the Ciannachta, Eóganachta, the Soghain, a deified ancestor. This practice is paralleled by the Anglo-Saxon dynasties' claims of descent from Woden, via his sons Wecta, Baeldaeg and Wihtlaeg; the Greek mythographer Euhemerus originated the concept of Euhemerism, which treats mythological accounts as a reflection of actual historical events shaped by retelling and traditional mores. In the 12th century, Icelandic bard and historian Snorri Sturluson proposed that the Norse gods were historical war leaders and kings, who became cult figures set into society as gods; this view is in agreement with Irish historians such as Francis John Byrne. One legend states that the Irish were descended from one Míl Espáine, whose sons conquered Ireland around 1000 BC or
A pawnbroker is an individual or business that offers secured loans to people, with items of personal property used as collateral. The items having been pawned to the broker are themselves called pledges or pawns, or the collateral. While many items can be pawned, pawnshops accept jewelry, musical instruments, home audio equipment, video game systems, gold, televisions, power tools and other valuable items as collateral. If an item is pawned for a loan, within a certain contractual period of time the pawner may redeem it for the amount of the loan plus some agreed-upon amount for interest; the amount of time, rate of interest, is governed by law and by the pawnbroker's policies. If the loan is not paid within the time period, the pawned item will be offered for sale to other customers by the pawnbroker. Unlike other lenders, the pawnbroker does not report the defaulted loan on the customer's credit report, since the pawnbroker has physical possession of the item and may recoup the loan value through outright sale of the item.
The pawnbroker sells items that have been sold outright to them by customers. Some pawnshops are willing to trade items in their shop for items brought to them by customers; the pawning process begins. Common items pawned by customers include jewelry, collectibles, musical instruments and firearms. Gold and platinum are popular items—which are purchased if in the form of broken jewelry of little value. Metal can still be sold in bulk to a bullion dealer or smelter for the value by weight of the component metals. Jewelry that contains genuine gemstones if broken or missing pieces, have value; the pawnbroker assumes the risk. However, laws in many jurisdictions protect both the community and broker from unknowingly handling stolen goods; these laws require that the pawnbroker establish positive identification of the seller through photo identification, as well as a holding period placed on an item purchased by a pawnbroker. In some jurisdictions, pawnshops must give a list of all newly pawned items and any associated serial number to police, so the police can determine if any of the items have been reported stolen.
Many police departments advise burglary or robbery victims to visit local pawnshops to see if they can locate stolen items. Some pawnshops set up their own screening criteria to avoid buying stolen property; the pawnbroker assesses an item for its condition and marketability by testing the item and examining it for flaws, scratches or other damage. Another aspect that affects marketability is the supply and demand for the item in the community or region. In some markets, the used goods market is so flooded with used stereos and car stereos, for example, that pawnshops will only accept the higher-quality brand names. Alternatively, a customer may offer to pawn an item, difficult to sell, such as a surfboard in an inland region, or a pair of snowshoes in warm-winter regions; the pawnshop owner either offers a low price. While some items never get outdated, such as hammers and hand saws and computer items become obsolete and unsaleable. Pawnshop owners must learn about different makes and models of computers and other electronic equipment, so they can value objects accurately.
To assess value of different items, pawnbrokers use guidebooks, Internet search engines, their own experience. Some pawnbrokers employ a specialist to assess jewelry. One of the risks of accepting secondhand goods is. If the item is counterfeit, such as a fake Rolex watch, it may have only a fraction of the value of the genuine item. Once the pawnbroker determines the item is genuine and not stolen, that it is marketable, the pawnbroker offers the customer an amount for it; the customer can either sell the item outright if the pawnbroker is a licensed secondhand dealer, or offer the item as collateral on a loan. Most pawnshops are willing to negotiate the amount of the loan with the client. To determine the amount of the loan, the pawnshop owner needs to take into account several factors. A key factor is the predicted resale value of the item; this is thought of in terms of a range, with the low point being the wholesale value of the used good, in the case that the pawnshop is unable to sell it to pawnshop customers, they decide to sell it to a wholesale merchant of used goods.
The higher point in the range is the retail sale price in the pawnshop. For example, a five-year-old laptop may have been bought by the customer for $1000. However, as a used item in a pawnshop, it might only fetch $250 as a purchase price in the pawnshop, because the customers will be wary that it might be a "lemon" that the seller is getting rid of because it has some hard-to-detect problem, because pawnshops do not offer a warranty with goods sold. Used electronics wholesalers will buy the laptop from the pawnshop owner for $100 to $150; the wholesaler pays a lower price than the retail value because they have the added cost of hiring electronics technicians who overhaul and repair the items so that they can be sold in used electronics stores. The pawnshop owner takes into account their knowledge of supply and demand for
Eavesdropping is the act of secretly or stealthily listening to the private conversation or communications of others without their consent. The practice is regarded as unethical, in many jurisdictions is illegal; the verb eavesdrop is a back-formation from the noun eavesdropper, formed from the related noun eavesdrop. An eavesdropper was someone who would hang from the eave of a building so as to hear what is said within; the PBS documentaries, Inside the Court of Henry VIII and Secrets of Henry VIII’s Palace include segments that display and discuss "eavedrops", carved wooden figures Henry VIII had built into the eaves of Hampton Court to discourage unwanted gossip or dissension from the King's wishes and rule, to foment paranoia and fear, demonstrate that everything said there was being overheard. Eavesdropping vectors include telephone lines, cellular networks and other methods of private instant messaging. VoIP communications software is vulnerable to electronic eavesdropping via infections such as trojans.
Network eavesdropping is a network layer attack that focuses on capturing small packets from the network transmitted by other computers and reading the data content in search of any type of information. This type of network attack is one of the most effective as a lack of encryption services are used, it is linked to the collection of metadata. Those who perform this type of attack are black-hat hackers; the dictionary definition of eavesdropping at Wiktionary Media related to Eavesdropping at Wikimedia Commons
Magic (1978 film)
Magic is a 1978 American psychological horror film starring Anthony Hopkins, Ann-Margret and Burgess Meredith. The film, directed by Richard Attenborough, is based on a screenplay by William Goldman, who wrote the novel upon which it was based; the score was composed by Jerry Goldsmith. After Charles "Corky" Withers fails in his first attempt at professional magic, his mentor "Merlin" says that he needs to have a better show business gimmick. A year Corky comes back as a combination magician and ventriloquist with a foul-mouthed dummy named Fats, becoming a huge success. Corky's powerful agent, Ben Greene, is on the verge of signing him for his own television show, but Corky bails out for the Catskills, where he grew up, claiming to be "afraid of success." In truth, Corky does not want to take the TV network's required medical examination because doctors might find out that he suffers from severe mental issues, that off-stage he cannot control Fats. In the Catskills, Corky reunites with his high-school crush, Peggy Ann Snow, stuck in a passionless marriage with Corky's friend from high school, Duke.
A magic trick with a deck of cards charms Peggy into thinking they are soulmates, leading to them having sex. This sparks the jealousy not only of Duke but the dummy Fats. In the midst of an argument "between" Corky and Fats, Greene arrives unexpectedly and confronts Corky, discovering the truth about Corky's state of mind. Corky pleads that nothing is wrong with him and that he is just rehearsing, so Greene puts him to the test, saying "Make Fats shut up for 5 minutes." Corky puts aside Fats, but is unable to last 5 minutes without delivering a rapid stream of speech through Fats. Greene demands that Corky get help, leaves to make some calls to doctors, but Fats convinces Corky to kill his agent. Corky chases after Greene in the woods and bludgeons him with Fats' hard, wooden head, attempts to drag the body into a lake. However, a still-living Greene lunges at him, causing Corky to drown him; the next morning, Fats becomes more possessive and jealous when Corky says that he plans to elope with Peggy and leave the dummy behind.
Duke returns from his trip earlier than expected. Suspecting his wife has cheated on him, he wants to have a talk with Corky by the lake. Rather than confront him, Duke awkwardly confides to Corky that he loves Peggy and is worried about losing her. Duke spots Greene's body on the edge of the lake. Duke, sends Corky to get help. Curious, he decides to search Corky's cabin. An deranged Corky manages to pull himself together and persuade Peggy to run away with him, but she insists on waiting to tell Duke face to face. She thinks everything is fine until Fats "comes alive" and reveals that Corky's card trick is only a ruse he uses to seduce women, that Peggy is only the latest of his conquests. Repulsed, she locks herself in her bedroom. Fats says that, from this point on, he will make the decisions in Corky's life asserting this new authority by ordering Corky to kill Peggy. Corky, turning on the charm and using Fats' voice, apologizes to Peggy through her locked door, leaves her a wooden heart that he carved.
A short while Corky returns with a bloodstained knife. Fats seems pleased — until it is revealed that the blood on the knife is Corky's, who has fatally stabbed himself so that he won't kill anyone else; as a result, Fats feels faint. They wonder. Moments Peggy returns to their cabin calling out that she has changed her mind and has decided to run away with Corky after all; as she speaks, her voice changes into a caricature. Anthony Hopkins as Corky Withers Ann-Margret as Peggy Ann Snow Burgess Meredith as Ben Greene Ed Lauter as Duke E. J. André as Merlin Jerry Houser as Taxi Driver David Ogden Stiers as Todson Lillian Randolph as Sadie Joseph E. Levine bought the film rights to Goldman's novel for $1 million; this included Goldman's fee to write the screenplay. The first draft was written for first-choice director Norman Jewison. Jewison wanted Jack Nicholson to star but Nicholson turned it down, claiming he did not want to wear a hairpiece. Steven Spielberg expressed interest in directing the film and considered casting Robert De Niro for Corky.
Richard Attenborough, who had just made A Bridge Too Far with Goldman and Levine agreed to direct. Laurence Olivier was offered the role of the agent but was unable to do it so Burgess Meredith was cast instead. Meredith got the role after walking into 21 one night when Joe E. Levine was there – Levine cast him on the spot. Meredith modelled his performance on the agent Swifty Lazar shaving his head to look like Lazar. "I tried to get his cool, understated manner, his sharp clothes and, most of all, his way of speaking so that you've got to lean over to hear what he's saying," said Meredith. Goldman wrote about the film that "Burgess Meredith was perfect and Tony Hopkins... was so wonderful here. But running stride for stride with him was Miss Olsson. I think Ann-Margret is the least appreciated emotional actress anywhere."Ann-Margret and Anthony Hopkins were each paid around $300,000 for their performances. Exteriors were shot in California; the film received positive reviews from critics receiving a "certified fresh" 83% on Rotten Tomatoes.
Film critic Gene Siskel gave the film a positive review, ranked it at #9 on his list of the 10 best films of 1978. However, The Science Fiction and Fantasy Film Review 1990 writeup of the film remarks that Hopkins appears stiff in the lead role, but prais
Ventriloquism, or ventriloquy, is an act of stagecraft in which a person changes his or her voice so that it appears that the voice is coming from elsewhere a puppeteered prop, known as a "dummy". The act of ventriloquism is ventriloquizing, the ability to do so is called in English the ability to "throw" one's voice. Ventriloquism was a religious practice; the name comes from the Latin for to speak from i.e. venter and loqui. The Greeks called this gastromancy; the noises produced by the stomach were thought to be the voices of the unliving, who took up residence in the stomach of the ventriloquist. The ventriloquist would interpret the sounds, as they were thought to be able to speak to the dead, as well as foretell the future. One of the earliest recorded group of prophets to use this technique was the Pythia, the priestess at the temple of Apollo in Delphi, who acted as the conduit for the Delphic Oracle. One of the most successful early gastromancers was a prophet at Athens. In the Middle Ages, it was thought to be similar to witchcraft.
One of the uses was by people pretending to be mediums or those claiming to be able to cast out evil spirits, throwing the voice added to their credibility. It was not unusual for women doing this to be burnt as witches; as Spiritualism led to stage magic and escapology, so ventriloquism became more of a performance art as, starting around the 19th century, it shed its mystical trappings. Other parts of the world have a tradition of ventriloquism for ritual or religious purposes; the shift from ventriloquism as manifestation of spiritual forces toward ventriloquism as entertainment happened in the eighteenth century at the travelling funfairs and market towns. An early depiction of a ventriloquist dates to 1754 in England, where Sir John Parnell is depicted in the painting An Election Entertainment by William Hogarth as speaking via his hand. In 1757, the Austrian Baron de Mengen performed with a small doll. By the late 18th century, ventriloquist performances were an established form of entertainment in England, although most performers threw their voice to make it appear that it emanated from far away, rather than the modern method of using a puppet.
A well known ventriloquist of the period, Joseph Askins, who performed at the Sadler's Wells Theatre in London in the 1790s advertised his act as "curious ad libitum Dialogues between himself and his invisible familiar, Little Tommy". However, other performers were beginning to incorporate dolls or puppets into their performance, notably the Irishman James Burne who "... carries in his pocket, an ill-shaped doll, with a broad face, which he exhibits... as giving utterance to his own childish jargon," and Thomas Garbutt. The entertainment came of age during the era of the music hall in the United Kingdom and vaudeville in the United States. George Sutton began to incorporate a puppet act into his routine at Nottingham in the 1830s, but it is Fred Russell, regarded as the father of modern ventriloquism. In 1886, he was offered a professional engagement at the Palace Theatre in London and took up his stage career permanently, his act, based on the cheeky-boy dummy "Coster Joe" that would sit in his lap and'engage in a dialogue' with him was influential for the entertainment format and was adopted by the next generation of performers..
Fred Russell's successful comedy team format was applied by the next generation of ventriloquists. It was taken forward by the British Arthur Prince with his dummy Sailor Jim, who became one of the highest paid entertainers on the music hall circuit, by the Americans The Great Lester, Frank Byron, Jr. and Edgar Bergen. Bergen popularised the idea of the comedic ventriloquist. Bergen, together with his favourite figure, Charlie McCarthy, hosted a radio program, broadcast from 1937 to 1956, it was the #1 program on the nights it aired. Bergen continued performing until his death in 1978, his popularity inspired many other famous ventriloquists who followed him, including Paul Winchell, Jimmy Nelson, David Strassman, Jeff Dunham, Terry Fator, Ronn Lucas, Wayland Flowers, Shari Lewis, Willie Tyler, Jay Johnson, Nina Conti, Darci Lynne Farmer. Another ventriloquist popular in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s was Señor Wences; the art of ventriloquism was popularised by Y. K. Padhye in North India and M. M. Roy in South India, who are believed to be the pioneers of this field in India.
Y. K. Padhye's son Ramdas Padhye borrowed from him and made the art popular amongst the masses through his performance on television. Ramdas Padhye's son Satyajit Padhye is a ventriloquist. Indusree a female ventriloquist from Bangalore has contributed a lot to the art, she performs with 3 dummies simultaneously. Venky Monkey and Mimicry Srinivos, the disciples of M. M. Roy, popularized this art by giving shows in India and abroad. Mimicrist Srinivos, in particular, did several experiments in ventriloquism, he has popularized this art, calling it "Sound illusion." He goes into the audience without a microphone and entertains with point blank sound illusion in addition to entertaining on stage with dummies. Ventriloquism's popularity waned for a while because of modern media's electronic ability to convey the illusion of voice, the natural special effect, the heart of ventriloquism. In the U. K. in the 2000s there were only 15 full-time professional vent
Gilligan's Island is an American sitcom created and produced by Sherwood Schwartz. The show had an ensemble cast that featured Bob Denver, Alan Hale Jr. Jim Backus, Natalie Schafer, Russell Johnson, Tina Louise, Dawn Wells, it aired for three seasons on the CBS network from September 26, 1964, to April 17, 1967. The series followed the comic adventures of seven castaways as they attempted to survive the island on which they had been shipwrecked. Most episodes revolve around the dissimilar castaways' conflicts and their unsuccessful attempts, for whose failure Gilligan was responsible, to escape their plight. Gilligan's Island ran for a total of 98 episodes; the first season, consisting of 36 episodes, was filmed in white. These episodes were colorized for syndication; the show's second and third seasons and the three television movie sequels were filmed in color. The show received solid ratings during its original run grew in popularity during decades of syndication in the 1970s and 1980s when many markets ran the show in the late afternoon.
Today, the title character of Gilligan is recognized as an American cultural icon. The two-man crew of the charter boat SS Minnow and five passengers on a "three-hour tour" from Honolulu run into a tropical storm and are shipwrecked on an uncharted island somewhere in the Pacific Ocean, their efforts to be rescued are thwarted by the inadvertent conduct of the first mate, Gilligan. The island was close enough to Hawaii to pick up Hawaiian AM radio transmissions on a portable receiver; the location given in the series varies. In the first-season episode "'X' Marks the Spot", the radio warns that the Air Force will test launch an armed missile to strike a location near 140° latitude, 10° longitude; the Skipper calculates this as their island's location, based on their starting point when the storm hit before they "... drifted for that three days... with the prevailing western current...", meaning the deadly missile will hit the island. In the first season, the episode "Big Man on Little Stick" has the Professor giving the position as "approximately 110° longitude and 10° latitude" without specifying which hemispheres.
In the third-season episode "The Pigeon", the island is placed about 300 miles southeast of Honolulu. Bob Denver as Gilligan, the inept, accident-prone First Mate of the SS Minnow. Denver was not the first choice to play Gilligan, he chose instead to play the lead in My Mother the Car, which premiered the following year and was cancelled after one season. The producers looked to Bob Denver, the actor who had played Maynard G. Krebs, the goofy but lovable beatnik in The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis. None of the show's episodes specified Gilligan's full name or indicated whether "Gilligan" was the character's first name or his last. In the DVD collection, Sherwood Schwartz states that he preferred the full name of "Willy Gilligan" for the character. Denver, on various television/radio interviews, said; the actor reasoned that because everyone yelled at the first mate, it ran together as "Gilligan." On Rescue from Gilligan's Island, the writers artfully dodged Gilligan's full name when the other names are announced.
Little is revealed about Gilligan's past, except that he was born in Pennsylvania, his occasional reference to best friend Skinny Mulligan and a one-time reference to his older brother and that he served on a destroyer with the Skipper where he saved the Skipper from a loose depth charge. Alan Hale Jr. as Captain Jonas "The Skipper" Grumby, the captain of the S. S. Minnow. Alan Hale Jr. was a longtime actor in B-Westerns and the look-alike son of Alan Hale Sr. a legendary movie character actor. Hale so loved his role that, long after the show went off the air, he still appeared in character in his Los Angeles restaurant, Alan Hale's Lobster Barrel. In addition, Hale wore his Skipper outfit when four other Gilligan's Island cast members and he appeared on a few celebrity Family Feud shows. Although the Skipper was a father figure to Gilligan, Hale was only 14 years older than Denver. Gilligan pushed the Skipper out of the way of a loose depth charge when they were both serving in the United States Navy.
Skipper is a World War II veteran, served in the Seventh Fleet. In one episode, he describes his participation in the Battle of Guadalcanal. In the episode "They're Off and Running", Ginger is reading from a horoscope magazine and asks the Skipper his birthday, to which he responds, "May 5th." In moments of exasperation, the Skipper would swat Gilligan on the head with his cap. Just as the Skipper endearingly called Gilligan "Little Buddy". While everybody else called him "Skipper", the Howells called him "Captain". Jim Backus as the millionaire. Backus was a well-known character actor when he took the part; the origin of the super-rich Howell character dates back to 1949 radio when Backus portrayed "Hubert Updike III" on The Alan Young Show. In the inaugural 1962–1963 season of The Beverly Hillbillies, Backus plays the same character, this time as the eccentric millionaire Martin von Ransohoff. In the classic 1963 comedy It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World, Backus played another Howell-like character, Tyler Fitzgerald, a boozy and rich airplane owner who gets caught up in the race for the stolen money.
Backus was best known as the voice of cartoon character Mr. Magoo, he reused some of the voice inflections and mannerisms o
Third from the Sun
"Third from the Sun" is episode 14 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It is based on a short story of the same name by Richard Matheson which first appeared in the first issue of the magazine Galaxy Science Fiction in October 1950. Will Sturka, a scientist who works at a military base, has been producing a great number of H-bombs in preparation for imminent nuclear war. Sturka realizes that there is only one way to escape—steal an experimental, top-secret spacecraft stored at the base, he plans to bring Sturka's daughter Jody. The two plot for months, making arrangements for their departure; when production of the bombs increases, Sturka realizes. He and Riden decide to put their plan in action—take their families to the craft to tour it, overpower the guards and take off. Sturka's superior Carling overhears the two men talking; that night, everyone gathers for a game of cards where Riden reveals that he has found a place to go—a small planet 11 million miles away. During the game, Carling unexpectedly appears at the door and hints that he knows what the group is planning.
He hints at trouble: "A lot can happen in forty-eight hours." After he leaves and Riden inform the women that they must leave that moment. When the five arrive at the site of the spacecraft and Riden spot their contact, who flashes a light; when the contact steps forward, though, he is revealed to be Carling, armed with a gun. He prepares to call the authorities; the women, who have been waiting in the car, watch as Carling orders them out. Jody throws the car's door open, knocking the gun from Carling's hand and giving the men enough time to overpower him; the group rushes into the ship. That evening, the group has safely escaped their doomed planet and are on course. Sturka comments. Riden smiles as he points out on the ship's viewer their mysterious destination, 11 million miles away—the third planet from the Sun, called "Earth". Todd VanDerWerff of The A. V. Club rated it A and called the twist "justifiably famous". "Probe 7, Over and Out", another Twilight Zone episode with a similar plot. "The Invaders", another episode in which a farm woman encounters tiny "alien" astronauts, who are Earthlings.
"Death Ship" is a TZ episode again featuring the Forbidden Planet Cruiser, where explorers find their ship E-89 has somehow crashed on the alien planet they have just found. Ancient astronaut theory DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 "Third from the Sun" on IMDb "Third from the Sun" at TV.com Matheson, Richard. "Third from the Sun". Galaxy Science Fiction. P. 61. Retrieved 17 October 2013